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%1ank BooW Manutacturers. 


Vol. XII.— No. 1. 

Bntertd according to Act of Congrut, i 

■ Offlct of tht LUrrarlan iff Oongrtu, Waikinglon, D. C. 

It EAT is Ibe 
iirt of penman- 
ship, and many 

votaries. The 
profession I o - 
day has no truer, 
and probably no more 
gifted representative 
iu all its departmeuts 
tban tlie subject of 
this sketch. 

Pi'ofessor Scbolield 
has been well-known 
to the public for over 
twenty years as a 
the high- 
est lype and is now 
I the prime of life, bis entiance vipon 
the annals of lime being the seventeenth of 
January, 1845, at Poughkeepsie, on tlie 
classic Hudson. ^ 

None of the infrueuces which accrue 
from wealth and distinction attended bis 
birth, but rather the stern realities of life 
met him almost at the outset. Bereft of a 
father's care before he learned to know 
him, he was left to aid in the struggle of 
supporting a widowed mother and infant 
siBter, which part he did most nobly even 
at the early age of twelve. 

Meanwhile his ruling passion for " the 
line of beauty " began to show itself very 
strongly. Scraps of paper or paslcboaid 
would be found traced and retraced with 
lines of rare gnice and forms of artistic 
beauty, and even upon the rough board 
fence would be seen portrayed crude pic- 
tures of his handiwork. 

Another sad blow soon cnme to him in 
the loss of his most estimable mother. Blest 
however with sterling (jualitics of heart and 
head, he bravely rose above all contending 
misfortunes and at once bent all his ener- 
gies toward bettering his condition and ac- 
quiring an education. To this end he toiled 
early and late, and proved himself to be of 
that metal which nmkes success inevitable. 
The follosving instances, still familiar to 
many, may be cited as thoroughly charac- 
terislic of the boy. He would rise at 2:30 
A.M., complete a newspaper route of several 
miles, lake the steamer "Powell" at 6;.30 
for Newburg, sixteen miles down the river, 
sell papers in that city, cross the river and 
return home by rail in time for school at 
nine o'clock. This round of duly or a sim- 
ilar one be repeated day after day, summer 
and winter ; and it was perseverance in just 
such strenuous labors that enabled him to 
defray all needful expenses, to attend the 
public school uid eventually to enter East- 
man College. 

Professor Schofield began Lie life-work as 
a teacher at the early age of seventeen, 

evincing at that time th 
ability to give as well as tc 
veloping since into the car 
In method he is original. 

are talent of 

ceive, and de- 

; teacher he is. 

laking it a point ' 


:> draw out the student and in training him Busic 

I's College, of Newark, N. J., also 
in connection therewith private 
New York City. In 1882 we find 
a short time at the Youngstown 
College in Ohio. From thence 

careful to reserve an individuality of style. 
In discipline he holds the " law of love " to 
powerful than that of force. 

After teaching and acting as correspon- 
dent at the college from which he gradu- 
ated, he was elected to take charge of the 
penmanship department of a college under 
the same management at Chicago, which 
at that time was the largest school of the 
kind in America. Subsequently he made 
an engagement wiih the Bryant & Slratton 
Business University of that city. In 1867, 
by reason of climatic influences, he changed 
his field of labor, choosing from numerous 
offers that of Warner's Polytechnic Col- 
lege, of Providence, R. I. He remained 
there ten years, during which time he also 
taught private classes in Boston. 

In 1871 he accepted a call from Clark's 
Model Bi*.3iue88 Training School, now 

he was called to his present position as 
Principal of the Normal Penmanship De- 
of the Gem City College, which 
position he has tilled with honor during 
the past five years, sending forth many of 
the best young penmen this country has 
yet produced. 

Professor Schofield is an intense and 
rapid worker. Aside from his regular and 
faithfully-performed duties as teacher, he 
has from time to time executed a vast 
amount of the finest artistic pen-work, 
samples of which have been held by some 
of the highest dignitaries of the world, in- 
cluding the Pope of Home, Queen Victoria 
and the Emperor of Brazil. At present he 
if engaged upon the " Penman's New Para- 
dise," which is expected to be one of the 
finest works of the kind ever published. 
His power of originality in designing is ex- 
ceptional and his ability to execute off-hand 
work simply wonderful. 

Among his numerous competitors 

the press than he ; but what is more telling 
than all is the fact that many of the most 
renowned penmen and able instructors have 
been his pupils. 

In person Professor Schofield is attrcc- 
tive, having a fine physique, handsome bear- 
ing, features well cut and striking, and 
countenance lighted by an inward pleasing 
grace, By nature he is retiring and unas- 
suming, liheral minded, playful in spirit, of 
strong personal magnetism, and yielding f 
none in love for l" — -- '" ' =~ " — 

Peirced Copybooks Defended. 

Prof. Peirce is nothing if not brilliant. 
He helieves in ' ' letting his liiiht shine " and 
" hewing to the line let the chips fall where 
they may." He has probably written more 
good things and less weak things about pen- 
manship than any contributor to The 
Journal, and is entitled to the credit. In 
his last article, " The Science of Teaching 
Penmanship." he has scored a hit, and if he 
had said nothing' other than "A book 
teacher is no teacher" he might always be 
remembered with gratitude and admiration 
for it. But his grouping of i ffeCt and 
cau'e shows him a mistaken diajiuoslicator. 
As will might he charpe llie church with 
the responsibility for failure lo eradiioie 
crime as to blame the copybiiok for the bad 
penmanship of the communiiy whili' ad- 
mitting its inherent virtues and approxi- 
mute perfection. 

Because copybooks are not able to pro- 
ducp good writers of themselves it does not 
necessarily follow that they are either use- 
less or pernicious or responsible for what in 
the nature of things cannot be expected 
from them. A copv in a book i> merely a 
text embodying form ar'd jyrinciple which 
lire to be interpreted and illuslraied to the 
pupil by the duly qualified teacher through 
precept and example until mastered. What 
to write can be put in a book. How to write, 
or the manner of writing, must be shown by 
the livini; example or acquired by laborious 
experiment. Authors may prescribe tie 
What but teachtrs must describe the Hmo, 
The teacher may dispense with the author, 
but the author cannot dispense with the 
teacher and command success. 

Successful authors must be good teachers, 
but successful teachers or penmen are not 
i|ualitied thereby for authorship. The vital 
issue is with the teacher. Now, there are 
teachers and teaches, and while "a hook 
teacher is no teacher," it is also true that a 
mere ink slingcr is no teacher. And yet ink 
slingers form the majority of those looked 
upon as profcf^sors of penmim&hip ! And 
they modestly {sic) submit to the flattering 
insinuation without protest. 

But how many of them know more of 
pHchycology than as a hard word lo spell and 
write? And while enthusiasm, cheek and 
aasumplion. backed by a spread eagle, an 
oblique pen-bidder, glossy ink and horse 
sense may carry one through to a successful 
result, a dozen make tbemselvea ridiculous 
and merit the lurking contempt of educa- 
tors, and who shun us all for our trans- 
parent shallowness, conceit and ignorance 
of ordinary scholarship which often crops 
out in the orthography of our ehirocraphy. 
Pschycology, in my opinion, is the weak 
point of the profession, and accounts for 
the narrow views and prejudices so gener- 
ally entertained among teachers of penman- 
ship regarding their co-laborers, the general 
teachers and copybook fraternity. And in 
all the articles published in penman's papers 
it is surprising that none have recognized 
the existence of the laws of mind and its 
manifestation as the true basis of intelligent 

In view of the vast millions now taught 
in our schools, public and private, as com- 
pared with the handful who pass under pro- 
fessional penmanship teachers, and the av- 
erage results compared with those of fifty 
or even twenty-five years ago, it must be 
admitted that the copybook is the saving 

til 8( 

attainable standard for the \ 

jf^K-r JODiSNAi; 

Recollections of an Expert. 

To the outside world it will be a matter of 
aatonishraeDt to know of the methods re- 
sorted to by villians to establish fictitious 
claims to property of deceased persons, and 
the frequency and persistency with which 
they are applied. 

During the past three years, probably not 
less than one hundred instances of such 
fraudulent claims have come under the ob- 
servation of the writer, the opportunity is 
prc3«?ntcd from the fact that death silences 
the party, who above all others, would be able 
to denounce and defeat such claims. Tlie 
chief difficulty in the way of such frauds is 
the establishment of some plausible consid- 
eration, which is most frequently attempted 
in the form of promisory notes as Ihey are 
prima facie evidence of an obligation. Be- 
sides, there are book accounts, forged wills, 
deeds, mortgages, claims of pretended heirs, 
etc. Many of these cases present circum- 
stances which would furnish plots for the 
most extravagant romance. To set forth a 
few instances of such claims, is the purpose 
of this arliclu. 

The Celebrated towU Will Case. 
Many of our readers will remember the 

years ; 

celebrated Lewis will 
in Hoboken, N. J., 
which an old colored man, supposed by all 
who knew him to be a bachelor, died, devis- 
ing by will nearly $3,000,000 to the Uuited 
States Government, to be applied to the re- 
duction of the National debt. Not long after 
bis decease a woman appeared claiming a 
dower in the estate as his widow, presenting 
an alleged marriage certificate, and vari- 
ou9 other evidences going to show that she 
was the lawful wife of Lewis. A most 
searching investigation and long litigation 
followed in which it was shown clearly by 
expert testimony that the alleged marriage 
certificate was a forgery. Other evidence 
was introduced to show that the claims of 
the pretended widow were an utter myth, 
and finally after a long trial the will was 
probated and the widow's claim declared 

It finally appeared that the pretended 
widow was only a tool in the hands of a 
band of experienced and professionnl for- 
gers and criminals, who had conceived the 
plot and were the principals in maintaining 
the contest against the Government. The 
conspiracy embraced, we believe, nine per- 
sons, all of whom were finally tried and 
convicted of conspiracy and sent for long 
terras to Stute's prison, the pretended 
widow at the end turning Slate's evidence, 
and so escaiiing pnnishment. 

Old Uusttell's Blouey. 

Another and more recent case was that 
of Miser Uussell, who was for many years 
a printer in New York, and at the time of 
his death left about $.30,000 deposited in 
various savings banks. He was known 
among his friends as a bachelor and he had 
frequently said he had no relatives living, 
and as far as his friends and acquaiulances 
knew this was the fact : but immediately 
upon his death, a lawyer appeared repre- 
senting a woman residing in Michigan, who 
laid claim to Russell's estate on the ground 
of being bis daughter. To sustain this 
claim she produced letters which she al- 
leged she had received from him at Inter- 
vals during several years and one Just previ- 
ous to his death, which were addressed to 
her as " My Dear Daughter." 

These letters were submitted to the writer 
for comparison with the genuine writing of 
Mr Russell, to ascertain whether or not he 
had written them. They were pronounced 
and proven to be forgeries, thus disapprov- 
ing the claim, and the $30,000 went into 
the public treasury, as is the case of estates 
left by persons who are without heirs. 

Miser Paine and his MiUiuns. 

Another case which the readers of the 
Journal will remember as having been 
previously mentioned in these columns, is 
that of miser Paine.who died leaving money 
and property variously estimated at from 

$500,000 to $1,000,000. His life had exhib- 
ited the worst phase of a miserly existence. 
Hescarcely allowed himself the most meagre 
necessaries for existence, poorly clad, and 
actually begging his food in low restau- 
rants, where he scrambled for the very leav- 
ings upon the tables. So filthy was he in 
hia habits as to be actually loathsome, caus- 
ing him to be frequently ejected from pub- 
lic places. Immediately after his death a 
man came forward, first with a power of 
attorney, purporting to be signed by Paine, 
by which he was authorized to conduct all 
business relating to Paine's affairs, and also 
made claim that a will had been executed 
by Paine willing all his property to him, 

The power of attorney on being submitted 
to experts was demonstrated to be fraudu- 
lent, in that it was first given for a specific 
purpose, and afterward so changed by the 
party holding it as to be convened into a 
general and full power to transact all busi- 
ness for Paine, and all acts were to be re- 
garded as if transacted by Paine himself. 
The will which he claimed to have bi-en exe- 
cuted, could not be found, but the pretend d 
copy of it was presented which was also 
proven to be a fraud, and the money left by 
the miser was finally divided between his 
though distant relative*. 

Several cases which have lately been pub- 
lished in The Journal we will refer to but 
briefly, among them the fomous case at 
Plymouth, N, H.. where a nete and check 
aggregating $7,000 were presented to the 
widow of the deceased president of the Mon- 
treal. Concord and Boston R. R. Co., imme- 
diately after his death. The widow declined 
to pay on the ground of hcrunbelief that no 
such claim existed. The claimant when 
accused of forgery brought suit for libel 
against the widow, claiming damages to the 
amount of J.i.OOO. The note and check 
were demonstrated by the writer to be 
foiged. and the party presenting them was 
held under bail for criminal prosecution, 
but fled to pnrts unknown before the time 
came for liis trial. 

Tlie Newport»lrncy. 

Another instance was at Newport, Vt., 
where immediately after the decease of a 
party there was presented to the executors 
of his estate a paper purporting to be a 
written renewal by the deceased just prior to 
his death of outlawed notes and accounts 
to the amount of several thousand dol- 
lars, sufficient if allowed to absorb the en- 
tire estate. Thia paper was submitted to 

woman, both continuing to be servants of 
the testator until his death, and to each of 
whom he willed $1,000. besides $500 to 
each of their several children. It would 
seem that the entire family had become sort 
of pets with the old gentleman. Time 
passed on and some two years after the de- 
cease of the testator, tbe husband called 
upon tbe executors and presented a note for 
(Itiite a sum of money, alleging as his rea- 
son for its possession; that just previous to 
the testators death, he and bis wife being 
present, the old gentleman handed him a 
sealed envelope saying, "John, take good 
care of this and do not open it until after I 
am dead, when it may be of great service to 
you." He took the envelope home and 
placed it in his bureau drawer, with other 
valuable papers, where it laid until tie fact 
of its possession passed out of his mind. 

A few months previous to the discovery 
of the notes he said his house had been en- 
tered and robbed by burglars, and that 
shortly after the robbery he found liiying 
in his front room, near the window, several 
valiuible jMipers. among which was the note 
be held, also a letter purporting to have 
been written by the burglars, which said 
"these papers are of no value lo us; we 
therefore return them, as they may be of 

A Wnll Street Instance. 
Another instance was that of a millionaire 
banker upon Wall street, who died leaving 
property to the value of several millions of 
dollars. Shortly after his death a woman 
presented a written document in the form 
of a contract and receipt for $23,000 placed 
in the hands of tbe deceased some years 
before his death for investment and safe 
keeping. The contract being to the effect 
that the principal and interest were guaran- 
teed with such other profits asmight accrue 
from the use of the money. At the time of 
this presentatiou the claim with interest ag- 
gregated nearly $40,000. 

The contract which was in itself amte 
and receipt for the money, purporting lo 
have been written by a lawyer, and several 
letters purporting to have been written by 
various disinterested parties furnishing 
facts and circumstances tending to establish 
the claim, together with tlie genuine hand- 
writing of ibe claimant, was placed in the 
hands of the writer for examination and 
comparison, when it was discovered that 
the writing which purported to have been 
written by five different persons was all in 
the disguised handwriting of the claimant, 
including the alleged contract and receipt 
for the money. These writings manifested 
a high order of manual skill, and much 
shrewdness in their various disguises. It 
was revealed by evidence taken at the trial 
that the author of this scheme had formerly 
been a professional teacher of writing, and 
lately a writer of novels, and certainly taking 
the entire scheme in allof its phases it would 
furnish a plot which would out- 

the writer, who pronounced the signature 
of the testator a forgery, and on trial so 
demonstrated the fact as to secure a verdict 
from the jury of forgery. At this 

nder indie 

ment. two for forgery as principals and 
four for perjury as witnesses lo sustain a 
conspiracy, and all have a lively chance for 
doing the State a long term of service at 
honest labor. 

the Western part 
several notes 
the executors 

) their genuine- 

Some three years 
called to a small town 
of New York State, to 
which had been presented 
of a large estate, under ci 
had awakened suspicion a; 

comparison of the handwriting in the body 
and signatures of tbe notes with that of the 
testator, it was very apparent that the notes 
in (pieslion were forgeries. The circum- 
stances attending the discovery and presen- 
tation of the notes were indeel romantic. It 
seems that the testator who bad been a far- 
mer and i^pcculaior left an estate valued at 
at about $200,000. The nearest of kin were 
nephews and neices, among whom after 
leaving several legacies, tbe estate by the 
will was to be divided equally. 

For many years there had been employed 
as housekeeper by the testator a bright 
young ■woman who had frequently been 
called upon by him to do writing and not 
unfrequently at his request to sign papers 
for him. There was also a hired man upon 
the farm who finally married thj young 

papers had. 
into the rooi 
the outside. 

signed "The Burglar." Tbe 
as he supposed, been shoved 
1 by raising the window from 
It then occurrtdtohim that 
this note was a part of the contents of the 
envelope which bad been presented to him 
by the testator. These circumstances ap- 
pearing so plausiible the note was at once 
allowed and paid by the executors. 

A few days afterward the man called 
with another note which he said his chil- 
dren had found under the edge of the house 
near the window, through which the re- 
turned papers had been put. He supposed 
that this note had accidentally in the dark- 
ness dropped from the hand of the burglar to 
the ground instead of going through the win- 
dow as was intended, and that the wind had 
blown it under the edge of the house, where 
it had ilain until found. That story also 
appearing plausible, and the note appearing 
to be in the genuine handwriting of the testa- 
tor, it was allowed by the executors. Shortly 
after this he presented a note for a much 
larger sum, which he said the children had 
found under tbe edge of the horse barn. 
This, he said, he supposed had dropped ac- 
cidentally and the wind had blown it lo the 
place where it was found. The third being 
for a larger sum caused the executors to 
hesitate and take counsel before its pay- 
ment. It was at this time that the notes 
which had been paid, together with the one 
which had been presented, were submitted 
to tbe writer. 'Ihe payment of the third 
note was declined and suit was brought for 
its collection, when the demonstration of 
forgery to court and jury was so complete 
that a verdict of for::ery was 'almost in- 

aiantly rendered, not only as to the not' 
suit, but tliose wljich liad been paid, 
parties iberefore not only failtd in 1 
nlsim upon the third note but also v 
compelled to return the money which bad 
already been paid on the previous ones. 
These notes with the interest aggregated 
about $13,000. 


C '^f^r. 


But perhaps one of the most ( 
spirncies that has come under 
the observation of the writer was 
that of a forged deed lately con- 
tested in Ulster County, this 
State, illustrations of the writing 
of which forgery appear in 
connection herewith. The facts 
as developed in the trial of the 
suit were that upward of thirty 
years ago. a homestead valued 
at some $16,000. was left by the 
father to bis family which at the 
date of this deed consisted rf 
four maiden daughters, who hud 
resided and continued to reside 
upon tbe farm until their death. 

The tirst sister died leaving 
her interest in the estiite to tbe 
remaining three ; the second 
sister at her death left a will be- 
queathing to an only nephew her 
third interest in an outlying 
piece of land, while her entire 
interest in Ihe homestead was 
willed to her two surviving sis- 
ters. On the death of the second 
sister, she willed hir third inter- 
est in the said outlaying piece 
of land to the nephew, and ber 
undivided interest in Ihe home- 
stead to the remaining sister. 
On the decease of the third sister, 
she also willed her interest in th 
piece of land to the nephew, 
homestead was wiilei 
her husband. 

Within a short time after the dece 
the last sister, an old man living 
neighborhood called upon the widoi 
children of the nephew, who was the n 
of kin to the sisters, and informed lli 
that be had found amoug his old papii 
deed, intrusted to him years ago, in It 
for safe-keeping, by which two i birds 
the interest in the homestead had been 
conveyed to their husband and fallu- 
the said nephew, and that the deed 
would be surrendered to them if Ihey 
would deed to him a half interest 
property conveyed, otherwise he would 
destroy the deed or turn it over to the hus 
baud of the grand nifce. to whom the home 
stead had been willed. According to bi 
demand the widow and children executed : 
deed conveying a half interest in tb 
property to him. 

When it was sought to place this deed oi 
record at tbe Register's Office, also the nev 
one. transferring the half interest, it becam. 
known to the parties to whom the property 
bad been willed, and they at once took meas- 
ures to prevent tbe recording of the deeds 
on tbe ground that the old deed was a 
forgery. This was done by securing an in- 
junction from the court forbidding their 
record, and at tbe same time suit was 
brought to nulify the old deed as an alleged 
forgery. At the trial the most strenuous 
efforts were made to prove the genuineness 
of the deed. It was alleged that ihe body 
of the deed bad been written by a man who 
in 1857 was Justice of the Peace, and that as 
such he attested to its genuineness, and the 
deed was also witnessed by the old man who 
pretended to have discovered it, and who 
upon Ihe witness-stand swore that he was 
presentaud saw the deed written, and signed 
it as a witness at the time it purported to bear 
date. There was also what purported to be 
Ihv. signature of one of Ihe maiden sisters, 
while the other was signed by a cross, as 
was alkged in the deed on the account of 
her having at the time a ilisabled hand. 

Many witnesses were put upon the stand 
who had been familiar with the handwriting 
of thtf alleged Justice of the Peace, who tes 
titled that Ihe body of the deed was in his 
handwriting and the signatures genuine. 
Upon the other hand it was sought to dem- 
onalrate by expert testimony that the body 
of the will \ . . - - 

the alleged Justice, and that all of the sign 
tures were forgeries with the exception > 
that ofthe witness D.D.Bell.wbowasa party 
to the transaction and discoverer of the deed. 
It was shown by comparing bis signature 
with those which he wrote in 1857, and that 
which he bad written in 1884, at about tbe 
time tbe deed was produced, that the signa- 
ture upon the deed compared perfectly with 
the latter signature, but was widely different 
from that which he had wiitten in IS.")", 

ing from ano'ber deed proven to have been 
written by tbe Justice in 1857. We 
also show tbe two alleged signatures of the 
Justice, Snyder, which appeared upon 
deed, together with several of his gem 

The testimony of tbe writer, who 
called as an expert was that the wriiiog 
upon the alleged deed was upon its foce 
spurious, that certain forms of the letters 
were repeated over and over with an accuracy 

Comparing the writing in a section of 
the forged deed, which we present, with 
a corresponding section of tbe genuine 
deed, written within a few days of tbe 
alleged date of tbe forged deed, it will be 
observed that certain letters are made with 
a great uniformity, as for instance the word 
"of," which appears in line two twice, in 
line five twice, in line six twice, in line eight 
twice, in lines ten and eleven once, it will 
be perceived that one is almost an exact 
duplicate of tbe others, while in the genuine 

.'7n^t{€i^ i 

Bell's Sig roI)r^f>d. 

at Ibe time of the alleged making of ihe 
deed, showing thai while his signature upon 
the alleged deed was genuine, it was written 
thirty years afler the deed purported by its 
date to have been executed. 

As lo the genuineness of 
tbe body of the instrument 
readers to judge for themselves. We bave 
reproduced a section of the writing 

n the handwriting of | body of tbe deed, also a section of the v 

which indicated great \ 
their execution quite ot 
have been the case if w 
and naturally accordio.e 
writing was very slill 
the best would be but 

Dre and thought in 
lerwise than would 
itten thoughtlessly 
to habit : that the 
nd formal, and at 
, lifeless corpse as 

(ompared with tbe genuine writing of tbe 
Justice. While, from comparison, it became 
stili more apparent that tbe deed was a 
forged simulation of the his writing. 

dcel it will be seen that the corresponding 
word which appears in line two twice, in 
line five once, in line six three times, in line 
eight once, in lines nine and eleven once, 
varies cousidorahly in its manner of con- 
struction. Furihermore it will be observed 
that the peculiar form of the "•of" as it 
appears in the forgery, namely that of the 
linisbing stroke of tbe f striking up over 
the 0, ending with a sweep to its left, is a 
very poor imitation of that form as it ap- 
pears in the genuine deed in lines nine and 
j eleven, where Ihe turn is below the o. and 
is a short formal turn to tbe left of tbe staff 
nf the f. It would seem that the forger, 
having observed this as a frequent form in 
the genuine writing, had made the mistake 
of using it invariably in the forged simula- 

The word "of" appears in the entire ■ 
forged deed 120 times, every one being 
made in the same manner, so that while it 
is a poor simulation of the genuine, it fails 
to preseut the variations as they appear in 
tbe habitual and natural writing of Mr. 
; Snyder. 

Take the small p in tbe forged writing. 
It invariably begins with a right curve, and 
is finished with an "s"-like form at the 
center. This form is repeated over and 
over with a high degree of exactness 
ihroughout the forged deed, so that there is 
really but one form of the small p in tUe 
entire instrument, yet in the genuine writ- 
ing it will be observed that there is one kind 
of a p in line three, another quite different 
in line seven, another still diffeient in line 
i-ipht, two differing from these others and 
from each other in line nine, and so in line 
eleven. This letter also fails in the forged 
deed to present the variations which appear 
in the genuiue writing. 

Take tbe small f at the beginning of a 
word, a good example of which appears in 
the forged instrument, as the first letter in 
word ■■ fifty," line three, also in the word 
" first,"' Hue seven, and the same word, line 
eleven, it will be seen that each of thfse 
begin with a right curve, while observiui^ 
corresponding letter in word "tifty." line 
three, of the genuine writing, also in line 
seven, in the word " first," it will be seen 
that tbe f begins with an iuiliat stroke 
having a left curve instead of the right. It 
would seem that the forger, observing that 
the f began with a curve, unwittingly 
curved his the wrong way. Take the capi- 
tal T. that appears in tbe first word of line 
one. also lines five and ten of the forged in- 


It. it will be seen that it is very like 
a capital T, the top of the first part is oearly 
horizontal with the second at the top, while 
ID the genuine is a "T." beginning line one; 
also in line five- and in line eight, it will be 
seea there that tbe initinli are quite different 
in form, the first part rises high above the 
second so tbat it lacks the borizonitnl rela- 
tion as in the forged iusirumtnt. Take tbe 
letter " t " at the beginning of a word as it 
appears three times in line one. and line five 
ond elsewhere in the forged instrument, it 
will be seen tbat the initial stroke is invari- 
ably a right curve, while in tbe genuine in- 
strument it is very frequently omitted, and 
wben present is a left curve, as an ex. 
ample of which see lines five and six. The 
capital B will be observed in line four of 
tbe forged instrument aud the capital H, also 
tbe H, each having the same and a very 
peculiar initial stroke, all just alike, this 
uniformity is carried throughout the eLtire 
instrument, every capital B, H aud R be- 
ginning in tbe same way, but observing the 
corresponding letters in the genuine writing 
it will be seen that they are widely different 
nnd variable in this respect. 

Tbe small m's and n's perhaps present 
tbe most marked contradictions in Iheir real 
characteristics as between tbe two writings. 
It will be observed that iu the forged instni- 
mcnt connecting lines trace back only 
slightly, forming a sharp and open angle at 
the top and bottom, while in the genuine it 
will be observed that the up lines trace back 
almost to the top of the down stroke and 
have round turns at the lop. making the 
letters of jin entirety different character. 
Perhaps one of the worst give-a-ways iu the 
forged instrument is theW in tbe word wit- 
ness in line ten ; it is a modern Spencerian 
letter, one which was not in use in tbe year 
1857. It is probable that the forger of the 
deed was a young writer, and that be had 
before him as a copy a printed deed, only a 
small portion bein;^ in writing, in whic^h tbat 
word was printed, and not having the regu- 
lar form of Synder's W before nim be un- 
wittingly made bis own, which Ibe reader 
will see is widely different from any that 
art! in tbe genuine instrument, 

Tliis comparison we might extenl to great 
length, but time and space both forbid. We 
now invite attention to the signatures. One 
of the first two signatures of Synder appear, 
one to the forged deed, the other to the ac- 
knowledgement ; below these are given four 
genuine signatures of Synder. Itwill be ob- 
served that tbe first fatal error of the forger 
was in the second J. where the connecting 
stroke from the preceding letter passes over 
tbe staff so as to form a horizontal and ovaled 
loop around it, while in the genuine signa- 
tures tbe loop of the J is to the left of the 
staff, and forms a nearly perpendicular oval. 
The next great mistake is in the construction 
of the " er," which in the genuine signature 
of Synder is so couslructed as to look as if it 
was an "or," while tbe forged is very dis- 
tinctly er. The chief failure, however, is. 
in the flourish which sweeps around tbe 
signature; iu the forgery, its width is more 
than two-thirds its length, while tbe lines 
are of a character that indicates that they 
were slowly drawn, while iu the genuine tbe 
sweep is such as to form an oval more than 
twice as long as it is wide, while the sweep 
is free, the lines smooth and the shade is low 
down toward the bottom, while in the other 
it is high up above the turn of tbe oval. 
Also the final dash or sweep of the flourish 
under the signature is entirely different in 
the method of its construction In the for- 
gery than it is in the genuine. 

Manymore instances might he mentioned, 
but we leave them for our readers to dis 
cover. We next consider the s-iguature of 
D. D. Bell, who was one of the witnesses to 
the forged instrament, also the party who 
professed to have discovered it. and who 
was evidently the chief instigator in the 
forgery. The Hm is that to the deed which 
as he alleges he wrote iu 1857, wben the 
deed purports to have been executed, direct- 
ly under which are two others proven to 
have been written in 1884. while the fourth 
is his genuine signature written by him in 
18S7. The point to he determined was, 
whether his signature upon the deed is more 
or less closely rt-lated to those written in 
18&4, or that written in 1857. 

We also give the genuine signature of 

Helena DePuy, nnd her forged signature to 
tbe deed, which will he seen to have very 
little relationship between the letters or 
their combination, while the D and u 
in DePuy and the n in Helena are tbe same 
as in the body of the instrument, indicating 
that they were written by tbe same person 
who forged the body of the deed. The 
other name. tbatof Dina DePuy, being signed 
by ber mark, there can be no comparison, 
except that it is evident that the parly who 
wrote the body of the instrument wrote her 
name. It has not been our purpose to give 
anything like the full detail of facts set 
forth in our testimony at the trial in demon- 
stration of the forgery, we leave those for 
tbe readers of Thk Joi:knal to discover. 

An Imperial Author. 

tive iHlniul. 

A unique manuscript has been sold at the 
Rue Drouot. in Paris, for 5,500 francs. It 
is an autograph by the First Napoleon of a 
history of Corsica, which be wrote at Ajac- 
cia in 1790. This MS. is in eight closely- 
writlen pages, and there is much in it which 
shows that the future emperor was then a 
disciple of Robespierre. He speaks with tbe 
fervor of an enthusiast of tbe social contract 
in referring to the action of the Jacobins iu 

He writes in an involved style and in the 
orthography of an uneducated person : 

"The Jacobins saw tbat the broken frag- 
ment of a feudal system combined with 
laws instituted by prejudices without unity 
would not make a compact whole, but found 
only, on tbe contrary, an ill-combined patch- 
work, just good to perpetuate anarchy. 
They understood that palliatives were out of 
dale, and that it was necessary to play dou- 
ble or quits to run all risks and to employ the 
strongest means. They began by preaching 
the grand principle of the community of 
goods of etiuality, the sovereignty of the peo- 
ple and of the illegality of every authority 
that does emanate from a popular vote. 
Well, in a few days they changed the whole 
face of things in the island. 

"If they had had time to strengthen their 
work in spite of the priests what a spec- 
tacle they would have offered to Kurope in 
a government founded on reason at tbe 
gates of Rome I A government of men of 
the Rue de Provence, a free government 
amid aristocracy, feudality and tyranny ? 
How iu tbe world would corrupt nations, 
stultified and brutalized under the sceptres 
of kings and bishops, bave been able to 
resist collision with healthy, robust, free 
men? How could it have resisted when 
Athens alone resisted and knocked over tbe 
combination of all Asia ?" 

There are in the expressions elsewhere 
many allusions which, if they render the 
texlungrammafical and of ten obscure, show 
a brain which thought too rapidly for the 
hand to set down the ideas that crowded to 
the tip of the pen. The young historian in 
many cases made his meaning more appa- 
rent by interlineation. His obscurity aud 
awkwardness are not caused by a want, but 
a congestion of ideas. 

He often erases, often changes, often cor- 
rects, but his manuscript is the sineere re- 
flex of his mind :n 1700. He dwells on the 
degradation of tbe governed classes all over 
Europe, and insists on French armies, pos- 
sessed with the genius of libeity and re- 
joicing at their new-born freedom, being 
bound to beat them and overthrow the 

How Bad the Bad Writing Is. 

A great deal of our bad wriliua is so Ijad 
that nothing can be done with it but let it 
alone. It does not rise to the height of 
licirig false or inartistic ; it is a mere mush 
of words. No criticism of it is possible. It 
is only drenched off the page and the page 
dried iu the sun. The author cannot he 
healed or helped. The trouble is organic. 
One might indeed say to him : " Go back ; 
go to school ; learn the alphabet ; be born 
again; die and become a different person. 
Perhaps the next time your mind will he 
less flacial." But it does no good. He 
likes to live as well as the rest. He likes 
the mush. It does not seem to him mush. 

'^i\>i o| *^i'»o<foq:iap%, 

Conducted bv Mbs. L, 

The Study of Phonography. 

160. Of and hant are added by tbe/ hook 
to both straight and curved stems, though 
it is used on curved stems iu only a few 

367. An, and, own, been and f/ian are ad- 
ded by the n hook to straight and curved 

168. There, their, they are and other i 
added to straight stems by the tr hook. 

h„ ar,.L/_. 

69. Of the and hatx the are added 
light stems by tbe c book and halving. 

nil. 0/ their, hare their and after arc 
added to straigbt stems liytbe/book and 

could have their _ 

171. Not is added by tbe n book and 

172. Another is added by tbe n book and 

B, a„„the..\ .ro. »„.th,. 

173. //I before «owf is represented hy the 

,.<=..b.tter than. 5S. 

."I. t.. 


Been .J .J, Than <:^*^ - ) ^~^ ) 

.^ i^x .There>^. V '^ I 

/^-:r-..^....,The,nJ _^..^ 

%..,They ar»^<',(/ \. ...Other J. 
. >>...^..'J...|i^... Of the— It I, I 

capable of 

did have their 

[1 tlie ciiy of New York tliey did n 

at anotlier 
should anolher 
In anotlier 

they may have 


pai't of lue 

on tbe part of the 

may have been 

did you have unylhlng ti 

FallacleB about the Sea. 

[Contractions, brief eijrns and words out o 
positloD, except and, an. are, as, but. do, /rotn, 
luu, havt. flit, it, qf, our, that, the, thfrn, C/iese. to, 
with, when, what, are Italiolsed ; coneonanLs repre- 
sented by up-strokes are llullcised; words to be 
Joined In phrases are ooclosed hi parentheses. 
Only such phrases are Indicated as have already 
been explained] 

(Every man) (ought to) (cross the) ocean 
(at least) once (for the sake of) finding (how 
many) lies (have been) told about it. Men 
(may have been) (in the hahit) of telling the 

truth (oD the) /and, (but an) ocean breeze 
(makes them) {capable of tbe) big:gest stories. 
They see biHows (as high as tee) Afps. and 
whales (as long as) a church. {We have been) 
(able to) fiod some things (that have lieen) 
reported (but not) a/1. (We have) heard 
that seasickness makes one desire to jump 
•overboard. (One day) (on our) ship among 
a hundred seasick passengers we saw (not 
one) booking (at the) sea (as though be) 

(variety of) mission. Since getting (on 
board) some of them hive /ost (a/l their) 
money. (Two or three) have woo every- 
ihing and (the others) have /ost. The saitors 
(have been) acoustantjenlertainment. (They 
are) always interesting. (Eachof them) has a 
history. Sometimes his Hfe (has been) a 
tragedy, sometimes a comedy. (In his) /augh 
(is the) freedom of the sea and the wildness 
of Ihewind. Weeanhard/y keep from /aying 

years, and still no indication of a new edi- 
tion. By way of consolation to those who 
want it and cannot get it one of the authors 
writes: "The truth is that the employ- 
ment of it increases the lime necessary to 
take a full course, but it is an undoubted 
benefit to pupils who are struggling to learn 
without a teacher. Many of the moat rapid 
Munsou phouographers were qualified be- 
fore the ' Phrase Hook ' was projected." 

ced Reading Lesson.— Swallowing 





,^.-^:-K^ ^.^^ 

><- ^ 




I. r 


r A 

^ v^ \ 


(would /ike) to get (into it.) (We have 
been) told (that the) sai/s of ships whiten 
every sea ; (but we have) found (that the) 
cry of "Ship— hoi" (is so) rare (that it) 
brings (all the) fpassengers (to their) feet. 
(We have been) told of the sense of deso/a- 
tioD when (out of) (sight of) /and, (but we 
think) in a popular steamer such a feeling is 
imposaibU. (We Jteave) a world behind ; (bat 
we) take a worht (with us.) Our desire to 
know bow far (we are) (from the) shore is 
(no greater than) to know how far the shore 
is (from us.) Men (by tbe) third day on 
shipboard turn inside out. I refer (to their) 
characters not (to their) stomachs. Their 
generosity (or their) selfishness, their cour- 
age (or their) cowardice are patent. What 

hold with t/tese saitor boys (as they) bend (to 
their) work (singing their) strange song of 
(which we) catch {Iiere and there) a stanza. 
Heaven {give them) a steady foot while /Tin- 
ning (up the) sHppery rat/inca to reef the 
topsail ! 

Phonographic Notes. 

We receive a great many letters asking 
where the " Munson Phrase Book " can be 
procured. It has been out of print fully two 

This is true. It is also true that with the 
exception of about one hundred phrases 
which should be called phrase contractions, 
the book contains only such phrases as are 
formed accoidiog to the rules of phrasing 
given in tlie test-book. A list of these is 
rather a hindrance than an aid, as the learner 
is apt to fancy that they are to be memor- 
ized, when, if he understands the principles 
of phrasing be knows already how to 
form, with a few exceptions, all the phrases 
on the list. 

A stenographer once said to Senator 
Evarts, "Mr. Evnrts, your long sentences 
trouble me," His quick retort was, " Only 
criminals are afraid of long sentences." 

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps is suffering from 
au affection of the eyes, which compels her 
to have all her correspondence and literary 
work conducted by a 

A Word on Handwriting. 

"Writes badly, does he? Oh. that 
doesn't matter ; I've generally found that 
boys who could write well were little good 
at anything else." 

So spoke the headmaster of a large public 
.school when discussing the penmanship of 
a favorite pupil, who was a prodigy in the 
matter of Latin verses and Greek roots, but 
whose writing would have been unworthy 
of a small boy in a preparatory school. 
What with letters of all shapes and sizes, 
some sloping to the right, some t\inibling 
over one another to the left— his e-xercises 
looked very much as tliouglj n spider had 
contrived to fall into the ink-pot and then 
crawled over a sheet of paper until he had 
got rid of the ink that covered his body and 
legs. And with the head master's dictum 
to encourage him in his carelessness, it is no 
wonder that matters did not improve as the 
boy passed from school to college, from col- 
lege to professionalism. He hud been taught 
to consider bad writing a sign of genius, and 
the result was. he wrote plenty of cleverlet- 
lers and essays which no one but himself 
could decipher. 

And is not this typical of hundreds and 
thousands of cases at the present day ? 
Partly because baudritii]g is not tauglit so 
carefully and industriously as in by gone 
times, partly because of the headlong speed 
which characterizes most of our daily traofl- 
actions, whether in private or public life, 
there seems to be some fear lest penmanship 
may become almost as much a lost art as 
letter writing.— Ca«seW> Afagazine. 

Type Manufacturers. 



Gutenberg, Koster (if he ever lived), and 
most of the early printers, made their own 
type, and this, indeed, is tlie germ and key 
of the whole industry. The making of the 
type is now a calling by itself — the trade of 
type-founder — but it is most curious that 
up to the invention of the type-casting 
machine in 1838, by an American, David 
Uruce, Jr.. of New York, there had been 
scarcely any improvements in the process 
since the corly days. Then, as now, in all 
probability, the lype-founder cut first his 
"counter-punch" of hard steel, which 
stamps into the end of a tiny bit of soft 
steel the interior part of the letter to be 
made. It is a patient man who must do 
this work, which is completed by cutting 
away all the superfluous metal outside the 
lettei". leaving in relief the letter A, of the 
desired new pattern or new size. When a 
smoke-proof of his die shows the punch- 
cutter that his A is perfect, ho hardens the 
bit of steel, and with successive blows of 
this die upon a bit of copper makes the 
matri.\ for any number of type. If it is a 
very large letter, tlie metal is poured into a 
mold, with these matrices at the bottom, 
by hand, in the old fashioned way, and ihe 
letters sawn apart ; but most types are now 
cast in tbe little casting machines, which will 
turn out 100 or more type a minute. Jhe 
type metal has been fused in great smelling- 
rooms. where the lead, antimony, and tin 
have been mixed in the crucibles in the pro- 
per proportion to form thin alloy, which 
must be ** hard, yet not britllo ; ductile, yet 
tough ; flow freely, yet hardening quickly." 
It is kept Uuid in a little fiinmrc under the 
(tasting machine, wlni-'-c -i-^ ti 

b, it is spurti'. 
right quantity to 11 1 1 
itself at thcspoul •.\\ 

end of the i 

fit. The 

old, an 





back with its quickly cooling charge of 
metal, the matrix freesitscif from the mold, 
the upper half of the mold popt* off, and the 
formed type is tossed out inslanlcr. Thence 
the tiny bit goes to the breakers, boys who 
break off the waste "jet" of metal; rub- 
bers, with leather-protected finger, sitting 
at a larL'c 'ii'-Miftr ^fon.. mb down the 

they ai 

Inrk." in which 
I I. r.s.r with a plan- 
till II ii[i<{('rst«udings and 
shaves their sides pcifctlly true. After 
passing the inspection of his magnifying 
glass, the good letters go to a haven of rest, 
to wait the printer's orders, while the bad 
are again committed to the flames —i?. H. 
Bowk^r in Uarpa's Magazine. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour. 

EUY rarely lus a writ- 
ing unlensil been put 
upon the market which 
has come so quickly iind 
securely iolo popular 
favor as Ames' Best Pi-n. 
Even when we consider 
what a superior article 
this pen is. the number 
of the comraendali'ins 
received, and particu- 
larly the tharacier of the commendors, it is 
a mailer of wonder. 

Ames' Best Pen has come to stay. In our 
long line of experiments before thissucoess- 
ful product was evolved, our instructions to 
the makers was to make a gwd pen — l/ir best 
pen Oiat can be made. The price was a mat- 
ter of secondary imporiauce. because we 
knew that the purchasing public could tell 
a good thing when Ihey saw it. 

Peerless: Luxurious — Ames' Best Pen. 

A Till 

• sue 



three-sixteenths of an inch in 
serCed in the top of a pencil-case. Its Utile 
dial not only indicates hours, minutes and 
seconds but also dnys of the month. It is 
a relic of the time when walcbes were in- 
serted in snuff-boxes, shirt-studs and finger- 
rings. Some were fantastic — oval octan 
gular. cruciform, or in the shape of pearls 
tulips, etc. 

The Streiigtli of » Sm»il. 

It has been found by experiment ihal a 
snail weighing i^' ounce can draw up ptr 
pendicularly a weight of 2'4 ounces Vn 
experiment was made with a larger snail 
weighing i.; ounce, and so placed asio draw 
the load in a horizontal position. Reels of 
cotton to the number of twelve were fastened 
to it. with a pair of scissors, a screw diiver 
a key. and a knife, weighing altogether 
seventeen ounces, or fifty times the weight 
of the snail- The same snail when placc.l 
on the ceiling was able to travel with n 
weight of four ounces suspended from its 

nuok-Makiiig In Ye OMen Time. 

Whenever a royal book-lover, iu the day 
of manuscript books, gave an order to have 
such or such a classic copied by the most 
skilled book-maker in the kingdom and 
ornamented by the most eminent miniature 
painters of the day. it was customary to 
make these miniatures faithful portraits of 
the court beauties and favorites, the queen 
naturally at the head. This lent an addi- 
tional charm to the book in the owner's 
eyes, who could, as he turned over the 
pages, gaze upon fond familiar faces painlcd 
with exquisite art and framed in burnished 

Decorative Sue^geatioDH. 

An essential element of interior dccora- 
tinu is appropriateness, which imparts its 
charm both to classic details aud fanciful 
creations. The renaissance style has given 
great encouragement to elegant and luxu- 
rious interior decoration. Charming picto- 
rial designs are now brought out in friezes, 
especially in paper mache and lincrustawal- 
ton, the surfaces showing metallic hues or 
other colors. The pattern is ofien simply 
self-colored, thus leaving the effect to light 
and shade. Continuous designs of sterna, 
llowcrs or fruits, or successive pictorial pan- 
els, each with its distinct tableau, are thus 
piesentcd to euliveo the subject. , 

Dr. Wallace, the eminent English evolu- 
tioDisl. sltites that, in the distribution of 
color among birds and insects, those most 
liable to be attacked are less showy and at- 
tractive. Among birds, when the coloring 
of the male and female differs, ihat of the 
hitter is always dull, she being more likely 
10 be attacked when on tbi- nest or caring 
for her young. But when the nests are in 
retired spots, or in hollow trees, the plumage 
of both in equally bright. Brilliantly-col- 
ored iosccrs are rarely fit for food, and edible 
species will actually imitate the inedible, for 
the reason that birds refuse lo touch insects 
closely resembling those they have found 

Evolution : They are great travelers, 
and always go in a trot. Their quadrupe- 
dal locomotors are in some way connected 
with an internal grunting arrangement. 
This capability for locomotion, and their 
innate sinfulness, scientifically explain their 
existence in West Virginia and their an- 
cestry. There is uo authority for even sup- 
posiing that all the swine historically de- 
scribed as going down into the sea or lake 
with devils in them were drowned. The 
Siuailic. Vaiican and Alexandrian SISS. 
say "choked"; so I stake my scientific 
reputation upon the assertion Ihat the 
Razor-back Hogs of West Virgiuia are de- 
scended from the survivors of ihose owned 
by the A. D. 1 pork-raisers, for the reason 
that they have more devil in them than can 
possibly be compressed into modern pork, 
have cloven feet, a long tail, and never 
miss an opportunity to upset a bucket, eat 
a week's washing, or squeal when the baby 
is asleep.— 7b6e Bodge, in tfm American 
Magazine far December. 

starting point by several of the spectators 
was. for the four miles and return, nearly ' 
nineteen minutes, not very fast for ostriches, , 
so they said, but too rapid for English hun- 
ters, \'kXii3Vi.— Notes of an African Traveler. 

Mnrdcrous Millinery. | 

A lady told me the other day a painful 
litlle iucident relating to wearing birds on 
your bonnets and hats. I will try to give 
her own words. She said : 

"One day our pastor said (during ser- 
vice) that when he was In Florence a lady 
came to him and said ; * Do come with me 
aud bear those birds sing, oh ! such mourn- 
ful notes ! ' There was a room full of birds 
in very small cages, and these birds were 
all blind; they had their eyes put out. In 
the night the owners take them outside the 
city and hang the cages in trees The trees 
are then all smeared with lar. These birds 
keep up their pitiful singing, and other 
birds are attracted to the cages and are 
stuck on the tar, and then they are cauglit 
and their eyes put out. And these birds 


Ostrich Kacing in Sonth Africu. 

We were treated to an exhibition which 
was a novelty worth travt-Iing miles to see 
—an ostrich race. Two little carts, the 
frames of which were made of bamboo mid 
the wheels similar to those of a velocipede, 
weighing, all the gear included, thirty- 
seven pounds, were brought forth and four 
very large ostriches trained to the business 
and harnessed abreast were attached to 
each one. The race-covirse was a Hat piece 
of country about four miles and a quarter 
in length ; the distance to be traveled was 
four miles straight away and return. Two 
of the smallest specimens of African human- 
ity ever seen, less than four feet in height 
and weighing about seventy-two pounds 
apiece. Bosjesmea, pure and simple, were 
seleded as charioteers, and all was ready. 
I had been provided with a magnificent 
sixteen hands high English hunter, having 
a record placing him among the very best 
saddle horses of Cape Town, and was quar- 
ter way toward the turn of the curse, 
pushing my fresh steed to do his best, when 
the feathered bipeds slarted, and before I 
reached the turn the ostrich chariots had 
passed me, going and returning like a flash 
of lightning. I did see them, and yet so 
qviickly did they vanish into distance that 
a pen piciure. valuable for its accuracy, 
cannot be given. The lime taken at the 

are killed and sent to America for ladies to 
wear on their bonnets. 

" And I looked around the congregation 
to see what ladies had birds on their bon- 
Dcls. and I was glad there was none on 
mine, aud I don't think I can ever wear a 
bird again." — WkU Aieake. 

Ancient Cities. 

Nineveh was 15 miles long. 8 wide, and 
40 miles round, with a wall 100 feet high, 
and thick enough fur three chariots abreast. 
Babylon was 50 miles within the walls, 
which were 87 feet thick, and 350 high, 
wiih 100 brazen gates. The Temple of 
Diana, at Ephesus, was 420 feet to the sup- 
port of the roof. It was 100 years iu build- 
ing. The largest of the pyramids is 4(S1 
feet high, and 053 on the sides; its base 
covers 11 acres. The stones are about 30 
feet in length, and the layers are 380. It 
employed 33,0000 men in huihling. The 
labyrinth, in Egj'pt, contains 300 chambers 
and 250 halls. Thebes, in Egypt, presents 
ruins 37 miles round. Athens was 25 miles 
round, and contained 250,000 citizens and 
400.000 slaves. The Temple of Delphos was 
so rich in donations that it was plundered of 
$.500,000, and Nero carriid away from it 
200 statues. The walls of Itome were 13 

We generally think of minerals as dead 
lumps of inactive matter. But they may be 
said to be alive, creatures of vilal pulsations, 
and separated into individuals as distinct as 
tlie pines in a forest or the tigers in a jungle. 
The disposition of crystals are as diverse as 
those of animals. They throb with unseen 
currents of energy. They grow in size as 
long as they have opportunity. They can 
be killed, too. though not as easily asan oak 
or a dog. A strong electric shock discharged 
through a crystal will decompose it. very 
rapidly if it is of soft structure, causing Ihe 
particles to gradually disintegrate in the 
leverse order from its growth, until the 
poor thing lies a dead shapeless ruin. 

It is true the crystal's life is unlike that 
of higher creatures. But the difference be- 
tween vegetable and animal life is no greater 
than that between mineral and vegetable 
life. Liunseus. the great Swedish naturalist, 
defined the three kingdoms by saying: 
" Stonrs grow ; plants grow aud feel ; ani- 
mals grow and feel and move." — E. D. 
Walker, in Christinas Wide Awake. 

Strangero on the Throne. 

It )B a curious fact that there is hardly a 
reigning monarch in Europe whose family 
is of the same nationality as the people gov- 
erned. The house of Austria is really the 
bouse of Lorraine, and even in their origiu 
the Habsburgs were Swiss. And if the Em- 
peror Francis Jos^epb be not. strictly speak- 
ing an \ustrian.stilllessisbeaHungarian, 
although he is king of Hungary. The king 
of the Belgians is a Saxe-Coburg ; the king 
of Denmark a Holsteiner; the infant mon- 
arch of bpain is a Bourbon ; the king of 
Italya Savooard ; thekingof Roumaniaand 
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria are both for- 
eigners the founder of the BernadoUe dy- 
nasty of Sweden was horn at Paris less than 
a century and a quarter ago ; the Czar is a 
Holatem Gottorp, and the king of the Hel- 
lenes is likewise a Holsteiner. Even in the 
British royal family there is very litlle Eog 
lish blood left. The Hoheuzollerns were 
origually Suabians. and therefore partly 
Bavarian and partly Swiss. Neither was 
the iiistoric house of Orange, in which pa- 
triotism has nearly always been the first in- 
stinct, Dutch to begin with. 

The followiug figures may be made a 
source of considerable amusement and won- 
der, in this manner : Have the person whose 
age is to he found state in what columns ihe 
figures representing his iige appear. 

The figures at the top of ibe columns thus 
indicated added together will represent the 
number of years the person is old. 






























Cocoa aud Chocolate. 

The cocoa or cacao tree is au evergreen, 
said lo resemble a young cherry tree. The 
flowers grow in clusters, the pods are not 
uolilic cucumbers in forni, and of a yellow- 
ish-red color; they contain from twenty lo 
thirty nuts about the size of almonds, con- 
taining each two lobes of a brownish hue. 
Afterthe seeds are freed from the pod, they 
are dried, aud then are either simply 
bruised, or are crushed between rollers- 
Cliocolate is also produced from the cacao 
tree. The seeds are gently roasted, shelled, 
and reduced to a paste, when various spices 
are added. It is put into moulds, aud im- 
proves by keeping. 

kH I -Joru.NAi. 

Cuvier, one of tht- grealcsl njitmalists 
Ihixl ever lived, first bad bis interest in 
natural history routted by tbe action of two 
«ffiil!ows. These litile birds bad built a 
nest just outside of bis window. One day 
a strange bird took possession of tbe nest. 
Tbe swallow and bis mate chattered to- 
gether for some time and then (lew away. 
Presently they reappeared with a long train 
of swallows, each bearing some mud in its 
claws. They flew close to the uest. and as 
tbeypiissed the strange bird, threw the mud 
they carried directly into his face, thus kill- 
ing and burying tbe intruder in the place of 
his crime— the nest he had stolen. From 
this time Cuvier devoted hirascif to the 
study of the habits of birds, insects, quadru- 
peds and other animals. 

Utilscr Wllhelm's Ninety Years. 

German papers call to mind that Kai-er 
Wilbelm in bis ninety years has survived 
no fewer than seventy-two reigning: sover- 
eigns who were his contemporaries, viz. : 
P'ifty two Kings or Queens, eight Emper- 
ors, six Sultans, and sis Popes. Of these 
three were Kings of Prussia, Frederick 
William II,, Fredfrick William III , Fred- 
erick William IV.: two were Kings of 
Hanover, two Kings of Wurlemberg, two 
Kings of Bavaria, three Kings "of Suxony, 
one King of Westphalia (Jerome Bona- 
parte), one King of Greece, one King of 
the Belgians, three Kings of Holland, three 
Kings of England, three Kings of France, 
tive Kings of Sweden, four Kings of Den- 
murk, three (or four) Sovereigns of Porlu- 
gnl. five Sovereigns of Spain, five Kings of 
Sardinia, six Kings of Naples, two Emper- 
ors of Austria (one of whom was the last 
of the former line of German Emperor-), 
two Emperors of France, four Czars of 
Russia. He has also survived twcniy-one 
Presidentis of the United Slates. 

The earliest reference to shaving is found 
in Genesis xii., 14, where we read that 
Joseph, on being summoned before the 
King, shaved himself. There are several 
directions as to shaving in Leviticus, and 
the practice is alluded to in many other 
parts of Scripture. Egypt is the only coun- 
try mentioned in the Bible where shaving 
was practiced. In all other countries such 
an act would have been ignominious. 
Herodotus mentions that tbe Egyptians al- 
lowed their beards to grow when in mourn- 
ing. So particular were they as to shaving 
at other times that to have neglected 
was a subject of reproach and ridicule, and 
whenever they intended to convey the idea 
of a man of low condition and slovenly 
habits the artists represented him with a 
beard. Unlike the Romans of a later age, 
the Egyptians did not confine tbe privilege 
of shaving to free citizens, but obliged 
their slaves to shave both beard and head. 
The priests also shaved the head. Shaving 
tbe head became customary among thi 
Romans about 300 B. C. According tc 
Pliny, Scipio Af ricanus was tbe first Roman 
who shaved daily. In France thecu: 
of shaving arose when Louis XIII. c 
to the throne young and beardless. The 
Anglo Saxons wore their beards imtil, at 
the conquest, they were compelled to follow 
tbe example of the Normans who shaved. 
From the time of Edward III. lo Charles I. 
beards were universally worn. In Charles 
II. 's reign the mustache and whiskers only 
were worn, and soon after this the practice 
of shaving bcc;inie general throughout 
Europe. The revival of the custom of 
wearing the beard dales from tht time of 
the Crimea, I854-r.5. 

In 109.') appeared the first country news- 
paper as the Z.i/n^o?«, Itutltinif and Stamford 
Mercury. The prospectus of one of these 
early country papers, the Salisbury Post- 
man, "or pacquet of intelligence from 
France, Spain, Portugal," etc.. Sept, 27, 
1710. ran thus: "This paper conlainsan ab- 
stnict of tbe mo^st material occurrences of 
the whole week, foreign and domestic, and 
will be continued every post, provided a 
sufficient number will subscribe for its en- 
couragement. If 200 subscribe it shall be 
delivered to any public or private house in 

1 every Monday, Thursday or Saturday 
aing by eight o'clock in winter and by 
n summer for \)A. each. Resides the 
3. we perform all other matters belong- 
to our art and luyslery, whether in 
D, Greek. Hebrew, algebra, matbe- 
cs. etc." By 1782 the number of pro 
viucial papers had increased lo fifty. A 
vivid description of the slate of the roads in 
country in winter time two centuries 
ago is given in the following extract from 
the "Collections for Husbandry and Trade," 
March 10, 1G93 : " The roads are filled with 
V. weare forced to ride with the pacquet 
r hedges and ditches. This day seven- 
night my boy with tbe pacquet and two gen- 
tlemen were seven hours riding from Dun- 
stable to Hockley, but three miles, barely 
■scaping with their lives, being often in 
holes and forced to be drawn out with ropes, 
an and woman were found dead wiihin 
le hence, and six horses He dead on tbe 
road between Hockley and Brickhill. smoth- 

and thus making a sudden break without 
any gradation of color between it and tbe 
coiling, excepting, of course, in cases where 
the ceiling is very low : then the treatment 
must be made without either wainscoting or 
frieze. When a plain color Is desired as a 
background for pictures, the very cheapest 
and commonest paper often makes the most 
artistic and serviceable finish ; tbe yellow- 
gray, gray-brown and yellow-brown com- 
mon wrapping paper— the coarser tbe bett'-r 
— makes a very effective and cheap covering 
f.M- a wall- Thispapercan be bought by the 

It is estimated that there are about twen- 
ty eight miles of drainage— enough in length 
for the sewerage of a large town— in the 
system of sweat-tubes in tbe skin of an adult. 
Obslrucling the outlets of this system clogs 
the whole and sends the drainage back into 
the heart of tbe city— a speedily fatal effect. 
The average amount of perspiration given 


Ciiljctt ct Cdpg 

nt tljc Tiire-^amrj 

^-'^ f.rre-mitulL'- zxnh xc^c- 

lutxiTtt uc rtt^rnBeeb, 


Choosing Wall-Pnper. 

In choosing wall-paper, great care should 
be exercised, as the color and general ap- 
pearance of most of the patterns changevery 
fireatly under gas or lamplight. It is, there- 
fore, desirable to select three or four pat- 
terns, put them up upon the walls of the room 
and examine their general effects carefully 
by day and night before making a final 
choice, for not only do some patterns and 
colors materially alter by artificial light, but 
some, especially green and blue, absorb an 
immense amount of light, and are therefore 
not fitted for any rooms which are to be 
economically lighted. In papering the walls 
of a dining-room there are, of course, very 
many ways of treatment, and among the 
numerous good examples of paper-banging 
now made there should be no difficulty in 
seleding some really good patterns, artistic 
in design and coloring. As before stated, a 
dado or wainscot forms a desirable basis for 
a dining room, a w-ide frieze a proper finish 
to the wall, instead of carrying up the gen- 
eral tone of color of the wall to the ceiiing 
or cornice : this suggests itself as infinitely 
more artistic than carrying up the same 
color pr decoration to the top of the room, 

off by a person in health is about two jiouuds, 
or two pints, daily— a quantity almost equal 
to that disposed of by the kidneys. It con- 
tains, in common with tbe other excretions, 
substances which, if retained, are harmful 
in the extreme. Also, the matter deposited 
in the clothing in the course of a week, and 
in warm weather especially, beginning 
speedily to decompose, is enough to sug- 
gest the eminent propriety of frequent 
changes, and washings and airings often. 
Sick lungs, liver or kidneys call upon the 
skin to do their work for them. The skin 
must, therefore, be kept in good condition 
to do the work of three organs as well as its 
own. and, being so ready, may save a threat- 
ened life. The skin may be trained to adapt 
itself to sudden and frequent changes. It 
has the same capacity for adapting itself to 
circumstances that the eye has. It will 
shrink and give off little heat through its 
blood vessels and its sweat glands when ex- 
posed 10 cold, and will present a large ra- 
dialingaurfaceand much moislure when ex- 
posed to heat. A judicious training will en- 
able the skin to adapt itself to sudden 
wilh safety. — lecture by Dr. Shel- 

From human history we know that for 
several thousand years the sun has been 
giving heat and light to the earth xs at 
present : possibly with some considcrnble 
fluctuations, and possibly with some not 
very small progressive variation. The re- 
cords of agriculture, and the natural his- 
tory of plants and animals within the time 
of human history, abound with evidence 
that there has been no exceedingly great 
change in the intensity of the sun's heat 
and light within the hist three thousand 
years ; but for all that there may have been 
variations of quite as nmch as five or ten 
per cent,, as we may judge from consider- 
ing that the intensity of the solar radiation 
to the earth is six and a half per cent, 
greater in January than in July; and 
neither at the equator nor in the northern 
or southern hemispheres has this difference 
been discovered by experience or general 
observation of any kind. Hut as for the 
mere age of the sun. irrespective of the 
question of uniformity, we have proof of 
something vastly more than three thousand 
years in geological history, with its irre- 
fragable evidence oC continuity of life on 
tbe earth in time past for tensof thousands, 
and probably for millions of years. 

Here, then, we have a splendid subject for 
contemplation and research in natural phil- 
osophy, or physics, the science of dead mat- 
ter. The sun, a mere piece of matter of the 
moderate dimensions which we know it to 
have, bounded all round by cold ether, has 
been doing work at the rale of four hundred 
and seventy-six thousand million, million, 
million horse-power for three thousand years 
and at possibly more, and certainly not much 
less, than that for a few million years. How 
is this to be explained? Natural philoso- 
phy can not evade the question, and no phy- 
sicist who is not engaged in trying to an- 
swer il can have any other justification than 
that his whole working time is occupied 
with work on some other subject or subjects 
of his province by which he has more hope 
of being able to advance science.— -Fl*(»m 
" The Sun's Heat," by Sir Wiltiam 71toin»on, 
in Popular Science MontJily. 



One of the most interesting features of 
modern progress is the influence on modes 
of warfare exercised by scientific discov- 
eries. The bicycle has been utilized in Ger- 
many for mounting troops, and now we hear 
of an electric sword. It will be seen at once 
that the latter is an essentially shocking 
weapon. Strangely enough, il was invented 
in Shanghai. The warrior using such a 
sword has a battery — that is, of course, an 
electric battery — concealed at his waist. In- 
sulated wires run from the battery to the 
sword. When the point of the weapon 
touches an adversary the latter is paralyzed. 
The wieldcr of the sword can be said to 
have made an electric charge. 

There is much that is luxurious and pleas- 
ing in the possibilities suggested by the 
Shanghai sword. In the first place, the vic- 
tims to the weapons are not hewn down in 
a bloody death. They perish neatly and 
quickly and do not soil tbe ground with 
gore. Of course, such scientific execnliou 
would take away much tbatis poetical about 
a battle-field. No longer could the roman- 
cers revel in such phrases as "rivers of 
blood" and "gory pools." In fact, the 
electric sword would offer little more than 
an electric brush or an electric corset as a 
subject for imaginative writers. But it ap- 
peals at once to the lovers of the practical. 
If a warfare is really a necessary adjunct of 
human existence let us keep it as striclly 
abreast of the times as possible. 

The electric sword is a great advance on 
the weapon which has for so many centu- 
ries sprung froni its scabbard to seek men's 
vitals. It has one great drawback, however, 
which may retard its popularity. It is apt 
to prove fatal. Imagine a French dcul 
fought \\i%\\ electric swords. Some one 
would he sure to meet with disaster, and 
French politeness would be greatly outraged. 
On tbe whole, it seems probable that the 
Shanghai weapon will not he received with 
favor In Europe. The great armed nations 
of the continent would feel reluctant to 
place lightning-rods on their troops, and un- 
less some such precautions were taken the 
electric sword would be invincible. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal ^" premiums to be withdrawn. 






The Joumai't General Affenl /or Canada U A. J 
Smail. whote headguarltn art 13 Grand Opera 
Howe. Toronta. EtlioU Fraier, Stcrelary " Circkde 
la SaiU." quebtc. (P. 0. Box lft(), U tpecia/ agent/or 
that cilv and vMnili/. The InUmational Newi Co.- 
n BoMverie Street (FUet Slree[). London, art its 
fortign agents. 

On tbe irjtb day of nest March, all pre- 
miums DOW offered in connection with The 
Journal will be withdrawn, and all offers 
which may have been made in eonnection 
with them canceled. 

The subscription price for The Journal 
from that date, without premium, will be 
$1 a year. No expense or efforts bnvebeen 
spored to maintain The Journal at the 
bead of publications of its class in the world. 
The cost of its manufacture far exceeds tbal 
of any other paper of its class — probably of 
all other papers of its class in this country, 
at least, combined. Its incchnnical execu- 
tion, printing, engraving, paper and typo- 
graphical arrangement are unquestionably 
superior to that of any similar publication, 
and a comparison of Ibe method and quality 
of its monthly output, both from a literary 
and technical stp.ndpoiul, will not be less 

though, as in the matter of text, it by no 
means includes the total number of cuts 
printed. Many composite illustrations were 
grouped under a single heading, tbe actual 
numberprinted being considerably in excess 
of 200. It is not necessary to refer to the 
quality of this work nor immodest to say 
that these illustrations areunapproached by 
those of any contemporary. Make your 
own comparisons. 

Returning to the subject of premiums. 
We have concluded, in all the circumstances, 
that if The Journal is worth buying, it is 
worth p 'ying one dollar for, apart from any 
ouLMde inducement. Its price on and after 
March lo will, therefore, be $1 a year with- 
out premium. 

About six weeks remain in which tbe old 
premiums may be secured, and in which the 
old clubbing rates will continue in force. 
If you intend to do anything in that way 
you must do it now. Tbe inducements 

Oi the (jprct^ncy of a rtnettal by thf tub- 
ttcritfcrs itfjt jfear at tlu one dollar faM. 
Tho«e who begin to readTll^.'iovmtw.iituaUy 
continue to read it, and upon that aenumptton 
ice put the price doipn belmr (he actual proft 

There never was a belter cbanee for tbe 
rising generation of penmen to secure Ihia 
invaluable work, "Ames' Compendium of 
Practical and Ornamoulal Penmanship," 
than is presented by this offer. We say 
"the rising generation." because all the 
wise heads of the fraternity have long ago 
provided themselves with the work which 
by the concensus of e-xpert opinion is in- 
comparably the best in its line extant. No 
artist pretends to do without it; no student 
or admirer of the beautiful and the pnicti- 
cal in pen-work can afford to. Warmly 
recommended by the profession as a com- 
plete library of precept and exMmple for the 
professional, the amateur, aspirant and stu- 




port Conspiracy ; A Clever Scheme ttist 
nr.,....j « ^ Qfjgjj . j^ Entire 

ing Suhofield 

n. .V. Jewell. 

PclroBd Copybooks Defended 

// »'. Ellfworlh. 

llBcoi-LEmoNs or AN ExrmiT 

D. T. Ame$. 
The Celebrated Lewis Will Case ; Old Rus 
Bell's Money: Miser Paine and His Mil 
lions ; A Wall Street Inslaiifo : Sued foi 
lilbel : Convicted of Forgery ; The New- 
___ -^-juspir ' --■■ - ■ 

Deed Forged Oiitriglit. 

An Imperial Author 4 

How BHd the Bad WritlnR I8 4 


Mrs. L. B. Packard. 
Phrases of the Second Class ; Heading and 

A Word on HiuidwrUtne .'.. ... . k 

TypeManufartiireis . " 5 

Tub Enrron's Leisure Hour ft_7 

A Time-Piece the Size of a Flea :" The 
Strength uf a Snail: Itnolv-Maklng * " 
Olden Time; Decorative Sugifi-s 
Colnrlnit of Birds and ln*eota ; The I 
Bank Hng : Ostrich R«oiiiK In South 

Strength u 
"Iden Tin 

_ mk Hng : Osin 
loa; Murdcrons 

Throni.-", 'fu^v.- 

KaiBi-r w'i'll'i'.^itii'' 
Razor, '111,' IM.-- 

i-Maklng In Ye 

; .\noient Cities ; 
:The pfr 

fst iCnirliNti Ciiuntry NewB- 

uiH Uali-I'aper; Drainage 

■„■„«'- ■■?^ ''-"--■■ "^-^ "Horse 


All Premiums to be WithdraVn-Le^lbnity 
r«. SpeeJ; Our New Year's (ireetings; 
Perils of Llst-Maktng; Prosperous Con- 
temporaries ; Club-Tide ; Exposing a For- 

Tn Refer>'i 

Mistakes . 

Photo-Kngraved from Pen Flourish by D. T. Amoa. 

Souvenir of Barnes' Penmanship.! 

S**'tl™" an"! Autograph of Fieldlne Schofield 

Phonographic Script 
Biamiilcaof Arlsticii, 

>cw 1 ear's Grf^tinga 

[ih Specimens by Fielding Sehoileld! ! 
»:»■ n-lsea— llla'— - " 

nlsiic Engrossing.. 

Movement ^xV^[V-VsM-llfii^Vmiig''uS'oM'by 

Kibbe and Isaacs 


'15«i'?? D o^ ^ ^ Spencer. J. W. Vincent 
and B. H. Spencer. 

All this is said in no spirit of disparage- 
ment to The Journal's two or three bright 
of which arc deserving of prosperity. They, 
however, do not represent so large an in- 
vestment of money in their production, and 
are necessarily more c'rcumscribed in tbe 
extent and character of their work. 

Tbe index to The Journal's volume just 
closed shows 384 principal articles, taking 
no account of nearly 2,000 unbradrd arli- 
cles published in tbe way of notes. Yet in 
the work of editing, the search for each sep- 
arate note require^, on an average, at least 
as much time as a writer of fair facility 
would bestow upon a half-column article on 
a given subject. Prof. Kelley. for instance, 
compiling bis monthly items on educa- 
tion, humor, etc. . is obliged to read carefully 
from one hundred to two hundred different 
publications a month— in itself a work of 
several days. 

Neither does the index to The Journal 
convey an idea of a large number of articles 
comprised under certain general headings. 

Looking down the inde.v further, we find 
that 174separateengraving3are annotated by 
title. Thisisvastly moretli^T.^'^;^^comhined 
product of all oy;- ^tie limeS papers, 

offered are greater than we shall again 
mike. Tbe offers made last month (you 
want to read them carefully) are continued 
to March 15. Here they are : 

To every present stibscriber for 
The Journal who shall send us tliree 
new subscriptions before March 15, 1888, 
and three dollars to pay for tbe same, 
we will mail The Journal for tbe year 
1888, wiih premium free. 

2'/ierc is prohaUy no person among The 
Journal's tens of thousands of subscribers 
wfu> could not, with scarcely any exertion, 
secure the three subscriptions. 

To any present subscriber who shall 
send six new subscriptions before March 
15, and $6 to pay for tbe same, we 
will mail The Journal for two years 
tree, or send the extra s ibscription to any 
address indicated. 

For tea new subscriptions sent before 
March 15 by a present subscriber, we will 
send The Journal free for lour years, 
or four subscriptions for one year, or 

For ten new subscriptions we offer a 
copy of our superb Compendium, tVee, 
the price of which is five dollars. 

This is the beat offer we Juite ever made, I 
leavinff us absolutely no marffin of profit save ' 

For twenty or more subscriptions we will 
allow a cash discount of twenty-five 
cents each, which may be deducted by the 
agent when remitting. 

In all tJte above offers the subscription in- 
cludes choice of the regular premiums. The 
offers close March 15. 7'hey are Uie best 
ever made, and probably that ever roill be 
made. Act now. 

Legibility vs. Speed. 

In another column appears an article 
on tbe Relative Importance of Legi- 
bility and Movement in Writing, by Jlr. 
Fox, of this city, to which we invite the 
special attention of our readers. 

Without committing ourselves to all the 
statements therein made, we to say 
that in many respects we accord with Mr. 
Fox. We believe that first and paramount 
in writing is legibility. H is more essenlial 
that a man he able to walk than that he 
should have speedy locomotion. Speed is 
very desirable, both in locomotion and 
wriiing. For many persons speed of writ- 
ing is of very little consequence compared 
with style and legibility. Indeed more per- 
sons to-day hold lucrative positions as 
clerks, copyists, engrossers, and even teach- 
ers, from the extreme neatnessand legibility 
of their writing than its speed. In nearly 
all cases legibility will be an acceptable ex- 
cuse for lack of speed, but who would par- 

don an illegible scroll on the grouod of 
speed ? Many of our enthusiastic worship- 
pers nt the shrine of ' ' movement " would do 
well to note the fact thot celerity of action, 
whether of mind, body or limbs, is a ralu- 
ral and inherited gift, and that a person 
Constitutionally slow of mind or motion 
cannot vie with one who is constitutionally 
quick, nor can any amount of training avail 
to bring equality, for training advances him 
who is already quick in the same degree 
that it does be that Is s^low. 

Celerity of mind is attended with exactly 
a corresponding degree of celerity of pliy- 
sical action, hence a slow person can no 
more write rapidly than lie could run 
or think rapidly. 

It follows, then, as a fact that movement 
in writing is relaiive. Drill may help a slow 
pupil to move faster, as it docs the quick 
one, but the slow one remains relatively 
slow, hence the absurdity of teacherssetting 
a numerical standard of motion, that is, a 
given number of strokes per minute for a 
miscellaneous class of pupils. It is true lie 

extreme advocates of movement are being 
nm out of the true race on a hobby. Move- 
ment must follow nol preetdf form. Action 
of fingers must follow action of mind. By 
this we do not mean that a pupil is to go 
through the whole process of mastering 
form before practicing movement, but that 
forms are to be studied and letters analyzed 
and some ideal established in the mind of 
the pupil before he is pushed to an extreme 
of speed. If it is to be better form and less 
speed, or belter speed and less form, we 
choose the former. 

Editorial Con 


the : 

panying page bears TiiE Jouknal's best 
wishes of Joy, Peace, Prosperity to each in- 
dividual member of its big household. And 
it seems entirely apropos that a flourished 
messenger should convey greetings to a flour- 
ishing constituency. 

It WA9 ft very rash undcrtnking — sound- 

illustrations. Tfir Penman seems to he 
having due prosperity and to be enjoying 
itself generally. Editor Scarborough con- 
tinues to make things interesting in Oa«AvW« 
Magazine. Editor Scarborough docs not 
propose to have any dyspeptic correspond- 
ents treading on his toes, as may be seen by 
reference to his last number. These dyspep- 
tic correspondents, liy the way. have a most 
unenviable manner of bobbing up when 
least expected, and they are the hardest per- 
sons in the VBorld to sit down on, mie com. 
where in this issue. 

The King Ci-un comes this month from 
C. A. French, of Boston, and numhers 
forty-four subscribers. Mr. French is one 
of The Jouunal's most appreciative friends, 
a month rarely passing without his contrib- 
uting a number of new subscribers to its 
lists. That is the kind of friends upon 
which good papers are built. W. C. Isbell, 
Terre Haute, Ind.. sends the Queen Club, 
numbering thirty-six, with W. S. Cham- 
berlain, Wilkesbarre, Pa. , only a nose behind 


Photo-llii^ruvecl from Copy Executed by 1 

; SohofleUI, Quinoy, 1 

may produce an apparent equality in the 
practice by holding back the fast and spur- 
ring up the slow to a common medium, but 
in this the one suffers from contraction and 
the other from extension. Again, many 
pupils from circumstances beyond their 
control, have but a brief period of school- 
ing, insufficient to acquire both legibility 
and speed. In our business "olleges, where 
most of the pupils have already enjoyed the 
advantages of a common school, and often 
high school education, and who now have 
the assistance of skilled professional teachers 
of writing, it becomes proper that special, 
and sometimes exclusive, attention be given 
to movement, but it should be home in 
mind that the vast majority of those who 
liMrn to write do so in the public schools of 
rural towns, where the employment of a 
strictly professional teacher of writing is 
utterly out of the question, and whose occu- 
pation C'llls for a very limited practice in 
writing; to such legibility is of paramoiint 
importance. We have ever been an earnest 
advocate of free movement in writing, and 
shall ever continue to be such, but in view 
of the fact that it is chiefly to the specialist 
in writing, either as a clerk, accountant or 
correspondent, in the urgency of business, 
who requires to write with extreme rapidity, 
while to the vast majority of writers speed 
is of very little consideration compared with 
legibility, we repeat, flrst legibility, then 

We con but believe that many of the 

ing penmanship opinion on penmanship 
superiority, and candor compels us to say 
that it wasn't successful. So many penmen 
who received our summons begged to be 
excused (mostly on grounds of delicacy) 
that we feci constrained to extend the in- 
dulgence to the few who were moved to 

When the Greek allies had scattered and 
destroyed the great Persian lleet in the bat- 
tle of Salamis, all Athens put on the garb 
of jubilation and came out lo greet the 
proud victors. In order to bestow the 
glory in due proportion upon the various 
Greek commanders, each of them was re- 
quested to make a list of those who took 
part in the fighting, giving the names prece 
dence according to respective merits. Brave 
men and true, each list-maker put his own 
name at the head, excepting Themistocles, 
whose name was second on all the lists save 
his own. That, however, was several years 
ago, and has nothing at alt to do with the 
case in point, except to illustrate the perils 
of list making. 

The OFFi:n of The Office and The Joub- 
NAi. for $1 a year is confined to new sub- 
scribers. Renewals cannot be received on 
that basis. 

The current number of The Wes(ern 
Penman is the best we have seen in a long 
time. It is extremely creditable in point of ' 

with thirty-four. Each of these gentlemen 
knows a good thing when be sees it, and has 
enough consideration for his friends to let 
them into the secret, 11. C. Spencer, of the 
Spenceriau Business College, Washington, 
D C. , sends a club of thirty subscribers, and 
J. W. Welioc. Grand Kapids, Mich., twen- 
ty-five. Clubs of seventeen come from E. 
L. Burnett. Stowells B. & S. Business Col- 
lege, Providence, R. I., and James W. 
Yerex, La Grange, N. C. C. F. Elliott, 
Streator, III , sends fourteen subscriptions; 
J. B. Moore. N. W. Business Cnllcgc, Stan- 
berry, Mo., thirleen ; Jiicob Boss, Aurora, 
III., ten ; E. E. Rondebush. Topeka, Kan., 
Business College, nine, with various clubs of 
eight and less. 

In its issue of November last, on page 
159, TnE Journal printed a bird flouri'-h 
purporting to have been executed by It. B. 
Pickens, of Mooresville. Tenn. The copy 
was received from Mr. Pickers himself. 
After the flourish had been put in print we 
received a letter from Mr. C. N. Crandle, 
Dixon, III., claiming the authorship of 
the production in question, and alleging 
that it had been stolen by Mr. Pickens 
from bis scrap-hook, and palmed off for his 
own work. Mr. Crandle has had an oppor- 
tunity lo examine the original from which 
the cut was made and positively identifies it 
as his own work. Before seeing the ori- 
ginal, however, he described the copy in 
such a way as to satisfy us entirely that his 


[■ very sorry 

. be 

compelled lo show up R. B. Pickens i 
unenviable Hpht of a forger and a fraud. 
The facts, however, seem to warrant it, and 
our duty to our readers and to the profession 
justifies this strong language, us applied to 
one who seeks to impose on them in this 
gross manner. If the young man has any- 
thing to say in his defence wo will give him 
the opportunity. 

Pen and Paper. 

Handwriting is as much an expression of 
character as dress or speech. 

The ciit, the color and the arrangement 
of the dress indicate the position, taste and 
inclination of the wearer ; the lone of voice, 
the pronounciation and the thought ex- 
pressed in speech is a complete index to the 
individual who holds your attention, and 
not less certainly does the color of ink used, 
the shape and quality of paper and the 
fashioning of characters in a written com- 
munication tell the story of the personality 
of the inditcr. 

To be sure, we are governed or fashioned 
in each by certain arbitrary rules peculiar to 
the time and place, but it is in the adapta- 
tion of these mandates that the individual 

At one time no dress was complete with- 
out a trail, and it was in its management 
that a woman's grace or awkwardness wna 

It was the individual surviving under 
herculean dtfficulties that led a certain 
young man to be spoken of lately as "a 
sensible, respectable dude." 

The soft tones and smooth, grammatical 
sentences of educated persons are noticeable 
even when marred by the drawling tonos 
aesthetic culture gives or the twang the 
Yankee atmosphere imparts. 

Thus does an unobtrusive color of ink, 
heavy, plain paper and neatness of the sheet 
indicate the lady or gentleman, notwith- 
standing the style of handwriting in vogue. 

Fifty years ago the very delicate, very 
regular, very slanting characters of the 
Italian style of handwriting was in use. 
This, while lacking in character, possessed 
the one recommendation of legibility. 

Then came in the English style, very 
s(|uare, very imposing, stately as Britannia 
herself, but wholly illegible. 

At this time we have in use generally a 
happy combination of both, and perhaps at 
no former time has more importance been 
attached to letter writing than at present. 

Business men consider it a most essential 
dignity to maintain, and their handsomely 
engraved letter-heads and carefully dictated 
and neat type-written mail are carefully 
considered indications of their business 

It was formerly believed that illegibility 
and haste indicated enterprise and prcmpt- 
ness; but, while they do not entirely aban- 
don money saving and time saving, they now 
consider beauty saving aa well. 

In letter writing it is demonatraled that it 
is practicable to combine usefulness and 

Ladies of leisure can have do excuse for 
such an omission, which in tliem would be 
at once unladylike and discourteous. 

They are aided in this work by the- per- 
fect pens, perfect paper and perfect ink of 

Steel pens are most generally used in pre- 
ference to the more expensive gold ones, at 
one time considered indispencable. 

The variety and excellence of paper is un- 
limited for ladies' use, but the heavy, cream- 
laid, moderate sized sheet, unruled, is con- 
sidered in most elegant taste. 

The sheet may he simply ornamented by 
the address of the writer, the street ond 
number, or. if suburban, the name, as 
"Rosebush Villa." in plain, handsome en- 
graving We learn that Mrs. Cleveland 

BS stationary adorned with her monoj^ram 

heraldic fashion, and the motto. " Where 

L's are there is honey," and perhaps this 
will lead to innovations. 

The use of sealing wax. recently intro- 
duced, met with a hearty reception at fir-t, 
but lately we -see but little of its use. The 
convenient self scaling envelores, for which 
wax seals are superfluous, arc too neat and 
expedient to be immediately superseded. 

Quantity— Quality. 

A Tlgorouii 

ODslangrht ob 
•■Speed Wrillii 


A word or two in reference to a genera) 
misapprehension exi^liDg amongst our self- 
styled profesBdrs of penmanship, cODcern- 
iDg tbe rate of speed and the necessary 
(imount of strokes or letters to be made per 
miDiiie, I think will not be amiss. 

leaching of speed in penmanship is evident, 
as that is not tbe goat to be attained, hut 

It may be argued that perfection is the 
most difficult and tbe least attainable, as 
results have shown. Nevertheless, if per- 
fection he so difficult lo attain, let it at least 
be the goal towards which we should aim. 
Then if the soughl-for result be attained, 
80 much the greater will be our satisfaction 
in having accomplished that for which we 
strove. If perfection in form and move- 

be understood (hat I am in favor of a legiti- 
mate or limited use of speed, a speed which 
has for its object the attainment of good 
movement and sleadiness of stroke ; but 
not a speed which has for its object quan- 

Speed in penmanship should be regulated 
accordingly ; t, e . limited to a certain pace 
suited to the person writing, as the rate of 
speed must necessarily differ with different 
individuals. The powers of endurance in 
individuals are greater or lesser in their re- 

■rcises.— Photo 

The question before us, which lo my mind 
seems to he one of great importance, espe- 
cially to pupils, involves a grave and signi- 
ficant fact, that in penmanship only, such 
great stress seems to be placed on the term 

The "Professor" proceeds in his course 
of instruction tu impart to his pupils the 
necessary importance of movement, by 
dashing off from his skilled and practiced 
pen a lot of strokes, letters or combinations 
with a surprising degree of grace and ease. 
to the amiizement of his novices. 

imbintd. be so difficult to atti 
} form by advocating speed t 

Grace, delicacy and harmony, -so inde- 
scribable, and yet so manifest. Are these 
three sterling qualities compatible and in 
imison with the speed method ? 

A few comparisons lo show the prepos- 
terousness of tbe speed advocacy I believe 
will strengthen my argument. Imagine a 
Meissonier turning out so many yards of 
canvas in so many minulcs ; an engraver 
endeavoring to make so many lines or stip- 

spective actions, and a strain to be placed 
on any of the poweis must be regulated ac- 
cording to the endurance of the powers to 
be used. But does the professor who 
places a copy before his pupils and requires 
a certain rate of speed for their execution, 
look or know who his pupils are? The 
pupil may be a grown man, a young lady, a 
boy. or even a child ; is it not ridiculous to 
ask the same rate of speed from all ? 
Shouldn't the professor make allowances as 
to whom he has for a pupil and whether 
the pupil be experienced or still a novice ? 

The copies being compl-ted. he ("Pro. 
fessor ") next orders his pupils to practice 
wiih the admonition that 60. 70, 80, 100 or 
200 per minute are necessary ; for, should 
he fail to grind out ihi> required number of 
strokes in the allotted time, he fails in at- 
taining tbe required result in that lesson, 
because he was told lo tui 
strokes in so many minutes, 

Note the inconsistency in this method of 
leaching for, what is the pupil practicing 
to attain ? Is it a high rale of locomotive 
speed to al*ain quantily. or is it to alta'n a 
high degree of perfection in quality, irres- 
pective of speed, which as a facior in execu- 
tion cannot be j^overned with any regularity, 
as ipefd in wfiting is an unknown and iiide 
terminable quaulity depending mainly on 
the person writing ; whereas, quality in 
writing is a known quantity, that being 
perfection. Therefore the absurdity of the 

pies per minute ; the crayon-artist trying to 
cover with his stomp so much paper per 
minute ; the designer originating so many 
ideas per minute ; or a Longfello%v so many 
feet of verse per minute. Do any of the 
above-named vocations derive any of their 
beauty through speed? If not. why place 
such great stress io requiring a certain 
quantity of work to lie executed in a cer- ; 
tain length of time, when quantity is not ; 
the result sought. 

Throughout this discussion I have used I 
the term speed for quantity, speed being 
the main factor in producing quantity ; and 
the term perfection for quality, perfection 
being tbe highest degree of quality attain- 
able. I wish not to be misunderstood as ' 
advocating the linger movement, as the 
constant practice of the same is bound to j 
resjilt in a slow, cramped and druwnlike 
mode of chirography ; but, I do wish it to 

The absurdity in tbe lessons illustrated by 
photo-engraved copies with printed instruc- 
tions as taught by some of our professors 
through the different penmanship journals, 
is clearly at its height, when they ask all 
the readers to practice the lesson illustrated, 
and to use a certain rate of speed prescribed 
by the professor in his printed instructions. 
The professor seems to forget or to disre- 
gard the fact that his illustrated lesson 
comes before thousands of people both 
young and old, experienced and inexpe- 
rienced, arid some more or less his peers with 
the pen. Can any teacher whose sanity is 
unquestionable ask the same rate of speed 
from the thousandsof different persons who 
have more or le-ss muscular development, 
more or less endurance, more or less expe- 
rience, or Hiore or less aptness ? Would it 
not be better for the professor to place 
before his pupils his best copies, and ask 
from his pupils their best work irrespec- 
tive of quantity ? 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

At this point in the course we will give 
a few lessous in rapid writing, practical for 
business purposes, and commence in this 
number with a lesson on movement. 

The first hand is in the act of starting an 
inverted oval exercise, and the second one 
has completed the left curve to the top. 
Notice that the position of the lingers and 
hand is the same In the second as in the 
first drawing, and that the line lias been 
made by pushing the arm forward and out 
of the sleeve, sliding on the nails and sides 
of the third and fourth fingers folded under 
the hand. The right curve or downward 
stroke to complete the ovid is made by 
drawing the arm back into the sleeve, not 
allowing the slightest movement in the 
joints of the rhumb and fingers, and being 
sure that the sleeve does not slide on ihe 
table. This is the forearm movrment and 
the movement with which all these exer- 
cises were made. In stems and loops a 
slight movement of the thumb and linger 
joints maybe used at ihe same time that 
the arm is being pushed forward or drawn 
back into the sleeve, which is the combined 
movement. This movement of the fingers 
must not retard the free movement of the 

Make the exercises on unruled paper, 
using no guide excepting the edge of a 
blotter on which the hand slides. The rea- 
son for asking you to write without lines 
is that nothing may take the attention from 
the movement. These instructions you 
will understand are for learners. When 
the movement is mastered then all exer- 
cises should be made lo a base-line, and 
great care should he taken to folhiw it. In 
making the connecting line to a i we usual- 
ly lift tbe pen from the paper about half a 
space from the lop. Give each of these ex- 
ercises all the practice you can between this 
and the next lesson. Do not slight one of 
them. They arc all worlhy of your atteu- 

Lessons on Movement Exer 

In tbe last lesson I gave a series of light 
oval exercises. This lesson is devoted to 
shaded exercises. Each of these two kinds 
of exorcises is valuable to the learner, the 
light to develop an easy, delicate touch, the 
shaded to develop strenglh and confidence. 
The learner must not get tired of these exer- 
cises, for they are the mainsprings of good 
business penmanship. The arrows indicate 
the direction of the motion. These exercises 
should be practiced with a rapid, vigorous 
muscular movement. From 150 to 20u 
ovals per minute is the proper speed. 

The Office. 

Our neighbor. The Officp.. wise beyond its 
day and generation, has becoihe the ofiicial 
exponent of Mr. Sprague's universal lan- 
guage, yclept "VolapUk." designed In 
afford ready and philosophic means of com 
munication between educated people of all 
nations. A '■ Hand Book of Volaptik " bus 
just come from The Office press. It is a neat 
volume of 128 pages, setting forth the mean- 
ing and uses of the new language, with a 
grammatical exposition of ils s'rncture 
The price of the work is ^1. The Office 
stays right up to high water mark, anti we 
are more than pleased lo note the abiindani 
evidences of its prosperity. The price of 
the paper is %\ a year. By special arrange- 
ment with the publishers weareable to offer 
fur a limited time to every new subscriber 
to TuE JounNM.. both The Office and Thl 
Journal one year for the subscription price 
to either publication — $1, or to any one re- 
newing their subscription and remitting 
;|;l.50 we will include The Office for one 
This is worth your consideration. 

Ah I .ioi'kn.vl: 

The dear little laddie ! hU tiny bands 
We'e chapped and red with cold. 

Bat they lightly clasped a piece of Ice 
Almost too big to hold. 

Far down In the deptlis of Its crystal heart 

A tiny flaw wns seen, 
Where t^hi'nmerliiK rolore started op, 

Scarlet, and gold, and green. 

How his blue eyes shone, and bis eager face 
With Joy was all aglow I 
"Oh, mamma I" he cried," just see! I've found 
A piece of frozen rainbow." 
—LUxieiT. Hadleij, in ChrUtmag }Vide Awake. 

In fleference to Handwriting. 

The questioning of t-xperts on liandwrit- 
' fng by lawyers wns one of the interesting 
incidents in the Circuit Court one day this 
week. Some of the questions asked and 
answered were : " VVhether a man's writin;; 
is a reflex of his nervous condition V" 
" Whether a drunken man writes his signa- 
ture difftirent ihan when sober T • ' Whether 
it makes a difference if the writer has an 
overcoat on 7" One of the witnesses said 
that a man's signature had a certain expres- 
sion, and like a man's face could be recog- 
nized whether drunk or sober, and that a 
man's face is not judged by any single fea- 
ture, his nose or the color of his eyes, but is 
taken as a whole. — Kingston, N. T., Daily 

Complimentary Closing. 

Interesting Statlittics nf the Forms of Entl- 

I examined three hundred of my old let- 
ters, a hundred and fifty purely business 
letters, and an equal number of a miscel- 
laneous nature from friends and acquain- 
tances, none from relatives, and all from 
different persons. Here are the statistics : 

Bux. Mk. 

YoursTruly 51 84 

Very Truly Yours IT 13 

Toura Very Truly 16 10 

Very Kespeotf ally 11 3 

Tour8,eto 3 10 

Yours Ttespeotfully 10 2 

VeryTruly .. .. ,.. 8 4 

Respectfully . M S 

Sincerely Yours 1 7 

Yours Sincerely 1 7 

TourPrlond ... . ... U ll 

Respectfully Yours — — 3 a 

Very Sincerely Yours . . a a 

Truly Youra . , . . a a 

Sincerely 1 8 

Yours Faltlifiilly . ... .1 

InHaste n .•) 

Hastily ...02 

Yours Fraternally ii a 

Yours Cordially n a 

Very Sincerely 3 

With Sincere Regard-* ..0 a 

Your Obedient Serpiiii' a ft 

Yours Most Respectfuliy ...... j i 

Very Respectfully Yiiiir* I i 

At Your Service ,.. l 

AudObllge 1 

Very Truly Always I 

Yours Very Respectfully 1 

Yours as Ever 1 

Yours Ever. o i 

Ffatemally '> 1 

Fraternally Yours, .. i> i 

Yours Host Truly. it i 

Truly, elo o i 

Most Truly 1 

Most Truly Youts o i 

One notable feature of this table is the 
scarcity of the signatures so well-nigh uni- 
versal a century ago, such as " Your Obe- 
dient Servant," of which I found but two 
instances in three hundred letters. "Your 
Humble Servant" seems to have departed 
this life. Can lliis be due to ihe distaste 
Americans have for even the semblance of 
servility ? 

■■ Yours Truly," trite, commonplace, as 
devoid of meaning as two vfords can be. yet 
holds the lead in favor, to an extent not to 
be wondered at in business letters, but snme- 
thing surprising in letters of friendship. 
" Very Respectfully " and ■■ Yours Respect- 
fully "are suitiibic when the person to re- 
ceive the letter is much older than the 
sender or by reuson of his position deserves 
some marked expression of deference, but 
the phrases are too often used without re- 
gard to their significance. 

" Yours, etc.," seems a half-hearted, lazy 
sort of signature ; a zig-zag line would mean 
as much and be easier to make. It has not 
even the slight merit of "In Hasle " or 
" Hastily," which at least serve as an apol- 

ogy for bad writing. As far ns simplicity 
goes. " Yours" is infinitely preferable, and. 
indeed, is the best way to say something 
without meaning anything — best because 
the shorter the useless formula the belter. — 
Robert Luce in Tlie Writer. 

Mistakes at the Post Office. 

Curious Superscriptions— Absent-Mtnded- 

" It would probably astonish you," re- 
marked a clerk in the granite building on 
Devonshire Street, to a reporter, "to see 
the large number and kind of mistakes 
made by the public when doing business 
with the post office. Every evening letters 
misdirected or without pcstage stamps nt- 

ing the day stopped. It could not be done. 
I told her. because the mail for the place 
she mentioned had closed and was gone. It 
seems that she had recently married, with- 
out her parents' knowledge, and during the 
absence of ber husband from town on busi- 
ness had written him a letter, and also one 
to her paternal parent. She placed them in 
envelopes, sealed and posted them Tlie 
same day. some bouts after, she thought 
that she bad placed her husband's letter in 
her father's envelope, and vice versa ; hence 
the tears. It is not an unusual thing for 
a man to throw in a checkbook or some 
valuable papers with his letters, and does 
not discover his loss for some time. It is 
interesting to observe the perplexed and 
anxious look upon his face as he makes in- 

It is hard to tell whether or not they will be 
asuccess. If they contain money orauything 
valuable they can be easily opened at the sides 
by a dishonest clerk and the contents ex- 
tracted without apparently injuring the 
cover. The only advantage they have over 
a postal card is the contents are not kuown 
to everybody who handles them." 

•■ How is the special delivery business at 
this office in number of letters delivered 1" 
was propounded by the reporter. 

' ■ Since the introduction of that f ystt m it 
has shown a steady fulling off. but it will 
probably boom up on October Jst next, when 
all kinds of matter, if the usual stamp is 
affixed, will come under Ihe rule. At pres- 
ent only first-class mail matter is delivered 
by special delivery." 


tached are thrown through the orifices in 
the panels. It seems that when some per- 
sons enters the post office they are bewil- 
dered, and suffer a partial eclipse of their 
senses, and do things that they would not 
do in other places. Letters innumerable, 
from some of the largest business bouses in 
this city, are received here without the 
necessary postage affixed. This shows the 
mistake is to be attributed to carelessness, 
not to ignorance." 

"What is done with such letters?" 
queried the reporter. 

" The senders, if their card is printed or 
written on the letters, are notified ; other- 
wise the matter is sent to the dead letter 
office at Washington to be disposed of 

" I have DO doubt you witness many inci- 
dents humorous as well as pathetic, do you 
not ?" observed the reporter. 

" Yes, the post office is a great place to 

with all sor'ji of characters. Only theother 
evening a young woman, crying piteously. 
approached .he window, and, in answer tc 
an inter rogatory as to the nature of her 
business, replied that she would like to 
have two letters that she had posted dur- 

quires for his lost property, and the re- 
lieved and pleased expression that suc- 
ceeds it as he gains possession of the lost 

"Then." resumed the speaker, after a 
sho''t pause, " there are some persons who 
neatly and firmly place a stamp upon a let- 
ter and then throw it in, utterly devoid of 
direction. Thegreat army of phonetic spell- 
ers come to the front and create havoc with 
such names as Philadelphia, Jamaica Plain, 
etc , and make of the poetical Indian names 
something terrible and hardly recognizable. 
Fertile ingenuity has a great field to operate 
upon when superscribing the addrcBB. Some 
directions are gotten up in the form of 
rebuses and enigmas. Milk Street is some- 
times called street of the lacteal fluid, whi'c 
Cross, Temple. Franklin and other streets 
are easily represented." 

"How does the new envelope, the flap- 
covered postal card, or whatever it is seem 
to take with the public," asked the re- 

" It is too early yet to say whether they 
will be successful or not. The majority of 
the uses of this latest idea show a lament- 
able ignorance in folding it. They are folded 
in shapes never designed by the inventor. 

The reporter was shown a collection of 
curious addresses copied by this clerk into 
a book. Some were very remarkable. One 
was addressed like the following : 

nEF.LED. 25c. ; boled, 75c. ^ 

Dover Street, Doslou, Mass. 

This letter was delivered to a shoemaker 
on Dover Street who had over his shop 
door a sign with the above legend upon it. 

—The great pyramid has 85.000.000 cubic 
feet, the great wall of China fi,;i50. 000.000 
cubic feet. An engineer in Seward's parly 
there some years ago gave it as his opinion 
that f he cost of this wall, figuring labor at the 
same rate, would more than equal that of all 
the 100,000 miles of railroad in the United 

— The public land Is not all gone yet. 
There are still 9,000,000 acres in Colorado, 
12.000,000 in Arizona. 30,000,000 in Cali- 
fornia, 49,000.000 in Dakota, 7.000.000 in 
Florida. 44,000.000 in Idaho. 7.000.000 in 
Minnesota. 41.000,010 in Utah. k'0,OCO,OCO 
in Washingtcm. and millions of acres in 
other States and Territories, while Alaska 
has fertile fields that have hardly beiu 

Ais r JonKNAi. 

Our Dyspeptic Correspondent 
Still on Deck, but Sobered. 

To tlif Editor of the Penman't Art Journal. 
,SVr;— A copy of GaxkfU'ti }f(tgazine has 
been placi'd in my hands, from which I 
diacoTcr tliat the editor is quite moved cun 
ceming my hints on the proper use of Eng- 
lish. I cannot see why he should assume 
the championship for tbnt small class of 
transgressors whom I desired to benefit. 
Surely he has nothing in common with 
them, and besides, as a public instructor 
and a good penman, be ought to join me in 
putting down an evil, if it be an evil. But 
possibly it is not. Possibly I am wrong, 
after all. and the editor is right. 

I don't quite like his designation of my 
article as "putrid gush of a green eyed 
grumbler." There is an alliterative beauty 
about it, to be sure, as there is about most 
that this eminent litterakur gets off, but it 
isn't true. In the first place my gush was 
not "putrid," and then. I am not 
" green-eyed." I am simply an honest del- 
ver for the true and beautiful in literature 
find art. I may be wholly in fault as to my 
ideals, but I have never intended to blow 
my "putrid breath in the public's face," 
nor to " point with loathsome finger to the 
freckles on another ; " nor am I " a double- 
tongued leper," that "spreads fetid satire 
like a sick whale" whenever I see "an 
ancient idea in a modern word-cloak." I 
may have "an over-scrupulous mind," but 
I am not all these bad things. I confess I 
have "been studying different models from 
those presented in Oaskell. as above indi- 
cated, but I may have gone wrong. I am 
sorry to have left "McGiiffey's First 
Reader " out of my early and late training, 
and I may have suffered from a too great 
familiarity with the more crisp and senten- 
tious English authors. I am sorry if I have 
made a mistake, and am willing to be 
instructed, even by Bill Nye and his some- 
what attenuated followers. 

I used to think tbat General Grant's im- 
mortal sentence; "" I propose to move imme- 
diately upon your works," could not be 
improved upon ; but I see now how mis- 
taken I have been. I am afraid the General 
had too much to do with McGuffey's First 
Reader when a boy. See what an opportu- 
nity was lost. With a knowledge of the 
new style fostered by the penman's papers, 
lie could have said : 

"If, in the brief space of twenty- 
five consecutive advances of the minute 
hand of ray gold -encased chronometer, 
you do not seek to penetrate the azure 
depths of the arched canopy with heart- 
freighted petitions for heavenly guidance 
towards a peaceful surrender, I propose to 
]>roject upon the tympanum of your auricu- 
lar appendage the detonating reverberations 
of the loud-belching death-dealers of grim- 
visaged war, and to hustle you out of your 
barricaded strongholds like a bevy of 
frowz'le-headed school urchins, panting to 
escape the venomous fangs of a superannu- 
ated and carniverous bull dog." 

And then, again: " I will fight it out on 
this line if it lakes all summer." How 
much better had he said, in the modern 
style : 

" Whatever mental hallucinations may 
seize upon and overpower the weakly-dis 
tilled essence of iuiellectnal haberdashery 
that meanders through the brain-cells of 
the uninteresting military neophyie, I pro- 
pose, as the unapproachable commander of 
the armies, to follow the sublime concep- 
tions of my own indomitable event per- 
suader, and embellish the gory annals of 
history with tbe ruddy picture of ensan- 
guinea battle, \vae;ed for conquest and giory 
and the exaltation of tbe stripes and stars, 
along the devious ways of the trackless 
wilderness, even should tbe hazardous ad- 
ventures prolong its devastating ravages 
into the coming summer months, and brin" 
us, with our task yet unfulfilled, into thT 
brown and hazy atmosphere of enpurpled 

General Grant could fight, but it is quite 
evident that he couldn't write. ITe was 
born a little too early and died a little too 

I am ft young man. thank God, and will- 
ing to learn. I never hope to toiicb the 
sublime heights reached by tbe Ink-slingers 
of the boundless West, but I withdraw my 
protest. Let 'em rip. 
One Wno Dm Sdfper, But Don't Now. 

Writing is a luj-iirj/ with Aims' Bfat Pen. 


—Toe Jocrsal is pained to learn of the deatb of 
Mr. C. K. Carhart, late of ilie firm of Caniell A 
Carhart, proprietors of (he Albany Business Col- 
lege. Mr. Carhurt's death occurred very unex- 
pectedly, at his home, on November 28. The 
dcoeas^l was in the prime and vigor of ynung 
manhood, and was justly considered one of the 
most aoi^omplished and promising members of the 
busliie:-s culLtge fraternity. The Albany Collene 
will hereafter be conducted by the surviving part- 
ner, Mr. J. I{. Camell, who has taken po&session of 
elaborate new quarters in College Place. 

— E. M. Chanier, tho well-known penman and 
teacher has opened a commercial school at Peris. 
Tex . known as the Texat Business College. Short- 
hand and penmanship are made specialties in this 
institution, which ought to flourish with sucli an 
able teacher. 

—Very unique ailverllstng literature comes from 
the Marlon. O . Normal Commercial Instil ute, of 
which A. W. Yale U the president. 

— W. L. Long, a very accomplished youn^ pen- 
man, as attested by various plain and ornamental 
specimens submitted to us. fs open to an engage- 
ment as tuaober, He is au oM pupil of Professors 
Mu strlman and ScboBeld, and his address Is 
Quincy, 111. 

Always bright, entertaining and instr 
Companion for tbe coming year offers 
superlorto those ever before set forth by a periodi- 
Cdl for young people. 

—The daily papers of New Toik City a short 
time since contained accounts of an appeal for aid 
to Mayor Hewitt, by Oliver B, Goldsmith, the 
veteran penman, who, in the seventy-third year of 
his age, finds himself in very straightened circum- 

—The Little Rock, Ark., Commercial College has 
secured the services of J. A. Willis, of New York 
State, as a member of its faculty Mr. Willis Is 
highly recommended both as an artist and teacher. 

—We find much to admire in the matter and 
method of the annual catalogue issued by the 
Lincoln Business College, Lincoln, Neb., of wbioh 
those veteran penmen and teachers. D. R. LtUi- 
bridge and F. F. Roose, are proprietors and prinoi- 

— Messrs. S. A. D. Hahn and G. W. Walters have 
joined forces and are conducting a commercial 
school at Utflena, Montana, known as the Montana 
Business College. Mr. Hahn Is ao old band at the 
business and bis reputation is of tbe best. Mr. 
Walters is a young man, full of vigor and promise, 
and we have no doubt that the new institution 

—A notable occasion was the annual reception 
and banquet of the association of graduates of 
tbe ispencerian Business College, Washington, 
D. C.beld on Tuesday evening, December S7tb. 
An entertaining programme was carried out. 

—A very eleganlly engraved Christmas card 
comes to us with the compliments of J'rofessor 
Henry T. Loomis, Spencerian Business College, 
Cleveland, O. A like memento with the compli- 
ments of the season comes from Cleary's Business 

—The Sacramento, Cal . Business College has 
added to its list of teachers Mr. .1. Mort Smith, late 
of Pennsylvania, whoso illustrated lesson on 
writing, printed in Tub Joubnai, a short time 
since, will be readily recalled by its many readers. 

—Mr. T. P. Stowell, proprietor of the B. & S. 
Business College. Providence, R. I,, was presented 
by the pupils ot that institution on Christmas with 
a very handsume pair of French bronze mantel 

, alsi 



iipal, received a fine sil 
muunicd umbrella. All the other teachers \ 
the recipients of suitable presents, Mr. E. L, 
nett, of the Penmanship Depunment, being n 
happy with u diamond scarf-pin. 


oi great credit o 
-W. Chill 

Sandy 1 

ork from P. A. 
imes W. Verex, 
Ural City. Dak.. 

* of artistic work, also cards which t 

I some very good 
I J. Olson, Cum- 
. Ohiii, submits a 

City Commercial College. Des Mi 
—A photograph of a very creditable pli 

-- --- Coourod & Smith, 

.'^tcoinsoo, Kan., Bnainees College. 

Ames' Best Pen has already become a prime 
favorite and is eagerly sought both for expert 
and practical business work. It is the best to 
he had. Price 35 cents a quarter-gross box. 

Western Penman's Association. 

Second Annual Meeting nt Crdar lEapids. 

Monday afternoon found President Chap- 
man and a large number of the piofession on 
hand ready for the anticipated convention. 
At 7:30 P. M. the President called the mem- 
bers to order and tbe preliminary business 
was disposed of. 

Tuesday morning the enrollment was per- 
fected, showing a total of nearly one hun- 
dretf in attendance. Tbe regular pro- 
gramme was then taken up, and a most inter- 
esting and instructive lesson given by Prof. 
I. W. Pierson, of Burlington, la. This les- 
son struck the keynote, and the convention 
euieredupon its work with an enthusiasm 
exceeding that of any sim'lar meeting ever 
held. During the general discussions it was 
have fl' 

asking for the fioor. President Chapman 
was often placed in very trying posilions, 
but his rulings gave perfect satisfaction. 
The balance of the programme was carried 
out for the day, and in the evening a most 
delightful entertainment was tendered tbe 
Association by Messrs. Goodyear & Palmer. 
The programme of the evening Included an 
address of welcome by ^Ir. Brigbam. editor 
of the RfpubUcan. and a response by Mr. 
Chapman, President of tbe Convention. 
Both of tbesc addresses were listened to with 
unabated interest, each receiving hearty ap- 
plause. The programme as outlined in the last 
issue of TnE Jouunal, was carried out with 
a few minor changes. Harmony and enthu- 
siasm characterized the entire proceedings, 
and it is within bounds to say that a more 
successful penman's convention was never 
convened on this continent. 

Friday afternoon the election of officers 
resulted in tbe choice of C. C. Curtis, of 
Minneapolis, Minn., President; C. H. Peirce. 
of Keokuk, la,. Vice President ; A. N. Pal- 
mer, Cedar Rapids, la.. Secretary; D. W, 
HofF, Des Moines, la.. Assistant Secretary ; 
G. R. Ratubun. Omaha, Neb., Treasurer. 
Tbe Executive Committee consists of B. C. 
Woods, Davenport, la. ; C. N. Crandle, 
Di.xon, III., and W. J. Kinsley, Shenan- 
doah, la. 

The next place of meeting will be at Da- 
venport, lu., with Messrs. Wood & Van 

Taking all things together, the second 
annual meeting of the Western Penman's 
Association exceeded Ihat of the first, and 
everybody went away rejoicing and fully 
determined to attend next year and bring 

space to the Convention in tb: 
report comes as the paper is being prepared 
for press. It takes occasion, however, to 
congratulate tbe oflicersand membersof the 
Association upon their very agreeable and 
successful meeting, and to commend in the 
most unreserved mannerthe important work 
they are doing. 

Souvenir of Barnes' Penman- 

Tbebandsomestproductof apresswehave 
had the pleasure of seeing in a very long 
time comes to us in the shape of a Souvenir 
of Barnes' National System of Penmanship. 
It has forty pages with a superb cover em- 
bossed and printed in gilt. But the glory of 
the souvenir is within, where are presented 
engraved /ac-«'mife commendations of the 
Barnes* Sysiem of Penmanship by a number 
of America's leading penmen. The list in- 
cludes such well-known professional experts 
as W. R. Glen, H. W. FHekinger. A. H. 
Hiuman. D. B. Williams. W. W. Bennett, 
E M. Iluntsinger. C. V. Whitmarsh. E, M. 
Zimtnerman. B. II. Spencer, T. P. Basaett, 
M. B. Moore, E. R. Reeves, C. E. McKec, 
H. J. Putnam, R. S. Collins, II.. I. William- 
son. E L. Wiley, C. H. Havens, G, E. Net- 
tlet.ui, A. P. Root, A. D. Skeels. E. B. Law- 
rence. D. A. Griffitts, W. G. Christie. J. M. 
Hnrkins, M. J. Goldsmith, I. S Preston, H. 
R. Vincent, W. I). F. Brown. Joseph Foel- 
ler. .Jr.. I. H. Elliott, W. J. Kinsley, H. C. 
Weidler, J. C. Kane, A. E. Peck, E. L. 
Hall, C. M. Robinson and Fielding Sebo- 
ficld, whose portrait and pen-work are 
shown in this issue of The .loiinNAL. Truly 
a bright galaxy of penmanship stars ! 

The letter press of the souvenir is unex- 
ceptionable, and its method of presenting 
the claims of the system altogether admira- 
ble. In fact, the work may be called a 
stroke of genius on tbe part of its designer, 
Mr. J. Marshall Hawkes, who is at the head 
of this department in the great publishing 
house of A, S. Barnes & Co. The produc 
tion of the souvenir involves a cost of several 
thousand dollars. It is valuable as a speci- 
men book, and forlnnate indeed Uie penman 




Awarded the only Gold Uedal. 

The Hammond Typewriter Co., 

75 and 77 Nassau St., N. Y. 


Five Moil' Pliifcs i>f 

Kibbe's Alphabets. 

No. 2,1. BapicI German Text. 
Made with a broad pointed pflu, Krac«fiil and 
easy to execute. Tlio best style of lettering known 
for engrossing names ondlpkimaa, cards, etc. 

No. 24. Rounded Gothic. 

A white faced letter, with dark background and 
flowers. Rlaborate and suited to cobtly engross- 
ing. Two styles of finish shown. 

No. 35. Artistic Kiistio. 

■apid, and the most artistic 
Dg yet produced. Mimey re- 
turned to anyiine who will say tliat this plaie is 

lettering yet produced, 
worth the' price of the five. 

For neatness and artlstlo effect, combined with 
ea e and rapidity of exetuiion, this alphabet leads 
the world. Count thts egotistic If you like after 
having examined tbe letters. 

No. 37. Scrolling Letters- 
Two styles of scrolls witli appropriate lettering 
nnd oraamenta'ion. Very art Utio, and If we mis- 
take not, will please admirers of pen-work. 
Single No. 10c. The five Nos. 25o. 

Instruction by Mail. 

Business "Writing. 
A Complete Course of Twenty-six Lessons in 
Business Writiiit. Including all letters, figures and 
exercises fresh from the pen. wlih printed instruc- 
tions, written for each lesson and explanation of 
the forearm movement and position, with illustra- 

^ of Twelve Lesi 

eluding Principles. Birds, Eagle, Swan and pur 

for practice, fresh from the pan, with printed 1..- 

structions and position for holding pen Illustrated 

verbal satisfartion. One-fimrth u — 

gross. 85c. Two gross, $1 50. Address, 


Penman Sioux Falls' Business College. 

a»f500**"y« a half-ii 

a well-estab- 
iished BUSINESS COLLEGE ina boom- 
ing lily of over one hundred thousand inhabi- 

Commercial Law 

leges and Commercial Uepartmeiiti. 
Sample Copies will be sent to tt&i 
Addresc orders and correspondf O' 


I Albaoj", N. T. 



mI'/.::;;, "" m ;;;"". 

1 f'>r Free Circular 

'''p,.«,.t'ifVl".S| Un^m . 

r Aiitomiitlo Pen-work, 


Look Box 34. 

-VirANTRO Iminedittlf 
keef lag in nil Its' forms. 

y. teacher to take oharne 
lege, Mu^^t be nble to 
r, penDiHM-'hipaud book- 
Penmanjliip must be Al. 

AddrcBS Come 

nerciEiI College, 


Journal Office. 

SHORTHAND >h"?"Biiiy laueht 
— ^1^,^ ^1 1,,,;;;^ '""°° 

CYCLOSTYLES, ''cl'^Xr'LJitt'V 
AL fGR A PHSr ^"; f^] ^Ki'^iNG 

Send (or circ's. W. G. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N. Y. 

The Journal Teachers' Bureau 

Do You IVisli Einploynient? 

Attention is called to the JooitWALa Employ 
mi-Til lUireiiii f<ir Teachers of Penmanship and 

(■ IN. r. i.lI 111 .ii.'ln^-;. The registration fee will 

In: . iiilinglhecoatof forwardine 

Irii. '. I . ' . I ii.ii';.'ed alike to those seeking, 
i.-,L. 1,. i~ ;ih.i |...- in., IIS. The plan la to keep a list 
ot tlioso (tesirinf; employment and tho^e in need of 
the services ot a teat^her and to eBtabllsb a line of 
communication between them. 

The JounNAL wUI advertise all applications for 
placo r.r s.'rvi'-p, wlili »iuch essential details as the 
i.i'i;.. '1. ]ii.n -^w <■ ./!■(( qf cost. In all ca^cB where 
siji'i ,11 hi 1 1 i-iiii; I- ik'sired, giving the name ett. 
i..f .ii.j.ii.-irit, 1 1 -lii.ii r:iii'S Will bechaigcd 

Till.' JiJins u liu- iitttid hundreds ot teacliers to 
good-p^ylnt; pi)8UJi>n^, and will now prosecute this 
work with greater vigor than ever. 

There are always good teachers to bo had and 
good positions to be filled. What you want 1b to 
know bow to pair the teacher atid the place. The 
JounNAt. can help you, aTid (2.50 pays the entire 

Core munications strictly conGdeutial. 


In joInlDg the Bureau, desf^ribe briefly and accu- 
rately what you want. This will greatly facilitate 

When you get a teaoher or a situation, as the case 
may be, notify us at once. 

Positively no name entered until the fee of t2.50 
is paid. We charge no commltll m on ttdat la. 

Join now. The taHy boy gtU tfu Mgge/t i)lunu. 

By Dvr,New liSJl1f£ Pi\aCE5; *■ 


Tinted Block Alribabol. 
Uatr Line Board Alphabet, 
Emrros.tlQK Itttokhtind Alphabet, 
Examples of Card Writing. 


a Alphabet. 

Engrossing Hand Alphabet. 

Granite Alphabet. 

Gothic Alpnabet. 

Rapid UuMjular Writing Alphabet. 

Rapid Old BngliBh Text Alphabet. 

Rapid Working Alphabet. 

., 't Alphabet. 

(Script AJpbal 

Also eight styles of Borders. 
Ladles', ur Card Hand Alphabet. 
Foliage Letter Alphabet. 

Irregular Gothio. 
Semi-Text Rustic 

Price ol complete ; 


I A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method by 
£. C. ATKINSON, Principal of Sacremento Busi- 
ness College, Sacremento, Cal. By mail, SO cents. 
Address as above. 8-1* 

Instructions Given in Pentnanship. 

luship wifl be given by mail for SS.OO cash 

t'ou can receive just as good instruction, ma 
it as rapid Improvement at your homes as at 
itituie of Penmanship or Busini-ss CoUege. V 
II save railroiid fare, board bills and an exp' 
e tuition, and have the privilene of hoing 

;h and complete 
givinc cannot be obta' 
lUed States for three 
By taking this course you can In a short 
by home praotioe, become a very skfllful 
_jn. and with verv small expense, Each les- 
Is piecuted with 

his principal 
I avoid making tne 
eieKantly written conies for practice. Afti 
tiling for a time, tbe student sends me nis oest 
efforts, which 1 orllicise and at the same time send 

reaches the top round, 
insandi of yonnsn 
who fall to obtain ; 

...^.^ nt of a poor hand 

By giving the subject a little 
' taking a tew lessons 
rouble could be easily 

by mail. I 

those who have^tried It, 

„ portrait is i" 

formerly of Charlottett 

in a large Bteamship office 

be ohtained anywhei 

tj'harger By lakii 
time, by hor- - 
penman, and 

son Is i-xecut(.„ 

is carefully examined and a 

him jnst how to avoid "making them, with 

-■-ttt^.n conies for prar 

9, tbe student 
ilicise and at tne same tie 
mother lesson. In this way he is carried 
itep until he reaches the tc 
There are thonsand-i of 

simply Ol 

and taMng a tew lesson; 

man this trouble could be easll, . _ 

tore. I urae all who wish to obuin a good band- 
wriiing to try my course by mail. I nave t 

«-iiiinn> to do their nart as well as I did mine, 
■ecommendation ot Ibi 
hose who ha 
following portrait is that of Mr. 

' tf rimrlottetown. N. S.. UL . ,— ,--^ 
York city 

of the flnesl 

. lie . ■ " ' 

Read what bt 

and he acquired it 


just received and like all preceding ones '\* fin 
every respect. 1 shall cordially recommend 

to all who wish *" ■r„ni-.Mia thmr Ti0nTnan.<hin i 

a their penmanthip a 

ful pince i.f poetrv, wrlt- 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 

Syracuse, N. T. 
For S3.60 I will send 1^ sets of copies with IR 

practice I 

lality of linen 

etylen and 

combinations, making beautiful signatures. 

ritf atykv Many people could write their name 
muL-h better by having such copies as these to 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 


The Hand Book ofVolapuk. 


Memberof the Academy uf Vol ipUk— President of the Insi 

Oiievot., I'iniOf I'iS pft. lleavff paper abound. Price, postage pa hi, $1. 


Tiiis work, iu tbe preparation nf whUli neither labor nor expense has been spared, 
comprises : 

1. An introduction explaining the Purposes, Origin and History of Volapilk and of 
the VoIapUk movement. 

2. A grammatical exposition of tbe structure of tbe language. 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, tbe selection of radica's and the formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by suffixes. 

5. " Spodam ;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. "Lilildam;" Reading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, Volap(\kEuglisb, and English- Vol apl\k. 

In addition there is a portrait of Schleyer, with extracts from his writings ; a siate- 
nicnt in VolapUk of the changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key to the 
exercises for correcting home work. 


Tbe only American periodical devoted in whole or in part lo the new international 
language is The OftifC. 

In It the department entitled *' Volasportcl," contains progressive lessons in 
\ o'apttk with special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies lO cents each. 

For circulars of the Hand Book of VolapUk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place. New York. 


preference in the opinions of 

itelllgent people even thouEh costing 

first. If you prepare a dubign or 

G. BIXLER, ^'" a*nrF;^'^e^;ir,"£?h5;l, "'^" WOOSTER, OHIO. 



The copies are elentantly engraved on <iiii)i),?r, prliiT^il fmm stone on the finest kind of very heavy 
plate paper. All copies new; no re-htu-li l i. m «. ' ■.: i-mis: 

Part one contal: 
the case and tbe others kept clean, i 

This ia the roost complete and c 
a work of this kind. It does not simi 
all the hard points. 

Professor G. W. Wallace, Per 
//(-• mu>icuiar moretn^nf U laku the Uwl 
delighted with ti, and every one 1-t .' 
simple, accurate and practical, and » 

Collect all 

thinitiif thlsk 

< Uon Book" ever given in connection with 
: < r the difficult things in writing but explains 

Commercial College : " At an trpontnt qf 

• •[ it have expressed themselves as perfectly 

K'^'n somuL'h fur so little. Tbe copies are 

praciiuai, ana *■• ir ii be used to advantage either with or witb- 

if a teacher. My i- i r' Series of Less>-n<t'tsibat I am ubiog It." 

"CompendSums •■■r a copy of the "LessouH," and compare. 

'ork U not better urrunged, li i- ' ' , i, n. . .u.iiity of work^ printing, paper, etc., and 
give more for the money than any similiir wurk published, we Will refund the money and pay 
' 1, providinjr it be returned in good (.oudition. It generally conceded to be the best 

r publlphed. 

I neat and substantial case to any address in the world for 

stamps nut taken. 
Address either of the phues named below that U nearer to you : 


). nox 186, HINNEAPULIS, MINN. P. O. Box 787, SHENANDOAH. IOWA. 

13-12 ' Mention Tue Joduxai,. 


They are the smoothest niiining, the most elastic 
nd tbe most durable Bt«el peas ever put on tbe 

Thousands of the most flattering testimonials of 

up III naDOSome quartereroBS boxes. Forty 
for single box. postpaid, or four boxes for 
In boxfS of one cross each. $100 per box. 
iL Discounts on larger quantities to book- 
I and writing teachers. 


•, fret 

no sales miide of less quiinlity 

gross boxes. Every render of T'le An 

who has not tried iliese jtens can have a 





spirit of I 

The MAi.A/.iNE i 

features which raaHe U stiine with 
Uncy In the spheres of literature. 

Penman-hip Department, conducted by Prof 
■ " ■ jrough. Shorthand is ably Irea 
D. Bridge, of Chuutauqua Uni 


Penman-hip Department, ci j . 

J- Scarborough. Shorthand is ably treated by 
Prof, W. D. Bridge, of Chauta " ' 

Price only $1 per year, ijampl 

"/ddress, THE 


Chicago. III. 


SubscrlptioL price, 30o. per year. Single 
H. C. CLAKK, Proprietor. 



Price 15c. "riiln.graphiu Editors." 10«-, " Pei 

Stroke.-* " sent f rpL" to aliwho order the "GuH.'' 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

with Copy Slips on an Entirely New Plan. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips. 
860.; Practice Book, lOc; Prize Specimen, lOc; 
Specimen of Ornamenlul Penmanship direct from 
the Pen. acc; Guide. Prize Specimen and Orna- 
mental Specimen, 50c. Address 


^\h East State Street. 

Charles Rollinson, 

for the past UyearswithD, T. AwEfi. 





DIPLOMAS poll Sciioo 


Evory style of Anisl 

, -_■ 






No. 138. 

Expressly adapted for professional nse and orna- 
mental penniunship. 

All of Standard and Superior Quality. 





indelibly markInK faousehoJd fabrics 

r preparation needed. The eagles 


tbe market and no fault found, 
for it. It is the best. Take no 
other. Or. send 25 cents for It to 


" Question Books w 

iphy. Grammar and Arithmetic, 

iprislng U, 8, Hl3t*>ry. 


1 practical questloi 
I positively tbe only questioi 

) complete ( 

r reviewing pupils 


" 1001 Questions with Answers on AKITHME- 
riC," IncludUifr nearly SOO test examples wltb an- 
swers and solutions. Besides treating thorouffhly 
the entire scope of Arithmetic, this book eontAina 
from 10 to 30 test examples 
tloos under each f " " "" 
In the appendi] 

under each subject. 
e appendix ' " "" 
questions with i 

_ . BoIutiooD being p 
book there are over 

s and Holu- 

_. Jl Questions n „„ .„ 

with copious Illustrations, parsing and analysis. 
The numerous Illustrations, false syntax with 
and the parsing of dlflflcult words. 

. . rth twice the I 

The "1001 Questions' 

illustrations, false syntax with 

— a the parsing of dlflflcult i 

alone worth twice the price of the book, 

X)l Questions with Answers on U. S. i 
Including the Federal Constltntlon 


"lOOI Questions with Answers on OEOORj 
PHY/'embracing Descriptive. Phyaical and MatI; 
raatlcal Qeotrraphy. The descriptive questions a 
asked on each grand division separately, thus e 
abllngthe student to refresh his mind on any pi 
tioular country without reading over the entl 

1 and mailed to any address at 

) Broadway, New York 


"Worth all others together."~^m«i>. 

I for price. Correspondence solicited. 


Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

For student<i. schools, and accountania, It gives 
the most practical forms for the capital and small 
script alphabetjj: also the flgnres ; thus keeping 

esent and convenient before the writer 

forms for writing. This ruler Is 16 Inches 

;orrect f 
n length 

It Is invaluable to all who are seeking to improve 


" Broadway. New York 

BARNUM & CO., No. 20 X. Will 

furniture, fixtures, < 
•GOO buys half-lntereat 




Revised Editit 


.iVll the good In the old Issue is retained and put 
In better shape, while new matter has been added 
sufficient to embody the latest and best ideas. 
Typographically, the new issue Is a model of neat- 

is purely a 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mail. The best system and thorough 
instruction. Send stamp for pamphlet and speci- 
men of writing. 

S-12 Teacher of Shorthand. r-itlsburK. Pa. 



ed with the view of develoj 
: CAPACITV uf the stiidei 
are given, but much is lefi 


embodying the entire work has been prepared 
which will enable ANV teacher to readily tiandle 

If you want to Increase the Efficiency of your 

School ; 
If you want to hold the Inlerest of your Students 

In their Work ; 
If you want to Teach the Latest and Best Ideas; 
If you want to give your Students plenty to do 
Vou should by all means adopt this new Revised 
your text book. 
Retail F 

rice. UIgh-Schc 
Schools and Dvi 
>1 Editioii, 

ir for one copy v 

Madison street, Chicago, 

5 no position. Send stamp for trial lesson. la- 


W, W. OSOOODBt, Pabllsher, 2oolie»tflr, H. T. 


irmer salaries. Book and instruction 
I mail to master it, 90. Book, SI. 
' 1.000 graduates. D. L, Scott-Browne, 
Instructor, 261 West Hth St.. New 


ITELL & HICKCOX'8 School of Shorthand. 
'! School St.. Boston, is the leading Aman- 

stenographlo business education can be obtained. 


A neat box containing com- 
[etc outfit for Shorlhand 
I books, pencils, pens, rubber 
will be eent. postpaid, or ex- 
any part of the United States 

805 Broadway. New York. 



""■^T" OTHER ^^AKES 






We want good, active, reliable agents In every 
part of the United States and Canada not at present 
occupied by our agents, to take subscriptions for 

and our other publications. We have agents who 
send U9 hundreds of subscriptions every year, 
without going outside of their Immediate neigh- 
borhood. Upon the liberal commissions we offer 
this is a money-maklog business. Write at onoe, 
03 we will close with the first reliable parties who 

D. T. AMES. Editob and Propbietob, 

PIANO MARVEL. »o'rS,^pSS?^".s 

biuty I Power 1 : BvlUlantiy 1 1 1 Price 40o. ClroularB 
free. A.g*nU wanUd. A. R. Uoona, Troy, N. Y. 5-6 



On the SliBsissippi. about 


Pelrce's System of Penmanship- 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Membership In the Business Department is 

2d. A Membership in the Penmanship Depart- 
ment Is $.10.00. 

3d, The total expense is about one-half that of 
similar institutions In larger cities. 

4th. No vacations. Applications for admission 
can be made any day In tie year. 

5th. We guarantee tupsrior Instruction and ex- 
cellent results. 

Cth. Send tliree leiter stamps for Journal, olrou- 

7th. Peirce's Sysl4?ni of Penmanship, with Method 
of Instruction. RevUed, perfected, improved. The 
eleventh edition now iraUy. Sample copies sent 

6th, Jly Philosophical Treatise of Penmanship 

50 cents per vokuue. Remember, it Is the only 
bonk of its kind ever published ; containing seven 
hundred (700) ouestions and 700 answers, togethe- 
with Articles, Lr ^^...-.-. . ^. 

Chandler H. Peirce, 

kkokuk, iowa. 

) Penmanship, and covering 112 

"Tracing Exercises " with i 



including the new Magic Alphabet, capable o/ 
being written bv any one legibly five times as fast 
as ordinary writing, la mailed for JlOO, from the 
New York ofBce only. Address 

H. A.SPENCERi 11-t 

Spencerian Business College. %% Eut 11th St., H.Y. 

i,hip wri 


e interested In learning or teaching peu- 
lelhing valuable for you. 



1 freely Ink flows from my pen I will send you 
.. plain cards with your name written Insundry 
ways and a copy ol Ocukelta Magaitna for two 


I will send a »^slem of frcstily 





Business College, 

"07 to 713 Itrortd St.. Newark, N. J.. 

Trains Yoin 

■ Men, Boys. Middlc-aeed Men and 

Touns Ladles for a aucceaaful : 

, in i 

s Theory with 

Life. The Largpst and most popular School 
country. Course of study oomoines Theorj 
Practice, by a system of business transactions, 
based on real values. No Vacations. Rittes Low. 
Graduates assisted to situations. The Illustrated 
Catalogue and College J o'irnal_ mailed 




449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence, 

The First School of its kind in America. 

LARQEI.T Patronized and Hiohlt Endorsed, 
Studtnt* now rtgitttred frmn every Stat4 and 
Territory and nearly all Britith. American Provincft. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






' stamps for 


Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y., 

Does all kinds of Ornamental Pen Work, Memo- 
rials, Diplomas, Certlfioates. Resolutions, etc., en- 
^OT-sedln askllifnt and artlHllo manner. Corres- 
pondence solicited wtlh parties having enerosslne 
to bo done. Pieces of nourishing fresh from the 
pen, 10 cents. 3 for 25 cents. Large pieces 45 and 


_ jlN for 15c,: 9 Sets, $1.35; Vi 
. DESIGNS. $1. 

INK POWDERS and Directions, any color. 5 for 

AUTOMATIC PENS, Nos. to 5, 26c. each, 5 for 
$1. Nos. 6 and 8. 3fio. each. 

for $1, Stttmpa taken for amouni 

If not satisfactory, return work 
be refunded. 

Speoimeng lOe, Circulars free. 

less than $1. 

Do You Write Cards? 

Every penman who writes cards has found 
less trouble In gettioj; the name on 
writer he maybe. 
Oy which you can 

- - - , tne line without 

Ing the slightest trace of it. It is simple and 
penormed In an Instant. Price. 25o, No catch 
penny. Circulars free, Address, 

straight, DO tnatter bow good 
A mt:thod has been disc ~ 
rule otirds and Instantly 

Penman Rttner's College, St, Joseph, Mo, 



ea and CIrculnrs, lOc. 

S. W. Cor. Main and lOth Streets, 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 


Accurate and Reliable. Send stamp for a 


;:ircular. Machines sent on trial. 


St. Ixiuts, Mo. 


New York Agency. 23 Union SqCARS. 


become Expert at Figure9,-10,000 Sold. 

\n. ~'i|ii:i:iL. i..f our niaohlnes. 
Buy them with the PRIVILEGE OF RETURNI.NQ 
them unbroken at any time within 30 days C. O. D. 
for fuU price paid If not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
illustrated pamphlet and sample book of papers on 

330 Broadway, New York. 

Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washington St. 

Washington, Le Droit Building. 
Baltimore, 9 N. Charles St. 
Minneapolis, IZ Third St- 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis, 308 N. Sixth St 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St, 

Indianapolis, 84 E. Market St, 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
London, 100 Gracechurch St., corner 
Leadenhall. 6-12 

A -/-j^^-y.u 

"Williams' School of Penman- 
ship by Mail " 

is now one of the departments of Los Angeles 
Business College and English Training School. 

My school by mail is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for 85.00. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorough drill under our persona! 
instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 

I, Cal. 

Will send a Spei:inien of his best 


isecuted with the pen on bristol board, Mxl7 in 
'or a SI bill. 
Small designs glvln 




nd tliink strokes 

a black lines, Perm 

Specimens Free. 
Vllliam, Street, New York. 


e list descriptive of Lessond by Mall, Ex- 
ovemeots. Tracing Exercises. Capllals. 
urishing, «tc. Address, 
A. E, PARSONS, Wilton Junction, Iowa. 
o postal cards need apply, 3-ia 


I beautiful piece of poe 

ing subjects: Liive, Frie) 

, Confidence. Elegantly ^ 

either of the following subji 

with bird flourish 

memory of your departed friend. Written wl 
Acrostic on tbeir name, 60c. The monogram of the 
iMI capital letters as a premium with each order. 
U. S. Stamps taken. Address, 
6-12 J. G. ANDERSON, Falcon, Tenn. 

Your monogram of the 2£ capital letters is in 

should receive as many orders as your work merltf 

A', haacs. N. I. i 


ly you) 
\Uo. Jn, 

3. E. 

NaihTllle, Tton. 

e Non, 20 and 23, 


pleased i 

Written Cop\(i, togtiher with Inttniclion*, mailed 
er" The "M-Letson Course in FUmrithitig 

all frexh from the pen, with Instruction . Price. »8. 
E^ A Course b; " ' ' 

powders, BOc. Three 

A Full Course li. r 

^~ Sped fiient (if Writing. F/qurigAm 

Letson Course in FUmrUhitig 

,^ en, with Instrucl' " ' 

Course by Mall In Ai 

Penhian^ip at the V. I. Normal School, »8. 

Valparaiso, Ind. Mention Tbb Ji 


During the past two years several hundred 

chased one or both of i 

'elves not oiily highly 

qvality c f copies, 

\ embracing Exerclaea, 

I, Word and Sentence 

-s Forms, Letter Writing, Business 

apitals, Series each oi Muscular 

nd Wholt-arin Capital Exercises, Bnnlness and 

tial Combinations, eti'. ^T A' 

wt mv own ven. ^T Also 

series qf 

iety of Exercises and Designs, 

Ink in 

xceptionM. all 
only ■ ■ ■ ■ 

lonslsts of a multltudi 
,ilee, embracing Exercl— . 
,pitals. Word and Sentence 
. .rms. Letter Writing, Business 
Capitals, Series each oi Muscular 
" " " " ifses, BnxInesB and 
. ^t4.. ^AU copUs 
^ direct from my own pejL_ ^ Also exLHclt 
^ prmied Instruct' 
1* package, postpaid. /c 

js of a great 

free. Address. 




A Monthly Paper on Penmanship, Beautifully Illustrated. 

The "Western Penman" contains Lessons in Writing, Lettering, Flourishing 
and Pen Drawing. 


A new Work on Penmanship by A. N. PALMER, editor of the " Weste 
' " ■ ■ ■ of Fifty Lessons in Muscular Moven 

A well graded and complete course of offhand Flourishing. . 

Lessons in Pen Drawing by Prof. A. C. WEBB, Full-pi 
CRANDLE, FARLEY. MOORE, KIMMING. Bnd others, with Smalle 
Penmen. This book is worth a Five-Dollar till to any pe 

1 become a fine penman by studying t1 

'nting by Its author. 
ring, by Prof. H. W. 

•e Illustrations by KIBBE, WEBB. 
Iliustraiioris by other of tUe finest 
ion interested in penmanship. Any 
e price of the book is One Dollar, 

MENT WRitiN^, andacopy o/tho "Weoterii Penman'" one year. 


Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 


entirely new. devised for ruling the three necessary 
llel lines at once for ruling down Ledger Accounts Dollars 
Zents Columns, and saving twotbirds the usual time, be- 
, doing the work as perfectly as a machine. 
lIso In a moment (converted Into an Oblique Holder for 
rlshlng and shading, and the only perfect one in u^e, be- 

lon in a direct line wirh the axis of the holder, which over- 
tipping over tendency unavoidable In the ordinary 

PI.E " i" as sure to be indispensable to ever^ 

limes its cost eat h day in time and perfei 

oblique holdi-i 

Samples mailed for 

1 several 

I liberal I 

leges and schools wishing to adopt t: 



rapid and moat leglbl 

laghtbyMall. Simple, 
), The largest short-hand 
lularsfree. Address 


pole Ink Powder ma'— "■■ 

dowing, jet-black writing ink ii 

the best free- 

I and red powders, 

oenta, naming color 
1 sample which will 

surpassed for stylogranlilo am 
Ruling iu\3 and inks for blauk-bt 
a Bjiecia y WALPOLE DYE 
WOKICS. importers and raanufi 
description of Dyes and Chemici 



New Fl'-wir-i, ni'w i;iii;r.iviiig!« ; teems with floral 
bints E\er>Uudv dullKhlud. Tell all your friends. 
S'-ud now. U. W. PAItK, Fanoettsburg, Pa. 1-1 


oardstAo* Oirotilar 
$8. Press for small 
inewipaper 844. Send 2 
stamps for Llatpreaaei, 
tmt, oardst to factory. 
K«lM7 & C«. AI«rld»D, C'ODD. 





With Two Supplementary Books. 



systematize and teacli writing in accordance with the usages of the best 
writers in the business world. 

guishing features of " Spencers* New Standard Writing." It effect? a saving 
of from 15 to 35 per cent, in tlie labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway. New York. 

t approved 

This College furalBhee. at 
very beat business training. The 
embodiment of the lat«8t and 
methods yet attained by the best 
ness Colleges. 

It Is progressive and thorough It 
ments and departments. 

The methods for llluatrattng actual business In 
use In Business Practice Bepartmeitts, are 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These "Business Practice" Depart- 
ments alone, tn this Institution, contain a more 
complete course of training than the entire coarse 
in many Business Colleges that claim to be among 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as well as a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete Information, 
tend for " The Commercial World." 

the bead of the Profeaalon i 
as a Teacher of Ponmanship, 

hours dally to 

teaching. If yon desire t 
Penumn and Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives Els time to teaching. 
This School turns oat more finished penmen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments In tbe United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pen- 
manehlp Is Teacher»' Training, as well as tbe 
development of Pen Artists ; also Black- 

1 for ' 

> Commercial World." 


Eclectic School of Shorthand &, Typewriting. 

to plenn 

Send for our " PnONOGHAPUIC WORLD," 

eiit. Address all commuiilciitionB to 



A MasriiMlcciit Soov 

, Coiitaiiiiti? Fa< 

lile ludorseiiK'iits of this System by niniiy of Amvr 
of Pen 111 a II ship tiil Fiirtiier Notice. 

II he Sent Gratis to any Teaeher 


1st. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

ill Older to Iciuu tlie SysUiii. Only six books. 

2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, 

etc. The first complete system to present abbreviated forms, of capitals. 



1 t-tr?- 

3ti- — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and uo 

crowding or stretching to secure such results. 
4th. — Beautifully printed by Lithogi-iipliy! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 


Alisoluiety tinsuvpastted for Eltisticity, 
Smoothness, and Durabtliti/, 

Send 10 cents for unique card of difEer 
ent nnmbers. 

The only Jet Black Ink that will give 
satisfactiati to the teacher. 

Send 10 cents for sample bottle in neat 
box, by mail, post-paid. 

^^ C^L^^^^.^^^^^-^^ 

Y y^ (^ . ^ • ■ .;^ ^ 

icagD.IU. '■ 1^^^ i^yK^^A^-t 

5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such 

words as " zcngnia, urquesne, xylus, ten ifly, mimetic and xuthns." 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth more paper than in the books 

of any other scries — and tbe paper is tlie best ever used for copy-books. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering 

them very attractive to the pnpil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 

AN""7 si»EjCI:m:eit booic co:N'TAjEimTO- 



A.. S. B A.RNES & CO., Publishers, 


Published Monthly 
at 205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 per yeai 


Entered at the Post Office of f 

H Y,, as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


I Of Congretf. in thr ymr 1888. by Danibl T. Ames, in Iht O^Hcf of the Librai 

Vol. XII.— No. 2. 

Representative Penmen of 

liood II 


Tbere are few men who bave risen to so 
liigh a position in tbe ranks of commercial 
teachers and won so completely the general 
esti^em of the members of his profession as 
llie subject of this sketch, Mr E, M. Huot- 
siugor, of Packard's College, New York. 

Mr. Huntftinger was born at Valley View, 
Schuylkill County, Pa., in \So5. His 
father, a contractor and builder, a man of 
good judgment and sterling inlecrity, did 
much lo shape the character of his son 
Ihrough wise counsel and prudent manage- 
Early in young Iluntsingpr's boy- 
1 inMmacy sprang up between father 
and son, and to-day il is to !VTr. Huntsinger 
a source of inHnilesatisEaction that through 
love, honor and obedience he bad never re- 
ceived from his father a harsh word. 

licssons of industry, thrift and independ- 
ence were early taught, and the first finan- 
cial transaction occurred through being a 
good hoy and receiving a penny for taking 
a pill. Around this nucleus of capital pen- 
nies from grandparents and relatives gath- 
ered till ten dollars was realized. This the 
father borrowed, giving a note with interest, 
which accumulated with other savings to an 
amount sufflcieut at the age of sixteen to 
pay for a quarter's schooling at a private 

At about this time an incident occurred 
in the life of the young man which is worth 
relating. Early one stormy April morning 
liis father sent him eight miles distant to 
collect a bad debt, saying : " I wish you to 
go to Mr. G. and collect the $49 he has 
owed me for three years, as I have just 
learned that he has collected a considerable 



: be 

claimed to bave no money, but young Flunt- 
■Inger assured him that he bad come to 
stay till the bill was collected. This was at 
ten o'clock in the morning. At noon the 
request was repeated, and again ai 3 p. M. ; 
still the man professed to have no cash. At 
4:30 the request was again made, when the 
man yielded and paid tbe debt. So delighted 
was the youth that he ran nearly all tbe way 
home to bis father, who was overjoyed with 
pride at his son's victory. 

After tbe usual public school training, the 
young man. at the age of eighteen, attended 
tbe Sheppensburg Normal School and after- 
wards taught three terms in public schools. 
In 1876 he entered Flinman's Business Col- 
lege, taking a special course, assisting at the 
same time in teaching arithmetic. In 1877 
he engaged with Mr. Warner to teach in the 
Providence Bryant and Siratlon College, 
where be remained till the summer of 1884, 
when he accepted a position in Packard's 
New York College. 

Mr. Huntsinger is of a retiring disposition, 
yet cordial and true in his relations with all 
men. He is a great reader of practical 
books, a constant student, and in hours of 
leisure finds recreation and enjoyment in 
designing and shaping beautiful forms with 
the pen. As a teacher be is admired by his 
students, and so thorough in the details of 
his work that he often spends from twelve 
to fifteen hours per day in the interests of 
his pupils and employer. It is but just to 

say that his services and devotion are gener- 
ously recognized by Mr. Packard. 

At tbe age of tweuty-four he married a 
young lady of literary tastes, and their life 
at home and among friends is one con- 
stantly aiming at mutual improvement. 

Mr. Huntsinger is a member of Astor 
Lodge, No. 603, Free and Accepted Masons; 
also belongs to tbe Ancient Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite, Northern Jurisdiction, having re- 

The Copybook Question. 

A Writing Tr-noher and Author Critic! 

An inate desire to deal justly and love 
of mercy prompts me to a second considera- 

A copybook is a book in which copies 

ceived the various grades in tbe Lodge of 
Perfection, the Council Princes of Jerusa- 
lem, the Chapter of Rose Croix and the Con- 
sistory of New York City. Having known 
my subject intimately for over twelve years, 
it gives me pleasure to note the progress and 
standing of so worihy a member of ourpro- 

" When I was private secretary to Horace 
Greeley," said Daniel Frohman. "I at first 
had much trouble to make out his chiro- 
grapby. One day I ran across a sentence 
that was an extraordinary puzzler and I 
went to my chief for an explanation. 
Greeley looked at tbe sentence for a mo- 
ment through his glasses and then said, 
handing me back the copy : ' Wheu I wrote 
that, young man, God and I knew what it 
meant ; now, I'm afniid, only God knows.'" 

This is a good time to put in your fine 
work for TiteJoubnal. Try your hand 
this month. 

are written or printed for learners to imi- 

According to this definition a copybook, 
in its literal signification, does not imply a 
system of penmanship, while a system of 
penmanship not only implies written or 
printed copies, but instruction, which pro- 
perly applied, will lead to approximate re- 

The difference in name however has 
made no difference in the subject-matter, 
and so the consideration of copybooks will 
include as a rule the systems of penman- 

The latest and best systems and series of 
copybooks almost totally ignore any 
printed instructions and make no attempt 
whatever toward providing even an out- 
line of well defined methods, much less 
to give the proper directions which are ab- 
solutely necessary for the would-be teacher. 

The bone of contention is that the copy- 
book is not what it can be or should be to 
meet the exigencies of the case, and if, in 

the hands of competent teachers, i I cannot 
be used to advantage, what is to be said 
wheu in the hands of incompetent ones ? 

There are no provisions and no induce- 
ments for bettering tbe condition of (he 
would-be teacher, and the mere complaint 
of his incflUciency has failed to convert 

A bare copy is almost worthless. An un- 
graded copy is worthless. A miscellaneous 
ctpy, coupled with poor instruction, is a 
disgrace to civilization. While the systems 
imply some evidence of an order of sim- 
plicity for lower grades, there is nothing to 
show any application of movement to form 
for the more advanced, except, perhaps, a 
few movement exercise.^, improjjerly 
graded, and wiib no suggestionn as to their 
applicati'm. The presumption that the 
copies as they appear can be taught with 
any well-digested method, or executed by 
any pupil with the proper movement— with- 
out having that movement scientifically de- 
veloped—is simply preposterous. 

A copybook is a necessary evil, and 
must abide its growth and decay. 

My objections do not extend to written 
or printed copies, properly graded and ac- 
companied with oral or printed insiruc- 
tiouB ; nor can there be the least objection 
offered to a system of penmanship which 
covers the ground both as to matter and 

The debatable point is simply with the 
book of copies, with no instruction and no 
provision for any. 

Tlie ipiestion is not what shall we do with- 
out the copybook, but what shall we do 
with it to render it more effective under 

My objection 
not greater thai 
candle when it 

to it in its literal seuFc is 
I that for the taper or 
is possible to be in posses- 
elec'ric light. What the 
opybook has done and is doing in the ab- 
sence of a more potent influence is no argu- 
ment against an improvement which is con- 
ceded beyond a peradventurc by capable 
and comjietent connoisseurs. No objection 
can be offered against the " lallow-dip" or 
candle wheu nothing better is at hand. Yet 
there is room for censure iu their use when 
other and better means are within easy 

I have no desire to do without the copy- 
book, if it assumes a shape which will give 
increased interest and results. I simply 
deny its efficacy in practical results wirti 
its present status, and were I compelled to 
use il without any adulteration I would 
seek some other field of labor. 

I don't want any one to attempt lo leach 
writing without some system both as to 
forms employed and methods used ; and I 
know I voice the professional intelllgenee 
of our baud when I say that an engraved 
copy in the hands of the average learner 
with no oral or printed instructions cannot 
do more than the records already show. Is 
this enough? If not, what must be done? 
Improvement in the copies will not effect it. 
Let us accept the situation and advance 
where advancement is necessary and re- 
While the average teacher of writing 
might bave some hope of success with well- 
detioed methods at his commaud, he is 
plunging madly on and trusting to luck 
when he is simply provided with a copy too 
perfect to appreciate, with uo assistance to 

insure encouragement in tlic developmeot 
of a growtb. which, under favorable con- 
(litiuQS, is as sure as it isscicntific. 

It cannot he denied that the methods in 
the shape of printed analysis has proven 
practically worthless and been discarded. 
As a suhstitiite there is to be found a 
■■ writing staff "—containing the principles, 
small and capital letters— giving height and 
width of letters with an arrangement sup- 
posed to be in an order of simplicity, but 
the various reputed authors are so at vari- 
ance that the question of authority is some- 
what puzzling. 

To' the average person a copy is the 
essence of all that is necessary. A copy is 
the simple showing of a result, and a result 
without an exposition of the means and 
methods leading to its development is prac- 
tically worthless. A poor writer— which is 
equivalent to the avernge teacher — is incap- 
able of formulating a plan worthy a name, 
and so seeks through the sense of sight only 
to reach a result which requires adlitioual 
sense and senses. Our best arithmetics not 
only contain results in theshape of answers, 
but by means and methods supply suflicicnt 
material to meet the growing demands of 
our day, and yet with all, the teacher, the 
live teacher, the enthusiastic teacher is re- 
garded as an additional necessity to work 
any revolution. With all the available sup- 
port both iu author and teacher you will find 
numberless children from twelve and fifteen 
years of age who cannot work with accur- 
acy problems in Long Division. "Why 
then, should there be any expression of 
wonder when writing is not developed with 
both method and means almost entirely re- 

Who is better capable of providing the 
methods than the authors themselves ? 

Of course the teacher must be the means 
through which the methods are made effec- 
tive. The publishers must be on the qui 
rine, and our honorable and noble bodies 
who serve the public so faithfully and gra- 
tuitously must not be derelict in duty if a 
noble ambition is ever satisfied. 


SyBtem of Pen- 

mansh ip. 

There is no book used in the public 
schools— excepting arithmetics— which, if 
e.vcluded from the list of school supplies, 
would cause greater detriment to the chil- 
dren than the exclusion of properly 
arranged copybooks. 

No other textbooks have had more 
thought, experience, and growth in their 
composition than copybooks — not even 
readers— and they will continue to hold 
the field so long as graceful forms in writ- 
ing continue to please the eye and cultivate 
the taste. Beautiful copies educate the eye 
of the pupil, helping him to form correct 
ideals of the letters, They are silent moni- 
tors, transmitting the work of the best pen. 
men to hundreds of thousands of pupils in 
our public schools, and by their use in al 
most every school iu the land have revolu. 
lionized writing, giving to American pen- 
manship a truly characteristic style. 

The means and methods for securing 
approximate results have been and are of 
appreciable value, as the handwriting of 
thousands and tens of thousands of pupils 
graduating from our public schools every 
year will testify. Improvement in means 
and methods is as constantly going on in 
penmanship as in all other branches. The 
great body of intelligent teachers through 
out the country, with the educational 
facilities that they enjoy, are not the men 
and women to adhere to dead forms of 
teaching, or any forms that do not produce 
adequate results. As a professional teachCf 
of penmanship, I have found my best co- 
adjutors among the average teachers, on 
whose efforts depend the application and 
carrying out of the weekly lessons. 

While writing, undoubtedly, is not so 
well taught as it should he and will be by 
the average teacher in the future, these 
faithful workers are not as a body wholly 
incompetent to the task <if teaching writ- 
ing. It has never been required of them to 
be professiooala ; but they are able to write 
and have the ability to teach their pupils in 

this branch. It must be admitted that many 
indifferent writers are excellent ?fa/:^frji of 
writing. They have a high ideal of the 
work, they inspire their pupils with ear- 
nestness in their practice, and they reap cor- 
responding results. If unable to make 
beautiful forms themselves, they have defi- 
nite knowledge of the forms and of the 
necessary movements, etc., and can teach 
where they cannot e.\ecute. 

It has been my pleasure to meet many in- 
different writers— among school teachers — 
who could get their pupH« to far excel their 
intiiructorsm producing beautiful, graceful 
writing. The enthusiastic teacher is bound 
to succeed with writing, as with everything 
else. So much to the credit of our 

Since copybooks combine models, instruc- 
tion and application, they furnish belter 
assistauce to pupils, outside of a teacher, 
than any other text books. It would be 
possible for any boy or girl of ordinary 
capacity, outside of any school, with 
modern copybooks to practice in, to be- 

The question reduces itself to one of 
methods. What is best suited to the school- 
room of to-day ? That which produces the 
best results with the least expenditure of 
time and effort is the desideratum. 

Any system of penmanship that does not 
proeide for and Umsi upon movement exer- 
cises, is not up with advanced thought and 
practice. Movement should be the funda- 
mental principle. Systematized "Move- 
ment Drills " should figure largely in every 

ditions. where writing is only incident- 
ally taught along with their other studies. 

The success of writifag in our public 
schools must depend mainly upon the use 
of copybooks under the instruction of the 
average teacher. 

I believe that qualification in writing 
should he an essential with qualification in 
other branches. Not that every teacher 
should be an expert penman, but that they 
should understand the underlying princi- 
ples of form and movement which cousti; 
tute the science of penmanship. Their 
best allies in leaching will be the best copy- 
books : and these last will still guide the 
great multitude of pupils to the attainment 
of a good handwriting. 

Ha/rtford, Conn. , January, 1888. 

Mrs. Cleveland's Handwriting. 

It is a rule, rarely if ever broken in any 
of the departnieuts and bureaus of the 
Government at Washington as well as iu 
the Executive Mansion, that all letters re- 
ceived which do not in themselves violate 
the rules of courtesy shall be answered iu 
some manner, even if only to acknowledge 
the fact that they were received. 

Mr5. Cleveland, on whom no official obli- 
gations rests, voluntarily follows this rule of 
replying to all letters she receives so far as 
is possible. She is very prompt, too, in 
writing her answers to letters whenever 
practicable, and has remarkable facility 
in expressing herself in a few words, while 
seeming to say all that is necessary. Her 

Quantity— Quality. 

Speed-Writing EmpliHtiOftlly Defeni)e*l. 

Editor op The Journal:— As a teacher 
of practical writing, I feel it my duty to 
enter a vigorous protest against some of 
the ideas advanced in Mr. Fox's article in 
the January Jouiinal, and which were 
seconded by editorial comment in the same 

Mr. Fox ridicules the idea of teaching 
speed, and of giving the pupil a numerical 
standard of speed to go by iu his practice, 
and, unfortunately, the editor of Tire 
Jot'RNAL endorses this view, on the ground 
that some pupils are naturally slow while 
others are naturally quick. 

Ordinary long-band writing is at best a 
slow and laborious method of communicat- 
ing or recording thought, and I cannot 
imagine any person so destitute of ambition 
and business tendencies as to regard the 
matter of speed in writing as being of little 
importance. In fact I am anxious to put 
myself on record as earnestly contradicting 
the editorial comment that ■* to the vast 
majority of writers speed is of very litlle 
consideration compared with legibility." 
And, by the way, why this harping on 
"legibility?" Does not the very term, 
"teaching writing," imply legibility? And 
who ever heard of any one teaching illegible 
writing? This matter of "neatness" and 
"legibility" and "perfection," without re- 
gard to speed, embodies the old school-room 
idea that the pupil must have something 
"nice" to show his parents and to exhibit 

veiJ from Origin 

writing lesson. The Western professor is 
right in insisting upon movement drills — 
but all this is in the legitimate province 
of the copybook — and the properly arranged 
series contains books especially designed 
for this purpose. 

It is just as "lawful and proper" to 
teach movement by the use of copybooks as 
by the "printed slip "method. Pen, ink 
and paper must be brought into use, and 
the paper in copybooks is just as good, 
usually better than loose sheets. There is 
no reason why movement should be disas- 
sociated from copybooks. Neither should 
it be disassociated from the regular, daily 
writing. Every lesson should combine this 
training of the muscles with the study of 
form in practical work. First, the move- 
ment drill, then its application to regularly- 
spaced copies. 

The average teacher, with progressive 
copybooks, can get excellent results, with 
good movement and practical rate of speed. 
The professional teacher is of course more 
independent of copybooks ; but professional 
teachers cannot be employed in sufficient 
numbers to cover the ground. 

The professional teachers- those who 
teach adult pupils largely — should remem. 
ber that there is a great difference between 
the conditions under which writing is 
taught in business colleges, with an hour or 
two hours for daily practice, and the condi- 
tions under which it is taught in public 
schools to much younger pupils, and with 
but one or two hours practice per week. If 
the Western professor would discard copy- 
books fiom almost purely "writing classes," 
it is no argument to say that public-school 
pupils should be subjected to similar con- 

handwriting, while as stylish in appearance 
as that of the ultra-fashionable quill-pen 
affecting scrawlers, is still (unlike the ladies 
of that class) perfectly legible. She does 
not lay herself open to the charge a bright 
man recently preferred against the fashion- 
able women whose writing no one can easily 
read, if at all, to wit. that "not knowing 
how to spell, they purposely write do that 
their failures in orthography cannot be 
readily detected." 

Tbou art mightier, 'tis well said, 
TLaa the oonquerlng sword's keei blade. 
PlerolDg with thy pointed words 
All but Truth, which is the Lord's I 
Oh. Pen : The a*te of force and wron^j 
Evaolshes, and Thou art strong l 
Thou, championed ia the eager flgUt 
Where Right wins victory over Might ■ 
Ply 8tlU— and yet again— the blow 
Which lays the tyrant, Error, low I 

Thy triumphs. Pen. who shall portray? 
Forgotten things of perished clay 
Were Kings and Conquerors of the earth, 
llud'st thou not given thy second Wrth 
To deeds that perish not with age : 

3 thct 

Of mighty deeds, heroic Pen 1 
Weak were the sword, and conquerors nought. 
But for the glories thou hast wrought ! 

KnoxBilU, Ttnn., SepUmbtr. 18S7. 

You will find our new premium schedule 
very interesting. We offer no shoddy, 
catch-penny premiums and guarantee goods 
to be what they are represented to be. 

on the last day. etc. We who profess to 
be practical teachers of practical writing 
should look beyond the school-room. 

And right here let me ask: Where do we 
find illegible penmanship? In the school- 
room or outside the school-room? Who 
ever saw school-room writing that was not 
legible? If writing that is legible iu the 
school-room becomes illegible outside of the 
schoolroom when applied to practical or 
business purposes, is there not a screw 
loose somewhere? 

And now. why the absurdity of teach- 
ing speed? Why the absurdity of setting 
up a numerical standard of motion for the 
learner? The editor of The Journal says 
it is absurd because "some are naturally 
slow and some naturally quick." hence, as 
I understand it, the slow-poke should be al- 
lowed to go his own way. and the quick 
one may rip and tear on a 2:10 basis. 

But laying satire aside, while it is tech- 
nically true that persons differ in their 
makeup with regard to celerity of action, 
in my opinion this is too shallow a techni- 
cality on which to strand the grand element 
of spe*^d and unifot mify of iiivtion in teach- 
ing writing. Swiftness and eelerity of mo- 
tion in writing is something that can be 
developed— aye, it is something that should 
be developed, and is not a teacher justified 
in giving certain standards of speed, such 

class work this is done principally by count- 
ing, or by " beating time" — out in Nebraska 
they are said to use the fiddle. 

In giving lessons through the penman's 
papers, we resort to the "numerical stand- 
ard" by telling the learner to make a cer- 
tain number of strokes per minute. But 

Ai; I, 

Mr. Fox ridicuJes this Uh-a, and says: 
"Would it not be bt-tter for ibe professor 
to place before his pupils his best efforts 
and aak from his pupils their best v 
irrespective of quantity?" Yes, it might 
be better " for the professor," but not for 
his pupils. This idea is the very embodi- 
ment of the old copyboolt Idea of teaching - 
writing— place before the pupil the best ef- 
forts (of the engraver) and then let Ihe help- 
less pupil "root, hog, or die." his own 

I am not very fond of ridiculing any- 
body's ideas, but I trust I may be pardoned 
for smiling at the following from Mr. Fox's 

"A few comparisons to show the pre- 
posterousness of the speed advocacy I be- 
lieve will strengthen my argument. Imagine 
a Meissonier turning out so many yards of 
canvas in so many minutes; an engraver 
endeavoring to make so many lines or stip- 
ples per minute; the crayon-artist trying to 

The teacher of writing who considers *' per- 
fection " as the result to be sought is almost 
without exception a poor stick of a teacher, 
as many of our prominent business college 
men will testify. 

Perfection of form without regard to 
speed! Will the hundreds of teachers of 
practical writing who read The Journal 
let such doctrine as this pass unchallenged? 
Imagine the bookkeeper, with so much 
work to be done in a certain time; or the 
bill. clerk, who has to have his bill ready by 
the time the "caller" is through calling; or 
the correspondent, with a stack of mail be- 
fore him to be answered; or the student at 
school, with essays and grammar lessons, 
etc.. to copy; or anybody who has business 
writing to do— and who has not? Imagine 
"perfection" without regard to speed as 
applied to their work. Don't let us draw 

on the artist, the engraver and the poet for j been induced to present sogo( 
advice and argument concerning business is the foregoing to our readers. The chief 
'"''"'*"'&* : criticism that we have to pronounce upon the 

to music. Or suppose the fellow should 
conclude that he in naturally slow, and tell 
his girl by his side that it would be " pre 
poslerous" for anybody to expect them to 
keep steps, and thus they would see-saw up 
Main street together without any numerical 
standard of motion! 

I would fain say more in support of 
speed in teaching writing, but this article is 
long enough. I am thoroughly sincere in 
what I have said, and have tried to make 
this article as mild and as free from satire 
as the articles and doctrines attacked would 


Fox and Ti 


E. K. Isaacs. 

t least pleased that between Mr 
. Brother Isaacs ha; 



College, New York. 

cover with his stomp so much paper per 
minute; the designer originating so many 
ideas per minute; or a Longfellow so many ' 
feel of verse per minute. Do any uf the ' 
above-named vocations derive any of their 
beauty through speed? If not. why plai 
such great stress in requiring a certa 
quantity of work to be executed in a certa 
length of time, when quanlity is not tl 

Quantity? As well might we try to teach 
form without movement as to teach quality 
without quantity. Form and movement 
must he taught together. Quality and 
quantity must go hand in band. The teacher 
' of business writing who does not leach 
with a view to developing in his pupils cap- 
acity for quantity — in other words, power 
to write easily and rapidly — certainly does 
not thoroughly comprehend his duties and 

Absurd to drill a class in concert by beal- 
ng lime — or. in other words, by a " numeri- 
cal standard of motion?" Motion or time 
in writing is closely related to time in music. 
Suppose a music teacher should conclude 
that because some members of his class are 
naturally slow and some quick, therefore it 
is absurd to give them a numerical standard 
, , ^ ^ , of time, but, "rather give them his best ef- 

and of the designer, and of Longfellow, has ' forts," and then tell them to go ahead. Or 
nothing in common with business writing, suppose the captain of a company of soldiers pose of . 
Perfection "-by which 1 supposeMr. Fox should get it into his head that some of his attention 

rdO.«T'''T°^-!r"'~'\rV^' ^'''^" ""'" "'' ''"^ ^""^ some quick, and that it | pointa which we specifically mentioned 
and Omega of writing, as Mr. Foi claims. ■ would be absurd to require them to march I general eaiiy meniionea. 

Inasmuch as these comparisons are wholly 
foreign to the subject of writing, we might 
as well continue this table of argumentative 
comparisons and imagine an old w 
telling so many yarns per minute; 
country parson saying so many pniye 
minute; or old dog Tray gnawing so many 
bones per minute. 

The fact is the work of the Sleissonier. 
and of the engraver, imd of thecrayon-artist. 

article is the misapprehension under which 
Mr. Isaacs refers to our own article. We 
think he should have read it a second time 
before writing his reply. He should have 
observed that when we criticise the idea of 
uniform drill, or numerical standard for 
pupils, we mention specifically its applica- 
tion to miscellaneous classes. 

He asks: "Whoever heard of anyone 
teaching illegible writing ?" Here is one of 
his misapprehensions. We spoke of illegi- 
ble writing in practice, nol in teaching. We 
do not presume that any teacher has ever 
purposely taught illegible writing. 

It is not our purpose to defend generally 
Mr. Fox's article. Weslated at the opening 
of our comment upon it that we did not 
wish to be understood as agreeing with him 
in all the points made. Perhaps we should 
have been more specific as to the things with 
which we did and did not accord. The pur- 
comment was mainly to invite 
the article and to sanction the 

agree with Mr. Isaacs. The 

chief difference is that he writes and speaks 
particularly from the standpoint of a busi- 
ness college or professional teacher, who 
has to deal with advanced pupils. In our 
article we wrote from another standpoint, 
that of a public school or unprofessinal 
writing teacher, who may have imder his 
tuition pupils ranging from seven to twenty 
years of age, with advancement as varied as 
their ages, and where the teacher's time is 
so overtaxed with the number and variety of 
recitations and duties growing outof the in- 
struction of such a heterogeneous class of 
pupils as of necessity to limit the time for 
instruction in writing to a few minutes once 
or twice per week. 

To be more specific, suppose a teacher 
were to rail upon Brother Isaacs and say : 
" I am conducting in one of the rural towns 
of this State a public school, numbering 
fifty pupils, the youngest seven, the oldest 
twenty years of age. In the rudiments of 
reading and spelling I have ten pupils whose 
ages and attainments are so different as to 
admit of no classication, and therefore re- 
quire individual instruction, I have among 
the more advanced pupils three reading 
classes, three classes in written arithmetic, 
two in mental, three classes in geographj', 
three classes in spelling, a class in algebra, 
two in history, three classes in English 
grammar," and several other studies which 
we will not mention. "I can only devote 
one-half hour two days in the week to writ- 
ing. My school being located in a farming 
district, the demand for the assistance of the 
boys and giris at home is such that the 
average period of their attendance at school 
is limited to four or six months per year, 
many not continuing beyond the age of four- 
teen. I find, also, that the majority have no 
purpose but to follow the avocation of their 

"■"What would you advise with reference to 
the instruction of writing ? I have no spe- 
cific training in the best professional meth- 
ods of teaching writing or movement, and 
with only one hour per week at my disposal 
for instruction in this branch. Would you 
advise that I dispense with copybooks and 
give special attention to drill for arm move- 
ment, and have my pupils write on time ?" 
What says Brother Isaacs ? Of course the 
teacher and he might deplore, as we do 
most earnestly, the circumstances ; but our 
statement is simply of the facts as they pre- 
vail with reference to a vast majority of the 
schools in the rural districts of this country 
in which the great preponderence of boys 
and giris are now receiving their only edu- 
cation in writing, as well as other branches. 
Now, we say that here is a state of cir- 
cumstances which, in our judgment, justi- 
fies precisely the expression made in our 
Januarj^ issue, " that legibility is of para- 
mount importance," and that to spend a 
large proportion of the time upon the move- 
ment exercises under the circumstances 
would be an injustice to the pupil and folly 
on the part of the teacher ; first, because the 
time and circumstances forbid that such a 
movement with legibility can be mastered ; 
and secondly, if mastered it would be of lit- 
tle or no use to the pupil, because as Brother 
Isaacs and every professional teacher of 
writing in the United States must concede, 
in order to use practically the muscular 
movement there must be constant exercise 
of the muscles in practice. We are all 
aware how difficult after a long rest even by 
professionals it is to write at all freely upon 
the muscular movement, and how almost 
inevitably persons who are not in thorough 
exercise fall back to the finger movement. 

We regret that such are the facts. Wt! 
would that time and circumstances were 
such that every person who writes could ac- 
quire and use the combined forearm and 
finger movement. Were we speaking from 
Mr. Isaacs' standpoint, we should speak 
very much as he does. 

We would sav to the young men and 
women having advance of years and train- 
ing, who now enter a business college or 
special school for writing: " You probably 
purpose to engage in some business or pro- 
fessional calling in which you will require 
to use more or less extensively the pen. You 
should, therefore, spare no pains to acquire 
the best possible facility for the execution of 
good. legible writing," and we would 
urge the absolute necessity of a thorough 
mastery of the "muscular" movement, 
and extend the special drill upon movement 
exercises to that end, We would say that 
here, whtre pupils are already familiar with 
correct form, movement should become of 
paramount importance, and with well claFsi- 
fled pupils we would sanction and even com- 
mend time drill. 

In conclusion, we have only to say that 
it is our belief that when Bro. Isaacs and 
the editor of The Joubnal hold forth from 
itandpoint respecting the teaching 
'but little 

^ip'i of *^l<o«o^iaf>%. 

CopTrlgbted, Un. b 

The Study of Phonography. 

A lick is u slruiglit stroke ODc>fourtli the 
leagtb of a I, and, with the exception of 
the tick for wko-m, unshaded ; a brief sign 
is half a small circle. 

177. There are six ticks and four brief 
signs used In phrases. Three of the ticks 
(/■. of, to, who, wlMin) are used independently 
and have already been given. 

I, of,,. 

The, )ie. 

would, way,.V,. 

178. The tick for I must always be in the 
direction of ch or upward r. It does 
not govern position, but the word which 
follows is written in position. It is he 
written initially, finally, or between words. 

hope.'X I believe-\^I suppose 


^179. The tick for I is always written up- 
ward before can and could, and downward 
before am. 

180. The tick for I takes the books for 
hate and teill aud the n hook for n<?(— al- 
ways being written dov>nwardioT I hamnrui 
npward for I will. 

J ■^■lU " I will not ^ .1 have. i... 

181. The tick for a, an and and nt the 
beginning of a phrase is invariably written 
in the direction of 7). After another word, 
it is written in the direction of p, ch, or 
upward r. It does not govern the position 
of a phrase. 

(The one exception to this rule is in the 
case of and hie whieb is written in the first 
position to distinguish it from to hi:t.) 

A man:'*'', and all/., an oath. ..(... . . 

182. The tick is never used for an when 
the n book can be used. 

183. The tick for he is used initially only 
— never alone — and must be perpendicular 
or horizonlal. It does not govern the posi- 


164. The tick for the (same as thai for he) 
is never used alone and only finally. It is 
used when the cannot be represented in a 
phrase by halving, or by changing a circle 
to a loop ; that is. after a double length, 
half length, loop, or stem that does not 
make au angle with the preceding stem, 
ftgainst the -rio .. under the ..-^r^^r^ .. 


185. When the con or ing dot would be 
uaed, /, of, a, an or the may be prefixed or 
added by writing the tick in the place of the 

Date of oontract! "-of comnittee .f 

I corm,^nd..-'w I cr>rdemn.l-^.. 

180. The tick for 0/ is written either up- 
ward or downward (according to conven- 
ience in joining), but always in the direction 

187. The tieka for to. toho and wht^. un- 
like the other ticks and the brief signs, 
govern position ; that is, if joined initially 
must be in the same position as ^wben 
written alone. 

18M, The tick for who or whom, in the 
direction of ch is the only shaded tick, and. 
of course, always written downward. 

18i). The tick for to is writleu in the 
direction of p. and joined mostly to boriz 
outal and balf length stems. 

. to thet 

190 The right or left of a small c cl 
(according to couvenieuce of joining)! n^vd 
for wc and would initially, medially a d 
finally, and for way linally 


191. The upper or lower half of a n II 
circle is used for you or your initial \ me I 
ially aud finally. 

. mayyyf7>.yoa knc 



192. The brief sign is generally used at 
the end of a phrase if convenient, but if a 
word follows yott or pour that can be writ- 
leu with a hook tlie stem is used for you or 
your in order lo provide n phicefnr the hook. 

193. Ticks and liri'f ^i-n^ -i--'' <^nni1>iDCfl 
with each other jiiiii " H' '■'"•- imiinnp-; 
It is important to 1 ■ ' ■ '^<- Mrk-. 
fori a. an. ami. A., ; .. lui.l 
sitinsdonot, wi.en n- ■! M:ii'.:Hly J.hrminr 
tbe position nf the pill nsi\ nti'ts^ in case of 
ticks being used exclusively when the first 
is written in its own position. 

194. In the phrase /*ow ipouM, and in that 
only, how is represented by a tick. 

195. To write any word containing a full 
length stem so that that stem will come 
entirely below the line shows that (o or too 
precedes it. This is called the fourth con- 
sonant positiou. 

TO be ^ to .0 I .tooc:.ap ^ 

196. Only words cmtaiuing n full lcnj:th 
or double length stem are written in the 
fourth pusition. 

^^de*" nd 

welRlit of evidence 

sirqiiesteiing a 


too deep 


littler and tliither 

Q. (Where do you reside ?) 

A. (In the city of New York,) 2,271 First 
Avenue. (I have been) (in New York) (a 
year) last April. 

Q. (What is your) age? 

A. (I tbink) (I will be) forty-seviu next 

Q. (Was that) paper served (on you) by 
Parsons or Webb (in ibis case?) 

A. (Yes, sir,) Mr. S. A. Webb served it 
(on roe.) 

Q- At (what place) and (what time ?) 

A. (In the city of New York) and (on this 
day) week, 

Q. (Did yovi) appear litre (iu answer) (to 
tbnl) subpcena ? 

A. (Yes. sir.) 

Q. (You siiy you) told Parsons (on his) 
(asking you) (if you) remembered seeing 
Curtiss serve the summons (that you) did 
(see it?) 

A. (Yes. sir.) 

Q. (You thought) (you would have) him 
subp(pna you (and then) (go back) (on liim) 
and (would not) swear (to the) stories (you 
had) tild before. 

A. (1 would not) swear (to a) lie. 

Q. You told Webb that story (in New 
York) (with the) same motive?. 

A. Undoubtedly ; (aud I have) written (to 
tbem) before. 

Q. Aud (you say) (you have) written (to 
tbem) (that you) remembered the story "/ 

A. (No, sir ;) (I have) written them to let 
me alone. (I think) (I did) write (to Webb) 
(that I) did remember it. (I am) positive (I 
did.) (When I) wrote (to Webb) (I can't) 
tell. (I did) answer that letter (of the) 18th 
of March (I think ;) (I cannot be) positive : 
(but my) impression is that (I did.) (I do 
not) recollect (what the) letter contained. 

Q. (Do you remember) (whether you) 
stated (in that) letter (that you) did remem- 
ber (what was) contained (in his) letter ? 

A (I think) (I did.) 

Q. What motive (would you have) in 
(staling thai) (if it) (was not) true ? 

A. To get the money (out of) Parsons, to 
pet wliat l)elonged (to me) (out of) bim. 
That letter (to him) (is this) paper shown 
me. (Tliat is) my writing. The letter di- 
rected me (to telegraph ;) I answered it (in 
this way) by telegraph and (said this), "use- 
less writing. (I say) yes." 

Q. (xVbout how many times) (in your) ex- 
perience (have you) tried to get money (out 
of) men (in that) kind (of a) way ? 

A. Never (iu my life.) 

Q. (Never before ?) 

A. Never.(I am not) one (of that) kind (of 

Q. When (did the) idea first come (into 
your) head of getting money (out of) Par- 

A. The idea (that he) wanted (to manu- 
facture) evidence came (into my) bead(when 
he) (began to) draw down at Gordon's cor- 
ners. (That was) the first (of it.) 

Q. (Do you mean to say) (that you were 
not) lying (to Webb) and Parsons (nil the 
way) through to get money (out of them ¥) 

A. (I was) lying lo get (my own) money 
(out of) him, to get my |50 back, aud (that 
was) (what the) $50 was ottered (to me) for ; 
(I did not) mean (when I) telegraphed to 
O'Brien to get money (out of) his side. 

Q. (Didn't you) expect (that you) (would 
be) met (by him) (in answer) (to that) tele- 

A. (I didn't) really expect it ; (I thought) 
(it was) probable. 

Q, (Tell me) a word or sentence used by 
Webb in either interview (upon which) (you 
say) (you understood) (that he) wanted to 
(get you) (to swear) false ? 

A. (He would) (pay me) well (when I) 
(would come) up heie. (He bad) (had thai) 
execution of judgment against me all fixed, 
satis-fied and (be would do) several tilings, 
aud (I must recollect) this aud (must recol- 
lect) that, and leading me on telling me all 
(about it). (I said) yes, yes, yes. 

Q. What thing (did be) (tell you) (that 
you must recollect) (that you) (had not) 
itnld him) before, (that you) did recollect ? 

A (I must recollect) bis father ; (he did 
not) look (so much) like Parsons (as his) 
other brother; (he was) a tall, gray-headed 

Q. (What other) thing (did he) (lell yon) 
aside (from that) (you must recollect) his 
fiither, (that you) (luid not) before mentioned 
(to Webb) or Parsons? 

A. (Take the) whole conversation. 

Q. (I ask you) for any particular word or 
sentence ? 

A. (I have) stated several. 

Q. (Was there) (any other ?) 

A. (I can't) tell ; (I don't tbink of any 
other) not (at present ;) fas it was) suggested 
(to me) (I might ;) (I did) tell Webb that (it 
was) dilticult (for me) to gel away (from my) 
employers ; was engaged (in the) directory 
business there (iu New York City,) and 
difficult (for me) to get away ; (I did not) 
tell him) (I did not want) (to lose) my time; 
(I did not ask) Slat terly (to introdiice me) lo 
O'Brien (or to) Ryan. 

(A plionngi'iipliio transoript of the .il»ove wilt be 
sent to any subscriber wlio si'iids an addre^ed and 
stiimped envelo,ic to Mrs. I,. U. Packard, 101 E. 
Md Street, New Yurli.) 

Phonographic Notes. 

The general rule for position of phrases is 
that tbe first word must be written in posi- 
tion. There arc two exceptions ; 

1. A circle for as or has may be written 
anywhere above, or even on the line, in 
order to bring the next word iu positiou. 

'i. When the ticks fi)r/, of, a, an, and, and 
the brief signs for we aud would are used 
initially, the word which follows must he 
written in position. 

If tbe tick is used for of it is best to dis- 
pense entirely with proximity for .9/. Too 
many ways of writing a word are be- 

The ticks for to ond who-m, when written 
nilially, must always he writleu in posi- 

Tbe only ticks written alone arc /. of, to, 
and who-m. 

With this number of The JoritSAL the 
regular lessons in phonography are com- 
pleted. The next number will contain a 
list of words and phrases which it is neces- 
sary to distinguish by difference of outline, 
notes on omissions of consonants, syllables, 
words, etc. 

Mr. Miner, of the Phonographic World, 
knows that it is possible for at least two 
persons to write 250 words a minute. He 
witnessed privately a test at Alexandria Bay 
last summer in which Mr. Isaac S Dement, 
of Chicago, wrote iu the first trial of one 
minute 259 words aud the second minute 

Am ,)<)l UNAL 

271 words. This he rend witb only mie or 
two trivial errors. Tlitn Mr. Irliind wrote 
347 words in a single minute and read with- 
out an error. Mr, Dement, upon a second 
trial, wrote 256 in the first minute and 235 
in the second. The January number of the 
Phonographic World has portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of Messrs. Irland and 

Two men who were in hard luck met on 
Broadway. One was a bookkeeper and the 
other a mechanical engineer. 

'■ I suppose you are out of a job, Jack," 
said the bookkeeper. 

"Yes," was the reply, ''and you, un- 
doubtedly, are in the same fix." 

"lam. But I propose to start a school 
for teaching stenography." 

"A school! What do you know about 
stenography t" was asked. 

" Nothing. It isn't neccisary that I 
should. All that I need to do is to buy a 
number of text-books and keep one lesson 
in advance of the class. Should I fail in 
this, I can have a review of the previous 
lessons. Id case the review fails, I can 
give the class a vacation."— if. T. Eveniiiii 

The Pitman Testimonial and the 
Stenographer's Association. 

Mr. Miner, of the Phonographic World. 
has been guilty of a good thing. He has 
succeeded in raising money enough to buy 
Isaac Pitman a nice present in memory of 
liis tifty years of phonography. 

The present takes the form of a gold' 
medal, a copy of which is given herewith. 
It is the gift of the shorthand writers of the 
country, and very properly expresses their 
fealty to the author of phonography. 

The preparation of the medal was put in 
the hvuds of Tiffany & Co. under the direc- 
tion of a committee of three. Messrs. Under- 
bill and Munson and Mrs. IJurnz. Tlie report 
of the committee and the tirst exhibition of 
the medal occurred at the rooms of ihc 
Metropolitan Stenographers' Association on 
Saturday evening. Among ihe more or 
less distinguished persons present were Mr. 
Underbill, Mrs. Burn/, Mr. Hobbins, Mr. 
Curtiss, Mr. Graham, Mr. and Mrs, Miner, 
and various well known reporters from 
New York, Brooklyn ana Jersey City. 

Mr. Underbill gave a very pleasing ac- 
count of the history of shorthand and of 
Mr. Pitman's connection therewith, and was 
followed by Mrs. Burnz in the same vein. 
Mr. Miner and Prof. Kimball were also 
called to their feet and responded with 
great acceptance. 

The Metropolitan Stenographers' Asso- 
ciation is very comfortably housed in a 
brown stone mansion corner of 23rd Street 
iiud 7th Avenue, the first tloorof which it oc- 
cupies, and to which it has recently moved. 
The Association is a little over two years 
old, and is taking on great strength and im- 
portance. It is under the immediate manage- 
ment of Messrs. Wall, OrtU and McMahon 
who are its principal promoters. The mem- 
bership now numbers over two hundred. 

The purpose of the Association is to pro- 
mote fellowship among the shorthand writ- 
ers of the city, and to afford facilities fov 
progress in the art. No "system " is para- 
mount, and no author has "the inside 
track," The tendency of the Association is 
clubward ; and already many of the requi- 
sites of a club-bouse are clustering around 
the reporters' chairs and tables. The "back 
parlor " is supplied witb a pool table, and 
it is said that even the young lady am- 
anuenses are not averse, on proper occas- 
ions, to taking the cue. 

Another feature of the Association, and a 
very wise one. is that of looking out for 
eiicli iiihiT in thi' intUtcr of positions. — It is 
said lh;il »<■ mini'icr is at present out of a 
plnce ; and if such a thing should occur it 
would be but a brief respite, as the facilities 
for obtaining places are most excellent. 

Death of A. F. Warburton. 

Before this number of Tue JounK.\L shall 
have appeared most of our renders will have 
heard of the death of Mr. Warburton, the 
veteran reporter of New York. Mr. War- 
burton has been a figure in the shorthand 

interests of this city since the u?e 
of the art in our newspaper and 
court work. We publish a portrait 
herewith, taken from the Shorthand 
Brporter, also extract a few of the 
paragraphs which accompanied it 
Mr. Warburton was born in Ire 
land, July 12, 1828. His first know 
ledge of stenography was in con 
nection with Moat's system, which 
he picked up during his journalistic 
career in Ireland. Of it he speaks 
as " an impracticable system written 
on a scale of five lines, with fifteen 
positions for each character and 
requiring the memory of a Pascal 
and the manipulation of a Helli_r 
yet containing many of the in ' 
valuable ideas as to shading, doul I 
and half lengths and hooks, ^vhicli 
were afterwards worked out so sv« 
tcmatically by Pitman." Hedid the 
best he could with this impracti 
cable system, and if he succeedtd in 
nothing else he did succeed in -^ecur 
ing for himself a degree of persi^ 
tency and patience which served 
him well in all his after life. He 
speaks of going to the court of assize in 
Dublin and attempting to report a murder 
trial, where the technical terms rather got 
the better of him. He came to New York 
iu '51 and took a place on the New Fork 
Timcs]asX then projected. He received great 
consideration from Mr. Raymond, who was 
always his fast friend. Besides being a 
more or less a shorthand writer at that time 

k"^^"" . 

he had the advantage of uuderstandiog 
typography, and through this knowledge 
got his first foothold in the Times office. It 
retjuired but little effort to work himself in- 
to the reportorial corps, whieh he did, and 
was one of that historical number, of whom 
Oliver Dyer was another, called upon to re- 
port the political speeches in the old " Taber- 
nacle" and Tammany " Wigwam" in the 


anti-belluni and anti-slavery times. The first 
law reporting firm established in this State 
was that of Roberts vt Warburton. growing 
out of the Broadway Railroad litigation in 
IbiS From this beginning has grown the 
great business of law sttnographcrs which 
at present extends to every court of record 
in thtii State, as also to the principal cities 
in other States. When the law was passed 
for the appointment of Oflicial Stenograph- 
ers in the courts of record in New York 
City Mr. Warburton was one of the first ap- 
pointees under the act as stenographer to the 
Superior Court, a position which he held 
until the day of his death. Mr. Warburton 
was the only distinguished shorthand writer 
in this country of whom we know who 
used the Gurney system. This he learned 
in 1864, feeling it to be a better system than 
the Moat system which he had practiced up 
to that time. He was one of the few men 
of his profession who through his own assi- 
duity and economy, amassed a competence. 
The later years of his work were given to it 
greatly from the love he had of the work it- 
self He was, a worthy representative of 
the better sort of stenographers. 

our letters that 
ourselff A. In one of ttie 


y. Didn't you tell him 

Imters 1 related 

(i- WUal did you ten ntm you were at tlie ears Tor 
when the summunswHs served? A- I didn't tell 
him that ; I told lilm 1 was at the cars at the time 
of the excursion and saw old Mr. Parsons and his 

<^. What did you tell blm that forT A. No 
special reason. 
Q.^ Mr. Brown didn't suggest lo you to write t hat ? 

Tetter I wrote to him ; it haw- 
le juatasIwaawrltlnKtohlm 
any more than anybody could 

Q. What did you want to tell him that your uncle 
took dinnerwith you that day for? A 1 said I b " 
no partii-ular object In telling it It happened 
occur to me Ue didn t knowmy unole la'* " 
him there and I didn t see Curtlss there— I 
sure that I didn't 
li And you say in this letter that ' I hi 
'■jutenaut Governor Beach ' " 

pened t< 

with you that day for? A 1 said I had 
telling It It happenetf 
knowmy unole Idldd't 


Lieutenant ( 

t has bn omen 

toniey in ii ci.»< I>pf )re f-oveinoi Itoachr 


i him t 



1 It. here, I 

a to hlnir 

^^ 15 said be- 




1 nilNburg. or 
ml J suggeaied 

^K ^erlt' 


e got i-amuel Cur- 
Did anjbodj sua- 
A I ha^e made 

questiou A Nobody suggested 
?ttei particularly lo me 

su£gest to you to write that sen- 
1 A. No, sir. 



There is plenty of it in the world, and i 
is not all of the Barnum variety. Barnum 
was a professional humbug, and wrought on 
the principle that people like to be humbug- 
ged and are willing to pay for it ; but he 
always gave them the worth of their monfy ; 
so, after all, they had no claim upon him. 
All humbugs are not of this sort. Some are 
very serious, and not at all funny except to 
the humbugger, who pockets the avails. 

One of the worst of this species is the fel- 
low who profesveH to teach t-horthand by 
mail. We underscore professes with a pur- 
pose, for shorthand can be, and is, taught 
\}y mail ; and here is where the trouble is. 
We have not the space nor the patience lo 
tell what we know aboutthissorryinfliction 
upon the human family ; nor con we advise, 
except to say that uo person competent to 
teach by mail will fjiil Uj give proper assur- 
ance.'^ of such competi-iK-euponapplicatiou : 
and that in no case should a peceon be 
trusted simply upon bis own advertising. 
Often the most voluminous and most catch- 
ing advertisers are the biggest humbugs. 
I^iook out for such, unless you know thi-ra. 

It would be to the point to speak of the so- 
called schools of shorthand, which tire 
simply " so called." but this might sci m in- 
vidious. It is well to know, however, that 
a great many idle shorthanders are floating 
about in the big cities without a chance lo 
show their skill, and that the reason is that 
Ihey have no skill to show. Most of them 
we are constrained to believe, are from 
shorthand schools that don't teach short- 
hand. A H'orM advertiser, wishing to ob- 
tain a shorthand amanuensis claims to have 
received on a single advertisen ent 115 re- 
plies. The inference is that the market for 
amanuenses is overstocked ; and yet it is 
known that there is not a well-established, 
reputable school of shorthand in the city 
that can supply the demand made upon it 
for amanuenses. 

The sorriest sort of humbug is the teacher 
who guarrantees success to his pupils " in 
three mouths," with a situation at the end ; 
but it takes a very Innocent fool to he 
caught by this bait. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour. 

Take a teaspoonful of EDRlUb. 
A modicum of Dutch. 
Of Itiiliun Just a trifle. 
And of Gaelic not too much ; 
Some Husslan &ad Egyptian 
Add tlien unto the whole, 
With Just enough to flavor 
Of the lingo of the I'ole. 
Some Cingalese and Hotl«ntot, 
A toupam, too, of Frenoli, 
Of native Scaudlnavlan 
A pretty thorough drench : 
Hungarian and Syrlac, 
A pinch of Japanese, 
With Juat as much Ojlbbeway 
And Turkish as you pleaae. 
Mow stir It geutly, holl ll well, 
And if you've decent laoW, 
The ultimate residuum 
You'll find Is Voiapuk I 

Progress of a Generation. 

What 8tarlHng results one finds in our 
railway atalistics ! We bave 340.000 miles 
of track— enough to girdle Ihe earth a dozen 
timea, with several thousand miles left for 
side-tracks. More than half of these lines 
were laid liowu at a cost of $6,000,000,000— 
enough to pay the public debt four times 
over. There are 50,000 engines, 50,000 
passenger coaciies, and a million freight- 
cars, and over4,000 patents have been taken 
out for inventions in railway machinery and 
appliances. Every year 300,000,000 tons of 
freight are carried. For moving this freight 
the companies receive an average of 1.2i) 
cents per ton per mile, and for each pas- 
senger carried they get 2.51 cents per mile. 
It requires a half-million employees to run 
all these roads. And yet it only fifty- 
six years ago that Pelcr Cooper ran the first 
steam car from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills 
at the unparalleled speed of a mile in every 
four and a third minutes 1 

Amateurs and Professionals iu Literature. 

In no line of human work and endeavor 
is it more difficult to distinguish the profes- 
sional from the amateur than in literature- 
In law, for instance, a student reads certain 
books with an attorney, passes 
tion before a board of 
ceivea a diploma which certifies that he is a 
member of the legal profession. In medi- 
cine the student takes a prescribed course 
of study in a college, he graduates, and is 
privileged to style himself a doctor. There 
are schools for artists, for actors, even for 
farmers ; there are no schools for literary 
men. There is not only no schools, there is 
no obvious curriculum which they can pur- 
sue. The mental training which produces 
the professional man of letters (professional 
as distinguished from amateur) is a purely 
subjective one, and it may make no sign 
until a poem, a story, an essay proves that 
the man has not mistaken his vocation. 
This is true of the grentest artists, as well 
as of the humblest of those whom St. Inier 
calls "literary hacks." A man cannot 
learn how to put the best that is in him in 
a form that will be recognizable to the 
reader without long years of secret travail, 
of delight amounting to pain in the works 
of some great writer or writers, of despair- 
ing attempts at emulation. Even a poet is 
made, not born ; but he is made by such 
subtle and unconscious processes that they 
seem to date all the way back to his birth. 
It is possibly on account of this dilticully in 
differentiating the amateur from the profe.i- 
sional— on account of the want of some ex- 
ternal sign for deciding his own status — 
that the young aspirant is so innocently, so 
delightfully v am.— Lippiitajtt' a Mar/azinefor 

Astronomy In the Country. 

To counterbalance the discomforts of 
winter observations of the stars. Ihe ob- 
server finds that the softer skies of summer 
have no such marvelous brilliants to dazzle 
his eyes as those that illumine the hyemal 
heavens. To comprehend the real glories 
of the celestial sphere in the depth of win- 
ter one should spend a few clear nights in 
the rural districts of New York or New 
England, when the hills, clad with spark- 
ling blankets of crusted snow, reflect the 
glitter of the living sky. In the pure 
frosty ttir the stars seem splintered and 
muUipUed indefinitely, and the brighter 
ones shine with a splendor of tight and 

color unknown to the denizen of the smoky 
city, whose eyes are dulled and blinded by 
the glare of street-lights. There one may 
detect the delicate shade of green that lurks 
in the imperial blaze of Sirius, the beauti- 
ful rose-red light of Aldebaran, the rich 
orange hue of Betelgeuse. the blue-white 
radiance of Uigel. and the pearly luster of 
Capella. If you have never seen the starry 
heavens except as they appear from city 
streets and squares, then. I had almost said, 
you have never seen Ihem a^ all, and es- 
pecially in the winter is this true. I wish 
I could describe to you the impression that 
they can make upon the opening mind of a 
country boy, who, knowing as yet nothing 
of the little great world around him, stands 

come terrible when met in close quartets.' 
Wu turned suddenly into a narrow sort of 
alley, repulsive beyond description, and 
here Fatima drew back — sniffing propheti- 
cally. I urged her a little and she went 
forward, but presently I saw thai we had 
to meet a long line of camels, heavily laden 
with crates of tea, each about the size and 
shape of the "pressed hay" packages so 
common in America. I could not imagine 
how we could pass them, and yet I feared 
to turn about, even had there been space 
enough, which was doubtful. Fatima 
sprang close to the wall, drawing her little 
hoofs and slender legs almost under her. I 
followed her example and leaned against 
the dingy adobe mass, while the long line 





^'^ky^^^^^hi^^'^^^ ^ 


in the yawning silence of night and be- 
holds the inimitably great world above 
him, looking deeper than thought can go 
into the shining vistas of the universe, and 
overwhelmed with the wonder of those 
marshaled suns, — From "Astronomy with 
an Opera-Olass," by Oarrett P. i<erm'as, in 
Papular Science Monthly f<rr Februai'y. 

In the Streets of Peking. 

Among other dread sights we passed and 
met long camel trains, heavily laden, and 
winding their way through the dingy 
alleys. Jiterally led by the nose, one driver 
to every six or eight camels fastened by 
rings and cords drawn through their noses. 
One does not like to think ill of camels, 
those patient, long-suffering beasts that 
look so picturesque under the palm-trees in 
pictures of oriental landscape; but a near 
acquaintance with them is very disillusion- 
ing. They are both sly and vicious, and he- 

filed their tea crates past us. swaying their 
heads and long matted manes from side to 
side, and grazing against us as they went. 
Each one eyed us with a malicious glance 
from their small, evil-looking eyes, which 
suggested a longing to striiie out a ferocious 
blow from one of those powerful, noiseless 
feet. But their glances were met by looks 
of scorn and defiance on the part of Fatima, 
mingled perhaps with a little fear, for she 
evidently knew our danger. With her body 
fairly flattened against the wall — and yet 
not pressing me harshly — she laid her smuM 
ears, which were never quiet, close back 
and turned her head toward the camels. 
Her nostrils dilated and reddened, her 
lips parted, and the fine, squarely-set teeth 
showed between, while her enormous, vigil- 
ant eyes were fixed on ihe camels and 
flashed an " at your peril " look at each one 
as the interminable Irain slowly wended lis 
uncouth way past us, leaving ns both quiv- 
ering together as one poor aspen leaf 

Will the Panamn Canal be FlnUtied? 

No exact estimate of the time and money 
required to finish the canal can be made, as 
much of the data needed is unknown. M. 
Charles de Lesseps said to me : "In two 
years the canal will be finished from Colon 
to kilometre forty-four, and from La Boca 
to Paraiso. As to the Culebra I leave you 
to form your own conclusions. It is a great 
and difficult work." 

It is evident thatthe rate of excavation iu 
a work of such magnitude must be small 
until the plant is complete; it is equally 
true that more work can be done in a given 
time with a complete installation tban with 
one of less size. Hence it is false reasoning 
to conclude that if 32,000,000 cubic metres 
are excavated in five years, it will require 
twelve years to extract the remaining 73,- 
000,000. That such reasoning is absurd is 
shown by the cube of last year, which was 
11,727,000 cubic metres. At this rate it 
would require about seven years to complete 
the canal. It is not probable that this rate 
will be exceeded materially for a year or 

Keeping iu mind the sum already ex- 
pended, and the purposes to which it was 
applied, it is unreasonable to presume that 
the final cost of the canal will be less than 
2,000,000,000 francs, or about $375,000,000, 
These figures are now acknowledged by the 
company; but owing to the great sacrifice 
at which the loans are obtained, the liabili- 
ties of the company will be nearly double 
this amount. 

Any views concerning the completion of 
the canal by the present company must be 
conjectural; but if the present loan be ex- 
pended with economy, the results will en- 
hance the prospects of success. 

At Colon there were many residents and 
foreigners not interested in the canal. The 
most bitter opponents of the enterprise were 
Americans and Englishmen, or former em- 
ployees^of the company who had been dis- 
charged or had a similar grievance. But 
from all sources there was a free admission 
that the company has both brains and 
energy, that the canal presents no insuper- 
able obstacles, and that its completion is a 
question of time and money. — Frmn "Pro- 
ffrcsa at Panama," hy Lieutenant Charles C. 
Rogers, in Popular Science Monthly for 

Mail Packages by the Million. 

Postmaster Pearson, of New York City, 
recently completed his work in compiling 
and arranging the reports from the superin- 
tendents of the several departments of the 
Post Office, and found that in 1887 there 
were delivered through lock boxes and by 
carriers 276,483, 5S0 pieces of ordinary mail 
matter, divided as follows : Letters, through 
boxes, 52,911.851 ; by carriers, 112.872,278 ; 
postal Cards, through boxes, 8,427,642; by 
carriers, 36,907,939; other mail matter 
through boxes, 29,728,557 ; by carrier.", 

In the Uegistered Letter Department 
1,226,900 pieces were delivered, 781,048 of 
domestic and 472,856 of foreign origin re- 
corded and distributed to other offices. In 
the Distribution Department a total of 
58.813,761 were handled, divided as fol- 
lows : Letters, of local origin, 146,580,645 ; 
received by mail, 28,401,128; foreign dis- 
patched, 20,596,876. Postal cards, of local 
origin. 23,550,868; received by mail, 7.176,- 
281 ; foreign dispatched, 980,804. Other 
matter, of local origin, 214,425,824 ; received 
by mail, 46,272,151 : foreign dispatched, 
31,530.184. The total number of pieces 
of mail matter of all kinds handled during 
the year was 797,778,145, a daily average of 

The ordinary mail matter handled was 
contained in 747,409 lock pouches and 
2.193,158 sacks, including the foreign mail, 
of which there were 57,049 sacks received 
and 68.145 dispatched, besides which there 
were handled 7,023 cascsand 92.150 pouches 
of registered matter, and 6.423 pouches and 
15.240 sacks of supplies, There,also passed 
through the New York Post Office in tran- 
sit from and to other oihces 132,691) pouches 
and 275,852 sacks of mail matter, making a 
total of 3,469,954 pouches, cases and sacks 


bandied at the office, a dt 
10,547. exclusive of those wLicb the sixteen 
branch offices exchanged with each other 
and with the General Office. 

The volume of money order business was 
as follows : At the General Post Office 
l,0ffl,728 money orders were issued and 
paid, amounting to $1,355,260.81 At the 
sixteen branches the number of orders 
issued and paid was 213,054. amounting to 
*3,284.801.53, and the number of postal 
notes 78.542. amounting to $160,858.00. 
The aggregate business of the Money Order 
Department for the year amoimted to 
$83,510,811.74. giving an increase to the 
business over the previous year of $11,277.- 

The total receipts of the office were 
$4,833,996.35, and the total expenditures 
$1 759,904.68 (including $693,536.55 ex- 
pended for free delivery service), giving a 
net revenue of $3,074,001.67. The changes 
made for the promotion of the efficiency of 
the service were as follows : Appointments, 
487; promotions. 672; reductions, 71. 
There were removed from the service for 
official delinquencies and offences, retired 
for faiUu-e in efficiency during probation 

the busier hours included bet^ 

and 10 A. 31.. and 1 p. m. aud£ 

three minutes from from 6 a. m. to 8 p. m. 

there is either an arrival or a dispatch of a 

•'city" mail wagon. 

Foreign mails dispatched averaged twenty- 
seven a week. Foreign mails both inward and 
outward frequently include as many as 700 
bags, which require from seven to twelve 
two-horse trucks for their transportation. 
New York is divided into fifteen postal 
districts and one sub-postal district, central 
to each of which is a district post office. In 
addition to these depositories for mail mat- 
ter there are 1,444 street letter boxes placed 
with a view to the greatest publi 
ence, and from which mail is collected 
each secular day at least six times in 
suburban districts and twenty-six times 
the more populous portions of the city. 

The WAT IT WORKS, — At the rate of one 
new subscriber a day, any industrious per- 
son could earn in a year's time a $100 type 
writer, a $100 bicycle (with a small cash 
payment) and a good watch or shot gun. 
Perhaps it may be worth your time to try 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

We do not expect to please in this lesson 
the boys who have pinned their faith on the 
"Mark Checkup" style of writing. We 
do look for the approbation of sensible per- 
sons who know something of the demands 
of actual business. 

When a clerk in a large firm sits down to 
his desk with from tweniy-flve to a b 
dred letters to answer, knowing that the 
next mail will bring a like number, ease, 
rapidity and legibility come to the front, 
and beauty and exactness take a back seat. 

The copy given for this lesson is just 
what its heading reads— an easy, rapid cor- 
responding hand, and will be found practi- 
cal for actual business purposes, whether 
in correspondence or in recording business 

It is in extended style to be sure, hut 
easily condensed to make it adapted to the 
narrow columns of a ledger. It is wri 
with a coarse pen. without shades, or s 
light ones that they dry as fast as they 

and through deaths and resignations, 428. 
The number of employees is 1,997, includ- 
ing 768 regular and 99 substitute carriers 
aud 13 substitute clerks, but not including 
100 licensed stamp agents. 170,093,425 
postage stamps were sold during the year, 
eijualiu weight to 12 tons net; 33,156.175 
Government stamped envelopes and 44,344,- 
000 postal cards were sold during the same 
period. The total weight of mails received 
and dispatched daily during 1887 was 229 
tons, showing, as compared with the figures 
for 1882, 135 tons, an increase in five years 
of over 69 per cent. 

The number of domestic mails, ranging 
from ten to 100 bags each, involving the 
employment of mail wagons, from one to 
fourleen according to the volume of the 
mail, dispatched daily to mail trains is 151 ; 
received from mail trains. 153 ; received 
from district oiBces. 170 ; dispatched to 
district offices. 152. The routes over which 
these mails are dispatched cover a distance 
ot 1.904 miles daily. At the General Post 
Office the number of mail wagons and 
trucks from publication houses and other 
private establishments, conveying mail to 
luid from the Post Oftice, average daily 
1 .053. While at no time during the twenty- 
four hours is there an entire cessation at 
that point of the movement of wagons, the 
major portion of these are moved during 

Will Brother Kibbe pie; 



Is it not about time that wo Ioirnal 
readers were treated to a few review doses 
of "Philosophy of Motion" theories ? 

What is meant by a "system of penman 

"Who is the best penman in the United 
States ? " 

What is the difference between writing 
and penmanship ? 

What is the difference between "plain 
penmanship" and " business writing?" 

What is meant by the term "off-hand" 
as applied to capitals and flourishing?" 

Is not the penmanship teacher in error 
who tells his pupils that success "does not 
depend on the quantity of practice, but on 
the quality f 

Might we not as well say that success in 
learning to write does not depend on move- 
ment, but on knowledge oiform ? 

Brother Peircc ttlls us to make some of 
bis tracing exercises SS.flOO times. Is that 
yu«/iY^-praclice or y(/c;«(rty-practice, or 

What has become of Padl Paktkoii? 

Does Brother Madarasz still write mus- 
cular movement with his wrist in contact 
with the table? 

put on the paper, a point which is appre- 
ciated by a bookkeeper in posting, as no 
blotting is required and the result is a 
clean neat legible paec which is the de 

find thi^buid \ \\ 

In our next I nildly 

to the tastt of \ cm 

tend to cover in II I realm 

of penmanship ti\ i i i H \fl 
keeping them in thiir \ Iull 

The New Spencerian Com- 

This work is now bound complete. The 
price has been fixed by the publishers at 
$7.50. on receipt of which it will be for- 
warded postpaid from this ofHce. 

We have already described this work in 
the most flattering terms. Il is not possible 
to overstate its merits. It is beyond any 
question the most complete, finished and 
comprehensive work upon the art of pen- 
manship that the world has ever seen. No 
penman's library can be complete without 
it. We will forward this and the Ames' 
Compendium for $10. 

The Ames' Compendium presents an en- 
tirely difl'erent phase of Ihe art of penman- 
ship from that of the Spencerian, as it is 
devoted more exclusively to lettering, de- 
signing and engrossing. The two works 
are a complete penmanship library in them- 

Educational Notes. 

Colorado pays the highest average wages 
to female teachers. 

Mr. George W. Cable has been offered the 
presidency of FairmountCollegefor Women 
at Wichita, Kan. 

Volapuk is publicly taught in France, 
Germany. Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Portu- 
gal, Austria, Russia and Denmark. 

George W. Pierce, a Boston lawyer, has 
made the shortest sentence in the English 
language containing all the letters of the 
alphabet: " Z. Badger: thy Viscen jumps 
quick at foitil." Only thirty-one letters ! 

The literary education of women began to 
prcvuil in Engliind in the early part of the 
S('v,'nu.:-Ttli r.-ntnrv. In 1020 neither of 

sir,'. . :.. ::. •• .., l", 1 , t - r, .uUl Wllle. 

I 1. ' ^ !, i\ireporteduiore 

iliMii IT -:iiui -I ni|f'[ik ciK.'U : Harvard, 

1,1-yij, K_.^.iHUiWui. l,4i.i(. V uiveiMty of Michi- 
gan, 1,475; Oberlin, 1.302; Yale, 1,134; 
Northwestern, 1,100 ; University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1,069. 

In several New York City schools the stu- 
dents are taught to write ambidexirously ; 
and it has been found that writing with the 
left hand has resulted in improved writing 
with the right hand. 

The C. L. S. C. Class of 1887 graduated 
5,000 persons, 687 of whom were present to 
receive their diploma.-? at Chautauqua. 

AceordiiiL' to the most reliable Statistics, 
!■'>- 'I -i- I "J'.:r^ prouounce Latin by the 
i;- ' I I I by the English method, 

\\ I!" \\' ■!■■,■ I iiiversity, of Ohio, a school 
for cDlnicil peijplc, has received from a col- 
ored man of Xenia a deed of property 
worth $50,000. This is the largest gift ever 
received by the institution. 

Co-education of the sexes is carried on 
without limit in the University of Texas. 
Young men and women are admitted to the 
same classes in every department, and are 
eligible to the same degrees and honors. 

Of the 345. 000,000 population of China, it 
i.s estimated that 75.000,000 are children; and 
only ten per cent, of the men and one per 
cent, of the women can read, making about 
13,000.000 able to read. 

Truth's "magic spell" 
" ill. 

7 well, 
A dictionary's 

A goose quill pen is always able to come 
up to the scratch.— Z?o«ton Font. 

The flour of the family you will often find 
becomes college bred. — fmikers Statesman. 

A child in one of the public schools, the 
other day, had occasion to parse the word 
"angel." Coming to the gendersbe stopped, 
dismayed, and asked her teacher "if there 

1 angel 

' Which is the most delicate 

of the sen 

ses ?" 


ore: "The touch." 

Professor ; ' ' Prove i 


ore; "Whet 

you sit 

on a tack. 

You can' 

hear it ; y 

ec it ; you 

don't tast 

it; you can 

I smell i 

; but it's 


"I am 

engaged in 



eflected a student pedagogue, as be chased 
a dodging urchin up and down the aisle of 
a school-house. 
" What is the name of the canal in the 

The child hesitated a moment, and then 
spoke up, loud and plain: "The E-rie 
Canal 1"' 

"Well. I declare; arter I spen' all my 
monny on you studyin' art, you draw a cow 
'doutany tiil." 

Weil ma, de book say strive for effeck, 
an not for detail." — Harper's Bazaar. 

AIr« Henrietta Brooks Davis advocates 
the tblablisbment of a college wherein 
ke pmg will be taught. We prophesy 

Faimcr Bascom : "I do wish the thrcsh- 
f, ni icbme would come around ibis way." 
Jobnn> Bascom: "Ob. pa, that reminds 
D. I lather wanted me to tell you he was 
min" to our hou^e to board next week." 
—Barliii'iton Free Press. 

Little Harry home from school : " I say, 
other, we had our singing lesson today." 
"And how did you gt-t on '(" 
" Teacher said I smg like a bird." 
"Beally— what bird." 
"Like a crow." 

It has been calculated that if 32.000,000 
people should clasp bands they could reach 
around the globe. Very likely, but some of 
hem would get their feet very wet. — Poi-t- 
land Adtertiser. 

Small Huxleyan : "I say, mammy, dis 
yer f riziology say ef a chile bab a narm long 
"nuff to reach to de sun w'en he's bawo, be 
done be ded 'n berried sebenty-fiv eah 'fo' 
eber he gwine feel de sco'cb." 

Mammy (severely) 
Nebcudnezzah .Jones, 
o split de kindli 

shet dat ar book ; 

much laniin^ 'II make 
mad."— //arpcT-'fl Bazaar. 

^S^i»'- AK-r JOUKVAI. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 



recponaib 11117 tt 

U be anppllML 

ow U-rn) Ott 


T"** Joumai'g Generai Agent Jw Canada iiA.J. 
Small, ivhoK htadquarUrt art 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. BUiott Frmer, Secretary " Circle de 
la SaUeC Quebec, (P. 0. Box 164). i* tpecial agmt/or 
(hat city and vidnitj/. Tin International Netot Co., 
11 Bouverie Street (Fket Street), London, are itf 
foreign agentt. 

lluntainger .'. 17 

Tin- t'opybonk Question— A Syoipoaium 17 

fHiandUr II. Petrct and Lyman T). Smith. 

Mrs, Clevelund's Uandwriting 18 

Lines to the Pen— Verses , 18 

Mary Faith F/oyd. 
(iimiUily-Quallty: A Defence of -'Speed" 

Writing , jg 

E. K. Itauct, with Comtnmta by the Editor. 

Okpartmbnt or Puonoorapht SO ai 

Mri. L. B. Packard. 
Phraflinit: Readinu and WrltliJif Exerclsei; 
Notes,-etc. : The I'itmun Testimonial and 
the Stenographers' Assoolatiun ; Uea-Ii nf 
A. F. Wrtibiirtoii ; Humbug. 

Thk RotTOR'a Lbisurb Hour... gj 

Vnlopuk— Vi-raes; Progress or a OeiieraUon; 
AffiHtoiirsand Professionals In Lilerature; 
Astronumy In the Country ; In the Streets 
i>f Peking : Will the PanamR Canal be 
Finished J 
Mali I'ackuKoa by the Million 22-3 

E. K. leaacB. 
lustruotion In Pen- Work— No. 5 23 

B. W. Kibhe. 

Our Pbonoifraphic Lessons : Business Col- 
lege Data ; The Class Drill (iucstton ; etc. 


Doosa; M40AXINM " 04 

Our New Ppcmium Schedule am 

AnvBRTiSKMBirra ,. a]i,3 


PorlraltofE. M. llunlslnger.. 

New Lettering Alphabet by W. F. aelsaeman 
Specimen Account Page by K. M. Hantatnger-. 
Phonographio Soript 

Portrait of A. F, Warbnium !!!..!!!",' 

Cut of the Pitman Medal ,, 
Tiiit Journal's AuTooaAPu Album 

Specimens by G. A. Qruinan. C. C. French. 
s, A. D. llahn and A. N. Palmer. 
K:isy. Rapid, Corresponding Hand for Business 

by W. U. Klbbe, Uluj tratlnn his Lesson 
Cnitit Lincoln Eulogy-Our Limited Special 

Premium— Full Pago 


WiU " Commercial College" pUoM forward 
hin address to ToE Journal office and get the 
letters thai are here for him f We have some 
/loir mislaid his address and lost his identity. 

Editorial Con 


Several paoes of the current issue of 
The Journal are taken up with our prem- 
ium announcements. "We trust that the 
reader will find them of sufticiect interest 
to compensate for the curtailment of the 
usual amount of general reading motter. 

The BsniES of graded lessons in phono- 
graphy by Mrs. L. H. Packard, which have 
extended over a period of about eighteen 
months in The Jouknal, reach their con- 
clusion with this issue. The subject has 
been onrefullyandexhauslively treated, and 
we know of no text-book of any system 
that covers the ground with such succinct-' 
ness and completeness. A person who 
could not obtain a knowledge of the science 
of shorthand sufficient for all ordinary 
business requirements by means of these 
lessons could not do so by any method of 
mail instruction, and it is doubtful if be 
would be more successful at school. We 
desire to exiend our feliciiations to llrs. 
Packard upon this notable achievement, 
and to congratulate those of our readers 
who have availed themselves of ihe benefits 
of her instruction. Of course tbeshortband 
work of The Journal will go right along. 

From od 
Smith, of t 
level head. 

The King Club this moutb numbers 
ninety-two names and was sent by J. C. 
Kane of Eaton & Burnett's Business Col- 
lege, Baltimore, one of the most prosperous 
and stable institutions of commercial train- 
ing in this country. Mr. Kane is a thor- 
oughly live teacher and appreciates the 
importance of having his pupils read The 
JoDRNAL. The Queen Club, of forty-five 
names, comes from Packard's Business 
College, New York. Next in point of 
numbers is a club of thirly-tbree from G. 
W. Ilormau. Soule's Business College. New 
Orleans, and another of thiity-two from E. 
A. Geiger, Hamilton, Out., Business Col- 
lege, both excellent institutions. H. T. 
Engelhorn of the Helena. Montana, Busi- 
ness College, sends iwenty-four names ; F. 
L. Daggetl. Burnett's Business College, 
Boston, fourteen; N. L, Richmond, Onarga, 
111., and G. M. Smithdeal. Smithdeal Busi- 
ness College, Richmond, Ya., twelve each ; 
and a large number of smaller clubs. 

We would be glad to have the views of 
practical writing teachers as to the most 
effective methods of class drill. Of course 
these views would be founded on individual 
experiences. Thry should not exceed four 
hundred words. Our correspondents have 
a tendency to exercise their fine muscular 
movement qualities too freely when they 
write for pubh'cation. 

Some one has been threat! ning to issue a 
business college directory, wiih a special 
fly-leaf for the teachers of penmanship. 
We would like to see such an idea carried 
out. When it is done we trust that atten- 
tion will begiven to the history and develop, 
ment of commercial schools in this 
country. It would make an intcrestiui: 

Is there any one who has taken the 
pains to make even a rough estimate of the 
young men and women of the United States 
and Canada who are now attending schools 
of training in practical business ? If so. 
The Journal would like lo bearfrom him. 
It would like to know just how many more 
attended this year than last, and what 
progress has been made in the course of a 
decade. Perhaps some one will come to the 

A. J. Scarborough is making a very 
bright paper of GasKvU's Magasine. Scar- 
borough goes right ahead, and when any- 
one steps on his toes bits out from the 
shoulder. Chicago is a great old town and 
has a language of its own. Our dyspeptic 
correspondent knows what that means. The 
latest number of the Magaeine is always the 

—At a recent session of the Farmer's Institute, 
held at Peorta, 111,, under the auspices of the Illi- 
nois State Board of Agriculture. Q. W. Brown, 
principal of ihe JaeksonvUlr-, HI., Business Col- 
lege, read an able paper on " Business Education 
of Farmers' Sons and Daughters." 

— C. N. Crandle, penman of the Northern Illlnnis 
State Nonnal School, situated at Dixon, Is winning 
golden opinions by his excellent pen-work. Some 

—Verily the pi^rfeetion of grace and beauty in 
the manipulation of an automatic pen and the 
delicate blending of colors has been reached by 
C. E. Jones, of Tabor, la. Some of ihe specimens 
recently sent us by Mr. Jones will be used In the 
adorment of our studio. 

—As handsome specimens of written Tisttlng 
cards as it has been our pleasure to see in a long 
time come from 0. P. Zauer, Columbus, Ohio, a 
young penman who gives great promise of achieve- 
ment in his profession. There is no excuse for any 
lover of good penmanship to be without specimens 

—A well-executed portr^t of Prof. J. M. Frasher 
adorns the initial page of the Twenty-seventh 
Annual Catalogue of his flourishing business col- 

;, w. ■ 

—P. B. S. Peters, penman of Ritner's Conimer- 
oial College, St. Joseph, Mo., reports that he is 
meeting with success in bis school of penmanship 
by mall. He bandies a pen very gracefully. The 
flourished hovse he offers, elsewhere In this num- 
ber, la gaid to be very good. 

—We hear words of unstinted praise for that 
wortliy young pen artist, A. E. Dewhur&t, of Utica, 
N. Y. Engrossing and general ornamental work 
are his forte. 

—The Shorthand Department of the Western 
Normal College, Shenandoah, Iowa, has proved to 
be a wonderful success under the able manage- 
ment of Prof. W. T. Larimore and his accomplished 
wife. This deparlmcnt has won the confidence 
and esteem of the people of all sections of the 
country. Pupils who have taken the course are 
now engaged in remunerative employment and 
give entire satisfaction as shorthand writers. 
Prof. Larimore reports a class of 200 students tak- 
ing lessons by mail. He will send ten trial lessons 
free to any one sending their name on a postal 

—The Metropolitan Business College, of this 
city, which has unlil lately been conducted by H. 
A. Spencer, has been consolidated with Walworth's 
Busmess College, at 108 and 110 East I25th Street, 
this city, under the title ()f Walwortli's Spcncerlan 
Uu>iue»s College. Botli Messi's Walworth and 
Spencer are geiitleujcn of large experience and no 
ordinary attainments in the conduct of business 
colleges. The new situation being located In the 
upper part and residence portion of the city will 
be convenient to a very large portion of the city, 
and wo can but believe that the institution, which 
is already enjoying a good degree of prosperity, 
will iargc-ly increase its patronage under the new 
and joint nianagemeut. 

—William N, Peacon, who attained celebrity as 
on engrosser during several years past in Brook- 
lyn, died of brain fever in Junuary. Mr. Peacon 
was a captain In Company F, Fourteenth Hegi- 
ment. He was of a onngenial disposition and 
popular among a large circle of 


—'■The Spinner" is the title of Iho admirable 
frontispiece of The American Miujazine for Janu- 
ary. It is engraved from a pictuie by II, Wln- 
throp Pierce. F. M Endlich has a richly Ulus- 

Inited article im " ('iiiii.' IirLtun Island." Joaquin 
Miller coiitrilml.s ver.'-e-^ t^nl.ilk-d "Twilight at 
Na/arelli " '|■hear^t iiiiiJi'inf h series on " Some 
Bohton AitiMs ill lliL-ir ,Mu,!i„s." by William U. 
KiUeini:. is L-stremt-iy iiitc-resting. 

le contents of the Jauu- 

ur tliis nuifiii/,tiie, " A Buttle with the 

r,. R. ri:iir, i- nil .■xci'ptionally graphic 
w I I ;ii 1 1, ml- tells a good story, 
II- ■>u N.i-iii">i;i.Kl I," "The Book 

11. I'liif. liiihiiid A. Proutor aaks Iho 
Have Ghosts Been Seen!"' and relates 

Nightingale" Is th« eubjectof a short poem by 
Fmnk Dempster Sherman. 

—St. AlrAo/.(*conrlnueB to grow better and bet- 
ter. The Januiiry number opens with a character, 
istic poem by the .sweetest of all our American 
singers, John Greenleaf Wbittier. The title is 
"The Brown Dwarf of Itugen." It is fancifully 
Illustrated. Mrs. Burnett conthmes her story for 
glrla of "Sara Crewe." Ueury W. Jessup tells of 
"The Amtisements of Arab Children." Thecon- 
cluslon of Frank It. Stockton's "The Clocks of 
in this number. 

dar and prosperous than to- 

■ American IlUlory opens its 

ith a wonderfully Interesting 

■y numner. "Thurlow Weed's Home In 

iirk City, "where Ihe great politician resided 

_ the last seventeen years of his life, is rlobly 

illustrated with exterior and Interior views, and 

admirable portrait of Mr. Weed in his later 

years is the frontispiece to the number. Tho 

graphic and Informing description of the house. 

and ttsdistinguiehed occupant, is from the ready 
pen of the editor of the mnjcazine, who Introduces 
an account of Mr. Weed's marA'clou^ experience 
in Prance at a critical period In our civil war, in 
his own exact language. A /ac-simite of one of 
President Lincoln's letters to Mr. Weed acoom- 
patiies this valuable paper. The number also con- 
tains its usual departments of Interesting mUoel- 
lany. with book reviews, some of which are Illus- 
trated. This magazine is an Imperative necessity 
to all readers of intelligence. With its etordB of 
varied information, end its careful editing. Its 
value for preservation becomes more and more 
distinctly apparent with each succeeding Issue. ' 
Price $.5.00 a year. 743 Broadway, New York City. 

—The January Wide Awake is the New Year's 
issue, a fine holiday number, delightfully piotorlal, 
giving as it does a dozen of the beautiful pencil 
pictui-es of cblldlife by the English pen-artist, 
Warwick Brookes, together with an autograph 
letter of Mr. Qladstone's. Mr. Letherbrow's ac- 
count of him Is ver>- interesting. But the moat 
valuable artlole of the number is "The Foster- 
children of George Washington." the first of Mrs. 
Harriet Taylor Upton's series, " Children o( the 
White House." This has seventeen illustrations 
from tho beautiful Stuart and Plae paintings and 
from old objects and scenes in and around Mount 
Vernon. Presidential familiesare said to be great 
ly interested m this series, knowing how valuable 
it will remain for all time to come to young Ameri- 
can people. Another delightful conlribution la an 
Illustrated article by Maud Howe (daughter of 
Mrs, Julia Ward Howe) entitled " My Friends, the 
Dogs;" this furnishes the frontispiece: "Mlis 
Maud Howe and Her Dog Sambo," from the 
famous painting by B, C. Porter In the Corcorau 
Gallery, Washington, mde Awake Is only $8 -10 a 
year. D Lothrop Company. Publishers. Boston. 

—The February number of The Popular Science 
Slonthly Is at high-water mark in respect to the 
interest and solid merit of Its articles. The list is 
opened with one of ox-President White's "New 
Chapters In the Warfare of Science." which ex- 
hibits some of the most curiously absurd views 
that have been set forth by theologians respecting 
geological phenomena, and efforts, not always 
graceful, at backing down us the progress of In- 
vestleation and the applications of common-sense 
methods have made their poHitions untenable. 
Lieutenant Charles C, Itogers, of tlie I'nited States 
Navy, presents an uccoiiui, with a colored map, of 
the progress that has liei-n made iti ihe work of 
the Panama Canal, whieh have been prepared 
after observations made by himself on the spot. 
In " The Economic Outlook— Present and Prospec- 
tive "—the eighth of his "Economic Disturbance 
Serieji," Mr. David A. Wells finds that, in spite of 
the friction which the rapid progret-s of civiliza- 
tion and growth of commercial enterprise iiuoeii- 
sarlly involve, the comforts and well-being of man 
have vastly increased, arc incroasEug, and are 
likely to continue to increase. Prof. N. S. Shaler'a 
"Animal Agency in Soil-Makiug" supplements 
Darwin's observations on earth-worms, by show- 
ing how other animals have contributed very 
materially to tlie disturbance, conmilnution, and 
fertlli/.ation of the surface of ihe earth. Dr, Mary 
T, Bissau, writing on ■' Emotions r<rsut Health In 
Women," insists upon the training nf young 
women to think and he useful as the most eSeetual 
safeguard against future perils from excessive 
nervousness. New York : D. Appleton & Com- 
pany. Fifty cents a number, S^ a year. 

—The Increased sales of "The Complete 
Accountant," by O. M. Powers, Principal of the 
Metropolitan Business College, Chicago, attest the 
popularity of that admirable work. The book 
was lii'st put uiion the market In 18T5, but Its 
author in order to keep apace with the progress of 
his science completely revised and remodeled It 
lust fait, so that the revised edition is praotioally a 
new work. It is bcantifully printed in clear type 
and on excellent papi;r. The many pages devoted 
to aceiiunts are lulntcd iu two colors. The work 
is uniiiue aud comprehensive and appears to 
thoroughly fit the purpose for which It was de- 

—Messrs. J. S. Ogilvle & Co., publishers. 31 Rose 
Street, New York, have favored ua with a little 
book of 130 pages, containing 700 verses suitable 
for autograph albums. The price of the work is 

—We find a good many bright bits in " Palmer's 
Guide to Muscular Movement." There are forty- 
el;;ht lessons In writing by the author, besides In- 
Htriiftion in the nrt of nourishing and examples of 
U-iii-iiiiL-lty w.'ll-kn.iwnteachersand arllsta. A.C. 
Weill. cMiiiiiiiiiifs s.-me lessons in pen drawing 
Willi, li iiiL- .iiiiiii.i.iiily illustrated. The price of 

—From C. W. Bardeen, publisher, Syracuse, we 
have received "A Quiz-Book on the' Theory and 
Practice of Teaching." The volume is hy A. P. 
Southwlck. A. M., well known as an auihorof text 
books of this character. Every teacher should 
have a copy of this work. 

"TJie Lltlingniphevs' and Photographers" 
riiifi ''TV ■■ i'nh!l-ii^il liy"The Lithographer Pub- 

li- / ' " I p. .1 1;.,, luiiig, Brest, and Treas,, at 12 

«v, : . Ik; price $a. Is a very com- 

l>i. ■ I i^-ive work. Tho Directory 

pon^e. and <.:aiitaliia a complete list of all firms 
connected In any manner with Lithography. 
Photography, or the Onipbto Arts ami allied 
Trades Iu the United States, Canada, Mexico, and 
Ceutrai and South America, and is tlie oidy publl 
cation of Its kind ever prepared on this continent. 
The mailing of 140,000 Inquiry circulars was a 
single Item In ltd compilation. 


TiK' niiuiliful (Jraiill.iiiiolu Eiilofc-) icpi-psfiiteil liy tlic al>o>i' iidmcil lut, slzi- 'Jiix^s inilies, ajiil Elegautlj Piintod on Ucav) Plate Paijcr siiitalili' 
for Fraiiiiiis. is olTereil as a Siifcial Prpmiiim nltli nil Rpnewnls and New Snl>s(rl|ition» iMclvcd by March 15, in lien of otlifr Proniinms. It is one of the 
Most Elaborate and Artistic Pen Designs ever pat on paper. Hnudrcds of Copies hore been Sold nt $1 cocli, at whlcli price it is mailed from the Jonrnul Ofllce. 

An r J<)ITIJ.\AI7 


Preserve this Number for Future Reference. 


The Premium Schedule outlined below goea into effect trom this date. The old 
premiymt. howertr, will not be withdrawn vntil March 15. Until that timt tht Biibseriber 
VI ay take hia choice of either schedule. 

Jit-member that after March 15 no i»reinnim Mi'« he giteii for renewah andno 
premium wiUgo with a aubscription. 

Aa was announced in the last issue of The Journal, our old plan of premiums 
offered in connection with subFcriptious will be withdrawn after the I5th of March. No 
premium will be given to a new subscriber, or for a renewal, after that dale. The price 
of Thf, Jotjbnal will be one dollar a year, and if it is worth buying at all it is worth that 
much money. 

Whatever premiums may be offered under our new plan will be for getting 
scriptions. That is to say, the person already a tubscrihcr who shall interest himself i 
inducing others to subscribe will he entitled to whatever premium rewards we may cfTe 
The new subscriber will get the paper and nothing else. If he, in turn, wants to 
himself of our liberal offers it will be an easy matter for him to do so by going among 
his friends and raising a club. 

Wc present herewith our new schedule of premiums upon the plan already outlined. 
The offers are liberal and we doubt not will prove highly satisfactory to our palrots. 

It must be borne in mind that the person sending us a club and claiming the premiums 
therefor must himself first become a subscriber, if he is not already on our boolis, and 
lliat no premium is given for a renewal or a transfer of subscription. The object is to 
increase our subscription list, and they are intended to pay for the work necessary lo 
attain this object. A mere transfer of one's own subscription to a member of the some 
family, or to any one else, does not increase our subscription list. It is not a new sub- 
scription in the sense that would entitle any one to a premium. 

The articles offered in our list arc selected with particular regard to their usefulness 
and appropriateness to the field that we cover. By special arrangement with the manu- 
facturers we have been enabled to get the lowest trade discounts on these goods and we 
offer them to our subscribers without profit in connccticn with sul scripticts. 

How to Send Nnines. 

In making large clubs send in your names as you get them, never forgetting to notify 
us at the time to enter the subscriptions to your credit on our agent's hook, in order that 
when the requisite number is received lo entitle you to the desired premium there nay tc 
no misunderstanding in the premises. 

For instance, we will suppose that you have made up your mind to capture the Stan- 
dard Columbia bicycle, which we offer for a club of one hundred and forty names 
and ten dollars cash. You have all the rest of the year 1888 in which to complete your 
club ; but of course you want to go to work at it immediately, because we only have one 
of these bicycles at our disposal, and the first person claiming it under our terms will be 
the one to get it. You go about among your friends and obtain, say, ten subscriptions 
the first day. Send us on these names with the money, always reminding us to place 
them to your credit. Then send on your names as fast as you can get them, and when the 
aggregate reaches one hundred and forty you will be entitled to Ihe machine on 
remitting the cash balance of $10. 

Now, suppose in the meantime some one else has been more active than yourself and 
captured the bicycle. All the names that you have sent still stand to your credit and 
entitle you to whatever premium may be offered for that number. Or, suppose instead of 
raising the one hundred and forty subscriptions you only succeed In obtaining 
seventy-five. This will entitle you to receive any premium offered for seventy-five sub- 
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The only condition that we make is that you must chum your premium some time 
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It will be readily seen that by this plan there la no chance for the person who works 
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Peiiniaiisliip Pi-eiiiiums. 

For a single new subscription we offer any one of the premiums which we have been 
including with a subscription. These are Ames' Guide, in paper; Ames' Copy 
Slips, or either of the following pen designs : 

Lord's Prayer Size, 19x34 

Flourished EagU ' ■ 24x32 

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Fiimilg Rrmrd " 18x23 

M'irriagc Certificate " 18x22 

Thousands of copies of each of the above works have been sent out from The 
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For ten new subscriptions we will send by express a copy of Ames' New Com- 
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commercial designs, besides engrossed resolutions, certificates, memorials, etc. A work 
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Combination Penmanship Preminms. 

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For cloth-bound Guide, add twenty five cents. 

subscriptions your choice of ihe following ; 
The celebrated Alta Edition of popular twelve n 

■ hundred volumes of the most popular and best 
j books. 
Each book is bound in the handsomest manner, with a beau- 
irul black and gold side stamp, ornamental side and silk ribbon 
The list includes : 

Robinson Crusoe, by Daniel De Foe : Arabian NIglita 

..__ .,_ ^ L. .. . i_ ">-'---,_ ijy jgflg Port). . 

) Abbey, br Retcina Maria 

' "' 

Pierre ; Bir 

n at ban 

by Charles 

' f Charles . _ 

PreblBtorlo World, by Elie 
;s from, by Agnes Strickland 
ni&tory. Tiue Storlea from, by Agnes 
Brantly, by T. S. Arthur ; Cook's Vote 
llarrlson ; Camp-Flres of Napole< — ^' 

it.byCb_. ._ 

by Charles Dickens; David Copperfield. by Chatles DIckei 

ens ; PreblBtorlo World, by Elie Bertbet ; History, Stories from. _, _, 

Tales from, by Agnes Strickland ; Ancient History. True Stories from, by A 
.__ , i._ . Strickland; Orange Blossoms, by T. 

: Itemarkable Events 
B Plancbe; Modei 

, Clai 
■,by Sir 

the World' ,. . 

sirs. !)v E, E. Hale, Bayi 
by Caiitaln McClli 

Around the World; Battles of the Republic, by Henry W, 
Watson : Roroauce of the Revolution, by Oliver B. 
by L. H. Young ; Evening AmuBementK, by fYederic 

Schmucker ; Frontier Life, Tales of the Southwefctei 

Suiyih; Lady 

Schmucker; I_ . _ 

Sovereigns, by Mrs. Jameson: Pioneer 

Heroes, by J. O. Brayman; Thrilling A._ 

Teller, selections from the best authors ; CbriaD 
■ " MDlot ; King of Conjr 

■ ■ '■■ of, byB. F. 

Taylor and others; Travelers In j , ._ 

k; Children's Bible Stories, by Mrs. Gileeple 
le Scenes In French History, by Samuel M. 
Border, by Frances Hardmau ; Celebrtited Female 

I. by J. 0. Braynia 

Teft ; Daniel Webste 

by Robert Iloudtn ; Speuches of I 

by Bancroft : Daniel itoone. by Edw S. Ellis ; David Crockett, by Edw. S. 
Sargent and Horace Greeley : Andrew Jackson, Life of. by John s. J 
Montgomery; Heni-y Vlll. and His Six Wives, by Henry WiDIom Herb 

; Heniy Clay, by : 

Bartlett; Patrick Heniy, by Willtai 
ninkpns ; Barnaby Hudge. and Hard 1 

by Charles Dickens ; Dombey & i 

laby Hudge. and Hard Times, by Charles I 

r of the World in Eighty Days, by Juies Verne 

by Jules V 
by Thomas 
Meredith ; 

: Whim 
d ; Up 

)sity Shop and Reprinted Pieces, by Charles 
" 'i House, by Charles r' ' ' '" 

Jnderground City, bj 
1 Pole, by Jules Verne ; Desert of Ice, 
: Wreck of the Cbanceltor, 

by Charles Dickens; Underground City, by Jules Ve; 

Verne; At the North Polf ' - ' ' - " " ' 

under the Sea. by Jules \ 

il Oddities, by Thomas Hood ; 

" ' ■ 1 Eyre, by Charlotte 


e ; Lucile, by C 

Tales, by Edgar Allan 1 

Andersen's Fairy Tales, by Hans Andersen; Poe's 

ili\'- Ih-tMry of England, five volumes; Martlneau's History of Eng- 
land.'four volumes; (.'buiii > <j M ili.n i y ( li.irles Lever; Harry Lorrequcr. by Charles Lever; Handy 
Andy, by Samuel Lover ; Tim e <.uaril-iiHD, by Alexandre Dumas; Tom Brown at Oxford, by Thomas 
Hugbes ; East Lynne: or, ibe Eur Is DHujiliter. by Mrs. Henry Wood ; John Halifax, Gentleman, by Miss 
MuTock ; The Last of the Mobicunc, by Jumes Fenimore Cooper; Adam Bede, by George Eliot. 

The r-etail price of these works is seventy-five cents per volume. The titles speak for 

For a club of fifteen and fifty cents additional : 

Charles Dickens* Complete Works (TTi 

tion) ; fourteen volumes; 12mo. Superbly hound, 
gether one of the richest editions of the unapproachabl 
works iu print. By Express. 

The price of this set is $10.50 when sent otherwise than 

For two new subscribers : 

History of tlie United States, iu LLrouo- 
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41)2 to the year 1888, including notices of Manu- 
i< lures as they were introduced; of other Indus- 
ries ; of Railroads, Canals, Telegraphs and other 
niprovements ; of Inventions, Important Events, 

This dainty book of 2C0 p 
a work of quick and c 
.._ Irelr ' -' ■ • 

Ispe usable t 

entirely novel ¥nd"origlnar p1an,*whlch makes 
every person, no mutter how many othi 

i and lock- 

under Its proper date all important patei 
es in science and the usefiil aria.- (irp« a,., 
f'TiiK, tornadoes, cyclones, epidt 
-'• I ^ uri seji and land ; labor troul 
,111.1 hundredsof other matters never mentioned by 

:\; ii storehouse of facta it is without a rival. 
Printed from large type on fine paper, hand- 
ely bound in cloth with ink and gold side 
stamp. Regular price |1.00. 
•ibcr : The history above described, paper bound. 


For one new subscriber and six cents additional postage, your choice of the 
following works : 

Dicks' Commercial Letter Writer and Book oi 
BusiueMS Forms; 200 pages ; bound in boards. This worl 
includes correct forms for Business Notices and Cards, and Part 
nership Announcements ; for Applications for Employmei 
neatly-worded Answers to Inquiries and Advertisements; f 
occasional Circulars, properly displayed, and for drawing i 
Business Documents, Notes, Checks, Receipts, Mortgages, .\ 
signments. Wills, Power of Attorney. Letters of Credit, An - u 
Sales, Accotmts Current, Invoices, Bills of Lading, etc.. uml t 
correct method of adjusting General and Particular Averages. 

It contains, in addition, a Glossary of Technical Terms us 
in commerce ; a rapid and simple method of computing Interest 
Table showing the value of Foreign Coins in United Slates Ci 
rency, and other usefid, practical and interesting information. 

How to Conduct a Debate. A Series of Complete 
Deliatcs. Outlines of Debates aud Questions for Discussion. In 
the complete debates tbe questions for discussion are deflned. 
Ilie debate formally opened, an array of brilliant arguments 
ad<luced on eitber side, and tbe debate closed according to Parlia- 
mentary usages. The second pari consists of questions for debate, 
with beads of arguments, for and against, given in a condensed 
form for tbe speakers to enlarge upon to suit their own fancy. In 
addition to these are a Large Collection of Debatable Questions. The 
authorities to he referred to for information are given at the close of 
every debate. By Frederic Rowton. 232 pages, paper. 

The same hound in hoards, cloth back, for />ro new suli- 

Briidder Bonos* Book ot Stump Speeches and 
Burlesque Orations. Containing Humorous Lectures. Etbio 
pian Dialogues, Plantation Scenes, Negro Farces and Burlesques, 
Laughable Interludes and Comic Recitations, interspersed witli 
Dutch, Irish, French and Yankee Stories. Compiled and editui 
by John F. Scott. 

This book contains some of the best hits of tbe leading nei^ro 
delineators of the present time, as well as mirth-provoking joke? 
and repartees of tbe most celebrated End-Men of tbe day, 
specially designed for the introduction of fun in an ever 
entertainment. Bound in paper. 

For the school and the home these books are equally appr< 
priate. Tbey are entertaining and instructive, and are of then 
selves worththe price of a new suhserlptiou, 


IT II bo FPad TV h pipasure and profltby a 1 ItwiU i kew ae be 'found' 
JU°»J»P*»r. Hlrtory. ^at^Iral aiatory. Travel a, Mann'et 
Invemionat Sllnlnit, 'Wondera « 

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FvrJoO »Hhscription« and |5 cash additional. 

The machine offered is the latest im- 
proved, price |I00. Such an opportunity 
for an industrious young person who 
wants a good start in life (thousands are 
earning a good living with no other capi- 
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as is embodied in the offer of the Reming- 
ton or tbe other novelties named below. 
By Express. 

Only one of tlieso premiums. 
~'"^ First come, first served. 


" ^O If i Ij Vydopedia described ahoie for tico 

' aubscnplio 

For one new subscriber : 
A book of lEetitations and Readiug-s, comprising nearli/ four hundred 
standard selections suitable for entertainments, private readings, etc. The cover is heavy 
paper, with pretty lithographed design. We know of no volume of the kind likely to give 
as much satisfaction. 

Four Books in One f No Household is Complete Without II f 


complete e.\pen mucbmcs upon the market. 
The saw swings nearly sixteen inches in tbe 
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It is made entirely from iron and steel, ex- 
cept the wood tables and pilmans. It is so 
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More work can be accomplished with it in 
the same space of time than with any ama- 
teur saw in the market, and it is tbe easiest 
running saw yet produced. By actual test it 
will saw solid black walnut J^ incli tliick at 
rate of two feet per minute. Though not 
calculated for heavy carpenter work, it saws 
inch walnut very readily. The band drill 
that is given with it is much superior to tbe 
ordinary side drill attachment. 

A 75c. hand drill, a Sflc. screw driver, $1 
worth of patterns aud one dozen saws go 
with each machine. 

Sent only by Express. 
The Celebrated House Patent Lathe. Sent by Express >r a Club of Seven. 
The Saw and Lathe. By Express. For a Clubof Ticenty 8i.c. 

Genuine Paillard Musical Box. 

For a Club of Twelve. 
This is a beautiful box, playing four tunes. The accompany- 
ng cut shows style of case. The price of tbe box separately is 
?>*. Sent by Express. 

This deservedly popubir machine woi 
on a new principle, and may he made 
print anyhiuguage from Greek to Cherokee. 
Tbe style of its type can be changed in a 
rice, separately, $100.00. By 
E.\ press. 
Only Ouc Hammond Premium. 

scription would be superfluous, 
separately, $85. By Express. 

Only One Cali^apli 

Standard Columbia Bicycle. 

Fir a Cliih of 140 and $10 cash additional. 
The merits of the Columbia Bicycle and its well-earned 
putatiou of being the best wheel manufactured, 
i our part unnecessary. This is a great cba 
who is pent up in a school room most of hif 
time to acquire the means of the 
ful and refreshing out-door 
It is no less of an opportunity for a bright 
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three subscribers a week without hardly 
getting out of sight of his front door ? 

The machine we offer is a flfty-iuch (or 
under) wheel, with ball bearings. Price $100. 
If a larger machine is desired, $2.60 must be | 
added for every two inches. 

Wo have only one of tliese 
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make the Club will g-et it. 


It consists of n 
beautiful little camera 
Morocco, and will 
III !i k e a photograph 
3'.jx4'4 inches in size, 
and is provided with a 
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package Hyposulphite 
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sheets each 
Silvered and Blue 
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tie of Gold or Toning 
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ind full direc. 
lions for making Ruby 

needed to make and complete a photograph, 



We hare secured Special Rates from one of the leading firms of Watch 3Tat)iifactiirers 
in the World, and are enabled therehif to viake some astonisJihifjh/ Ion- C/abhhif/ Offers. 
Bear in mind that these n-atrhes are not toi/s or Waterbtinjs, bat f/enuinr Titnrpieces of 
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are nnequaled. 

Opcntace Case, wilbout Seraiid Hand ; witb Milled Center, Engine-Turned Back (cut A) ; or your Monogram Engraved (cut B), as folio 
Sllvcr-Nicklc Plate, for a Club of Twelve; (iolrt-PIate, for Sixteen Subscribers. 

WATCH No. : 

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Gold Plate, for a Clnb of Twenty. 

Elegant Hunting Case, Extra Gold-Plate Watcli, 
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out Monogram. A Timepiece of the first excellence, 
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Genuine Stylograpliic Pen, 
Size, Given for Four New Subscription 

hov tftt cftitu e.vtm thr pen mil be- nent by 




Belgian Breech - Loading Double- 
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I.itauoheus Action, liliii- Steel liinels. 10. 12 and IB Calilier. 
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An Elegant Side Snap Double-Barrel Breech- 
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Every one who reads this to send foi 


r of that wonderful Puzzle Pen- 

By DUR.NEW Ite^rE Pi^oqe 

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Instructions Given in Penmanship, 

\ thorough course of 13 lessons in plain pen- 
iusbip Trill be given by mail for »3.00 cash iu 

rou can receive just as good instruction, make 
5t as rapid improvement at yonr homes as at an 
stitute of Penmanship or Business College. You 
11 save railroad fare, board bills and an expen- 
e tuition, and have the privilege of being at 

i thorough and c 



Lited SI 

charge. By taking 
time, by home prr 
penman, and with 

son is executed wit 

is carefully examined and a handsomely 

in the United States for three ti 

by home practice, 

anywhere else 

a is executed with care. The student 

letter i-< seat, pointing out Ms principal faults : 
telling him just how to avoid making them, v 
elegantly written copies for practice. After pi 
ticing for a time, the student sends me his t 
efforts, which I criticise and at the same time n 
another lesson. In this v 

step until he reaches tl 
Thfpc are thousands of 

top round. 

obtain good positions, 

By giving the subject a little 
lours and taking a few lessons or some gooa pen- 
nan this trouble could be easily overcome. There- 
ore, I urge all who wish to obtain a good hand- 
sriting to Iryniy course by mail. I have never 
'ailed to make good penmen out of all who were 
^■illing to do their part as well as I did mine. 

I believe the best recommendation of this course 
a a few words from those who have tried It. The 
ollowing portrait is that of Mr, W. A. Munroe, 
iirmerly of Chariot totown, N. S.. now employed 
n a large steamship oEBce In New York city (8i 
iroad street) Mr. Munroe is one of the finest 
s writers in this country, and he a<:quired it 

Read what he says: 


Under his portiii: 


. W. Daein, Dear Sir— Your last lesion 
t received and like all preceding ones U fine : 
ry respect. I shall cordially 
ill who wish lo improve tlielr . 
y small cost. Your's truly. C. M. Holt. 
West Epping, N 

ed and like 

o improve tliefr penmanship 

" ■■ M. Holt. 

Epping, N. U. 

th confidence recommend him 

;ln'rs what he has himself 
HT) he stands among the 

A. H. Ross, 
iL'ieward, Ont., Canada. 

utrtalnly done me much 

good and I feel that your 

all for^ the service rendered. 


completed tljls course but for 

Y work before ordering the 
id a beautiful piece of poetry, wrii- 
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I have a good testimonial from every student 
I'ho has completed this course but for want 
pace only the above are gis'en. If you wish 
ee some of my work before ordering the cour 
end 15 cts. and a beautiful piece of poetr; 

ired I 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 

Syracuse, N. Y, 

iS.SO I will send 12 sets of copies with 15 
n a set, graded for the uee of writing teach- 


13.00 1 will give a course of sis lessons in 

iff-hand flourishing, One large and beautiful 

1 will be sent with tt ' " " 

learn this beautiful 

specimen will be sent with the 
' -- '- — this beat 

! S6 c 

practice from. 

I can now furnish the very best quality of linen 
«3.5dp6rream,or 82.00 for Tialf ream, sent by 

your name well by having the best copies to prac- 

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practice from. 
Address all orders to 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 



The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


j>Ieinberof the A.cadeiny of Yolapftk— President of the Institute of Accouuls. 

One vol., 12mo, 128 pi*. Heavy pa2}ei', bound. Price, postugi- pttiif, $J. 


This work, in the preparation of which neither labor nor expense has been spared . 
comprises : 

1. An introduction explaining the Purposes, Origin and History of VolapUk and of 
the Volapuk movement. 

2. A grammatical exposition of the structure of the language. 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radicals and the formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by suffixes. 

5. " Spodam ;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. "Lilitdam;" Reading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, Votapi'ik-English, and English- VolapUk. 

In addition there is a portrait of Schleyer, with extracts from his writings ; a state- 
ment in Volapuk of the changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key to the 
xerciscs for correcting home work. 

r international 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in part to the m 
language is The Office. 

In it the department entitled *' Volaspodel," contains progressive lessons in 
Volapilb, with special reference to commercial correspondence. Publishid monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies, 10 cents each. 

For circulars of the Hand Book of VolapUk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 


n t/iUji 



iir business records, by a graduate of one of the best patronized and thoroughly conducted buslnes) 
itilleges in the country, who holds their examination card marked wiih the maximum of 100 per cent, ii 
ivery examin Ltion, and is competent to give the best of instruction lu this hran h of education. 
First Lesson, S3. Address, 

-If H. W. KIBBE, Utic-v, N. Y. 

is Dead. 

C. BIX LER ^^^f^il.rTi^,'''" WOOSTE R. OHIO. 



The copies are elegantly engraved on conper, printed from stone on the finest kind of very heavy 
plate paper. All copies new; no re-hash. Tiiere are two parte: 
Part one contains seventeen slips. These slips are not bound together, and one can be taken out of 
the case and the others kept clean. Every necessary copy Is given. 
This is tlie most complete and comprehensive " Instruct ion Book 

a work of this kind. It does n_ . 
all the hard points. 

Prof, x:, M. Lamson, Pr 

thorough ea-aminatton I pronounc 

difficult things in writing but explains 

iTth double tho prici 

Agents wanted in every town and school. A liberal ilHttouni l' 
Collect all other "Compendium*" oa writing, send for :i ■ 
lis work is not better arranged, has not a belter quulit\ ■ 
innt give more for the money than any similar work nubli^il' i 
ago for return, providing it be returned In good tondition, U , 

The complete work n 
Address either of the pla< 

' and compare, 
money and pay 

L neat and substantial case to any ac 

stamps not taken. 





Five More Plates at 

Kibbe's Alphabets. 

forcDgrossing D 

e best style of lettering k 


A white faoed letter, with dark backtrround and 
flowen. Elaborate and suited to costly engross- 
ing. Two style* of finish shown. 

No. 2S. Artltitic Rustic. 

Easy to execute, rapid, and the most artistic 
efTeot In rustle lettering yet produced. Money re- 
turned to anyone who will say that this plate Is 
not worth the price of the five. 


:, combined with 

e and rapidity of execution, thle alphabet lead: 
me world. Count (hf» egotistic If you like after 
having examined the iettertt. 

No. 37. Scrolllne Letters, 
o styles of scrolls with appropriate lotterlut; 

ornamentation. Very i 

Instruction by Mail. 

BuslneHs Wrltli));. 

Complete Courae of Twenty-s 

Business Writing, iuoluding all letters, fleures and 

'-"" '-~sh from the pen. with printed Instruc- 

a for each lesson and explanation of 

and position, with illustra- 

A Course of Twelve Lessons in Flourishing in- 
uluding Principles. Birds, Eagle, Swan and parts 
for practice, fresh from the pen, with printed In- 
' " " i position for holdhig pen illustrated, 

804 E. r. Pens b 

e setting Immense quantities of OilUott's 

!■: Pens because they are the finest product 

of the best Pen Makers in the world, and give unl- 
ion. One-fDurth gross, ^. One 
D gross, SI. 50. Address, 


A handsomely illustrated Monthly giving lessoi 

on Writing, Letter Writing, Etc. 

Onjy 60 Cents per annum, with premlui 

1 Sound, Ontario, < 

6 15c. '■Chirographic Editors." 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

mental Specimen, 


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Charles Rollinson, 

for the past 13 years with D. T. Awes, 


=^ C 


Expressly adapted for professional use and oma 

mental piinmanship. 





All of Standard and Superior Quality. 





Makes a Shaded Mark of 1 


For Indelibly marking household fabrics with 

no heat or preparation needed. The eaeiest to 
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Fifteen years on the market and no fault found. 
Ask your stationer for It. It Is the best. Take no 
other. Or, send 25 cents for it to 


Penman's Badge. 

What every Student and Teacher naiits I 



' ■ Question Books wll h Answers. " This is a series 
of four small books, comprising U. 8. Hlatory, 
Geography, Grammar and Arithmetic, each book 
oontainiDg 1001 practical questions and answers. 

These are positively the only question books 
published that are complete enough on a single 
branch to be of any help to teachers or others In 
preparing for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 

001 Questions with Ai 

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e scope of Arithmetic, this fc 

each subject, the solutions being placed 

questions with a 

a this book there 

" 1001 Questions with A 


I Uu strati ona, fall 


I parsing ot difflcuJl words, are 

1 Questions with Answers on C. 8. H18- 
Dcuidlng the Federal Constitution and 

I Questions with Answers on GEO< 
r,"embraclDg Dest-rlptive. Physical and M 
-_i ^ 1;_ tm.„ descriptive qneetioi 

lacQ grand division separately, thm 

"*"'■--" 'reshhisml-^ 

. reading ( 

abllng the student to refresh his mind on any p 

1 in cloth and mailed to any ELddrees a 

i Broadway, New York, 


"Worth nil others together."— .fffwicui. 



Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. I 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 

Branch Store. .97 Houston Strpet. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

r Btndents, schools, and 

practical forms for the capital and s 

It gives 

figures r thus keeping 

nt before the writer 

ting. This nUer la 15 inches 

.„, leanef* 

by mall 


their writing. Addreas, 

script alpht 
ever present i 

tn length, metal edged. 
Sent by mall to any ad 
It is Invalaable to all v 

ieeking to Improve 

205 Broadway, New York. 

BARNrMA CO..NO. 20N.Willimn St.. 
Thrtc dours from Park Itow, N. T. Citj-. 




Revised Editio 


All the good in the old issue Is retained and put 
In better shape, while new matter has been added 
sufficient to embody the latest and best Ideas. 
Typographically, the new Issue is a model of neat- 

of reference or an encyclopedia on the subject of 
is purely a 


and Is arranged with the view of developing the 
THINKING CAPACITY of the student. Full 
explanations are given, but much is left (or the 
student to work out, and results to find. 


embodying the entire work has been prepared 
which will enable AJfT teacher to readily handle 
the work. 
If you want to Increase the EfBoienoy of your 

If you want to hold the Interest of your Students 

in their Work ; 
If you want to Teach the Latest and Best Ideas; 
If you want to give your Students plenty to i 

e Edition, S3 t 




HAVE MANY ,^C0^^^^ 
HOT FOUND ■►{^^^ ^^,,3 






W6 want good, active, reliable agents in every 
part of the United States and Canada not at present 
occupied by our agents, to take subscriptions for 
the JounNAx and to sell the new 

and our other publications. We have agents who 
•send us hundreds of subscriptions every year, 
without going outside of their Immediate noigli- 
twrhood. Upon the liberal commissions we offer 
this is a money-making business. Write at once, 
as we will close with the first reliable parties who 



The SUndard Practical Penmanship, a portfolio 
embracing a complete library of practical writing 
Includine the new Magic Alnbabet. capable of 
heinc written by any one lerfbly five times as fast 
as ordinary writing. Is mailed for 81.00. from the 
New York office only. Address 

H. A. SPENCBR, lit 

Spencerlan Business College, 96 Eut lltt St, IT. 1. 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The host system and thorough 
lustruction. Send stamp for pamphlet and speci- 
men of writing. 

8-12 Teacher of Shorthaud, f ittsburg. Pa. 


WANTED^:";.':";"",-; ""/;;':■'■:• r";;:;';S 



W. W. OSOOODB?. PQbllilier. Booieiter. H. r. 



TKACUEKS learned ."(horthand. 

and instniction 

and secured position 

_ by mail _ _.. 

iraed by l ,000 graduates. D. L. 

or and Instructor, 261 West Hth St., New 


OWELL & HICKCOX'S School of Shorthand, 
22 School St., Boston, Is the leading Aman- 
I Tralnlnif School in New England, and one 

be obtain ea. 

) few iuBtitutloiui of lt5 kind i 

$4 R^^ A neat box containing com- 

I m%9\J% plete outfit for Shorthand 
pupils, such SA note books, penolls, pens, rubber 
inkstand, etc., etc.. will be sent, postpaid, or ex- 
pressage prepaid, to any part of the United States 


S Broadway, New Yori 



On the Mississippi, abnut 


Peirce's System of Penmanship- 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Membership In the Business Department Is 
2d. A Membership in the Penmanship Depart- 
ed. The total expense is about one-half that of 

guarantee luperi&r instruction and ex- 

three letter stamps for Journal, olrcu- 

:imen of Penmanship. 

B'a System of Penmanship, with Method 

Revised, perfected, improved. The 

^~ "' iple copies sent 

of Penmanship 


in larger cities. 

eel lent results. 

6th. Send thi 
lar and specimen of Penmanship. 

7th. Pelrr-'- "--' " 

of Instruct .. , ,__.__. 

eleventh edition now ready. Sample copies 
"- receipt of -25 cents. By the dozen, "' 

" " Pei , 

w cents per vomme. uememDer, it is the only 
book of its kind ever published ; containing seven 
hundred (700) questions and 700 answers, together 

ail pertaining to Penmanship, and covering 113 
pages of superior paper. 

»th. The SECOND volume of this "TREATISE 
will be announced in these columns when r 

loth. A set of " Tracing Exercises " with 

Ad<^eas all communications to 

Chandler H. Peirce, 




Size 22x28. in India Ink, for Ho, Flourished Bird 
or set ot Caps for 16c. Pantographs for enlarging 
and reducing designs on/i/50o. Lessons by mail a 
success. Send for circulars giving full informa- 
tion of my specialties not advertised hero. Small 
fiooi'lsh aud catalogue for 6o. Address, 

Penman Kltner's College. 
0-12 St, Joseph, Mo. 





Penmanship and 


Send $1. S?, $■'), or $.') for I 
sample retail box, by eitpres 
i.f the Best CANDIES h 


'■*» Am .iOIIKN.viJ 




Business College, 

707 to 713 Broad StM'NeworIt, N. J., 

Trains Yoiinc Men, Boya, Mlddle-aecd Men and 
Touoft Ladies for a successrul start Id Busint'ss 
life. The Largest and most popular School In the 
country. Course of study oonibines Theory with 
n — .: — (jy a system nf business transBotions, 

3 Vacutions. Rates I 

based OD real v 

Graduates assisted t. -.,, , 

Catalogue and College Journal mailed t 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of Its kind in America. 

Laboblt Patronized and Hiosly Endorsed. 

StudtnU ntno rfijUtered from every Statt and 

Taritorv and nearly all Britith American Provineee. p 

The Course of Study and Practice includes | 






Distance no objection. Low rates and satla- 

faotlon guaranteed. Send two letter stamps for 

3a-page AnDonnoement and TeatlmoDlals. 

Addrbbs as abovb. lO^ia 

y( / J^ 

"Williams' School of Penman- 
ship by Mail '* 

Is now one of the departments of los Angeles 
Business College and English Training School. 

My school by mail is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for S5.00. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorouKb drill under our personal 
instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 
roansbip Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
cts. D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 

Pen Artist. Utica, N. Y., 

Does all kinds of Ornamental Pen Work 4 
' "Iplomas, Certificates, Resolutions, 
in a sktllfii! and artistic manner. 

. s oi nourishing fret' ' 
3 for 25 cents. Large pli 


PEN for 15e.; 9 Soi«. «i si ■ .■) 

POWDERS and Direo'tii. 

AUTOMATIC PENS. Nos. to 5, 26o, each. 5 for 

Two Pens. 3 Alphabsts. S Inks and IssTHrmoNs 
s less than %\. 

Penmanship Department 
Northern llliiKiis Nui-mal .ScIk 





II write you one dozen of his finest cards In 


The Wonderful Maciilne for Writing Shorthand. 
Easy, Accurate and Kcliahle. Send stamp for a 
33 page Circular. Machines sent on trial. 


3 Union Square. 

r Pub. Co., 8t. Louis, Mo. 

Will be Mailed ou Keceipt of 30 Cents. 

A Specimen Letter to you personally ;[o c. 

A Sheet of Combinations . :iOc, 

A Dozen Cards yo^. 

A Price List of My Work o ^^ 

A Lesson in Flourishing 50 c, 

Alt of the Above __ ej .jq 

2-ia Address. C. P. ZANER. Co lumbus. Ohio. 

H fj l\l l_ T '^"cin? t^il° aid tt'Ick strokes 
i,.^. in solid black lines-Permanent 

EXCELLENT Black Copies of anyfking wHtUn or 

drawn with ant/ Feu (or Type Writer) by the patent 


ApTocoPYisT Co.. 166 William. Street. New York. 
^-SEND 25 CTS. and get your name and town In 


on Sis Fine Lead PtJicils Catalogne School Sup- 
plies and N.-,ve!tlea with 6r3t order Address 
1-M»:]:mjt J 1 1 I I |I|H tJ^^HM^ 

etf _^_^ 


Send me your name written in full, and 25 cents 
and I will send you one dozen or more ways of 
writing it. with instructions : or send me a 2 cent 
stamp, and I will send vou addressed in my own 
hand, price list descriptive of Lessons by Mall, Ex- 
tended Movements. Traclntr Exercises, Capitals. 

P S.-xi^po-tai^.^-V. ',?.:.''! '!.','" ■^'^"'-■'•"1. Jowa. 


For ■: Cents j- ■ i.-iiedwill fur- 




for ruling 


for ruling down Ledger A 

nd saving two-thirds the _ 

Ides dotug the work aa perfectly as a machine, 
Also In a moment converted into an Oblique Holder for 
In use, be- 
retalns Its 

Plourishlne and Shading, and the only perfect 

,.- .- _..^ anele while the 

position In a direct line with the axis of the holder, whioh' 
comes the tipping over tendency unavoidable in the ordinary 

The " MULTIPLE " i" as sure to be indispensable to every 
commercial school as is the rule Itself, and will i-ave several 
times its cost each day In time and perfect work. 

Samples mailed for Mo,, aftd special liberal terms to col- 
leges and schools wishing to adopt them. 

12-3 p, 0. Box MU New York City. 




THF RF^T *"" ''"' Pi'eference in the opiniooB of 
1 IIL DlOI intelligent people even though coating 
more. We aim at this first. If you prepare u design Or 
-ii;riuture. he sure to make it in sharp clear black India 
ink, not ordinary writing fluid. Please write us for olr- 
.■iikir and enclose copy for estimate before placing your 
urder. Kemeiiiber the best is the cheaper in the 



CYCLOSTYLES, ^^^J^JI*^^'='ll^fJ°/ 
ALIGR APHS,7-^« _bA" wriVing 


■ A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sacremento Bosl- 
ness College, Sacremento, Cal. By mail, SO centa. 
Address aa above. 8-ljl I 


Hixler ■ Physical TnUiilDg I 

Mailed to all parts of tlie world 

po<tage prepaid. 

[.ole Ink Ponder makes the beat free- 
Jri-hlack wilting ink In the world. Will 
ode thtf pen. Cheuprr than any first-olasa 
1. Also violet, scarlet and red powders, 
every rt-spect 10 the above. If your Sta- 
oesiiot have It. send 25 ctruts, naming oolor 


AIM .unu\\.i: 

IsrO^W K.Ei^ID'2". 





With Two Supplementary Books. 



8}'Btematizc and teach writing in accordance with the usages of the best 
writers in the business world. 

giiishiug features of *' Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, coutainiug all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway. New York. 

This College fomUbes, at moderwte cost, the 
very bcBt boBloeBS training. The Course la an 
embodlmeut of the latest and most approved 
metbods yet attained by the best American Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

It is progressive and thorougb In all Its appoint- 
ments and departments. 

The methods for tUustratlng actual business in 
use in Business Practice Departmeuts. aire 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These "Business Practice" Depart- 
ments alone. In this InstitutlOD, contain a more 
complete coarse of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to be among 
the best. 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as weU as a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to bis pupils. For more complete Information, 
send for "The Commercial World." 


This is EzclosWely a School ot 
ship, and la, vrithout an exception, the best I 

The Principal of this Department stands at 
the bead of the Profession as an Artist; and 
OB a Teacher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
ing equal," and devotes six hours dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Peiiiuan and Artist, attend aschool wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 
This School turns out more flnlshed peumen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments In the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pea- 
manehlp Is Teachers' Training, as well as the 
development of Pen Artists ; also Black- 



Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

Appointments unsurpassed, Tuition moderate, 

Send for our " PHONOGHAPHIC WORLD," which 
ent. Address oU communlcutlons to 


information regarding this Depart- 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

vrite through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 
able loops, ovals, etc. The first complete 

ist. — The pupil does not have to 

System. Only six bouks, 
2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like do 

system to present ubbreviiited forms of capitals, i 
3d. — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tiUmg a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to secure such results. 
4th.— Heautifully pi-iutod by Lithogrdphy ! No Clieap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th. — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such words 

a^ •'zeugma, ur<]uesno, xylus, teuifly, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th. — Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the books of" 

;iiiy utber series — and the paper is tlie best ever used for copy-books. 
7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

vtry attnictive to the i)npil. 
8th. — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


All the Oopiei 

of the Series 


.j/f'9-^'^-^.^^Z^CZ--t-^-t''-7-Z^ y'7^Z^'Z'-£^ 



^^^14^,-Jy J(J^^^U''7^^^ 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

'iyL£<^.J £'/: 

\ Ciyc/ i^i^L<d^J^£^y?-7^zy,^i^...^^ 

Published Monthly 
t 205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 per yeai 


Entered at the Post Office of New York, 
N,Y.. as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XII.— No. :J. 

Representative Penmen of 


Prextatiit <if thf Bugirutu Edumtort" Auioclaiiori 
' - - tif Amtriea, 

The owner of tlie porlrail to the right has 
Ix-eu with us since July 14. 1841, mnkiug 
h\sdi'bi/l at the town of Livoniii. New York^ 
Some years nfier thnt event he picked up 
the threads of a general education at the 
county diairict schools, and finished out the 
fabric by a term at the Genesee Wesleyan 
Seminary, liima. New York. In the winter 
of 1861-63 be took a three montlis' course 
under Dr. J. C. Bryant in the Bryant & 
Stratton Business College. Buflfalo. 

Mr. Williams' first essay at pedagogy whs 
iu the succeeding winter, when he taught 
penmanship at Daiisville. New York. In 
1884 be returned to the Buffalo college as a 
teacher, and two yeara later wnstrtnsferred 
by the Bryant Jc Slradon sjmlica'cto the 
nianageuient of their Itocbestcr college. 
He stuck, iiml is Ilirre yel. Uie joint pro- 
!ic of I lie liir-rest and most 




-llie Uoihcster Business 

Mr. Williams became the proprietor of 
the Rochester school shortly nftrr the dcalli 
of Mr Siiattou, Subsequently be acquired 
hy piiichnsf the original Eastman Business 
College, (if Miat city, and merged the two 
iu^-tituiinns. The scbnol did not take its 
present name until 1800. Six years laU-r 
Mr. K. E. Hogers became a joint proprietor 
of the institutiou. and the enterprising lirm 
has sown bard work and common sense, 
and leaped an abundant harvest of dollars 
Kiidsulisf'iciion ever since. 

A number of text books on accnuntin", 
which biive attained a widespread popular- 
ity, bear the imprint of our subject's name 
and the impress of his genius. He has 
iilways taken a lively interest in business 
' ollege affairs, and was chosen as the Presi- 
dent of the Business Educators' Association 
of America at their last meeting, an honor 
be wears with becoming dignity. He is a 
companionable man and modest witbal to a 
degree, as these, his own words, attest: 

"My success in life, viewed from any 
standpoint, has not been remarkable, and 
what I have accomplished has been due as 
much to the ability and devoted labor of 
faithful associates and teachers, as to my 
own abUity or eilorl. The ambition of my 
youth to be connected with a commercial 
school that should have a good name, an 
important iuBueuce and u large patronage 
has been in a measure realized, but I still 
iiave Qufullilled dreams of a school with a 
broader curriculum, occupying a more com- 
modious building ami exerting a still wider 
influence— one that shall have a usL-ful life 
after mine is closed." 

"Splurgers" and Penmen. 

There is nothing more fascinating to the 
young penman than skating around upoD 
paper with the pen. The beautiful forms 
produced, with graceful lines, are so charm- 
ing that nearly all the practice of the young 
penman is of this nature. When he is able 
to produce as beautiful lines and flourishes 

purposes and general use than the new-born 
card-writer, whose habit is to splurge 
around on paper. 

Ninety-nine hundredths of all writing is 
done between lines. A person who cannot 
write with ease and beauty, so as to make 
a pleasing page. Willi all the letters between 
the lines ruled, is no penman, no matter 
how experienced a card-writer he may be. 


with thousands of specimens of flourishing, 
which have been highly complimented, but it 
is a noticeable fact that rarely one out of n 
hundred of these splurgers ever rise to be 
professional penmen ; they never acquire the 
practical ability to do filandard writing or 
make themselves systematic penmen. They 
flash and go out of existence like so many 
cheap rockets, while those who master 
standard practical writing, which is done 
between lines, find a ready market for their 
services. They have something which is 
substantial, practical, and of real value to 
tbemselve-s and a practical world. 

Piu) Bono Pudlko. 



The things 

The Journal's nei 
went straight to the 
which seems to puzzle its readers 
how we can offer such liberal indi 
Still, the fact remains that we do make the 
offers, and their surprise does not prevent 
their taking advantage of them. There is 
no doubt of it, the new premiums are a 
big bit. 

the expert penman can do, he flatters 
himself that he has nearly mastered the art 
of penmanship, while in reality he has 
acquired nothing but lightness of touch. 
Not having stood to form and held him- 
self closely to standard letters, be is apt to 
conclude that form is simply a matter of 
taste, and that his letters are entitled to as 
much respect as those of others. 

The chief practice of the majority of 
such persons is upon signatures and com- 
binations of letters, and the apace which 
letters occupy is usually from a half an 
inch to two inches in width and height. 
When this practice is brought down 
so that combinations can be placed on 
cards, then, in the amateur's estimation, 
the world is blessed with a new profes- 
sional pc-nmau. But when his ability in 
practical writing is considered, he is its 
far from it as the average school-boy. In 
fact the school-boy's practice is between 
lines, and his writing is better for business I 

While there is a great field for those who 
can teach practical, beautiful writing, there 
is no field for the splurger. Let one of these 
splurger.t write a line of capitals, between 
lines, then, examining it carefully and criti- 
cally, he can judge of his own lack of prac- 
tical ability. Any one who must resort to 
splurging and flourishing to show skill, has 
iu reality no practical skill, as such work is 
no practical test of real practical ability. 
The real test is pages of accurate, standard 
writing done between lines. 

Those who acquire such ability have 
something of use to themselves and to the 
world, and as teachers they are valuable ; 
but those who are splurgers on paper, and 
cannot do accurate page work between the 
ruling.'*, are the ones who, by attracting the 
attention of the public and assuming to be I 
penmen, are apt to lead many to believe ! 
that penmen are not practical writers. 

During the last twenty years the offices 
of the peoroens' papers have been flooded 

The Copybook Question. 

In the December number of The Joun- 
.NAL. Chandler H. Peirce. vmder the bead of 
"The Science of Teaching Penmanship," 
says : " The poor writing^as a rule, ia the 
product of a copybook combined with poor 
instruction," and then goes on and tries to 
prove that the fault all lies in the copybook. 
If poor instruction combined with a copy- 
book produces poor writers, will ibe result 
beany better if we remove the copybook? 
Arguing as be does we might just as truly 
say that the poor matbematitians are the 
result of arithmetics and if we would burn 
the books the children would all be phil- 

We occasionally meet a teacher who 
claims to teach without a text book and who 
boldly asserts that "the old fogies who 
have written most of our text books are not 
up to the needs of the times." They go 
before their classes with no book in sigLt, 
but if we look into their libmries we find 
White, Kobiuson. Hay, Ftltcr and others, 
all carefully labeled and every leaf bearing 
marks of frequent investigation. They 
talk freely and use the blackboard to good 
advantage, and always take great pains to 
impress upon the minds of their hearers 
that what they teach arc tlieir own original 
ideas and that at some future time they 
will write a book that will put all others 
out of existence. While it is true that (as a 
rule) the professional penmen in private 
institutions, where the classes are small, do 
not use copybooks, it is equally true tha*-in 
the public schools of all our large cities 
where the rooms are filled to overflowing, 
copybooks are used and they are considered 
by those who produce the best writers in 
these schools as indispensable, and whether 
it be the style now in use or one filled with 
"systematic movement exercises," as sug- 
gested, the copybook will remain. 

In all our larger private schools engraved 
copies of some sort are used, sometimes in 
book form and sometimes in slips. 

Mr. Peirce says: "No system of copy- 
books today recognizes any difference in 
the inslrurtion for children and pupils of 
more aihancedyears." I would like to ask 
ibe ginlleniiiQ if he has examined the re- 
cently composed copybooks? If so he has 
found the size of letter spacing, length of 
words and length of line, gradually chang- 
ing and becoming more difRculi from No. 1 
to No. G and on. There is a gradual devel- 
opment from the simplest small letter i to 
the full grown capital letter, and from the 
word of two letters to the full line copy 

J a complete business leltc-. Is 
difference ? Oo Ibe cover of 
every one of these books is n cliart sbow- 
iiig tbe beiffbt. width and slnnt of every 
leller. botb Btrnill aud rapihil. and on 
Ibe same cover are exercises adapted to 
every copy in the several books. Tbe-e 
exercises are graded from those appropriale 
to the primaries to those which try the 
skill of adult pupils. Mr. Peirce's article 
as a whole, reads very much like tliu!-e 
written hy persons who are just gcllinir 
ready to publish a "new and original 
system of penmjiQsbip." The allegid 
•copybock anuihilalor" wrote in very 
znucb the same strain just before his first 
and lani was born. Perhaps it's catching. 
When the Eclectic copybooks first appeared 
they were very much after the plan of 
■•movement exercises ;" but tbcy were a 
failure and the publishers were obliged to 
change to the regular form. Somewhere 
about 1853. P. R. Spencerpuhlished a series 
of exercise copybooks, hut they did not sell, 
and such will be the 'ate of any hook 
which ruus exclusively \o exercises and 
does not follow a thorough system uf 
firaded copies. There must be a very 
carefully-executed model placed before the 
pupil and this must be where be can con- 
veniently and easily compare his work wiih 
it. The more perfect and symmetrical the 
model the higher will be the pupil's aims 
and the more perfect will be the results. 

In 1871. Curtiss put out some books with 
the copies all grouped upon three or four 
piiges, but he was obliged to change atid 
have the copy put at the top of the page 
where ihe pupils could more easily compare 
their work with it. 

There arj theories and theories, but the 
proof of the pudding is in the eating of it. 
lu looUiug over the list of cities in *hicb 1 
am somewhat acquainted I liod that where 
they reach any great degree of excelleuce 
copybooks are iu use. It may be that in a 
small city where the special teacher of' 
pcomaoshipcau visit every school once or 
twice a week, fair results may he obtained 
without a cipybook, but in a large city, 
where the superintendent of writing cannot 
ciiii oftener tbau once a month, there must 
be a copybook. 

Some three years ago I took charge of the 
writing iu a city of about 30.000 where 
there had been for six years previous a 
special teacher of penmanship who did not 
believe in copybooks and they were not 
u-ied in tlie schools. The teachers in the 
High school asked nie if something could 
not be done to improve the writing, so that 
when the pupils entered the High school 
their writing could be read. The complain! 
WHS that they wrote too slowly, that when 
they were hurried iu the least it was im- 
possible to read it. I did not find any who 
could write with case or rapidity. 

My lirst step was to put Bond's staff-ruled 
book in. and in the second term of the first 
year we put iu copybooks. The pupils 
sent into the High school at the close of my 
lirst year were complimented on their 
writing. Those who entered the second 
year were belter and at the close of the third 
year the general verdict was that there 
never had been so great a change in any 
branch in the schools of the ciij' as had 
been made in the writing in the three years 
that we bad used copybooks, and upon 
( iiri'ful investigiilion it was found that two 
llnmsand children had saved a thousand 
dollars each year in the expense of paper 
alone, that is to say that copybooks and 
prai-ticL- books together were cheaper by 
flfiy cents per pupil than loose paper and 
no copybook. At the close of my third 
year pupils from the A Gnimmar schools 
went into business ollices as wriiersand re- 
ceived miny compliments upon the busi- 
ness-like appearance of ibeir writing and 
the ease aud rapidity with which they 
couid execute it. We sent several bound 
volumes of work to Cbica^ and they were 
exhibited at the National Teachers' Associ- 

I would not bring in this bit of personal 
history if it did not tit the case so well. 

It is true that good resuUs do not alwajs 
follow the use of copybooks. It is equally 
true of at! books. The fault is nut in the 
book but in the way it is used. 

; my purpose at this time to say 

how I would use a copybook, but at 
time I hope to say something 
and the abuse of the copybook. 


The Pen Still Supreme. 

The R.M»I SlgDillcance of h Slovt-iily, IIl*gl- 

Since type writing machines have sprung 
into siicb general use, partially displacing 
penmanship in certain departments of the 
business world, many young persons have 
become impressed with the idea that it is 
no longer necessary to write a good hand. 
It is needless to say that this idea is a mis- 
taken one. Type-wriierscau take the place 
of penmanship only to a very limited ex- 
tent. The time and labor required atschool 
to enable a hoy or girl to write a clear and 
legible band must continue to be profitably 
sppnt. It will bear excellent fruits in after 

Slovenliness in penmanship is likesloveu- 
liness in anything else — it is a bad habit. 
All young peop'e should avoid it. It is the 
duly of every boy aud girl to write a hand 
which may be easily read. Only iu the 
aged is a poor hand excusable. 

Penmanship is usually an index to char 
acter. It too often happens that a slipshod 
penman is a person of slipshod habits. I 
once saw the signature of a well-known 
Englishman, who visiied this country a few 
years ago on a lecturing tour, in a holei 
register at Omaha. Neb. A mere glance nt 
it showed that it could not be the signature 
of a modest and refined gentleman. The 
name and address occupied almost an entire 

manship. saving both time an<l labor. Its 
field, however, is limited, and will never 
displace penmanship, except in special de- 
partments. There will always be room iu 
the business world for boys aud young meu 
who can write a legible hand. On the con- 
trary, youthful imitators of the chicken- 
track signatures of certain great men wilt 
find that the typewriter can not aid them 
much. Ponr penmanship in a young per- 
son is never an evidence of budding greal- 
uesa; but very often an unfailing sign of 
downright carelessness. — II. D. MtiMoii. in 
PitUihurg Christian Adwcaie. 

An Expert in Writing. 

Mrs. Patli Lyie Collins is a reader of 
blind handwriiing in Ihe Dead Letter De- 
partment of the Post Ofiice at Wasbiugton. 
She has been there for many years aud is 
paid a liberal salary for her work, is not 
afraid of going out or coming in adminis- 
trations. bec!iuse she is an expert in hf r 
profession. She is a bright, clever woman, 
and has an encycloptcdic memory for names 
and places, as well as a happy faculty of 
guessing out obscure statements written iu 
illegible or nonsensical, chiropraphy on the 
hacks of envelopes, I found her seated at 
her desk at the noon hour, eating the fru 
gal lunch the departmeut clerk carries in 

The Science of Advertising. 

Advertising is a sciencg, and should be 
studied like a book by all men and women 
who are in business. There are but few 
people who properly estimate the value of 
good advertising. You may have a meri- 
torious business, but if nobody but your- 
self knows it, you will undoubtedly fail. 
It is like sowing, — the profits are reaped 

The object of advertising is to attract 
the attention of the people to your busi- 
ness, and induce them to patronize you. 
Nothing nan be too good to be advertised 
with profit. The poorer the business, the 
less it will pay to advertise it ; and the 
more merit there is in the busincRS, the bet- 
ter it will pay to make it known even at a 

Because a man establishes a good trade 
without using printer's ink is no reason 
why he should not advertise, for if he 
would, his business might be increased ten- 

There are hundreds of ways to advertise, 
but one of the most effective methods is to 
use printer's ink. 

It nmy be divided iuto the following 




' ^ ' 

^U£^y£, /rff. 

Photo-£iigravc<l 1 

page, scrawled in a bold and irregular hand. 
There was an air of arrogance and assump- 
tion about the penmanship which impressed 
one very unfavorably. Anybody seeing it 
would have said : " This person has an ex- 
alted idea of his own importance." 

It is a pleasure to see penmanship which 
may be read at a glance, unless it be a 
brazen and exaggerated signature like the 
one just meutioned. There is no necessity 
iu the business world or in private corres- 
pondence for artistically shaded capitals 
and dainty hair-lines, which are of no prac- 
tical value. A round, clear, legible hand, 
bearing the stamp of a lucid and active 
mind, meets the requirements of any sta- 
tion in life. 

Next to a cleon reputation a good band 
most aids a hoy seeking employment. One 
of the first questions an employer usually 
asks a boy, is : " Are you a good penman t " 
A man of business is very apt tn think that 
a caseless penman is not likely to be watch- 
ful of his interests, aud avoids bim accord 
ingly. Of two bovs applying for a situa- 
tion, one a good writer, the other an 
indifferent one, there can be little question 
as to which will secure the place. 

The typewriter is a great labor-saver. 
To many men of bupiness. to ministers, 
lawyers and others, it has been found very 
useful. Combined wiih phonography it 
has almost entirely done away with pen- 
manship in some businesses. In ollices 
where uo immense correspondence is car- 
ried on, it has proved more rapid than peu- 

thc regulation paper bag. She very kindly 
gave a brief skelch of her work, aud showed 
her method of deciphering blind addresses 
aud making into gond English the mongrel 
laogu;i-( - r .ill. ! -It iht- back of envelopes 

by tiM ■ ,:.l. ■ .-.i n,nt. 

■'H' . MLis do you speak, 

Mrs. ( ..M,'. :lr,l. 

•■Em 11 ;iL,'e except the Hus 

" 'We 

have t< I I : • I 1. I I - sent to this 
try, iiriii '. I I; i III so careful in pre- 
paring I'l' I. Mii-^-i ~ -usually having one 
in Eu-lish, in case of accident— that I have 
had no experience with them." 

"How many letters do you read daily ?" 

'■ About 1,000 ; but these letters arenever 
opened; ouly the addresse.': are read." 

'■ Under wlial administration was this de- 
partment established V" 

'■Under Ibe mauagemeut of Postmastir 
General Key ; but I have held the position 
only eight years." 

" Do these careless correspondents appre- 
ciate the work you do ?" 

■■Yes. I receive many letters of thanks 
addressed simply to the Dead Letter De- 
partment. A woman in England wrote to 
the Posimiister-Ocneral, asking him to find 
her brother iu Massachusetts, America ; 
that he bad left the old couulry thirteen 
years bcfcre. and his relatives Inid nevei' 
heard of him since. I found him at No. 4 
Burringtou street, Lowell, Mass. His trade 

After a year another letter 
directed to the same man. I never forget 
a name, aud when I read, 'Mr. James 
Gunn, No. 4 Barrioglon street, United 
States of America,' I knew where to send 
it. The man has communicated with bis 
friends after thirteen years." — Neic Orleans 

Timet- Dem^N 

'»ity. Uocliestrr, N. 

methods : Positive, negative, direct aud in- 
direct advertising. 

Positive advertising consists in making 
known the merits of the business, and 
drawing the aitention aud patronage of the 

Negative advertising consists in drawing 
the attention but not the patronage of the 

An uneducated person may so shape his 
advertisements as to make bis business aud 
his ignorance quite well known. In fact, 
he may become the topic of conversation 
and the laughing stock of the town, but the 
more publicity be gains the less he will be 
patronized. Dealing disbontstly with cus- 
tomers or beiug saucy or impudent to them 
are other ilhisirationa of negative advertis- 

In direct advertising the attention of the 
people is called directly to the business. 
The following is an example of direct ad- 
vertising ; 


At lowest pTices at the American Book SU/re, 

Indirect advertising consists in first at- 
tracting the attention or curiosity of the 
people, and then leading them unconsciously 
to the nature of your business. In llu' 
above example many people would rend 
only " books and stationery," and tbii.s 
leave Ihe advertisement without knowing 
the place or name of the firm. But in the 
following indirect advertisement they would 
be taken entirely by surprise, but not until 

c of the firm aod ttie 


A flttht wllh terrible havoc ooi 
yesterday between two stroitK ooiit<8tenlB at Ihe 
Ameriuan Book Store, London. In whloli bii;b 
prices for books were either killed or chased from 
the battle field If yon don't believe ft call at the 

While this may be a good method of 
making your business known, yet tbere is 
danger of overdoing it. as the reader be- 
comes more or less disgusted when be sees 
tbe deception. However, the disgust does 
not equal the desire for " low prices." and 
if not made too sensational, indirect ad- 
verMsing will usually prove protitable. 

A fraudulent business may work up a 
good trade for awhi'e by sending out nega- 
tive advertisements, but tbe deception cud 
not exist long until ihe real nature of the 
business will be made manifest, and then, 
of course, failure follows. A fraudulent 
concern must either travel from place to 
place or else send its circulars to new vic- 
tims ; but even then it can not long exist, 
especially if it advertises extensively. But 
a local establishment can never advertise 
much for any length of time with profit 
unless it is a meritorious concern. It might 
be well for the reader to remember this. 
A merchant that sells poor goods at high 
prices may continue his business ten years 
by not advertising, but if he should dabble 
in printer's ink extensively he would he 
compelled to make an assignment by the 
end of a year, Advertising brings in new 
customers, and makes known the actual 
nature of the business, no difference ^\hat 
the circulars announce. If they misrepre- 
sent, then it will be discovered and woe to 
the proprietor. A merchant who sells good 
articles at low prices and deals pleasantly 
with his customers may make a good living 
without advertii^ing. but if he understood 
the science and would indulge in it freely 
he would in a short time he a rich man, all 
other things being equally well managed. 

slovenly manner. This is also applicable to 
teachers in higher grades. 

The teacher who can discipline well, write 
correctly, and possesses a reasonable amount 
of enthusiasm is capable of obtaining excel- 
lent results in the writing class. 

In a simple way I will give a brief out- 
line of some of the methods we pursue here 
in the Cleveland Training School, hoping 
thereby to open the subject for discussion 

four feet of space, and each apace is num- 
bered sn that in criticising all can readily 
find the work referred to. 

The first lesson is given on signals, posi- 
tion at the hoard, how to bold the crayn, 
etc , with drill on slanting straight lines, 
principles and letters. Second lesson — 
Practice on slanting lines, letters ard 
words. The class should obey signals 
promptly, write with uniform time, and at 

and hear from others older in practice and 
abler than myself. To show the importance 
of tbe work in the Training School, permit 
me to state that about six hundred teachers 
are employed in the piimary ;md grammar 
grades, consequently changes in the tench- 
ing force are freijuent and substitutes nre 
called from the Training School. A large 
per cent, of the graduates are elected to 
positions in our city schools. 

a fair rate of speed, making letters, etc., as 
we call either by name or by number the 
principles that enter into the composition of 
the work. • 

In the succeeding lessons exercises may 
be given and letters introduced in the order 
of their classification. When sufficient pro 
gress has been made individual members 
of the class are required to call either 
by name or by number the principles as 

not only be familiar with the theory of pen- 
manship, but also the errors that are com- 
mon in classes belonging to his grade, po ns 
to avoid ihcm if possible, or to learn how to 
correct them when once made. 

In short, the four steps in teaching wrU- 
iog are to knoic, crecutf. eritia'tie and eoj-reet. 

The Trick of a Forger. 

A new dodge is at the surface of ihe Hood 
of thieving schemes, which runs so cease- 
lessly, and it is nothing more or less than 
writing an apparently innocent letter, 
wherein the intending swiuiller seeks some 
apparently reasonable information from his 
correspondent. As for instance : 

small ones. Did yon make a mistake, and how 
mnchr If you will tell the amount, I will see you 
wlil eft It back by express. Answer immediately. 
•■ Youratnity, John Dok," 

It may be ihe person thu» aHdressid will 
be inclined to answer so simple an iuquiiy 
by saying either thai he did not make su< h 
an exchange, or (if he did) that there was 
no error ; but in any case the swindler's 
purpose is fulfilled, he "has obtained the 
true signature of his correspoudeut," and 
thus is in possession of means to forge or 
blackmail. Therefore, we repeat what we 
have so often said, "Write no letters." to 
answer enigmatical inquiries from stran- 

Ben, The Penman on the Stage. 
Editor of Thil Jouhmai. : 

I want to tell the readers of The .Joi'it- 
NAL something about a delightful entertain- 
ment I had the pleasure of seeing at 
Masonic Temple.New York, on February 25. 
Its features were musical and dramatic, and 
it was under the direction of Mnie. Benja- 
min F. Kelley. wife of the far-famtd pen- 
man, who also loaned his efToris to making 
the aff.iir a success. There were twelve ad- 
ditional artists, all of whom won applause 

Wntten 6i^ W J Kinsley 

Know, Execute, Criticise, 

In cities of considerable size a superinten- 
dent of writing must instruct children 
largely through the n-gular teachers Fle 
rily look to Ihem for his suc- 
nTuctor. and considering them 
his imperative duty to 
see that the teachers are not only conver- 
sant with the theory of penmanship, liut 
are also efficient in execution, and more 
especially in ibeir blackboard work. 

Children in the primary grades are sus 
ceptible to impressions, and working largely 
by imitation, it is inconsistent for a teacher 
tn throw his daily work on the board in a 

Two lessons a week are given the normal 
class, and a part of this time is used for 
blackboard instruction and drill. 

The class is divided into two grades, and 
occasionally a member of the advanced 
grade is called upon to give a lesson to a 
part of the class while one division is writ- 
ing on the boaid under the direction of the 
Superintendent of Writing. 

The first lessons are given to instruction 
and drill in position, penbolding. move- 
ment, etc. Letters are introduced in the 
order of their classification. Early in the 
term blackboard drill is given, and as we 
consider this an important feature in the 
course, I will dwell somewhat on this part 
of our work. 

An automatic pencil is used in ruling the 
blackboard, with base, head and top Hoes, 
allowing two inches for the height of short 

One division of the class is sent to the 
board, and each pupil is allowed three or 

the class write combinations and short 

This requirement is given to show their 
knowledge of forms and to develop a quick 
application of the principles, also to teach 
the class to count with uniform time and at 
a good rate of speed. 

Our course with the class while using pen 
and ink is in many respects similar to the 
blackboard drill. 

Before graduating members of the ad- 
vanced class are required to serve in the 
capacity of assistant teachers in one of the 
primary grades, where they may profit by 
observations ; also conduct a few of the 
writing lessons. 

Inexperienced or unqualified teachers re- 
ceive a course of instruction similarin many 
respfcts to the one given in the Normal 

In order that a teacher may utilize the 
time allowed for writing (which is from 
twelve to thirty minutes a day) he should 

tbe way of soles and i 

by clever work 
Btrumental selei 

But the feature of thi 
sparkling comedietta entitled " Kaleido- 
scopic Views of Married Life," from the 
trenchant j-.en of Mr. Kelley himself. The 
author and his accomplished wife were the 
main features in this drama, which won a 
^eat deal of applause and well turned it all. 
Those who witncFsed the production exject 
to see it presented on the professional 

The play opens with the fifteenth anni- 
versary of Mr. and Mrs Geo. Suibbs" wed- 
ding. It has a quick movement, domcslii- 
cyclones cf monumental proportions being 
sandwiched between scenes of blissful hill- 
ing and cooing, the whole fabric pervudtd 
with that delightful thread of humor for 
which the author is noted. 

The profession may also be inteiested to 
know that tbe impressario of the occasion 
was Mr. IlaiveyA. Spencer, ihewell known 
author and teacher, who, at one time was 
manager of a successful dramatic troupe, 
nis part of the cnterlainment, it is quite 
unnecessary lo pay, was cDacIe'l with both 
grace and spirit. Tilguman Uhaiiam. 

'^ip'i of '^i^cn^o(|^a\>^»|^ 

The list of words aud pliroaes wliich must 
be distinguished by outline, notes on omis 
sion of coDsoniiuts, sjilablef. words, etc, 
wbicb it wns intended to publieh in this 
issue, could not be got in sliape in so sbort 
a time. We hope to present it in Ibe next" 
The preparation of the list is a work of cou 
siderable mngnitudc, and we believe it wil 
be the best thing of the kind that Munson 
phonographic students have ever sei n 

Shorthand in Journalism. 

A. E. Leon, who apparently speaks with 
the authority of an expert, both in journal- 
ism aod stenography, discusses with a de- 
gree of cleeernces in a recent number of 
The Writer demands of shorthand in prac- 
tical newspaper work. This refrain he 
puts in the mouth of numerous editors : 

I is the most disagreeable 
nd tedious branch of news- 
paper work. 

the reporter who can do it 
commands no higher salary 
than the one who can"t. 
if a man once demonstrates 
his ability for good verbatim 
drudgery, the avenue of of- 
fice advancement is at once 
and forever closed to bira. 
llip use of stenography, and 
continued reliance upon it. 
tends to injure the memory, 
without which a thorough 
journalist is as a ship with- 
out a rudder— a kite with- 
out a tail. • 

ii ruins a man's originality, 
makes him a mere cog- 
wheel in the in the intricate 
mechanism of his ofHce, and 
destroys whatever he may 
have of genuine newspaper 
instinct, and discriminating 
estimate of whatisandwhut 

■■What cau be said in opposition to thi 
formidable arraignment ? Simply this : 

"First, that, other things being equal, n 
working knowledee of shorthand is an in- 
valuable help in securing a foothold upon 
any of the daily papers. 

" Secondly, that, other things being 
equal, when it comes to a question of man- 
agerial economy and reduction of force, the 
man who has this knowledge will be the 

"Thirdly, that there are times, however 
rare, in the experience nf every longhand 
journalist, when he needs to catch, verbatim. 
Home specially important utterance, and 
when not to be able to do so defaces the 
professional accuracy nf his report, and 
brings borne to himself a realizing sense of 
his own inrfHciency. 

"Are these answers not sufficient ? Mark 
you, I have said in every instance, ot/i^r 
things being equal. Unfortunately, it must 
be admitted, in too many cases they are 
not equal. The average shorthand writer 
has been, and is, too prone to settle down 
contentedly into the narrow rut of his spe- 
cially, only arousing himself occasionally 
from bis plodding to ask in wonder- 
ment why it is that he is not appre- 
ciated, and why his salary is not in- 
creased. What he needs is to have 
infused into him ihe true spirit of jour- 
nalism. Then be will see that he has 
only made Ihc mistake of assuming that his 
art is in and of itself the ultimate desider- 
atum in his profession, whereas it is but one 
of many tools for the accomplishment of a 
great end — the gathering and publishing of 
news. He has confounded the derrick with 
the granite block it was designed to lift 
He has fallen into the error of supposing 
that he has hollowed out a sacred niche for 
himself in the gallery of the profession, a 
tritie more exalted than his fellows, whereas 
he has done only what every aspirant for 
success as a reporter should do — fitted him- 
self for grappling with a possible emer- 

"The man who is merely a shorthand 
writer, and the man who is not one, are 

neither wholly titled for uewspaper work. 
The manager of a great Boston paper drove 
the nail home when he said : " We are not 
in want of shorthand writers — what we aie 
looking for is jourDali^ts " 

■■That is the point .exactly. That is 
the whole matter. The modern daily, 
with its hurly-burly, its rush, and roar, 
and innumerable editions, has no time or 
money to waste in "monkeying" with 
specialists. Is there an important mur- 
der trial to be reported verbatim ? Good. 
It is a matter of news, and any member 
of the staff should be competent to handle 
it. If any man i't not competent to do ihe 
work, then does he fall just so far short 
of being thoroughly equipped in his profts- 
siou ; aud there can be but one result— that 
man will ultimately be crowded to tbewall. 
Is there a criminal mystery to solve, a case 
of bankruptcy to fiitbom. a fatal railroad 
accident to report ? The same man should 
he on deck, if need be. nor feel that he. 
being a Btenngraph«T, is exempt from that 
duty which calls into action all the Intent 
shrewdness and daring of his being. The 
English journals. In spile of their conserva- 
tive tendencies, long ago awoke to an ap- 
preciation of the value of this " all-around " 
ability, and to day the attainment of short- 
band is there a standing requirement for 
admission to the profession. It is the man 
upon whcm the management can call at 
any time, in any place, under any eircuni- 
stanccs, to do anything, for whom the ques- 
tion of J-alary is self-adjusting, " 

A Wall from the Hub. 
This wail comes from Boston I'la. Sttnofi- 

"It was intended to inaugurate in this 
issue a series of biographical sketches on 
Ihe prominent stenographers of New Eni'- 
land. The leading stenographers of Bos 
ton. so far as getting the lion's share of Ihe 
shorthand work constitutes them leading 
stenographers, are too bashful to allow 
their pictures to be gazed at by the public, 
or what is more probable, they are entirely 
apathetic as far as the advancement of the 
profession outside of themselves and their 
well filled pocketbooks are concerned. 
These same stenographers get together in 
conclave, and declare that measures should 
be adopted to secure the elevation of the 
art, but when a little aid or co-operation is 
really needed or desired, they are the lastto 
respond. It seems the fact, in this part of 
the country, at least. Ihat as soon as sten- 
ographers become wage earning, they lose 
all care or interest in the profession, outside 
of their own pockets, and exhibit an indif- 
ference, or even churlishness, to those who 
are seeking to do the work that Ihey should 
be the tirst to countenance and aid, that is 
as reprehensible as it is astonishing, and we 
are really of the opinion that nine-tenths of 
of Ihe much deplored deterioration of the 
stenographic profession is due the apathy, 
or even opposition, shown by those who are 
looked up to as the beads of the profession 
towards any efforts to elevate and popular- 
ize it," 

Is this professional apathy which grieves 
Stenograpky's soul general, or is it a pecu- 
liar product of the refrigerated Hub v 

Phonographic Notes, 

— An ingenious little type writer attach- 
ment that will keep count of the number of 
words written, is the invention of D, Gay, 
a Boston stenographer. 

— An advertisement for a female stenog- 
rapher which recently came to the attention 
of the CoDmojKtlitan Shorlfiander, was worded 
something like this : " Wanted— A young 
woman stenographer. Youth and beauty 
not required, but hard work, long hours 
and small pay." The Shorthander congratu- 
lates the advertiser upon making himself 
perfectly clear as to what he wants. Cer- 
tainly no one who accepts this place could 
leave it through any alleged misapprehen- 
sion of the requirements of the advertiser. 
Perhaps he had bad some "experience." 

The following officers were elected at the 
meeting of the Shorthand Writers' Associa- 
tion in the V. 31. C. A. parlors; Honorary 
President, Chief Justice Taylor ; President, 
W. Perkins : Vice-President, A. -lardiue ; 
Secretary-Treasurer. C. F. Jones ; Council, 
J. O. Smith. F. F. Dixon and H. Gill. 
Chief Justice Taylor thanked the associa- 
tion for the compliment paid him. Presi- 
dent Pirkins made an excellent address on 
shorthand work. The followingproaramme 
was carried out : Address on " Phonog- 
raphy, Considered as an Instrument of Cul- 
ture," by liev. Father Drummor.d; "Strange 
Expiriences of Court Reporting." by W. 
Perkins, chief court reporter ; "The Injury 
of One islhe Concern of All, "by A. Porter; 
"Rapid Writers" by W. Coldwell, pioneer 
stenographer of the Northwest : " What 
Are We Here For ; or, Is an Association 
Necessary ?'* by C. F. Jones, secrelary for 
1887; "The Status of the Profession," by 
F. F. Dixon; "The Locomotive and the 
Pencil," by W. H. Parr. The society ad- 
journed after voles of thanks had been 
passed to the retiring President, Mr. J. O. 
Smith, those who took part in the pro- 
gramme, the Y. M. C. A, for the use of the 
room, and Munson A: Allan for the use of 
tbeir office for the regular mee:iug.>!of the 
society. — Winnipeg Sun. 

Bin Nye's T.V1.P Wilt«T. 

The type writer, in strong and willing 
hands, is smitier than the sword. I look 
for Ihe type writer to take the place of In- 
dian oratory in our literature, and its tink- 
ling notes will soon he heard, I hope, in 
homes where the one-legged pen and the 
bottle of Muing all the writing now nr-' 
doUig.—BiU iVge. 

— T/ie Cosmojiolitiin Shorthandet earns its title by 
straddling two countries. We ulwa' s find a fair 
amauntof entertainment in Its pages. It is now 
piiblisliing the " Vioar of Wakefield " seriHllyfrom 
Idtiao i'itman's i.linnogmph'c plutes. 

—Scott-Browne, fn his I'honogtapMc Mont/ili/, 
tmnniineei tliat he has "oolleuted quite uliF-tof 
shorthand dead beats," which he prnposes to alsh 
I'Ut for the edification of hU reader:!. A bborthand 
dead-beat list will be a pleasing novelty anyhow. 

~Sfeno'j>ap/irj, Bostixi, has evidently seen T/ie 
\V)ifi^. itiid has become very much better-looking 
in consequence. CImi lea C. Beale, the editor, eays 
lie intends to sllr up the profession in a viry lively 
manner and make Sttnographi/ a groAt ^ea] bettor 


i best pen to be 
Ut I\-ii U JHsl the 


Mr. Crosi what other teachers 
think of his EL-lei'tic system. He keeps right on 
tui-niug out Eclectidtins, sb to speak, and getting 

—That exctlleut organ of Bonn I'ltman phono- 
erapby, 7'/ie Phonoffraphk Magazine, \n chiirgi! of 
Jerome 0. Uonard. Cinciiuiati, starts bravely into 
Volume II, There is a good deal of style aboi 
paper, and we have no doubt it la extremely 
interesting to writers of the Benn Pitman school, 
and tu people generally who are interested in the 
allegtd •'spelling reform." 

—We have not seen The AfonlortoT a long t'me 
When it comes again we understaod Ihat a Hpecial 
feature will be a series of articles by Prof, 
MeiTill. explaining his method of familiarizing the 
wind signs of the Graham System. The person 
who succeeds In getting sufficiently familiar with 
these word figns totnrn Ibem into praclii'al use Ls. 
in our opinion, an eighteec-carat genius. 

— The Student's Journal, New York, Mr. Graham'^ 
personal organ, oomments with very pardonable 
pride upOD the faot that the young men who took 
away the honora in "The Great Amerloan Writing 
Test" wrote shorthand of the Graham variety. 
Mr. Ciraham thinks that Mr. Dement, one of the 
contestants, who 1b credited with 2SB wordet a 
minute, ought not to bother at crawling along at 
say 300 a minute. 

—The monthly output of K. N- Miner's I'/iono- 
graptiie World, New Vork, Is the most varied and 
comprehensive of that of any tteoographlo publi- 
cation that we receive. The World has a gre4it 

lerally lively and it 

Written Cards! 

ONE PACK (60; 

Thomas Allen Heed, the great London le- 
porter, has been through the phonographic 
mill as effectively, perhaps, ns any living 
person. What he says counts in every 
syllable. Here is some of his wisdom. 
Inkeu from a lecture delivered before ibe 
London Shorthand Writers' Association, 
with more of the same sort to follow : 

I feel rather disposed to give a word of 
caution to the better educated of our novi- 
liates who. presuming upon their attain- 
ments aud their abilities, are sometimes dis- 
posed to look with a lordly disdain upon 
the more mechanical part of their work, 
and decline the drudgery which is insepar-' 
able from the aciiuisiiion of stenographic 
proficiency. Unlike David Copperfleld, they 
content themselves with a bare knowledge 
of the elements of some shorthand system 
aud a very limited amount of manual dex- 
terity, scorning anything like " mere verbal 
accuracy," and pluming themselves upon 
their ability to dress up any speech they 
may hear in a scholarly fashion. Of course, 
I am far from under-rating this ability ; I 
value it very highly ; but it does not suffice 
to meet the exigencies of modern reporliug. 
The public is very matter-of-fact, and it 
very much prefers to know what a states- 
man has actually said, to reading sentences, 
however polished or eloquent, thai have 
been wrongly attributed to him. 

Dr. Johnson himself, or even Lord Camp- 
bell, would, in these days, hardly earn a 
guinea a week in reporiing speeches. He- 
ports that were thought admirable for the 
OeTttteinan's Magazine would be utterly re- 
pudiated by the Times or Hansard. No 
amount of scholarship will enable u re- 
porter in our day to dispense with at least a 
fair amount of proficiency in shorthand, 
which can only be acquired by diligent ap- 

Let this, then, be the tirst pitfall to be 
indicated in the present lecture. I have 
seen several rather serious tumbles into it. 
Not only reporters, but even writers from 
dictation, will overlay their notes sviih a 
good deal of ornamentation when they come 
to transcribe them. In my own office, not 
long since, a short speech was dictated to a 
shorthand amanuensis, who reproduced it 
with sevejal adaitional folios of well-con- 
structed sentences, which had never been 
uttered either by the original speaker or 
the dictator. I need not say that they were 
mercilessly expunged, and that the further 
services of the amanuensis were dispensed 
with. Facile composition is not necessarily 
good reporliug. aud it may even betray the 
possessor into very bad work. 

Perhaps one of the commonest pitfalls of 
young beginners is an undue estimate of 
their speed in writing. They manage, it 
may be, to write an easy passage from dic- 
ta'ion, at the rate of say 120 or 130 words a 
minute, and forthwith conclude that they 
have attained that speed Such a test is 
altogether illusory. To form an adequate 
idea of the speed acquired, a whole speech 
should be reported, and the time of its de- 
livery accurately registered. The number 
of words should be carefully counted from 
the transcript, and not (as is sometimes 
done) merely estimated. Or the same thing 
may be done with writingfrom dictation for 
say half an hour — not less — from a book 
with which the writer is not familiar, or 
from a newspaper, say a leading article or 
Ihe report of an ordinary speech. In this 
case the notes or the transcript should be 
carefully compared with the original, to see 
whether, with the required speed, the need- 
ful accuracy has been attained. The false 
estimates sometimes made by shorthand 
writers, young and old, for want of a strict- 
ly accurate testing, are not a little amusing. 
A young gentleman, who once applied to 
me for employment, gravely informed me 
that hia speed was "two or three hundred 
words a minute " (a hundred or so did not 
appear to be of much consequence), but a 
live minutes' test with the watch in my hand 
dispelled altogether his fond illusion. 

I neei hardly tay that one of the most 
serious difficulties which young reporters 
(and for that matter, old ones too) experi- 
ence in their practice of shorthand, is the 
liability of misreading one word for an- 

lilar ' 

)y to words 

but ofl'D 

nds. but lep- 

lullines. This 

other; and Ibis applies, 
coQtaining the 
to words of very differ 
resented by somewhat si 
pitfall of clashinji. I suppose, is never 
wholly escaped, I am sure I have often 
fallen into it myself, and my most experi- 
enced brethren of the craft would have no 
hesitation in making the same humiliating 
confession, in the phonographic instruc- 
tion books lists are given of words contain- 
ing the same, or very similar, consonants 
Ibat are liable to clash, unless they are dis- 
titiL'uishcd by some varieties in oull'De or 

guard. There are many words written 
similarly, of which it may he safely said i 
Ibat in ninety-nine cases in a hundred the I 
context would be an unfailing guide as to 
tbc word employed ; but what about the I 
hundredth ca-e? It may be a very unusual ; 
case, but the reporter should be equal to 
the emergency. 

I am disposed to think that U is possible 
for (T«.y two words, however dissimilar in 
character or meaning, to be so placed as to 
render it ditlicult to toll by the context 
which is intpinied. Is it necessary tlien to 
provide for such rare cases by disiinctiiius of 

ized for making it. But if the reporter 
lillows his attention to relax, as we are 
liable to do, and writes in a mechanical way 
without thinking of the sense, he is likely 
to drop into one of these pitfalls, of the ex- 
istence of which he is made painfully aware 
when be comes to transcribe his notes, and 
cannot for the life of him tell which of two 
contending words should be written. He 
has never, perlips, found any difficulty 
with them before, but now it stares him in 
the face, and he knows not bow to meet it , 
he can only guess, and hope that he has 
guessed rightly. 

FOR hooviA 


nee vrcsVdewi " Trea%uer, ^ 

;];;f)ecveW\i . ^^ 

position— such words as prominent, peruia 
nent, pre-eminent ; editor, auditor, daughter. 
There is no great difficulty in learning ilie 
distinctive forms or posiiions provided for 
these word^ ; and when^ the beginner has 
committed them to memory, and has tbem 
ready to his hand, he is apt to imagine that 
he is tolerably safe in the matter of clashes, 
and need trouble himself no further about 
tbem. Nothing could be more fallacious. 
The lists I have referred to, useful as they 
lire, are by no means exhaustive. They 
contain perhaps the most frequent instances 
of liability to error, but there are hundreds 
of others occurring now and then as to | 
which the writer should be always on his 

outline, so that in no instance should a 
shorthand character stand for more than 
one word ? Net at all. But it w necessary 
that the nole-tuker should be always on the 
f/Htr/yw for possible mistakes of this kind, 
so that when an outline occurs which 
(though in the great majority of cases it is 
perfectly safe) may, from its peculiar pon- 
nection, run the risk of being mistaken, he 
may avoid alt chance of error by inserting a 
vowel or some other Icttt r which shall be 
sufficiently distinctive. It is astonishing 
how readily the mind, when alert, perceives 
the necessity for some such distinction even 
when the hand is following a rapid speaker, 
and how (luicUly some method is cxtempor- 

I may mention an instance or two occur- 
ring in my own practice to illustrate the 
danger of which I have spoken, and the ne- 
cessity of watchfulness in order to avoid it. 
I was once taking notea of a law case, in 
which a witness gave evidence as to the 
proc;eedings of a detective, and also referred, 
occasionally, to his own wife. I wrote the 
word detective di-kt-v, and wife m'-f. and 
one can easily see how these forms might, 
in rapid writing, so closely resemble each 
other as to be undistinguishable. One can 
hardly imagine, however, that two such 
words as "detective"' and "wife" could be 
confused in reading; but it so happened 
that in one passage in ihe evidence it was 

impossible to tell by the context which of 
the two words was intended, and, unfor- 
tunately, the outlines were so similar as to 
to afford no safe guidance. 1 could only 
make a guess, and I have not the slightest 
notion whether it was a right or a wrong 

In another instance I found myself tripped 
by the two words "fished" and "officiate," 
both of which I write f-s?i-t. There seems 
no possible danger of clashing in such a 
case ; but it happened that the witness 
whom I was reporting was a clergyman, 
and was giving evidence as to certain rights 
of fishery which were called in question. 
He was asked: "I understand you fished 

{or officiate) at ." Which word was 

used I could not remember when I came to 
transcribe the notes ; nor did the context 
assist me in the least ; and in this, as in the 
other case, I can only hope that the word I 
wrote was the correct one. 

Now, in both these instances I ought to 
have seen the danger as I was taking notes, 
and provided against it ; but through inat- 
tention or some other cause {probably itwoit 
inattention) I failed to do so. I am sorry 
to say that I could mention other cases of a 
similar character; but, perhaps, (his con- 
fession of my shortcomings will autfice as a 
warning to others. I am not sanguine 
enough to hope that even if they follow my 
advice, and remember ray example, they 
will entirely escape ; but the falls may per 
haps be less numerous, and the damage to 
their reputation less serious than they other- 
wise might have been. 

Before altogether leaving this subject, let 
me say that these clashings are often occa- 
sioned by too great a straining after brevity. 
It is easy enough to provide contractions for 
long or frequenlly recurring words; it is 
not always so easy to prevent their being 
mistaken for other woids. As a rule, the 
longer the form the more distinctive it is ; 
abbreviations, useful as Ihcy are, are usually 
accompanied by some additional liability to 
error. Dr is a useful con traction for ' ' direc- 
tor," but a slight mistake in position might 
sometimes cause it to be misread for " doc- 
tor," unless the latter is written in full; 
and I have known " doctor " and " dear" 
clash rather awkwardly, k is a serviceable 
grammologue for "come"; but I have 
often known it mistaken for "go," being 
written too thick, and not quite in position. 
Such an error could not be made if the 
word c&me were written with both its con- 
sonants. Of course we cannot dispense 
with these abbreviations ; but in using them 
we should remember the risk {often, I ad- 
mit, very slight) which we run in employing 
them, and never definitely adopt any that 
have not been well tested|in practice. Only 
very recently, in taking notes of a medical 
lecture in which the word " asthma " fre- 
quently occurred. I thought I would drop 
the tfi and write s-m. The form appeared 
safe enough, and it was not until 1 came to 
write tbc adjective "asthmatic" s-m-tk. 
with the same onus.sion that I saw how 
I'asily it might be mistaken for "rheu- 
matic," r-iii-th-. I did not give up the 
ablireviation on that account, hut was a 
little more careful perhaps than I should 
oiherwise have been to keep the s perfectly 
upright whenever the same adjective oc- 
curred, so as to prevent the risk of con- 

Hooks and Crooks. 

If Brother Brown could but content hiifi- 
self to be a little less partisan, how fragrant 
he would be, — Cross' Eclectic E^xpoTUsnt. 

The prize-idiot objection to the type 
writer comes from the editress of the Critic, 
to wit 1 •Compositors would rather have 
the worst handwriting inthe world than the 
best machine 'copy.'" A dyspeptic editor 
of unoiher magazine declares that the sight 
of lype writing produces "an irritating 
effect " upon his nerves. This man sboula 
be fed on Greeley maunfcupl.— Cosmopolitan 

This is the way spelling " reform " is sug- 
gested by the " five rule" m<'thod : 

1. Om'it a from the diagraf ea when pro- 
nounced as e 8hor^, as in hed, helih, etc. 

2. Omit silent final e after a short vowel, 
as in hav, giv. etc. 

3. Write / for ph in such words as alfa- 
bet.faniom, etc. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour 



e fiioe in the n 

\t shall V 

Luck will be poor till then 

If the fAOO la the moon 

Wear a amlle— why. tben 

Luok will be Eood till It frown acaln." 

Tb^t I iisod to say : 
I have learned tl. etnce. 
In another way : 

" If a face be marred 

By a frown-alns. 

Liiok will be poor till the frowu sliall pass ! 

If a face be bright 

With n smile— why, then, 

Luck will be good till It frowns ajialn." 

If the first be true 
"Twould be hard to say ; 
But. the lost, If you will. 

ttiveii the important roles whicL triivatry 
juid ariillery play iu tlie art of modern 
warfari!. it may be inttresliug 10 know the 
total number of animals which the leading 
countries of the world can throw into the 
field of baWle. Here, according to the 
latest statistics, is the list: Russia. 21. .^70,- 
000 horses ; America. 9.r)00,000 ; the Argeii- 
tine Republic. 4,000,000 ; Austria, 3.500- 
000; Germany. 3.350,000; France, 2.800.- 
000 horses and 300.000 mu'es ; England, 
2,790,000 horses; Canada. 3,0.24,000 ; Spain, 
680.000 horses and 2.300,000 mules ; Italy. 
2,000,000 horses ; Belgium, 383,000 ; Den- 
mark, 316.000; Australia. 301.000; Holland. 
l-.'S.OOO. and Portugal, 88.000 horses aud 50.- 
000 mules. It will be observed that Russia 
heads the list by an enormous majority. 

From Theodore Roosevelt's illustrated 
article in the Midmntcr Century we quote 
the following: " Singly, or in twos or threes 
they gallop tbeir wiry little horses down 
the street, their lithe, supple figures erect or 
swaying slightly as they sit loosely in the 
saddle, while their stirrups are so long that 
their knees are hardly bent, the bridles not 
taut enough to keep the chains from clank- 
ing. They are smaller and less muscular 
thau the wieldcrs of as and pick, but they 
are as hardy and self-reliant as any men 
who ever breathed — with bronzed, set faces 
and keen eyes that look all the world 
.'tiraight in the face without flinching as 
they flash out from under the broad-brimmed 
hats. Peril aud hardship and years of long 
toil, broken by weeks of brutal dissipation, 
draw haggard lines across their eager faces, 
but never dim their reckless eyc-s nor break 
their bearing of defiant self-confldcnee. 
They do not walk well, partly because ihey 
90 rarely do any work out of the saddle, 
partly because their eJmperajos. or leather 
overalls, hamper them when on the ground; 
but their appearance is striking for all that, 
and picturesque, ton, with their jingling 
spurs, the big revolvers stuck in their bells 
and bright silk handkerchief knotted Loosely 
round their necks over the open collars of 
the flannel shirts. When drunk on the vil- 
lainous whiskey of the frontifr towns, they 
cut mad amies, riding their horses into the 
saloons, firing tbeir pistols right and loft, 
from boisterous lightbeartedness rather 
(ban from any viciousness. and indulging 
toooftenln deadlyshootingaffrays. brought 
ou either by the accidental contact of the 
moment or on account of some longstanding 
grudge, or perhaps because of bad blood 
between two ranches or localities ; but ex- 
cept while ou such sprees they are quiet, 
rather belf-contained men, perfectly frank 
and simple, and on tbeir own ground treat a 
stranger with the most whole-souled hos- 
pitality. doing all in their power for him 
and scorning to lake any reward in return. 
Although prompt to resent an injury, they 
are not at all apt to be rude to outsiders, 
treating them with what can almost be 
called a grave courtesy. They are much 
better fellows and picasanter companions 
than small farmers or agricultural laborers, 
nor are the mechanics and workmen of a 
great city to be mentioned iii the same 

There are said to be something like lifly 
thousand characters in the written Ian. 
guage of the Chinese. 1 am sure it would 
take them all to fully describe the queer 
sights and strange customs we witnessed in 
Peking during the few days we rested 
there, at the cheerful United States Lega- 
tion, before making our final start for the 
Great Wall. 

The anomalous impression I received of 
the exterior of the town in my memorable 
ride was intensified as I came to know some- 
thing of the interior life of Peking. My 
sister and I felt like two Chinese Alices in 
oriental wonderland when we came to visit 
some of the people who live in those strange 

bouses, their own 
i all the pictures 
we ha<l ever seen on Chinese porcelain had 
come to life and the figures were now step- 
ping out of their slippery state to greet us. 

I had never known before that the 
twisted trees, contorted objerts and queer 
architecture painted on China'-e pimch- 
bowls and platlers are not droll cjiricatures, 
but the Chinese representations of Chinese 
art ideals in the actual every day scenes of 
Chinese life. The grotesque figures which 
they paint on fans or screens, are all well- 
known historical characters, heroes of fic- 
tion, or deified saints and philosophers, and 
each one carries to the Chinese mind its 
peculiar traditional or mmantic associntion. 

There is very little picturesque scenery 
in China, and the few hills, streams and 
valleys which lovers of natural beauty 
have discovered, have done duty in decora- 
lion for hundreds, p«'rhaps thousands of 
years. But these oullines, made familiar 
by repetition, have a different meaning 
when the fact is explained that the skillful 
Chinese landscape gardeners have made in- 
numerable miniature copies of these few 
bits of scenery in the court yards which are 
inclosed by the inner walls of all the bouses 
of the better sort. These courts, a few feet 
in extent, oblong or square, are laid out in 
little mountain ran 
lakes, trails and 
Olive ItMcy.Sewardui Fcf^ruari/Wide Airfike 



^5i.<:^>^z5Z-^;;^5^^^-Z--2fc'>^y^^^>^ ifi'^j^^-t:-£rr^t^t-<t/^ ^1 


Tbe firet mentiou of ice cream tb.ii is 
found in our history is in tbe nccount of tlie 
festivities following Wa^hiiigton's first in- 
auguration as President, in tbcCity of New 
York, in 1789. Among the ices used on 
tliat occasion was ice cream, wbicb is said 
to liave been prepared, or at least suggested 
by Dolly Adams, tben tbe brigbtest star in 
soi'ial and diplomatic circles. Tbe new 
confection made quite a sensation at Ibat 
time, and probably helped to increast- Dolly 
Adams' popularity. 

Artestinu wells have alwiiys been tbe sub- 
ject of a good deal of mystery, but tbey are 
quite commonly employed for sources of 
water supply. Jlessrs. Uelding Bros. & 
Co., of Northampton, Mass., have had a 
sad experience with one intended to supply 
tbeir silk works. After drilHuir to a depth 
of 3,700 feet the well was abandoned, as no 
flow of water was obtained. The bore was 
an eight-inch. Sand rock was struck at 150 
feet, and the remainder of the boring was 
into it without getting through it. At 
Holyoke, only nine miles aWuy, good and 
abundant water is found at (iOO feet. Tbe 
Belding well is the deepest in this country. 
The next deepest is at St. Louis, Mo., 
where a depth of 3,180 feet gives a sulphur 
water. The deepest in the world is a Gov- 
ernment well in Prussia, over 4,000 feet 
and furnishing hot water. Tie largest 
artesian well in the world is near Possy, in 
France. This istwofcet indiamcter, 1.913 
feet deep, and flows 3.7B,i,000 gallons of 
water per day. Another famous one is at 
Greoelle, France, which is sunk 1,803 feet 
and delivers 880,000 gallons of water daily, 
and with suflicient force to rise 120 feet 
above the surface. 

Alexander Parkes. an Euglis-bman. in- 
vented this remarkable substance in 1855, 
and made a fine display at the Paris Expo- 
sition in 1867. American patents of 1870 
and 1874 are substantially ideutical with 
those now in use in England. In France 
there is only one factory, and there is none 
elsewhere on tbe continent, one in Hanover 
having been given up on account of tbe 
explosive nature of the stuff. In this coun- 
try pure cellulose is commonly obtained 
from paper makers, in the form of tissue 
paper in wide toUs ; this, after being 
nitrated by a bath of mixed nitrate and 
sulphuric acids, is thoroughly washed and 
partially dried. Camphor is then added 
and the whole is ground together and thor- 
oughly mixed. At this stage coloring mat- 
ter may be put in. A little alcohol increases 
tbe plasticity of tbe mass, which is then 
treated for some lime to powerful hydraulic 
pressure. Then comes breakiug up the 
cakes and feeding th« fragments between 
heated rolls, by which the amalgamation of 
the whole is completed. Its perfect plas- 
ticity allows it to be rolled into sheets, 
drawn into tubes, or molded into any de- 
sired shape. 

A I len^l h. having crawled under the roots 
of the dwarf mangroves that covered the 
slob like a network of croquet hoops, we 
found ourselves at the edge of the marl, 
and within one hundred and fifty yards of 
the birds, who were still undisturbed. 
Here, with my glasses, I could see every 
feather, note the colorof the eyes and wafch 
every movement. There were we calcu- 
lated between seven hundred and a 
thousand birds, and a continuous low 
goose-like cackling was kept up. Never 
did I see a more beautiful mass of color. 
The male birds had now all got together, 
standing about five feet high, and with 
necks extended and heads erect, were evi- 
dently watching events, preserving in the 
meantime a masti-rly inactivity. Now and 
again one would stretch out his great 
black and scarlet wings, but the general 
effect was tbe most exquisite shade of pink, 
as the feathers of the breast and back are 
much lighter than those of the wings. 

The hens sal on the nests, and somt 
were sitting down in the muddy lagoon. 
After having watched ihe birds for an 
hour we showed i-ureelves ; but whether 

tbey had observed us before and became 
somewhat accustomed to our presence, or 
that when sitting they are more easy to 
approach than I thought, the only effect 
was that the hens left ibc nest and, joining 
the male birds, prepared for eventualities, 
nor did they take wiog until we had begun 
to walk up to the rookery. While we 
were examining it, the birds flew round 
us within forty yards, so that we could 
have shot them easily. Of course we did 
not do so. — Henri/ A. Blake, in Popular 
Sdf^ncf Monthly for March. 

In Queen Anne's time it is mentioned, 
both by Swift and Gay, that the umbrella 
was used by women, butupto themiddle of 
the eighteenth century it appears never to 
have been used in En^luiid by men, though 
Wolfe, the tben future conqueror of Que- 
bec, wrote from Paris in 1752, describing it 
as in general use in that cily. and wonder- 
ing that so couveuient a prnciice had not 
yet penetrated to England. Hanway. tbe 
famous travfler and philanthropist, who 
returred to Eupland in 1750, is said lo have 
bien tbe lirst Englishman whocarritd an 
umbrella, and a Scotch footman named 
John MacDonnld, who had tniveltd with 
his master in France and Spain, mentions 
in his curic-us autobiography that he 
brought one to London in 1778, and per- 
sisted in carrying it in wet weaiher though 

BlnimscrlptH tii SharklPH. 

St. Paul's Cathedral in London, has a 
relic of the ancient monastic library ; it is 
a vellum folio in Latin, with its old chaiu 
attached. The library of Wells Cathedra) 
was chained in former days and some of its 
volumes still retain the rings to which the 
chains were linked. In 1481 Sir Thomas 
Lyttleton bequeathed to tbe convent of 
Hales-Owen a book "which I wullbclidd 
and bounded with an yrou chayne in some 
convenient parte wilhiu the said church at 
my costs so that all precsta and others may 
se and rede it whenne it pleaseth them."' 
Fox's Book of Martyrs was often chained 
in the churches. Many of the rare tomes 
of the Oxford-Bodli'iau Library used to be 
chained, and when James I. visited it he 
declared that were he not a king he wou'd 
desire no other prison than to be chained 
with so many good authors. When John 
Selden's books were given to the Bodleian 
in 1659, over £25 were spent in providing 
them with fetters. Not until tbe latter 
half of the last century did the Bodleian 
Library shake off all its shackles 

Evervbridy is writing about our new pre- 
mium offer". We can't au.'iwcr you all by 
mail, friends. Gel the February number, 
and you will find everything as clearly de- 
fined as the noonday sun. If you haven't 
the February number, send us ten cents for 
one before they are all gone. 

not argue the point now. but will say that 
a free movement is a good thing, and that 
making large caps will help to develop it. 
We have also to say that many who aspire 
lo be called penmen spend all their energy 
on capitals and cannot write a decent line 
of small letters to save their lives. This 
should not be so, and we desire to empha 
sizi: Ihrt rmporiance of working at tbe exer- 
cises in small letters given in our fourth 

lu tbe next lesson we shall take up (lour- 
ishiog. Our lessons in this department 
will be few and to the point, afier which 
we will lake up the more interesting and 
valuable subject of lettering. 



I Pen 

If you have already tried it. you will usi 
other. If you haven't, you've cheated your 
se'f of a pleasure. 

Modern Views on Literature. 

■' What you reading now. Mame r " 

"Oh. I'm reading Tolstoi." 

"Isn't he splei.did ?" 

" Oh, just splendid ! Wasn't ■ Anna Kar 
splendid ?" 

"SpleaWid! Have you read any of Tur 
geneiff's books yet ? " 

"Oh, yes; I've just finished 'Dimitri 

"Isn't it splendid ?" 



riiotn-Eii graved from Copy by 1 

>otl(iii with Accoiupaiiylng; I,eBf 

a jeering crowd followed him crying, 
" Frenchman, why don't you get a coai h ?" 
In about three months, he snya. the ar.noy- 
imce almost ceased, and firadually a few 
foreigners and then some Englishmen fol- 
lowed bis example. Defoe had described 
the umbrella lis one of the contrivances of 
Robinson Crusoe, and umbrellas wire in 
consequence called " Kobiusous." They 
were looked upon for a long time as a sign 
of extreme effeminacy, and they multipllid 
very slowly. Dr. Jamieson, in 1782, is 
said to have been the first person who used 
one at Glasgow, and Southey's mother, 
who was born in 1752, was accustomed to 
say she remembered tbe time when any one 
would have been booted who carried one in 
the streeLs of Bristol. A single coarse cot- 
loo one was often kept in a coffee house to 
be lent out to customers, or in a private 
house to be laken out with a carriage and 
held over the heads of ladies as they got in 
or out ; but for many years those who u.sed 
umbrellas in the street were exposed to the 
insults of the mob and to the persistent and 
very natural animosity of the hackney 
coachmen, who bespattered them with mvid 
and lashed them furiously with their whips 
But the manifest convenience of the new 
fashion secured it.s ultimate triumph, and 
before the close of the century umbrellas 
had passed into general Ms-Q.—Ucky's His- 
tory of EngUind. 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

In our last lesson we gave some rapid 
writing, practical for business purposes, 
and in this lesson we give some more of the 
same kind, so far as tbe movement is con- 
cerned, but written with more care and in 
what we will call professional style. The 
small letters, as well us the caps, are made 
with what is called a pure forearm or raus 
rular movement, using the finders only to 
hold the pen. The copy was written with 
a 604 pen and India ink ground black, and 
is presented just as it fell from the pen. ex- 
cepting a reduction in size. All penmen 
who have tried preparing plain writing for 
photo-engraving, using thick India ink, a 
fine elastic pen, and the same free move- 
ment used iu ordinary rapid writing, know 
bow hard it is lo do, and we hope tbey will 
criticise gently the many little faults in our 

We spoke in our last lesson of catering a 
little to the taste of " Mark's " boys, and in 
fulfillment of our promise give the set of 
forearm or mu.scular movement capitals, 
and a few superfluous lines in the note. In 
fancy we hear fome readers of The Jocit- 
KAL saying that they show a very good 
movemcQtand nothing else. Well, wc will 

"I think all his books are spN-udid." 

"So they are, just splendid." 

" flow do you like Howeils?" 

" He's splendid, too." 

"Isn't he, ihough?" 

"Yes, indeed. Have you fver read any 
of Holmes'?" 

"Oh. of course. Isut he splendid ? " - 

"Isn't he, though ? He's so funny, too. 
Isn't ' Elsie Venner' splendid ?" 

' ' Just splendid ! But Miss Muloeh's books 

"They are just splendid ! Did you ever 
read Hugo's ' Les Miserables?" 

"Ob, isn't it exciting! But it's splendid, 
loo. Don't it end funny?" 

"Yes. mther; but it's splendid, clear 

" Indeed it is. 1 like to have a book end 

"Bodol. That's what makes Dickens' 
books so splendid. They end so good." 

"They are splendid, aren't they? " 

" Jiist splendid." 


— Conrrrfnlion between two Society teamen, 
rin Detroit Free Presa. 

(JDK Insthdctioss. — " Use best material ; 
spare no necessary expense to give ua the 
bi'si article on the market. We don't want 
a cheap pen for competition with exlstin;: 
brauds; we want the best, no matter what 
the selling price may be." 

Tm, \'o™. !>.,..,. ^ -Ames' Best Pen' 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 


■. Fulton St.). Nbw Yu 


•ystctne of Wrlllii^, 1 

NEW YOUK, SIAltCH, 1888. 

The JO'imai't Gtneral Agent for Canada (-s A. J. 
Stnali, whose headqimrtrTt are 13 Grand Optra 
House, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secrttary " Circle de 
la SalU," Quebec. (P. 0. Box IM). U fpecial agent/or 
that eily and vleinitj/. T/i4 IntfrnalUmal Newt Co., 
n BomerU Street (Fleet Street), London, are ite 
foreign agents. 


" Splurgers " and Peniiion 

The Copybook Questinn ,. . 3; 

Ttie Pen Slill Supreme 

An Expert io Writing 

Tlie Sclenoe of AdvertisiDg :j, 

O. BMer. 

Kiiiiw, Exrcute, Crltfol'C, Corroftl 

A. A. Clari. 

Ttie Ti ick of ii Forger 

. Bon the I'emnan 

Dki-ahtmbnt oy PuovooRArirr 8( 

itrt. L. It. racHtard. 

Sbortliand In Journalism ; Honks and 

Ci-noks ; PhonoKraphIo Notes ; Shorthand 

in Manitoba ; Pitfalls for Young Report- 

TwB Editor's I.^rsinR Ilium ;)j 

l.urk Vci-sos; The IlorseR of IIiq World; 
TiifCo\vl..>v; (l.ihi-f Art and Landscape 
GuirlonuiK ; loo Cream a Product of 
Modern Civilization; Arleslun Wi-lls; Cell- 
uloid; Flamingoes at Ilome; Career of 
the Umhrelia : Manuscripts in Slmckles. 

InstnicMon In Pen-Work- Xn. d 
//■- IV. A'ihbe. 

Modern Views of Literature 

New Pi-emiums In Brief 

I.«ssons by the Editor , , ....."" 

Wrlling at Random. . 

Copybook* vs. Written Copies ... 

L'ssoDs on Movement Exercises— No. 3 

F. A. fyaaee. 

Now Fornmlas for Inks 

Partnerisblp Obligations . 

Tub EDiTi>n'8 0*i_B*i)\i{ 

EdHoalional and Technical ; MagaRine^. 

[•remlum Talk 


: Klns- 

Collfge Bred M.nin Pollih-! 
All About Voliipnk 
The Left nand'sPctlilon 

ered inmiy difU. 


. n. n. Parsons. 

ArilBtio IVn Specimen . , 
TllK JoDRMAL'a AuToniiArii / 
Spciimena by j. w. Sh« 

1). It. LJlIlhrhlge, It. K 


Alphabet and Note-H. W. KIbbc (with ] osson) m 
ArSlsYks'e^l'm*'"**''' BierolBcs-K. K Is««<.-«.. 4, 

You may not want n gun. or a watcli. or 
.icycle. type writer, or any son of Htcra- 
ture in exclmnce for a little work. In Hint 
(-■aee o^ riicw prcmiun, Hsis will not suit 
>ou. if you do, iliey canuot fail. 

Thk .Jouhnal encoii 
ciiltios in issuing this nionlb, owing to 
trouble in tbe office wliere it was printed, 
which culminiili'd in a Htrilcc and left (be 
office witliout printers. Most of tlie type of 
lliis issue bus been standing several weeks. 

Our publishers bave done tbc best tbey 
could under Ibe circuinslnnces ; so bave we, 
iiud we feel apsured of tbe reader's indul- 
gence. The next will necessarily 
be delayed sbiucwhat. burw~e will hui-Ty"!"! 
as much as posi^ible, and hope to issue at 
least by April lo. 

New Premium List in Brief. 

The old premiums offered in comicctiim 
with subscriptions for The .Iournai. are 
no longer in force. Hereafter premiums 
will only be sent to those wboget new sub- 
scriptions. The person who sends the list 
must himself be n sub'^cribor. and ibe names 
he sends must be new, as we allow no pre- 
miums' for renewals. A full list of the new 
premiums, with minute explanations, is 
printed in the February number of Tiia 
Journal, which every club-worker should 
car'fully preserve. Here are some of the 
articles offered : 

For a single new name your choice of lli.^fi.1- 

Amee' Oi/i* (paper), Ame*' Copy Sllpi, or one of 
of these superb pen designs: Flourinhed Eagle, 
Flourifhed Stag. Cenfennial Picture of Proffrees. 
Grant Metnoiial, Oar/teld Memorial. Family Record, 
Marriagt Cerlijlcafe, l/trd's Prayer. 
Ame*' Guide, in cloth, for two new names, 
Ames' Niw Compendium of Practical and Artistic 
Penmanship, by express, for ten new names. 

Dickens* Complete works, fourteen vohimes. 
beautifully bound, by express, for tltteen new 
names and fifty cents additional. 

History of the United Sl.atts, ololh and gold, for 

For one new name and six cents additional either 
of the following : Dick's Commercial Leftfr Writer, 
Bow to Conduct a Debate. Brudder Jones' Jionk of 
Stump SjKecJus. 

For two new name* and ten cents additional, 
TAt FatiiUy Cyclojitdia of rufal Knowledge. 

For one new name, book of Recitations and 
Readings, comprising nearly -lOD standard stlec- 

For one new name. Complete Book of Home 

For twelve new names, elegant $n Puillar</ 
Musical Bo.r, by express. 

Horse/nan's P/iotograp/iic 

. House Patent Scroll Saw. 

', /louse Paleni l.nthe, by 

r largo clubs send In your 
~ '"rpetting touotif: 

iripilons to your credit 

lerthf ■ 

) entli: 

forgetting to notify u 

in order that when ihe requlsit 

idep«taDcllng tn thi 

se that you bav. 

f the 

ii offered for twenty 11 
only condition that \ 

s subscriptions, i 
s make fs that ^ 

OiitRt, CompMf. by e 
For twenty now na 
by express. 

Slylographle Pen, pocket size, by registered niall. 

No, 1, Open face, without second hand, nloltel 
stiver, milled centre, with engine turned back or 
monogram, for twelve new names. 

The same heavy gold plated for sixteen new 

sNo. I 

Filh second baud, sweep 

:, nickel s'lver, for slxteon 
Heavy gold plate for twenty new names. 

No. 3. Flegarit /Iiintlng Case, extra heavy goll 
plate, sweep second movement and stop attach- 
pf tbe first excellence -for 


3 by express jVo 


Bil'jian Breeeh-lMiding Double liarrelUd Shot 
Gun. Lofaucheux action, blue steel barrels, lO, is 
or l« caliber, for t.venty new names, including 
loading set. 

Side-Snap Action Double- Barrelled Breech- 1 Jiadt^- 
With loading set. fur thirty new names. 

Flobert Rifle. Remington Action, oiled stock, ease 
hardened, pistol grip, checkered, 2a caliber, for 

These goods are by far the best .m the market 
fur the prlue. They are made by one of the larg«-t 
arms uiauufacrurlng firms In the worl<l, and will 
do the work of much more oxpenslveguus. For 
and full descriptions see the February nam- 


IS bye 


Lessons by the Editor. 

vV demand has been made upon Ihe editor 
of The Journal, and by so many of the 
paper's readers that be docs not feel war- 
ranted in evading it—for a series of writing 
lessons from bis own pen. Such a series 
is now in course of preparation and tbe first 
instiiUmcnt will appear in llie issue of next 
month. The lessons will be progressive, 
practical, comprehensive. The illustrations 
as well as the text will be from the pen of 
the editor, and they will cover ihc whole 

The author of these lessons hus had 
enough experience in that line, both teach- 
ing writing and collecting the ideas of 
the best penmanship teachers for presenta 
[ion through Tue Journal, to justify him 
in promising a very complete and a very 
valuable course of instruction. It will be 
designed to help the teacher as well as the 
pupil. While slighting no techuictil detail 
that may be of benefit to the learner, the 
lessons will be as crisp and unique as it isin 
tbe author's power to make them. 

Just DOW we canuot say through how 
many numbers the lessons will run, but no 
one interested in such matters can afford to 
miss the opening paper. 

Have you friends who are seeking the 
means of improvement in their band- 
writing ? Tell them about The Journal's 
lessons. Tell them that they can get the 
benefit of a great deal of active experience 
in the way of precept and example by fol- 
lowing Tub: Journal'b lessons, which will 
represent the best efforts of the editor. 

Writing at Random. 

"Pro Bono Publico's " feathered dart, 
which pointed his communication in nii- 
olher column, went very close to the mark. 

If there is any one fault more conspicuous 
tlian another in tbe writing of the young 
men and many of Ihc teachers of the pres- 
ent day, it is the tendency to loose, sprawl- 
ing, disproportionuie and flourishy writing ; 
ihat is to say, their movement lacks the 
proper discipline for good writiug. 

Through the columns of Tub Journal 
there has been quite a controversy with ref- 
erence to tlie relative importance of legibil- 
ily and UMvement in writing. The great 
<liffi( ulty has been that many of our young 
teachers and writers have failed to discrim 
inate properly between movement and dis 

As our correspondent says, tbe editor of 
The Journal has been afflicted with in- 
numerable specimens of what the writers 
deem to be good writing, which, if present- 
ed to any of the business houses of this city, 
would be denounced as "trash." They 
, but lack the 

requisite d'seipline. and hence the sym- 
met ry of form indispensable togood writing. 
The capital letters often sprawl over the 
space of two or three ruled lines, where the 
small letters occupy less iban one. ihe 
writing being as disorderly as a brush pile. 

(■erininly in ihe article in qviestion tbc 
writer gives information and advice which 
many of ouryoung writers and teachers and 
aspirants to good writing will do well to 
heed. In fact, it is far better that a writer 
shoul'l confine himself to the finf,'er move- 
ment, ^jroducing at a fair rate of speed 
orderly writing, than Ihnl he should reel 
off flourishes and nondescript forms upon a 
lightning movement. 

We do not wish this to be constructed in 
any sense as favoring finger movement ; it 
is simply an expression of a choice beiween 
two very undesirable thinys in writing. 
Tbe medium is what should be sought ; 
that is, the forearm movement and finger 
movement so disciplined as to be perfectly 
at the control of the writer, enabling him to 
produce forms of reasonably accurate pro- 
portion and harmoniously and symme- 
trically blended in their combinations in 

Copybooks vs. Written Copies. 
.Vs between written and engraved cnpics 
there can be no queslion that wiiiten copies 
are decidedly preferable. Besides being ex- 
amples for imitation, there is an inspiration 
in a well written copy that cnnnot altach 
to an engraved one. Even though tbe writ- 
ten copy may lack the finished perfection 
of tbe engraviug, so long as it is reasonably 
systematic it is preferable. 

Where a teacher is able to sH dowu in 
the presence of his pupil and write the copy 
the pupil is inspired with a confidence in his 
instructor and his own capability to accom- 
plish ultimately that which he has seen sel 
before biin as an example, while, upon the 
otherhand, no pupilcan know positively that 
the perfection of the engraved copy is wiibin 
the bounds of his attainmenl. The feeling, 
must therefore prevail to a greater or less 
degree, that he may after all be striving 
for Ibat which is unattainable ; hence we 
desire to place ourselves squarely upon 
record asfavoring well written copies when 

We are aware that copy-books are rarely 
used in business schools or in special 
schools for writing, and that the teachers 
in such institutions freijucnly manifest hos- 
tility to their use. In ouv own experi- 
ence of over fifteen years in conducting a 
business college we never made use of a 
copybook, nor should we have done so had 
we continued up to the present time, simply 
because we were capable of writing our own 
copies, and employed no teacher of writing 
who wasnntaiso capable. Yet, at the same 
time, had our advice been sought by a 
teacher in a public school who could not 
write a good copy and was obliged to leach 
writing as btsl he could, we should have 
honestly and earuestly advised him to luc 

We prefer to rif'e upon the railroad to a 
stage coach ; but where our line of travel is 
over a section where no railroad exisis we 
are happy to make use of the stage coach as 
a convenient substitute ; or. even, if wo cau 
do no heller, to make the distance on foot. 
There are perhaps from thirty to forty 
thousand pupils in this counlry to-day who 
are receiving instruction in penmanshij) 
from teachers who may be called masters of 
that art— teachers who can make their own 
copies and have uo need of recourse to the 
engraved article. There are nearly half as 
many million pupils whose insiruclora arc 
not expert writing teachers, cannot write a 
copy fit to serve as a guide, and must teach 
from engraved copies if they teach at all. 

Hence, while under certain circnmstancej* 
we would ignore the copybook, under other 
circumsiances we would hail it with satisfac- 
tion. To the pupil who h not so happily 
situated as to avail hini^nlf of the of a 
written copy and the serviecs of a skilled 
teacher of penmanship, the cpyhooks 
should be a most valuable and welcome 

^'^ Btty. ^iuLy!i-Vi - 

This lesson is devoted to the five direct 
oval capitals, O, C, D, E, A, Id the first 
line you Dolicc tbe main slant truciug oval 
eocircles eacU letter, This is a very good 
movement drill to give anope iind ease of 
movement. Tbe learner sbould aim to 
make tbe tracing ovals around eac^i letter 
neat, snug and ou main slant. 

The next three lines are connected repcti- 
lii)ns of each of ihc five direct oval capitals. 

four hours with 750 parts of distilled 
water, strain and express. Vpon the resi 
due pour 350 parts of boiling distilled 
water and express after one hour. Tritu- 
rate five parts of white bole with tbe mixed 
strained liquids, raise once to boiling, re 
move the scum, and then filter through 
tlannel bags. Wash with water, uutil the 
to'al weight of the tiltrate is 1 ,000 piu-ls. 

2. Ink-Body B.— 300 parts of coarsely- 
powdered Chinese galls, and 100 parts of 
fustic in coarse powder are extracted, as in 
the preceding case. 750 parts of cold and 
350 parts of boiling distilled water, the 
united strained liquids clarified with five 
purls nf white bnlc. and the wciclit of llip 

add this in small quantities at the end of 
eight diiys. avoiding loss of effervescence, 
warm gently to remove retained carbonic 
acid, and finally add water to make tbe total 
weight 800 parts. 

4. Solution of Crude Acetate of Iron. — 
Macerate ten partsof iron turnings with 100 
parts of wood vinegar as long as any gas is 
given off ; then digest two or three hours at 
a temperature not exceeding 122" F., filter, 
and adjust the filtrate to tbe spec. grav. 

5. AUjzarin Ink. — {a) Dissolve fifty parts 
of green sulphate of iron in 750 parts of iuk- 
body B (cold), and then add the followini,' 

the ordei 

nd ; distilled 

/^^^4^^*'^'^'^/— /^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^Ac^, ^2^ 

U^^^^^n^-^^y L.-^^ry^yz^^T^^'i^^r^ c>cj.2^-nrny C^.^-^^T^-t^^:^ 

Such exercises give confidence and skill. 
Practice these with a vigorous, rapid, mus- 
cular movement, the proper speed being 
hi'Iween 75 an<l 100 O's per minute. 

The learner sbould also practice very 
much on word e.\ercises. as per the last line 
in illustration. 

New Formulas for Inks. 

From a series of new ink formulas given 
by Eugene Dieteiich !n bis yeut» I'harma- 
rentuwJiea Manuale, Berlin, we select a few 
specimens, remarking at the same time that 
tbey have been declared by experts to be 
among tbe best ever published : 

1. Ink Body .4,— Macerate 200 parts of 
cjarselypowdered Chinese galls for twenty- 

final filtrate made up to 1,000 parts, In 
place of the extract of galls, lanniu may be 
used; but in this case, as the other con- 
stituents of the extract are absent, it is 
necessary to add more of tbe salts so as to 
increase the body of the ink, Inks made 
with tannin require more time to get b'ack. 
3. Solution of Indigo-gulphatt! of Sodium — 
Introduce 150 parts of fuming sulphuric 
acid into a flask placed in cold water, and 
gradually add, avoiding increase of tempera- 
ture, twenty parts of powdered indigo, 
previously dried at 2I2*'F. Cork the fi ask 
and sctitaside for eight days at theordinary 
in-door temperature. Meanwhile prepare a 
filtered solution of 205 parts of carbonate 
of sodium and 430 parts of distilled water. 

water, 100, solution of indigosulpbate of 
sodium. 150. solution of acetate of iron. 25. 
chloride of ammonium, 20, sulphate of 
sodium. 20 sugar. 20 parts, (ft) Mix tan 
nin, 50. green sulphate of iron, 40, chloride 
of sodium, 25, sugar. 25, bisulpbale of 
potassium, 7.5, benzoic acid. 2, dry indigo- 
carmine, ;{, and picric acid, 0.5 parts, with 
1.000 parts of boiling water. Either of 
these inks is decanted into a bottle which 
must be well stoppered. After a fortnight 
the clear ink may be drawn off from tbe 
sediment. These inks will retain their 
copying quality for a period not exctedlut; 
twenty-four hours. Fresh writing furnishes 
brilliant copies, 
(i. Blue Nutgall OJlce-Ink.—iu) Mix 500 

parts -of ink-body A with a coid mixture 
prepared from: distilled water, 300 parts, 
green sulphate of iron, thirly parts, sugar, 
twenty parts, hydrochloric acid, two parte. 
Also dissolve, with a gentle heat, two parts 
of water-soluble aniline blue in 200 parts of 
distilled water, and add this when cold to 
tbe mixture first prepared. (6) Dissolve 
forty parts of tannin, thirty of sulphate o 
iron, thirty-five of sugar and two of hydro 
chloric ueid in 900 parts of distilled water, 
and add to it a solution of two parts o 
water soluble aniline blue in 100 parts of 
distilled water prepared by beat and then 
cooled. Decant as in the preceding inks. 

* Partnership Obligations. 

There seems to be no end to litigation 
arising out of partnership diftlcuUics. 

A case of considerable interest has just 
been decided in the Wisconsin Supreme 
("ourt. Il was that of Clement es. Clement. 

The action was brought to recover upon 
a partnership note, and the defence was set 
up that the note had been given after the 
firm had been dissolved ; but it was shown 
that the firm to whom the note had been 
delivered had not been informed of the dis- 
solution. The defence prevailed, though it 
was shown that the persons making the 
note bad paid a part of it, and the plaintiff 
carried the case to the higher court, where 
the judgment was reversed. 

Judge Orton, in his opinion said: "There 
are incidental rights and liabilities of n part- 
ncrsbip which makes the members of the 
linn something more than mere joint con- 
tractors, and it is only after notice of the 
dissolution of the firm to the creditor that 
the partners are then placed upon the same 
footing of other joint contractors. Until 
the payee knows of the dissolution, any note 
or payment thereon, made by one partner 
within the scope of the partnership busi- 
ness, binds the other partner also. A part- 
nership debt remains the same after dissolu- 
tion, and the partners are all responsible for 
ihfc whole debt each, any arrangement to the 
contrary between themselves notwithstand- 
ing, and they are still agents for each other 
in making payments or doing anything im- 
material to tbe contract Dissolution docs 
not revoke the authority of one partner us 
the agent for the others to arrange, settle, 
liquidate and pay the debts before created, 
80 any payment of a firm note made by any 
member of the firm so binds it that the . 
statute of limitation will not be a defence. 
The making of the note clearly bound tbe 
partnersliip, the payee not having been ad- 
vised of the dissolution of the firn). The 
purpose of the dissolution was to avoid any 
further liability of a partnership chnractcr, 
luid it should be evident to each member of 
the firm that to protect himself he must see 
that due publication or notice of the separn- 

s giv 


The New Spencerlan Com- 

This work is now bound complete The 
price has been fixed bv tlic publishers at 
$7.50, on receipt of which it will be for- 
warded posti)aid from this office. 
We have alreddy described this work in 
' ' ' ' ' ' ; not possible 

beyond any 

llie most Mattering terms, 
to overstate its i 

question ibe most complete, finished aiiS 
•mprebensive work upon the art of pen- 

HnsbiptliHi the world base 


library can 

ill forward 


um for $10. 

The An 


(Ii,.| , ! 1 1 , 


Clubs for March. 

wiikawalie solioiil, .Spnldiu),'': 

rill I ,.|!,L'e of Kansas City, JIo. 

' l>iiig Clul) tliis month. I 

'I"*, and is scut hy S. E 

- t. of Souders Coni- 
iiicnijii I niiege, Chicago, sends tbe Queen 
llubof IIN names. He is alive to tbe im- 
portance of having his pupils provided with 
L-ood penmanship literature. .So is 11 T. 
I.oomis. of the Spencerian Business Colle;:e 
Cleveland, who forwards a club of 54 
Cliorles I!. Wells, of Well.s' Commercial 
(ollese. Syracuse i one of Ibe beet writing 
leaebers in this country, sends 81 names 
and our good friend C. A French of Bos- 
ton, the s.'une nunilipr. Tliese other wcll- 
kuoivn penman ami teachers eontribute 
e!nh«ns follows .\ W Diiliin. Syracuse 
t^r.;„u- II I CI,,,,.,, r,,,il,,„,I- Maine' 

The Editor's Calendar. 


— Tin ProffrrMrt Agt. whk'b emanat4?s from the 
Nornial Buaines.<> CoUeufc. K&Dsai Cilj-, Mo. liua 
bsiieil Hti attra< live New Year's number. 

— Th» lAneoln MontM\f. muulhplece of Lilll- 
brldge St Roone's Biis)n«« CcrlleRe, Liiiooln, Ne- 
braska, ebow^ up In dne Mj-le for February. 

— The CtiUgt Star. Hirjm. Obio. la a twiokler of 
conMdersble pretension". It fa published by the 
Hesperian Literary Snoiely of Uimm Colle;;e. 

—A sood deal of entertaining matter, original 
and aelected. appears ea^-h inonlh in Tht Normnt 
Index, Uarrtaburg, Va. It is edited byG. W. Hon- 

— C. S. Perry \& anoounoed as ibe editor of a new 
pabll<;atton, TAe WHting MMUr.WmQeld, Kansa*. 
The first number bus several attractive iilustra- 

—The reouroes of Montana, and the attraillons 
of Helena In particular, are liberally set forth in 
H. T. Bagelhorn'a Biulnem Kducafor, publlstied tn 
that city. 

-7^ Amrrlcnn ftnmon comes to us to new form. 
We bad missed its visits and supposed it h^id drop- 
ped out. We are glad to know that the supposl- 

— Number5of Mr. Showalter'8 Prn Art Herald. 
Cleveland. Ohio, has the features of F. D. Gorsline, 
of the Ohio Bu^lnesa University, as a headlight. 
The number Is profusely iliustrati d. 

— The Florida School Jovmal. published at Lake 
City, In that Sttite, elves evidence on every page 
of great caie In preparation. H. Merz, Us editor 
and piibllBhor, is to be congratulated. 

—J. n. Williams, of the Iowa City Commeroial 
CoUese. publishes a suhool paper oillcd The t'oUege 
Journal. The current number opens with an illus- 
trated writing lesson by P. T. Benton. 

—With unbroken regularity we receive the wel 
come School Visitor of Madison, WU- A feature of 
IhU journal Is the pablicntion in each issue of a 
condensed biography of some eminent person. 

-Such welgiity Informaliun as is conveyed In n. 
W. Ball's new College Journai, Harper, Kansis. 
sboulrl not ha Intrusted to paper of so flimsy a 
texture. Otherwise the youngster Is very attrac- 

— One of the most attractive school publications 
thutwehuve the pleasure of seeing is TheCoUfjtiif 
Commerce Journai, of Philadelphia. Thomas J. 
Prlikett, President of the college, is the editor and 

—Considerable technical information of general 
Interest Is printed In The Educational Journal, 
Clinton, Iowa. O, P. Judd is the editor and man- 
ager. He seems to keep both eyes opeu for what 

-Kniglit of the QuUl Is the title of a new essay in 
penmanship and business college journal ism which 
hails from Davenport, Iowa Charles C. Owens is 
the editor and publisher, A sketch of B. C. Wood, 
of the Iowa Commercial College, is printed In the 
current number. 

—ffUl'n NnHonal BiiUder, nt Otiicago. is the 
most attractive publkiitlon of its kind which 
we have the plea-ure of seeing. Each number 
contains minute plans for building residence.-! of 
varying cost, with colored plate eugiaviiigs. The 
price is $3 a year. 

~Tlu Puzzler la the name of a new and very 
unique monthly periodical published by N. D. C. 
Uodges. New York. Its contents comprise a series 
of problems, pictorial and otherwise, to be solved 
by the reader. Nothing like it, so far as our In- 
formation extends, has ever before appeared. 

-Messrs. Browerand Parsons. Wilton Junction, 
Iowa, publish a bright little monthly which they 
call TheXormal. The current number has a por- 
trait and sketch of P, B. S. Peters, Principal of Ihe 
penmanship department of Hitner's College. St 
Joseph, Mo. . and a young penman of great promise. 

—So The Rocheeler Cmnnierrial Hernew is not to 
be discontinued after all. at which wo congratu- 
late it« enterprising proprietors. Mesirs. Williams 
A Rogers, of the fur-famed Roehester Business 
L'liivursity. After printing its own obituary. The 
Review oumes out In fine shape, profuse In apolo;fy 
and with ft«uranoe thut its u*efulue« will be con- 

—We 'have received the qusrtcrcentennlal 
edition of The Ilampthlre County Journal, Konh- 
ampton, Mass. It has seventy large pages devoted 
to a review of the enterpilses of the community 
"n whiehltispubll.'ihtd, liberally and brautlfuUy 


-The frontispiece of the Ftbniary number of 
>'/. XichotoA Is "Family Affairs." drawn by Mary 
Hallock Foote. Amelia E, Barr contributes a 
touching Russian Christmas stfirj- called " Michael 
and Feodosla," and Palmer Cox has some more 
delightful lalk about the Brownies and their ad- 
ventures with the whale. 

-Professor Andrew D. White contributes 
another of his curious *' New Chapters In the War- 
fare of Science" to the March number of The 
flijnilar Science JfonM/j/. The series of papers on 
'■ Economic Disturbances." by Hon. David A. 
Wells, is also oontliiuid. In "Glimpses at Dar- 
win's Working Life," Mr. H. Larraboe presents 
some of the most striking chamcterlstioa revealed 
in the "Life and Letters " of the great naturalist 
A very readable article in ibis number is 
•■ Flaoolnito©8 at Home," by Henry A. Blake, which 
l> illuGtraied. 

I Sfrilmer't will be a pleasing account of a visit to 
, Gibraltar, by Dr. Henry M. Field, whose books of 
travel are so popular. The mllitHry and social 
I features of this stronghold are d&iGribe<l in a vivid 
i manner. There Is also a stirring at-cuuul of the 
great steiie of Gibraltar by the French and Spanish 
towijfd the olo^ of the last century. 

-The CoiturytoT February has a dellgbtfnl essay 
hy James Russell Lowell on Walter Savage Landor, 
the pnet. A portrait frontispiece of the subject 
accompanies the article, which is also supplemenied 
by a collection of h. ret iifore unpublished letttreto 
Mis* Mitry Boyle, revealing his interesting person- 
ality and his opinions on art, politics, etc. The 
floiion of thlsnumberhbyGeorgoW. Cable, Ed- 
ward Egglesiun. Frank 11 Stockton and Octave 

—In the March M-igozine of Amtncan Hletory 
there Is a most tigreenble variety of entertaining 
and scholarly paper-. The leading article this 
month, entitled " Historlo Cannon BalN and 
Houses." la an animated description of the Inva- 
sion of Connecticut by the British In 1777, and the 
bi.ld resistance of tlie Inhabitants of the town of 
Ridgeficld. by Col. Clifford A. H. Bartlett, L. L. B., 
and the paper is superbly illusirated, thus adding 
greatly to the charm of the narrative. The por- 
trait of General David Woosler, who fell In this 
encounter, forms the frontispiece to the number; 
It 14 from a rare and handsome picture made in 


— C. H. Waller is conducting writing classes at 
Hampden. Maryland. 

—J. F. Fish, of Cleveland, Ohio. Is coining golden 
opiiiious by his very clever pen-work. 

-Tlie students of Child's BusIucm College. 
Si-ringfield, Mass., held a delightful reception on 
ihe evening of February 9. 

— F. 0. Young, well known as a left-band writer, 
bus charge of the penmanship department of Baln- 
hrldg© Buslne-s College, Saorameito, California, 

-O. M. Smilhdeat, the well-known coramcrclal 
teacher, bos opened a new bu»iness college at 
Danville, Virginia, and is well pleased at the out- 

— Principal Evans, of the Business College of 
liutllngton. Vt., has reason to feel flattered at the 
commendations of his school which appear in the 
public print of that city. 

— W. L. Long. Quinoy, 111 , whose capabilities are 
attested by various excellent specimens of pen- 
wtirk submitted to us, Is open tor an engagetneut 
ns a, teuuhcr of writing. 

— H J. Williamson, of Richmond, Va., has opened 
the Southern Business College at that city. Judg- 
ing from his bright paper, the Quarlerli/, we should 
call him an cnterprt^ing young man, sure to sue- 

London In iTTfl, As usual, the number Is a speci- 
men of typograpliic beauty, unexcelled In the 
magazine field. Price S-"* a year. 743 Broadway, 
New York City, 

— '■ Opuraiu New York." by Henry T. Flnok. the 
author of the popular work on " Romantic Love and 
Personal Beauty," and the HCconipllshed mu-loul 
critic of the New York Eeming Foit, Is the leading 
article in Tht Coamoj/otitan, for March. Is notable 
for the beautiful lull page illustrations In colors, 
the fine pen portraits by buch of the leading singers 
lit the Metropolitan Opera House, und the pen 
drawings and wood engravings by other well 
known artists. Mr. Fiook has given aihrlllant and 
vivacious review of the season, the moetsuooesaful 
since the opening of the hoU'ie. accompanied hy 
newandlntereatiug anecdotes about Herr Seidl. 
Fraaieln Lehmun, Herr Niemann, and oilier mem- 
bers of the company, and by plguanl comments 
upon the charocterisllci of the audiences that have 
crowded the house nightafter night. 

February Wide awflita has come; bright with 
pictures and full of entertainment and wisdom for 

ung folks. One serii s of papers alone is enough 

make the fortune of a magazine, " The Children 
tho White House.' by Mrs. Upton, a familiar 

otoh of the chlldrent.f John Adams with many 
curious portraits and relics. "About Rosa Bon- 
beur," by Henry Bacon, Is accompanied by copies 
of several of her pictures, with a portrait of the 
artist herself In hersmdlo. "My Uncle Florimond," 
by Sl.tney Luska. comes to its third instalment. 
Mrs^ Sherwood takes " Those Cousins of Mabel's " 
Spring*. Olive Risley y, 


all of China. 
■ ■■ ^SO[. 

teller. And 

-- .-, ..._, varied and 

iple copy can be obtained by 

) the pub:Uher8, D. Lolhrop 

—Messrs. Johnson. Perrin and Osborn, proprietors 
of the Buffalo Business University, announce a 
special summer session of ten weeks ataspec-Ul 
rate of SSO, to open on Juno 20. 

—The Sixth Annual Catalogue of the Capitil 
Business College, Houston, Texas, of which J J, 
Anderson is the principal, shows a gratifying state 
of prosperity in that institution. 

—A beautiful catalogue comes to us from the 
Curtbs Commercitil College. Minneapolis and St. 
Paul, Minn. The handsome countenance of the 
proprietor brightens up the foreground. 

— T. R. Southern, of the penmanship department 
of Ileald's Business College, San Francisco, has 
probably been awarded as many medals for good 
penm,tnshlp as any writer in this country, 

—Tho students of Anaka, Mlune-ota, Business, 
CollcL-e met and adopted resolutions expres-sive 
of their regret at losing the services of U. u. Kel- 
logg, who lately resigned from the faculty. 

off 10 the Christmas holidays, 

an teachers are preparing to 

ting in Davenport, lu., at that 

together f'lr the 

but already 
hold a rou-ii 
time, when the W. P. A. 

— U. A. (Jriftitts, lute of LawTcncc A (Jriffltl*' 
lIusinesB College, Galveston, Texas, has connected 
Business College, 

prletorrhlp of 

—Mr. George E. Little, the well known drawing 
teacheraud lecturer, Washington. D, C, was mar- 
ried on February 1 1 tn Miss Marlon L. Reynolds of 
Franklin, Pa,, at the .Irst Methodist Church of 
that city. Mr. Little Is well known to the readers 
of Tub JonnsAL, having contributed articles from 
nder the happy couple our 

—If the number of students counts for anything. 
Spalding's Commercial College. Kansas City. Mi),. 
Is enjoying an unusual degree of prosperity. The 
current catalogue shows a total attendance of T36 
during the past year, of which U7 were ladles. 

—A. J. Rider, of the Trenton. N. J., Business 
College, bos been re elected President of Ihe Boani 
of Trade of that olty. We have had the pleasure 
of reading an excellent address delivered by him In 
ihls oapaolty a short time since and printed In Thr 
Daily Slate Ometle. 

—A. S. Chamber, a graduate of McKce * Hender- 
son's Oherlin, Ohio. Business College, and at pres- 
i-nt teaching in tho Wllkesbarre, Pa., Business Col- 
I ge, was married on December -ilth to Miss Eva 
M. Walke*. of Medina, Ohio. Our coniplImenU 
and congratulations. 

—This from the Newark Evening Newn .• C. T. 
Miller, of the New Jersey Business College, has 
been presented by the students of the evening 
(■lasse* with a valuable gold headed umbrella 
F:aoh of the teachers has been given a copy of Web 
.-ler's Unabridged Dictionary. 

—The Spenceriau Business College. Cleveland, 
is to be congratulated on its very excellent lec- 
ture course. These are among the notables who 
have entertained the students during tho season ; 
The Clara I^oulse Kellogg Concert Company; Rev 
Joseph Parker, of the London Temple; Frank 
Beard, the artist; Rev. Sam Jones, evangell.~t ; 
Iliin. George R, Wendling, and Mrs. Scott-Sld- 

—The Belleville, Ontario. DaUy Jnlellifjtncfr has 
an Interesting account of a presentation of a valu- 
able inkstand and gold pens to Messrs. Robinson 
and Johnson, Prinolnals of the Ontario Business 
College, by the pupils of that institution. Charles 
R. UcCuUough, a member of the faculty, was pre- 
sented b^ the principals and students with hand- 
■iO'ne volumes of Scott's, Longfellow's, Tennyson's 
iirid Thackery'a works. 

—A. A. Clark. Superintendent of Writing in the 
public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, not only under- 
suinils ho-vto talk penmanship, but how to leach 
It. 'I'll-' f.irniiT is evidenced by his communication, 
I" « i,h li vs. u-htdly give space In this Issue, and the 
^iti>'i iiy a iiiiiltitude of slips which we have re- 
■ ■n\. J '> .\|in.-s.'». showing the work of the pupils 
intliB (lisvekind public schools. Wo have exam- 
ined the work with a great deal of Interest, and 
find it Uy bo uniformly excellent. If any city In 
this country can show more even or more excellent 
w.irk i)y the pupils of their public schools, the fact 
has not been demonstrated tons In an experience 
covering a number of years. 

—At Paris, Tex., on March 7. Mr. E. M. Chartier, 
tho well-known penman and teacher, was united 
In matrimony with Miss Clara B. Scggelke. They 
have the best wishes of the Journal and the pro- 

— Madarasz, the card-writer, is a great admirer 
of Kibbe's penmanship. He says it is a long time 
since he has seen a better specimen of a purely 
business leiier than Kibbe's In the last number of 

Premium Talk. 

Of course, there are people who make a 
custom of misunders Ian (ling ibings, so with 
all our pains in explaining in detail the new 
premiums offered with The Jduhnal, and 
the conditious uudt-r which they may be 
obtniDed, some few of our friends seem to 
have mistaken the plan. But they were not 
many, and probably hadn't taken the pains 
to read our preface to the new lis! as care- 
fully as they might have done. 

We had several applications, for instance, 
for some of our new premiums, because Ibe 
applicants had some subscriptions standing 
on our books to their credit. Of course, we 
couldn't send the premiums in such a case. 
The schedule dntcs from the publication of 
the Peliruury issue. 

A number of people also have sent their 
own subscriptions (either new or renewal), 
and designated the premium to be sent 
them from our new schedule. We made it 
very clear in the aoDouncemt nt thut oo 
preii.iums go with om-'s own subscription 
or for renewals, but for getting nfw subscrip- 
tions. If John Smilh is a subscriber and 
wants, say --The Complete Book of Home 

subscribif), be must induce Sam Brown, 
who is not a subscriber, to lake The Jour- 
nal. Smith sends %\ for the subscriplion, 
and the premium goes to him by rtturn 
mail. Brown gets ihe subscriptfon — iioth 
ing else. If he wants premiums he must 
send subscribers also. 

Now, if Smith is not on our books and 
wants a premium, his first step is to sub- 
scribe, which will cost him %\. Then he 
operate as agent, not oihcrwise. ^Vhen 
subscription expires, he must setd 

iher full dollar for renewal. No prc- 

ira goes with the renewal. 

r pill 

— TbouBands of letters are rcceir«d in Tmk 
JnvRKAi. offioe in the course of a month. A large 
proportion of Ibem are liunilKomelr 


n'-tice them all. Here arc t^ome taken at random : 
A. H. Fassett. Factoiyvttle. Pa., a pupil of II. 
W, K'bbe, wbo doe« hU mu8t«r credit; Lazarus 
Levi. Sjracme. who gotbia InHplrallonfrom A. W. 
Dahin ; L. F. Schearer of Readlnp. Pa., who 
writes agreat deul better since he bas been read 
ing Tde JocRNAL : F. B Timothy, 110 East IStb 
street. New York, with club; L. A>-lre, of tbe 
Northwestern College of Cominer<'e. Minneapolis, 
Minn., with club; W. A. Phllllpp. of the St. 
Thomas, Ontario, Business CoUeee. with club ; J. 
Harrison Cote, East Qreenwicb, It. L, wiili club. 

K. E. Morrlfs, La Plata. Mo.; A. T. Htfynolds. of 
the DlriEO Business College. Augusta, Me,, with 
club; O. J. Penrose, of the Chamberlain Institute' 
Randolph. New York, with olub ; C. A. French. 
Boston, Ma.«8., wtlh club; G. K. Demnry, Buffalo, 
N. Y., Business University, with olub : H. T. Eogel- 
bom, of the Normal Training School, Helena, 
Montana, wllh club ; W. E. Demond, Ovid Centre, 
N, Y ; 1. W. Hallett, MUlerton Pa , with club ; C. 
N. Crandle, Dixon, Illinois, BuxinefS College ; C. II. 
Kimmig, lOIS Aroh street, Philadelphia ; W. J. 
Lilly. 860 Austin avenue, Chicago; W. S. Hull. 
Ypsllantl. Mich, with club; W. H. ShrAWd*T 
Richmond, Ind , with club ; N. R. Luce, Union City, 
Pa , with olub ; E. M. Chariler, Pari-, Texas ; C. ». 
Runnells, Cbicago, HI.; E. A. I'i'Ole, South Bristol, 

S. C. Williams, Spalding's Commerciul Cullt-ge, 
Kansas City, Mo., with club; II. T. lA>omis, Spf n- 
cerian Business College. Cleveland. Ohio; A. J. 
Hall. Ladoga, Ind.; W. S. Cbaniberlain. Wilkes- 
barre. Pa., Business College: J. M. Wade, Emlen- 
ton. Pa ; J. M. Johnson, Sallna, Kansas ; C. E. Mc- 
Kee, Columbus, Ohio; J. M. Vincent, Souder's 
Business College, Chicago; Fielding SchofieM. 
Quincy. HI.; A. H. Sieadman, Toledo, Ohio, witli 
olub; C. R. McCuMougb, Ontario Business College, 
Belleville, Ont., wiih 'jlub; W. C- Wahon, Ports- 

menstoonr collection. C. P. Zanet, the accora- 
pliibed ynuug scribe of Columbus, Ohio, sends 
some written cards and exercises, which for 
beauty and delicacy of tinlsh, can hardly be sur- 
pnssed. Good specimena in tbe same line come 
from E. D. Blake. Galesburgb, 111. Sereral very 
artistic apeclmens are submitted by P. A Ilru- 
matko of the Cedar Rupids. Iowa, Buslne8*CoHese. 
H. C. Havls of the Hlllman Academy, Wllkesbarre, 
I'a., sendssome very clever examples of work. 

— T. M. Williams of the Actual Business Col- 
lege, Pittsburg, Pa., submits a very unique bird 
specimen. Fr<>m J- D. Briant. Raceland, la . wc 
haveasfieoinien of writing meant for engraving; 
the lines lii.wever. ar-.- not suffioienlly connected 
tn i" 1 :,■ Til I . '!_ - Fiizraved. Other credilable 
(!].. I I ' lived from the following: 

i.t.i-ii I..,, .\ .- I. W. Allfson, Newark. N. 

J , liu^uu.^.-. c.l.^L. With club; L. C. U«vener, 
Director of Piiyaicul Culture of the Y. M. C. A. 
gymuiisium, Worcester. Muss.; R. H. Seadin, Ben- 
zoua, Mich.; F. B. Hatch, Rockland, Me, P. A. 
Westrope, Grant, Iowa; F. J, Whlteleathe 

, Ontario ; 

Educational Notes. 

Harvard distributed |o3,000 to iudigcDt 
students last year. 

Tlie eurolled .'^chool papulation of the 
South has increased 300 per cent, since 1B70. 

There are 2,000 Protestant girls in con- 
vent schools in the Canadian province of 

No more little Moslems will go to Chris- 
tian schools in Palestine, for the Turkish 
government has forbidden it. 

There arc 400 school districts in Vermont 
which have less than a dozen regular 

A tmospherical knowledge is not thorough- 
ly distributed to our schools. A boy being 
asked. " What is mist ?" vaguely responded, 
"An umbrella." 

" Boy," said a schoolmas'er, putting his 
hand on the boy's thoulder. "I bdicve 
S'lian has got hold of you." 

"I believe so, loo," replied the boy. — 
Open Court. 

Englishman (to freshman) — "And is your 
curriculum large and extended ?" 

Fresh— "Large and extended ? Well. I 
shnuld say it was. It's four laps to thi- 

TeachfT — "I'm sorry to hear a little boy 
use such shocking langlinge. Do you know 
wliat Urcomes of little boys wbo swear ?" 

Urchin — " Yes'm. Der gits ter be boss 
ciir drivers." 

Papa — " Why did the teacher whip you. 

Boy — "Oh, for nothinc at all. When he 
asked how many teeth I had, 1 answered.' a 
mouthful.' "—The M'aterbuTy. 

In tlie rhetoric class: Teacher — "Take 
thesenlence, " She gave herself away.' How 
can that be changed and still retain the 

irried." — Dansville 

Pupil— "She 

Tbe superintendent, on introducing a 
young man as a new teacher for a class, 
asked, in his behalf, how their former 
teacher began work. A demure hiss an- 
swered : "The firet thing she did every 
Sunday was to kiss us all around." 

Bright Geometry Sludcnt—" This radii 

Professor — " I suppose you mean radius. 
In Laiin, when they mean one, thev use 
•us,' and when r 
our language wc 
'us' for plural." 

First Omaha Boy— "Come on. Whatj 
waiting for ?" 

College Bred Men in Politics. 

Of the seventy six I'niud Slates Senators 
tbiity have received a classicjil education, 
aud forty six. or eight more than one-half, 
have been educated in common schools and 
academies. Of the 833 Representatives and 
Territorial Dclegat' s but 108 have attended 
college, while 22fj. or fifty-nine more than 
the entire number, are either self-cducaied 
or have received their instruction at inGtitu- 
lions whose curriculum did not extend be- 
yond the ordinary Kuglish siudii-s. 

Of the relative influence of the two clui^Fes 
it is not my purpose to speak. Nor could I 
do so without obvious improprieiy. This 
phase of Ihe subject is not included in the 
inquiry whether education helps or hinders 
the young and ambitious aspinint in tbe 
preliminary contest for preferment in pub- 

Generally speaking, however, it may be 
said that college graduates as a rule exhibit 
a certain lack of practical capacity in deal- 
ing with men and things. They take subtle 
and abstract views of all questions, and are 
apt to be timid, cautious and conservative, 
rather than progressive and radical. It wag 
said of Joseph Addison that he failed as 
Sccreiary of State because, in composing 
bis dispatches, he hesitated about forma of 
expression aud the rhetorical construction 
of sentences till the emergency was passed. 
Senator Sumner was another illuslration of 
splendid incapacity for practical affairs in 
legislation. His ideals were incomparably 
pure and lofty, and it seemed impossible for 
him to realize that statutes arc Ihe result of 


mouth, N. n,; W. H. Lolbrop, Si 
with club; J. P. Carrolhers, 
Couucil Biuffs, lown; M. V. llo 
Ind., Commercial Collegf; 

[i Boston, Mass., 

r, Terre llauie. 
, Spencer. Spen- 

! College, Milwaukei 
club; A. W. Daklii. Syracuse, N. Y.; J G, Har- 
mlson. LexluRtou.Ky.; R. S. Collins. Knoxville. 
Tenn., Business Collene; H. J. Putninn, Minne- 
apolis, Mlun,; C. L. Free, Easton, Pa., Buslopss 
Colleee. with olub. 

H. W. MtCaaerty, East Liverpool, Ohio; E. A. 
Gieger. Hamilton. Out,, Buniness College, with 
s College, 

Memphis, Tenn. 

with rhib ; W. S. Jones, Pori- 

laud. Oregon, w 

b club; W. I). Sbowulter, Editor 

Pen ATI Utrald 

Cleveland. Ohio; F. G. Steele 

Cambridge. Oliln 

; J, M M.-h;in. Capital Cily Com 


:u-^ Ml. ill,-. Imwii ; L. M Itobin 

SOD. Iowa f'trv. 

.w:i, i^.jniji.r. i^il Collego ; F. L 

DagEi-tt. Buni- t 

i- lJu>in. ^> < ■..lii'«f. Boston. 

Charles MeCI 

Ikih M.f.pnih, III., with elegHUl 

specimeus of pla 

inwillins; T. .1. Copeland, Cot 

ton Pl*nt, Ark.. 

jBrds; 0. G. Huraen, Clinton. la. 

enclojiing vario 

a exercl-'es »nd cards ot a high 

order of execi 

:ion. Ilursen is one of I'rliih 

MoKee's pupils. 

—The latest 1 

Bsue of Kibbes Alphabet are iu 

keeping with il 

e unique and beautiful style ol 


passed with i 

that acoomptislied penman. Our collfctiou Is en- 
riched by some new bird specimens from iha pen 
of W. J. Elliot, of the Central Business ColleRi-, 
Stratford. Ontario. A number of very beautiful 
automatic epeclment by A. n. Barbour, Tabor. 
Iowa, show that the hand of that geutleuian hiiB 
lost none of its cunning. W. M. Wuguer, Penman 
of the Smlthdeal Business College, Uichmond, Va,, 
Is an exceptionally ornate writer; he submlis 
oarda. Samples of steel and copy-plate ongraving 
of a high order of excellence oome from R. S. 
Bon-'atI, of Iha Metropolitan Busluess College, 

—Charles S. Church. Bangor, Maine. whosd>s 
he hiis received much practical Inatruolion from 
Tub JoruNAL. sends us a well executed drawing 
ol a lions head Sum J. Baer, Summerfleld, III,, 
shows various spectmeuls of uuunccted o.ipltal*. 
B. Marnex, ofWriKbts BUBiue.''6 College. Brooklyn, 
evinces superior skill by some tracery In the shape 
of birds. G. w. Temple. San Antonio, Texas, con- 
tributes one of his oharact«ristlD fiuurished speot 

-lil loluifdgirl, who 
ii( ilir irst roradmis- 
-i..-iii-nipliy of the 
Cooper Uui.iu, wiih miU ;,iiniii :io percent, 
of the candiddies h< lug at i^cpied, has a 
front seat with llie class. 

The different colleee gymnasiums are 
valued as fnllows: 'Harvard. $110,000; 
Yale. $125,000 ; Princeton. $38,li00 ; Am- 
herst, $65,000 : Columbia, $156,000 ; Wil- 
liums. $50,000; Cornell, $40,000; Lehigh, 
$40,000, aud Dartmouth, $25,000. 

Princeton's class of '70 was the wealthiest 
ever at the institution. Its members are 
now considering the project of prcsenling 
■ he college with an elegant bronze statue ot 
Dr. McCosh. to be made by H. Gaudene. 
The cost will be about $25,000. 

There are about 600 students at Welleslcy 
College, and they do its housework. Every 
girl is trained to do one kind of work, and 
to do it quickly and well. Forty-five min- 
utes outof thetwenty four hours is allowed. 
Co operation performs wonders. 

In 1880 there were in the United States, 
in round numbers, 10,000.000 voters. 01 
this number, 2,000.000. or one-flfth of the 
whole number, were illiterate. One in 
every group of five could not write bis 
name ; one in every six could not read his 

A. facelious pedagogue said that his l)uvi 
ness was iu tbe collar-and-cuff line. — Tej-aa 

A hog may not be thoroughly posted in 
arithmetic, but when you come to a " square 
root" he is there. 

Father—" Tommy, does your teacher use 
a switch ?" 

Tommy — "* He's a man, papa." 

It is rumored that Chicago has sent a 
petition to Congress asking that hog Latin 
be substituted for the English language in 
this country.- £t/r/*H^f(*/i Free Prett. 

Second Omaha Boy — " Mamma won't let 

"She won't? My mamma lets me go 
most everywhere. Vours is awful strict. 

" Vcs; she used to be principal of a sem- 


"Yes. 1 guess pop didn't think about 
the trouble he was mnkin' for me when he 
married a school leachor." 

Just for Fun. 

Ships arc frequently on speaking terms, 
and Ihev lie to. 

" W^oman feels where man thinks." sayt- 
a writer. Yes, that's why man is bald. 

Tue man wbo has not ale enough had 
better look «t tbe calendar for this year.— 
BofCon Bulletin. 

A Tuckuboc man is just mean enough to 
call his wife Alligator, because she has so 
much jaw.— Yoiikcrg StaUtman. 

Everything is at least a century old in 
Pbiladclpbia. Evyn Iht- principal street of 
the village is called " Chfj-tnut." — Soniei: 
n((e Joui nal. 

A French woman confi-sses to the marry- 
ing of eight husbands. Few women possess 
tliu nowor lo fasteneigbt men. — Binghamp- 
tfin Repiibliran. 

A puet sent to an editor a contribiilion 
cuiithd, "Why do I live?" The editor 
answered: "Because you sent your contri- 
bution by mail instead of bringing il." 

At a table in a New York resiauraul 
some one remarked: "He had no father, 
and he had no mother." 

"Self-made man," said a wit silting 
near by. 

Guest (to landlord)— "I say, landlord, 
have you got such a thing as an encyclope- 
dia about the house ?" 

Landlord — "No, sir, we have not; but 
there is a gentleman from Boston in the 
reading room." — Harper's Bazaar. 

compromise and adjustment. If he could 
not secure what was to his conception abso- 
lutely right and just, he resolutely refused 
to accept holf measures. He would either 
reach the goal or take no step in its direc- 

Supcrior scholarebipaliena'es a man from 
the mass of his fellows, and puis him out of 
sympathy with them. It erects a barrier 
which must he overcome before confidential 
rt-lations can be established, and the young 
men who are aspiring to leadership in the 
coming generation, in their struggle with 
poverty and adversity, ran find consolation 
in the refieclion that the great Icadersof this 
age had neither degrees nor diplomas. 
Ahrubam Lincoln, tbe greatest of all, had 
the humblest origin and the scantiest schol- 
arship. Yet he surpas.<K-d all orators iu elo- 
quence, all diplomat ist.s in wisdonij, all 
in foresight and the most ambi- 
me.—Senatar Joha J. IngalU, of 
the New Ym-k Wm-ld. 

Wife (to husband)— " There were two 
hats that I liked, one for $13 and one 
for $18." 

Husband— "Which did you finally decide 

Wife—" The $18 one. I'm a little super- 
stitious about the number thirteen. 

A hike in the tountryseat of the Emperor 
of Austria, near Vienna, iaused as a skating 
park, and the other day a Viennese went 
skating there with an ink bottle attached to 
the back of his skate, the neck adjusted so 
OS to allow the ink to flow out iu a regular 
stream. With IhaL writing apparatus he 
skelchcd the name of the Crown Princcta 
on the ice in lines that a writing master 
might envy. — Evening Wisconsin. 



Tell all Your Pnends 
About It. 



A Breech Load- ? 

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A Flobert Rifle? I 

A Fine Cold , 

Watch? ? 

A Photographic ■ 

A Standard Col- 
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See the Journal's 
New Premium List. 

Who will get 
the Remington 
Type- Writer? 

\\ c know one teacher who 
wants it. 

A boy who can't own a 

beautiful $1 OO. Bicycle 

now (by workingfor 

the Journal) has'nt 

much snap and 

push about 



All About Volapuk. 

Valopuk is simplicity and exactness to 
Ibe highest degree. It is phonetic, for the 
most ardent lover of hislorical spelling will 
admit that a lauj^iiH^^e without history may 
at least have sensible spelling. Fvery root 
syllable consists where possible of three 
letters — consonant, vowel, consonant — in 
order to give the greatest distinctiveness 
consistent with euphony ; thus Vol is world : 
the lirst part of our name. Volapuk. Now 
for the other root, puk— speak is soon cut 
down to spik, and the s is dropped through 
the operation of therule wehave mentioned, 
and pik is left. This would be the English 
reduction to Volapuk simplicity, but in this 
general tongue ik is the adjective ending 
placed on substantives, and so there is a 
change directly in the line of universality, 
and pik becomes puk — not a pleasant word 
to our English tongue, but all right to a 
Frenchman. The a joining the two roots 
is not merely a pronounced hypneu, so to 
speak, but with a purpose. The three lead- 
ing vowels do duly US cnse endings, geni- 
tiae. dative. Accusative ; thus voJa becomes 
"worlds," or "of world," or "of the 
world." just what mundi would he in 
Latin, and we have the fuli word. Vol a- 
puk, meaning world's speech. 

The plural is always formed by adding s 
to the singular, and so the whole declension 
of vol runs vol, vola, vole. voli. vols, volas, 
voles, volis. We have no articles, and we 
say vola. as the Itoman said mundi. The 
Tomans conquered ynundum without the 
use of articles, and did not care whether it 
was the world or a world, provided they got 
it. We say. " The Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals." Why not siiy 
" the cruelty " and " the animals;" or, bel- 
ter still, why not omit all the articles, as 
we do in a telegram when we wsnt to he 
clear and ters ? Tliink, too. of^hesesame 
articles in the German and French, particu- 
larly tlie former, with all their superabun- 
dance of complication. 

Combination makes many phrases, so you 
already know that Puks Vola means the 
langyage of the world, and vol pukas, the 
world of languages. Puk with the proper 
ending becomesthe corresponding verb, and 
with the pronouns oh, I and ol. thou, we 
have pukoh. I speak, and pukal, thou 
speakest. Om and of are he and she, re- 
spectively, and we have pukom and pukof, 
he speaks and she speaks, and in the plur- 
als there are pukobs. pukols, pukoms and 
pukofs which you can at once translate. 
As the ending is used for person marks, the 
beginning is used for tense signs, pllkob 
means I speak now ; ephkob, I havespoken; 
ipilkol, you had spoken ; opUkoni, he will 
speak, and uptlkof. she will have spoken. 
We can have tense In other words, as Del 
being day, and with O, the abverb ending, 
we have odelo. to-morrow ; adelo. to-day. 
and adelo, yesterday. P stands for the pas- 
sive, and any verb form with this prefixed 
takes the passive form. So Pulogolis stands 
for the full equivalent of " we shall have 
been seen " The numerals follow the same 
system, thus : 

The first nine numerals end in I, precedeil 
by the vowels in regular order. 

bal tel kil fol lul mat vol jol znl 
The tens are formed by adding s. 

bals tela kils fols lula nials vels Jols iiils 

Numbers composed of tens and units 
unite, the two pairs by " e," and balsebal. 
I] : balsetel, twelve ; ; lulsevel, 
57 ; zulsczul, 09. 

Turn, hundred: mil, thousand; halion, 
million ; these arc preceded by one of the 
digits. Ballum. 100; teltum. 200: kilmU. 
3 UOO : folmil folium, 4.400 ; luloiil lultum 
tulseful. .^.Sri.*). 

The numerals are always placed after the 
thing numbered. Mnubal. one man. Muns 
tel. two men. Voras kil. three women. 

It isalang-uago without any possihiliryof 
error of understanding. The meaning is 
built up scientifically, and there is no such 
thing as an idiomalic meaning in a certain 
otherwise nonsensical phrases. There is no 
ambiguity in Volapuk. 

As to the uses of Volapuk ii is almost im- 
possible to enumerate them I see nothin" 

visionary in looking forward to the day 
when there will be a master of Vohipuk in 
every large shop, in every large commercial 
house, in every telegraph office, in every 
newspaper office. Today the correspond- 
ing clerk who can speuk or write three or 
four languages is a valuable man ; the more 
languages the more valuable. In the fu 
urc a corresponding clerk will know 1-ie 
own language and Volapuk. Thus armc d 
he will be able to communicate with every 
nation under the sun where the business 
housesare equally well equipped. Already 
Volapuk is taught in some of the commer- 
cial schools of Germany, and there is a Vol- 
apuk interpreter regularly employed in the 
Parisian shop, the 'Printemps.' The sign 
' Volapukon.' hangson the door. The very 
fact that the vocabulary is small, as com- 
pared with that of a spoken language, is an 
advantage. It may not allow the niceties of 
expression, but that is not necessary in busi- 
ness communications, and I believe Vola- 
puk will at first be the business language 
and nothing more. But it will he all that. 

Scientists will soon see the advantage of 
giving a world-wide circulation to their new 
discoveries. But this takes time. The ter- 
minology of each science will be cnnsiruc- 
ted by adepts in that particular branch. 
Already this has been done for chemistry." 
Diplomacy will undoubtedly in time 
adopt this neutral tongue as the only equit- 
able one for treaties and conventions, 
neither party being at a disadvantage. 

I short, while all the languages of earth 
will remain in local use, without any ag 
gression on the part of Volapuk^ yJt 
broader international purposes which con. 
cern " the parliament of man. the fedenitino 
of the world.' we shall realize Father 
Schleyer's motto ; ' Meaad hal, puk baf 
(one humanity, one language)," 

The Left Hand's Petition. 
The following is stated to be a trausln- 
tion of an article written in French by Ben- 
, II French 

I take the liberty of addressing myself to 
all the friends of youth, and to beseech 
them to have compassion upon my misfor- 
tune and to help me to conquer the preju 
dice of which I am the innocent victim. 

I am one of twin sisters of our family. 
The two eyes in the head do not resemble 
each other more completely than I and my 

My sister and I could perfectly agree to- 
gether if it was not for the partiality of our 
parents, who favor her to my great humilia- 

From my infancy I was taught to look 
U|)on ray sister as if she were of a higher 
rank than I. My parents allowed me to 
grow up without any instruction, while 
they did not spare any cost on the educa- 
tion of my sister, She had professors of 
wriiing, drawing, music and other us(ful 
and ornamental performances, but if I hap- 
pened to touch a pencil, a pen or a needle, 
I was severely reprimanded, and more than 
once I was even beaten for being clumsy. 

It is true that my sister likes my com- 
pany, and does not despise my co-operation 
occasionally, but always claims superiority, 
and only calls upon me when she needs my 

Now. ladies and gentlemen. I do not 
believe that my complaints are dictated by 
vanity ; oh. no, they have a more serious 

My sister and I are charged by our par- 
ents with the work of procuring the oeces- 
i^itlea of life. Now, if some sickness should 
befall my sister and make her unable to 
work (and I tell you in confidence that my 
sister is subject to cramps, rheumatism, 
gout, and many other ailments), what will 
become of my family V Alas ! we shall 
perish in misery ; for I shall not be able 
even to draw n supplication for obtainin" 
elmrity. Even for the present petition \ 
have bein obliged to use a stranger's hand. 

Oh. how my parents will regret having 
established such an unjust distinction be- 
tween two sisters who resemble each other 
so nearly ! 

Will you be so kind, ladies and gentle- 
men, as to make my parents realize how 
unjust it is to be so partial in their treat- 
ment of their children, and how necessary 
ii is for them to bestow their care and affcc 
tion upnn their offspring in equal measure ? 

I am. ladies and gentlemen, with the 
greatest respect, your most humble servant, 
The Left IIakd, 

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Picture, entitled '' The Cow-Boy," size 3 

SEEDS F^IS^'k3'3^ 

Instructions Given in Penmansliip. 

. thorougl 

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lansfaip win be given by mall for 93.' 

just as eood instruotlon. make 

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iso:irefiilly examined and a handsomely written 
|i ttrT i'seot. pointing out his principal faiilts and 
;init:him just how to avoid making them, with 
ii ::iintly written conies for practice. After prac- 
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i.irT^ wliitih lorilicise and at thesametimesend 
In this way be Is carried step by 
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luusand:* of youns 
ho fail to obtain ^ 
of a poor handwriting. 

il he. reaches the top round, 

J obtain good positii 

,_ jr handwriting 

he subject a little atteiitl< 



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than $8.00 worth of jiood and I feel 
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truly. W. W. Stew 
Ph ■ 
a good testimonial froi 

" leted this coursa uov lui 

above are given. If you wish 

■autlful piece of poi 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

-_-od • ■ - 

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' Phifa'delphla. Pa. 

mpieted this coursa but foi 
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and a beautiful p' 
T best style will b 

will send \i sets of copies with 16 
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B well by having the best cfy)ie8 to prac- 
i 12 cards in as many different stylo and 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 

Pltost rMni\m tAU paper. 


The Hand Book of Volapiik. 


Member of tbe Academy of Volapiik — President of ilie luslitute of Acfouots. 

One vol., Irinio, 128 pp. Heavy paper, hound. Price, postage paid. $1. 


This work, in the preparation of wliicb neither labor uor expense hsis been spared, 
comprises ; 

1. An introduction explaioing the Purposes, Origin ixnd History of Vobiphk and of 
the VolapUk movement. 

3. A grammatical exposition of the structure of the language. 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radica's and the formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by sutHxes. 

5. " Spodam ;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. " Lilildam ;" Reading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, VolapUk-Englisb, and English-VolapUk. 

In addition there is a portrait of Schleyer, with extracts from his writings; a stale- 
nient in VolapUk of the changes made by the second annual Congress; and a key to ibe 
for correcting home work. 


The only American pt-riodical devoted in whole or in part to the new iuteruational 
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In it the department entitled " Volaspodel," contains progressive lessons in 
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First l.eBBou, s:). Address, 

._,, H. W. KIBBE, Utioa, N. Y. 

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lequalled. Send for 

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rt I iLuiK ua t*i " send so-and-so (you have forgot 

au't take leas." We can't. We handle nothliig 
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Address, D. T. AMRS. 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


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Ihe Flrit School of Its kind in Ame/ica. 

Laboklt Patronized and Hi 
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■ TtrriUtry and nearly ail British 

The Course of Study and Practice i 


factlnn ?uai 
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»iwt paTE%prqvEMENTr 







la DOW one of Ihe departmrnis or 1.04 Ani^les 
Buslneea College and Bnglish Truliilng Sulinol. 

Hy school by mall is now a pronoimced sucoeas. 
Twentr lessons for 85.00. Send for eiroulnra. 
ihint' a thoromjh drill under our personal 
Instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this clU 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
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without gohiK outildo of tbelr Immediate neigh- 
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tbisla a money-making business. Wrlt« at once, 
as we will close with tbe first reliable parties who 

D. T. AMES. Editob ahd Propbibtor. 

r Pub. Co., St Luuls. Mo. 


' A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. Principal of 
newt Collece. Saoremento. Cal. By 
Address as ahore 






band, price list 
tended Movem 
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writing fluid. Please write oa for olr- 
f> topy for estimate before placing your 
il)«r the beat ia the cheaper In the 

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illonal Contest In 
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Malted to all part« of the world, postage prepaid. 



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id '£> cents, naming color 

fioBTOM, Mass, 


The Spencerian Copybooks, 

lii.linliiitr ll"' larioiis s.-rii's .if lluil wcll-kiiowii system, Mill 
iir^iiiilalii ihcii- ucll-carneil aii<l ,t;(;iic_M-ally rccoi^-nizc.l ]Hisiliuii as 


Tlie svinmetiy, accuracy and beauty of their copies liave beeu 
iniitaled but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
cau be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles the 

Tlie arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
\\ ilh llie highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their niauufacture is peculiar to 
I lie SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
I'xccllence only attainable by years of careful experience and tlie 
use of patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


Hv 1'. R. Si'ENCEn's Sons, constitute a new departure in ])enmaii- 
ship intended to promote a .simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or supersede the 
Si'KN'CEUlAN, but for u^ in schools or among private learners when 
an alibreviated "running hand" is desired. 

f Spencerian Large, ----- 9 G cents. 
Prices : J Spencerian Small, . - - . - 92 cents. 

1 Spencerian New, - . . . . 9 K cents. 

( 'oiTespondcnco solieileil. 


753 <& 755 Broadway, New York., 
112 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

Thb College furnishes, at mode) 
very best business training. The Conrie is an 
embodiment of the latest and most approved 
methods yet aitalaed by the best American Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

It Is progreseive and thoronith In all Its appoint- 
ments and deparlmenU. 

The methods for Illustrating aotoal baslness In 
use In Business Practice Iiepartments. are 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These " Business Practice" Depart- 
ments alone, In this Institution, contain a more 
complete course of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to be among 

The Principal of this Department Is a 


Remember, the Specialty of this School u 

perlenoed bookkeeper as well as a teacher 

manshlp is Teavhers' Traliiliig, as well h 

of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire 


development of Pen Artists i also H 

to his pnpllfl. For more complete Inform 


Board Drill. 

send for " The Cominerolal World." 


Send for "Tlie Commercial World." 







ely 8 

ship, and is, without an ezc«ptlon, the lipst In 

The Principal of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist; and 
as a Teacher of Penmanship, "he han no liv- 
ing equal." and devotes six hours dally In 
teaching. If yon desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend asohool wholly <le- 
voted to this oue thing, and alsnplace your^eK 
under a toacher who gives his time totenchlng. 
This School turns out more flnlshed penmen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments In the United St 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 




Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

1st. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in 

System, Only six books. 
2d- — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loojis, oviils, etc. Tbc 

system to pi-cscnt iibbreviiited forms of capitttls. 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding 

to secnre such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such wordsas " zcu" 

xylus. tenafly, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper thai 

any other series — and the paper is the best ever used for co]>y-book8. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted pape 

very attractive to the ])upil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. 'I'liey are the cheapest honks in America. 


All the Copies 

of the Series 







Vol. XII.— No. 4. 

Lessons In Practical Writing. 

Correct Position. 

In any undertaking two things are neces- 
sary for success: first, a clear and distinct 
coDceplion of what it is purposed to do; sec- 
ond, a perfect understanding aa to how it is 
to be done. In the construclion of any edi- 
fice the beginning is with the designer, who 
perfects the entire plan while even the stone 
may yet lie in the quarry and the timber 
grow in its forest home. By this plan the 
builder is guided in all the minutia of the 
construction. Were builders to proceed at 
once with their work without carefully de- 
vised plnns there could be no certainty or 
harmony of eIT()r(. on the part of those em- 
ployed, " The work of one would not match 
or supplenKiil th;il of tbe entire. All would 
be chance, nnd tbe entire work would soon 
end in inextricable confusion. 

So in teaching or learning to write, good 
results can come only from well directed ef- 
forts to tbe accomplishment of a clearly 
conceived purpose. Even then, if the ideal 
is false or the method for its attainment 
wrong, tbe end must be, to a greater or less 
decree, a failure. 

innumerable have been the schemes de- 
vised for a short cut to a good-handwriting 
and about equally numerous have been the 
ideals for good writing. We wish to say at 
tbe outset that there is no royal way to 
a good hand-writing. Its acquisition is 
through patient, and earnest study and 
practice. Yet we believe that it is within 
the acquirement of all persons having com- 
mon sense and one good band. 

Tlic idea that writing is more specifically 
a gift than any other attainment is an ab- 
surdity. It is true ibat writing is more dif- 
ficult of acquirement than a knowledge of 
some other branches of study, because it is 
a double acquisition. There must be a dis- 
cipline of the mind and taste in order that 
there may be a correct and true conception 
of what constitutes good writing; that is to 
say a good ideal and then a training of mus- 
cles and hand to do well and readily the 
work. Thus there is a double labor as 
compared with the study of geography, or 
arithmetic or other branches, tbe mastery of 
which is entirely a mental operation. 

In tbcse lessons it will be the earnest ef- 
fort of the author not only to present cor- 
rect models for imitation but to set forth 
the best methods for acquiring their mas- 

and gracefully written. To be legible let 
ters must have a clear and distinctive form. 
To be rapid, forms must be easy and simple 
in their construction, and written with a 
rapid combined fore-arm movement. To be 
graceful, there must be an equal mastery of 
form and motion, so that the letters appar- 
ently flow together in perfect harmony of 
size, form, slant, spacing, shade, and all 
that goes to give a pleasing and satisfactory 

Second, How is it to be done ? By care- 
ful study and practice from good models, 
either engraved or written. 

Being now ready to begin our work we 
do what all good workmen should do first : 
consider our materials and implements. 
We select a pen of medium fineness, paper 
having a smooth, hard finish, and ink as 
black as it is possible to get with a free flow. 
We then seat ourselves at a table, with chair 
so adjusted as to give a free rest to forearm 
without causing it to be raised so high e 
throw the elbow out from the body. 

The position at the table should be such 
as to give as complete a rest to the fore-arm 
as possible. We believe that the right side 

to the desk will generally be the best, 
though there are good arguments in favor 
of tbe front and left sides, each of 
which we present. The position at the 
desk, however, is of less importance than 
that the proper relative position of tbe 
arm, pen and paper be maintained; that is 
to say, the lower margin of the paper 
should be at right angles to tbe arm, the 
pen so held as to bring its face squarely to 
the paper, so that each nib shall be under 
the same pressure. If the pen is held to 
one side, so astobringgreaterpressure upon 
one nib than the other, there is necessarily 
a rough, ragged line, while the pen is con- 
stantly impeded in its motion by catching 
in tbe paper. We give illustrations, both 
of the position of the body at tbe table and 
the pen in the hand. 

Having established our position we 


First of all anc 
movement. By this we understand that the 
entire motion by which writing is construct- 
ed is by the movement of the joints of the hand 
and fingers. The next movement in point 
of use, and Jirst in excellence, is the com- 
bined fore-arm and finger movement, which 
is secured by resting the fore-arm just front 
the elbow, and by the simple relaxation and 
contraction of the muscles of tbe forearm. 
This, united with a motion of tbe fingers 
which aidi in the construction of the ex- 
tended letters and some of the more com- 
plex points of writing, is the most free and 
tireless of movements employed in writing. 

Third, the whole arm movement, which 
is obtained by raising the arm entirely from 
the table, resting only the point of the pen 
and the tips of the fingers upon the paper. 
This is tbe most free and sweeping df all 
the movements. This movement when em- 
ployed in writing tends to make,it loose and 
inaccurate because it is the action of a long 
lever, which it is not easy to so discipline 
as to produce writing having proper unifor- 
mity of size and form. It wUl of necessity 
be flourishy, sprawly and unsystematic in 
appearance. The only practical use to be 
made of this movement is in offhand flour- 
ishing, large capitals, superscriptions, etc., 
where it may be used to good advantage. 

Wc would therefore recommend most 
thoroughly the combined fore-arm and fin- 
ger movement for all ordinary writing. Es- 
pecially to persons who anticipate much 
writing, either as clerks or in ■'■ny active 
business pursuit, tbe combined forearm and 
finger movement is well nigh indipcnsable. 

Being seated, as we have advised, right 
front of our desk with a firm, easy position 
of tbe body, we take a pen. holding it as il- 
lustrated in the cut. It will be observed 
that two positions are represented for the 
pen Tbat in which tbe holder crosses the 
forefinger in front of the knuckle-joint is 
the proper position for the finger move- 
ment as being that which gives the most 
free action of all tbe joints and muscles cm- 
ployed That position in which the holder 
falls back of the knuckle is preferable for 
tlie combined movement, as it affords an 
easier grip upon the holder, and since the 
motion of the pen is chiefly derived from 
the muscidar action of the forearm the posi- 
tion is no impediment to celerity of action. 

We are now readj" to begin work upon 


careful practice upon which ci 
estimated in the acquisition of a good band- 
writing. Forms of letters which are slowly 
and laboriously made, although legible, are 
of little practical utility for business pur- 
poses. Facility of motion will be acquired 
much more readily in practising upon tbe 

OOooOO ^.^^^ 

movement shall be effective it must be done 
with care. Thoughtless scribbling givesno 
available discipline. In selecting exercises 
they should be such as bring tbe muscles in 
play in every direction required for writ- 


ing. that 

laterally as well up as down. 
ciscs which we present are speclfi- 
LUgcd upon this plan. 



Racing with the Pen. 

Is there not danger that Young America 
will pet an overdose of speed? So many 
are crying speed, speed, where there is no 

It is rather amusing to read some of ibe 
articles which appear on the subject. Many 
of the youDg teachers nf to-day seem to 
think that they have discovered something 
new, when, in reality, Ihey have simply 
found some old footprints in the saud. 

Aft I read these produclions I am re. 
minded of my boyhood days, when I used 
to take the farm horses out in the hack lotg 
and speed them. How the apple trees did 
fly past us ! We thought we were making 
the fastest time on record, but when, in 
after years, we were permitted to mount a 
real flyer, how tame the former things ap- 

These "Professors " talk as though rapid 
writing had never been thought of until 
they developed it. They talk of the old 
teacher.c. In fact, of all but themselves, as 
slow writers. They do not mention names, 
and so I have been looking around to see 
who they mean. The fact is they have been 
riding their own little donkeys out in the 
back lois so long that they imagine that 
they are making wonderful speed, but if 
they could once draw up alongside of such 
men as J. W. Lusk, J. V. R. Chapman, 
Victor M. Rice, Robert C. Spencer. William 
P. Cooper, Stephen Howland. Alexander 
Cowley, W. H. Hollister, and a host of 
others we might mention, when they had 
time to take breath and wipe the dust out of 
their eyes, as they saw the host far ahead 
of them, they would realize what asses 
they bad been making of themselves. 

To say at this time that rapid writing is 
of recent origin is to say that which ie ut- 
terly false, and lo insinuate that P. R. 
Spencer {" The father of all decent writ, 
ing," as one has so aptly put it,) did not 
teach rapid writing, and did not make rapid 
writers, is to cast a slur upon one of the 
purest and! most unselfish characters 
ever known to the writing fraternity. It 
simpiy .shows that they who say such things 
either did not know the man or they are 
very careless with the truth. 

I believe in rapid writing. I believe in 
rapiti reading. I believe in rapid arithmetic, 
but I believe that speed in anything must 
come by degree^, and notjall at once. 

Accuracy should be cultivated by our 
young people fully as much as speed. When 
the boy goes into a business house of what- 
ever kind, especially where he has the 
handling of money, be will find this to be 
true. It is not the boy who can make change 
the quickest, but the boy who never makes 
a mistake, who keeps the place. The hook- 
keeper who can always swear by his books, 
whose balance-sheet always comes out 
right, pn:l whose statements and bills arc 
never returned for correction, is the one who 
is never found looking for a job, while the 
"lightning calculator" is often seen in 
seedy apparel hunting for a place to stay 

Suppo-ie we take a class of children in 
readingand say to them: Now wc want you 
to read this right off fast, no matter what 
you call the words ; the pronunciation will 
come after a while ; say something, but 
keep going. Never mind if you do say 
" dog," when you should say "cat," it wilj 
be all right by-and-by. Keep your tongue 
going ; the words will come. This 
would be just as sensible as lo say that the 
thing lo aim at Is speed. No matter how 
the letters look ; we will straighten them 
out when we get farther along. 

The easiest thing to cultivate Is careless- 
ness. Weeds will grow without any atten- 

We should begin to develop 
just as soon as the child begins to write.and 
when we develop movement in the right 
way, we increase the speed. This develop- 
ment will be gradual up to the most rapid 
execution, if persisted in. " When a thing 
is once begun, never leave it till it's done." 

As a rule children can be urged to go just 
a little faster than they are inclined to go, 
but they should never be allowed to go fast 
enough lo destroy the forms of the letters. 

I wish to be understood here. I do not be- 
lieve in allowing the children to draw the 
letters, like the engravtr, but aim at accu- 
rate forms, preserving the curves and 
straight lines in their order, height and 
slant. Train the eye and mind, as well as 
the hand — the eye to see, the miod to think, 
and the hand to execute. 

Mr. Spencer was very careful to give his 
pupils accurate conceptions of the forms of 
letters before allowing them to practice 
upon them. He impressed the forms upon 
the mind by his striking illustrations, so 
that the pupil would not and could not for- 
get them, and the fsistest and best business 
penmen I have ever met wefe his pupils. 

Some two years ago I called upon G, W. 
Michael at bis " Pen Art Hall " in Oberlin, 

His school was in session, and I took 
pains to watch the speed of pupils in writ- 
ing. Tbey were making quick motions, but 
their writing was not rapid From Oberlin 

1 went to Cleveland and called upon P. R. 
Spencer, Jr. I found bira giving a writing 
lesson, and, without his knowing what I 
was doing, I took careful note nf the speed 
of his pupils My observation was that 
Spencer's pupils could actually write one- 
third more words in ten minutes than 
Michael's could, with less fuss about it, and 
the quality of their writing was far supe- 

The old adage "The more haste the less 
speed" holds good in writing. 

Pupils passing from the eighth grade to 
the high school should be able to write fif- 
teen words per minute for ten consecutive 
minutes or any number of minu'es. This 
can be reached, but wbun I am told that the 
child in the tirst grade should write with 
the same speed as Ibe child in the eighth 
grade, I am constrained to sny that "the 
fools are not all dead." 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
particular, and liereby commend them to all 
desiring a smooth, easy and la^^ting pen." 


Bryant & Stratton Buainesa College, Provi- 
dence, R. I. 

A Voice From Yale. 

Bapid Writing 1 

c Adjuncts. 

Invitation Cards. 

The special cards sent out for invitations 
to afternoon teas are a trifle larger than a 
lady's visiting card. A shape nearly square 
is generally preferred. The word " tea" is 
omitted this season, and the left-band corner 
of the card is engraved only with the hour 
— " four to seven." or "three to sis" — and 
the date on which the tea is to be given ; 
the address is engraved in the right-hand 
corner. The name of the eldest daughter, 
at home, is sometimes placed on the card 
under her mother's name. Where the 
daughter gives tea, and if the father is a 
widower, in exceptional cases, his name is 
placed on the card above the daughter's, 
where her mother's would be. The form of 
invitation to the " tea "differs little in ap- 
pearance from the * ' Kettledrum " card with 
the word "Kettledrum" omitted. 

Invitations to dancing parties are on note 
paper, and all engraved, with the space left 
blank for the name of person invited to be 
filled in the handwriting of the hostess. 
The words "dancing" or "cotillion" or 
"dancing" with the hour it begins, are 
engraved in the left-hand corner, with the 
date on which the entertainment is to be 
given. The words. " the favor of an early 
answer is requested," or the letters " R. S. 
V. P." are not often used, as persons ac- 
customed to good society usually appreciate 
the necessity of acknowledging an invita- 
tion promptly. Invitations engraved on 
note paper with blanks to be filled in with 
tbe date and name of the guest are kept on 
hand by ladies who give a number of in- 
formal ei 

Meets His UnqualiAed Approval. 

Ames' Best Pen meets with my hearty 
and unqualified approval. In fact I am de- 
lighted, I have long sighed for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please find %\. for which 
please send me a one-gross box. 

James W. IlAnKiKs. 
Teacher of Writing in the Curti^s Com- 
mercial College, MiDoeapolis, Minn. 

Editor of the Journal: 

Sir: — From the shades of old Yale I look 
out upon the great world of mental and 
physical activity, where I shall soon be en- 
gjiged in business. 

Th(»se who enter a great university im- 
bued with ambition and bright hopes soon 
find that in carelessly taking rapid notes of 
hcturcs, tbe handwriting degenerates into a 
scrawl, often illegible and meaningless to 
everyone hut the writer and not infrequent- 
ly to him it becomes a labyrinth of mystery 
un solvable. 

There are some men who prudently culti- 
vate and preserve a good hand-writing 
throughout their college course and, some 
of them, like President Gartield, utilize it 
to earn money to defray the expenses of 
their education. 

A variety of chirographic literature has 
at various times fallen into my hands and 
interested me in some of the lauded meth- 
ods of acquiring a free use of the pen. 

A test of these methods proves some of 
them to he unnatural and hurtful, In one 
test ten gentlemen and ladies endeavored 
to write by musical time. 

Those who kept the time wrote illegibly 
and those who wrote decern ly could not 
keep the time. This experience disclosed 
the fact that elementary lines may be exe- 
cuted by a number of persons fairly well in 
concert, although such performance is un- 
necessary, hut the attempt to throw off let- 
ters, words and sentences, each person to do 
the same number within a given time was 
proved to he practically a failure. 

The method for gaining greater cali- 
graphic freedom found lo be in accordance 
with the aptitude of writers is as follows: — 
Write a word or words, according to your 
habit, at an average sj'eed, noted by a time- 
piece, during a minute; then write again 
with the view of writing better and more 
rapidly, and repeat the effort preserving 
good position ond easy 


proper form is attained. In this way a rate 
of thirty, forty and even fifty words per 
minute can be acquired in practical writ- 
ing, adapted lo use in the lecture room and 
in mercantile houses. 

Experiments in ambidextrous writing 
were made, giving indubitable proof that a 
better use of the right hand is secured iu a 
shorter time if it's practice is supplemented 
by using the left hand occasionally. 

These methods are dearly explained iu 
the letter-press of tbe new Spencerian Com- 
pendium, recently issued in a large single 

An eminently successful instructor in 
New York City, employs music as an aid lo 
good writing in a new, pleasing and advan- 
tageous way. A music box is used and the 
number of minutes tlie tune reverberates 
through the room is occupied by the stud- 
ents in writing, perhaps a sentence having 
ten words. Tbe tune ends iu. say, five 
minutes; then each writer counts and cor- 
rects his words under tbe direction of the 

Some reach seventy words at first, and 
others one hundred and then a higher num- 

In the world of letters and business at no 
time has tbe pen exercised such power as 
now. One of the great systems of writing 
published in New Yt>rk is supplied to tbe 
millions by the daily use of eleven steam 
printing presses and several hand presses. 
The power of the pen more than ever before 
ids many great agencies and gigan- 

2 forces. 

If you should work to secure subscribers 
for The JouRNAL.and should get say, on an 
average of one a day for the year round, 
you could gel a f 100 type writer and a $100 
bicycle for your pains, or a library of nearly 
200 volumes (Alia Edition) handsomely 
bound and all standard works. There are 
many other erlicles you could get in place 
if preferred. 

For one subscriber a day for one month, 
a handsome breach-loading double barrel 
shot gun, or an elegant heavy gold piati- 
liunting case gold watch of standard manu- 
facture, with stop attachment. 

But the list is too long. Look it over and 
do your own figuring. 

Woman's Mental Status. 

Though we were to concede all that is 
claimed for difference in size of brain be- 
tween the sexes, still in the home no one 
discovers any natural inferiority of girls to 
boys. As a rule, the girls in any com- 
munity are quite as intelligent as the boys. 
If we pass from childhood to youth we still 
fail to discover any mental inferiority of 
young women to young men. When the 
two sexes are educated together the female 
performs her task with the same apparent 
ease as the male. Yotmg woman acquire 
languages as readily, comprehend ahelruce 
problems as quickly, and are quite as likely 
to take prizes in mathematics and other 
studies as mule students. In adult age we 
find the same intellectual equality of the 
sexes. And yet here we may find an excuse 
for any deficiency on tbe part of woman, by 
remembering that she has not had the same 
opportunity for mental development that 
man has enjoyed. The greatest i 

eight : 


,vith : 


Hlized people, 
enjoyed equal 
lental culture, 

while among the lowest races there is hut 
little, if any, variation in size of brain be- 
tween the sexes, showing that education 
has much to do in the intellectual develop- 
raen of man. Says Maudsley, who is au- 
thority on this subject: "Among Eu- 
ropeans the average weight of the hraio is 
greater in educated than In uneducated 

Now woman has never had equal op- 
portunities with man for intellectual de- 
velopment Tbeuniversitiesandall thebest 
educational institutions of the world have 
been closed to her, and all the weight of 
custom and prejudice have been brought to 
hear upon her, lo make her repress all intel- 
lectual aspirations as foreign to her sphere 
of activity, which is popularly interpreted 
to mean domesticity. If " quality " of 
brain has no bearing on this question, as 
Professor Romans maintains, why, then, 
should a 87 ounce brain in man involve 
idiocy, and the same result not follow in 
woman with a 37-ounce brain ? If the brain 
of both sexes is the same in all respects, 
why should not idiocy follow in each with 
the same weight of brain ? If the man be- 
comes idiotic with 37 ounces of brain, as we 
are told, and the woman is in no danger of 
idiocy with that weight of brain, it is 
evident enough which has the inferior brain. 
If the 32.ounce female brain can do better 
inlellectual work than the 37-ouEce male 
brain (the point of idiocy) then the argu- 
ment from the relative of brain fails, or 
proves the superiority of the female brain. 
If female brain is sound and clear and cap- 
able of good mental work, it legilimately 
follows that the constituent properties of the 
two brains are in some respects different, or 
that tbe female brain is of superior quality, 
as many scientific writers teach. If both 
had precisely the same "quality "of brain, 
both would become idiotic with the same 
"quantity," viz,, 37 ounces. 

It is because of this higher quality of the 
female brain that little girls have an excess 
of refined moral sense over boys, more 
natural rcfi 

diviner instincts. Of c< 
ceptions to all rules 
speaking, the finer qual 
nature are apparent in 
that the inst 
are of a higbi 

rse there are ex- 
but, generally 
es of the female 
irly girlhood, so 
id preceptions in girls 
■ than in boys. Girls 

are more refined in their manners and hahils 
of life and thou^-ht, and this indicates a 
higher degree of moral and spiritual sensi- 
hilily. Wonls and actions show the quality 
of the soul, for out of the heart the mouth 
speaketh, and tbe speech betrays the 
quality of tbe heart. Woman, as a rule, 
has a better qualily of thought and life 
than man. — Ret. D. P. Litermore, in the 


" A million little diamonds 

Twinkle on the trees, 
And all the little maidens said, 

■ A jewel, if you please ! ' 
But while they held their hands 

To catch the diamonds gay, 
A million little sunbeams came 

And stole them all away." 


Class Drill in Penmanship. 

Editoi of tlu Journal : 

giR : — x& you want opiiiions from prac- 
tical teachers of writing as to tbe best 
methods of class drill. 1 send you this, hav- 
ing had twelve years experience in business 
college aud public school work. On enter- 
ing a school room where I am a stranger I 
first have the pupils write a line or two, that 
I may see them write and see their position, 
movement, and get acquainted with them, 
(any teacher should he able to read his 
pupils, and read them before he undertakes 
to lead them). Then I can tell where lo 
begin. I then explain Ihe position for hold, 
ing the pen, sitting, etc,. Hnd give them a 
Utile short talk (still reading tbcm) to have 
them all in a go^d humor and give them an 
appetite. Then I am ready to write, I start 

I find that my pupils, after leaving me. 
never drop back again to poor position nor 
poor movement, neither do they become 
illegible vrriters. but usually advance. I 
give them the simplest forms for plain, 
rapid, practical writing, and after they have 
acquired some speed, but more form, move- 
ment and position, I give short words, still 
dictating. Then I give sentences, and have 
them keep an eye on position, movement 
and speed, and so on to the end of tbe 
chapter. I do not wonder at so many poor 
writers coming west. They all say that 
when they left college they wrote a beauti- 
ful hand, but their writing now is a regular 
Mark Checkup style, having been taught 
by the minute, instend of being taught to 
control the hand, I did not expect to say 
anything, but it is quite laughable to read 
some of the letters in writing from some 
of the " minute men" in the different pen- 
man's papers. I think 

that I never would wish to seeachild taught 
to read at all. unless the other conditions of 
its education were alike gentle and judi- 
cious. A well-trained gentleman should, of 
course, know the literatnre of his own 
country, and half ft dozen classics thor- 
oughly, glancing at what else he likes ; but 
unless he wishes to travel or to receive 
strangers, there is no need of his troubling 
himself with the languages or literature of 
modern Europe. I know French pretty 
well myself, I never recollect the gender 
of anything, and don't know more than the 
present indicative of any verb ; but with a 
dictionary I can read a novel, and the result 
is my wasting a great deal of time over 
Scribe, Dumas, and Gaboriau, and becom- 
ing a weaker and more foolish person in all 
manner of ways therefor. French scien- 
tific books are, however, out and out, the 
best in tbe world : and, of course, if a man 
is to be scientific he should know both 

with tbe simplest smalt letters, and put in 
on an average half of the time drilling on 
them, with different connecting lines, always 
counting for them, beginning at a medium 
speed, iiud counting one for each stroke. As 
soon as they understand the drill by count- 
ing, I gradually increase the speed teaching 
movement, form and position at tbe same 
lime. What movement ? Well, a combi- 
nation of the forearm and finger. The arm 
rests on the muscular cushion just forward 
of the elbow, and rolls, while" the fingers 
move very little, but they do move, all the 
same. After tbe pupils have fair position 
and movement I count one for every two 
strokes; then in due time increase as before 
In this way they get belter position, im 
prove their form, and acquire more and 
more speed, and do not sacrifice form, aod 

penmanship should go together as well as 
anything else. But we mortals must learn 
by experience. The human animal must be 
trained as bis brother, the brute. A good 
trainer never tries the speed of his animal 
until it knows bow to handle itself. 

G. W. Dix. 
Oardcn City, Kansas, Busiiues College. 

Book Reading. 



Of all the plagues that afflict mortality, 
the venom of a bad book to weak people, 
and the charms of a foolish one to simple 
people, are without question the deadliest ; 
and they are so far from being redeemed by 
the too imperfect work of the best writers. 

French and Italian. The best German 
books should at once be translated into 
French, for the world's sake, by the French 
Academy. Mr. Lowell is altogether right 
in pointing out that nobody with respect for 
his eyesight can read them in tbe original. 

I have no doubt there is a great deal of 
literature in tbe East in which people who 
live in the East, or travel there, may be 
rightly interested. I have rcail three or four 
pages of the translation of the Koran, and 
never want to read any more ; the Ara- 
bian Nights many times over, and much 
wish now I had been better employed. 

As for advice to scholars in general. I do 
not see how any modest scholar could ven- 
tureto advise another. Every man has bis 
own field, and can only, by his own sense, 
discover what is good for him iu it. X will 

venture, however, to 'protest, somewhat 

sharply against reading any book fast. To 

do anything fast — that is lo say, at a greater 

rate than that at which it can be done well 

is a folly ; but of all follies reading fast 

tbe least excusable. You miss the points 

a book by doing so, and misunderstand 

e rest. — John Ruikin. 

The Ne Plus Ultra of Pons. 

So writes J, P. Medsger. professional 
penman. Jacobs Creek, Pa.: 

■' Ames' Best Pens received. I do not 
wonder that your expectation has been 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
possessing a quick action." 

' Write Not At All.' 


^ncllj . 

Buslnes!!! Letters. 

" Wriie not at all is a safe motto,', said a 
well known attorney in conversation with a 
Leader reporter last week, after he had fin- 
ished reading the Campbell-Arbuckle love 
letters. "Just see," he continued. " wbata 
world of trouble and worry the average man 
or woman would save themselves and their 
friend if they would observe more cau- 
tion in what they write and to 
whom. Why. I can recall numerous in- 
stances where the Lfftder has in the past 
been enabled to show up some spicey social 
or political crockednessby the sole meansof 
a signature of some prominent party being 
found attached to a letter or receipt for 

boodle ' paid over, or simply a memoranda 
of certain dubious transactions to which one 
of the conspirators gave authority by care- 
lessly signing bis name. Take for instance, 
the innumerable instances, when silly and 
nauseating love letters are read in open court 
to the unutterable disgust of tbe sedate 
bench. Why even now all New York and 
Pittsburg are laughing over such letters 
which were produced in a trial this week in 
the former city, where an Ohio belle 
and a prominent millionaire merchant 

:cellent rule is 
that would not 
It any time and 
f to your best 
d affectionate, 

are the principle 
never lo write a word or li 
be read as sound good sens 
under any circumstances, 
girl let the letter be frank 
but for goodness sake refrain from address- 
ing or signing pet names or of putting 
stars or letters to represent love, hugs or 
kisses. It is worse than rank rot, and makes 
one wonder how either the writer or the 
fair recipient could have a good, sound, 
healthy stomach after penning or reading 
such trashy missives. Never refuse to 
sign any proper document, but be sure 
that its contents are thoroughly mastered 
and comprehended in every detail before 
attaching your signature. I have heard of 
many families being utterly ruined by the 
husband or father signing carelessly a legal 
instrument whose purport he bad not full 
knowledge. It is a good rule to write 
seldom and never foolishly, and general 
correspondence after being read is safer 
when consigned to a convenient grate Are." 
— Pittsburff Leader. 

The Education of Girls. 

Few subjects are receiving such wide and 
varied discussion, both here and abroad, as 
that of the education of girls. On the one 
hand there is a grave doubt expressed as to 
the efficacy of the present system ; on the 
other it is extolled as perfect and satisfac- 
tory. We find the scboolsabused by some, 
and the home censured by others, as re- 
sponsible for any defect in the character of 
girls' training. Teachers and books are not 
tbe main factors in the education of girls. 
It is the character and disposition of their 
parents and associates which yield the most 
powerful influence. If you live with wolves 
you must learn to howl, and all high stand- 
ards of education are usually futile when the 
atmosphere of tbe girl's home and her as- 
sociations are the reverse of refining and 
intelligent. It requires peculiarly strong 
will on her part, then, to refuse to howl 
wb^n her tribe is wolfish. And it is just 
here where the moral obligations of parents 
must be emphasized lo complement the 
school by associations not necessarily of 
wealth or luxury, but of culture aod reli- 
gious principle. — Jewish Jfetsevger. 


^ipH o| *^l<0M09iOp%. 

Munson Phonography. 

fact about the 
only book connected with the system 
that is in reach now is the "Com- 
plete PhoDOgrapber," the author's text 
book, and that does not embody the recent 
changes in the system adopted by the au- 
thor and approved by practical Munson 

Several attempts have, we believe, been 
made to supply the demand for Munson 
phonographic literature, but for one reason 
or another all efforls in the direction of sup- 
plemental literature in book form have 

As the matter now stands, the only pub- 
lication which ri'presents Munson short- 
hand as Mr. Munson writes it, is the Pek 
man'8 Art Jodrnat,. and the only course 
of instruction ever committed to print 
which embodies all improvements to Mun- 
son phonography (published by authority 
of the author of the system himself) are to 
be found in the past eighteen numbers of 
tbe Journal. These lessons were prepared 
by Mrs. L. H. Packard, a prominent writer 
and teacher of large experience. They start 
at the very a. b, c of short hand writing 
and by easy gradations cover the whole 
ground. Every phase of phonographic 
writing is amply and clearly treated and il- 
lustrated by the cleanest and handsomest 
shorthand script ever printed. Prof. James 
N, Kimball, who beats the world at this 
sort of thing, is responsible for much of 
the beautiful script. 

We have preserved about three hundred 
complete files of the Journal containing 
the short hand lessons— beginning October, 
1880. Tbe set will be mailed, post-paid,' 
with the new handy binder (price 75 cents) 
complete for binding, on receipt of $2 or 
without tbe binder for $1.50. "We of course 
reserve the right to withdraw the offer or 
increase the price. 

This is the one chance now open for 
teachers and writers of Mimson phono- 
graphy to get a complete course of printed 
instruction in that system, with abundant 
exercises in reading and writing. 

First Act of a Family Jar. 

Mrs. Muggs— Muggs, you are a wretch. 

Mr. Muggs — Why. why. My dear 

Mrs. Muggs— Don't "dear" me, villain. 
Didn-t you tell me that a typewriter was a 
machine ? 

Mr. Muggs— And so it Is. 

Mr. Muggs.— Indeed ? Then why did 
Mrs. Wilkins say that your typewriter 
had beautiful blonde hair l—Caligraph. 

The next issue of Tite Jocrkal will he 
particularly strong in its phonographic 
features, If you will send us a list of vour 
phonographic friends, experts, pupils or 
those contemplating the study of short- 
hand, we will be glad to send them a copy 
frte. The promised list of words ^.nd 
phrases which it Is necessary to distingi. sh 
by outline will be deferred uutU that Ji 
her. Don't qiiss i 

A Sermon. 

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A key to this exercise can be procured by send- 
iiiK tttamps for postage to Mrs. L. H. Paokara, 201 

Short Stems. 

— The supply of complete files coDtaioing 
The Journal series of sliortbiind lessons 
is quite limited. We could probably sell 
six times as many. 

—William W. Hulton, Pittsburg, Pa. , has 
the reputation of being one of the most 
successful teachers of shorthand by cor- 
respondence in this country. 

meeting all the requirements of a short- 
hand automaton for business purposes. 
The unique little instnimenl is a much 
more familiar sight in commercial houees 

— Nearly a dozen shorthand schools that 
we know of advertise to turn out sbort- 
handera equipped for any kind of work, in 
three or four months. That is pretty good 
time, but the chap who guarantees profi- 
ciency in ten hours gets the bun. 

— The Remington people have the "boss" 
advertisement in the current Scribnera', 
written by one of the sharpest press- 

— By the way, when are we to see that 
new typewriter which the author of the 
Caligraph gets interviewed about, two or 
three times a month ? 

trot out their spring chestnuts about I)( 
Murphy, and bow he reported the proceed- 
ings of the United States Senate when all 
the grave and reverend seignors were talk- 
ing in a breath. 

—There is said to be a shorthand writer in 
Washington who can report a speech with 
such rapidity that the speaker finds it ut- 
terly impossible to keep up with bim. 

— QaakelVs Magazine has abandoned Gra- 
ham's phonography, and now pins its taith 
to the Eclectric system, with J. George 

— The membership of the more prominent 
shorthand societies of this continent is as 
follows : Canadian Shorthand Society, 50; 
Canadian Shorthand Writers' Association, 
25 ; Manitoba Shorthand Writers' Associa- 
tion, 51; New York SUite Stenographers' 
Association, 60 ; Metropolitan Steuograph- 
rapbers' Association of New York, 200 ; 
Boston Stenographere' Association, 150. 
The Shorthand Society which meets in 
London, England, has 194 members. — Cos- 
mopoiitan 8h&rthandcr. 

— Apropos of shorthand work in journal- 
ism, English newspapers, almost without 
exception, require their reporters to be able 
to do verbatim work. The British idea of 
journalism and the Yankee notion are very 
unlike. The Britisher wants the precise 
words of a speaker, be Ihey dull, dry or 
bright. The American newspaper reader 
prefers the juice of a discourse, and if the 
subject matter is of itself heavy or stupid, 
relies on the chronicler to trim it and en- 
liven it by interjections of his own wit, so 
that it will present some unique phase. But 
in all the dressing and reburuishing the re- 
port should be a faithful representation of 
the sentiments of the speaker. 

Wanted : 

A Shorthand Aintiiiueuiilii-MiiBt be Knpid 
Typewriter 0|)erator~S4 a Week. 

Recently an advertisement appeared in a 
New York paper to the effect that a certain 
dry goods house on Broadway required the 
services of a youth who understood short- 
band and typewriting, for which they 
would pay the munificent sum of $4 per 
week. Mr. S. Powell, a well known mem- 
ber of Plymouth Church, replied to the 
generous offer as follows : 

Gentlemen : In answer to your adver- 
tisement of this date for a youth familiar 
with shorthand and typewriter to assist 
with correspondence, salary $4 per week, I 
would say that I know a youth who, 
besides these qualifications, possesses a 
critical knowledge of six modern languages, 
as well as drawing, painting, architecture, 
telegraphy (land and sub-marine), can play 
a snare drum, teach roller-skating, is a 
promising light-weight scrapper, in religion 
a strict Calvinist, in deportment a Chester- 
field, and is seldom in liquor. 

This lad is anxious to work for your firm 
for $8 per week, for the reason (as he 
asserts) that in case you should fail at any 
time to pay him, he will not lose so much; 
so he will not accept your too liberal offer 
of four cases. 

I have suggested to him that in case be 
should accept this latter aud larger sum, the 
possession of so large a sum of money 
every week might prove a temptation for 
people to rob him, aud perhaps lead him 
into dissipated ways. 

In this he concurs with me. He is per- 
fectly willing to scrub out the store, hustle 
building material around the yard, lick 
postage stamps, aud run on errands, when 
not engaged in shorthand writing, as he 
believes these to form a part of the stenog- 
rapher's duties. 

Should be come, will you please dis- 
charge your janitor aud one teamster, and 
allow him to fill their places in bis leisure 
hours ? . He would like this. 

Meet me at the entrance of Calvary Cem- 
etery at twelve o'clock to-night, and 1 will 
introduce you to this youth, when you can 
tie a rope around his neck and drag him to 
your place of business. — Brooklyn Standard- 

Beats the World on uiiy Klod of Work. 

"For a pen that combines the essential 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing and 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior to 
any I have ever used." A. C. Webb. 

Penman and Artist, ]Sta«hmUe, Tevn. 

Slake A Sturt in Life 

by taking hold of the live biialneas of a live house, 
Yoii do not have to put la cupltui, hut are Btarled 
free. Auy one can do the work. You can live at 
hume If you like. Both eexes, all a^ea. Si per 
hour and upwards easily earned. No special abili- 
ty or tralnlDK needed. Let ue show you at once, 
and then If you don't take hold, why no barm ia 
done. Address Stliison & Co.. Portland, Matue. 

CnD cue An eilubli-hed School of Phono 
run OALl. sraphy and Type-wrlllm; in the 
prM--.peiou§ and Rrowini; fity of Sioux Fulls, Da - 
kola. Munsuii'B system I,h taught and the Iteming- 
l.inmiicblneiised. To an enttrprUlng person this 
Is a rare opening. $350. will purchase the furnlah- 

r selling o 

. _ .8. F. Schc 

jrapby and Type-wrlllng, Sioux Falls. Dakota. ■ 

address, Principal. 8. F. School of Phi 


U/AUTCn 'Oil ,,„,:.- |,, , 1,1, to learn Shorthand 
WANIbU I t.ike you through 

1 .i.i-ihy student guar- 

1 . ! : , _ -iiorthand School In 

per month. Send your n»iiie and betfin tbla 
latlDg study at once. Address W. T. tAKI- 
tE, Instructor Shorthand and Typewriting, 
era Normal College, Sheoaniloata, Iowa. 


that a child can learn it. 

iPrice. $2. e 

ny niail ; Trial lesson and olro'uTar free 



r Part I. ; 

. Sl,T5. Lessons 


Detroit. Micr. 




CYC LOSTYLES, ^^f^X^LSfttr"' 
A L IG RAPHS.Th' bS w r i V in q 



W. w. OSQOODBT. Publiilier, Boeheiter. H. Y. 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mail. The best system and thorough 
Instruction. Send Stamp for pamphlet and speci- 
men of writing. 

8-12 Teacher of Shorthand, t-ittsburg. Pa. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

New York Agency, 23 Union Squasr- 

91 aOOa piete~~outat ~for' Shonhond 
pupila, such aa n ' ■ 

box containing < 
tfit for Shortl-_„ 
penoils, pens, rubber 


805 Broadway, New York. 


TEACHEKS learned shorthand, 

Book and instmotlon 
T it, SO. Book, SI. 
D. L. Scott-Brownk, 
West Uth St., New 


OWELL & HICKCOX'S School of Shorthand. 

"2 School St., Boston, la the leading Aman- 

Training School In New England, and oD« 

-'- -' ns o( its kind where a reaUy 

s education can be obtained. 

of the few lustttui 



SIUNS.'" by George K. Bishop. Stenographer of N. 
V. Stock Exchange; member (and In lb83 Presl- 
dtut) N. Y. State Stenographers' Assoclaiiou, io. 
C<implete Text Book,— adapted to Self-Iustrue- 

cards the Indeflnlte (vowel) part of the common 
phonography, and secures, by a radical innovation, 
Exactness with Brevity. Snecialiy adapted to 
Lfgal and other Technical work. A phonographic 

atin in shorthand, ilfiifti 
nous lauguagi 

i adapta- 
ned.— iiiu-stralTug a!l principles with uopreced- 

Stenoprupher 1pi Star Route and Gulteau 
suys of the work: "Am satisfied that bytl 

write cliorthand with greater certainty and pre- 
cision tlum byanyof Ihenldersystcms " 

. <>u have cettaioiy captured 
< fticial Supreme Court Sten- 

>n»trated the feasibility of 

lo Hit'h Co. 

application of the expedient 

1 Exact Phonography a 

of the 

la something re- 

N, N. Y- dty, 
lographers' K^o- 

rapidly as any of the recoiniized systems, s 
Its structural peculiarities are cimcemed, 

the accuracy of the s 

nomer- • • • It Is a 
ita user becomes exne 
work practically wiun 

Stock Exchange, N 

flexible leather, SS. Clrcidan 


The Editor's Leisure Hour. 

( I I 71ISS 

every person 

"" the ackoowl 

edged authority on lettering, designing and 
engraving. There are Beventy-tvo full page 
plate engravings between its covers, com- 
prising forty standard and ornate alpha- 
bets, over Iwenty elegant commercial de- 
signs, HxU inches, besides engrossed reso- 
lutions, ceriiGcates, memorials, etc. It is 
heautifully bound and is sold at $5 a vol- 

Every other branch of the penmanship is 
nicely and comprehensively eseniplilied in 
the Spencerian Compendium, the various 
parts of which are now bound complele. 
This is beyond quesiionibe crowning work 
of penmanship publications. There is no 
branch of the art that does not come within 
its scope. Thousands of dollars were in- 
vested in its manufacture. It is sold at 
^7.50 bound complete, on receipt of which 
it will be forwarded, carriage paid, from 
this office. 

By special arrangements with the publish- 
ers of the Spencerian Compendium we are 
enabled to offer it and the Ames Compen- 
dium for $10. The two works form a com- 
plete penman's library. No designer, 
engraver, card-writer, or other pen artist 
can afford to be without them. No one can 
be without them and expect to keep up 
with the times in artistic pen wcrk. Send 
to The Journal. 

mmethlug iafolonel. 


He followed tta lessons patolonel 
And practioeti at intervals diolonel. 

Till he could obaervt-. 

In eaob straight line and curve, 
Improvementtbat cauacd joy etolonel. 
Bia spirits began to grow volonel, 
As he thought be could plainly discolonel 

The beauties of writing 

As contracted with fighting, 
So be left tils oaiup subaltolouel. 
Went Into quarters blbolonel. 
And said he'd a mission— to lolonel 

The heads of young men 

In lore with the pen, 
And they vowed liis skill was aupoiouel. 
LakevUU. Mats. 

The Diamond Craze lu Englaud. 

The mania for Kimberleydiamondshares 
has for sometime past been a notable feature 
of Stock Exchange business, and the mar 
ket has dow obtiiined colossal proportions 
owing to enormous dealings on the part of 
a public induced to purchase at constantly 
advancing prices by the representations of 
clever manipulations and interested parties. 
It is, of course, impossible to say how long 
this craze will last, but it is surely time to 
warn the public that tbey are treading on 
drtngerous ground. Since we must all bow 
to the inexorable law of supply and demand 
it may be as well to point out that whereas 
the total production of the four Kimberley 
mines from September, 1882, to Decem- 
ber 31, 1885, amounted to 7,660. 634 carats, 
valued at £8,269,787. the output for the 
single year 1880 was 3,047,400carats. valued 
al £3.261.348, an enormous increase in pro- 
duction, which is still growing apace, as 
may be seen by the average monthly return 
of the De Beers mine for 1886, which was 
66.324 carats ; while the last monthly return 
shows, it is said, an output of 87.000 caruts. 
Since diamonds, far from being a necessity, 
aro an idestructible article of luxury, we 
may reasonably conclude that thisincrcased 
production will eventually tell adversely on 
prices. The interested gentlemen who are 
manipulating the great diamond "deal" 
talk loudly of a forthcoming uuiticatiou of 
the Kimberley mines, and of restricted out- 

put, etc.; conveniently forgetting ihat there 
are many other good mines outside the in- 
fluence of the "ring." especially in the 
Orange Free State, some of which are of 
great value, and produce, we believe, even 
finer diamonds than Kimberley. The rise 
in Kimberly diamond mining shares has 
been far too rapid for safety, and is far 
from possessing that element of stability 
which alone should give confidence to in- 

Germany's Sepulchral Stovea. 

The German houi^es are entirely wanting 
in the comfortable warmth we are accus- 
tomed to in America. Their sepulchral, 
white porcelain stoves, twelve feet or so 
high, dispense almost as little heat as cheer. 
Solemnly erected in the cornersof the rooms 
tbey present an aspect that (when one is in 
a homesick mood) is remarkably dispirit- 
ing, and often they produce the same effect 
on one's spirits as would the near neighbor- 
hood of the monuments and gravestones 
they so strongly resembled. But the bed 
furnishing is as oppressively warm as the 
heat of ilie white, ghostly stoves is insuffi- 
cient. The great eider down quilts thai 
always form the outside coverings, nre as 
thick and heavy as feather beds. Beside the 
sweltering heat that these produce, there 
cannot but be the suggestion that very like- 
ly tbey may already have done duty for sev- 
eral generations, But those who have 
always lived in a country of vulgar pro- 
gress probably do not appreciate the condi- 
tions of living in a land where aristocratic 
conservatism prevails. It is not at all like- 
ly that houses in Germany will be warmed 
by steam pipes or furnaces, or anything 
buf their colossal white stoves, for several 
hundred years yet. 

Bible Plants. 

It must not be supposed that the flora of 
the Holy Land is meagre. On the Contrary, 
it is strikingly rich and diversified. There 
are twice as many species of plants native 
to Palestine as there are in the very much 
wider area of the British Isles, But it is 
only on account of their economic utility, 
or because of their suitability for moral and 
spiritual illustrations, that they are men- 
tioned by the inspired writers, The geo- 
graphical conditions of Palestine are so va- 
ried, and its climate is so favorable to veg- 
etable growth, that no botanist will feel as- 
tonished at the richness of its flora. Of 
Oriental types there are the splendid acacias 
and their brightly colored parasite, the lo- 
rautbus ; the denizens of the mountain in- 
clude the oak, the maple, the magnificent 
cedar, and the pretty oxyria ; among the 
trees are the carob. the terebinth, the olive 
and pistachio, the bay, the myrtle and the 
oleader; crowds of orchids and anemones, 
lilies and pinks, cyclamens and echiums. 
and many other showy flowers occur in 
such profusion as to lead Canon Tristram to 
compare the scene with the Garden of Eden, 
while everywhere are seen most of the 
blossoms that ornament the English way- 
side and hedgerow — the buttercup and 
daisy, Ibe campion and corn poppy, the 
dog-rose and bryony, the willow-herb and 
germander speedwell, the herbrobert and 
stichwort, the wild mint and selfheal, the 
groundsel and dandelion, and others famil- 

One great reason why the civilization in 
modern times is so much superior to the 
civilizations of other times is because it is 
induslrial. The Anglo-Saxon is a working 
animal. He takes to agriculture and the 
mechanical arts as naturally astheoIdPhce- 
nicians took to a trade. His wants increase 
as his manufacturf s increase, and what he 
needs are not articles of luxury, but conven- 
ience and necessity. He prospers and in- 
creases through the manual arts. The old 
Roman civilization was not of a creative 
kind. Military power is always destructive. 
The vast wealth accumulated at Rome was 
not created, but collected and appropriated. 
The Turks are like the old Romans. Tliey 
are a fij;htiDg people, not industrial and cre- 
ative. Here is the secret of the weakness 
of the Turkish power, and the proof that 
it is destined to be short lived. The element 
of our strength is our industrial work. The 
ten thousand things we now make only in- 

crease Ibe number of things we shnll want 
during the coming years. Wealth gotten by 
labor is well gotten. The greatest benefit 
that can happen to a country is to increiuie 
the number of its household and personal 
wants. Every boy and every girl in all our 
land should be educated to make things, lo 
labor with his hands. Manual training, in- 
dustrial work, is the salvation of our coun- 

style in Uterary Composition. 

If a writer does not bring a new thought, 
he must at least bring a new quality — he 
must give a fresh new flavor to the old 
thoughts. Style or quality will keep a 
man's work alive, whose thought is essen- 
tially commonplace, as in the case with Ad- 
dison; and Arnold justly observes of the poet 
Gray that his gift of style doubles his force, 
and " raises him to a rank beyond what his 
natural richness and power seem to war- 
rant." There is the great repository of 
language upon which all men draw, the 
common inheritance of all scholars and cul- 
tivated men. To use this well is nr,t 
enough ; one must make it his own. Un- 
less one can succeed in imparting to it his 
own quality, the stamp of bis own person- 
ality, be will not be counted among the 
masters of style. There is the correct con- 
ventional, respectable and scholarly use of 
language of the mass of writers, and there 
is the fresh, stimulating, quickening U'-e of 
it of the man of genius. IIow apt and 
racy and telling is often the language of un- 
lettered persons ; the born writer carries 
this same gift into a higher sphere. 

The great mass of the writing and ser- 
monizing of any age is mechanical ; it is 
the result of machinery of culture and of 
books and the schools, put into successful 
operation. But now and then a mau ap- 
pears whose writing is vital ; his page may 
be homely, but it is alive; it is full of per- 
sonal magnetism. The writer does not 
merely give us what he thinks or knows ; 
he gives us himself. There is nothing 
secondary or artificial between himself and 
his reader. It is books of this kind that 
mankind do not willingly let die. Some 
miuds are like an open fire; how direct and 
instant our communication with them; how 
they inteiest us; there are no curtains or 
disguises; we see and feel the vital play of 
their thought; we are face to face with 
their spirits. Indeed, all good literature, 
whether poelry or prose, is the open fire; 
there is directness, reality, charm, we get 
something at first-hand that warms and 
stimulates. There is the real fire in Dr, 
Johnson's conversation as given by Boswell. 
but rarely in his essays. In conversation 
the real man spoke; in the essays, the for- 
mal writer, like a judge in bis wig and 
gown. The huge mechanical or architec- 
tual style is often valuable for its results, as 
in Gibbon. Ruskin derides Gibbon's style; 
but what would be the value of " The De- 
cline and Fall "written in the wayward, 
personal and capricious style of Ruskin ? — 
three parts Ruskin to one of Rome. Gib- 
bon's work is like the solid piece of 
masonry, every block cut four-square and 
to fit its place, and no crevice or imperfect 
joint anywhere. 

After Ten Centuries. 

A perpetual lease is limited to a term of 
nine hundred and ninety-nine years by 
English law, which by a legal fiction is 
taken to mean that loug before the expir- 
ation of that period, the purpose for which 
the property was leased, will have been 
accomplished and forgotten, and that all 
parties engaged in the transaction will have 
passed from the memory of posterity, 
making the lease a virtual sale. One case 
has recently came under our notice, how- 
ever, in which the lease has held in force 
throughout the entire term of years, a mil- 
lennium less one, and now the land reverts 
to its original owner. In 888 A. D. a lease 
was given by the Church of England, such 
as it then was. on cerlain lands which, ac- 
cording to the terms of the document, were 
to be held by the crown for a thousand 
years less one. In this year, therefore, the 
lease expires, and the land reverts lo the 
English Church. This case of the expir- 
ation of a lease made so long ago brings for- 
cibly to our minds the thought that the far 
past is not io very ancient after all. We 

regard the days of the good King Alfred, 
in whose reign these lanils were leased, as a 
period well nigh fabulous; yet here is a 
legal document executed then which in this 
year of grace comes up, and by the pro- 
visions of that stable code called English 
law, is formally vacated after so long a time. 
What better commentary cotild one wish on 
the law-abiding, substantial qualities of our 
Anglo-Saxon race ? 

The Centre of Population. 

For one hundred years the point which 
represents the centre of the republic has 
been steadily moving due eastward along 
the thirty-ninth parallel of north latitude. 
Its average rate of progress has been about 
five miles per hour. In 1800 ils location 
was eighteen miles west of Baltimore ; in 
1810 it had crossed the Potomac ; in 1820 
it was well on the western side of the 
Shenandoah Valley ; in 1830 it had reached 
the highest ridge of the Appalachians ; in 
1850 it had passed the mountain-barriers 
and was following Ibe course of the Little 
Kanawha through Virginia ; within the 
next ten years it had, by a rapid march of 
more than eighty miles, reached a point 
over halfway across the State of Ohio ; in 
1870 it was within fifty miles of Cincinnati ; 
in 1880 it had entered the valley of the 
Miami ; in 1890 it will probably be found 
well within the boundaries of Indiana. 

That soouer or later the central point 
which represents the westward " course of 
empire" in ihe United States will cease to 
advance, or otherwise will reach a turning 
place, is absolutely certain. Should its 
progress continue for another century as 
during the past hundred years, it would at 
the end of that time be more than half-way 
across the State of Missouri. But this is 
not likely to be the case. Each succeeding 
census for several coming decades will 
doubtless show a slacking up in the rate of 
advaucemenl westward, aud finally the 
direct forward movement must cease. 
Bearing in mind the narrow vision and the 
mistaken forecasts of our early legislators, 
it seems hazardous to conjecture with regard 
to future possibilities. Yet there is good 
reason to believe that not for many years 
will the nucleus of the country's population 
pass b?yond or even reach the Mississippi 
River.— From ■ "The Centre of the Republic," 
by James Baidwin, in Scribner'a Maga- 
zine for April. 

(iuardlni; Great Wealth. 

The Bank of England doors are now so 
finely balauced that a clerk, by pressing 
a knob under his desk, can close tbe outer 
doors instantly, and they cannot he opened 
again except by special process. This is 
done to prevent the during and ingenious 
unemployedof Ihe metropolis from robbing 
the bank. Thebulliondeparlmeutof tbisand 
other banks are nightly submerged several 
feet in water by the action of the machinery. 
In some banks the bullion department is 
connected with the manager's sleepingroom 
and an entrance cannot be affected without 
shootmg a bolt iu the dormitory, which in 
turn sets in motion an alarm. If a visitor 
during the day should happen to knock off 
one from a pile of half soverigns the whole 
pile would disappear, a pool of water tak- 
ing its place. 

Pliny relates thut a tomb at Cyprus bore 
a lion carved with eyes of emeralds so bright 
they frightened awoy the flsh in the sea. 
Nero wore an eyeglass of emerald which 
was supposed good for the sight, and it is 
said that lapidaries who cut emeralds have 
good eyesight because the hue of the stone 
refreshes the eyes. The Orientals believe 
thut wearing an emerald imparts courage 
and averts disaster. It was ground down 
and taken as a medicine in doses of six 
grains as a cure for various disorders. At 
the oouquest of Peru the Spaniards cap- 
tured hundred weights of emeralds, undone 
dedicated to the goddess Emeralda was the 
size of an ostrich egg. Cortez gave his bride 
a large emerald carved like a rose, which 
roused the queen's envy and lost him the 
court favor.— Susan Porter, iu March Wide 

, Publiu Schools «r llrldBpoPt, Co 

nes' Best Pen— I like it and use it. 
Warren H. Laus( 

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<-<^iiimt2 1^ liymnte^iti af ^IjAoIa.y 


PENMAN'S Art Journal 



-Mr. D. T. AmeJt, 

" Editor and Proprietor, 

" Penman's Art Journal, City. 
" Dear Sir:— We have concluded to con- 
tinue our advertisement with you for the 
year 1888, occupying the same space as last 
year, namely one-half outside page. 

" We are glad to say that in our opinion 
we have obtained more answer s from our 



lal than from 
hich our adver- 

Tht Journals Qtnerai Agent for Canada ii A. J. 
SmaU. iDhote head<juarteri art 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. Elliott Frater, Secretary " Cirehde 
la SaUe," Qvtbec. {P. 0. Box 164). U ipeeial agent for 
that dty and vicinity. The Int^malUmat Newi Go. 
11 Bouverie Sf.rt4t {Fleet Street), London, are it 
fWrlgn agenii. 

tiseraeut appeared, 

" The JotJRN 
all its patrons if their success 

" Trusting that the new yea 
you great success, we are 

" Yours truly, 
" A. S. BAitN 
New York. Feb. 14, 1888. 

commend itself t 
ccess has been s 

Lessons in Pbactical Wkitino. No. 1 49 

D. T. Ames. 

Kaclng with the Pen 60 

W. T. Lyon. 

iDvitatton Cards . . 50 

A Voiue from Yale... 50 

Woman's Mental Status .60 

Nature's Diamonds. Verges .5 

Class Drill In Peumanship.. .5 

Q. W. DLr. 

Book Reading _ 6 

Write Not At All [['_[ 6 

The Education of Qlrlfl _ b 

Dep.^rtmbnt opPhokookaphv 52-; 

Muiiaon'8 PboDoerapby; Half !?UUit; 
Wanted : Ad Amenuensis 

Tub Editor's Leisure Hodr & 

A Tale of Pen and Sword— Verses ; The 
Diamond Craze in England; Germany's 
Sepuoliral Stoves: Bible Plants; Manual 
Training ; Style in Literary Coniposltion; 
After Ten Centuries; The Center of 
Population; Guarding Great Wealth; 

Begin with the Public Schools ; Form and 
Movement, et«. 
Edtjcationai. Notes ; Just for Fun ... 67 

Writing In Law '.'..'.'..'.'.'. r-T 

Itutruotlon In Pen-Work— No. 7 68 

ff. W. Kibbe. 


The Editor's Calendar 68 

Magazines; Bits Literary. 


General Adtbrtisbments ..(XM 

osmeiial mtsobllant. 


Portrait of D. T. Amea 4!) 

Writing Exercises and PosilionCuta m 

Model Letter gj 

Phonographio Script ^62-3 

PuU Page Diplomas \\'\ 55 

The Journal's AtrroaaAPH Alruv 57 

Speolmens by Miss Anna Nintin and W J 
"luslrat'ons 'or Lesson in Flourlshlng-H. W. 

Full Page Diplomas .!!!.!!.! y, 

luitlal Letters ..>^ 


Will be Worth u Year's Subscription 
Trt Any Munson Phonographer. 

Ill Any Shorthand Teacher. 

I W Any Young Person, who 
nplates the Study of Short- 

Begin With the Public Schools, 
ider The Journal the best ptiper 
'"" '"" ' " ' ' sayiug 

2 papers of 

of its class in the country and that 
considerable ; there are other fin 
the same class. You could add 
portance if you could induce more school 
and follow its 


take i 




Send 10 Cents lor Extra Copy. 

t writing on a better basis 
start must be made in the public schools 
on a correct theory. Too much effort is 
expended on the surface — too near the top. 
Dig down lower and show how to aid the 
rising generation, 

" Yours henrtlyand sincerely. 

"Lyman D. Smith, 
•■ Superintendent of Writing in the Public 
Schools of Hartford, Conn., and Author 
of Appleton's New Copy Books." 
What Mr. Smith requests is precisely 
what The Jouhnal has been aiming at 
during the eleven years of its existence. It 
has been measurably successful — not so 
successful as it would like to be and ought 
to be — hut there are thousands of names of 
progressive teachers outside the purely 
commercial schools on its subscription 
books to-day. 

This issue of The Journal, for instance, 
will go to fully ten thousand public and 
private school teachers in every State and 
Territory and Canada (can any of our 
" purely educational " contemporaries beat 
it ?) and to not less than two thousand 
school superintendents. This is entirely 
apart from the wide circulation among the 
patrons of every reputable commercial 
school and to every professional penman or 
teacher of penmanship of note in this 
country, and its phonographic. legal and 
miscellaneous subscribers and exchanges. 
That is rather a good showing, but it isn't 
good enough. 

The fact remains, as Mr. Smith says, that 
the hope of the country, so far as improved 
writers are concerned , lies with the common 
schools. As pointed out by The Journal 
last month, a liberal estimate of the number 
of pupils under the instruction of writing 
teachers entitled to be designated as "pro- 
fessionals " is between thirty and forty 
thousand, while half as many millions are 
receiving alleged instruction in penmanship 
at the bands of teachers, who, (whatever 
their capabilities in other departments) are 
Dot professional writing teachers, and make 
no pretensions to being such. Theie 

teachers fall back on the use of copybooks, 
and if they are discriminating enough to 
select the right kind of books, their own 
lack of writicg skill may not be transmitted 
to the pupil. 

Under existing educational conditions 
copybooks are quite as indispensable to the 
average school as are blackboards, gram- 
mars, or any text book. But copybooks 
cannot do it all. There must be some 
breathing, thinking force behind them— that 
is, to secure the best results. The pupil 
may be bright enough to work out the prob- 
lem in his own way, and become proficient. 
But he is just as likely to follow his own 
uneducated impulses, and throw away the 
meat—the plain, practical part— for the 
chaff of curlicue and tracery— the worst 
possible habit he could acquire, unless it be 
the other danger of learning, to draw letters 
rather than to write them. 

If the unskilled writing teacher— who is 
expected to turn out good businesswriters — 
were to devote the brief period of one hour 
a month to the study of the methods of those 
who have made the teaching of writing a 
specially for years, what a marked improve- 
ment we might expect in the general re- 
sults 1 A teacher, for instance, who had 
even casually read The Journal for the 
past few years could have made himself fa- 
miliar with the class meihodsof nearly all the 
leading professional writing teachers of this 
country, for they have described the process 
minutely in these columns. They have told 
how they organize classes, how they han- 
dle beginners, and described the various 
progressive stages — the drills and move- 
ments, what to do, what to do it with, and 
what not to do. So simple is the story, so 
systematic the plan and so well outlined, 
that an intelligent teacher with little man- 
ual dexterity so far as penmanship is con- 
cerned would have no serious difficulty in 
applying the instruction to his own classes, 
with most gratifying results. 

Perhaps the strongest presentation of the 
point would be a reference to the writing 
h'sson on the first page of this issue. It is 
the first of a series of lessons from the pen 
of the editor himself, which will cover the 
whole ground of practical writing. The 
lessons will read like the author would talk 
to a writing class under his charge. Noth- 
ing will be omitted in the print that would 
be deemed essential in personal instruction. 
And the illustrations will photograph every 
degree of progress, every point to be mas- 
tered, every exercise to be practised. If the 
"non-professional" writing teacher, who, 
nevertheless, must teach writing, were to 
follow a series of lessons of this sort, is it 
not reasonable to think that llie result would 
be apparent in the quality of his Instruction 
—in the quality of his pupil's work. 

'■To set writing on a better basis," says 
Mr. Smiih, " the start must be made in the 
public schools and on a correct theory." 

Thesentiment meets with The Journal's 
unqualified approval, but it is incomplete 
in one essential particular: 

The public school teachers must do the 
starting themselves. 

These copies are photo-engraved direct 
from pen and ink originals, so that they re- 
present the skill of the writer, and in no 
sense that of the engraver, and are practi- 
cally pen-written copies. They are printed 
on paper of excellent quality. The package 
complete in ornamental envelope is mailed 
for 50 cents making it the cheapest as well 
as most comprehensive work of the kind in 
print. The copy slips will be sent as prem- 
ium for a single new subscriber. 

Ames' New Copy Slips. 

This is the tiile of our latest work for the 
student and the teacher of penmanship. 
The work consists of thirty-three movable 
slijjs and a sheet of instructions. The great- 
est care has been exercised in grading slips, 
beginning with the simplest movement ex- 
ercises and taking the student by easy and 
naiural stages to ihe finished forms of prac- 
tical writing. The copy slips embody 
many of the best features of the guide and 
our lither publications, arranged in more 
convenient form for practice, as well as for 
teaching, with most explicit directions for 
study and practice. Much of the work is 
printed for the first time, and all of it is 
new as to grouping, method, etc. 

The copy slips contain everything that 
is necessary to make a good practical pen- 
man of any person of ordinary intelligence. 

Twenty slips are devoted to Standard 
Business Writing, with forms of Business 
Letters, Notes, Bills, etc.. Social Notes of 
Invitation. Ladies' Hand. etc. There are, 
besides, examples of Shaded, Professional 
and Engrossing Hands, and Alphabets of 
Old English and German Texts, Engrossing. 
Roman, Italic and Gothic, also marking Al- 
phabet, with examples of same. 

Bekjamin Franklin Brady died in this 
city on March 31, aged fifty-four years. Mr. 
Brady for many years was the ornamental 
engrosser of the Common Council of this 
city. He possessed an unusual talent for 
artistic pen work, and for many years stood 
without an equal in the metropolis. Many 
prizes were awarded to his j-cnmanship by 
the leading art exhibitions of New York. 
He was a member of several societies, and 
had a large circle of warm friends. The 
style of Mr. Brady's work was original and 
unique; strong in its effects and artistic in 
its cast. Probably no one has contributed 
more to the advancement of the engrosser's 
art during the past twenty-five years than 

We are gratified to be able to announce 
that Mr. George E. Little, the eminent 
sketch artisl,who some time ago contributed 
so much to the pleasure of The Journal 
readers by his felicitous creations, will again 
be represented in these columns. He prom- 
ises us some sketches in outline drawing 
for the next number. 

After all, the main thing in teaching 
writing is to make writers, workmen, if you 
please, — who can go into an office and write 
letters that the customers of Ihe establish- 
ment can read without trouble, — neat, clear 
and clean letters, without terminal buper- 
fluities or double ringed capitals. "What is 
generally known as "artistic" penmanship 
is all right in its way and has a niche of its 
own. But business penmanship is the most 
artistic in ihe business man's eyes when it is 
the plainest and easiest read. 

There is more do-n n right nonsense print- 
ed on the subject ot " 'movement" and "Jorm" 
than of anything else connected with the 
teaching ot writing. The idea of one over- 
shadowing the other is absurd in itself. If the 
writer's hand were trained to the speed of 

ble ; if he could by laborious effort out- 
draw the best engraved copy and was u 
stranger to ease of motion, he would have 
difficulty in getting a place even to mark 
tally on a board with a piece of chalk. 
What he wants is the happy combinaiion. 
What he must learn, to meet Ihe require- 
ments of business, is to make good char- 
acters and to make them as quickly as pos- 
sible and with the least possible 

Teach "movement," and form will take 
,reof itself; teach "8petd,"if everything 
he thrown overboard, and you 
kind of writing your 
;cuddiugaround on paper 



self! Whatstuff 

like a ship before 

a rudder or compass — anything, ji 

we go fast enough— just so we g 

where — and we generally do get to 

To write well with speed and ease is a 
most desirable accomplishment. And the 
mure speed a teacher can drill into his pupil 
without impairing the legibility of his writ- 
ing, the belter equipped will he be for prac- 
tical work. The Journal yields to no one 
in its estimation of the paramount import- 
ance of ease and speed in writing. But it 
does, in the nume of practical, business pen- 
manship, protest against the ridiculous 
notion that form — legibility can be throw n 
overboard for " movement" or "speed "or 
anything else. 



GUIDE IB a book of sixty-four large 
elegantly printed on the finest quality 
of fine plate-paper, and is devoted exdytire- 
ly to instruction and copies for Plain Writ- 
ing, Off-Haud Flourishing and Lettering. 
Thirty-two pages are devoted to insimclion 
and copies for plain writing. Pourtcen 
pages to the principles and examples for 
flourishing. Sixteen pages to alphabets, 
package-marking, and monograms. Price, 
by mail, in paper covers, 6U cents ; hand- 
somely bound in stiff covers, 75 t enis. Live 
agents wanted in every town in Americo, to 
whom liberal discounts will be given. 

The Guide in paper will be given as 
premium for one new subscriber for The 
Journal. The Guide in heavy covers for 
two new subscriptions. 

Educational Notes, 

New Jersey has 38,000 children, between 
7 and 12 years of age, who do not alteud 

Out of 1.326 professors in ihe universities 
of Germany. 38 are Jews; and out of 529 
Privatdocenten 84 are Jews. 

The university of Pennsylvania intends 
to send an exploring expidition to ancient 
Babylon under the direction of Dr. John P. 

Five native girls from Alaska have been 
taken to Massachusetts to be educated. It 
is the intention to return ibem to Alaska as 
teachers, if they do not marry certain sus- 
ceptible masculine Bostoniaus. 

Michigan university has received from 
the Legislature of the State $155,000 in tho 
past two years. Of the 1506 students, Presi- 
dent Angell tiods that ibe parents of 502 
were farmers, 171 merchants, 93 lawyers, 83 
physicians, 52 manufacturers. 54 meachau- 
ics, and 61 clergymen. 

A German has taken out a patent for 
using bone slate pencils fnr writing. They 
do not wear quick, and do not require to be 
sharpened. It is also to be supposed that 
young ladies will not acquire any morbid 
appetite for them, as is commonly supposed 
some of them do for slate pencils. 

The Industrial Education Association of 
this city, has 760 students, 17 instructors, 
and 44 courses. There are special classes in 
domestic economy, sewing, industrial art, 
mechanical drawing, and wood-working. 
Two public lectures are given each week. 

The strike of the switchmen docs not al 
feet the schoolboy as it used to in old times 
— Boston Bulletin. 

School children should remember that if 
they are " on study bent " too much they 
■will become stoop-shouldered.— Pfrtsiwr^A 

There is a young lady in a girls' school in 
Georgia who goes by the nickname of "Post- 
script."' Her real name is Adeline Moore.— 
Burlington Free Press. 

Teacher: Correct the sentence "The li- 
quor which the man bought was drank." — 
Smart boy : " The man who bought the li- 
quor was drunk." 

"Are yougoiug to have your son slay on 
the farm, or will he follow one of the pro- 
fessions, Mr. Ha; man?" "1 reckon he'll 
f oiler a profession." " Does that seem to be 
his natural bent?" "Waal, you'd think so 
if you'd seen him foller the deestrict school- 
School teacher, illustrating the difference 
between plants and animals) — Plants are ijot 

isceptible of attachment t 

s animals 

Small boy (at foot of class) — How about 
burrs, teachevt—BurlingUm Free PrcM. 

Teacher (of geography class) — Tommy, in 
going from Kew York to San Francisco, 
through what States and Territories would 
you pass? 

Tommy (who isn't very well prepared)— 
Not any; I'd go by steamer. — Epoch. 

"What are you stud'in' in school now 
Johnny?" inquired Mrs. McGudley of her 

" We just got a lesson in Physics to-day." 

"Dearl Dear! Aint that nice. 'Specially 

for you, Johnny, cause I alius tboughtyour 

taste kind of run to medicine."— J 


Just for Fun. 

Wbiskey lowers a man. and ra 

ses tbe 

Forgiving beings; Laundry worn 
more cuffs you give them, llje mor 

en ; tbe 

One swallow does not make a Summer, 
but one bullfrog makes a spring. — Lynn 

A general manager— The General's wife. 

Good Spring medicine— bent x>\as.— Dana 
mile Brteze. 

The millenium is coming, but it's in no 
great rush. Perhaps a messenger hoy is 
bringing it. — IHeb^raska State Journal. 

Anthony Comstock — Is this heaven? St. 
Peter- Yes. Comstock— Well, I have a 
warrant against your master for allowing 
people to be bo.n naked.— if/c. 

A scientSflc article asks, "Will the com- 
ing man use both arms?" That depends on 
whether the coming man's "mash" is a slim 
kinrl of girl, or one of the stout variety. —6Y. 
Louis Magazine. 

John L. Sullivan may not know much 
about preaching, but he is certainly an ex- 

Carelessness with matches caused 626 
fires in New York last year and about 1,076 
divorces, — Burlington Fret Press. 

Please give me a dime ; I am 


Citizen — What makes you keep 
while you are so poor? 

Beggar- So as to have a pair of panti 


Writing in Law. 

The law recognizes all forms of writing 
and all language. When the law directs 
certain kinds of contracts to be put in writ- 
ing, those contracts may be written out 
with type (i. e. printed), or with a type-writ- 
ing machine, or by hand, or in any com- 
bination of thera, and may be written in 
sbort-haud or long hand, in aoy ancient or 
modern language, or in any artificial lan- 
guage. The writing material may be ink, 
pencil, chalk, or anything which will make 
a mark, which it shall be possible to pre- 
serve, and tbe substance written on may he 
parchment, paper, wood or anything which 
will take or hold the marks. If the contract 
is an important one, the law would be sus- 
picious of a contract wriiten on slate with 
pencil; but if it was proved to be actually 
inteuded to be kept and used as the contract 
it would be held binding, if the writing 
could be preserved, as with care it could be. 
Signatures may be in any form or language 
which the parlies may adopt, but should be 
made in handwriting of party in all import- 
ant contracts. A person miiy sign his name 
with a X, and have some other person 
write his name on the other side, thus : 

John X Smith ; 

whether he i 

asperating to everybody, but tbe law is for 
the unfortunate, the inartistic and the lazy, 
as well at those who are able to and can 
learu to write, and it therefore deals merci- 
fully with their writing. — JamesH. MeDon- 
aid in the Business Warld. 

Packard's Commencement. 

The Metropolitan Opera House was 
crowded on the evening of March 15 by 
tbe friends of Packard's Business College, 
who came to witness the thirtieth annivers- 
ary exercises of that well known institution 
Diplomas were presented to forty six gradu- 
ates of the commercial department and 
eighty of the stenographic, sixty of the 
latter being young ladies. Mr. Packard 
read an interesting piiper on education, 
which was followed by short speeches by 
Mayor Hewitt. ex-Judge Noah Davis and 
Rev. Dr. Charles F. Deems. Music was 
furnished by Cappa's Seventh Regiment 

1001 Questions & Answers 

in Arithmetic, Grammar. Geography, 
United States History. Theory and Prac- 
tice and Physiology and Hygiene and tbe 
most practical and comprehensive aid to 
teachers of which we have any knowledge. 
Bound in cloth and sent from the Journal 
office on receipt of the price, fifty cents per 


will be bound liy it. I'Vw who can write 
allow any one hut themselves to write their 
signatures to documents; and then, when 
they do their own signing, they know what 
documents are made in their name. Law- 
yers and courts like fine writing ; but the 
law out of lender consideration for the law- 
yers perhaps, does not insist upon tbe writ- 
ing being even fair, it only exacts that it be 
good enough I hat some body can be found 
who can decipher it. 

A story is told of a Detroit lawyer, now 
out of practice, who drew a deed of a piece 
of land and wrote the description so thai 
neither the surveyor who was hired by the 
buyer to mark it out, nor the Register of 
D eds. could read it, and when it was taken 
back to the lawyer he could not himself 
read it, and had to examine his books to 
find out what piece of land he had conveyed 
to this man. Such writing, or rather no 
writing, is loo poor even for the law to 
found its decision upon. Bad writing is ex- 

Some of tbe heavenly bodies are inclined 
to be fast. Meteorites sometimes attain a 
velocity of 180.000 feet per second. When 
passing through tbe air at this rate the fric- 
tion is so great that tbe air is heated up to 
a temperature of 10.800 degrees fahren- 

The attention (if teachers is directed lo 
the variety of school diplomhs shown in this 
issue. Tbe samples tell their own story as 
to beauty of design and finish Teachers 
in Ihe State of Wisconsin will find a special 
diploma on pape 55. in which they may find 
something to admire. 


r of tbe oomedlclti 

a delighted : 


Mr:'. Ki'lley liavc bperTeneaKed 
play at the Cooper fnion. Wedneaday evenlrir, 
April 25th. and at the Grand Opera House, N. Y., 
Slay SOtb. 

py. w1d8 the hearts of all g 
rrlugeable daughters. Ur. 

New Premium List in Brief. 

The old premiums offered in connection 
with subscriptions for Toe Journal are 
no longer in force. Hereafter premiums 
will only be sent to those who get new sub- 
scriptions. The person who sends the list 
must himself be a subscriber, and the names 
be sends must be new, as we allow no pre- 
miums for renewals. A full list of the new 
premiums, with minute explanations, is 
printed in the February number of The 
Journal, which every club worker should 
cart-fully preserve. Here are some of the 
articles offered ; 


For a single new name your choice of the fol- 

Amet' Guide (paper), Ames' Copy Slips, or one of 
of these superb pen designs: Flourishrd Eagle, 
Flourished Slag, Centennial Picture of Progrett, 
Grant Memorial, OarHeld Memorial, Family Record, 
Mart-iage Certificate, Lord's Prayer. 

Ames' Ouide, in doth, for two aew names. 

Anus' Ntw Oompendivm of Practical and Artittie 
Penmanship, by express, for ten new names. 

AUa Edition standard and popular works (See 
February number for list of 150 titles) for two new 

Bickens' Complete works, fourteen volumes, 
btautifully bound, by express, for fifteen new 

History oj tlie United States, cloth and gold, for 


In paper for c 

additional either 

•ial letter Writer, 

Debate, Brudder Jones'" Book of 



Recttalioni and 

of the following : IHcky Conwi 

Slump Speeches. 

The Family Cyctopediaqf Ut^ul KnouledOi 
For one new name, book ot Recital 
Readings, comprfalng nearly 400 standard seleo- 

w name. Complete Book of Horn* 

M'usicai Box, by B-, ___ 

For six new names, Horseman's Photographic 
Outfit, Complete, by express. 

For twenty new names. House Patent Scroll Saw, 
by express. 

Fur seven new names. Home Patent Lathe, by 

For four new names and ten cents extra. Cross 
Stylograpklc Pen, pocket size, by registered mall. 


No. 1. Open face, without second hand, nickel 

silver, milled centre, with engine turned back or 

The same heavy gold plaltd for sixteen new 

No. a. Same as No. I. with second hand, sweep 

Heavy gold \, 

twenty-five n 

AUwaiobe . . 
class time pieces of standard manufacture, n 

Elegant Hu/iling Case, extra heavy gold 
ween stcoiid movement and stop attaob- 
exceileuce— for 

uobes by express. A~o Waterbury's. First- 

Belgian Breech- Loading Houii/e-Barrelkd Shot 
'Jun. Lefaucheux action, blue sieel barrels, 10. W 
»r 16 caliber, for twenty new names, Inoiudlng 

Side-Snap Action Doiihle-Bairclkd Breech- Loader^ 
with loading set. for thirty new names. 

Flotim-t Rifie, Reniingfon Aclion. oiled stock, case 
.ardtned, pistol grip, checkered, i^cahber, for 

These goods are by far the best on the market 
nr ilif> nrinn Thnv are made by one of the largest 
' firms In the world, and will 

!■ of Toe JotJBNA 

Only < 

e of each; first to make up the Club 

new names and $10 cash additional, 

Columbia Bicycle, reuowued the world 

]ew names, and $5 additional, Reming- 

d Typewriter. 

„ . ^amesandSlUa"" ' "" 

Writing Machini 

1 SlU addiiioual, Caligraph 

In making large ciubs 

get them, 
our agent's book. In 
premium there may I 


e desired 

disposal, and tli 

en the requtsi 
mine you to ihet' ' 
m isu u d e r;jtan d lit g 

suppose that you have 

iDture the Standard Col- 

elub of 140 

. rest of the 

implete your ciub; J>ut of 
a work at It immediately. 
ily have one of ihese Ijicycle^at o 

$10uat-h. You 

;it. . . 

oluimiDg it uiidi 
one to get it. Yuu go about 
I and obtain, say, ten subscrlp- 
Send us on these names wlih 
remliidltig us to place them to 

them, and when jlie agBregat« reaches 

f $10, 
meantime s< 

suppose instead of raising the 1-10 subscriptions 

will euilile yuu to receive any premium ofleredfor 
ieventy-five subscriptions; or seventy five pre- 
miums offered for one subscription; or three pre- 
mlumn offered for twenty-live aubseriptlous, and 

The only condition that we make Is that you 
nust claim your premium some lime wlihin the 

It will be readily seen that by ihis plan there 

club to lose anything. I'nder no tircumstaucea 


Express charges must ibe met In all instances 
by llie purtJea receiving he go.^ds. Where goods 
are sent by mall an extra tremiitiiuce of ten oenis 
will secure their registraelon. For uur eg Inter ed 
gooda lost 1q the mails we will not be reeponvlble. 


Instruction in Pen-Wori<. 

The outlioe drawiog given sliowstbe best 
position for holding the pen in tlourisbing. 
The end of the middle finger rests on tlie 
under side of Ibe bolder, as oeur tbe pen as 
possible, and the end of the thumb on top 
about one half inch above. Tbe joint in 
tbutnb marked ° should be bent so that the 
end comes against the holder. Tbe first 
joint Id the little finger is used for a sliding 
test and sometimes when more space is 
wanted between the rest and the pen, the 
part of the hand marked |. The little 
finger rest may be on a line from tbe pen to 
the elbow or to the right of such n line, ac- 
cordingly, as the fingers (third and fourth) 
arc folded under the band. 

The first finger should be separated from 
the second so as to show a space between as 
shown in drawing. 

Place tbe front edge of the chair to a line 
plumb (guess at it) from the edge of tbe 
table, which should be flat. Keep both feet 
fiat on tbe floor. Rest the left elbow on the 
table from four to six inches from the edge 
and bring the hand directly in front of the 
body for holding the paper. Suspeud tbe 
right elbow over tbe edge of the table and 
bend it so that the right band will be just a 
liitlc to tbe right of tbe center of the body 
in front and from seven to ten inches from 
the edge ot the table. 

These directions, if carefully followed, 
will give an easy and correct position at 
the table, and should seldom be changed 
when the sheet to be worked on is of such a 
size as to be adjustable to it. 

A line drawn from the edge of the table 
to the right at an angle of 45° will ap- 
proximate the direction in which all shaded 
lines should be made, the paper being con- 
stantly moved about with the left hand. 

We give in ibie lesson a few exercises, 
called principles, for the learner to practice 
on. Practice them in the order given until 
tbe third line is reached, after that the 
order is not important. 

The object in working first on principles 
or exercises is to acquire skill in making 
forms, true curves, strong and smooth 
shades and in placing them just where they 
are needed to produce a good effect In the 
ovals in second line notice that tbe shade is 
heaviest opposite the widest part. 

Tbe student should not aim so much at 
making one very good exercise after many 
attempts as to making tbem all passably 
good on a single sheet, thereby gaining the 
confidence in his ability to excute, which 
will be of great value in making birds, etc. 
But at first take one exercise and work at it 
alone until it is mastered. 

Your success in executing the copies iu 
next lesson will depend largely on the at- 
tention and practice you give to this one. 

From the Julnt Author of a "Series of 

LuHSoiis in Plain Writing." 

'* I have given Ames" Best Pen a 

thorough trial and take pleasure in rccom 

mending it as first eluss in every respect." 


Minneapolu, Minn. 


— The Pin Art JIn-ald, Cleveland, an- 
nounces a weekly edition. We have not 
had the pleasure of seeing the paper in that 
form. It is a very unique experiment and 
we wish it all the success in the world. 

— We have received tbe proceedings of 
the ninth annual meeting of the B. E. A., 
held in Milwaukee, from July 19-^2 last. 
The proceedings are from tbe verbatim notes 
of Charles H. Welch, a Milwaukee stenog- 
rapher, and reject great credit upon bis 
accuracy, speed and general skill. 

— Thomas Conyngton, proprietor of the 
business colleges of that name at Galveston 
and Houston. Texas, writes us tliat in a re- 
cent number of The Jocrnai. wo fell into 
some errors as to location of other business 
colleges in that State. His schools, we arein- 
formed, arc the only institutions of com- 
mercial training in tbe cities of Galveston 
and Uoustou. and we are also glad to learn 
that they are enjoying unusual prosperity. 

— .\. P. Armstrong appenrs a« pubfisber 
and editor of ihe Thr Bu»iMw Educator, 
which emanates from the Portland. Oregon, 
Business College. The first two numbirs are 
very good. Some veiy clever work is ei- 
ibitc-d from that very clever penman. .1. A. 

— So writes J F- Fish, the penman, Cleve- 
land, Ohio : -To say that I was deligtiied 
with the Ames' Compendium, would be 
only a Ht;ht expression. It is by far the 
finest work of Ilie kind I have ever seen." 

i> would become a 


UuBt oiitlclseliise 

—Santa Claw, JVo 

-Mr. Kibbe will answer any questions 
li regard to his lessons through The 
RNAL, The lessons have elicited the 
mest praise from all quarters, and Ibey 
e richly deserved it. 

— We have a large amount of accumulated 
correspondence on hand. It would be hard- 
ly exceeding tbe iruth to say that in some 
months enough communications cometo tbe 
office to last us for a year. Those whose 
articlts have beiu accepted and defernd will 
have to bear with us. 

—Inquiries are frequently made of us as 
to how ink may be made glossy. Any writ- 
ing ink may be so made by adding to it a 
small quantiiy of gum arable or white 
sugar. Care must be taken not to use too 
much of either lest the ink be too thick to 
flow readily, and if sugar be used it will be 
sticky when dry. David's jet black ink. or 
Maynard& Noyes' treated in this way make 
very good inks, as will any good black ink. 

ihf Rev. T. T. MutiRer on " Tbe Works of Ellstm 
Miilfiird." Mr, James dues aot speak of "Under- 
woods" in his essay, it having appeared since the 
paper was written: but there 1b a poello criticism 
of 11 in "Bric-a-Brac," by Miss Tliomas. Dp 
Eagleston'e story of "The Graysons" baa some 
very exoltlng chapters; and James Lane Allen's 
story. HluBtrsted by Semble, is a pethetio accouut 
of "Two Kentucky Gentlemen of the Old School." 

—The April number <)r The Coftnopotitan strongly 
sustains the standing of thai bright younit maga- 
zine for the timeliness of Its subjects and the urlsp- 
nesa of its varied contents. The leading article is 
a delicate description, by the poetrcrltio George 
Edgar Montgomery, of Shakespeare's "Midsum- 
mer Night's Dreaiu," as produced at Daly'H 
Theatre, coplouBly illuetmted by portraits in char- 
acter, and many of the exquisite scenes (printed in 
■;oior), which have made this play a conspicuous 
event In the dramatic season jutit cloBine in New 
York. Other timely articles are Monouie D.Con- 
way's "Reminiscences of Kaiser Willielm " (with 
illustrations) drawn from his frequent contact 
with Ibe Emperor during the Franco German war, 
when he was Murat Halstead's comrade as special 
war-oonespondent ; and Lucy C. Lillie's article 
upon Louisa May Olcolt. Among tbe prom- 
inent contributors to this number will be 
found also Max O'Kell John fiurrougbs, Ella 
Wheeler Wilcox, May Riley Smith, J. Breck Perk- 
Ins, and E, P. Roe with his Southern serial story 
"Miss Lou." making altogether an exceedingly 
attractive number. 

-Tht Magazint Of American Blttory for April 
surpasses even itself iu the rarity and beauty of Ita 
illustrations. The exquisite Robertson mlnature- 
portraits of President and Martha Washington 
form the frontispiece, which, painted nearly one 
hundred years ago from life have never been seen 
by the public until now Another priceless art 
treasure, appearing for the first tfme this month in 
this superb periodical, is a copy of the onlycabi- 
net-nized bust-portrait of Washington, painted 
from life by Charles Wilson Peale. Then, as we 
turn tbe beautiful pages, we find two examples of 
Malbone's miniature portraits, perfect gems of 
early painting, dating back to 1799; also rare por- 

writer regards Darwinism a* an accept«>d doc- 
trine, and disou'ses its relation to religion with a 
clearness and a just appreciation of the tenable 
ground of both tbe clergy and tbe men of science 
which are too rarely displayed Iu treating this 

— noHian, the suggestive lille of tbe idlest pre- 
tentious essay In the periodical line. Is bright and 
good enough to number the sterner sex among its 
readers. Among the aitractions of the March 
number are "Where ourSeolskla Secques Come 
Fri.m," by Frederick Schwatkn, "Polygmny Un- 
Ttiled." by Kate Field, " Through a Womanless 
LAud," by Thomas Stevens, the bicyclist. The 
magazine Is published by the Woman Publishing 
Co., New York City. 

— Hfd« Awake for April greets ui with eighty 
pages overflowing wllb beautiful pictures, de- 
lightful stories and poems. Mrs. Sherwood's 
eerlal, " Those Cousins of Mabel's," eaforcesthe 
usages of good society by the experience of the 
heroines. The frontispiece, " Easter Lilies," Is a 
charming illustration; a lovely girl, her arms Ulled 
wllh the lilies. Lieut. Fremont's breezy Indian 
siory for boys, a paper on "Old Ballads of London 
Biidge " (the London bridge famous in the nur- 
sery Jingle.) an article on Landseer, the famous 
animal painter, beautltully illustrated, are all 
thoroughly entertaining, though written with a 
serious purpose. A tale of two children and a 
Hon, thrilllngly Illnstrated by Sandham, gives the 
exciting element this month. 

—Scribntr^t Magazlnt tor April oontalns a num- 
ber of notable illustrated articles. Dr. Henry M. 
Field, whose books of travel have gained him so 
many friends, has written a pleasing account of 
a visit to Glbralta. For delloaoy, beauty and 
grace, the illustrations In "The Greek Vase " are 
cenainly among tbe most attractive which have 
appf ared in this magazine. The concluding paper 
on " Tbe Campaign of Waterloo," by Jolm C. 
Ropes, Is of Intense Interest, The poets of the 
number are Thomas Wentworth Bigglnson, Edith 
M. Thomas, Ellen Burroughs, George Parsons La- 
throp, Henrietta Christian Wright and Graham R. 

by a. W. Klbbe. and Presented in Ulastratlon of I 

I Lesson Accompanylu 

for the past four months, are tbe work of 
Ihe Moss Bngraving Company, of this city. 
They are made by their new process direct 
from the pholoproph. Tbe finish, effect 
and general execution show for themselves. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excellent. I have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

W. J. Kinsley, 
Slienandoah, la. 

The Editor's Calendar. 

—The April number of Tlu Century closes tbe 
thirty-fifth half yearly volume. The first article is 
by Edward L. Wilson, the well-known photog- 
rapher and is descriptive of the natural and 
other features of Palestine fri>m "Dan to Ueer- 
sbeba." Tbe article has a great number of Illus- 
trations, mainly from photographs, and will be of 
special Interest to the teachers aLd students of the 
International Sunday-Stbool Lessons. Theodore 
Roosevelt, In this number describes, with the aid 
of Mr. Remington's well-informed pencil, that 
decidedly American tostitutlon, " The Rouud-up." 
AsMr. Riosevelt and Mr. Remington have both 
participated In scenes such as are here depicted, 
the paper Is unusoally vivid both in letter-presi 
and Illustrations. Two articles ol especial literary 
Interest are Henry Jame.s' paper on Robert Louis 
Stevenson, with a sketch of Stevenson's very in- 
dividual face by Alexander, and a brief eMay by 

of Robertson himself, of Peale, and of 
Mrs. Lambs charming paper, entitled 
"Unpublished Washington Portraits." Includes 
much fresh and Informlog data, with imerestlng 
personal sketches of some of the early artists. 
■' The Acquisition of Florida " U a very ably writ- 
ten article by our Minister to Spain. Hon. J. L. M. 
Curry, LL.D-. who has had exceptional opportun- 
ities for studyamong the records. 

—The April 81. Nicholas has a seasonable frontis- 
piece by Feon, two toddlers, under an umbrella, 
on " An April Day." This Introduces the opeutng 
article, "What Makes It Rain?" by George P. 
Merrill. There is also a charming "Rhyme for a 
Rainy Day." by Julia M. Col ton, artistically framed 
by Eatberine Pyle. Louisa M. Alcott. In "Trudel's 
Siege, "relates the efforts of a bravo Dutch woman 
to tide her parents over a time of trial, and shows 
how she succeeded through "patience, courage 
and trust In God." There are excellent iUustra- 
tratioDS by Edwards. 

— The American ifagoftne for March has on ad- 
mirable frontispiece in " Judith and Hoiofernes, ' 
from a painting by Vemet. Lovers of Indian 
antiquities will find much to Interest them in an 
article by Charles Bills, describing and Illustrating 
the natural features of Mackinac Island, in I.^ke 
Huron. There are short stories by Tobe Hodge 
and others ; poems by Henry Abbey. Henry W. 
Austin and Laura F. Hinsdale. Julian Hawtbome 
continues bis essays on literature, and Jennie June 
tells about tbe uses of libraries. 

Tbe first of three remarkable articles on "Dar- 
winism and the Christain Faith," reprinted from 
TTie Guardian, -wlW appear in The Popular Science 
Montfdy for May. Tbe articles are anonymous, 
but are understood to be written by an Oxford 
tutor, and their appearance in the leading church 
Jouraal of England stamps their orthodoxy. The 


—Miss Braddon Is writing " The Fated Three " 
for a syndicate of newspapers. 

—An authograpbic manusorlpt of Bums' Poemi 
was sold recently at Sothebys for $1,075. 

— Cassell's Saturday Jmmai Is giving away "Mr. 
Barnes of New York " as an extra supplement. 

—It is rather on the merits of " Little Lord Faun- 
tleroy" that " Sara Crewe " has sailed into the 
second edition of 10,000 copies. 

—A lady who knew Dickens before he was 
known and celebrated as the author of Pickwick," 
is to give her reminiscences to TetnpU Bar 

—It is told that W. H. Bishop's story, " The Thir- 
ty Pieces of Silver," was written for a local com- 
petition for S.W, Instituted by a Milwaukee pa- 

— Cardinal Manning. It Is said, Is preparing a 
magazine article on Darwin's Life and Letters 
which will dwell chiefiy on Darwin's personal ohar- 

— Miss Wortnsley, whose translations of BelzHO 
have had unu'ual success, baa continued In "Mo- 
desto Mignon " and will follow with " Peau de- 

— D. L, Paine, in the April Book Buyer, gives a 
genial and sympathetic sketch of James Whitcomb 
Riley, whose portrait, that of a smooth-faced poet 
with eye-glasses. Is In the front of the book. 

—" Shakespeare in Fact and Criticism" is the 
name ot Mr. Appleton Morgan s new book pub. 
llshed by Wm. Evarts Benjamin. It is made up of 
ten essajrs, tbe tost dealing with tbe Donnelly ci- 
pher, and In connection with prior ciphers and the 
Fumlval verse tests. 

:^^,i|jr|^2feW^i; Ji}at 


D.TAMes-2q? BwavNcw 


^^^^^s■f^frK -^Ky^^ Q^r^7/^)i^rra^ f^^ 



Tell all \'our Friends 
About It. 



A Breech Load- 
ing Gun? 

A Flobert Rifle? 

A Fine Cold 

A Photographic 

A Standard Col- 
umbia Bicycle? 

See the Journal's 
New Premium List. 

Who will get 
the Remington 

We know one teacher who 
wants it 

A boy who can't own a 

beautiful $1 OO. Bicycle 

now (by workingfor 

the Journal) hasn't 

much snap and 

push about 


HASHE? ti 

■■ I am doubtful whether u pen can be 
raude for fine, artistic writing superior to 
Aiues' Beat Pen. If you bad Darned ii 
" Th'^ Bcht " no one would Irnve doubted 
ibe title." G. Bixler. 

American Pen Art Halt, Wootter. Ohio. 

Ill mall gratit to the reader of Tub Joon- 
isly souvenir of Pen Art. by a oelebratecl 
i. This offer Is cooil for 30 days, 

R. B. Tkocslot Sl Co., Valparaiso, Ind. 

■'Ames' Best Pen beats nil I huve ever 
bad before." P. B. S. Peters. 

Profensorof Ptnmamhip, St. Joseph, Mo. 




Awarded the only Qold Uedal. 

The HammoDd Typewriter Co., 

75 and 77 Nassau St., N. Y. 


LADIES, THIS IS Fon \ Ol t ' "»» 

Peerless! Luinrionsi; 


1-4 Gross Box, 35 Cents. 
Gross Box. SI. 00. 



<i Toaclier in a Business ColleKs; on© who has 

diisoiplinarlan. in reply slate wh* 
ployed, age. years of ..xperience at. 
sired. Address MATHEMATICS. 




handsomely illustrated Monthly giving lessons 

on Writing, Letter Writing, Bto. 
Only 60 Cents per annum, with premium. 

. ^. ^. !■ i.r,ii£ING, 

Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada. 

Standard Typewriter. 


juperiority of our mftcbines. 

them unbroken at any time within 30 days C. O. D. full price paid if not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
llustrated pamphlet and sample book of papers on 

327 Broadway, New York. 


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Commercial Law 

jes and Commercial Ucparlments. A new edition la now-'readV^leltvery " '^"*^' "" '" ^''*""'"** 
Sample Copies will be «,nl to teaoben, on receipt of wholesale price, so Cenu. 
Addreu orders and correspondence, 

> e. V. CAKHARI, 4J3 CUutou A..„„e, Alb.n,. N. 



...-w I ..I .J.-., iun. ijljlitiiie Holder and Peng by 
Lei«j tor $:;.,'>ii gaj.OOoan easily be made fri>m 
lot. New Price List free. Any kind of card 
le at lowest price. Send a nample of 

Ialdwin's indeublTinI 


1 heal or preparation needed. The easiest i 

jnn not spread or Blot. 





flowing, ]el-l)laok writing 

jorrode the p 


^orid. Wl 

violet, scarlet and red powder: 
t hare It, sends 

If ] 

r docs not have Ij.^send ascenM. naming color 
I from ihrpe pi 

! and Inks for blank-book manuf 
""'""'" ')YE * or 

a eueciiy. "WALPOLK DYe"' 
WORKS. Importers and manufactu 
description of Dyes and Chemicals, 

a aumple which will 
s gallon of Ink. Un- 
fountaln pens. 

rg of ever- 


ship. He Is 

__ ning ana is rea ' ' ' 

Mr. Thresh owes his success 1 
Hixler's Physical Training In Penmanship. 

Mailed to all parts of the world, postage prepaid, 
*J-tr Address, Q. BIXLEH. Wooster. O. 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education 


The First School of its kind in America. 

TfTtiUtry and ntarly ait BHlUh American Prwinees. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 


Distance no objection. Low rates and satis- 
faction ^laranited. Send two letter stamps for 
82-page Anaonuceui«nt and Testlmonlala. 





Worth all others to^fiUvir."— Review. 



nfa^IiL'i? ™'4' '"f !*'■'':''■ Correapondence solicited, 
ueacrlpilve clrcularH free. 

81 BfofTat DoildlDg. (4-i2) Detroit, Mich. 






penmanship department, thoroufjh 
od teachers, good everything. Circulars 


Buffalo. N.T. 

j0^^^^ ^liivchad 6l«Hdy audprofiUble 


j/fi' 3 tended a college wLere 6S 




Iowa Commerciat College. 

Type Writers bought, sold and exchanged < 
reasonable lerms. Address 

Penmanship Department 
Northern Illinois Normal School 


O. N. 

> Enoraybo Spsciuexs Freb. 
Mention Penman's Art Journa 


Whdie j) 

'rltten Car< 
Scrap Bo( 
Ingr and ^ 

Wrltte _ _ 

A Scrap Book Specint' 

Ingr and Wrltlnt; , 

A Graded Series of Copies In f 

\r&oj I doubt If It can be excelled."— ff. 


2 SetB Caps. 3 Specimens of Flourishing, 25 Move 
ment Exercises, Autograph deMgned, 1 Written 
letter and 1 lesson In writing, all for 30 cents frevh 
from the pen and worth Sl.50. send at once to J. M. 
Wade, Penman. Emlenton, Pa. 4-1 

Charles Rollinson, 

for the past 13 years with D. T. Ames, 






Pretident I. B. COULBGE, Altoona, Pa. 

Will be Mailed on Becelpt of 

A Specimen Letter to you pentanally 
A Sheet of Combinations 

A Price List of My Work 2 rf 

A I^easonin Flourhhing 50 J 

Allof the Above jj jo 

i-13 Address. C. P, ZANEK, Cuhimbus, Ohio." 


AUTOMATIC PEN for 15o.; Sets. $1.25; VZ 
INK PO\VDEns and Direotlons, any color, B for 

AUTOMATIC PENS, N08. to 5. S5o. each. 5 for 
$1. Nos. 6 and 8, 3Sc, each. 

Two Pbns, 3 Alphabets. 5 Inks and InbtbuctioN" 
for$l. Stamps taken for amounts less than $1. 

If not Batlsfaotory, return work, and money will 
be refunded. 

Specimens 10c. Circulars free. 6-19 


Size aax28, in India ink, for T7o. Flourished Bird 
or set of Caps for 15o. Pantographs for enlarging 
and reducing designs on/^ 50o. Lessons by mail a 
success. Send for circulara giving full Informa- 
tion of my speclslties not advertised bere. Small 
flourish and catalogue for Qc. Address, 

Penman HItner's follptre, 


Send me your name written in full, and 25 cents 
and 1 will send you one dozen or more ways o^ 
writing it, with instructions ; or send me a 2 cent 
st^mp, and I will send vou addressed in my own 
hand, price list deacriptlve of Lessons by Mail, Ex- 
tended Movements. Tracing Exerolses. Capitals 
Cards, Flourishing, etc. Address. 

A. E, PAR.SONS. Wilton Junction, Iowa 

P. S.-No postal cards need apply. ,3-12 

I in .Superior Style on 
ic. Addres: 


Speolmtn flourishing 10c., 

F FISH. Cleveland, Ohio, 

Written Cards! 

ONE PACK (50) 




For 7 Cents per line the undersigned will fur- 
nish you a beautiful piece of poetry. Elegantly 
irfi((en, on either of the followlug subjects: Lorn, 
Friendfhiv. Confidence or Esteem. wilJi an Acrostie 
on vour Ifame. You will be delighted with the 
work. A complete monogram of the twenty-six 
Capital Letters will be sent as n premium with 
each order. Stamps received. Address, 

for our daughter. Eda 

, iry, and we take pleaau 

Ing of your work In the highest terms. Your w 

feolly satisfactory, and we tfikc pleasure \ 

cnanshlp and poetry, i 

Normal School, Dixon. Ill, 





is now one of the departments of Los Angeles 
Business College and English Training School, 

My school by mail is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for S5.00. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorough drill under our personal 
instruotion will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 

cts- D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 

By OUR.HEW W^^t Pi\QeE55*, 



Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship, 



All of StaQdard and Superior Qaality, 




JOSEPH gills™ 



LAPILINUM (Stone-Cloth). 

xlble Blackboard fo 

Sunday Schools etc 

tiglitly. likea map. without njury Une i 
ed marking surface, Superior era^jible qua!" 


36 in. wide, I marking surface per 1 ntar } d 
Put up in rolls of la yds, ea, S jld in 




that if yon have a good handwriting you will have 
no trouble In getting a position. Then why not 
learn to write. Tou can do it at odd hours and it 

obtainable In the country. 


will receive 12 beautifully written letters orltlclsing 
your wrlllng and a great variety of written copies 
fresh from the pen with eaoh lesson. 



better than any investment you ever made. Over 
MX) pupils have commenced this course since Jan- 
uary 1, 1688. Book-keepers, bankers, clerks, me- 
chiinlcs, farmers, merchants, etc., find this the 
cheapest, the surest, and the best way to get an 
easy rapid style of writing. The proof of the pud 

Mr, B, W. Pulling, Wausau, Wis., now writes a 
hand that is excelled by few profe^lonals. Here 
Is the way he wrote before he began this course of 


change. Equitable Grain and Pn 

In the Public Schools of 

Washington, D.C. {exclusively). Paterson, N. .1, 
New York City. Flushing. N. T. 

San Francisco, Cal. Ml. Vernon. N. Y. 

Newark, N, J. Poughkeepsle. N. Y 

Montclalr, N. J. 
IJloomfleld. N. J. 
•'ersey City, N. J. 
Bergen Point, N, J. 
South Orange, N. J. 

Waverly. N. Y. 

Eastbam pton. Mat! 
Knoxvllte, Tenn. 
Raleigh, N. C. 



I .S\7a: -2 x3 feet 

i -- ;; ^^f-m ;; -. ... 


No. 3 Ruled for music, S4!c36 Inches '.2 Tri 

77iM is universally admiiled to be the best 
material for blackboard in use. 


course of lessons. 

I am very grateful to you for your 
and will always deem It a pleasure to recommend 
youroourse of lessons to all who wish to learn to 
write an elegant hand. Wishing your success, I 
remain. Yours truly, B. W. Pulling, Wans an. Wis. 
To those who think of taking the course I will send 
penmanship for 6 oei 



Syracuse, N. Y. 

Don't fail lo send 40 cents for 13 signature cards 
all different. A beautifully written letter 25 cents. 
Three seta of caplt&la all different 40 cents. Box of 
the best pens made 46 o6Dte. Address afl above. 


W« want Rood, active, reliable affenU In every 
part of the Unlt«d States and Canada not at present 
occupied by oar «rents. to take Bubecriptlon« for 
the JoDRHJJ. and to sell the new 


and oar other publieatlona. We hare ageou who 
Sflod uB handrede of flubecriptlons every year, 
wlUiout Roinfc out«lde of their immediate neigh- 
borhood. Upon the liberal commlssloiiB we offer 
this Is a mooey-maklnit business. Write at once. 
as we will close with the first reliable parties who 



D, T, AMES. Enrroa and Pbopmetor. 



Pelrce's System of Penmanship- 
Pelrce'8 Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Pelrce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

Ist, A Membership In the Bualoess Department is 
2d A Membership In the Penmanship Depart- 
ment b»40.(». , „_„.„„..„. „, 


1 larger cities. 


We Ruaraiit6« nperiur 

t results. 

Send three letter 

tor . 

h Method 

lar and specimen of Penmantthlp. 

7th. Peiroe's System of Penman — . 

of iDBtraotion, Revised, perfected, improved. The 
eleventh edltioa now ready. Sample copies sent 
on receipt of 26 cents. By the dozen, 25 cents net. 

eth. My Philosophical Treatise of PenmaDshIp 
has been pat In desirable form and now retails at 
50 oent« per volume. Remember, It Is the only 
book of lt« kind ever published ; containing seven 
hundred ("OOt questions and 700 answere, together 
with Articles. Leotm-es. Criticisms and Discussions, 
all pertaining to Penmanship, and covering 113 
pajires of superior paper. 

Bth. The BEOOHD volume of this "TREATISE" 
will be anooanoed la these columns when ready. 

loth. A set of " Tracing Exercises " with each 
book of instracHon, 25 oenis. 

Address all oummiinications to 

Chandler H. Peirce, 

13-tr KEOKUK. IOWA. 

.Strokes" sent free to all who order the "Guide" 
Revised, Improvod and Enlarged. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips, 
26o,; Practice Book, lOc; Prize Sptciraen, JOc; 
Specimen of Ornamental Penmanship direct from 
the Pen, 2Bc.; Guide, Prize :ipetlraen and Oma- 
meDtal Specimen, &Oo. Address, 



5".: ■....■■• ^ •■ -; 




plate paper. All copl< 

the case and the others kept clean." Every 


ilips. These slips are not bound together, and o 

'liU Is the 
■k of tl 

rk of this kind, ltd 

oopy l9 given. 

plete and compreh'^nslve "Instruction I 

1 dlSicult things in writing but explains 

amined "A Series of Lcsoufiin Plain 
to le irn to write a rapid and elegant 

Prof. J. H. I III' 1 1 I 


Collect aU other "C.inii 
If this work is not beiier 
does not give more for th<* m 
postage for return, provldim 
thine i>f the kind ever publl-1 

The complete work mailt 


. Baltimore (Md.) High S 

. _ lOl.— " I 
ineratlons t 

f the I 

hoot. A liberal discount g 

on writing, send for aoL,, .. _. .. __ . 

las not a better quality of work, prlatlng, paper, 
any similar work publist ' '" * " " 

. send for a oopy of the " Lesaom," 
ork, prlatlng, pai 
a will refuno the n 


'turned in good condition. It generally conceded 
In a neat and substantial case to any address tn the world for 


Stamps not taki^n. 


Mention Tqi 

P. O. 



who will 1 

strictly first-class engraving 

wlpdge it the cheapest In the long 

;aring a copy for engraving, should .. 

writing fluid; black India ink making each hair line 

know the Impori 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 


Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

r calling y 

) obtain go 

> of this. This iH ou 

oitin this advertise 


i A thousand yeara as a day. No arithmetic 
:eaohe« it, A short, simple, practical method by 
K. C, ATKINSON. Principal of S 


., St Uiu;h. mu. 

also the figures; thus keepini 

tieal Penmanship, a portfolio 
cmbraclt)p a complete library <if practical WTltlng, 
inoludini; the new Magic Alphabet, capable of 
heins written by any one leirlbly 0ve times as fast 
as ordinary writlne, is mailed for 11.00. from the i 
New York office only. Address 

H. A. SPENCER. Z^^ ! 


,For cards, to. Oircalar 
le 18- Prese for small 
|iiewspa£er$44. Send 2' 


:h answers. 

pcomprislne D. S. History. Geo- 
- - r Arithmetic, Physiolugy and Hy- 
giene, and Theory, and Practice, each book 
containing lOUl practical questions and answere. 

These are positively the only question books 
published that are complete enough on a single 
-anch to be of any help to teachers or others In 
-eparing for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 
I schools. 

" 1001 Questions with Answers on ARITHMK- 
riC," including nearly "" 
• "uclons. B 

each subject, t 
qnestlous with a 

it examples with am 

h Answers on GRAMMAR,' 

copious Illustrations, parslug and analyitl 

umerons Illustrations, false syota. "" 

i, and the parsing of difficult i 
— ^ twice the r'" 


e the price of the book . 

'^p«, oardsi to f 
KetM7 de Co. inerldeo, ' 

nchidlng the Federal Constitution and 

"1001 Questions vflth Answers on OEOGRA- 
PHT."embraclng Descriptive. Physical and Mathe- 
matical Qeo^apfiy, The descriptive questions are 
a^ked on each grand division separntely. thus en- 
abling the student to refresh his mind on any par- 
tlnnUr country without reading over the entire 

In Theory and Practice and Physiology ajid Hy- 
el ne. and these subjects are treated In the same 
rumpreheiisive and lucid manner. 





Any of the following articles will, upon receipt 
of pnce, be promptly forwarded by mail lor express 
when so stated): 

When 10 conta extra are remitted merchandize 
will be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendium of Practical and Orna- 
mental Penmanship $,t 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets 160 

Ames' Guide to Practical and Artistic Pen- 
manship, in piper 50c.; In cloth 75 

Ames' Copy Slips for self -Learners 50 

Williams' and Packard's Gems B 00 

Standard Practical Penmanship, by the Spen- 
cer Brothers 1 00 

New Spenoerlan Compendlam, complete In 8 

parts, per part 60 

Bound complete 7 50 

Klbbe's Alpnaoet«, live slips, 25c.; complete 

Little's Illustrative Handbook on Drawing... M 

Grant Memorial 22x28 Inches 60 

Family Record 18x22 " 60 

Marriage Certificate 18x23 " SO 

11x14 " 50 

Garfield Memorial 19x24 " 60 

Lord's Prayer 19rM " 50 

Bounding Stag 24x82 " 50 

Flourished Eagle MxSi " SO 

Centennial Picture of Progress. ..23x25 " 50 

...28x40 " 100 

Eulogyof Llncolnand Grant, ...fflxSS " 60 
Ornamental and Flourished Cards, 12 designs, 

new, original and artistic, per pack of 60, 80 

lOObymail 50 

500 " 260 

1000 " S4.50: by express 4 00 

Bristol Board, 3-aheet thlek, 22x28, per sheet. 50 

23x28, per sheet, by express... ' 30 

French B. B,, 24x34, " " ... 75 

38x40, " " ... 1 25 

Black Card-board, 22x28. for white Ink 50 

Black Cards, per 100 25 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, hot-prese, 15x20. .$.16 % 1 20 

17x22.. .20 2 00 

19lc!M.. .30 2 20 

21x30.. JB5 3 75 

i; 28x40.. .65 7 00 

WlnsorANewton'sSup'rSup.IndlalnkStlck 'l 00 
Prepared India Ink, per bottle, by express... S5 
Ames' Best Pen. H groins box 30 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. 1, per gross... 80 

" " " " >4 gross bis. 26 

GlUott's 303 Steel Pens, per gross 100 

Spenoerlan Artistic No. 14^ per gross 1 00 

Engrossing Pens for lettenng, per doz 25 

Crow-quill Pen, very fine, for drawing, doz. . 75 
Sonnecken Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Broad— set of five 25 

Oblique Penholder, each 10c. ; per dozen 1 00 

"Double" Penholder (may be used either 

stralpht or obllqup). each lOc.; per dozen, 1 00 
Oblique Sletal Tips (adjustable to any holderj, 

eacbSc; perdozen.. 36 

Writing and Measuring Ruler, metal edged.. 30 

" plain 15 

New Improved Pantograph, (or enlarging or 

diminishing drawings l 26 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

papers 10 

Common Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, oloth 

binder. Joitrnai. size, very durable 1 60 

Roll Blackboards, bv express. 

No. 1, size 2 x3 feet - 1 75 

No. 8, " 2HJt»M(eet 175 

No. 3. " 8 14 " 860 

Stone cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side 1 26 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 •& 
Liquid Slating, the best In use, for walls or 
wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 


on good bank note paper is kept In stock, and 
orders will be filled bf return of mall or express. 
The fractional denomlnationfi are : r8.5'B.10's 25's 
and 60's,in convt-nit^nt proportions; the bills are 
In the denominations of I'a, fl's, 5's. lO's, 20's, SO's, 
lOO'K, 500'a and 1,000's, which are printed on siieets 
of fifteen bills each. They are proportioned so as 

the •». 50, 100. 500 and 1 .000 dollar notes. 

The proportion in wbioh the different denomina- 
tions are printed ts that which long experience has 
demonstrated to best meet the demands and con- 

the Script in other proportions than those named, 
except upon special order and at additional cost. 


Fractional Currency per 100 notes S 75 

"3!ooo " ;.*;;;;;!;; soo 


750 notes representing $63,330 capital S 7 00 

1.500 " " 166,600 " 12 00 

3,0<)0 *■ •' a.13,8a) " 20 00 


are kept In Stuck and sent by return mall, or ex- 

fresi, 30 cents each, or $3.00 per dozen. Orders 
ar new and special designs promptly filled. We 
have fitock dlploma.<< for buslnexs colleges and 

mIscellaLcous Institutions, 

oftpL.^Y CUTS. 

For the (irt-imration of all manner of display outs 
our facilitios iiro unequalled. Send for estimates. 
Also we have the be^t facilities for making photo- 
engraved outs from pen and Ink copy. 


Of most of the thousands of outs thnt have »p 
peared In Tub Jodrmal and our publioatlon^, 
duplicates will be rurnished for low prices. 

We will supply at puNU/Urt' rates any standard 
w rk n penmanship in print also any hookkeep- 
Ine c mn er I il anthmetlc or other educational 

ben 1 tl I I tU t<« Unless 

Uike les'« Vi £ LAN T W e h ndle nothing 
ble goods and all who fav r us with 
a assured of prompt and efficient service. 


s fully up 

H. W. KiBBR. 

UtlOtt. N. Y.. 

Mt Dear Sir— Your faror of Oct. ii was duly reo'd, and I Intended to reply 

how I liBvehad a (treat deal of extra wori' -- -•- -•--- ---■ ■--- ■-- 

ihliiKnotuhauluteljr necessary to be done. 

Mr. Ruasetl bei^an with me about Nov. l ^ 

your ret^ommendation. We all like btm hs a teacher and us an Individual. 

Your syntem of Initruotlyn and me' hods of te ' " 

and I tbink your work Is equal to any I havcj 

used by niuny flrst-class 

~ anv irracelui wniiuir inai was aonn witii iim ^„..^„_ 

Very Truly, 

Mr. Russell came here from New IJedford, Mass., aud took a course In plain 
When ibrouRh the course be commenced looklneabout for asuilatlon tosuttblm. E 
nation with Mr. Carpenter, aud Ibe result Is Mr. Carpenter is pleased with his teacher, 
shows, aud Mr. Rueaeli U plea-ed with liia pociitou, which we know by a letter roceivt 

We toavb our siudi-nts bard aommon sense in penmanship, and prepare them to teaoh 
looount. or for fUllnfracoeptablyeood positions under sensible men. 

iorney,_^teachlnK_ In Allcntiwn, Pa . says i " I find the Instruction received from you of great 

making a success of my teaching here." 

und Bupinesa ColleEe, exhibits speolmt 
. "->f Armst ■ 

s Institution 

and I am glid to be able 
I teacher aud as an Indivlc ._ 
ds of teacblng are well calculated to prodi 

>blique holder. It Is tbe refuge of snide penmen, though, of course. 
_ 1-18. who do not like to eive it up. 
graceful writing that was done with the obi iqueji older, and I will not have it In 


,„, ,„ : a coume In nlaln f 

looklne about for 

. l9 Mr. Carpenter I 

Mr. Rueaell is plea-ed with his pociitou, which we know by a letter received from 
our 8iudi-nts bard aommon sense in pentnanshl 
for filling acoeptably good positions under sensil 
"", teachlne Ir '" -' -- " 

J M Armstrong, t. 
nd eauloses the ioll< 

"J. M. Armstrong 
enmanship frum his pupils nlm i, ■ > unprovemeut. Prof Arm'strong is a gradut 

We note the following in the.^/^.^.J...J. J-.j.. >A l lUrujry 5, 1883. relatii 

rof. A- J. Willis, recently from Utica, N. Y.. and hU skill, both as an artist and a teacher, is 

Our students are in demand, and you will moke no mistake in coming here for instruction In peuman- 

If you desire to learn more about us from those who have been here and taken instruction, write to 
Dme of the following t^-achers, enclosing a stamp for reply. 

Some of them are teaching In their own schools, and others have good poeitions In Business Colleges 
ad t'ommercial Depanmenta in other liistitulious : 

J, H. Cole, EastOreenwlob.R. I.; J. H. Wyse. Roanoke. Va.; G H. Breese, Brookville. Ont ; D J Saw- 
Br. Peterboro.Ont ; J. C. Stevens, Burlington, Vt; W. R. Wheisler. Lincoln. 111.: / " "■--•- •> - 
ille. Pa.; J. T. Rlsinger. Ulioa. N. Y ; M. Sayre. Toronto. Ont ; 0. B. Jones, Rocht 
If jou write to these parties, aud do not get 

a will send ; 




forth better efforts from our custmiicrB; henee, we can ^vell afford to cive\"iein'imtil''our SvsteTi'i''-' 
Introduced Into every family. HunilreilB of youiii- nii'ii and woiuen are making $m a nioiilh by 

reniiianBliip also tells you all about ORGANIZING ANH 


suocesni. I. M'i"^'f in the leading paper 

C. BIXLER, "^'"'•aiSyMlf/ilr^ShSSJ,"'"' WOOSTER, 

The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


Member of the Academy of Volupak— President of the lostitiite of AccouDls, 

One vol., I'imo, 22S p/t. Heavy paper, bound. Price, postage paid, $1. 


This work, in the preparation of which neither labor nor expenan has been spared, 
comprises : 

1. An introduction explaining the Purposes, Origin and History of Volaphk and of 
the Volaplik movement. 

2 A gramraiitical exposition of the structure of tbe language. 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radica's and tha formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by suffixes. 

5. ""Spodam;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8, "Lilttdam;" Reading Lessons. 

7, Vocabulary, Volapilk-Eoglish. and English-Volapllk. 

In addilion there is a portrait of Schleyer. with extracts from his writings ; a stute- 
-■nt in Vnlapak of the changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key to the 
=•■ '8 for correcting home work. 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in part to the new internaii.i 
laniruage is Tlic Oflice. 

In it the d.-partment entitled " Volasporte V contains progressive lessons 
Vo'aptYk. with spec'at reference to commercial correspondence. Published monti 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies lO cents each 

For circulars of the Hand Book of VolapUk. and for other ioformation. address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 


ire-t approach to actual bookkeeping poesit 
laglnary boslness. In which ihe student beci 


i duties o 

responsible, and 

- ... »««..= =ui;u.:ai. over all 0Omp«lU 

expert by tolu.wing lU precepts. If 
om a teacher. Highest branrh of 

5uU8tauii«l y bound In cloth. Prt— * 

ly refunded. Request 

itiiltors. ir you 

■f you wisli t.i 

f bookkeeping I 

Price. Si.; 


The Spencerian Copybooks, 

Inclmliiig the vurinns >crics ..I' ilmt well-known system, still 
nniinluin Iheir well-enrned ;uul generally recognize.l position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
imitated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles the 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by Hthography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
use of patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


By P. R. Spexcer's Sons, constitute a new departure in penman- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not de.signed to displace or supersede the 
SpENCEBUN, but for use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated "running hand" is desired. 

r Spencerian Large, - . - - . 96 cents, 

rices : _j gpencerian Small, ----- 92 cents. 

[Spencerian New, - - - . . 96 cents. 
Correspondence solicited 


753 & 755 Broadway, New York., 
>-i2 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

This College furnlaheB, &t moderate cost, the 
ery beat business training. The Course Is an 
embi-tdlment of the latest and most approved 
methods yet attained by the beat American Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

It la, progressive and thoroogh in all lis appoi^^ 
'iieiits and departments. 

The methods for Illustrating actual business In 
use In nuHlnesit Practice Departments, are 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
Che very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These " Business Practice " Depart- 
ments uloDe, 111 this Institution, contain a more 
onmplet* course of training than the entire course 
In many Bnslness Colleges that claim to he among 

The Principal i 

Department Is i 

of unsurpassed abilUy, 
to his pupils. For mon 
send for •• The Cotnmt 

This Is EzolUHively a School <>t I'fnumi 

ship, and ta. without an ezceptlun. the beHt I 
The Principal of this Department stands i 

the 1 


as a Teacher of Penmanship, "ho has no liv- 
ing equal," and devotes etx hours dally to 
teaching. If yon desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend aschool wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 

than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments In the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pen- 
maDBblp Is Teachers' Training, as well as Uie 
development of Pen Artlstx ; also ninok- 

Send for "The Commercial TCorld." 


Obsrlin. O. 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

.^PHIC WOKLi).' 




-> vui »ioiJK.\;vi. 

The Above Cut was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy Executed at the Office of The Journal and Represents In a Reduced Form one of a 
Variety of School Certificates, Testimonials and Diplomas kept In Stock. Special Orders for Blank Diplomas and the Filling of Same Promptly 
Executed In the Most Artistic Style. See Other Samples Elsewhere In this Issue. Special Circular Sent Free and Estimates CIven on Request. 
For Specimen Diplomas Enclose 25 Cents. 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

vrite through fron 

ider to learn tlie 

ten to twenty books 

etc. The first complete 
crowding or stretching 

1st. — The pupil does not have to 

System. Only sis books. 
2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovi 

system to prt^sent abbreviated forms of capitals 
3d. — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and 

to secure such results. 
4th.— lieautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th. — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such wordsas " zeugma, urquesne, 

xylus, ten ifly, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th. — Each book contains four pages oi practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the books of 

any other series — and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attr:ict;ve to the pupil. 
8th. — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books 


All the Copies 

of the Series 


//: e/K* 


A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

Published Monthly 
; 205 Broadway, N Y, for $1 per year. 


tthe Post Office of Ne 
! Second-Class Mail Ma 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1888. 

Vol. XII.— No. 

Correct rodtion. 
[These lessons began with the April nvwber 
tfhiehmaybeditaimdby remUtinn 10 eeniit. 

V LESSON No. L we 
gave full ioslruction re- 
specting position and 
m ovemenls, closfng with 
several movemrnt exer- 
cises for practice. We 
fancy ourselves reviewing 
the pages of practice by 
our numerous class of 
learners, inspectiog first 
their effort 


Id it 

asider pracHce No. 2. 
the learoer, so to speak, has" caught on" 
and is a promising candidate for promotion 
and early succtss. Passing the exercises 
No 2, the practice upon which is much the 
same as Ibat on No. 1, we inspect the prac- 



painstaking effort in practice, such ns give 
to the hand the requisite discipline for 
good, orderly writing 

With these crilicii-ms we give the subjoin- 
ed exercises for practice with the present 
lesson. We should be pleased to have any 
of the writers forward to us copies of their 
practice from these exercises, and will en- 
deavor in the criticisms that we may give 
nvey siic-b 
, ssist them 
in rhe correction of their several faults. 

In practicing uponthefollowingexerciscs 
it should be borne in mind that they entei- 
largely inlo ihe composition of writiu-; -. 
that it is not for a single letter only that 
these forms are to be mastered , but that they 
enter into the construction of more than 
one-half the letters of the alphabet. And 
not only that, but the practice and disci- 
pline which masters one form enables the 

No. I 

f\\\ be remembered 
J No, 1 we stated that practice 
in order to be successful must be thought- 
ful and painstaking ; that is every effort 
must be for a well understood and specific 
purpose. It must be mind as well as hand 

Now, in viewing the above 
very apparent tbat the Icarnei hasn't got the 
true spirit of the copy, in it all the Btroltes, 
both connecting and down, are uniform in 
slant and length as are the turns at top and 
bottom. In the practice there is no uni- 
formitv in any of these respects. Right 
here are several very essential features of 
good writing— spacing, respecting which 
the hand must be so trained that from sheer 
force of habit it measures with correct uni- 
formity all the distances in writing alike 
as to length of lines, distance of letter from 
letter and word from word, imparting to all 
uniform slant, turns, shades, etc. 

Now to the end that the learner acquire 
this discipliue he should have had care that 
m his practice each movement and form 
be repeated in all respects with the most 
perfect precision possible with the main- 
taining of a free movement of the hand. 

thal the wnler of this exercise has scarcely 
bad a thought as to copy or its practice. 
In such practice there is no discipline what- 
ever. The writer has set his hand in mo- 
tion and let it go, while his thoughts have 
gone skipping over a baseball ground or 
some other field of sport, and as he scrawls 
page after page with no improvement he 
consoles himself— and perhaps his parents 
and teachers console him— with the belief 
that after all "writing is a special gift " and 
that he in some mysterious manner was 
overlooked in its dispensation, and that he 
therefore can only be a scrawler. 

hand more readily to master tbosc succeed- 

*^opic^ fot Practice. 


The above exercises, copies 4, 5. 6 and 7 
respectively, should be practised in the 

spi 111 like that 
of most farm- 
era' boys. His 
school advantages being such as are usual 
in farming communities upon the Western 
Reserve, that is. Winter and Summer 
school three months each, up to the age of 
twelve, and after thai, the " Fall Select 
School," and the "regular" Winter school. 
Desiring further educational advantages, at 
the age of fifteen, he with a few of his asso- 
ciates, set out in a "two horse wairon" some 
twenly-five miles across the country, to 
Grand River Institute, at Austin burg. Ohio, 
then in charge of Prof. J. Tuckerman. The 
thorough training he there received was of 
much benefit in later years. 

On November, 24. 1873. his seventeenth 
birthday, he opened his first school in the 
same district where an uncle of his, when 
but sixteen, had begun teaching just five 
years before. 

The thorough work done by Mr. Loomis 
and the reforms inaugurated by him, won 
for him. though but a boy, the confidence 
')f Ihe community, and not only was he re- 
priitfdly urged to return and teach this 
school again, but the Superintendent re- 
ported him as having Ihe best school in the 

He had by this time become somew'cat 
interested in peumanship, and had. during 
the previous summer, taken a four months' 
coursein that branch of Mr M.L Hubbard, 
then located at Oberlin, Ohio. To perfect 
himself more fully, he went at the close of 
his winter school to Cleveland, Ohio, to 
avail himself for a time of the instruction of 
Mr. P. R. Spencer, then principal of the 
penmanship department of the Union Busi- 
ness College, Felton & Bigelow. proprietors. 
Hisambitionthusaroused, he determined to 
thoroughly qualify himself for a higher field 
of usefulness than his then circumscribed 
knowledge of mathematics and penmanship 
afforded bim. Accordingly, in the Fall of 
1875, he entered, at Ihe same institution, 
upon a thorough course of book-keeping 
and business training, pursuing it most suc- 
cessfully and from which he graduated with 
high honors in March, 1876. Fellon &Spen. 
cer (P. R, Spencer had now succeeeed Mr. 
Bigelow) realizing the worth and accom- 
plishment of their lute student, engaged his 
services as teacher of book-keeping for a 
a term thereafter. 

In the spring of 1«77 Mr. Loomis accepted 
a position as teacher in the Columbus. Ohio, 
Business College, meeting with phenomenal 
success. He retired from this institution to 
take charge of the Writing and Book-keep- 
ing departments of Bryant's Business Col- 
lege, of Buffalo. N. Y. Here he remained 
four years, disclosing those qualities essen- 
tial to success in any branch of business, to 

wit: energy, uoyicldiog purpose, a high 
order of lulenl and courteous maoDers. 

Attracted by these, and tbeir previous 
knowledge of him. Mewrs. Spencer A Pel- 
ton, then conducting the Spencerian Uusi" 
ness College of Clt'veland. invited him to 
join tliem and he became a member of tbc 
new firm of Spencer. Fellon & Loomis. It 
was in this ^ew field of labor that bis 
stningest trui'tie of character fouod develop- 
ment. Although by many yrars the junior 
iiietulter of the firm, he was asked tu assume 
its business management and so marked 
was his success that two years later his 
partners cunseuled to the purchase of the 
Mnyhcw Business College of Detroit, on the 
one condition that Mr. Loomis would ac. 
cept its control. Here for (be lirst time be 
found full scope for bis powers. Within 
two years this c dlege was consolidated with 
tlic Goldsmith, Bryant & Stratton Business 
University under tbe present name of the 
Detroit Business University. Mr. W. F. 
Jewell, President and Mr. Loomis, Secre- 
tary. In the Fall of 'SI Mr. Spencer and 
Mr. Loomis exchanged places uud tbe latter 
is now most ably directing the business 
iiKinagcmeut of the Spencerian Busin('»>s 
t'olli-L'c of Cleveland. Ohio. Asa business 
eduval 'r. for his aije. he has few ecjualb and 

I Kill 

■Yours of 301 h ult, received with the 
Ames" Compendium. Am mure than pleased 
with the book. It is .ike The JnuitNAi.— 
iln- best on iienmausliip I have evi-r seen. 
J. C. Blanton. 
Jfarilemnn. On.. Apritl. 

Handwriting Characteristics. 

Tliei e are people « ho cl lim to read men's 
cbiiracters from Ih.-ir writing. As tbewrir- 
ing of every nation is distinguished I)> or 
laiu strong national pfciiliaiilies it is easy 
fo^au expert to decide to what nation a 
writer belongs. Having settled iliat, certain 
large cliaracferistfcs wliich jin- t-.uininiHo 


. lull 
L-ry !.a 


tical. Meuorilnl ,l,.-s :,,.: .iluiu.v i.ilaiii 
to write plain, round bauds iu which .'very 
k'lter is distinctly legible; nettbei very much 
Hhiuleil forward, nor tilted backward; no 
letter very ju leb bi;;;jer tliau its m-ighbor, 
nor with hends miicb above or tails much 
below ibe lexers not so distinguished; Uie 
letters all having about the same general up 
rightoess. and the lines true to the edges < f 
ttie paper, neither tending upward nor 

Exact. buHiticss-like people will have an 
exact handwriting. Fantastic minds revel 
ill quirks and streamers, particulaily for 
the capital letters, and this qualiiy is not in- 
frei|ueul in eertain business bands, as if tbe 
writers fouod a relief from tbe prosaic na- 
ture of tbeir work in giving flourishes to 
cerlaiu letters, Firm, decided, downright 
men are apt to bear on the pen while writ- 
ing, and to make tbeir strokes hard anil 
thick. On the contrary people who are not 
sureof themselves, and are lacking in self, 
control, press unevenly, ami with anxious, 
looking, scratchy hands. Ambitious people 
are apt lo be overworked; they are always 
in haste and eiiber forget to cross tbeir "t's" 
or dot their ■■ i's." They are also apt to run 
the la-it few letters of every word into an il- 
legible scrawl Flurried, troubled and co n 
science twinged, persons have a crabbed uud 
uneven handwriling — W rtcholm. 

The Shortest Sentence. 
Editor ok The JontNAL ; 

Deak Sir— I noticed several attempts in 
Tnii .louilNAL to construe fbe shortest sen- 
tence containing all the letters in the alpha- 
bet. I submit IhefoIlowiDg, believingil lo 
be shorter than any that has ever been 
printed : 

"J. V.Pheip and S.Z.Gib struck my fox." 

It consisls of Iwcniy-six letters and con- 
t;.;uh every letter in the alphabet. 
Yours truly. 

Hiawft ha. Knn Chas. B. Ham, 

Quality— Quantity. 

The earlier years of a child's life in our 
public schools should bedevoled to "form" 
dviring the process of writing. Form, with 
the child, is the pn)duct of finger action, 
and in consequi-oce is comparatively slow; 
hence we conclude that quality stands 

There can be no consideration of quanlily 
without a con8idcrati9o of tbe motive 
power which product sit. Quantity comis 
from speed; and ^pecd is produced by tbe 
machinery employed. The machinery em 
ployed is the larger muscles, a power which 
must of necessity remain undeveloped until 
nature has accomplished ber work, lleucc 
we conclude that quauiily stands second in 
its application to children. 

We are aware that it has been stated that 
movement can be taughl^to children in the 
earlif'St years of school life. There never 
has bei'ii any iiuestion iu my mind about 
leaching movement to any one regardless 
of age. The sticking point is in its applica- 
tion. If there is a siugle teacher within 
range of the Journal who is successfully 
applying movement, with his pupils from 5 
to 10 years of age. let it be announced to 

toil and repetition. Tbe growth is similar 
to that of everything else, and no one can 
possess speed, who does not grOw it with 
proper attention. The conditions upon 
which speed is basetl are many, some of 
these are being met during the earlier jears 
of training while tbc child is learning not 
only tbe forms of letters, but how to write 
beautifully with the various implements 
until he can manage the pen. At tbc pro 
per time tbe transition is easy and" rapid. 
If the work done wilb the child is left un- 
done, then tbe process of movement cannot 
gr> on. What then arc our conclusions ? 

Ist. That children from T) and 6 to lOand 
I'i years of age under favoralile conditions 
cannot do more tbau write with tbeir fing- 
ers, which renders quantity of secondary 

2d. That the application of movement is 
based upon tbe supposition of form and 
where the tatter does not rest the former 
can have no value. 

3d. Thai iu a literal sense, form and move- 
ment are not taught together. That in the 
higher conception of each, there is a blend- 
ing of tbe two. After movement has been 
cfetablisbed through the various processes 
of its application, then and not Idl theu can 
quantity take precedent. If the training 
has been what it should be, even tniantitv 

of 18(11 his wells were yielding him a daily 
revenue larger than the average man's yearly 
income. The first great oil well fire in the 
history of the oil regions occurred in April. 
186!. when the Hawley & Merrick well sud 
denly began spurting oil and gas in such 
quautiticft that the oil ran to waste and 
flowed over tbe ground in all diredionp, 
and the gns filled the air for a quarter of a 
mile around, finally reaching ao engine 
bouse where the fire of tlie boiler ignited it. 
The result was aercs of roaring flames, 
which enveloped the spectators that bad as- 
sembled to witness tbe then great novelty of 
a Bowing well. How numy persons were 
burned up in that awful fire was never as- 
certaitied, but tweoiy are known to have 
perished. 11 R. House was on the ground 
when the explosion occurred, and was 
burled into the thickest of the conflagration. 
Two men, one of them named Uriah Smith, 
now living near Mercer, rushed into the 
terrible mass of tire, and dragged bim out 
in time. Both re-cuers were terribly burnt d. 
and were monibs in recovering from tbe re- 
sults of their during dush into thai Iterce sea 
of tire and boiling oil to rescue the oil 
prince. "House's clothing was burned from 
his body, which was one m.iss of blisters. 
His eyes were burned to a crisp in their 
sockets mid his mrs. bnnd.s and hair burned 

the world. Let us see the results. Let us 
examine the process. Let us prove its un- 
erring power. 

I do not believe that there is a competent 
conscientious authority in the United States 
who will make any s'jch declaration. If 
movement (iu its literal sense) is not taught, 
then speed is not gained. If speed is not 
attained then quantity is a dream. 

Teaching movement with its application, 
presumes many conditions, which if not 
present must result in failure. 

Movement is the product of a milliou 
revolutions. If the child's structure was 
sufliciently susceptible, the time allotted to 
the work, together with the intense repeti 
tion necessary would debar bim of success. 

All children must learn to write through 
the action of tbe fingers, and any teach 
cr who calls for quantity does it at tbe peril 
of deslroying legibility. The poor writing, 
in the higher grades of our public schools 
(o-day is caused from attempting quantity 
through the same channel as quality. Speed 
is regarded simply as a superficial effort 
based upon a knowledge of form. Pupils 
are expected to write lessons rapidly (be- 
cause Ihe time demands it) without ever 
having been taught even the fundamental 
principles of speed. 

Writing rapidly with the fingers (only) 
is like traveling u long distance on foot. 
Learning lo write rapidly Is a proccbs of 

presupposes quality. Quantity is the re- 
sult of systamatic training and is not tbe 
product of spasmodic effort. 

With beginners, qualiiy first, then quan- 
tity. With the more advanced quantity 
first, ibeu quality. With another class 
quality and quantity are inse])( Table. 

Quality is produced by quantity and quan- 
tity by quaHty. 

Don't Drop Your Pen. 

County SIOO.OUO. 

The Warren Mail tells of a farmer of that 
county who went into a lawyer's office at 
that place a few days ago to sign some im- 
portant papers. ' After they had been read 
to him and approved, a clerk in tbe ofllce, 
in handing the farmer a pen to write his sig- 
nature, dropped it on tbe floor. The law- 
yer himself sprang from bischulr. hurriedly 
picked up the pen and placed it iu the far- 
mer's baud. 

"A delay of fifteen seconds, caused by Ihe 
dropping of a pen with which a man was to 
sign bis name to a will, lost to Warren 
county 1100.000 once." said the lawyer. 
■ 'and the dropping of a pen about to be used 
has always made me nervous and uucom- 
foriableever since. 11. 11. Ilouse. of En 
terprise. Ibis county, was one of thepiouter 
oil opci-aturs op uU Creek, and in the spring 

off. He was carried to a house at a safe 
distance. The explosion occurred at r. M. 
and in (^pite of bis frightful condition he 
lived until the next morning. He never 
lost consciousness, and as soon as every- 
thing that could be done for him was done, 
he began tbe dictation of his will. The in- 
tense agony he suffered made this a slow 
job, and when the will was finished it was 
morning. When the document was ready 
for his signature the person who had done 
the writing dipped the pen into the ink bot- 
le. but in reaching it to the dying man's 
outstretched baud he dropped it. The pen 
rolled under tbe table and a delay at least 
of a quarter of a minute occurred before it 
could be recovered. When it was found 
and placed in Mr. Rouse's band the band 
was powerless to use it. The brave old 
prince was dead. 

"In his will he had bequeathed the sum 
of $100,000 to tbe poor fund of Warren 
county. lie had also lelt $100 each to the 
men who had preserved him from being 
cremated alive. The will being without 
bis signature, was of course legally inoper- 
ative, and his heirs did not think it ineum 
bent upon them to carry out his wishes, al- 
though they were expressed under such ex- 
traordinary circumstances. The county 

lost its legacy, which 

very larre; 
$100 be 

be wondered H 

but the 

quests to the men who, at (be risk of thi 

own livejt, had saved the unfortunate < il 

operator lo his family, at least for Christian 

Living Monarchs of Europe. 

FartB About the Fotpiitntes Who Holal 
Swuy Over Great Nntionn. 

Qucc'ii Victoriii now holds a place among 
tlie oldest sovereigns of Europe. In May 
of next year she will be seventy years of 
a'^e. Slie has been on the throne for iv half 
a century. She enjoys good health' and 
bids fair to live and reign for many years 
yet. If she aliains the age of her grand- 
father, George III . she will wield the scep- 
ter (barring accident) up to the year lyoi. 
If at Ihat time her .son. the Prince of Wales, 
becomes King, he will have reached the 
ripe age of sixty years, and his tendency to 
baldness will, doubtless, have become more 
marked than it is now. 

The new German Emperor Frederick is 
fifty-seven years of age, and his Empress, 
the daughter of Queen Victoria, is forty- 
eight. Judging from photographs, he does 
not closely resemble his departed father in 
the face, but she looks very much lilie her 
mother. If Frederick should live to be as 
old as his fat"icr. he will hear his crown 

The Emperor of Russia. Alexandtr III . 
is forty-three years old, and mounted the 
throne after the murder of his father, seven 
years ago. 

The Kiug of Denmark, Christian IX., is 
seventy years old, or ayearolderthanQueen 
Victoria, and is the second oldest monarch 
in Europe. He has wielded the scepter for 
a quarter of a century, or just half as long 
as the British Queen. One of hisdaughicrs 
is the wife of the Russian Czar, another of 
them is the wife of the heir apparent to the 
British Crown, and bis second son is King 
of Greece. 

The King of Sweden and Norwiiy, Oscar 
II.. is in his sixtieth year, and has reigned 
for sixteen years. He has favored some re- 

The King of Portugal, Louis I., is lifly 
years old, and is a man of enterprise and 
progress. He has been for twenty-seven 
years a king. 

The power and authority of the King of 
Spain, Alfonso XIII., who is not yet two 
yeai-s old. is limited bv the re'-encv of his 

but before that he had held the throne fur 
fourteen years by election as Prince Milan 
Obrenovic IV. Heis the fourth of his dy- 
nasty since Servia threw of the Turkish 
yoke in 1820, His predecessor was assassin- 

The reigning prince of Montenegro is 
Nicholas 1., who is forty seven years old, 
and has reijrned twenty eight years. 

In Germany there are three kings and a 
grand duke besides the Emperor of Ger- 
miiny and King of Prussia, who are one. 
There arc the K'ngof Haviiria. the King of 
Wurlemburg, Ihe Kiug of Saxony, and the 
reigning grand duke of Badeu. 

There are in Europe two kingless coun- 
tries—France and Switzerhind. Both of 
thise repulilicsseem to he able to get along 
and kee|) the peace without the guidauee of 
kings or emperors. 

The President of the French Republic, 
M. Caruot, is fifty-one years of age, and was 
elected to office in December hist. He is 
a graduate of the Polytechnic School in 
Paris, and held various offices 'cfore his 


Woman Talk. 

Jenny Lind Gohischmidt left 55.000 
Swedish crowns to the universities of Up- 
sala and Lund, in Sweden, to aid poor stu- 

Mrs. Hendricks, the widow of the late 
Vice President, has been President of the 
Indiana State Prison Reformatoey for four- 

The Baroness BurdeltCoutts and some 
other philanthropic persona are about to 
establish workshops in London, furnished 
with sewing machines, where poor seam- 
stresses can go and use the machines at a 
very low charge. 

The Queen of Sweden take« a very lively 
and actine interest in cvervtliiii? ••..Inii.cicii 
with the Sick Nurse In-^iiiiiii-n nmI -., \„.i\sv 
is now being built in M.i 1 1 , Iwiilt 
and Queen ibemselvev 'I1 1 . : , lire- 
cost \ull, ■ ,jf 

the Queen, be called the " Sofia Home." 

Mrs, Waoamaker, of Philadelphia, has 
added to the Presbylerian Hospital a spa- 

nird I 

letter which 
make the gift 
vial of my nm: 


She said, 

<■.! Iliu kuys 

^?>-.' -'^■f'/^-^/y^^-y^y^^/^y^x 


i/'^'^?/^/^ A^l^d^-'Z-i^ 

'■/'■/r.,-f:?'/'/^ i^,;a:<^?^g-iiz^ 


W'rMirrr A,/ /^JLc 

i/J r^y-^fj^ ^r-/ -'//'^ 

(^'-'ry/J^ •'P',<^;^/-, ■^^?:y^'^g>'^^^ru^ 


the year 1910. 
; nearly twenty- 

, Francis Joseph, 

barring accidents) up to the year 1932. Un- 
fortunately, "Unser Frilz." as heis known, 
who is greatly beloved by his people, is now 
hovering between life and death with an 
afiectlou of the throat very like that which 
put General Grant in his grave. 

The King of the Belgians, Leopold 11., is 
fifty-three years old, and if he should reign 
till he reiehea the age at which his father 
died he will he King up 
He has been on the thr 
three years, 

The Kmperorof Austr 
is fifty-eighi years old, and hi 
the imperial crown for forty-eight years. 
Hla predecessor was his uncle, who abdi- 
cated the throne in his favor when but fif- 
ty-five years of age, because be was tired 
of the turmoil and trouble Francis Joseph 
is a polished scholar, a linguist, an eques- 
trian, an admirer of military pomp, and a 
charmer. He is iienUhy, and bids fair to 
reign for a long time yet. 

The King of ludy, Umherto 1., is forty - 
four years old. and has worn the crown 
since the death of his father, ten years ago. 
He is but the second "f the kings of United 
Italy, aud his throne is in the eternal city of 

mamma. He never saw his royal sin-. 

The King of Greece, or King of the Hel- 
enes, Georgios I., is forty-three years of 
ago, aud has been king for a quarter of a 
century, or since he was eighteen, at which 
age he was elected to the Hellenic throne. 
He finds it a hard job to rule the modern 
Greek or keep their favor. 

The sovereign or Sultan of Turkey. Ab- 
dul Hamid II.. is forty-six years old, and 
succeeded to the throne twelve years ago 
when the majesty who preceded him was 
deposed. He is the twenty-eighth sultan 
since the conquest of Constantinople by the 

The King of the Netherlands, William 
III., is the oldest monarch in Europe, being 
now of the age of seventy-one. and entered 
upon the fortieth year of his reign on St. 
Patrick's Day. though he is a scion of the 
royal house of Orange. Even in Holland 
the old monnrch is merry at times 

The King of Roumania. Carol I. . is forty- 
nine years of age, and was proclaimed king 
only seven years ago. but before Ihat lime 
he had been for fourteen years the domnul 
of his subjects. 

The King of Servia. Milan I., is thirty- 
four, and was crowned only six years ago. 

election . as President. There are over 
38,000.000 people in the French republic. 
In the Republic of Switzerland the high- 
est official of the government is the Presi- 
dent of the Federal Council, who is elecltd 
by the Federal Assembly, holds office fur 
tlie term of one year, and enjoys a salary of 
$3,000 per annum. The President for the 
present year is Mr. W. F. Ilertenstein. A 
President is not eligible to re-ele( lion until 
a year after the end of his term of office.— 
Boston Trarueripc. 


Nothing for ChlcHg 

Miss Corinne C'ohn, the si__ 
daughter of Prof. Henry Cohu of Chicago, 
is said to speak German, French, English 
aud Volapuk fluently. 


■like colors, gloriously clear, 
I west the sun Lad sunk from 
It tiiiDf; like a [lalt upon a bici 

darllnft. wlieu you died, 
Brlgbt with tliv ulory that I could not soe: 
For. thoiiKh with straiainji, tear-dlmaied eyes I 

Only grleMadon nluiids appeared to me ' 
~Bt4tH ChanaifF. in Tht Atntrican S/iigazint foi 

Dr. Alice Bennett has charge of the female 
department of the Pennsylvania State Hos- 
pital for the Insane, Nom'slown. 

Industrial Schools for Girls area necessity 
in providing forthe future. The women of 
Kansas, led by Mrs, Rastall, W. C. T. V., 
State President, and Mrs. Thurston, of 
Topeka. have secured an appropriation 
from the Legislature. Colorado women are 
organized for a similar purpose. 

In Wyoming, where women have voted 
pressly provided by law 

"Lazy" Monks' Smart Pens. 

Before printing was ever dreamed of. the 
so called " lazy " monks hatl actually writ- 
ten, in almost imperishable and illuminated 
characters. 80 000 volumes now in the Bib. 
liotheque Nationak of Paris; 100.000 vol- 
umes in the library of the British Museum; 
20,000 in the Royal Library of Munich ; 
30,000 in the Bodleian Library of Oxford, 
and 25,000 in tne Vatican Library, besides 
innumerable great collcctious in the various 
monasteries and religious houses in Rome 
and throughout Europe. — I/otrc hamc Scho- 

Leading penmen a 
of Ames* Best Ptn 
Thirty-five cents a b 

'^ip^i of '^l>OHoq;ia^<j 

I band and for 

These lessons began with our is^iie of Oc- 
tober 1886. and were ended with the issue 
of February, 1888. The two succcedi" g 
numbers coutiiined much supplemeiilal in- 
formiiliou and rcadiuj; mutter of value lo 
sborihaod students and they wil) be includ 
ed in Ihe complete sets. The price for the 
set mailed, postpaid, with handy binder 
(price 75 cents), ready for bindinp. is $3; 
without binder, $1.50. First come first 
served, and tlie supply is very limited. 

These le&aons cover the whole ground of 
phonography. The initial lesson is sub- 
stantially reprinted in this number for the 
benefit of beginoers. They are absolutely 
the only publication extant that teaches 
shorlhand as Mr. Munson writes it. They 
were especially autborized by the aulbor of 
the system himself and conlain coniribu- 
tions from his own pen, illustrating the 
latest additions to his system (not contained 
in the "Complete Phonographer ") also 
court note; by him. sug^'estions as to trans- 
eril)iug with (he type-writer, etc. 

Try Your Hand on Munson 

The Jouhnal offers an elegant phonog- 
rapher's fountain pen to the shorlhand 
student or practitioner (teachers barred) 
who will send it the best page of Munson 
phonographic script before July I, to be 
engraved for publication. From 300 to 500 
words will be about the right length. In 
preparing the lopy, the script in 'A Ser- 
mon." printed in The JoruNAL for April, 
will serve as a good guide as to size. si>ac- 
ing. distance between lines, etc , qfter en- 
grming. Uut the original copy must be 
considerably larger, and to get the best ef- 
fect should l)e twice as large. That is. the 
characters should be twice tlie size, and the 
spacing and distance between lines twice as 

Copy must be executed in jet black ink 
(india ink is by far the best.) Both the 
neatness of the work iind tlie correctness of 
the writing will be tnken into consideration 
io awarding the prize, TUl- next bisl spec- 
imens (two or three of them pcrhapsi will 
also be engraved for publication in The 

The portrait which appears in the centtr 
of this page is a very faithful likeness of 
Mrs. L. H. Packard, author of the series of 
shorthand lessons printed in The Journal. 
The editor has had occa-ion bi-fore to ex- 
press himself with regard to these lessons. 
Hundreds who have profited by them will 
agree that they have bceu clear, concise thorough. And they are «f a piece 
with the work and life and character of their 

Mrs. Packard <ioes nothing by halves To 
whatever she may have in band she brio -s 
a zeal and earnestness and devotion to de- 
tail that enchains attention aud commands 
success. Thoueh the labor may involve 
distasteful details and a degree of drudgery 
she is none the less faithful, therefore none 
the less successful. Shorthand teaching 
has been her work for some years. 

Mrs. Packard is a woman with Ihe rare 
inspiration of common sense and the gen- 
ius nf fidelity. The combination never 

— The latest candidate for public favor in 
the way of a type-writing macliiuc is the 
Morris type-writer. It is the invention of 
Robert Morris, of Kansas City, and is man- 
ufactured by a company at New Haven, 
Conn. Like the Ilall the typewriter re- 
ceives ink without a ribbon. 

— A portrait of Thomas Pinkney, Presi- 
dent of the Canadian Shorthand Society, 
Toronto, is in the front of the Cosmopolitan 
Shorthnnder for April. 

— The Student's Journal for February has 
an interesting sketch of the veteran short- 
hand reporter and journalist .William An- 
derson. A portrait is also given. 

— Rev. F. G. Morris" Mentor, Easthamp- 
ton, Mass., comes to us again, brighter and 
iiettcrthan ever. The current issue is num- 
ber 10, and the editor announccstbat he will 
hereafter go by numbers and not by names 
of months. 

—The Cenioti/pc ia soon lo be placed on 
(he market by the inventor of the Hall 
type-writer. It will be very much on the 
same principle as tbat machine, with many 
promised improvements. 

—The Jouhnal will show more Phono- 
graphic faces in this department soon. 

—Humphrey's Phonographic and Type- 
writing Institute has removed from Pough- 
keepsie to 1.000 Arch street, Philadelphia. 
The school is, we arc glad to learn, in a very 
flourishing way. 

—The much heralded, much lied about 
Michela reporting machine has proven a 
failure in the Italian Senate, where it was 
officially adopted. Pencils will have a 

—Apropos of the Demenl-Irland speed 
performance, shorthand journals the coun- 
try over are trotting out their champions. 
'l"he Shorthand Sun leads with Mr. George 
H. Maxwell, of San Francisco, who, it 
solemnly assures its rt-adurs wrote 267 words 
a minute on five minute tests. The Phono- 
graphic Recorder regards Thomas Allen Reed 
as the " boss" still. Perhaps bis best re- 
cord was 218 words a minute for thirty suc- 
cessive minutes — and he correctly trans- 
cribed them. James E. Munson. the aulbor 
of the system which The JonRNAL teaches, 
reported the celebrated Beecher-Tilton trial 
for the New York Sun. Any one who has 
ever essayed court work knows that excited 
lawyers often soar well above 200 a minute 
and keep it up. Mr. Munson's verbatim re- 
ports were transcr^'ed for pi-esn from his 
original notes by girls, without his assist- 
ance. Talk about your records ! 

— The last number of The JoinurAL con- 
tained a reading lesson in Phonographic 
script equal in length to six pages of the 
" Complete Phonographer."' Shorthand 
students will find it very interesting. 

—Will the shorthand work of Tue Jouit- 
SAL be continued? A great many anxious 
people have made tbat inquiry of late. 
Does this number look as though we had 
thrown it over? We dare say not, and do 
not intend to doso. It would be a pity if 
the only paper which exemplifies Munson's 
phonography according to its author were 
compelled to go out of the business. 

— The price of a quarter gross of Ames" 
Best Pen (33 cents) would pav for half a 
gross of pens uf some manufacture. We 
didn't enter the field to hawk a cheap and 
flimsy article. We asked for the best pro- 
curable and got it. The best is the cheap- 
est, and a long way the most satisfactory. 

Words Distinguished. 

Tliclisi given on page 69 includes the most 
]iiipi)ri;iiii iiLTinist' (he most frequently re- 
, iiinu- UHi.K ili:ii are likely lo conflict un- 
l. " ili-iiii-ni-i]L'! Iiy difference of outline. 
|.>>-xiliuii, oi Vulval ization. It would be im. 
pussible as well as useless to make a list 
that would coverallcootingencics. Thomas 
Allen Reed says in one of bis talks recently 
[Miblished in The Jodknal ■ "lam dis- 
posed to think that it is possible for any 
two words however dissimihr in character 
i^ir meaning to be so placed as to reader it 
(lifticult tn tell by the context which is 
iiitendfd." If the writer of phonography 
will learn the words here given, he will only 
occasionally encounter other words that are 
in danger of being misread. These after a 
little experience he will discover at the 
moment of writing and provide for any pos- 
silde error in transcription. To quote from 
Mr. Recti again. "It is astonishing how 

adily the mind when alert, perceives the 
necessity for some such distinction even 
when the baud is following a rapid speaker, 
and how quickly some method is extempor- 
ized for making it. But if the reporter 
allows his attention to relax and writes in a 
mechanical way, without thinking of the 
sense, be is likely to drop into one of Ihese 
pitfalls, of the existence of which he is made 
painfully aware when he comes to trans- 
cribe his notes, and cannot for the life of 
him tell which of the two should be written. 
He has never, perhaps, found any difficulty 
with them before, but now it stares him in 
the face, and he knows not how to meet it ; 
he can only guessand hope he has guessed 

If the learner will at the begiuoing of his 
advanced practice so familiarize himself 
with this list as never to be in doubt whether 
any word may belong to it ; and refer to it 
whenever occasion requires as to corrcci 
forms, he will not need to go through the 
tedious process of committingit to memory. 
It is hoped that no one will be dismayed by 
the number of words to be distinguished. 
The list is not as difficult as it looks, and 
with the right kind of practice will easily 
be mastered. It is given only in the hope 
that the learner may get from it what he 
would otherwise he obliged to learn fro(n 
experience, which is said to " teach slowly 
and at the cost of mistakes." 

It will be noticed that in here^and whereto, 
to is indicated by halving as it is in phrases. 

Note.— It is unfortunate that some words 
can be written several ways and still violate 
no principle of phonography, Often one 
outline has a decided advantage over 
another in brevity, ease of writing, or in legi- 
bility, in which case it is easy to choose the 
better form. Again, two outlines may be 
equally good. Then one must be chosen 
and the other discarded absolutely. To 
vacillate between two outlines for the same 
word at a critical 
■' He who hesitates 

Hooks and Crooks. 

headed "What 
Doing," doesn't state the 
fact that it is exposing the poor spelling of 
many operators, as well ae their ignorance 
of punctuation and the use of capital let- 
ters. — NorriHtown Ha-ald. 

The BevenRefl of Science. 

In the future, when a reporter goes armed 
with a vest pocket detective camera and an 
improved Edison pocket phonograph, the 
public man who gets himself interviewed 
for the purpose of denying the interview, 
will disappear from sight. — Philadeljikia 


It is just as hard for the man who em- 
ploys a stenographer to refrain from cas- 
ually alluding to it, as it is for a woman to 
fasten the lop button of her newmarket 
when there is a diamond pin at her throat. 

Great la Chicago. 

A recent young lady graduate of a Chica- 
go shorthand school, who has started a class 
in shorthand in a country town in Mione- 
sola. mentions in a letter to her former in- 
structor that two of the girls in her class 
have writen 210 words per minute after a 
little over three months instruction, which 
she considers "remarkable progress for the 

too, to turn out pupils in from six to eleven 
days who write 211 and 21!»^ words a min- 
ute, f^ext. — CoamopoUtan Shorthander. 



Priv»te Instruction by 
praotioal verbatim re- 

tiiiip fur pamphlet and 


rhila telj.hia. Ph. 

One of thi» largest and best in Amorlca. )« the 

II Spliool .if Short hani 

Seven Solid Statements 

self- tnstruutoria the Report- 

iiMiHl e 

rdevlBed for thorough 
ring wedge, 

■cs a thoroiiKli 

I in teaL-hihi,' ; 

II Wntson, CatooKville.IV] 


Shoilhand writers of Henn Pitman. Browne nr 
Grabam Systems oan tncreafie their speed iiinteri- 
ally in a short time. For parllcnlars, address, 

VtANTED by iu'(Ul."°rwriitake you "tlirough 
Ihe principles free. Every worthy studr* 
nnteed a posilioti. Largest Shorthaud 1 

.V- . — . . tuition: best acci 

nothing to give the lesnc 

,.__ ;_ -'608(101 and reniL. 

ilaries from $■%) t 

,._.,. _6na vour nn — - j -^ ■ ■• 

fuFcinnting study a 

Every worthy student ^ 

- -- Largest Shorthand Sohoi„. .„ 

the country. Lowest tuition: best aocommode- 
tiODS. It win cost you nothing to give 1 ' " 
a trial. Over 100 graduates in pleasant a 

enitive positions this vear, at salaries fr , 

$100 per month. Send your iinme and begin this 
' " ' "ing study at once. Address W.T.L,AKr 
, Insiructor Shorthand and Typewritini 
Western Normal College. ShenaudoHh, Iowa. 


plete. or Part I. 50 cents ; Par 
ny mail ; trial lesson and 



SHORTHAND, <f|;""ehiy « 
.M,.Tio»u .»c.^i;;ui;7,&"'w"^".::p"£n''. 

CYCLOSTYLES, ^g;^J^.;'^';;;f„5=.' 
ALIGRAPHSTji'" B?.'t wRiTmS 

Scpd for circ's, W. G. CHAFFEE, Osw^o, N.Y. 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught hy mill. The laM sy-tem and th.^rcu^jlj 
iiiBtruotioD. Send stump fur pamphlet and speul- 
men of writing. 

t-13 Teacher o' Shorthand, rittaburg, Pa, 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 





advice. _ I ^ 

derioft Vi ? 

dedicate | 

deduct --.. U.. U 

detect L 

iledicatioa 1 

deductioU' - I UO. I — ~> 

detectioQ | ^ 

staidoess f t 

geuuemeu y ^ 

co.t - -f 

^^ ^. -^.... 

exceed 1" I ' 

accept ' — ^ -— ^ 

"cept *"" 

acceleraliou ^^~^ ( \ 


I'liaructer *7!^ -^ / 

craiDped I 


expound " 



cordially ' ^ 

grnduallj' " 


coatitiou ^. /O- - .. yO- 

collusion ^— * — ' — ^ ^ 

/f "^ 
scorch "^ — '' ' 


God r.-.T] 

garden , ^^ >> 




favored. _ V \. 

favorite ^ \V' 

funeral , , 

funereal Ni_^ ^^vl^^ 

S2& ^-^ 

fiwal . „ I I 

physical ^^^y- ■^i^■ 

ftirioua * ' "k^i" - - Kzjr' 



food- 4... J . _ _ 

fool '^ ^ S ^' S 
feud I >l 

violent ^<^ ''-^ 



consnmption .^7;^ ^(f"^ 


ingeuious v_j ^~'/ 
itgeiimus " Cj ■-■] 

auimal v-t^^ v^ 

boneslly --^ ^ 

"ieely ' ■ 

inlruJe ^'"1 ' -'^Al. 

clae /~° (^ 

la.Uncle ^ ^| 


island r.....^ 

alliance _ ^^—^ ^-~-» 


^S • .f^-/} 'f\ 


elusion' , 



vherenitb '^' 

hereto ' y\ -V 

whereto / /I 
whereat ' ' '■" ■ 

JeliS".''^ -'^ 
^»d -,1 


daughter J J' L 
doubter.... y. . />_ 

debtor J I 
«<Jit<'r ^1 ' " b Jj 


u u 

'^ h. 


adoration \^ \j 

(L/q «ji 

migrution ^ 
emigruliou. . 
ill) migration 



mold " 



p"iir \..\ 

opposiliou >> V 

^;, s^v 

pattern "^^^ N^^^ 

p"""" J 

propose \^ 

P»l'»' -.X--\ 

potent J J 

property \ - V. 
propriety v | | 

appropriation\j. \ 
preparation * \j \P ' 

prevention Vw* 

proraned '\ 'N^^^ 

prevent ^' 


protection -.Nj...'W2N. 

production 1 7, | --, 

prosecution ^ , <■ ^ 
persecutton' "\lJ3 V^"" ' ' 

proscribe o — \ [\ 
prescribe \ V-* 

oppressor „ 

P,3 h-v^^-V) 

p™^'- 'SJ..\^_ 

Pe=".. \,...\<?..^ 

Parisian ^^ 

promise \^'~» V~i 

premise " 

I"*"" "' V-i, ^ 

permanent .V — \^ \ 

parinor "^..^^ 

oppression Aj \^ 

prominence Y^^ ^ 

pcrmaaence ."': — ' .V'"^^^ "V 

process Vi Vi 'V 

prizes . ./T,.--V.-.-V- _....., 


p™;^ \.'\, 

pass ^ ^ 

-sport (, „ 
support,. .\ . V..^ % 
sepamte ' I 


obsolete V V 

birtb, VI .% 

!>reath / 

behold v> \ 

beheld V- 

beautiful , 

pitiful ' A '^' ' 

bread \ \ 

brood \ 'N " 

bright "^ ^ 

broad I 

trader | 


The Study of Phonography. 

jSiiljiiantially reprinted frnro The .I«ui 

, botoif the first ot Mrs. I>« 

Willi a fnir knowledge of English nud an 
honeat desire to learn, any person of ordi- 
nary ability should be able to master plio- 
nograpby. and to ntlain suiriclont speed 
ihercin to make good use of it in business. 
It can be learned from books alone, but 
mucb time may be saved and discourage- 
ment avoided by having a competent teach- 
er. The lessons here given nre intended to 
help those who are wirhout a teacher. They 
do not seek to superstcde the textbook 
but to supplement it. The system used 
is MuDSon's, and the principies arc those 
laid down in the Munson text-book, which 
it would be well for the slndi-nt to possess. 

Aside from the textbook the only mnte- 
riftlfl required are a pencil, or pen, and ink 
and pnpor. If a pencil is used, the paper 
sliould be Dciiher too hard nor too smooth 
but with a sui face thai will sufBcicntly re- 
sist the point. For pencil wriliog. report- 
er's note books containing nioetj -six ]iages. 
ten inches long and four inches wide, may 
be bought for from 00 to 75 cents a dozen. 
They are bovind in brown paper, open at the 
ends and ruled in red. Red ruling is pref 
erable to blue, A pad or loose sheets of 
paper may be used instead of the book, but 
if desirable to preserve Ibc work for refer- 
ence the book is better. The pencil should 
be so soft that a shaded stroke can be made 
with as much ease and speed as a ligbl one. 
A good gold pen with fountain attachment 
is better than a pencil, tbouf^h most learners 
and many reporters use the pencil. A flue 
steel peu should never be used. It is well 
to prnctice wilh both pen and pencil. The 
ink should be dark, without sediment, and 

To get the best results it is important to 
devote a cerlain time to the bludy each day. 
It is far belter to study or practice fifteen 
minutes a day than to siudy three hours 
at one time and then lay aside the book for 
a week. The necessity for much careful 
reading cannot be too strongly urged. 
Many would-be learners have failed to mas- 
ter the an because they did not understand 
the value of reading. If the perfect forms 
become familiar before you attempt to 
write without a copy, you will not only 
make fewer blunders but be able to see 
y«ur blunders and cuvrecl them. This is 
Important if you have no teacher to examine 
your work. Acquire a habit at the outselof 
making the consonant outlines exact in 
length and curve and of placing the vowels 
properly. You should have no thought of 
speed in writing, neither should you allow 
your pencil to stop midway in writing a 
word to consider how it is to he tiuished. 
Form a picture ot the complete word in 
your mind before you begin to write it, iben 
write without halting. Let all thinking be 
done between words. Do not make heavy 
strokes tirst light and shade them afterward; 
but shade with a single stroke, and write a 
shaded stroke just as quickly asa light one. 
If you cannot do this after a little practice 
your materials are not what Ibey should be. 
A slovenly, careless style of writing nt the 
beginning will lead to serious trouble in de- 
ciphering illegible phonography iis you ad- 

1. In phonography each sound has achar- 
acler to represent it. The consonant sounds 
are represcnU'd by straight and curved 
strokes, the long vowels by heavy dnlv mid 
dashes, the short vowels by light dois niul 
dashes, the diphthongs by two dashes 

\^ \V 

4. Words to illustrate the sounds of the 
vowels and diphthongs: 

Louff mwels.— Pa made me a\] those 

Short nmrlv. — Aun set 


Dipththongs. — M.v y>ys how few, 
5, Study the cmsonant stems, bearing in 
mind that these characters as well as the 
vowel signs represent sounds, not letters. 

0. While the consonant sounds have ench 
an exact representative, the vowel scale is 
not perfect, though suflieient for practical 

a. The third heavy dot represcntsthe 
sound of c in me, and of ea in ficar. 

b. The first light dot represents the 
sound of a in at, a in ca/re, ai in fair. 

c. The second light dot represents the 
sound of e in 7net, e in Iter, i in nlr. 

7. Consonant stems hav3 three positions: 
(1) above the line, (2) on theline, (3) through 
or under the line. 


..V-j- /..._. 

8. Vowels and dipbtbongs have thn 
phices: (1) at tbo beginning. (2) middle, ai 
(3) end of the ( 

■>>.]l ^ ^ 

9. The position uf the 
determined by the place of the 


10. In words having two or more vowel 
sounds, the accented vowel governs tbe po- 
sition of tbe consonant slem, 

11. When you have become somewbat fa- 
miliar with tlie consonant stems, vowels 
and dipbtbongs. and have learned to asso- 
ciate ibem witb tbe sounds tbey represent, 
translate Llssod I. Tbe Iranslaliou sbould 
be made in writing. IE tbe reporter's note 
book is used, two columns of words may 
be written on eucb page. Beginning on 
Urst page, write on alternate pages, and 
wben tbey are full, turn tbe book so as to 
bring tbe blank pages next you, and write 
tbrougb again in tbe same manner. Tbns 
Ibere will be no space wasted and no neces- 
sity for moving or folding the book at ev. ry 
cbange of page. Copy eacb pbonograpbic 
cbnracter precisely as you find it as to size, 
sbadiugand position, and wrile tbe long- 
band equivalent after it. Write tbe s< n- 
tt'Rces at tbe end of tbe lesson across the 
page on alternate lines witb tbe translation 

12. Do not copy a pbonograpbic outline 
until you know what word it represents, 
else you will be likely to write it incor- 

13. Always wrile the consonants first. 

14. Write borizoulal stems from left to 
right. /, and tbe straight stem for n up- 
ward, {1! is written at nn angle ot 30° from 
tbe line to distinguish it from CIl). nil the 
other .stems downward. 



^ <-- ^^ ^_^ ^ 


A-- An or And..'. The ......Ah 

O Oh or Owe ../ . Awe I .... 


J -^ \. . 

v r 


>• ). 


A "Ticker" that Ticks. 
The combinittion of a typewriter and or- 
dinary telegraph instrument by means of 
which a typewritten copy may be made by 
striking the keys of the instrument at the 
otberend of (he wire, hns been invented by 
J. W. Winville. Tbe transmitting machine 
also makes a copy of the message. The 
promoters of the machine intend that it 
shall take tbe place of the telephone among 
business men. Unlike the broker's "ticker." 
it prints on a, broad sheet, and its mcssHges 
are absolutely secret, as the sending opera- 
tor can cut all the instruments out of a cir- 
cuit, except the one upon which he desires 
to record tbe message. The receiving ma- 
chine works automalically. Any one who 
can work a typewriter can send a message. 
— fosmopulUaii Sl.yilhandei: 




Standard Typewriter. 


We etinrnntee the siipertority of our machine. 
them unbroken at any time withtn 30 days C. O. D. 
f(ir fiill price paid if not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
Illustrated pamphlet and tiainpte book of papers on 

327 Broadway, New York. 

Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washington St. 

Washington. Le Droit Building. 
Baltimore, 9 N. Charles St. 
Minneapolis, 12 Third St. 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis, 308 N. Sixth St 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E. Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
London, 100 Gracechurch St., corner 
Leadenhall. r-ie 





'lie Ijest Typewriter for office work wli 

speed Is required." 


Awarded the onljr Gold Uedal. 

The Haminond Typewriter Co., 

75 and 77 Nassau St.. N. Y. 

SI iOOb plete^^oi 
pupllK, suoh ux not« books 
mk>tand, eto,, etc., will be 
preasaee prepaid, to any part of tl 
on receipt of SI. 60. Addre&« 

Broadway, Ni 

}ox containing com- 
tfit for Shurthaud 
penciis. pens, rubber 
-— —stpatd, or ex- 
Uiilted SUt*-ti 


TEACHEHS learned shorthand, vaca- 
Ifona. ami secured positions at doable 
former salaries. Book and instruction 
by uialL to master It, SO. Bouk.Sl. 
[ by I.WMin'aduatcs. D. L. Scorr-BnowNis, 


iWELL & HICKCOX'S School of Shorthand, 
iS School St.,»n, Is the leadtutf Aman- 

s Traiulne Solioul Id New Kntflaud, and one 
. of Ita kind where a really 
BducalioH can be obtained. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour. 


-■*'iliou8ancls of 

r(.'nders tbere 

^l5 iircsomewlio 

place llie fif- 
ty quotations 
found below. 
But wbo Hre 
Tliat is wbat we would like 
to know. It will be worth n year's sub- 
scription to tlie first person wbo sends us a 
correct list, makinj^ time allowanco of 
course, for diatnnce. 

Tbisissucli a literature lesson, perbaps, 
as The JouiiNAi,'8 readers have not bad in 
a Ions time. One has to be pretly well 
versed in liternture to go through the list 
without au error. The quotations were ar- 
ranged by the New York Oommercial Ail- 
ncrtuier. Wbo wrote tbem 'i 
I The glory tlmt wna Orcece 

And the Rraiideur tliat was Runie. 
a. A ^I'wslli) liy llio river's brim 

. Ood Tavors ttio Imavlest battalions. 
I. Eternal viirl'anoe l9 tho i-rice at liberty 
I. rildleintlielaatdiloh- 
I. Beginning of the end, 
. Ood made the country 

And man made llie town. 
I. I came. I saw, I conquered. 
1. Wheu found, mako a note of. 
. Sparkling; and bright. 
,. Theii-R not to raalie reply, 

Thelra uot to reason why, 

Theirs Imt to do and dio. 
I. Tbiui Bayst an undisputed thing 

. AUraanltind love a lover. 

I, Nearer, my God, to Thee. 

I. Curses are like youne chtckeiis. 

And still come home to roost. 
. Truth crushed txi earth shall rise atrain. 
. He bulldod better than ho knew, 
, o, for the tonoli of a vanished hand. 

And the sound of a voice that Is still ! 
, The iieatiiig of my own heart 

Was all ibe sound I heard. 
. 'Will you walk Into myparlor*" 

Said the spider to the liy. 
. Standing wllli r^jjuctant feet 

Where llie brook and river meet. 

Womanhood and ohildhuod fleet. 
. When he's forsaken. 

Withered and sliaken. 

What can an old man do but die t 
, Though lost to Bight to memory dear. 

Who stole the livery of the court of Heaven 

. A thing of beauty is a joy forever. 

. But evil is wrought by want of thought 

As well as want of heart. 

None knew thee but to love thee. 

Nor named Ihee but to praise. 

belong thtt spoils of the enemy 


s ihul 

Long, long ago. 
t>. If that be treason, make the moi 

36. Ue touched the corpse of publie 
'And It stood upoD \\a feet, 

37. From Greooland'a loy n 

38. I remember, I r 


Butt^hered'to make a Roman holiday. 


We have met th« enemy and they are ol 


Independence now and independence for 


1 would nut live alway. 


Don't give up the 8ldp. 


For though on pleasure she was bent. 

She had a fnigal uilnd. 


Breathes there k maw with soiil so dead 

Who never to himself has said. 

This la my own, my native land 


Three Bsbers went sailing 

Out into the west. 


Hold tiie fort, for 1 am coming. 


Write me as one who loves his fellowme 


The Almighty Dollar. 

The Hen HHtl Egg Question. 

Now here is another and an easy one. 
But it has been milking a deal of fun forlbe 
readers of the daily papers. The proposi- 
tion is : If a hcn-and-a-hulf lay au egg-and- 
a-half in a day-nnda-half, bow many eggs 
would six-and-a-balf bens lay in seven-and- 
a-half days? 

A little simple problem of this sort of 
course will not bother the bright young 

people who read Tde Journal. Send tn 
your answers. No algebra. The hen in 
(jucslion is a plain, every day barnyard ben, 
wiih no pretensions to auxiliary T's and co- 
eAicients (though it must be admitted that 
she knows a thing or two about eggs, if not 
about X's.) 

Mnxliiiillmu itiul Carlota. 

The Emperor gave early attention to 
llie condition of the 6.000,000 Indians 
included in the population of his Em- 
pire, and toolc measures to belter 
tbeir condiiion. He issued a decree 
emancipating the peons — the victims of a 
curious system of slavery peculiar to Mexi- 
co — which, however, proved ineiTectual in 
the end, though it sbowed ibe excclleuce of 
his motives and that he was not the despot 
be is so often accused of being. His govern- 
ment was absolute monarchy, it is Irue, but 
it was scarcely more autocratic than the re- 
public which preceded it or that which now 
exists in Mexico. lu the extent of their 
chariiiesthe young sovereigns were not to 

glC sitting, although he polished it later in- 
to its present fnrni. And what is true of 
that one poem applies to hundreds of other 
short productions of great minds. A pcnful 
of ink can do much and has done much in 
making the world's history, but that pencil 
can do more, for it is as the bottle is to the 

Having now learned Low the water is 
drawu into the air, let iissee how and why 
it comes down again as rain or snow or 

There is a singular thing about this 
moisture, which is this, the nir will bold 
only a certain ((uanlity of it, and 
that quantity depends upon the temper, 
ature of the nir. But warm air alwnys 
holds more tbau cold ; sn, however 
warm the air may be, or however much 
moisture it may contain as invisible vapor, 
WG have only to cool it enough and the 
vapor condense, as we say ; that is, it be- 
comes visible, first as fog or mist, and then 

lint ninnf suffcrrii tm tlje Iobb 
nf Ijmt lulj0 v\n& ttirattgljl 00 
rnntrfitl\T tl7rimn,lj soviinrvg 
^riirjs fit its br^t lirljalf, tut 

nrt*n irpnurii ut 

ONE, OP n^i KIlHD'fSl!^ 

MOST U§'lP^l£'.>^ra'W 

toljaae iinlp tntrrrat jxt all times tuasTar 

\\]t brat publtr, aa lurll aa i\]t bret pri- 

bate bntf ftl, ani mlja Ijaii but uae miaaimx npan 

mrtktn ^rrue faifljfull^ tlje 6ag anb gmfrattcnt 

mtuljirlj l|? \xtitb,m\ii tljta \\t hxh \xxi\]t ittllrifsg 


Al-ti- HIS MIGHT. 

he outdone. The amount of money ex- 
pended in public and privule benevolence, 
could it be estimated, would astonish the 
reader. Among the lasting monuments to 
the goodness of Carlota*s heart, is the Cam 
de Afaternuhul (lying-in hospiljil), in the city 
of Mexico, built and equipped at her ex- 
pense. This excellent charity alone would 
justify the love displayed and still existing 
for the beautiful but unforlunate Empress. 
—ArlhuT noward Noll, in The American 
Manmincfor April. 

Thouglifs Failli 

Have you ever held au uncut lead pencil iu 
your baud and allowed yoiir imagination to 
revel in the possibilities of that little piece 
of wood? In hands of those entirely great, 
bow much that small piece of cedar and 
lead can do ! Without resbarpenlng, it can 
voice the sentiment of some political jour- 
nalist ill a paragraph which may change 
the rourse of bis party, bring new men and 
new measures before the country and per- 
haps change its form of government. With 
an inch or so of it " Tbanatopsis " could 
have been created for the story goes 
thai the school boy Bryant wrote it at a sin- 

as drops of water, such as we see on the 
pitcher. And the reason we ?ce a whitcfog 
rising at night, after the sun goes down, is 
only because the water, which has been 
evaporating all day and going up into the 
air as invisible vapor, becomes condensed to 
fog by the cooling of the air when the sun's 
heat is withdrawn. When the sun rises, 
the fog disappears ; but the vapor still 
ascends, and when it reaches the altitudes 
where the air is always cool, it becomes 
condensed again as fog. only it is then 
called " clouds," And if it becomes con- 
densed enough to form in drops of water, 
they fall, and it " rains "; or perhaps, it 
snows, for snow is but frozen rain. — From 
" Wbat Makes It Hain ?" hy George 1*. 
Merrill, in St. Nit^fwlax for April. 

Out of the shadow some enterprising men 
bad conslructed. with the aid of two or 
three chairs and several pairs of shears, a 
barber's shop al fresco ; and asses and 
asses and peasants, as Ihey traveled in and 
out through the city gate stopped at this 
establishment to be shaved. For it is an 
important item in the care of Spanish don- 

keys that ihey should be shaved as to the 
back in order to make a smoother resting- 
place for a man or pannier. So while the 
master held the animal, one of the bnrhera 
plied some enormous clacking shears, and 
littered the ground with mouse-colored hair, 
leaving the beast's belly fur-covered below 
n fixed line, and for a small additional price 
executed a raised pattern of star points 
around the neck. The tonsorinl profession 
is au indispensable one in a country where 
abaving the whole face is so generally prac- 
ticed among all the humbler orders not to 
mention toreros and ecclcsiaatles. But the 
discomfort to which tlie harher's customers 
submit is astonishing. 

The rainbow is one of the atmospheric 
phenomena tliat have been moat gcneially 
personified. Peoples of almost every part 
of the world have ma<le of it a living and 
terrible monster whose most venial offense 
is llial of drinking up the waters of springs 
and ponds. This belief is found among the 
Burmese. Zulus. Indians of Washington 
Territory, ancient Mexicans, and Finns, 
and exists among the popidar fancies of the 
Slavs and Germans, and sonic of the French 
populations. The Zulus and the Karens of 
Burmnh imagine that the rainbow spreads 
sickness and death. The Karens, when 
they see one, say to their children: "The 
rainbow has come down to drink; do not 
play, for fear that harm may come to youl" 
Very singularly, too. the street boys in Vol- 
hynia run away, crying, "Run, it will 
drink you up 1" In Dahomey, the rainbow 
is regarded as a heavenly serpent, DanJt, 
which insures happiness. The modern 
Greeks bold it to be a beneficent but just 
and severe hero; they say that anyone who 
jumps over a rainbow will change sex at 
once; but this saying, which is also current 
in Alasce, is only a picturesque way of in- 
dicating the impossibility of transforming a 
man into a woman, or a woman Into a man. 
The Delians offered cakes to the rainbow, 
and the Peruvians put its image ou tbc 
walls of their temples. The Caribs con- 
sidered its appearance on the sea a favorable 
presiige; hut on the earth its influence was 
pernicious and they hid from its view. It 
was personified hy a viper. — i*Vom " Pi-imi- 
tive Worship of Atmosplieric Phenomtna,*' by 
Count Goblet d' Alviella, in Pojvular Science 
MontMyfor May. 

The average child, returning from school, 
nn cnlcriog the bouse calls, "Mammal" 
The mother, perhaps, replies, " Ye&l " 
■ 'Where are you?" is the next question, and 
tlie reply informs the child not only as to 
the floor, but as to the room in which the 
mother can be found. The child cannot de- 
termine its mother's location by the sound 
of her voice. This exaggerated instance 
may be owing to the reflection of the sound, 
not only from the walls, but from the strata 
of air differing iu temperature and humid- 


How many of us going to the next street, 
rimning at right angles to the car-iracks, 
can tell, from hearing the bell of the ap- 
proaching street-car before the car romes in 
sight, whether that car is going noyh or 
south? It does not seem that animals can 
determine the direction of sound much bel- 
ter than man. Tbe sleeping dog roupcd hy 
his master's call, is all abroad as to his mas- 
ter's location, and determines it by sight or 
sccDl. or both, frequently running in sev- 
earl different directions before bitting the 
right one. The deer, on being startled by 
tbe unseen hunter's tread, is not nlwaya 
right in his selection of tbe route to get out 
of harm's way. A flock of gersc, ducks, or 
other birds, on bearing a gun. is as likely to 
liy toward as from the sportsman, if he has 
kept entirely out of sl'^ht, and tbe flash of 
bis piece has not been seen. — Prom "Sound- 
Hiyniilsat Sea," by Arnold BuTges Johnnon. 
It Popular Science Monthly for May. 

Kverybody is pleased with our new I'rc 
mlum schedule. Its intlucenicnlR are such 
that they can't help being. The full list is 
in the February number, and you should 
keep a copy for reference. .We can send 
you an extra copy for ten cents. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 


. FulWu St.). Nbw Yo 

Tk« Joiimal't Oeneral Agent fnr Canada Is A .1. 
Smali. whote heailquartrrn are 19 Grand Optra 
llouf!», Toronto. EUloK Frawr. Secretary " drcU df 
la SaUe." Quebec. iP. Box ie41. i* ipeciai agent for 
that city and pfdnUy, The JntcmatUmal Newi Cb.. 
II Bouveru Strett iJfTeet Strtet), London, are itt 
fortign agentt. 

r February number c 
talDing Five Ptigept c 
■KluceiuentH. while \\ 



Quality— Quantity 

VfiandUr 11. Pei,e 

Dou-t Drop Your Pen 

Living Monarclis of Europe. 

" Lwxy " Monks' Smart I'en- 

rhe Ji.uraHl'g Literary I'rize; PhUosophic 
Bnd DootriQalre Dlsuusslons on Penman- 
ship; The Season of SuhonI Convention-: 
An Uiiifjue SuKgestiou as to WriUng 

lite from Mrs Packard 

The B. E A- of A wltli Nute from Mr pH<.l:ar;i ~i 

The American LunguiiK'f . rut-Kam ^4 

Tub EDiTon's SciiAr H.iOK ..,.." 74 

JopHNALrPTEa 75 




Portrait of Henry T. l^omis lia 
KxerciBes anrf Copies for Writing i,esson ■.■.; «5 

Engl aved Letter by U. T. Loomfs «- 

Portraltof Mrs. L H, Packard '" ,w 

Woi-dB Distinguished (full pace) ' " mi 

Other Phonograi>liicSorliit - 

Speolmen Page of Euitrnsscd Album '71 

Peu Work by K. L, Burnett i,, 


Speolinens by D. W. I'.irley. v P. Zan^r, C. 

Specimens by c' F. Jolinson and A D ^ 

Kennedy ' -. 

Fionrlshbyj F. (Ozart -i 

Initial Letters (is'.'m--. 

I nni/ ®""^ ^^'^ "^"^ '^^''T 

LUUIl ""'"ber of THE JOUR- 

NAL. Some Litera 
Features will be added, 
will be one of the Most A 

nd It 


Page 7 1 of ihii 

The Journal's Literary Prize. 

Here is a cliauct for TutJoraSAL's read- 
ers of literary tcDdencies, We offer for the 
best original story or sketch that shall be 
received at our office before August 1st the 
sum of |10 cash, 

The writer may choose his or her own 
subject. The article maybe a descriptive 
piece, a narrative of fact or purely the 
product uf imagination. It must not exceed 
3,000 words, nor be less than 1,500. 

If more than one acceptable article be re- 
ceived as the result of the contest, such as 
the editor deems fit will he printed and suit- 
able compensation given. Of course if no 
article worthy of The Jouknal'!* columns 
is received, no money will be paid. All re- 
jected articles will be returned. 

This is H good chance for an ambitious 
young person, and who knows but it may 
start some struggling, deserving boy or girl 
on the road to fame and fortune as a writer? 

The only condition that we make is that 
the competition is limited to subscribers for 
The .Journal. 

Editorial Comment. 

The HENiAi. philosopher from Keokuk 

sheds more electric light in this number 

on the much veaed. over^perplexed ques- 

TiTK j-inNATUBE atlftchcd to ilr. Loomis' 
specimen in this issue, we are informed by 
that gentleman, is a facsimile of the autc- 
graph of the late President Garfield, written 
for Mr. Loomis on Jainiary 2S, 1881. 

We ua^'E received and had pleasure in 
examining the fi-sl number of the weekly 
Pen Art Herald. puhVished by W. D. Sliu- 
waiter. Cleveland. It is small and compact, 
n liich is a great deal better then being 
large and sprawly. The experiment is a 
unique one and we wish it success. 

The school convention season draws 
uear. The annual meeting of the National 
Educational Association will be held at San 
Francisco, from July 17 to 21. and the out- 
look is for a larger and more enthusiastic 
session than has ever been known. The at- 
tractions of a trans-continental trip (doubly 
attractive with the price of travelling fate 
put down to about the uual cost of a jour- 
ney between New York and Chicago) will 
induce the attendance of many Eastern 
educators who would scarcely have put 
themselves out to go to some intermediate 
point of no particular interest. The Jour 
NAi, will not fail to be represented at this 

We print elsewhere the official announce- 
ment of the next (tenth) annual meeting of 
the B. E. A., at Minneapolis. The plan of 
campaign outlined is a departure from old 
methods and, we think, a departure for 

here, and ihe city has witnessed a most 
marvellous growth in population and activ- 
ity during the past few years. Among the 
interesting natural features may be men- 
tioned the popular lakes, Minnetonka and 
White Bear, the Palls on Minnehaha, and 
in close proximity, the Dalles of the St. 
Croix, the Dells of the Wisconsin, the 
Apostle Islands, etc., etc. The city will 
count itself highly favored in having so 
distinguished a body of business men and 
teachers within its borders, and will en- 
deavor to make some slight return for the 
honor conferred upon it in its selection for 
the meeting." 

Since THE LAST issue of The Journal 
the editor has spent some days in Toronto 
Canada, on professional business. It was his 
first visit for twenty years and he was sur- 
prised at the great progress outlined in the 
evidences of wealth and thrift to be seen 
everywhere in the city. While there he bod 
the pleasure of addressing the .students of 
that flourishing institution of commercial 
training, the Toron'o Business College. 
The following account is from the Toronto 
Bailff Mail :~ 

"A large and appreciative audience at- 
tended the lecture given to the students of 
the Toronto Business College, on Wednes- 
day evening in their lecture room, corner of 
Vonge and Sbuter streets, the lecturer being 
D. T. Ames, of New York city, the finest 
and most artistic penman in the world. He 

tion of "quantity-quality," which is 
only a sort of nickname for "form move- 
ment." We trust that the fraternity has 
been benefited to some extent by the vury- 
ing and multitudinous opipious which have 
been aired in Thk .Fournal by eniineut 
lienmen. And the real fact of it is that 
most of tis penmen agree perfectly on the 
essence of the question, though in detail 
there may be Ihe widest divergence. The 
truth is, we rather respect that the young 
learning public (upon whom we profes- 
sionals are pleased to inflict our notions and 
our hobbies with grent assiduity) are be- 
ginning to be surfeited wiih a discussion 
which smacks so nnich of the doctrinaire. 

Here is a suggestion fnm a Maryland 
correspondent w hich is rather refreshing 
for its uniqueness; — " In looking over your 
March number and reading the article 
headed ' Wriiing at Random' a thought 
occurred to me that may possibly be turned 
to account in teachiug both longhand and 
shorthand. Is it not true that the skilled 
penman/a?«hisway across the paper, re- 
lying on thesenseof touch toagrealextrnt? 
Then why cannot beginners be trained to I 
execute Mr. Kinsley's exercises, for example. ' 
fty peraUtingly tracing them in prepared 1 
groot^»? Habit is everything. Ad old cir- 
cus horse will describe beautiful curves. ' 
they say. on an open lot. I would like to { 
try someboiiy's patent i:roove'J pnper or 1 
parchment on head lines for young phono- 
graphic ponies." j 

Ihe belter. The selections for the chiefs 
of the various schools are all fortunate. 
At the held of the School of Penmanship 
is Prof. C S. Chapman, and the wisdom of j 
the selection cannot be disputed. On the 
whole it looks as though the next session ' 
of the B. E. A. would be a memorable one I 
in the annals of that association. 

Mr. C. C. Curtiss, Chairman of the Exec- I 
utlve C-ommittee, and in whose home the 
meeting will be held, is working with a vim 
and a will to pave the way to a very pleas- 
ant reunion, both in its social and business 
aspects. His associates on the committee, 
Messrs. C. Baylessand A. D. Wilt, arealso 
doing their share of the woik, and the other 
officers are on the alert. The outlook seems 
I very propitious. 

Wequote from the circular of the Associa- 
lion with reference to the attractions of 
Minneapolis, the place of meeting: "Min- 
neapolis is favorably located for the Ccm 
vention. Eastern delegates can take the 
delightful trip on the great lake.-*. Southern 
delegates can enjoy the varied scenery of 
the Upper Mississippi, while the Western 
delegates will have only a short distance lo 
travel. The Metropolis of the new norlh- 
west has been the place of meeting of nu- 
merous conventions during the past few 
years, and offers much in the way of inter- 
est and entertainment to the visitor and the 
business man. The largest flour and lum- 
ber inte-esls in the world are to be found 

dwelt on the advantages young men pos- 
sessed by being good writers, and theinipor 
tance of a good teacher. He was glad lo 
know we had in Toronto a college where 
was kept a profe.^-sional penman. A vote of 
thanks was proposed by Mr. J. M. Crowly, 
seconded by J. Baldwin Hands, barrister, 
whicb was carried unanimously." 

He thought I said yes, but I'm sure I said no. 
My heart was a-beatla^;, my cheeks were aglow ; 
I looked on the frround and I thoushthe would go : 
He thought I said ye3, but I'm sure I anld no. 
Now what oould I doJ For he thought I said yos ; 
He (-at close beside me, and—you'll never guess : 
If yon look at mo so I cannot confess, 
He— I'm sure I B*iid no, but he tbongbt I said yes. 
-A. L. R,, in Century Bric-a-Itrac. 

—Take cure of the truth, and the errors 
will take care of themselves. You may de- 
stroy a hundred hiresies, and yet not estab- 
lish a single truth. But you may, by estab- 
lishing a single truth, put to flight with one 
blow a hundred heresies.— i)f a » SUinku. 

A good commercial teacher, over -JS. in an East- 
ern city; one able to take <:h«rge of a Busiue-s 
College. Good address, undoubted integrity aiiil 
energy. Addrtss, t,tatlng experience, salary 
reqalred and full parttciilurs, 

aOTi Broadway, New York. 

A Note From Mrs. Packard. 

May 7. 1888. 
To the EtUtor of The Journal : 

Sir: — I very much fear lliatyourallusion 
to my sliortband lessons which have ap- 
peared ID The Journal during the past 
eighteen months is misleading. I wish it 
to be understood that I had and have no 
thought nor intention of superseding Mr. 
MuQson's text book, but desire only to 
supplement it and to help students to appre- 
riate it and the system which it presents. 

I should not even have attempted somuch 
but that a necessity was put upon me which 
I could not in honor evade. I undertook to 
edit a Shorthand Department in The Jour- 
nal for one year at the instance and with 
the CO operation of Mr. Munson and Mr. 
Kimball lo whom 1 looked for material aid 
and who kindly assisted me at the begin- 
ning, and have done what they could since 
— particularly Mr. Kimball to whom I am 
under the greatest obligations for his excel- 
lent illustrations. In order to interest your 
readers from month to month, and to in 
duce those who had no knowledge of short- 
hand to begin the study, I felt it necessary 
to have something continuous, and so with 
the consent of my co-workers, I attempted 
the series of lessons which you so extrava- 
gantly commend. As to the innovation 
which you mention as giving the system 
" as Mr. Munson writes it," I can only say 
that I adopted them with Ihe author's con- 
sent, anticipating a revision of the text-book 
which Mr. Munson expected to accomplish 
long before the conclusion of my lessons. 
As to the classifications — which differssome- 
what from any published method — I would 
say that having already published a series 
of lessons in Packard's Shorthand Repm-ter, 
and not wishing to go over the samegrnund 
in the same way, I merely sought a new 
way of saying substantially the same thing. 
If there is any merit in the new present- 
ment, it is incidental ; but I am just as glad 
to know it as if I had intended it. 

I do not at all feel that the lessons are 
complete nor that they in any sense super- 
sede the Munson test-hook. If they serve 
any good purpose in commending the sys- 
tem, and holding pupils to it, I shall feel re- 
paid for my task. Very respectfully. 

L. H. Packard. 

The Editors Calendar. 

cruelly murdered by tlie 
1 iieitnerthe Uiiiled Sta1 

1 (juesiloi 
) iwllcemei 

aeciirity and safety not warranted by the < 
,_ .. Tg article the InT 
■ought to lislit. 

In tbis article the Infernal plottingo i 

is well known in Itlerary. military and social oil 
jles. and many will recognize the writings of on 
whose pen is as powerful sa liis sword. 

—Sa itmer't for May is us bright aud readable s 
lyer. The feature of the uiaKazine ia ihe two a 

) of Pope, his mother and Mariba 
and '1 heresa Blount, and views of bis houBe,gardeij, 
and grotto. Those have been reproduced from 
contemporary prints collected by Mr. Dobson. 
The frontispiece of the number Is from a portrait 

i with a oharmini 

much popularity by sketobes of this t 

i Ntlson Page, who 

_y sketobe- * "' 

throughout is brilliant. 

-The May number of Tht Pmnilar Science Monthly 

8 a strong and promising opening of ila tbiriy- 

(vhich Is a masterly review 

e leadiug Churob Joui 

bject is treated from i 

different standpoint by Prof. Joseph Le . 
„„.!.,. ,..„ ,:.!„ .. q^ijQ K^iaijou of Evolution t 

terialism."' There i 

briKht article by Dr. Ftiix 

■■The Moral Influence of Climate. 

".^?^'^ ^l^ Congeners." byDr, Speo- 
ith lliustralious. New type tsused 
■. having a slightly larger face than 
jives the page a freebcr and clearer 

have just issued " Paiuting , _ ,,., 

Students bv Miss M. Louise McLaughlin, price Si 
This work is the fourth In the series of art manuals 
which they have published from the pen of this 

her books huve been sold I 

work. Everything ti 

The Two Great Compendiums. 

If you are an ornamental penman or ex- 
pect to be. you must have good models, cor- 
rect guides. Vou must become familiar 
with the forms of beauty which the public 
admire and which have a distinct 
cial value. An idea of the canon 
ta8te(whichi8 the essence of all art) is not 
of itself sufficient. You must learn the art 
of studying its master pieces. 

The greatest book ever issued on penman, 
ship, without any question, is the New Spon- 
cerian Compendium. Its covers embrace 
hundreds of examples of penwork which 
are models of beauty. We can supply the 
work, bound complete, for $7.50. But 
while you are at it, it would be well to get 
all you need. The standard work on letter- 

port, la., December 36lh to 30th. 1888 
Penmen wishing special points placed upon 
the programme, to be discussed at that time, 
are cordially invited to send the same to 
B. C. Wood, Chainnnn. Davenport, la. 

—For any imperfect pen found in a box 
of Ames' Best Pens we will send two good 
ones. This offer, however, is not alto- 
gether so liberal, as a person unfamiliar 
with Ames' Best Pen might imagine. They 
are all good, — every pen a prize, no blanks. 


—Words of high praise for E. M. Chartler's Tex- 
as Business College, Pari", Texas, come to us 
thruuglt the Paris DaUy Neit>». 

-W. F. Paisons- Buliicas College, Duluth, has 


^^^Oo^v>^^C^<^?^s.^V^^ ^:^5^ 

ing and general engraving work is Ames' 
Compendium, a handsome volume so large 
that it takes about forty cents to send it by 
mail. The price is |5, and it cost nearly as 
much to make the book. 

These two great compendiums cover the 
whole ground of penwork. They will be 
sent from this office on receipt of $10. 

Western Penman's Association. 

The Executive Committee of the West- 
■n Penman's Association will meet Satur- 
day. June I6tfj, at Dixon, III., for the 
purpose of arranging a programme for Ihe 
third annual meeting, to be held in the 
Iowa Commercial {'ollege rooms, Daven- 

"he Uamilt'in Bnening T\mea devotes nearly t 
nn to an interesting account of the receni 
ng exercises of the Canada Business Colleg>' 
. Gallagher whose handsome face is one ol 

-If C.E.Jones, of Tabor. la.. Isn't the king of the 
automatic pen artistB. who does wear the c^ow^l > 

-Vale; Madarasz. After years of glory and 
lucre as a card writer, he leaves the fleld for pa". 

—The Busiruft World, Detroit, prints the por 
trait and sketch of President M. W. Jewell, of tin- 
Detroit Business University. 

—Joseph Ballhouso has sold his Cleveland, o.. 
Business College to Messrs. Spencer, Pellon and 
LoomU. and the same has been amalgamated wllh 

—Nearly 500 students were enrolled at the South- 
western ttusinesR College, Wichita, Kan., last year. 
E. H. Fritch l8 pritioipal and E. M. Barber, pen- 

— S. .A. D. Hahn, of the Montana Business Col- 
lege, Is responsible for the heading on the Helena 
Sltidfnl. It Is a very clever piece of work, too. 

try and Canada use J. c. Bryant's "Bnslness 
Man's Commercial and Law and Business Forms 
Combined." is edited by Hon. George 
W. Clinton, and la said by experts to be thorough 
in ©very parllcular. 

—Charles R. McCullough for the past two and a 
halt years teacher of Penmanship and Stenography 
at the Ontario Busiuess College, Belleville, Ont., 
ha-o been made principal of the special penmanship 
departmentofthattnslttution as a mark of the ap- 
preciation of his ability by the college managemenl* 
Mr. McCullough Is author of a practical buslnefs 
system of writing which saves him and bis pupils 
a great amount of labor. The hand is devoid of all 
superfluous lines aud meets the requirements of 
the counting house. 

— F. C. Minor and J. N. Campbell have been con- 
ducting at Frankfort, Ind.. a Normal and Bnslness 
Institute. Mr. Minor saj^ that his business col- 
lege la being well patronized. 

—Over thirty young men and women comprised 
the class of '88 of the Ohio Business College, 
Mansfield, Ohio. Tlie twenty-second annual grad- 
uating exercises were held ou March 30th. The 
Mansfield Field and Banner gives a full and flatter- 
ing aooount of the affair. 

—An almost formidable bevy of beauty comes to 
us from Bryant & Straiton School, Boston. It is a 
picture of the type-writing department, and It 
looks as though about one-half of the girls at the 
Hub— red-headed girls and otherwise— were about 
to become typewriter operators. 

—The veteran penman and Commercial teacher, 
D. L, Musselman, proprietor of the big Gem City 
Business College, Qulncy, III., has been In New 
York city for some days In attendance upon the 
Methodist General Conference as a delegate. Thb 
Journal was honored by a call from its friend 
The office latch-string always haugs out. 

—One of the most unlQue designs that wo have 
ever seen comes to us labelled ■ Souvenir Commem- 
orating the publication of 100,000 copies of Will 
liams and Itogers' Rochester Book-keeping." 
Diagonally in the centre of the handsomely en- 
graved card is a miniature cover of this work, 
one side of which is attached to the sheet. 
Within this little cover Is an account between tbe 
100,000 purchasers and the work itself, all eu 
graved in shipshape book keeping form. 

—The class of '88 of the Wllkeabarre, Pa.. Busi- 
ness College, sent out a very tasteful engraved 
invitation to their graduating exercises, which 
occurred on Wednesday evening. April 25th. Sev- 
enty-five young men and women were graduated. 
The invocation was by Rev. Dr. George Frear. 
Hon. Charles D. Foster made an introductory ad- 
dress, and Colonel Rusdell H. Comwell, of Phila- 
delphia, delivered his lecture, "The Silver Crown, 
or Born a King." \V. J. Solly Is the Prinoipal of 
this flourishing institution and W. A. Edwards 
Associate Prinoipal. 

—Anothfr particularly chaste and elegant Invi- 
tation card which Tub Joubmai. has received 
bears the mystic and somewhat mystifying legend 
" 'To the Heights:' Class of '88 retjuests your pres- 
ence at their Commencement Exercises, Friday. 
March 30th. Normal Hall, Glasgow. Ky." 

—While wo are onthe subject of handsome invi- 
tations it will be Inexcusable to omit notice of the 
beautiful card sent by tbe Bryant. Strutton &. 
Smith Business College, Meadvllle, Pa., with a 
message from the class of '88 to attend the 33d an- 
nual commencement of the school on April 26th, 
The card Is executed In a delicate brown, and Its 
figures are superb. There were thirty-four gradu- 
ates and an interesting programme of music, 
Npeoking and recitation was enacted. Prof» A. W. 
Smith, the Principal, awarded the diplomas. 

—Packard sends us two little pamphlets which 
mark something of a departure In tbe literature of 
school circulars. Number one is labelled an "Illus- 
trated Circular" and tlie beautiful engravings 
carry out the title in the best sense. The little 
work starts with Ave beautiful page engravings by 
the new MoFS process, showing the school building 
the interior of several departments aud the strong 
face of the proprietor. There are some twenty- 
four illustralious besides, and they are all very 
striking, showing the touth of a true artist. The 
text is Just as good as the pictures and we congrat 
ulate Mr. Packard on having Issued a school olrct'. 
lar which may be read with pleasure by people 
who have not the ^llglitest notion of going to 
school themselves or sending others. The other 
pamphlet is called "Friday Morning at Packard's, ' 
It contains verbatim reports of the " talks " given 
at such times by disttoguishcd people and by the 

vanced shorthand class do the reporting. 

— A good many penmen are availing 
themselves of our offer of the New Spen- 
cerian Compendium bound complete, (price 
#7.50), and the Ames' Compendium, (price 
$5.00) for $10. The combination gives a 
saving of ^•Z.50, and the two works are a 
complete penman's library in themselves. 

The B. E. A. of A. 

President L. L. Williams, of the B. E. A., 
iif A., lias issued tbc following circular: 

Tlie Tenth AuDual Convention of the 
I Iimineflfi Educators' Association of America, 
will beheld in the rooms of theCurtrssCom- 
inerclal College, Minneapolis. Miuu., com- 
mencing Wcdni'sdny, July 18th, and end- 
injj Wednesday. July 25th. 1S88. The 
following' sclio.ils Ii.ivi- l.e.ri ;irninircd for. 
with lliCMk>^i-ri of riLikirn; .a. li one com- 
jilflciu itself, in ili:ii pcrs.iri-- who desire 
tu fnllow up iiny sp<< iiil liiii-..f work or who 
wish to prepare themselves as teachersin the 
branches here taught, can receive instruc. 
tir)n and the most advanced ideas to he had 
ii|)i»n these suhjects, from the best teachers 
in the United States ami Canada. It will 
be -'A Summer School of B-isiness," and 
MO person who is directly intereslcd in these 
iiKirters can afford to miss the opportunity 
here presented. 

I. School of Accounts and Business Prac- 
tice—Chairman, G. W. Brown, Jactison- 
villc. III.: Secretary and Critic. J. E. King. 
Httchestir. N. Y. 

'i. School of Calculations — Chairman. O, 
F. Williams, Rochester, N. Y.; Secretary 
and Critic, K. E. Gallagher, Hamilton. On. 

H. School of English and Correspoudence 
—Chairman, Mrs, Sara A. Spencer, Wash- 
ington. D. C. 

4. School of Penmanship— Chairman, C. 
S. Chapman, Des Moines, Iowa. 

.'). School of Civics — Chairman, R. C. 
Spencer, Milwaukee. Wis.; Secretary and 
Critic. W. E. McCord. New York (Mly. 

I), School of Shorthand and Typewriting 
—Chairman, Mrs.S. S. Packard, New York 
N- Y,; Secretary and Critic, Mrs. Lizzie 
AsUew-Davis, Jacksonville, 111. 

The Association will devote its forenoons 
to work in theseveral schools; its afternoons 
to papers, reports and discussions in general 
sessions, and its evenings to addresses from 
eminent people and to social enjoyment. 

A Timely ToU<<> from Mr. rnckui-il. 

To the Editar of The Journal: 

Sir:— There is every reason for believing 
that the Convention to he held in Minneap- 
olis in June will he, iu many important re- 
spects, the best yet held by the Business 
Educators of the country. The experience 
at Milwaukee last summer, especially in the 
matter of section work, has opened up pos 
sibilities for the future which, I am glad 
to see, the E.\ecutive Committee has seized 
upon, and propose to utilize for the coming 
Convention. The meetings of the Associa- 
tion hitherto have been open to fair criti- 
cism for their lack of clearly defined pur- 
pose. They have been pleasant and instruc- 
tive, and iu a social way beneficial; but 
there has been some just complaints that 
many very excellent men who in their indi- 
vidual schools have developed new Ideas 
and given them force iu practice have not 
.had the opportunities which they meriied 
to present their methods and get rec- 
ognition and the benefit of counsel thereon. 
The trouble has been that the lime was uol 
economically divided, and little opportunity 
was given for the differeuIiDtereatsto work 
under scparaie arrangemenis at the same 
time. The plan, as given for the coming 
Convention, does away with this difflculty 
entirely, enabling the diflfereut depari- 
mcnls to work simultaneously, and under 
distinct organizations, the results to be 
grouped for presentation to the main body, 
when general discussion can ho had. There 
can be no doubt whatever of the great ad- 
vaouige of this plan, and ibe result will be 
a larger meeting than hitherto, and by far 
more efffctive work. 

1 hiive li< nie the record of the pro- 
rt-ediuga iil Uie Milwaukee Couveutiuu, and 
while it is a tlocumenl which docs honor to 
our profesision, and which every member 
tlureof should deem woithyof a place in 
bis library, it is easy to see how much more 
valuable a document would be which 
should contaiu the mirre positive and dir. ci 
work of the sections. If the Commillee 
shall he fort\inate enough to make a w ise -li- 
vision of labor and to secure full and accurate 
reports of the work done iu the s« ctioua and 
if the Convention ahull show suificieiit 

public spirit to procure the publication of 
llic entire proceedings, I am free to say that 
our effort will receive such an impetus as 
has never before been given to it. The time 
has come when we should show our baud 
in a way not to be mistaken. If it is true 
that we represent the most available thing 
in American education, there is nothing 
that wr do which should not be well done, 
and our workshould berated upon its merits. 
We shall thus be able to get rid of many 
cnide idefl-<t, and to take on all that is best in 
theory and practice. 

There is one department of our work 
which seems just at present to be taking on 
an importance which it has hitherto lackei, 
and that is the Department of Civics, which, 
as at present devised, embraces also Lan- 
guage. It is hard to define just what this 
depariment should be; but I can see evi- 
dences on all liands that it is destined to 
grow and develop into something positive 
and permanent. Our schools have suffered 
greatly in the public mind from a lack of 
breadth in our curriculum; and while it has 
notbeen.norwillit be possible to bring them 
up in this respect toany just comparison with 
clas.sical schools and colleges, there arc some 
things that can be done to greatly 

The American Language. 

It has berelt)f(ire been the belief held by 
philosophers and thinkers from the earliest 
limes that language is an evolution growing 
in development as human thought needed 
a vocal vehicle for expression. Savage 
tribes with an extremely limited range of 
ideas, and whose actual transactions of 
daily life embraced only the simplest iacis, 
would necessarily have need for an ex- 
tremelysimple andscant language. As they 
might advance in civilization and culture, 
they would improve their language to meet 
the necessities of expression. The inven- 
tion of alleged universal languages by the 
act of asingle individual sets all the laws of 
linguistic evolution at naught, and can 
therefore accomplish nothing useful in any 
large sense. The history of the English 
language presents a great number of facts 
which illustrate this evolution. Since no 
race so far as known possesses an indigen- 
ous or original civilization, but has always 
learned from some external and superior 
source, so there is no language which is 
complete iu itself, developed from indigen- 
ous roois without admixture from the ex- 
terior. The English tongue, composed as 
it is of many diverse elements, has long 

\ -W. o. Christie, 
poan, Poiishkeep:*li 




their usefulness, as well as their hold upon 
the public regard; and one of the most 
available and useful of these things is the 
instruction coming properly under the title 
of Civics. Tliis would embrace not only a 
knowledge of the history of tbc country, of 
its forms of government, local, state and na- 
tional; of its great men, political and other- 
wise; hut also of itsinduslrial, financial and 
intellectual growth. Ibe expanse of itscul- 
tivHled area, and all that tends to a better 
knowledge of the country, its institutions, 
and its people. It will he readily seen that 
there is a grent field of legitimate study for 
the eomiuercial schools in this direction, 
whirl), I am free to say. has been almost 
untouched, but which stands ready for us, 
not in any vague seulimeutal way hut sus- 
ceptible of clearly defined limits and ready 
adaptation. 1 am glad to know that this 
subject in some form will recei-e more than 
ordinary atteniion at the hands of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee and of the Convention 
iistlf; and on the whole, I must say that 
there seems to be no duubt thai we are to 
have at Minoenpolis such a Convention as 
any body of educators may be proud of. 
8. S. Packard. 

S|Kcially made to our order abroad and 
imported. A triumph of the penmaker's 
an Ames' Best Pen, 35 cents a box. 

been uudergoing the processes of evolution 
which must continue to operate for a great 
period in the future, so that the day will 
come when the language will be as different 
from the English of to-day as is our lan- 
guage from that of Chaucer. In America 
the development must take to itself forces 
and forms which will never come into oper- 
ation in the mother country, and finally 
through their intervention we will have a 
distinctively American language. It is im- 
possible to formulate an American language 
until we cease to have constant and exten- 
sive accessions of foreign immigration; un- 
til, indeed, we can assimilate and absorb all 
the admixture of foreign blood. Then we 
will have an American race, then we will 
have American language. Noah Webster 
was its great forerunner. — New OrUam Pic 

\i oriQii the 

wliw luke liolil of oi 
ir aud upwards- NV 
Li on the hiKhwiiy u> fa 
i. No 8i>vclal ttblHty < 
1 live at liome and do tlj 
II, should you vuiiuiud 

— Weare handling a large line of tpt^iainea used 
t»y penmen, tbut we ure neliiriK irry low. It will 
imy you to aeutl for full uunlcuton at once, H B 

The Editor's Scrap-Book. 

lie nccompllslied young pen- 
sends os n variety of apeci- 
fcneiij", Inoluding e«rcl work, bualnosj writing ami 
Iflourishlng. wliloh are excellent to a degree. The 
lyoung man who gives to hts «rt sm-h fHithfiil at- 
tention as Is wvlneed In Mr. Christie's ppn produe 
tlons is In every t^ense deservUig of a llhtrnl pat 
ronage from the pubUo. We also hHVe s. 
Columbus, Ohio, 
ymmetry and easy grace are alnio'^t fRtillh) 

spcelmeris ol I11IIIFI!IIIII|P. whirl 
mostly to feathers, i-onif from S. E. Bartow, i 
laryof the Ohio Builness University, Clevelaiul: 
(and this time It Is a red bird) also from E. M. 
Chartier. of the Pari;.. Texas, Businc-s Oollege. 
who rolnfori^es the flourishing with some excellent 
■cript; G. (). Brown, Wllleratown, Pa., who aub- 
mils H swan In maeentu; 0. M. Paul, Penman. 
Washlnelon College, Tacomah, Washington Ter- 
ritory : Q. J. Kretohner. Cleveland. Ohio; B. A, 
Hull, LoitdTiaport, Indiana, Business College: K. H. 
Itoliiiis. Jacksonville. Illinois, Business College, 
and s. s. MoCrum. The two last named iil!>o sub- 
mit apiolmens of card work, and Mr. MeCrum Is 
credited with a club. 

—While on thn subject of card work we want to 
say that you would have to scraiie the continent 
wlib n Hue tooth comb to Hud anyone who can sur- 
pass A. W, Dakin, of Syracuse. The clean. ori>p. 
easy stroke of his pen over the paste bourd leavt a a 
line wliicli for delicacy and beauty can scarcely be 

—George Sutton, the sevenleen-year-old student 
of J. M. Mehnn, of the f'apllal City Commercial 
College, Des Moines, Iowa, sends specimens of bis 
card work, which lead as to believe that he Is one 
of the coming card writers. S. W. Tlionuis, Ilazle- 
ton, Indiana, also sends creditable card work, 

—Miss Adra It. Mason. Sanford. Maine, sends us 
a letter, the penmanship of wliiolLwould put some 
of our male penmen to the blushr* 

-A. A. Clark. Superintendent of Writing in the 
public schools of Cleveland. Ohio, sends this mes- 
sage in Irreproachable chlrogrnpLy : "I unhesita- 
tingly pronounce the Pknman"3 Art JocMNiLthe 
leadlngTdyioneut of our profession." S. J. Prid- 
gen, of Moore's Business University, Allanla, 
Georgia, writes that "Thb Jouknai. has always 
been the penman's beat friend." J. U. Mehan, 
proprietor of the Capital City Commercial College, 
Dee Moines, Iowa, rightly says : " As I have before 
stated, I think I am doing my student* a great 

— F. E. Persons, Rushfield, N. Y., submits some 
excellent business capitals. Beaatlful specimens 
of lijiiid engraving come to us from It, s. Boasall. 
Mi'iropiitituu Business College, Chicago. 

- The I'hotograph of a piece of engrossing ex- 
cciihMl by H.,B. Parsons, of the Zanesvllle, Ohio. 
Business t ollege, reflects the highest credit on that 
gentleman's ingenuity and laate of design, and Ms 
leoliiilcil skill of execution. It Is refreshing to see 
such work. Chos. O. Winter, Hartford, Connecti- 
cut also sends us a photograph of avery creditable 
piece of engrossing executed by himself. 

-We have from that youthful veteran, J. W 
Swank, Washington, D. C. a pen photograph of 
Hon, Hugh S. Thompson. jVssistant Secretary of 
the Treiisurv, with embeUlshment of setting that 
makes it a very agreeable picture. Another plio- 
tographed piece of eugrosaing comea from F. O 
Holmes. Pall River, Mass. 

— W. E. Dennis sends an elegant example of 
flourishing which we regret cannot be reproduced 
by photo-engraving. 

\ ' 1^ '■ iioii Junction. Iowa:H. T. 

' ' iiiisinei^s College, Cleveland, 

'"■ vv Dakin, Wells' Commercial 

' ' V , wllh club; P. P. Russell, 

'' '^ ~ ' ' 'I'ue, St, Louis, Mo.; George 

■'-i ' i ■>' iii:-'an: C. N. t^randle. North- 

.T], i;i,M.- l'."-i'i.-.r,,llege. Dixon, III., with club; 
S. ( . Williams, Spalding's Commercial College. 
Kansas City, Mo., witholub. 

C. J. Price, Mllllgun, Tennessee, Business Col 
lege, with olnb; F, W. Tinker, CSreenfield, N 11 ; 

less Business College, Dubuque, Iowa, with 
.lolm Kockwood, Natkk, Mass. ; W. A. Phillip-, 
St. Thomas, Out.. Business College; E. M. Barber. 
Southwestern Business College, Wichita. Kansi.s 
J. ('. Blanton, Hardeman, Ga., with club. 

Marcus H. Pox. 1(0 Nurfolk .Sireet. New Voik 
W. H. Slirawder, penman, Hlohraond. Indiana , 
Business ('ullege, with club ; Charles Wandlcss. 
I'liwburgh. Pa.; C E. Penny, penman, Detroii. 
MlchiKHu;P. A. Ilromatko, Cedar Rapids, lowu ; 
11. C, Ingram, IrvlnKttm, Cal., with club; A, F- 
stnli-barticr. Fort Dodge. Iowa. 

J M Vlnient, Chicago, wIlU club; C. R. Wells. 
W.-llsToN.M.eri-iul i;.\W;-.-. Syniius.-, N^w\uik," 

club ; C 


— The remarkable fiuisb of Arncrican pa- 
pers places lliem alifjid of any made else- 
wlipre in theworhi. Tliecxct'llent properties 
of tlie paper are imparted by the addition of 
a mineral railed u<;nlil]i. Il is a silicate of 
magnesia, and is fibrous, resembling in tbis 
respect asbestos. Lnr^^'e nmoimts of it arc 
fouod in tbc United Slates. This substance 
does not seem to be found as yet in olber 

— An esteemed young correspondent 
wrili's us that he bas been practicing for 
anine time on Pulman A Kinsley's " Series 
of Lessons in Plain Writing," and has de- 
rived great benefit therefrom. His wriling 
bears witness to ihc fact. This is a work en- 
titled to the largest measure of success. It 
has two, enerpfetic. capable young men be- 
hiim it — how can it hcl|) succeeding ? 

— It is said that 40 per cent, of all the 
deatiis from poison in Great Britain are due 
to opium, and tbis rate of mortality, accord- 
ing to Dr. WynterBlythe, " arises in agreiit 
measure from the pernicious practice, both 
of hard-working English mothers and the 
baby-farmer, of giving infants 'soothing 
syrups,' ' infants' friends.' and the like, to 
allay restlessness and keep them asleep dur- 
ing the greater part of their existence." It 
has been calculated that one preparation 
alone is the undoubted cause of death of 
150,000 children every yenr. 

— The University pianos and organs which 
we advertise are ngted for iheir remarkable 
purity of tone and for their wearing quali- 
ties. Considering the usual price of standard 
goods of this kind, these instruments are 
offered at an astonishingly cheap figure. The 
secret, though, lies in the fact that the com- 
pany does not have to pay half the purchase 
money over to drummers and agents. 

—The gypsies of Transylvania, according 
to a writer in Blnrkwood's Magasinc, teach 
young bears to dance by placmg the animal 
on a ^heet of heated iron, while the trainer 
plays on his fiddle a strongly accentuated 
piece of dance music. The bear, lifting up 
Its legs alternately to escape the heat, invol- 
untarily observes the time marked by the 
violin. Later on the heated irou is sup- 
pressed when the animal has learned lis les- 
son, and whenever the gypsy begins to play 
on the fiddle the young bear lifts its legs in 
regular time to the nuisic. 

—Penman's badges, pins and all that sort 
of thing are made by Henry Hart. Atlanta, 
Georgia. We have been advertising his 
business a long time and Ijave never heard a 
complaint as to his reliability or prompl- 

— Sixty-six parchment MSS., estimated to 
he worth about $260,000, were recently 
stolen from the National Library in Paris. 
Among them were diplomas of Charles the 
Fat, Olho. and the Emperor Loui.'', and 
charters of bishops and lords of Lorraine, 
Burgundy, Champagne, and Languedoc. 
Having obtaimd a clue to the theft, the po- 
lice searched the apartments of a man 
named Chevreux and recovered all the 

—"Wright's Business Methods" is at- 
tractinga good deai;of attention among husi- 
ness students. It is said to be a very thor 
ough work. 

—A vellum MS. of the sixteenth century, 
valued at $12,000, Inis been added to tbc 
Lennox Library, New York. The work 
was executed for Pope Paul III. (Cardinal 
Alessandro Farnese), for his own use. It 
contains six paintings by Giulio Clovio. a 
famous arti-it of ihe time. The compositions, 
which are eighteen by fifteen inches in size, 
represent the "Adoration of the Shepherds," 
■' The Sermon on the Mount." * Saint Peter 
Holding the Keys of Heaven Given by 
Chri.Ht," "The Itesurreclion," "The De- 
scent of the Holy Ghost," and "The Day of 

—It is said th)it a gallon of ink is used 
daily io the Unitetl Slates Senate. Senator 
Evarts must wrie a sentence or two every 
day.- Bto«fe>n Globe. 

—Wherever there is a strictly confiden. 
tialcomuuinlcalion, n cipher code may be 
use<l to a'ivanlagc. .1. C Halsted has put 
tbis idea into a b.iok which is having an 
iuiuioDse ^ale. His advert! 
number of The Journal. 

— The French autboritie 

; of < 

i for ( 

ing information from war ships at sea to 
certain stations on land, and with this ob- 
ject have fitted up on the St. Louis a dove- 
cote, painted the most gorgeous colors, in 
order to permit the birds to recognize Ibeir 
home from a great distance. 

— It is estimated that to collect one poimd 
of honey from clover 03.000 heads of clover 
must be deprived of nee ar and 3,7.')0,000 
visits from bees must be made. 

— The seedless raisin is produced by sim- 
ply arresting oueof the processes of nature. 
When the grape is about onehalf ripe the 
end of the vine is hent down and buried in 
the ground. This prevents the formation of 
seed and the full development of the fruit, 
but it ripens all the same, and has a delic- 
ious flavor. 

—There are several institutions about in 
the country which give to thestudent a well 
rounded commercial training by means of 
correspondence. There is an unlimited 
number of schools that pretend to do so. 
The first correspondence business college in 
Ihe field, we. believe, was the Bryant & 
Strattau, at Buffalo. It has been there ever 
since growing with the years. It is reliable 
and thorougli and worth patronizing. 


salary, e 

islilp bnokkeepliifT. 

pi-tcnt teacUor of po?i- 
sepliijr. Andreas. i.tutiiiB 
P.O. Box 194. Uouie, UH, 


readers of Tt 
^Ic, iinill furilii 


Penman's Badge. 



Tell all \ouv 
About 1 


?????>>??? -J > ? 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


Ity means of direct Peraoniil Corres|><.n(leiice. 

The First School of its kind in America. 

Terrilorv anU uearly ail British ArMi-ict 
The Course of Study and Practit 

I I'rovincfi. 
: includes 










|y|AKE^ YpUR^OWN INK.-The Wai- 
flowine, Jet-black wiUIiik Ink In the world \vm 
not eon-ode the pen Cheaper than any fii-aVolas^ 
niiid Ink. AiMO violet, scarlet and red powder-, 
equal in every reape<t lo the above. If your sta 

ir^,t.s U. one t'lJloa ontilf, ' Uii 
i^l for stylotTanhio imil fountain ni-n* 
KtYsand Inknfor blank-book inanuf-ic niti-. 
\h y W.VLl'dLE DYE & ClIEMIiAL 
S; .nip..ri.nH uml mamifacturers of ev.-ry 

make frr 


A Breech Load- 
ing Gun? 

A Flobert Rifle? 

A Fine Cold 

A Photographic 

A Standard Col- 
umbia Bicycle? 

See the Journal's 
New Premiuin List. 



Sent by mail for price. Corrcaimndenoe i 
)«*ioriptlvc circulars free. 

193 Sewji iacliiiie Free 


Clruulor and simiik- wrltinj*. KftEt ' 

3-12 J. W. STOAKES. HllaD. O. 

A Uoy Hlio ciiii'l own a bfaiitiful $|i) 
bicycle now {by working for Thk Joi-rnai 
Lasn'l much snap and push about biui- 
has lie ? 

Who will get 
the Remington- 

We know one teacher who 

A boy who can't own a 

beautiful $1 GO. Bicycle 

now (by workingfor 

the Journal) hasn't 

much snap and 

push about 



AK I ,JOl'l{.\.VI. 





mnaTiahip experta use no other after they have trieU It. 


Ip,. i„.r ..nitr f.. II, H leaillnf English pen-makers, we didn't «sk fur the cheapest 

I -.( I -. 1 h. I, -,1 inatertal octairable." our Instruoilonx read, "pat your mo 

I 111, hBnd-plck and polish our pens, so that you can warranter 

' iMione. Is It any wonderlhattheoutput is theTCrybestslee 

iit-i lull ••! L<:»[iiu..iiiiils weqaote ihefullowing: 
Xhu Ne riuo Ultra uf Pens. 

rites J. p. Medager, professional 

, Jacobs Creek, Pa. : 

• Ames' Best Pens received. I do not Amts' Best Pen. 

wonder tbat your expectation has been ■• Tbe Besf'i 

surpassed. It is ceriainly a superior pen. the title 
being flue pointed, durable, flexible and American Pen Art Hall. Woosej; Ohio. 

UusuriinsHed for General Work. 

" Having very thoroughly lested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, lean fay wiih 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
panicular, and hereby commend tbem touil 
dcBiiing a smooih, easy and lastingpeu." 
K. L. Burnett. 


LeHMons in Fluin Writing." 

" I have giveti Ames* Best Pen a 
borough trial and take pleasure in recom 
ncfidiug it as first cliiss in every respect." 


Minneapolis. Minn. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
hat Ames" Best Pens are excellent. I have 
,mber of my special penmanship 
Ludeuts try them, and all expressed tbem- 
eives as highly pleased." 

W. J. Kinsley, 
Shenandoah, la. 

Mefts His Dnqniillfled Appruval. 

Ames' Best Pen meets wilh my hearty 
ind unqualilied approval. In fact I am de- 
iglilid, I have Ion p siijbfd for just such a 

,,■11 |--nrlrr--rH j,|. :;.r^ fir'<i $1 , for wMcb 


UlfitanceB bII Competitors. 

" Araes' Best Pens beats all I have eve 

had before." P. B. S. Pktehs. 

P}'oJ'es8or of Penmanship, St. Joseph, Mo. 

"For a pen that combines tbe essential 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing and 
artistic pen work. Ames' Best is superior to 
! ever used." A. C. Webb. 

and Artist, Na^hviUe, Tenn. 

iny lb 

trial and have c 
they are indeed 
the most durable pens'I h: 

les' Best Pens a thorough 
e to ibe conclusion that 
htly named. They 

On tlieTop of tlie Heap. 

' Best Pen meets my highest ap- 

" I like Amei 
Iowa Buiinesi 

' Best Pens very much." 

C. S. Cii^ 
College, Des Moinei 

cents a quarter 1m>x. $1.00 a box. 




Se/wd QarOening. i. e., the planting of 

tens, trees and Jf/ticem on school grounds, 

for educational and btautiff/iiia purposes, is 

'and fibly treated In Tlie American 



FREE ! „ , 

, half shni 
tiful, A month of water lilies is expected 
soon atid later tbe fruits will hold first 
place, though even now the rarer South- 
ern fruits show forth ia spirited picture 
and learned text, while tbe greenbf>use and 
vegetable garden holds prominent place. 
Indeed it is iienrly a perftcl Garden. 

VtjrunT. Foj; HMU i'oiiwJ'initi ty Penjuylvat.ia. 

Adapted to the wants of prac- 
tical and amateur gardeners and 
fruit <5;rowers. The Amekican 
Garden has stood the test of 
time and receives endorsement 
of all this class in every sec- 
tion and many lands. Though 
costing as inuch and more to 
produce than many $2 and $3 
publications, the subscription 
price of this handsome and prac- 
tical illustrated magazine of hor 
ticulture is only si a year. In 
club with rtnmaHS Jounial for 

E. H. LIBBY, I'ublislior, 
5-8 Broadway. N. Y. 

Your Arithmetic is like all your publica- 
tions, neat, elegant and complete, and 
shows your knowledt;e of book making to 
be large and polished by the baud of ex- 

Principal Bryant A: Siratton's School. 

Boston, Mass. 

We are much pleased with your new edi- 
ion. It is certainly practical, and what is 
leeded in tbe better class of business 


Oem Citv Business College. 
Quincy. 111. 

I have carefully examined ihe New Ar- 
ithmetic, and am very much pleased with 
its arrangement. It is so comprehensive in 
its arrangement of topics, and so clear iu 
its elucidations that it seems to leave noth- 
ing further to be desired. While tbe first 
issue was a model, tbe revision adds cansld 
erable to its value and I congratulate you on 
your success in this line of work. 
A. D. WILT. 

Miami Commercial Cllegc. 

Dayton. Ohio. 

I have been examining your Commercial 
Arithmetic, and find ihat it embodies some 
most excellent features. Tbe maitcr is 
wisely selected, tlic arrangement and pre- 
sentation of it is good. 


Penn. State College. 

I think you must have fully realized your 

anlicipations in theNew Packard Comnier- 

cih! Arithmetic, which is certainly a very 

beautiful book and a work of great merit. 


Detroit, Mich- 
After a careful perusal of the contents of 
your New Arithmetic, we would say that 
we find in it much to praise and very little 
to criticise. Tbe new arrangements of sub- 
jects is very fine. 


Business College. 

Rockford, III. 

It is a very excellent work, and I wisli 
for it as much success as you could desire. 

Sheboygan, Wis. 

Please accept my thanks for the New 
Packard Arithmetic. We have used the 
old edition in our High School two years 
with excellent satisfaction. I have con- 
sidered that by far tbe best work of the 
kind published, and tbe new edition is still 

Superintendent of Schoids, 
Maiden. Mass, 

It is not only handsome without, but 
quite the ideal within. 

National Business College. 
Kansas City. Mo. 



ire confident that the New Arith. 
'ill be welcomed by all earnest edu- 


Business College. 
St. Paul. Minn. 

as fully entitleil to Ibe 
confidence of the community as its prede- 
cessor was. You have only added ont 
more item to your ordinarily invaluabU 


Eastman Business College. 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

the great number of practical esnmplcl 
which have in them elements of facts and 
history not generally known to Ibe student, 
and seldom found in arithmetics. This 
feature alone makes it valuable, as the stu- 
dent will be fumiliarizing himself with 
commercial facts and terms while pursuing 
the science of numbers. I predict its hearty 
reception in our schools. 

New York. 

We use tbe Packard Arithmetic and like 
it because it is practical, and is founded 
upon business customs; because it is com- 
pact, crowding much into small space; be- - 
cause it sticks to its business, giving the 
most instruction and practical fonna for the 
space occupied ; because it is carefully 
graded; aria because the most important 
subjects receive the most attention. The 
mechanical execution is beyond criticifm. 

student; its short 1 
for use, and not for show; and in all re- 
spects it is superior to any book wilh which 
I am acquainted. 


the requirements of business. 

Boston, Mass. 

Your New Arithmetic we like because it 
is comprehensive, analytical, logical, and 
clear. We find it an invaluable aid in se- 
curing rapid and accurate work. 

Washington, D. C. 

It is a superb work, and superior to any 

iply catches; the explanatit 
prebensive and full ; tbe book is the right 
size, and contains all that is needed. It is 
the best text-book of its kind I have ever 

I am using your books in my school wilh 
excellent satisfaction. 


Oakland. Cal. 

We are using your New C(>mmercial Ar- 
ithmetic iu our colleges in Galveston and 
Houston, and are entirely satisfied that it is 
the best book in the mnrket. It is pecu- 
liarly suited to the use of Busines^s Colleges. 
It" "- ■ 

We think the Packard Arithmetic greatly 

improved by ibe recent additions that have 

been made ; and altogether I consider it the 

best book now before the public. 


Trenton, N. J. 

I consider your Arithmetic all that the 
commercial world demands. It is concise 
and practical in its methods, leading the 
student not only to aim at, but to attain the 
mastery of practical arithmetic. It is not 
only handsome without, but quite ideal 

Wliat ttie PiibllHlier SuyN, 

The New Packard Arithmetic was meant 
to be, iu all important respects, the beat 
commercial arithmetic in the world. If it 
fails in any way, it is because the nuibor 
does not know quite enough. 

Su<!b as it is, it is nlTercd to the public 
with a substantial success behind it, and an 
excellent promise before it. 

It will be sent to anybody postpaid, for 
|1.50. Teachers will be supplied in any 
quantity at %\.. Introductory rates ev*ii 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

1 I East 23d street, - - New York, 


Past DepurlmeuE, C(>iuiuaiiiler6 of ULIi>, 

and reader of the Journal should see I 
tlfiil works of art, 

A Cabinet Photo of e»c1i, accnnip: 
letter, fresh from the oen of Prof. P 
will be n 


11 reads this to send f< 
Five a-Dtorled sizes Aiitomatio Shadirii 



H't^d paokages Automatic Ink Powden*, 
Beaiulful Speolmens of Automatic Pen- 
A. H. HARBOUR, Ttiboi-. Jowa. 



I, good teachers, good everytbiti 

Iowa Commercial College. 



Penmanship Department 
Northern Illinois Xonnal School 


J. B. mile. Principal. 


3-ia Memion Penman's Art Journa 


•■ Your writing Is perfectly beautiful. For ae- 
oiiraoy I doubt If it oan be exceti. rt."-Z/. W. 

W. G. CHRISTIE, Peumau, 

4-12 Pouehkeepstf*. N. y. 

Charles Rollinson, 

for the past 13 fears with D, T. Ames. 



= Cor. Broadway. = 





the coBt of atteudrngaeehoolT 

Penmanship and Arithmetic $20(1 

Books tor above 4 to '.'..'.'...'.'.'.'....'.'. 6 5 

1 dozen oardsset ofoapitals orJetter.! 2 


No shading, no ppslUon ; can be learned In 
^ the time re^nlrtd by most systems. 

Complete short hand hook ..'.'.'.'.'.'. ".'.V....^.'.'. so 



3 months board gc 

Send Scent stamp fi 

. COLLEGE, Altoon 

A Price List of My Work 2 

^A Lesson in Flourishine 60 

ill of the Above 

\-n Address. C, P. ZANER. Columbus, Ohio. 

H 4ttf 


UTOMATIC PEN for I5c.; 9 Sets. $1-25 
INK POWDERS and DIreotione. any color, t 

AUTOMATIC PENS. Nos. to 5. aSo. each, 1 

1. Nob. 6 and 8, 35o- eaoh. 

Two Pens, .3 Alphabhts.S Inks a 

)r $1. Stamps taken f 

If not satisfactory, n 

B refunded. 

Specimen? lOc. Circ 

s less than $1. 


Size 23x38, In India Ink, for T7o. Flourished Bird 

Pantographs for enlarging 

„ .. „_ "n/ySOo. Lessons bv mail a 

Send for oirculars giving full informa- 
""""""" t advertised here. Small 

and reducing designs on/y & 

flourish and catalogue for 5c. Address, 

Penman Ritner's College. 


Send me your name written In full, and 35 cents, 

3. price list deacriptiv 

tended Movements. Traoing 

Cards. Flourishing, etc. Address, 

Lessons by Mail, 
" ■ I, Capitals. 

1 addressed In r 

n Junction. Town. 

J. r. FISH. Cleveland, i 

Written Cards! 



r line the undersigned will fur- 

. , _ iful piece of poetry, BUgantly 

lVri««i, on either of the following subjects: IjOve, 

"■ •'■■ "-'•-■ - - •SgUem. iiiieh an Aerastii^ 

be delighted 

Frtendgfiip. Confidentx or Eeteem. ivitk c 

work. A complete monogram of the twenty-sli 
Capital Letters will be sent as a premium wltl 
eaoh order. Stamps received. Address, 


y satisfactory, and 

daugbter. Eda Maj. Is i 

r work in (he highest 

3 poetry, merits a libera 





Is now one of the departments of Los Angeles 
Business College and English Training School. 

My school by mail Is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for S5.00. Send for olroulars. 
Those wl-hing a thorough drill under our personal 
InBtniotton will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this cnllege. Send for 
College Journal Specimens of our best work 30 

ciH- D. B. WILLIAMS. Prrncpal, 

By VR.NEW Iltopm Pi\0CE5; *^ 

STEAU, Hermon, N. Y. 

Ixpressly adapted tui 




All of Standard and Superior Quality. 






LAPILINUM (Stone-Cloth). 

A Perfect, Flexible Black! 

Rolls tightly, like a map, without Injury. Unei^ual- 
cd marking surface. Superior erasible qualities. 


.16 in. wide. 1 marking surface, per linear yd, $3 W 

1 rolls of 1^' yds, < 

iold i 

y quantity. 

Black Diamond Slating. 

The Bent Liquid Slating {without exception] 
for Walls and Wooden. Blackboards. 

Makes the finest and most durab'e surface 
Easily applied with a common brush to anysur 


Pints. $1.25; Quarts. $2; Half Gall m $.) 'i 


e quart ea.silv 

i(4 1i 

rt itb t 

Used and gines Perfect Satisfaction i 
Columbia College (School of Mines) New 'iork 
Columbia Grammar School, 
' 'oliege of Physiclansand Surgeons 
University of the City of Now 'iork 
College of the City of New York 
College of Pharmacy, 
::ollege of St. Francis Xavler 

Lafayette College Eaato: 

Madison University. Hamilton 

of Technology Hoboken 

University of Mississippi Oxford 


' ' H -. „ 

York Stock Exchange New York 
). New York Produce Exchange, . 
Exchange, New York Iron ana Metal Ex- 

of Pharmacy, 
„ of St. Frai ■ 

Lafayette College. 
MadiB( " ' 
St. Joli 

Stevens High School 
~ " irslty of MIssiss . , 

NonnalSchool Oshkosh Wi' 

_.„„„am School. MebanevlUe N ( 

L. I. Hospital Medical College Bi loklyn N Y 

New York Stock Exchange New York Cotton Ex 
change. New York Produce Exchange, New York 
Coffee Exchange, New York Iron ana Metal E- 
cbange, Equitable Grain and Produce Exchange. 

In the Public Schools of 
Washington, D.C. (exclusively). Paterson, N. J 
New York City. Flushing, N. Y. 

Snn HVaneisno, Cal. Mt. Vemon. N 

Poughkeepaie. N. Y. 
Waverly, " " 
Bloomfleld, N. J. Hartford. 

Jersey City. N. J. 
Bergen Point, N. 
South Orange. N. 
Hoboken, N. J. 

Waverly, N. Y. 
" tford. Conn, 

igatuck. Conn. 




feet $1 aT) 


No. 3 Ruled for music, SiK36 inches a T5 

77ii« is unitersaUy admitted to be the best 
inatfrialfi/r blackboard in use. 



e of le«80Da In penman- 



good handwriting you will havt 
no trouble In getting a position. Then why no 
learn to write. Tnii cau do It at odd hours and i 

receive 12 beautifully wrlttt 
r writing and a great variel 
ih from the pen with eaoh li 

I letters criliolslng 



100 pupils have commenced this course sinoe Jan- 
uai-y 1, 1888. Book-keepers, bankers, clerks, me- 
chanics, farmers, merchants, oto.. find this the 
cheapest, the surest, and the best way to get an 
easy rapid style of writing. The proof of the pud 
ding la in the eating. Here is another man who 
has tested this course of lessons and below is what 
he thinks of It. 

Mr. B. W. Pullmg, Wausau. Wis., now writes a 
hand that is excelled by few professionals, Here 
is the way he wrole before ho began this course of 


Qelow his portrait 

Friend Dakln, I send you with this my 
my signature written before and after ts 
course of lessons. 

I am very grateful to you for your kind 
and will always deem It a pleasure to re 
your course of lessons to all who wish t 
write an elegant hand. Wishing your 
remain. Yours truly, B. W. Pulling, Wai 
To those who think of taking the course 
samples of my penmanship for Goenbj, 
free. Address, 


Syracuse, N. Y, 

1 the finest linen brlstol. They 

fall to send 40 cents for 12 signature cards 
beautifully written letter 25 cents, 
of capitals all dUferent 40 cects. Box of 
OS made 45 cents. Address as above. 


We want iruod. lictlTe. reliable aeeiiU lu cTery 
part of the United States and Canada not at present 
occupied by our ueent«, to take subsuHptluus Tor 
tbe JouBKAL uiid to sell the new 


and our other publications. We have a^ent^ who 
send us hundreds of suhscriptlons every year, 
without gnlne out«lde of tbelr Immediate neleh- 
borhood. Upon tbe liberal (H>mmbisions we offer 
this Is a money-makinfc buslnetis. Write at once, 
ibs wu will ulose with the first reliable parties who 


. AMES, Edit 

I PRura 



elrce's System of Penmanship- 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

Ist. A Memhen*lii|i iu Ilio liushioss Departuiuut b 



ibershlp in the Penmanship Depa 
lal exjiense Is about one-half that 


ihlroBirtphic EdiUna," lOe. " I'e 
fi-ee tu alt who order the "Gukit; 

Reviled, Improved and Enlarged. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 


516 Bast Statu Stiei 


5':;,,. ,.^ ,■■ . „,■,:,■:,; 


Suitable for j 

S6ml|l.«2. $3. or»5fora 
sample retail biix. by oKpresa 
of the Beat CANDIES lu 
America, put up In eletfant 

I gjjjj Btrjctly pure. 

lo for presents. Ex- 

:3 charges light. Itefers 

w all ChigHRo. Try It onoe. 


Cuiifoctloner, CUICAGO 


■ A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
teachra It. A short. Bimple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sacrcmento BubI- 


tf School- Hooks, free. C. DeSflvku vt Si 
I'.t nie Walnut St.. PlIILADELl'UIA, 

rapid writiuc, use Nos, "JO aud 28. 



Tho copies are elegantly en«ravod on cnnper, printed from stone on the finest kind of very heavy 


■-Ii|-i" "..( i"MitMl Logether. and one can be taken out of 

plate paper. All coplc! 
Part one contains 

slips. Till 

e and the others kept elean. E' 


!, and Teacher, Uiica, N, Y.- 



Mfntl-.n Till 

ud to be the best 


Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekmati St., 

Branch Store, 37 IIoustoD Sired, 
8-12J NB'W YORK. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

For students, schools, and accountants It (Hvea 
the most practical forms for the capita) and small 
soript alphabets ; also the figures ; thus keeptne 
ever present and convenient before tbe writer 
correct forms for writing. This ruler Is IB Inches 
In lengtb, metal edged. 

Sent by mail to any address for 30 cents. 

,.._,_._ . all who are seeking to Improve 

s'art JOUKNAL, 

r writluf;. Address. 


iiw olituutiru i-racucai renmansUlp, a portfolio 
''acl"^acomplet«Ubraryofpraotical writing. 

as ordinary i 


!noIudln(;''the new Magic Alphabet, capable"*/ 
by any one legibly five times as fast 
^ ntlne. la mailed for 81,00, from the 
York otnce onJy. Address 



»For oarde, 4o. Ciicnlar' 
'fliie $8. Press for amall 
'koewspaper S44. Send 3 
[stamps ibr List pressea 
--' tTpercardaito w)tory 

K«ls»T dt Co. Alerldea, Coon 



■' Question Books with Answers." This la a series 
of small books.oomprlsloe U, 8. History. Geo- 
grapby, arammar Arithmetic. Physiology and Uy- 
gk'ue. and Theory, and Practice, each book 
containing 1001 practical questions and answers 

Ih 1®/!;^ positively the only gueslion books 
puDuetiea tnat are complete enough on a slnirle 
Branch to be of any help to teachere or others In 
preparing for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 

i-T^"^, *i"««'o''« ^Jt" Answers on ARITHMU- 
ric. Inolndlng nearly 80o t«st examples with an- 
thertlr f'a ih ^^^ treating thoroughly 

tlonS uuuDi oouu DUUJUCl.. 

in the appendix. In this book'tbere 

~ -ins with answers. 

QneatlonB with Answers on ORAMJHAR, 
lUustratlons, parsing am" " 

.„„^ lUustratlons. false synta. «.lij 

rectlona, and the Parsfng of difficult words, 
*'?.?;* "?£iM^<^« '"le prTce of the book 


In the appendlr it. thio h — i, .i. _* *'~'-.°'i 

questions with 

"1001 Queatlona with Answers on ORAMJHAR ' 
Se nSSfe?^s in^St ?„^r''°l„^"'' anaJysJi 


luui v^ueuuouH wiin Answers i 
PHT,"embraclng Descriptive. Physical and MatTi^ 
matlcal QeograpEy. The descriptive qSonS art 
*u?.^'* °? each grand division separately, thus en 
abtlnir the student to refresh bla mind on anv nar 
country without reading over the entire 
and Practice and I' and lly- 




Any of the followhig articles will, upon receipt 
of pric«, be promptly forwarded by mall (or express 
when so stated): 
When 10 cents extra are remitted merchandize 
-wUl be sent by registered mail. 
Ames' Compendium of I'raotical and Orua- 

mentai Penmanship 15 qO 

Ames| liook of AlphHh.t- 1 qq 

manshlp, in p-ipiT vi. ,,! 1 .f|, 75 

Willlama' and Packard'-^ liiriK 5 oo 

Standard Practical Ponuiunsiiip, liyiht. spcn- 

New Spciioerlan Compendlam, complete in 8 

Bound complete !! ^ !!!''! ' 7 00 

KIbbe's AlpnaDot^, Hvo slips, 25u.; complete 

Llttlo'8 Illustratire Handbook on Drawtiig 60 

Grant Memorial 22x28 inches BO 

Family Record 18x2i ■' BO 

Marriage Certificate 18x22 " 60 

Hxl4 " 60 

Garfleld Memorial 19x24 " 50 

Lord's Prayer 19x24 " 50 

Bounding Stag 24x.32 " 50 

Flourished Eagle 24x3a " 50 

Centennial Picture of Progress. ,,22x20 " 50 

Eulogyof Lincoln and Grant. *..23xas " 50 
Ornamental and Flouri8h< d Cards, ladesigna. 

new. original and artistio, per pauk of H), 30 

100 by mail 50 

l?*^* I'l. ^56i.bye»5reM!!"!"!!:";;; 4 00 

Bristol Board, S-sheet thick, 23x28, per sheet. 50 

'■ 22x38. persheet, by express... 30 

Fionch B. B.. 34x34. " " ... 75 

26x40. " " 1 as 

(Hack Uarrt-bnard, 22x38, for white ink 50 

Blnrk Cards, per 100 ^ 

Uliick Cards, perlOOO, by express 2 uo 

,,., , per aheetl quire 

w natulan s l)y mv!A. by ex. 

Drawing paper, f.t 'o" I %\ ao 

^' "lM'l'l'l''l'l"lH'l!''','|'"'^"^''^■-'''''■ '"' '^ "'"'■*'''''« O"* 

HiMiiy Iliinl'T, H siiii|il,' iji'vit'o fur holding 

Cuniin.m Sense Binder, a lino. "stiff.'clotil 
binder, Journal size, very durable . . 1 

Roll Blackboards, by express. 

No. 1, sizes x3 feet 1 

No. 2. *; 2Hx3Wfeet .".,'. \ 

Stone Cloth, one yard wide, any letigtli, per 

yard, slated on one aide « . i- ^ 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sides. 2 

Liquid Slating, tbe best in use, for walls or 
wooden boards, per gallon 6 


on good bank note pai er is kept In sUiuk, a 

I xcupt upon special order and at additional cost. ' 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes % 75 

"600 " .3 00 

"1,000 ■■ 6 00 

"2.000 " BOO 


750 notes representing $83.a30 capital S 7 00 



ftrft kfiottn stook and sent by return mail, or ex- 

each, or $.3,00 per dozen. Orders 

. .peolal designs promptly filled. We 

diplomas for business colleges and 

Hpeoial designs promptly'filleiT* 

niscellaneous Institutions. 


For the preparation of all manner of display outa 
iTir rn,.miloa are unequalled. Send for estimates 
ave the best facilities for making pboto^ 

unequalled. Send for 
. v.^ best facilities for n " 
s from pen and Ink copy 


the thoi 

I of outa that have ap- 

jB joDiiNAi, and our publications, 

ply, al jmUUherg- ratM. any standard 

anabUiin print; also any bookkecp- 

arilhmetlc or other educational 

Send the money vdtb order. In all cases. Unless 
bis requirement Is met no goods will be sent by 
nail, in any com, nor by express, C. O. D.. unless a 

price) and you will remit, 
hut reliable goods, and all who favi 

slf v 

We handle notlilnt; 

. „., — . — _ „.. „'iio favor 118 with 

rtlers are assured of prompt and efficient service. 



PRICE. »i.oo. 





y detail from the i 

ains business-like entries for 
■.ceiisful business, wtiloli must be committed to wrjtlne io bl 
)on aunuirei^ a oonipI«le msatery 
V nolhlng about double-entry wh 
lers become expert accountants 1 

k-books by the student, in doiojr 
ver 1,000 successful book keepei 
holdiug lucrative situations. 

s work or buslnesa-cuUeiie 

1 business, metliodi 

precepts, learning how to dlsentani 
Nearest approach to actual book-k 



Commercial Law 

s the standard. It is plain, practii 
leges and Gomtnerclal Departments. A nev 
Sample Copies will be sent to teaoliers o 
Address orders and oorrespondenoe. 

nd just the l>ook for class lostruction in Business Coi- 
tion Is now ready for delivery, 
leiptof wholesale price. 00 Cents. 



tended to reply i 


edfoid. Mass.iiud 

1 obliged to po-tpone eyery- 
y that he comea fully uptii 
I) produce first ctuss penmen . 
■t^fuKw uf snide penmen, though, of com-so, it Is 

he iililiniie'ler, and I will not have It In my 

Ii'i ^ ■ I .H,i "He^ound such'a'Ht; 

!i«. kn..■.^ 1.;, , ,11,, i..,'ived fi-omhim. 

il Hie iiistru(;[iuii received frum you of great 
I lai m;iliirit; a Mi-.-ifs^ of my teaching here." 

nllj 1 

r students are In demand, and you will make n 

eteachini; In their c 
epariments In othei 
itOreenwich. H. T.; J. H. WysE 

. : . : : _( ■ ■ 

'.Rlsinger. Ulloa. N. Y.; 

f the foiiuwing teachers, enclosing; i 
of them are teachini; In th 
[nmerclal Departments In o 
Cole, EistOreenwich, H. T.; 
irhoni, Ont ; J. O. Stevens, BurlinBfun. ' 

tisinger. Ulloa. N." " " 

a these parties, i 

I mistake in coming h 

. and a teacher, i;> retriarka- 
i for instruction in penman- 

The Hand Book of Volapuk 


Memljeruf the Academy of VolapQk— President uf ibe Institiile of Accouots. 

One vol., 12mo, 148 pp. Heavy paper, hoand. rrice, postage paid, $ I. 


Tbis work, iu tUe preparation of which neither labor nor expense has been spared, 
comprises : 

1. Aa iatroductioQ explaining the Purposes, Origin and History of VolapUk 

d of 

i radicals and the formation of new words 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, tbe selection c 
by composition, by prefixes and by sutUxes. 

5. ••Spodam;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. "Liladam;" Reading Lessons. 

7 Vocabulary. VolapQk-English. and English- VolapUk. 

In addition there is a portrait of Schlever, with extracts from his writings ; a 

t in VolapUk of the changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key 1 

,ng home work. 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in part to the new international 
language is The Office. 

In it the department entitled " Volaspodel," contains progressive lessons in 
VoIapUk, with special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies 10 cents each. 

For circulars of tbe Hand Book of VolapUk. and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 


Peerless! Luxuri 


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the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
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By P. R. SrENCEBS Sons, constitute a now de|>arlure in pennuui- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more r.apid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or supersede the 
Spenceuian, but fur use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated " running hand" is ihsireil. 

f Spencerian Large, - ... l)i; cents. 
I'l'ices : ^ Small, :r2 cents. 

(^Spencerian New, ..... l)i; cents. 
Correspondence solicited, 


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1-12 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

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luetliods yet aitaloed by the best Ameiluan BuhI- 
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The Priuclpiil ol this Depiirtmeut 8Uknd» at 

It l8 progreaalve and tliorouch lu all Ita appolnt- 

the head of the I'rofoaaiou us an Artist; and 

mentB and departmenta. 

B£ -A Teacher of I'enmanablp, "he has no liv- 

The methods (or lUustratinK actual bnaUiesa In 

ing equal," and devotes sli hours dally to 

UH6 lu Business Practice Dopartuients, are 

teachhig. If you desire to become a Teacher, 

cont-eded, by business educauirs Renerally. to be 

Penman and Artist, attend aachooi wholly de- 

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voted to this one thins, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who (ctvea his time to teaching. 

o..mplet« course of training than the entire course 

This School turns out mure Unlshed peomeo 

In many Business Colleges that claim to be amoD([ 

than all the Business CoUeKe Penmanship De- 

tbe beat. 

partments lu the United States combined. 

The PriDolpal o( this Department is an ex- 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pen 

perienced bookkeeper aa well as a teacher 

manBhlp La Teachers' Trnlulug, as well as the 

of unsurpassed ability, and gives hla entire time 

development of Peu Artists ; also DIuck- 

to hla pupils. For more complete Information. 

RoHi-d Drill. 

send for "The Couimerclal World.- 

Send for "The Commercial World." 





Oberlln. O. 

Oberlln. O. 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 



The Above Cut was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy Executed at the Office of The Journal and Represents In a Reduced Form one o 
the Testimonials of Merit kept In Stock. Special Orders for Blank Forms and the Filling of Same Promptly Executed In the Most Artistic Style 
Estimates Given on Request, with Circulars. For Samples Enclose 25 Cents. Full Size of above Certificate 14x17 Inches. 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

■St — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 

System. Only six bool;s. 
2d — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. The first complete 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to secure sucii results. 
4th.— Beantifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th. — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as " zeugma, urquesnc, 

xylus, tenitly, mimctii-, and .\nthus." 
6th — Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one si.'cth more paper than in the books of 

any otlier series — and tlir paper is tiie best ever nsed for copy-books. 
7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to the pupil. 
8t^i.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books ii 




|g 2 ( 






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All the Copies 


of the Series 


!• Louis. Mo. 

jO\ ovJv' x<j\jj Jj'iii\'^J'x.U' j,Uijljivl.VAavvlujj^ 





'^.^ytL^A rD 

cOuwwOv'Aw'ci.oAa^ )\^ j^uj )\\UUi, jJJOvoj 

BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

1 205 Broadway. N V (or $1 per ye, 


Entered at the Post Office of New York. 
N Y. as Second-Class Mail Matter 


Vol. XII.— No. fi. 

Lessons in Practical Writii 


Correct PoaiOon. 

[T/icse leetojie began with the April nvviber 
which may be obtained by remitting 10 cenU. 

As to learning to write it is n saying of 
old tbat "practice makes perfect" this i* 
true or otherwise accordiog to the kind of 
practice. One can never reach the desired 
end of a journey by traveling upon a way 
leading in the opposite or wrong direction 
liowever earuest or persistei.t may be his 
efforts. No more can one secure a good 
hand writing by persistently practicingupon 
had copies or bad ideals. The mind must 
tirst be able to know or think good writing 
before the fingers can execute it. 

A philosopher has remarked that " As a 
man thinks, so is he." The skillful hand 
is the servant of a skillful mind. The great 
masters of the pen arc such because their 
minds perreive cleariy and perfectly the 
excellencies of their art. Hence the import- 
ance of studying carefully our copies and 
the acquisition of a true mental conception 
of really good writing. When a copy has 
been practiced for a lesson it is well to close 
ihe eyes and endeavor to recall ils form to 
the mind, and so at night recall and review 
it with the inslruction for its practice. With 
a perfect menial conception and an ambi- 
tious effort, the hand will uliimntely pro- 
duce the mind's ideal, TJiinkgood writing 
and ynu will ultimately write good writing. 

With these general suggestions we will 
now consider the practice whicli we have 
before us from the pupils of our numerous 
class. First Mr. C. submits a sheet of his 
practice exercises from copy 6 as follows : 

This pupil has still much to learn, yet the 
practice is more than fairly good— before 
going into the detailed criticism of the 
forms of the letters we would say that it is 
evident from the writing that there has been 
too much fln-T^r movement for free nnd 

rapid writing, and there sh^ 

siderable prac'ice upon 

All learners should precede every 

No. 1, Here is a long straighl initial line 
an open semi-angular turn at the top where 
in the copy it is a right curve initial, and 
a closed line at the top. 

No. 2. Here is a closed angular turn 
where there is a round turn in the copy. 

No. 3. Here are open turns where they 
are closed angles in the copy. Between the 
two first parts of the m there is not over 

cy'a ao6(yu^cy 

It will be seen that Mr. G. has failed both 
in his practice and understanding of the 
item. In the copy he should have observed 
that the stem consists of a left and right 
curve so that if we were to cut the stem in 
the ceiiti-r there would be a left and right 
curve alike only that the right or lower 
curve is shaded, while in the practice the 


two- thirds of the space there is between the 
second and third. See No. 4 also. The 
connecting line is straight where it is left 

No. 5 is an angular turn where it is round 
in the copy. 

No. fi is !i letter much higher Iban any nf 
the oi hers. The down stroke Is curved and 
it closes with the up siroke more than half 
way down where it should do so not over 
one-fourth of the way. 

No. 7 is a wavy line where there should 
he a right curve, thus imparling a doubtful 
character to the letter. It may stand for 
either an n or u. So also No. 8. 

No. 9 is a long straight line for a terminal 
where there is a right curve in copy. 

Of course similar ciljcisms would apply 
to each line of the practice. It has been 
our effort only to point out a few of the 
errors of practice as examples. 

We will now consider the practice upon 
capital stems, using for criticism practice 
submitted by Mr. G.: 

left curve is very long. No. 1 and the right 
curve is short. In No. 2 the oval is nearly 
horizontal. No. 3, there is also great varia- 
tion In size of ovals and the spaces between 
the stems numbers 4, S and 6. with these 
criticisms we will give the following exer- 
cises for practice, using forearm movement. 

jr^ /■/'/' / >^ X i "'^'" 'Oi" accuracy 01 movement ana lorm. 

First write down a page of stems on Ihe 
combined movement carefully observing 
form and spacing, and turn the paper up- 
side down and duplicate as in the copy this 
is one of the best disciplinary movements 
that can be practiced. The following copy 
may then be practiced for the lesson. 

We shall be pleased to have a large num- 
ber of learners send forward at least a page 
of their practice from the present exer- 
cises and copy for- criticism in our next 
lesson. Send early, as our lesson must le 
prepared for the next issue before July 5. 
Among the ma«y specimens of practice we 
havereceived those of G. O.Putnam. Logan, 
Iowa, F. S Curr. Marysville, Cal., and II. 
Hood, Bangor, Me., are deserving of special 
mention. A portion of Mr. Carr's work 
would have been reproduced for an ex- 
ample had it not ' een written with red i 


sshruld beiu black ink. 

Class Drills. 
Hdiior of TuE Journal : 

Deau Sir : — Pursuant to your recent re- 
ijuefct I seud you an outline of my work in 
drilling I uge classes. In this article I shall 
mention my methods in the literary institu- 
tion only. I believe tbat the work should 
be adapted so far as possible to the needs 
of the pupil when he goes out into his par- 
ticular field of usefulness. To the prospec- 
tive teacher a critical kuowledj'e of the 
theory of pennmnship is indispensable, 
while to the business writer such knowl- 
edge is of verv little use. With this end 
ill view I reijuire every literary student to 
be provided wiih a Spencers" Bros, copy 
hook. This is kept blank and is used only 
for drills in anaiyi^is. 

The tirst week of each term is devoted to 
the explanation of po.silions, movemenls, 
and the discussion of (luestions pertaining 
to theory. No pens are used until each 
student urderstauds and can use an easy 
rolling motion of the foivinm 

I then take up Iii;hi nv;ii < \(ii i.'-cs and 
drilltheclassasawii-l. i.s ■ iiini Tbei^e 
are practiced untij thr* •-.•i^'-- n :nli- ;k.tobs 
four or five ruled sp;ii > -- w iilmnt -lirling the 
sleeve. The letters arc then taken up in lie 
following order: 

Short letters, direct oval capitals, semi- 
extended, reversed oval. loop. stem. I 
teach by groups and complete each group 
before taking up another. 

The short letters are taken up in their or 
der and each thoroughly analyzed, and prac- 
ticed singly, then in an exercise, and finally 
with each preceding letter of the group. I 
then change to the direct oval capitals, for 
I find that a student, like any calf, will do 
better with a change of pasture. 

For a few minutes during each hour I 
call upon students to name the lines and 
principles of letters without reference to 

the ha 


id chart. Some interesting discus- 
thus provoked and each student 
finiiilinr with ;ill essential princi- 
IcrlyiuL' phiiii p'^nmansfaip. 


Students c 


write s 

well as in any other study, and skillful 
questioning is the teacher's weapon with 
which to draw them out. 

Word writing is gradually introduced, 
followed by sentences, notes, letter writing, 
and dictation exercises to he ~ '"" " 
small running hand, and entir 

e mark- 

1^; >u \}\-a\ liiey can go out and work 
problem of leaching as their pecul- 
roundings mav require. 

Very truly. 

E. yy BAnnen. 

Expertfsm in Writing. 

FfirknnrH BuHineM Cull«gi*. 

Mr.Amcs.of thePENMAK'8 Art Journal, 
gave the Friiluy niorning talk bufcire the 
Packard College, May II. taking for bis 
Bubjccl '■ Expertism in Writing." Mr. 
Packard in Introducing him, said : 

" II is our custom, us you know, to bring 
before you on allcroate Friday mornings 
dislingiiicihed doers from the outside, the 
purpose being not to give you specimens of 
oratory, nor to iuvile men simply because 
they have the gift of speaking, but to Id 

you 8 


,■ the r 



in the important concerns of the day — the 
m^n who, having devoted themselves to 
specialties are prcp.ircd to instruct you, an 
well as to cnteriain you. If occasionally 
we are fortunate enough to tiud a good 
speaker as well as an eminent doer, we do 
not discount him on that account. The gen- 
tleman who is to address you this morning 
is known to you for bis excellent work in 
the direction of your own sti.dies. He is 
himself a teacher, having, in years past, 
conducted with eminent ability and success 
an institution of this kind, and during the 
past fifteen years and more, having given 
bib whole time to the production of artistic 
work with the pen and the promotion of 
penmanship literature. As an artistic 
penman he stands at the head, and as the 
editor of the Penman's Art JouKNAi, he hate 
made a home for himself in the hearts of 
aspiring young men and women through- 
out the country. He is an eminent teacher 
and a successful editor and publisher; but 
beyond this, be has made a national reputa- 
tion for himself in the line which he is 
asked to pursue in his lecture. He is prob- 
ably the best exp rt on handwriting in this 
country. He has had more experience than 
any other man, and baa been uniformly 
more successful in sustaining bimsulf nnd 
his opinions. I can say of him also what 
cannot be said of all persons of his profes- 
sion, he is a man whose opinions are never 
to be bought ; first, because Ihey are not 
for sale — no retaining fee ever having been 
large enough to tempt him, and second, be- 
cause they are so strongly founded in his 
convictions that to go against those con- 
victions would render his testimony utterly 
worthless. I have often said of Mr. Ames 
what 1 verily believe to be true, that if it 
should appear to him on good testimony 
that be has made a mistake in his judg- 
ment, he would be willing to say as much, 
even on the witness stand. I do not think 
he has ever been put to this test, because he 
never goes into a case which be has not suf- 
ficiently investigated before appearing as a 
witness to satisfy himself beyond any doubt 
U3 to \]\f truth in the premises. These 
are the days oi Bpecialis.s, sind men are be- 
ginning to understand that inasmuch as no 
person can know everything equally well, 
it pays ti» know much in single directions; 
and among the benefits which are being de- 
rived from this new departure of expert 
testimony is the removing of doubts in im- 
portant cases depending upon circumstan. 
tial evidence as to the Innocence or guilt' of 
the suspected parties. There is, in fact, no 
kind of svidence that is to-diy more reliable 
or more convincing to a jury, than that 
which is presented by persons who have 
made the scientilic truths which ben 
the case a life study, and who arc i 
present the proofs in such shape us to leave 
little or no doubt in the mind of the jury, 
or of the public; and in no line of expert 
tes imouy has there been more improve- 
ment, or better result.'*, than in that of de- 
tecting counterfeit handwriting. It is, of 
ciurse. to the interest of lawyers to decry 
this testimony, unless their cause is thereby 
upheld. and it Is oftentimes purchasable and 
inconclusive; but the record which Mr. 
Ames has made is one of which he has 
cause to be proud, and one which docs 
honornol only to himself but to his pro- 

HmiiiI writing In (ioncral. 

Mr. Ames spoke substantially as fol- 
lows : I purpose to speak upon writing 
rhierty in respect to its personality, but 
briefly would allude to it 89 an aceomnlish- 
mem and btuinew quallhcBtioa. A- un ac- 

complishraeot it can scarcely be overeat i- 
raat«d. It is like good dress, good manners 
and good breediug. which always commend 
their possessor. It is something that speaks 
for itself at sight; it needs no introduction 
or commendation. As a business qualitica- 
tion it more frequently opens the way totbe 
highest success in life than any other attain 
ment. First, because it is the thing wanted; 
secondly, because its possession can be 
made at once apparent by the applicant for 
a situation. 

Not only is good handwriting in itself a 
commendation but it implies many other 
qualities which go to determine the value of 
service and bring success in every ocrupa- 
lion in life. Good writing implies good 
judgment, good tasle, neatness and pe^^e- 
veriug application, and these are the very 
qualities which commend the young man to 
the confidence and esteem of his employer 
and lead to promotion and ultimate sue- 

Perhap'i 1 should say a word as to what 
constiiutes good writing. Ideals for good 
writing are very nunierous. Many young 
men who have acquired the capabiliiy to 
flourish a bird or a beast and to flourish 
the alphabet continuously without lifting 
the pen. or to cut all manner of antics upon 
the paper, and whose writing when present 
ed upon a page from its suberabundance of 
flourishes appears as disorderly as a brush 
pile or a last year's cobweb, account, them- 
selves excellent writers, but they would 
iicarcely receive commendation or employ- 
ment by any practical business man. 

The first essential of good writing is legi- 
bility; second, facility in execution; tliird. 

tion. ihat is to say the giving of principle- 
and then proceeding from those toconstrucf 
the different letters of the alphabet and 
writingaccording to these rules. The nri 
of writing is that pirticular feature which 
is imparted by the writer, independent of 
and at variance with such rules. It is the 
latter feature which gives to writing its pe- 
culiar and inevitable personality, of which 
I purpose chiefly to speak this morning. 

How l*er8()Q»IIty AtiHvrtH ItHvlf. 

You are all familiar with writing con- 
st'ucted nccrding to rule and standnrd as 
laid d<iwn by ihe various authors in the 
numerous published systems now in use. 
If any considerable number of per.'-ons 
were to Icarn to write untier the tuition of 
an experienced 'eacher, practising from the 
same forms and by the same direction, th'-y 
would tend to a more orless degree of same- 
ness in their style of writing, so that quite 
probably there would be a certain number 
of pupils one of whom might first write a 
line under a copy and then • ach another un- 
til a dozen lines or more had been written 
by as many different bands ar;d yet preFcnt 
lui-b a sameness that the casual observer 
would not perceive they were not written 
by one person. This would come from the 
fact that all had practiced from and emulat- 
ed the same standard. In such writing 
there would be very little personality. Ii 
might be hazardous if such writings were 
to come into dispute for even an expert to 
cxpre'-s an opinion ref-prctinglhem. 

But were each of these learmrslo go into 
as many different pur>uit8 where they 
would practice their wrii ing subject to their 


Cl.4/- /^ cL 


-e ct 

y /^ .^ 


graceful construction. To be legible ench 
letter must have its specific characteristic 
so perfectly defined as not to be possibly 
mistaken for any other letter of the alpha- 
bet. To be rapid it must be constructed 
with the simplest forms possible, of medium 
size, with little shnde, and written upon the 
combined forearm and finger movement. 
It should be written with a peu of medium or 
more than medium coarseness which would 
easily glide over the paper and give a clear 
strong hair line. To be graceful there must 
be a reasonable uniformity of proportions of 
Utters, slant, shade, spacing, etc. 

Writing, even though it were as perfect 
as ihe best copper-plate, if executed at the 
rate of a line per hour would be utterly re- 
pudiated in busiLesa. or if it could be writ- 
ten with the speed of lightning, yet illegible 
it would be equally unacceptable for any 
purpose. So that it is a combination of legi 
bility and rapidity that constitutes writing 
most desirable for all purposes. 

It is true that the specific quality of writ- 
purposes will vary. It is obvious that a 
ing who may commend itself for different 
young man filling policies In an insurance 
office, where the style and quality of his 
writing is largely the criterion of his useful 
ness, will be pardoned for writing much 
more slowly and with greater deliberation 
than will an entry clerk, A correspondent 
would very properly make use of a differ- 
ent rate of speed and style of writing than 
would an accountant or law clerk, so that 
the different merits which would commend 
handwriting will vary according to the pur- 
poses for which it is to be used. 

Writing is very properly considered both 
as an an and a science. The science con- 
sists of the prescribed rules for its construe- 

own judgment, tustes. dispositions and en- 
vironments, their hands would graduHlly 
undergo a change and very soon assume a 
style peculiar to each and diffcringas wide! 
ly from thai of his fellows as would his 
own personal characteristics and circum- 
stances. After the lapse of a few years this 
peculiar style of writing, from much 
practice would through force of habit be 
so firmly fixed as to become, as it were, ti 
part of the writer, and represent him as 
coini)lclely and unmistakably as his physi 
ognomy and personal appearance. 

By such pnictice writing comes to be al- 
most purely the product of the hand; Ihat 
is. it is done by sheer force of habit, the 
mind taking no cognizance of the work, it 
being enlircly occupied with the matter 
which isbeing transcribed. These various 
modifications and departures from thestand- 
dard acquired as learners will have been so 
gradual and so unconsciously incorporated 
in the writing as to be almost wholly un- 
uoted or observed by the writer, and they 
will be well nigh innumerable. 

Here the speaker illustrated at the black- 
board the manner in which these changes 
come. First making the alphabet in stand- 
ard form, and then introducing numerous 
variations showing bow, after the lapse of 
time, letters wculd come to vary widely in 
the peculiarity of their construction which 
is e<iually true of their mode of combina- 
tion. [See illustration in center of page,] 

He illustrated how each of these varia- 
tions constituted a personality of the writer 
and how these would become conspicuous 
or eccentric and numerous precisely ac- 
cording to the ecceolricily or personality of 
the writer, and thai persons vi-ry odd oi 
eccentric develop a correspondingly odd I 

or eccentric bandwriliug. That a person 
quick of thought, speech, and motion, 
would naturally write with a coiTespoudiiig 
decree of ceUriiy. Continuing, be said: 

It is due to the fact of these roultitudi- 
uous changes, many so sliuhl as to be 
scarcely noticeable, and others so conspicu- 
ous and odd as to instantly attract aitenliou 
if not comment, and all so firmly fixed in 
the hand of the writer, through the force of 
habit nod from long procticc that, even 
though be were tobeconsciou^of them all. it 
would be impossible for the hand at once to 
avoid them entirely, but in view of the fact 
Ihat a vast preponderance of the miuutia of 
this writing habit are unknown, no specific 
effort can be made for their avoidance, and 
a real skillful expert examination is sure to 
deleimiue the identity of any considerable 
amount of writingin dispute by comparing 
it with the known writing of the suspected 

There are three insuperable difticultirs in 
the way of the forger. First, he cannor so 
know his own habits or control his own 
hand as to set it a«ide entirely at will. Sec- 
ond, he cannot possibly note and observe all 
the personalities that enter into the hand- 
writing which be would reproduce. Third, 
only a perfect anistcou'd perform the work, 
even though conscious of every peisoualily 
of his own and the hand he would copy. It 
often occurs that a for^^ery is apperent from 
the fiict that the forger is greatly inferior in 
artistic skill to the author of the writing he 
attempts toapsimilale. The mere will does 
enable a band to exercis3 a cunning it hns 
never acquired. A skilled forger, too, of- 
times fails from inability to lowerhis stand- 
ard to that of a very awkward and inexpe- 
rienced hand. 

Forgeries are most frequently confined to 
the reproduction of a single signature. Here 
the forger has the advantage of having be- 
fore him a copy upon which he may practise 
until he Las attained to considerable skill in 
its reproduction; or he may make use of the 
various mechanical means for securing a 
correct outline by which he will be guided 
in reproducing bis copy. Where the former 
meihod is employed there is usually a fatal 
lack of accuracy as to form. The other 
meihod usually leaves signs of the slow and 
hesitating movement required fcr canfully 
Following an outline, also general retouches 
of the shaded lines which, when cxamlmd 
under a microscope, arc at once apparent. 
Forgeries thus made may generally be de- 
monstrated from the very character of the 
work without any reference whatever to Ihe 
genuine signature. The firmer class will 
be detected only by a very cose comparison 
of forms and characteristics as between the 
genuine signature and ihc spurious. 

An amusing instance of Ihe detection of 
this class of simulations occurred in my own 
experience sometime since, when caUed lo 
a certain law office for the purpose of exam- 
ining a contested will. The junior member 
of the firm took occasion lo speak disparag- 
ingly of expert examinations of writing, say- 
ing that a clerk of his could copy his own 
signature so closely that he whs unable him- 
self to detect the difference; nor did he be- 
lieve that any expert could do so. I bad 
never seen either the writing of the lawyer 
or that of bis clerk. After a few minutes the 
lawyer banded mea t^heel of legal cup covered 
from top to bottom with his name, remark- 
ing that a portion of the names were writ- 
ten by himself and a portion by his clerk 
and reiterating that he believed it to be be- 
yond the power of an expert to determine 
which were hisaud which the clerk's. Tak- 
ing them in my baud I examined them not 
to exceed one minute. ■' You wrote that. 
Ihatand that," I said, indicating three of the 
i.ignalurcs. "and your clerk wrole the 
rest." The lawyer admitted the correctness 
of my answer and expressed great surprise 
ut its readiness and accuracy and asked how 
I bad determined 

I explained that in looking down ihe 
pHge I observed Ihat the writing of one 
class of names was entirely bomogcueous. 
In its turns, shades, grace of line and all 
there was apparent a free, natural move- 
ment; while in another set there was htei- 
tancy in the lines, angles in the place of 
round turns, fbadett varying In place and 
degree, a different tlant, and want of homo- 

i;uueuu9ucss. It was Ibcrcforc apparent 
tlial one class of sigualures were writltn 
itioughtltssly aod naturally, aod tbe other 
with ibouyht and care, the iuevitiible infer- 
I'lice being tbat tbose naturally written were 
gebuinp, bence wrilten by tbe lavvyer. 

Anotjer amusing instaiice occurred only 
a few weeks since in tbe Custom House ol' 
tbls city. Several tbousatid dollaru'worth 
of Valuable silks bad been taken from tbe 
jlublic stores on forL'cd otdefs. These whtii 
presented to the various parlies \Vbcf!ie in- 
dorsement Ibey purported to bear all pro- 
nounced their signatures and indorsements 
g(;nuine and accounted for ibeir presence in 
various ways. I was calk'd to tbe Custom 
H.iuse to examine tiiese orders, and if pos- 
sible to determiue who cad wrilten the body 
uf tbum. I at once discovered tbutalltlie 
signatures which had been pronounced gen- 
uine by tbeir uuibors wtre actual forgeries 
and were afterward so admitlid to be by the 
writers. These signatures had been utade 
from tracings, which under the microscope 
was very apparent in the peculiar quality of 
the lines, la numerous retouches of (he sbad- 
iugs, and in some instances remnants of the 
,1,'uide Hue wbicb bad not been entirely 
erased by tbe use of rubber. 

In siuiLilated writiug tbe work is gcuer 
ally upon a more extended scale. eKleuding 
often to whole pages of writing. Where 
this is the Oise it Is not often tbat tbe lorger 
cflu have before him the text ready pre' 
pared. It is therefore something more tban 
R mere copy of writing. He must make up 
h 6 composition ; to do this be usually 
studies bis texi until he has formed an 
idea of the general forms of tbe writing; 
which he would simulate, and baving cstab- 
lishi'd in bis own inind a standard form for 
each of tbe various letters these arc repealed 
with a Very great sameness, so much so 
Ibat often the different peculiarities will 
appear with almost tbe accuracy of unvary 
iug type. It will lack tbe general varialiuu 
of free and thoughtless writing, also the 
quality of tbe lines will be changed ; more 
or less besitaocy i unnatural rests; numei- 
ous retouches or alterations for tbe double 
purpose of concealing the simulators iden- 
tity and making more complete tbe simu- 
lation, and thus he is betrayed. 

In disguised writing the single difficulty 
of the writer is to dispense entirely witbbis 
own characteristics. While he may change 
absolutely the general appearance of bis 
band by usiuga widely differapt pen, chang- 
ing tbe slope, incorporating odd and pecu- 
liar forms foreign to his band, there is yet 
H multitude nf tbe lesser peculiarities tbat 
will inevitably come in through the force 
ut habit sullicient under a careful and skill- 
ful examination to almost invariably estab- 
lish his identity. 

It is often tbe case that the writing of 
different persons very closely resemble each 
other in tbeir general effect, as do persons 
of about tbe same IJgurc, with notbiug 
strikingly personal iu their physiognomy or 
appearance ; yel tbere can scarcely be any 
mistake of identity as between a dwarf and 
a giant or a sound man and a cripple. It is 
so witb tbe handwritings. Wriiing of about 
the same size, done with tbe same jien 
and the same ink and by persons who have 
practiced from similar systems may, in its 
pictorial effect, have a closi' resemblance, 
and yet in its minute tletiiils the difference 
is as marked as would be tbe disposition and 
character of two persons, who, from tbe 
.sameness of I heir general appearance, niigbt 
i)c mistaken one for the other. 

The following is a specimen nf writing 
not highly cbaracteristio ard of a style in 
wbicb accidential coincidences would be 
frequent in two writings : 

, also asked to write tbe same several times 
upon paper tbat it might be photo engraved 

' for publication herewi.h, and Wbicb wc 
present below : 

Tbe following is a specimen of writing 
■considerably eccentric and in which acci- 
dcuial coincidences would be few : 

equested one 

tlie blackboard. Mr. Packard 
facetiously suggested that be was doubtful 
if any of tbe young men under bis tuition 
could write iiis names, but on the sugges- 
tion of one of the professors one was found 
who inscribed bis name twice upon the 
board with apparent ease. Another young 
man was invilert io ct'py ihis twicens nearly 
aa i>o&Bibk, £acb of \hf. young men wmg 

The speaker then proceeded to point out 
the difference between the original and the 
copy, after tbe mnnner tbat be would ex- 

The following is the tictitiuus 
n cognized subsequently lo be Fha 

two words were wril'en by the same hand. 
Tbe combination Si, not only in tbe form 
of the letters but the relations which they 
Kustain to each other, and the peculiar .1 in 
the word AU)an» and its manner of j'dnin-; 
on to tbe I, but more particularly the pecul- 
iar 6, witb Its very large circular bulhnt 
tbe bottom, and tbe « witb its tinal proje(N 
tion downward, are such as to form tbe 
most conclusive evidence of identity. 

Many other equally striking and interest- 
ing instances of the convincing evidence to 
be drawn from the comparison of band 
writing might be cited; but I have already 
far exceeded the allotted time for my re- 
marks. Notwithstanding we often hear tbe 
unctuous criticisms of cavilers respecting 
tbe value of conclusions drawn from expert 
examinations of handwriting, it is my belief 
that in a irreat proportion of the instances 
where handwriting is brought into question 
the conclusion of skillful experts presents 
evidence which may be classed as among 
the most reliable of circumstantial evidence. 
Indeed, there are cases where the cnmbiua- 
tion of circumstances are such as to rendt-r 
tlieconclusion Htlie short of an absolute cer- 
tainty. I have many times been able to 
reach a conclusion almost as p >sitive iis 
if I bad been present and seen the work per- 

A Fresh Bree/e from tlie PrnlrleH. 

Among the distinguished persons who 
heard tbe lecture was our very excellenr 
brother and co-worker, Mr. D. L. Mussel- 
man, of Quincy. Ill, 

Mr. Musselman is at Ihe bead of the live 
business college of tbe West, and had come 
to tbe city for the first time as a lay dele- 
gate to the great Methodist einvocaiion. At 
the conclusion of Mr. Ames' lecture Mr. 
Musselman was called for and made a 
speech to the boys which they will not soon 
forget. It was bubbling over with good 
feeling, and propelled by an enthusiasm 

i;iven him from dii 



One of the interesting incidents in con- 
nection with the address wasaliltlt hand- 
bill, upon which was printed specimens of 
wntingthat led to tbe identity and crmvic- 
t ion of a man for murder. [See illustration 
in center of this page,] 

The circumstances were that a man by 
the name of John P. Phair. near llutland, 
Vermont, murdered a woman, robbing her 
of Jewelry and various other articles of con- 
siderable value. For a long time there was 
no clue to tbe murderer. Finally a detec- 
tive found in a pawn shop in Boston several 
of the articles known to have belonged lo 
the woman. Procuring a description of the 
man who bad made tbe pawn he at once vis- 
ited the various hotels in tbe vicinity, seek- 
ing for some clue to his identity. Finally 
at one of tbe hotels he was informed that a 
stranger answering to tbe description had 
slopped there and hud placed a name and 
address upon the hotel register, as shown 
in the first of the cuts referred to. 

Ultimately the person answering to this 
description was arrested for the murder but 
stoutly demVd having been at the pawnshop 
or hotel. He was banded a piece of paper 
and requested lo write from dictation the 
id address upon the hotel register. 

perts to he identical, wbicb 
being held for trial and wa.s chiefly instru- 
mental in his conviction for murder, for 
which be was hanged. 

It will he seen by comparing this writing 
that while there are many marked differ- 
ences there are peculiar coincidences which 
w'ould be well nigh impossible to two differ- 
ent handwritings. For instance, in the cap- 
ital £^ there is really slight characteristic re- 
semblance. In the F there is in the loop. 
Htpm. and in the peculiar curve of tlie cap 
and in tbe maaner of cro&sir^ a alriktng re- 

which took tbe boys quite off their feel. 

•■ I don't know what to make of this big 
city," be said. "* It's perfectly bewildering 
to me. I have been able, so far. lo find my 
way, and have not fallen into the bunds of 
thesbarpers; but that is more providential 

:o be in the city, and th' 
bewildering things look. It is a great city. 
I have been wanting to come here for a long 
time. I wanted to visit Brother Packard 
and bis great institution: and Iwanttolcll 
you, boys, that you don't know what you've 
got here. You don't appreciate your privi- 
leges. We people out West understand this 
thing better than you do. We get our in- 
apiration from New York; and we draw it 
greallv from Packard. I tell you we love 
him. Perhaps you do too; but 1 don't think 
Tou can quite understand what you have In 
this city and this school. I said to Brother 
, who aime with me ' Now, we're go- 
ing to see the two representative men of this 
country, one the bead business college man. 
and the other tbe bead expert;' and T tell 
you, boys, it is true, — here they are, both of 
them. I don't believe you understand your 
privileges, anyway. You are not likelv to 
doit. You have pot lo get older, like Mr. 
Packard and Mr. Ames and myself, before 
you can find out what you are losing. 

■' Whatever humbug there may be about 
business colleges, there is no humbug about 
tlie usefulness of what you are learnine 
here. A boy who eoes out from this insti- 
tution, up In book-keeping, with an estab- 
lished handwriting, and a practical knowl- 
edge of arithmetic, such as you all get, can 
look the worid in the face and shake his 
tiM at it if he wants to. He has command 
of the situation. He need ask no odds of 
anybodv. Business men want him and he 
c(in dictate his own terms 1 tell you, bnys. 
this is a great country, take it altogether, 
and you ouch' to be glad you live in It, I 
hope you are." 

Eucational Notes. 

The police have prohibited ihc Cornell 
yell in Ihe streets of Ithaca. 

The amount necessary for maintaining 
Ihe San Francisco school department for 
next year is placed at $970,000, 

Yale ha-s over 80 post-graduate courses 
and over thirteen hundred graduates. 

The lowo State University has asked tbe 
Legislature for $20,000 to buy a baseball 
ground for tbe students. 

Columbia College has on its rolls 1.820 
students, an increase of 259 over last year. 
Among those are 54 women. 

Princeton's New York Alumni Associa- 
liou is tbe largest in the country. 

There are now 660 students in Claflin 
University, Orangeburg. S. C, an institu- 
tion for colored people. Most of them are 
paying their own way, and are studious, 
zealous, and ambitious. 

The decree hns gone forth at Columbia Col 
lege that henceforth professors and students 
must wear caps and gowns. 

There are about seventy kindergartens iu 
Philadelphia, fourteen of which are free, 
being supported by charity ; twenty six are 
under the the public school system, and 
thirty are private. 

" It is proved by figures that cannot be 
questioned, that in New York and Penn- 
sylvania, the illiterate man's liability to 
crime is seven times that of tbe educated 

The eight-year old Princess Wilhelmine, 
of tbe Netherlands, has hermother forprln- 
cipol teacher. She learns the piano forte 
and horsemanship from Queen Emma. Her 
iusiructions in reading, writing, arithmetic, 
and the modern languages is divided among 
a number of teachers, every one of whom is 
strictly charged by the king lo Ireat her 
exactly as they would any other school girl, 
and never to address her as "your royal 
highness," or even as " princess." 

In 1885, Germany spent for tbe education 
of her people $40,900,000; England, $80,- 
000 000; France, $15,000,000: Austria, $W,- 
000,000. and Russia, $5,000,000. The United 
States in that year spent $100,000,000 for 
education, or as -much practically as the 
five nations combined. — Ex, 

Sunday-Schoolteacher (to the bright boy 
of the cla*s): ■■ Johnnie, how did Elijah 
die?" Johnny: "He didn't die. He was 
translated from the original Hebrew." 

Teacher— What can you tell the class 
about the translation of Elijah? 

Young Lady— Not very much, but I can 
tell all about the translation of Zola.— 
Wiiehinglon Critic. 

"I may be a poor penman, "said the store- 
keeper as be wrestled witb the sign that had 
fallen down from over the door, "but I'll 
show you that I can right my own name 
pretty well." — Yonkers statesman. 

■'Mamma," said little Lydia, "ought 
teacher to Hog me for something I have not 
done?" ■■ No, my dear; why do you ask f 
"Cause she flogged me to day when I 
didn't do my sum." 

■■Can some little boy tell me what ani- 
mals lie in wall for their food?" said the 
teacher, and little Johnny Binks. whose 
father htd suffered from the blizzard, pipes 
out, ■■Please, teacher, the coal dealers.- 
Boston Bulletin. 

'■Nearly all the words that begin with s- 
l-l are unpleasant ones." explained a teacher 
to her cla«s. " Can any one of you think of 
an example?" 

■■ I can," shouted a small urchin, holding 
up his hand, "slipper." 

Teacher (of spelling class)— "Tommy 
Traddlcs you may spell cigarette." 

Tommy Traddles (somewhat ill prepared) 
— "Well-er-my pa won't let me Ihmoke 
'em, an' I don't tbink he'd care to have mc 
tbpell 'em." 

Parent: " Who is ihe laziest boy in your 
class, Johnny?" Johnny: "I dunno.;: "I 
should think you would know. When all 
tbe others are industriously writing nr 
studying their lessons, who is be that sits 
idly in his seat and watches the rest instead 
of working himself?" "The teacher." 

A giri at the school down at Pierceville is 
so mode-<it that she will not get lessons in irn- 
proper fractions; and tbere is one in this 
city so modest that she always goes into Ihc 
next room to change her mind. 

Teacher (to Tommy, whose father is a 
milkman): "Tommy, how many pints 
mnke a quart?" Tommy: "A quart of 
what?" "Anything. Milk, for instance," 
■■Two pints: one pint of water and one 
pint of milk." 

The University of Bolngna has just cele- 
brrtled its 800th anniversary— a fact that 
should be noted by persons ihataredisposed 
10 exaggerate the antiquity of Bologna 
sausage.— C/uVflffo Herald. 

Workers for The Journal will fluri the 
present time doubly propitious, as they may 
take advantage of either of our premnim 
systems for a limited time. See page 88. 


There wus somelUing of « rush last month 
for our Phonographic file ontaioing the 
complete course of Mr^. Pnckard's Itf^ons 
in Munson Phonography, One wise muu 
bought a couple of dozen, ind another hns 
written to know »( what dificount wovmII 
gell out the entire ediiion. But we an 
making no discounts. The price note is 
|1.50 per set (18 numhers) ; with hinder ♦> 
per set. We have not many of the complete 
f'els left. These figures may grow up tbcj 
will never get any snuil'or. 

The Script Prize Contest 

HcsponsLs to our olTer of a stenographer's 
fountain pen for the best specimen of pho- 
nographic hcript, to be cogravfd for Tiiii 
JouKNAi,, have been received from the 
following: Misses H. K. and Helen F, 
Carroll, La .Salle. N. Y.. (one of each) ; ('. 
11. Miller, 73li 18lh avenue. Denver. Col ; 
Erwin Baer. Prescott. Arizona; Frank F, 
Doyle, Auburn, ilaiue. and Horace Yoth- 
era, Owego, N. Y. Kesults will be an- 
announced in the next issue of The 
JoDiiNAL. This closes the prize contest, 
but we would be glad to receive specimens 
from other parties to be used it suitable. 
The script should be written on dotted 
black lines, like that printed in Thk 

Shorthand at the B. E. A. Con- 
Jlrs. L. H. Pacltnid will have charge of 
tbe shorthand section at the B. E. A. Con- 
vention. She has issued a circular outlin- 
ing in a measure the work of the section. 
Among tbe subjects for discussion already 
suggested the circular names these : 

I. PrellmlDary examinations and qualllioaltous ; 

or. what ^hall asiudeat know before enter- 
ing iiimii ihe study of ahortliuud f 

-J. Huwtihoiild Eiig iHhs'.udles be pursued ia con- 
neetioii witli shorthand? 

:i. First le^soQB hi shorthand; what should they 
he, and how enforoedi 

■I. Cliiss instnicLloD and dictation. 

a Individual instruction ; when Kiveii. and hnw t 

II. When ahmild difttaiiun be begun ^ 

>. At what mage should phrase writing begin r 

•J. Wlien Nhuald lyjiewrlUng be begun y Methixls 

ut teaching tbe same. 
1i>. Learning to read shurlliand. 
11. Matli-r for diciatlou. lioiii for shorthand and 

IJ shoiitd good iionmni.slilp bo required of tbe 

i:i Advantage:) and dlsadvantageB of eonneut ng 

the leauhiUK of sborthaud with other ooiu- 

M. To wlmt extent may dictation be taken from 

students t 
iTi. Siipplyiugllir demand forumanuenses. 
HI, What should be the minimum of aiialnment Id 

lihorthand, typewriting, penmaiiijhit) and 

Speed in Shorthand Writing. 

il eda< 

H di|iloi 

The work of the meeting will be on broad 
lines without any reference to ■■sjatem," 
Shorthand people arc rc(]Uc«ttHl to write at 
once to Mrs. Packard (101 East 23rd. street. 
New York) answering these questions : 
1 Will you be nl the Convention r 
-1 Will you, if there. Join the Shorthand Seuiion* 
:i Will you pi-upave a paper, and, if so, ou what 

1. Do you know of any one thine mon- ihun tin- 
other that should rei'elvc thi- attention uf 

Short Stems. 

—Mr. Andrew J, Urahnm, the well- 
known sborthaud author, offers cash prizes 
amounting to :f500 to be competed for at 
the next annual meeting of tbe New York 
State Stenographers' Association to be held 
nt Caldwell. Lake George, New York, on 
August 21st. Tbe contestant who shall 
write fastest and most accurately not less 
than 350 words per minute for five succtss- 
iva minutes, and read the same, is to have 
$235: the best 340-word man. $130; $90 for 
the 280 class and $(i0 for the 235 class, 

— Brother Srott-Brownc. who grinds a 
little shorthnud grisl on his own account, 
is in a frenzy of excitement ovor the Joun- 
n.\i.'t shorthand department. He wants to 
know if we hadn't better give up Muiison's 
phonography, which hi; says has been prac- 
tically unchanged for twenty years for his 
own little system which thinks nothing of 
bobbing up in new uniform every few 
mon-hs. Thankee, oo- the pace is a trifle 

Jo the Editor of 1 ni Jochval 

^ ou have a«kcd me to furui».h something 
for the June i*-sue and I do it with pleas- 
ure knowin,, that whatever may be written 
on the •subject of Phonography will always 
bnd some interested readers 

Following the line alnady pursmd in 
Teie I UKNAt peibapb some few words 
ihout "eitin up 'jpced may not be out of 

S[ i 1 wriiiT horthand depends upon 
\) iw r j II itL First a knowledge 
t tbi uljLCt upon which the writer is 
n a.icd and second the ability to place 
I on tbe p pel without conscious thought, 
lUi. forms lequired The metbanical part 
of the process does not enter into tbe prob- 
lem to any great degree, for it is the strict 
truth that in noneof the commonly adopted 
systems of phonography are the forms so 
lengthy or so diflicult of execution as not to 
be made as rapidly as ibe tongue can utter 

koowlege of the nomenclature of the bot- 
anist and the naturalist ; some acquaint, 
ance with the sciences, with art, with 
engineering, and with the formulas 
of the man of tonics and physic. In 
short, although it was said in the good old 
times that the "Jack-of-all-trades" was tit 
for none, yet for this work none are so fit 
as tbe jacks-of-all-trades. 

Kimball, who es 
them better tliH 

: things and do 



equally ; 
railway, performing a 
guitar solo, talking or 
leading a church choir, 
to bass at Block Island 



t home buih'ing a 
type-writer or a 
acting shorthand, 
or dropping a line 
n a Sunday during 




. the; 

J the fin 


wledge of the subject upon which one 
ting. It is almost an axion that no 
in successfully place upon paper words 
which he is unfamiliar, beaiiug upon 
ibject of which be is also ignorant. Tbe 

And now how can one fit himself for any 
or all of these classes ? He is supposed to 
be absolute in his knowledge of the system 
be writes, be says he " needs practice " (and 
he does), but how to practice, and what 
kind of practice, and when to practice, — 
these are tbe points that I will try and give. 

In my own teaching I have found it neces- 
sary to divide the work into four classes, 
which I call, (1) easy matter, (2) moderately 
difficult, (3) legal, and (4) technical. The three 
exercises sent with this are samples of the 
first, second and the last of these classes. 
The first is from a speech by the Rev. Rob- 
ert Collyer. and contains 178 words. The 
second is from Macaulay's History of Eng- 
land, and contains 148 words; while the 
third is taken from Gray's Anatomy, and 
has 177 words These are examples, and 
work like them can be made by almoFit any 
one. Tbe matter should be first selected, 
and marked into phrases before writing. 

.4-"> >.-'^4 's.if.yr: 


:^../.i.i^^..'Z...,.yA ^/ 


■ ■) 


tbe vacation months. The line is usually 
of indefinite length. Scare the bass that 
respond, and each comes with a pedigree 
and family history that furnish material for 
much delightful after-tnlk. 

Mi Kimball is full of nervous energy and 
is enthusiastic to a degree, tie is a great 
teacherof shorlhand and one of the most 
accurate and rapid of writers. Munson un- 
defiled aud undiluted is good enough for 
him. For several years be bus been at the 
head of the shorthand department of Pack- 
ard's College. His suggestions in another 
column are well worth the attention of 
every practical pbonographer, — both on 
the wing and in Ibe chrysniis, So are the 
accompinying selections in phonographic 
script. He can heat the world at this sort of 
thing. If you should meet him to morrow 
and express any admiration for the work, 
he would say, "Oh! that's nothing at all — 
dash il off— seventy- -eighty words a minute 
—come to the house some time and I'M 
iihow you some script." 

The reduction in the price of the Steno- 
;;raph to $25 will naturally result in largely 
increased sales and go far toward educating 
Ibe public lis to the capnbihlies of Mr. 
Bartholomews ingenious invention. The 
JouiiNAL would be triad lohavesome friend 
of tbe Stenograph send it some data as to 
the number of instruments in practical use, 
and bow they are regarded in business cir- 

student should, then, resolve upon the posi- 
tion he is to occupy, and in his practice 
meet the requirements of that position. 
There are but about four divisions that can 
be made, correspondence, legal work, theo- 
logical work, and technical work. Practice 
for the first of these should be mainly con- 
fined to writiugfroni actual correspondence. 
An old letter book containing letters which 
have been actually written and sent through 
tlie mails by some responsible house, is a 
gold mine for the student who desires to 
become an amanuensis, and can generally 
be obtained from some friend "in business." 
There are also a few published "letter 
books." but I have never seen one that I 
consider in all ways a guide for the 

For theological reporting one can easily 
buy bound volumes of the sermons of the 
great preachers of the day, and there is no 
better practice. 

In court reporting can always be obtained 
published reports of noted cases, aud almost 
any lawyer' can furnish MS, copies of the 
many different forms used in getting out 

When we come to technical work, how- 
ever, the task is a herculean one. Not 
every one, not ojie. in a hundred can ever 
expect to cope successfully with the mulli 
tudinous forms in this work is likely to 
occur. The writer must possess at least a 
smattering of tbe dead languages— some 

Then tbe phonographic dictionary should 
be consiilted for the outline of every word 
the form of which is not perfectly well 
known to the writer. This done, the 
matter should be written from tbe phono- 
graphic cojiy, until a perfect knowledge 
has been obtained of every word and phrase 
outline, and they can be accurately written 
without reference to the copy. Then one is 
ready for real practice, and the remainder 
of the practice upon this first article must 
be done from a reader. Like the old recipe 
where tbe hare was to be first obtained, so 
here the reader must be first secured — and 
this generally is the most difficult of all the 
obstacles that arise. A good reader, a 
patient reader, like an old friend should be 
cherished. Having your reader, let him 
read, and re-read, and read again, ten times, 
fifty times, a hundred times is none too 
many, and if at the close of a day's work 
the beginner has perfectly mastered a selec- 
tion of two hundred words — be should be 
conlcnt. and know that he is getting ou 
swimmingly. The next day "go thou and 
do likewise." Vary the work in no particu- 
lar with the exception that in choosing a 
second selection let it be about the length of 
the first, but while containing simple words 
(the more monosyllables the better) let them 
be if possible from another writer, and of a 
different claga from the first. If from a dif- 
ferent authorthe difference in style of writ- 
ing will generally be sufBcient to give 

variety to the pbraaes used, 
of words. One hundred < 
simple character are DOoe loo many. 

As to the speed at wbicb tUoae selections 
are to be wrilten, set your murk higb. 
Never give up evi!n the first one at less than 
one hundred words per minute, wrilten witb 
nbitolute eorreftne«» of outline and jMgilion, 
and witb perfert Ugtbility. If it takesaday. 
or a week, or even more, do this one Ibiog 
and do it well. When you find Ibat simple 
initiergeW "easy" lo you, tbal is, when 
you find few or no words tbe outlines of 
which you arc uofamiliar witb. choose 
matter similar to No. 2 of my examples. 
A few proper names (especially those whose 
outlines are to be found in tbe pbono- 
grapbic dictionary) will not be amiss if 
occurring in ibe text. In this class of 
mailer be an tborougbly careful as in tbe 
first. Pay especial attention to phrasing. 
And a word right here. Never write a 
pbrase which in both writing and speaking 
does not seem " natural." It will need but 
little experience to show what I mean by 
this. In lbi» class I would not advise 
lengthy exercises. Two hundred words 
will make an exercise of about tbe right 
lengtb at first and five bundred for tbe 
maximum. Keep up the standard. Write 
and re-write until little thought is required 
as to forms, and pay all attention to accu- 
racy of pusitiou and outline. 

For tbe next class of work choose letters. 
They can be had for tbe asking, and uiue- 
tentbs, of the steuograpbers are amanuenses. 
Then lake an example of legal work, and a 
sermon now and then. When you can 
write " the firsl lime trying "a letter of say 
five bundred words in four minutes, and 
can read it back in three, and can do Ibis 
■'every time" you need have no fear as to 
your ability to do tbe work of au ordinary 

In choosing your exercises if you can by 
any possibility find phonographic copy, use it. 
There is no education for the sbortband 
writer like that of' tbe eye. There is an 
unconscious spirit of imitation tbul is a 
wonderful aid in securing exactness and 
size of outline. Write a small band. It 
takes longer lo walk two uiilcs than one, 
even on paper. Write witb bolb pen and 
pencil. Write with the finger movement 
mainly, tbe " muscular movtment " is of no 
avail for the reason that there is no regu- 
larity of motion and slant as in longhand. 
Hold your pen as you feel, gives you the 
best results — eiiber as in longhand or be- 
tween the first and second fingers ; in fact 
it is well to wiiie both ways, as in along 
"lake" a change from one to tbe other is 
restful. Practice upon separate outlines. 
If there is one form that presents unusua 
difiicully in execution, that is tbe cue that 
should be mastered before all others. Read 
your own notes ; but let me say that no one 
who writes with accuracy ever writes a 
word be cannot read. Pbonography is a 
pn-cise science, there is no guets work — or 
hbould be none — write acurately and you 
will read readily. 

Tbe three exercises which I give will 
serve for practice. If difficulty is found in 
translating I would be pleased to send trans- 
lation to any who may desire it. 
J. N. Kimball, 

1(16 East 07lb Street. 

Edison's Perfected Phonograph 

Edison has ai last announced tbe comple- 
tion of bis perfected phonograph and i 
making aciive preparations to put it on the 
market. He expresses tbe greatest faith in 
its capabilities as a machine for receiving 
dictalion, and the entire correspondence of 
his lars;e business is conducted through it. 
You just talk into the machine through a 
tube and tbe sound is stored up for future 
use by means of a was tablet which receives 
the impression from a fineneetllpanci conveys 
it to a diaphragm. You can dictate about 
1.200 words on a tablet and lay it aside for 
another (it will keep in order indefinitely). 
When through wiih the tablet it can be 
scraped automatically and used a number of 

The typewriter operator attaches himself 
lo tbe machine by another tube and " takes 
off " the dictatioD, going fast or slow at 

will. One of those operators was so i-u 
gaged when a reporter called, a few days 
since, at the famous electrican's new 
quarters at Llewellyn Park. New Jersey. 

" All our business correspondence Is car- 
ried on in this way now," said Mr. Edison, 
and he showed the letters as typed olf by 
the listener at tbe phonograph. Sonu- of 
them related to complicated matters and 
included elaborate estimates for electric 
light and other manufactured articles. 

"We save time for the person who dic- 
tates and tor the typewriter copyist," he 
said. "They have not got to be together 
at tbe same mumcnl. I can dictate when- 
ever it is most convenient and leave the 
typewriter to take it off by his machine 
whenever he comes to tbe ofiiee. It all 
comes out perfectly clear, and there is 
scarcely any correction of tbe typed cor- 
respondence. Besides we don't need now 
to have a man who understands stenography, 
because the copyist hears the words just as 
we speak Ibem ; and the phonograph, by 
pressing one key. cau be made to stop 
speaking and then go ou when tbe copyist 
is ready, (or by pressing another key be can 
make the machine repeat as often as be 
wants anything be doesn't understand at 

" Won't that hurt stenographers in their 
business and give cheap typewriting opera- 
tors a preference over skilled ones?" was 

" No, intelligent copyists will always be 
iu demand, to work in connection witb tbe 
phonograph. Stenography will not be 
needed so much. But an intelligent nia- 
ebine is not going to hurt intelligent laborers 
or employees, Don't you remember lliu 
history of the spinning jenny and Whitney "s 
cotton-gin. and bow those machines gave 
employment to more hands, instead of 
throwing people out ot work ? The phono- 
graph, by facilitating business, will, if any- 
thing, open the door for more and more 
skilled operators and copyists, to meet the 
rush of new demands created by the im- 
provement. That's the way these things 
always work." 

Another application of tbe phonograph 
was mentioned, viz . that it woidd be used 
for recording private memoranda and busi- 
ni'ss or other conferences where tbe presence 
of a sttinograpbcr is not desired. " These 
wax blanks, containing the memoranda, 
can be slipped off the cylinder and kept for 
reference," said Mr. Edison. "We have 
got a process, too, of reproducing them to 
any amount from a single talking. The 
original cylinder or the copies may be 
mailed anywhere, supposing you have 
dictated a letter on them, and then put on 
lo another phonograph way off and made 
lo talk. We have made mailing-boxes for 
this purpose, to carry the wax cylindtrs, 
and they will carry all right, for we have 
te ted the boxes by throwing them up to a 
high ceiling and letting them fall, lo sec 
wbethei- the shock injured the wax inside 
tbe box. Then, speaking of practical uses, 
we are now able to put a phonograph 
cylinder at the telephone and make it talk 
lo some one in New York by wire. This 
we have dune repeatedly. But if you are in 
any doubt about the thing being useful in a 
practical way, I may us well mention that 
we break ground next Monday for bull. ling 
a big phonograph factory 000 feet long and 
To feel wide. The contract is signed, by 
which it is to be finished in two luonihs, 
and tbe machinery is all ordered, A thing 
like that costs a great deal of money, and 1 
don't go into it, neither do my associates, on 
a mere chimera. We've got three acres of 
ground for the factory, and all the plant." 

Stenographers have very little reason for 
ularmtbougb. notwithstanding the resounes 
of this marvelous instrument. It must 
necessarily be very costly, and probably will 
get out of order easily, (there are l.iiUU 
pieces in the machine). Again, the services 
of a type-writer operator are required all tbe 
same, and an operator skillful enough to 
maintain a position with a good house would 
command very nearly, perhaps quilt, iis 
much money as is now paid to the average 
stenographic amanuensis. A great obstacle 
to the success of the machine in tbe office, 
we tliink. js tbe apparent difficulty of cor- 
recting matter already dictated. And then, 
skilled hand labor will always command a 
premium. At least that is the way it looks 
through the journals spectacles. 


Volapukian Shorthanders. 
To The ^rfi'/wro/THE . Journal:— 

On the evening of June 14lh a very inter- 
esting and inslruclive ad-PCfes was given by i 
(Jol. Chas. Sprague, author of Handbook 
of Vohipub. at the rooms of the ftletropoli- 
lan Stenographers As^ociati' n, 208 West 
21st street. New York City, in which be 
expliiiued tbe great ulilily of tbe proposed 
new universal language. 

About one hundred stenogr phers were 
present, all of whom testified by their at- 
tention the esteem in which they hold tbe 
speaker and their appreciation of his mas- 
terly presentation of the new language. 

A circle, composed of members of the 
Association, will be organized 
tbe study of the language. 

Stenographers desiring fnrrher informa- 
tion regarding same, will please address P. 
M. Applcgale, Secretary. 

Yours sincerely, 

F. M. Afpleoate, 

;.i ii-ui' K"""-' glimmering tn dreaii 

^ry iliitit: ddw is brielit, lively, and u 

The Rpmli>glon Wrlier. 

The Caligraph Writer, 

TheHammnnd Tjpewrltnr. 

Si> fatthful and true. 
Miulllnolonecr I wield llll Im wear 


d dreary. 

Tlie Calicrapb Writer, 

longer I 


Tlie Hammond 

'I'lie Romingtoo Writer, 

Ttie dear little eir. 
culean tnak was my large corr«spoudeui 
lien it had to be written wiih tuk and wl 
now I I'un tiave leisure time in nbundar 


Willi the Hiimm. 
Tlie RtniiuBlon 
The Cdligrjiph \ 

aome from theoflii 
Justbrf ■ ■ ■ 
.lid eaob 


brought by the car' 

Tlie Remingto 
Ilammond Tj 


, please, by n 

The c'aliitraph V 
The Ilammond '-.^-. 
Wlih Joynuwl hall. 
This large correspondence would aiirely eonfoun 

Or Bel my nerves danulng, my head in a whirl; 
I would likely go off to the mill-p»nd and drow: 

Had I not In my sprrice a typewriter girl. 
Oh ihe jolly typewrllt-r, 
The winsome typewriter. 
The hHudsome typewriter, 
'the typewriter glrll 
Wiih penuil am 

<t di.:l 

r hide me 

n.. oai TuE Juui 

^ Typewriter Headquartersy 

70 VC 

"''-y 144 

Broadway, V 

ry La Salle St 

H. y. Oity. > 

^/ Chicago. 


I'hilu'lclphia. Pa 

SI *50 A °^" ''"* cuntuining com- 

I aWVa plete oiitllt for Hhortlmnd 
pupils, such 03 note books, penclln. pens, rubber 
Ink-tand. etc., etc.. will bo fent, postpaid or ex- 
' any part of the United Statoti 






The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy. Act-utHte and Kellablc St^ind stamp for a 
;t3-piige Clri.-ular. htachlneii lentid ou trial. 

II rj /Vkv lU'IuciU to •?.■.. 

UUAMTCn ^^^ young people loloara siiorthand 
VlAnitU by mail, fwHl take you through 
ilio |trluoi[>les free. Kvery worthy student guar- 
luiteed a posllion. Largest Shorthand School Iu 

luntry. I/twrst tuldoii: bent aoei<mmoda- 

ilons. It will c 

im m.tlilngtoglve the h 

' ■ ' • tandn-mui 

I from $V) I 

\A begin thl_ 

Address W.T. LAKI- 

.... Iiand and Type 

I College, Shenatiiloah, I 

pleasant and r 
from , 
il begin 

Instructor Shorthand and Typewriting, 


by tnail; trial lea;«on Hi<d circular rree. In- 




CYC LOSTY LES, ''giS^Xf''^;,',,^'.' 
ALIGR APHSr^ht B?»"> yi'l^No 

Scpd tor circ's. W. G. CHAFFEE, OsweEo, N.Y. 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by rani!, The b^'st sy^tera and Iburoiiiih 
Instruction. Send »tamp for pamphlet and 8pe(.'i- 
men of writing. 

S-ia Teacher ol shoithand, t-itlaburg. Pa. 

Seven Solid Statements 

understanding o 

1 teaching: 


Standard Typewriter. 

We guarantee I 
Buy them with tl 
them imbroken a 

lerloilty of our machines. 
,'ii,ki:e "V itn'OKflliNG 

^ :ii.Uv*C. 0. D. 

327 Broadway, New York. 

Washington, Le Droit Building 
Baltimore, 9 N. Charles St. 
Minneapolis, 12 Third St. 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St. Louis, 308 N. Sixth St 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St 
London, 100 Gracechurch St., 

Ai: 1 rJOlIK.XAI. 

The Editor's Leisure Hour. 

ture lessoii iu The Johr- 
KAi.. the test being to lit 
the aulliore lo fifty quota- 

evoked no response nearly so sitisfadory 
as that from George H. Scliweiuhart. of St. 

Mary's Institute. . The dash is 

made necessary by the singular fjict that a 
person of such hrotid Uterury information 
should have omitted the address from his 

Mr. Schweinbart's list still leaves about 
one-third of the quotations unplaced. Let 
some of the other literary readers of The 
Journal give us the benefit of their know, 
ledge both in filling out the list appended 
and correcting any errors which it may 
contain. For the list of quotations sec The 
Journal for May. pa?e 71. 

This is Mr. Sciiweinhart's list : 

3. George P. Morris. 

4. Pope. 
(1. Butler. 

n. Cowper. 

12. Julius Caesar. 

13. Shakespeare, 

1(1 Holmes, 

18. Longfellow. 

IS). Sarah Flower Adams. 

21. Bryant. 

22. Emerson. 

23. Tennyson. 

24. Kichard Monrktou Milues. 
2(1. Longfellow. 

2ft. Pollock. 

30. Keats. 

31. Thomas Hood. 

32. Fitz-Greene Ilalleck. 

33. President Jackson. 

35. Patrick Henry. 

36. Said of Alexander Hauiiltnn. 

87, Bishop Hebor. 

88. Hood. 

39. Byron. 

40. Oliver Hazard Perry. 

41. Daniel Webster. 

43. Captain Lawrence. 

44. Cowper. 
4i. Scott. 

4((. Charles Kiugslcy. 

47. Ballad of the hue war. 

49. Washington Irving. 

"Of the remaining extracts" Mr. S 
writes " I am not quite certain. I am a 
diligent reader, yet have never met with 
them bpfore as far as I can reniembe-r ; hut 
1 could get up a number to puzzle the 
noddles of our young litierateur.s. That 
was a capital idea, and I am looking for- 
ward with much iaieresl. to the eomiiie 

The Hen an<l Eeg «u<-Btlou. 

A number of responses were received lo 
the " Barnyard "problem prepared in ihe 
May number of The Jotiknal. The best 
written letter (both as regards penmanship 
and diction) embodying the correct re- 
sult, came from S. Black. Jr.. Wakefield. 
N. H . and is as follows: 

"I make the answer to the egg question 
iu Art Journal 32'. ^ eggs. I do it as fol 
lows: If one hen auda half lay an egg and 
one-half in a day and one-half, one hen in 
one day will Jay two-thirds of an egg, fi',, 
hens will lay 6'^ times •{^ which is 4>j eggs 
this(4i.,)i8 what G'.j hens will lay in one 
day, and "'^ days would of c )urse lay 7> , 
X 4^3 which is 3'-'i,;," 

The correct result is also sent by E. Bow. 
rrs. Wade B. Brown. Hudson's Mill, Va.. 
C, L. Hamilton. Withee. Wis., 8. S. Hi-, 
selgrave. St, Paul Minn., and others. 

A subscriber writes ; 'A friend asks me 
to multiply five dollars by five dollars. I 
do so and announce the result as JM. All 
right. Now multiply rm cents by 500 
cents, giving the answer in cents pure and parts of a dollar 
I do so and am surprised to sec the figures 
climb up 10 250.000 ccnUi. which is $2.r>(l0. 

As t5 and 500 cents are equivulcnl, ihe re- 
suit is puzzling. It cannot be urged that 
decimal marks should be used. A cent, as 
fuch. is as distinct a unit as a dollar and as 
re ull is to be announced in centg. the deci- 
mals cannot be pleaded in extenuation of 
the rather surprising result. Bui there is 
ilearly something wrong, what is it ? " 
Referred to The Journal reaai-rs. 

The following note froui .M. 11. Parsons 
Corrcctionvllle, Iowa, speaks for il-elf : 

"I have noticed several attempts iu The 
Journal to construct the shortest possible 
sentence containing all the letters of the 
alpbabel. Chas. B. Hall attempts one and 
breaks down right at the beginning. He 
has omitted "W" and " Q." I will sub- 
mit one which contains all ihe letters and 
has no doublets:— J. V. Phiewand Q Z. Gib 

uck t 


Editor Charles C. Beale of Sienography 
Boston, revise-* Mr. Hall's sentence in pre- 
cisely the same way. 

Half dozen others have written to point 
out the same error, among them H. D, Cro- 
well. Hartford. Conu. ; J. F. Clark, Can- 
ton, Pa, ; and Locke Thompson. Templeton, 

The objection to the -sentence given above 
is that one half of the letters written—are 
used in proper names, those letters most 
difficult to place in ordinary words being 
smuggled in as initials. Proper names are 
purely arbitrary, and one might bear the 
entire alphabet as an appellation, bad hi9 
parents so willed. The true test is to use 
no proper names at all. Let us see who 
cin make the shortest sentence in this way, 
using all the letters. 

The South African Ulantoiul Trad*-. 

From September 1. 1882, to December 31, 

1887, the comparative yearly exports of dia. 

monds from South Africa were as follows: 

Carats. Declared Value. 


. . 8,509,086 


1886 .... 

.. 3.13,5,433 


188") . . 

.. 2.44l).788 


1884 .... 

, . 2,368.686 


1883 .... 

. . 3,413,053 


Total. ... 13 852,8»5 15,801,(11 1 

Showing the very considerable total of 
€15.801.000. which does not seem to have 
been considered in comparative tables of 
exports and imports, though it has as much 
influence on trade by increasing the pur- 
chasing power of South Africa, as if, in- 
stead of articles of luxury, they were in- 
gots of copper or lumps of pig-iron. It is 
estimated that since the beginning of the 
mines, in 1871-2. not less than forty mil 
lions sterling value of gems has been ex- 
ported — all in firsi instance to England, 

A writer iu the London Economist calls 
atlention to the strangely persistent value 
of diamonds during the period when valucg 
of every kind were diminishing by leaps and 
bounds, as well as the extraordinary "ab- 
sorbent" power of the world iu this respect 
The foregoing is the table from which he 
furnished his remarks. 

Perbaps the most elaborate and cosily 
inkstand in the country is the one now in 
the possession of Robert T. Lincoln, of 
Chicago, and which stood for a time on Ibe 
private desk of his father when the latter 
was the occupant of the White House. It 
seems that one of the delegates from Ari- 
zona in Congress, in 1865. had become so 
fond of President Lincoln that he wished to 
give him some memento of his friendship. 
He sent to Arizona for four hundred ounces 
of silver, which were molded by Tiffany & 
Co. into a handsome and uniquely decorated 
inkstand. The material itself cost ^500, 
and the bill for the work upon it was |862. 
It had not been on the President's desk a 
month before the assassination occurred, 
and forthe twenty-two years since ihen it 
has lain in a vault. 

and if you don't you ought to.— that there 
never was a truer thing said than " the best 
is the cheapest. " So while there are pens in 
the market that cost only half as much as 
Ames' Best, it is in the long run tlie 


Guy Guthrie was a town-bred youth who 
found, upon his father's death, that his po- 
sition was not quite what it used to be when 
he had an overworked father to foot his 
bills and keep up appearances for himself 
and motherless sister. 

What the careless bity would have done, 
bad it not been for his father's maiden 
sister. Aunt Sophroni'i. no one knows, but 
she iramedialely sent for the brother and 
sister, cautioning them to bring alt their 
belongings, for going to town was a luxury 
which she or her dependents did not often 
indulge in, 

*■ If it were anywhere but in the coun- 
try." sighed Guy. ruefully. "I shouldn't 
feel so about it," 

" The green and blessed country," mus- 
ed Susie. ' I'll like it above all things. " 

■■Yes. because you are a girl, and never 
have to do anything anyway. Now I'll 
have to plow and. drag and transform my 
self into a regular rustic, just for the salie 
of my bread and butter — a gloriou-; pros 
pect. certainly." 

■■Beggars cannot be chosers." returned 
Susie. "And I shall have to work. too. 
Aunt Sophy wrote that she expected me to 
taSe care of the poultry." 

"Quite a roostercratic appearance you 
will make, won't you ? " laughed Guy. rue- 

"I shall not listen to your fowl talk.^^ 
said Susie, endeavoring to rouse Guy from 
his gloomy feelings. 

■■Gobble, gobble, gobble, gobble," sang 
Guy from the Mascotte. 

" Baa-a," came a merry voice from the 
doorway, and then George Maynard came 

) the r 

. say II 

"Practicing for the stage, Guy? I 
thought I'd run in for a particular parting 
call before you left us " 

The young man addressed himself to 
Guy, but his eyes were fixed upon Susie, 
and he drew his chair up to her side, 

"Very grateful. lam sure." returned Guy. 
mischievously. "But as my attractions 
always grow small and beautifully less 
when compared to those of my sister, and 
as I cannot consent to play the wallflower, 
I'll decamp to see you later." 

Quite a youthful couple were the two. 
Guy Guthrie so considerately left to them- 
selves for a last chai before their long sepa- 

Susie was a delicate little blossom of six- 
teen years, reared in all the idleness and 
luxury of a daughter of wealth ; the change 
to the sunshine and activity of the country 
promised to be a godsend to her, while 
George Maynard was the picture of health. 
He was but eighteen years of age. but pos- 
sessed every instinct of a refined aud geoer- 

His true heart had been proved by his 
conduct to Guy and his sister. When their 
reverses had became known, he had faith- 
fully followed them from their beautiful 
home to the cheap boarding house which 
they now occupied, 

■■ So you're really going into the country. 
Susie ? " said he. when ihe clatter of Guy's 
departure was no longer heard. 

*■ Yes," she replied, ■■ and we can never 
he too grateful to Aunt Sophy for offering 
us a home at this juncture," 

" I like the country myself, or. rather. I 
think I would like it. I have never passed 
a week outside of the city limits. Perhaps 
some day, however, if yon find a pleasant 
home there. I shall make you a visit and 
thus taste the pleasures of rural life myself. '• 

" Yes," said Susie, flushing a little. "Guy 
will probably write you. and j ou will know 
how we are getting along. The worst fear 
I have is for him. I am aJraid he will not 
be contented there." 

" I shall certainly not lose sight of you. 
Susie. I think you knew that before I told 
you. and I want to make you promise me 
before we part that you will not make any 
matrira(uiial engngemcnls for five years. It 
seems a little eternity, doesn't it?" 

The young girl made no reply, but the 
tears in her blue eyes, raised so trustfully 
to his. told George Maynard how deeply 
her feelings were stirred. 

■ Wont you promise me, Susie? And you 
may he assured, if we are bo'h Jiving, dar- 
ling, at the end of that time, I shgjl find you 

7 be.- 

'■I promise." she said in a low tone. 
George drew the brown head to his shoulder 
and kissed the sweet face fondly. 

"That's a darling. See. Su-ie, what I 
have brought you." 

He drew from his pocket as he spoke a 
neck chain of elegant workman ship. and sus- 
pended from it was a locket of purest gold, 
He touched a spring revealing a portrait of 
h's own sunny face hidden in the heart of 
Ihe ornament. 

" You see I did nut want you to forget 
how I looked, Susie. Will you wear this 
for my sake?" 

■ Indeed I will, George. I shall treasure 
it as a memetituof the happy life I have left 
behind me." 

" And aia token of Ihe life in the future 
which will he still happier. Is it not so, 

Guy's footstep* were now heard on the 
stairs, and Susie had only lime to dry her 
eyes when he entered the room. 

" Ha, ha ! If ym havpn't both been cry- 
ing. What a precious pair of spoons ! 
Come down to the parlor. Let's have one 
more song before we part." 

The brother and sister did find a change 
in the tenor of their lives, hut it was a 
change for Ihe better. Susie growing 
strong and robust in her beauty, and Guy, 
forgetting bis growing rusticity, delved 
away at farm work, as if he had been to the 

- Occasionally they heard from their old 
friends, mostly through George Maynard, 
who corresponded regularly with Guy, hut 
they never had returned, even fora day. fo 
the old scenes 

Two years rolled rapidly into the past and 
then Aunt Sophronia left them for a better 

The two found them.«elves joint owners 
of as lovely a homealmost as they could de- 

Guthrie Cottage was known for miles 
around for its grand -old trees, its verdant 
lawns, climbing vines, and glorious roses of 
every variety. 

Guy and Susie were entirely happy in 
their home, although sometimes they did 
look back to the pleasant days of their 

One day Susie received a letter from an 
old friend. It read : 

My Dearest Susie:— I have just been 
listening to some glorious reports of your 
rural home, and another friend of yours and 
myself have determined to inflict our com- 
pany upon you for a time. Who that other 
is I will leave for a surprise for you upon 
our arrival. Expect us Saturday. 

Minnie Liitle. 

Susie took the letter to her brother, where 
he was resting between a great oak in the 

'■ You remember Minnie Little. Guy?" 

"Yes I remember her." he replied. 
'''George writes me that she is a beauty and 
a belle. I shouldn't wonder if she had sup- 
planted you, Susie." 

"Nonsense," ejaculated Susie, impatient- 
ly. •■Why can't you talk sensibly?" 

"You think it impossible for another to 
rival yourcharms? What an exhibition of 

■■Will you never cease your joking? I 
want the ponies and carriage to go after 
Minnie, Saturday." 

"Impossible, as the ponies will he in 

'■Why, Guy, you wouldn't leave her to 
get here from the station hy herself, would 

■■Why not?" 

■'What a tease you are. I repeal it — I 
want the ponies. ■■ 

■■And so do I repeat it — you cannot have 

"Why, Guy, there is no reason why I 
should not have them." 

••But there is." 


"Because I want them to go after Minnie 

'•I might have known it," laughed Susie. 
'■Don't you waut to do Ihe housework and 
let me farm it while Minnie is here?" 

"Yea," answered Guy. with a comical 
frankness. "That is exactly what I would 

"I thought 60 hut it wouldn't do you any 

Vim eJouKNAi; 

good. Minnie would never noiice an old 
furmer like yoiirsrlf." 

Wtib Ibis parrinj; sliot Susie left litr pro- 
V. kin-,' brotticr to himeelC. 

But bi'fore Siiturday there camp nnolbcr 
note which read as follows: 

My r>EAit Susie: — 1 have been disappoinl" 
ed a day or two in visiting you. Tbc i riend 
who intended to areompany ine was Mrs. 
lieorae Maynnrd, but a sudden summons tn 
Nmv York has prpvented our visitiup you 
tog'^ther. I sbrtll be witb you nn Tucdny. 

Susie read this note lbroui:Ii the second 
time before she could comprehend irs mean" 

Mrs George Maynurd. Then George was 
married, and bis wife had thought of visit- 
ing her. 

Thrice blessed Providence which bad kept 
Jipr away! 

And she had f incied herielf engaged to 
{Jforge Maynard Ml too plainly she re 
memberei George -< wordi 

■■Promi'se mp nnt to m^k \ I mn 

■•I never saw but one place so handsome 
asthis, ami that in George Maynard's in the 
suburbs. Vou ought to see it. Sue." 

\o reply from pale faced Susie, and Min- 
nie rattled away on some newly discovered 
beiiuly among the flowers. 

After M time Minnie and Guy began to 
quarrel whenever they were together. Susie 
looked on in astonishment and sometimes 
she had to use her best endeavors to prevent 
an open rupture. 

Although Minnie doted on the country, 
she did not like the people who inhabited it 
at all, she faid. 

Guy, who had forgotten his olden tirades 
about the country, would always get almost 

" Think of a man spending his whole life 
bthmd a yoke of o\en she said 

Bi I I don t drive oxen he retorted 
makin^ a pergonal matter of it I dnv 

tl 1 est of iboroughbreJs 

■Ohl I doo"t know.- Minnie wou'd reply- 
then she would be so silent when Guy did 
return that be would be angry with her for 

" You are the strangest pair," said Su-iie 
one evening, when she bad tried in vain for 
an hour to make them talk. " I believe you 
are in love with each other." 

That must have hastened matters, for 
the next morning they were both miss- 

After her work was done Susie sat down 
on the piazza to await their return. 

She was engaged upon some intricate 
fancy work, and while busily couuiing her 
pattern she beard a step near her. She look- 
ed up to see George Maynard's brown eyes 
fixed s'eadily upon her. 

"George ! " she exclamed. 
Susie 1 he cried and caught her to his 

And lb 

aiiul cntragement for ti 

j-est had been her own imagination. 

Thank henven the news had come to her 
as it had, for now Minnie LItfle should 
never know, for doubtless George's wife was 
a mutual friend of theirs, and if Minnie 
knew, Georges wife must suspeni her se- 

She unclasped the chain and was about to 
throw it away. 

"I cannot! Oh. Icannot," she cried, and 
hid the long cherished souvenir upon her 

Guy was thunderstruck. 

"I never imagined such a thing." he said. 
"I haven't heard from him very lately; but 
Sue. one thing, don't question Minnie one 
thing about him. or she may suspect some 

The black ponies were at the depot the 
next Tuesday evening, and came home again 
bearing a vision of loveliness in the person 
of Minnie Little. 

She was delighted with the countrj', go- 
ing into ecstaeies over Gutbrle Cottage. 

■■They'iu not like Mr. Nicholsons." 
sighed Minnie. 

"Mr. Nicholson is a simpleton." {sotfo 

"Mr. Nicholson has a lovely turnout," 
returned Minnie, severely. " And, oh ! he is 
just splendid, always ready to take one 
whore she wishes to go." 

"But I am ready to take you wherever 
you wish to go." said Guy, looking at her 

"Ob ! I suppose so. but then I don't care 
to go anywhere," carelessly, 

And then G'ly would hitch up the de 
spispd span and drive off to the village and 
spend the whole day. 

"Sue," Minnie would say after a time, 
"when do you suppose Guy will come 

" Do you suppose he went off because he 

" I cannot say. If you think you are to 
blame for his absence, why do you lease 
him so?' 

" Your wife !*' she attempted to say, se 

" Yes, if you'll have mo," replied 

" But— but are you not married? " 

" Why, nonsense ! What made you ima- 
gine that?" 

For answer she put Minnie's letter, which 
was in her pocket, into his hand. 

"I see," he said. " I'll ask her what she 
meant by writing such nonsense as that. 
But I think she meant me, for I proposed 
coming down here with her." 

All hour pussed by during which George 
told Susie a piece of unexpec'ed good for- 
tune which had befallen him, He wished 
to he married immediately and take her to 
the home Minnie bad told her of. Susie had 
scarcely consen'ed when Guy and Minnie 
were seen appronching them, the arm of the 
former thrown about the slender waist of 
the latter. All the mischief had come back 
to Guy's blue eyes. He took off his hat to 
the couple on the piazza, and said, solemn- 

" I want but Litlle here below." 

When the laugh had subsided George 
turned to Minnie. 

" Look here, Minnie Little, what did you 
mean by writing to Susie about Mrs. Oeorgfe 

"Guy has been telling me something 
about it," she replied. "I did not know that 
I bad done so. Let me see the letter." 

George handed it lo her. She read it and 

"It does look 80, doesn't it? But, my 
dear friends, that 's ' is nothing more than 
a slip of the pen." 

Editor of Tbe JounNAL :— Enclosed you 
will find a photo, of some of my pen- 
work recently finished. I wonder if some 
of your subscribers wouldn't like to ex- 
change photos of engrossing wiih me, as I 
have quite a number of different ones •{ 
Chas. O. Winter, 

^tna Life Tnsuranee Company, 
Hartford. Conn, 

Love Letters by Proxy. 

I''H^liliinabl*> Wonifiii wlio Buy Neii(liii<<iital 
Letters lustfud of Writing Tlieiii. 

"I'm, I believe, the only person engaged 
in the business in Chicago," said the hand- 
some and bright lady whose business card 
bore the words : " Letter writer." "I have 
written letters for ladies who. from their 
wealth and surroundings, you would sup- 
pose could do their own corresponding, I 
have, however, found many such who could 
neither spell, nor write plainly, nor fxprees 
their ideas. I have written a good many 
letters for persons who make no pretense of 
their inability to do so themselves. But the 
bulk of my patrons cometo me. not because 
they are unable to write, but because they 
cannot command expressions for their 

"What are the letters about generally?" 

■' Well, that would be telling. But if you 
won't say I told you, they ore mostly letters 
of sentiment. The greater part are love 
letters. You think that persons would pre- 
fer to write such letters themselves. So 
they do when the sentiment they breathe is 
real. But ihe letters I write are those of 
occasion. Each party desires to impress 
the other with epistolaiory beauties, and 
not having any themselves— well. I furnish 
the sentimenis for them. It's very easy," 
she added, witb a flavor of cynicism. 
" There's a regular stock of sentiments for 
ail occasions that please all people alike. If 
some gentlemen who are the proud posses- 
sors of glowing letters from ladies knew 
that some of their friends bud others from 
other ladies, hut nearly all alike except in 
words, and all coming from the same source, 
they wouldn't be so proud. Ladies write 
much alike, and so, for that matter do gen- 
tlemen. I noiice one tbingaboul the latter, 
however, ihat is peculiar. Young gentle- 
men up to the age of 23 or 24 are very effu- 
sive and gushing in their protestations. 
Prom that age on to 40 they grow more 
guarded and cold. They are afraid of ridi- 
cule or something. Perhaps they are sus- 
picious and distrustful. But after 'gentle, 
men reach middle life they return to youth- 
ful ardor in their letters of sentiment. 
Queer, isn't it?" 

' ' What other kinds of documents do you 
turn out ?" 

" Oh, letters of condolence, of congratu- 
lation, of ceremony and so on— letters that 

out of the power of the apparent writers 
themselves lo construct."— C'/i(r«^o Herald. 

will try the patience of a saint. What is 
the excuse for subjecting yourself to 
such an annoyance when you can get a 
quarter gross box of Ames' Best for 35 cents 
or a gross box for $1. 

An American writing from the Orinoco 
River sends home word (hat in a sixty days' 
trip he has shot 'Aiiii aligators and 90 Jaguars. 
There are times when we are compelled to 
believe that the pen is even mightier than 
the tifle.— J9()*ton Po»t. 

PENMAN'S Art Journal 


I «]ratcina of wrillog, 

Pay^lSta'illl^anH'.'^NTl^v" rii- 

Special Summer Offer 

J uiits »July and A^ugust, 

The new premium schedule of The Journal (announced in the issue 
of February last) gave the friends of the paper sometliing new to work for- 
To good, active'workers the terms are the best ever made, and all persons 
who send subscriptions to the Journal should keep a copy of the premium 
issue before them. 

Some of our friends have written us that they have received money for 
subscriptions from persons who had been canvassed when the old premium 
schedule was in force, and who were unaware of the clninge. Such agents, very 
many of them teachers, have Jisked earnestly for a little further extension of 
time on the old list in order to meet such cases as we have named. 

In view of these farts we have concluded to restore the old premium 
offers for the montlisof June. Julyand August. The premiums are as follows : 



Th4 Jo'imai'f Oensrai Agent for Canada it A. J, 
SmaU, whote headquarttrt are 13 Grand Opera 
Uoutt, Toronto. EUloU Fragtr. Secretary " dreUde 
la SalU," Quebec, (P. 0. Box IM), U epeciai agmtfor 
that city and vidttUv. The International Newt Oo., 
11 Bouverie Strtet {FUet SlreeCi. London^ are tU 
foreign agentt. 


Ten Cents for 

February n 

u.iibei- of 


lOURNAL. conta 

Ining Five 

Pages or 


Id Premium In 


vliile we 


b:xtra Copfeit to 

spare. Ty, 



es, MundreiU 

i.f Standar( 


Gold ^ 

Vatehes, Breed 

-Loading .SI 

ot Guns 



OutHU, Scroll Shwk 


Lntlieg, Pen ma 

ship Outflts, etc.. 

Tim if 

ff AWAY. Tl»e. 


.f . llfe- 

ThePeiimuti'sArt J 



» liiiloth, the prl' t 

Flourinhtil Eao 

WMSuli ciii>iii.iiiji,eaL^h witli premium, uiid unrx^j 
il twelve 9uj)soi Ipllons, each with premium, and 

-- a4xSS 

1 premium of a copy <; 
>n extra premium of 

; Penmangkip, I 

tif A rnt»' Compenetium oj Ornamenfai Penmanthlp, price ^, 

The restoration of the old premiums will in no way interfere with the 
new plan which is far too good a thing to abandon or even lay nside for a shoit 
time. ;i 



emaiu separate aii^I distinct. \ 
Choni^ ; of course you cairt have both. 

Io\y, ri'iends, let us hear from you lively all along the lifie 


but it is not nearly so general as it otiglit lo 
be. There are a tbousaml and one ways ot 
marketing with profit the product of a clev- 
er automatic arlist's skill. We Ihinlt thai 
the penman who adds this accomplishment 
to bis "repertoire" will be doing himself a 
great favor. There are a dozen very capa- 
ble artisis with the automatic pen whom we 
readily recall. The subject was brought to 
our mind just at this time by some speci- 
mens submitied by C. E. Jones, Principal 
of the Business Department of the Tabor, 
la.. College. These specimens for grace 
and harmony of form and color can scan-e- 
ly he siirpiis'^cd We are informed Ihat Mr. 
.loiifs i^ ninkiiii: :i irrcat .su'cess of teaching 
tbc- !irl liy niiiil. This is as it should he. We 
wi>!i him iioii all other disseminators of 
such u-ofiil ktn.wjedee a i 

All PEii(*oN8 who contemplate attendinc 
the meeting of the National Educational 
Association at San Francisco, will find it 
greatly to their advantage to secure accom- 
moriations in advance ; this they can do by 
writing to M. Babcock. chairman of the 
committee on hotels and accommodations. 
Flood's building, Fourth and Market streets, 
San Francisco. A large aitendance is ex- 
pected. One good thing about Ihe queen 
city of the Pacific is tbatholel charges there 
are said to be more moderate than in any 
other city in the Union. The Jouhnal will 
bnght and early. 

San F 
Convention open: 

I July 17, and lasts four 

rdfrer Betrayed by hU Handwrit- 
i, Freah Brt-eze from the Prairies. 

8 Month of June (Verses) 

Th tiie " ' Teauhers" " Asiso 
Bioihers' Haivlwrltlnt;: . 

Illustrations for " Expert 
Phonographic Script i.I N hi 

Preparlniif Jnjia Ink ^ !■: |- ,s,, 

Portraits and Aiit><L'iii|>ii~ ,,[ . 


ness Educati 
give concise 
ceedings of 
least so muc 
calculated t< 

le pro- 
nai be 

To the National Teachers' As- 

We penmen have long cherished a son 
of f:rievance against ceriuiu details of the 
public school system as we find it generally 
throughout the country. We say that while 
the pupil is loaded down with geography. 
stuflTed with grammar, dosed with logic and 
dfized with philosophy, his hand writing is 
left more or less toe ire for itself or directed 
in wrong channels. Nothing could be truer 
Ihan this indictment, though to be sun*, 
there ore exceptions in enterprising com- 
munities which employ skilled writing 
teachers, Even these frequently have so 
little time with the pupils that it is exceed- 
ingly trying, somei imes impossible, to 
kindle the enthusiasm which is essential to 

Knowledge is power, education the lever 
that moves the world. The child who 
studies diligently {or who is diligently 
stuffed) is entiilcdtoall the glory of being 
called a " smart child," of being swathed in 
tucks and spangles and trotted out on state 
shed lustre on the enturi'rising 
It is "a great thing fur a child to , 
hiive down pat the date of Artaxerxes- ■ 
death, the number of killed al the battle of ; 
Agincoun,— to be able to tell you off baud 
the chief seaport t"wns of Mozambique or 
discourse learnedly on the beauties of Aris- 
totle and Herbert Spencer. But this is a 
cold, practical world after all, and however 
desirable scholarly atainmeots, there are 
othei accomplishments more essential to 
success in commerc al pursuits It is worth 
a good deal more to a young person con- 
templaiiog a business career, who has bis 
own way to make in life, to he able to take 
a pen and write good, clear, plain script 
with facility than to be an encyclopedia of 
events that occurred a thousand or two years 

It has been said often enough to be true 
(though not necessarily true for that reason) 
that the fault of this painful neglect of pen- 
manship in the public schools resides as 
much with Ihe teachers as with the school 
directors. We do not think so. Yet it 
must be admitted that if the teachers were 
more positive in tbeir efforls to bring about 
a general and sweeping reform, the trustees 
would be compelled to yield. 

We bring this matter to ihe attention of 
the Na 

1011th ;U 





it lie discussed tn,lv ,, 

There will be present i,.:,, L 

part of the country. An interchange of 

views on a question affecting the interests 

of millions of sch.iol children can only be 

productive of go'-d. The opporlunily should 

not be lost. 

Twin Brothers' Handwriting. 

I hear a good story on a couple of Lewis- 
] ton men. They arc twin brothers and the 
I most remarkable in some respects that ever 
existed. Both are of scientific, artisiic turn 
' of mind, and remarkably capable in many 
, ways.. The most curious thing to me. how- 
ever, is the fact that their great lesem- 
biance extends even to their handwriting, 
and has been a great puzzle to bank officials 
and everybody else. These brothers are in- 
ventive and have lately patented an impor- 
tant device. The story, as I heard it. is 
thai after the specification and affidavits, 
etc.. etc.. were made, it was required that 
both should make oaths and sigu docu- 
ments They did so and the papers were 
sent tb the patent ofBce. 

Not long after their attorney received no- 
tification of irregularities in proceedings 
and soon the specified statement was made, 
from the United States Patent Oflice, that 
the law requTcd that both persons should 
sign the papers, while in this case, it was 
very evident that one person had signed 
both papers. The lawyer smiled. Here 
was a direct statement. The United States 
Patent Office experts didn't say thai they 
"thought" that the names had been signed 
by the same person, but they deliberately 
stated, in so many words, that one person 
had signed both names. He had to make 
a personal e.vplanaiion to the patent office 
and relate how wonderful is the wondrous 
affinity of birth. — Lewision, Me., Journal. 

We suspect that a large proportion of 
what the writer of the above is pleased to 
call "affinity of birth" is due to affinity of 
circumstance. While undoubtedly there 
is a great affinity of characteristics in the in- 
stance mcnlioued, tbe peculiar sameness of 
the writing would be likely to result largely 
from the fact that persons so closely asso- 
ciated would receive about the same instruc- 
tion and enjoy Ihe same facilities for learn- 
ing to write, and that they wou'd coolinue 
to practice under similar environments, the 
one constantly emulating the oiber, which 
would be likely to produce the close resem- 
blance in the hand writing. Yet we believe 
that were the hands of these two individu- 
als to be examined criiically by an expert 
there would be found marked distinguisli- 
inj^ characteristics as between the two 

The NUMBER OF LETTERS received bear- 
ing upon the course of writiug lessons which 
is being given by the editor, is intensely 
gratifying. Tbey are chiefiy from young 
people who, perhaps, are unequal to the ex- 
pense of persona! instruction. Many of the 
very best penmen in this country to day 
fought their way to the front without per- 
sonal instruction. It is a maticr of pluck 
and patience, qualities that will command 
success in any calling ; without which Ihere 
can be no real success. 

We are waiting to hear from the com- 
petitors for our prize story or sketch. As 
they are allowed until August 1st to submit 
these offerings, perhaps they are keeping 
them, buck for burnishing purposes. One 
subscriber writes to know if lie can send 
more than one article. Ves, a dozen if he 
likes Bftt(-r send a good one, ihoujih, than 
a dozen weak and irasliy ones. And above 
all. write plain, sitnpic English, so ihat every 
one will understand whal you are talking 

For ni:A80Hs beyond his control. Mr. 
George E. Little has been unable so far to 
perform his compact lo give The Journal 
some sketches, He writes us that he will 
be on hand very st>on. 

Meeting of Penmen. 
The first two meetings 

Automatic Penmanship- 

Enleringoneof tbe large restaurants of 
New York city the other day we noticed 
that the numerous little signs which it is 
itomary to display in such ph 

Peerless penmanship rcquir* 8 the best of 

lettered with an 
was pleasing 

the ( 

The effect 
treme and attracted 

The thought occurred why not turn 
this wonderful litile instrument into a tool 
of standard and general usefulnessV Of 
rourse automatic penwork has bec-n turned 
to practical account in this and other ways. 

f the Western 
held the pas't two 
midwinter, have been of so much 
pleasure and profit that arrangements have 
been made whereby the members of the 
profession can have midsummer gathering 
of equal enjoyment and benefit. Many 
could not attend in winter who can in the 
summer. The Business Educator's Asso- 
ciation have so divided tteir work that the 
Penmen can have the entire forenoon for 
their work. In arranging a programme ef- 
forts are made to cover every branch of the 
art. lead by the best talent from all parts of 
the country. We think we have in store 
some surprises for both the Easleru and 
Western penmen. 

Lessons are to be given in plain and or- 
namental writing, flourishing, engrossing 
and peodrawing, portrait and automatic 
pen shading work. Most of the class work 
will be done as the teacher would do it he- 
fore his own classes, thus bringing out tbe 
conductors' plans and methods of drill and 
and discipline. Every lesson will be fol- 
lowed by general discussions, in which all 
will be privileged to take part. 

Tbe chairman will consider it a personal 
favor if those expecting 10 attend the meet- 
ings will indicate tbe same by leiter as soon 
as possible. Any suggestions regarding 
subjects or persons desired upon the pro- 
gramme will also be thankfully received. 
We desire to make it as broad, liberal and 
far reaching as possible. 

At this early date a large number have 
written enthusiastically regarding the con- 
vention and indicating that they will be 
present. The only fears are thai some of 
the profession, who would enjoy and profit 
by Ihe meetings most, will negligently let 
the opportunity slip by. We all need the 
rest and will be benefited alike in mind and 

Professor Curliss is preparing to give us 
a royal welcome. Arrange your work if 
possible lo be with us. At the end of another 
twelve monihsyou will he as rich and much 
happier and better satisfied with the work 
you have done. Every teacher neer's such 
an experience. Don't think lightly of it, but 
plan to be at Minneapolis July 18th, 1888. 
and it will do you good. 

Yours fraternally. 
C. S. Chapman, Ch. 8. of P. 
Business E. A. of America. 



The Editor's Calendar. 


— The last naniber of OtukeU't Magazine contains 
an atinouQceinetit of Interest to the penmanship 
profession. It Is to the effetit that A. J. Scarbor- 
ough, who has for the pnst two yeara editrd the 
ifofffufne with marked ubiliiy, has purchased the 
paper outright, and will ohange it bai'k into Its 
old form and name. Tht Penman s Oae*tf«. The 
Hret number of the new bom Oautu is about due 
now. With Sourhoroufch at the helm it la bound 
to be interesting. We wish him very cordially all 
the success whl<.h he oould hope for hiniKOlf. 




—The current number of Tfu Wettern Pmman 
Is the best we have seen for a Ions lime, perhaps 
the beat that has been published. We express our 
admiration for its brilliant yount; editor elsewhtre 
in iMs paper. 

—Last mouth we nnted the experiment of W. 
D. Showalter, of Cleveland, Ohio, at running « 
weekly paper devoted to penmanship. The puper 
'as we said at the time, was quite small, four week- 
ly editions oontainlng about half as much matter 
in all as a single I^sue of Tris JonKNAi.. In this 
respect the editor showed good judgment, because 
it Is always better to start well within bounds and 
grow up Instead of starting up and growing down. 

with too liltle eocouragenient to warrant its 
keeping up a struggle for exislenoR. We are ag'tin 
in receipt of the montlily Pen Ait Hera'd, in whioli 
the editor saya with oommendable oand'T that he 
IS unahle to make the weekly a success. Witli 
a nicely printed and carefully edit' d monthly edi- 
tion, we think he will find the chances of battle 
much more largely lu \iU fnvor. 

—It Is rather a poor month that does not turn 
out one or two new publicatlDDs, more or less de. 
voted penmanship. Some of them never live to 
see another Issue, while others are nothing more 
than college circulars. No. 1 of The Amalftr'a 
(Jazitfe, Fort Suott, Kausus, appeaU partlcuhrly 
to amateur penmen. It is In compact form and 
has eight pages whluh are perhaps e<iual to tlir e 
of the JnuR!fAL'8. I.H Hau- 
editor and publisher. 

n Kdirc 

which e 


ly from ihe AUentown, Pa., College. Is 
nicely printed and has some very good selections. 
W. I. Blackman Is editor and proprietor. 0. C. 
Domey associate and business manager^ 

—A late number of The Nirjhf (if the Quill, Daven- 
port, Iowa, prints the portrait and biography of 
B C. Wood, onenf the piincipulsof the Davenport' 
lowa. Business College. 

—One of the neatest of Business College publl 
cations i» The Bafine»t EduciUor, of the Buflfalo 
Business trnlverslty. lle&-rs. Johnson, Perrln and 
Osborn, the proprietors of the Qourlshlng institu- 
tion, are to be ojngratuUited on the typographlual 
and editorial excclKMice of this tjuarteply puhllud 

—Compact, clearly printed and full ufpiih and 
point Is The Daj/ Book which comes from Diake's 
Jersey City Business College. 

—All about the thriving city of Wtchltu, Kansas, 
not forgetting an exhaustive exposition ol the ad- 
vantages of the Southwestern Businees College 
located there, is what you may learn Irumthe 
journal of that Institution. C. H. Fritch Is principal 
of the college, and the well-known penman. E. M. 
inslructor of 

-lIUl-n Bininat ColUge Joii-na', Dallas. Texa; 
is a good looking paper in any sense in which yo 
nay take It. Its ornate heading and Initial letter 
make Its first page very stylish and 1 

—Mr. Edward Atkinson will open T/ie Popular 
Scenci- Slonrhlyt<<v June with an Incisive paper on 
"Tlie Surplus Revenue." Ee suggests a way, ap- 
pftrently overlooked by other economists, of solv- 
ing the gretit question now before Congress, which 
does not involve any conflict of economic policy be- 
tween the two great parties. 

— Wide Awake for May Is as bright and sunny as 
a May morning. The beautiful frontispiece (after 
Steffeck's famous painting) »hows the late Em- 
peror William and his brother when boys, in com - 
prtuy with their famous mother. Queen Louise. A 
brief article about the JUmperor, with a portrait 
from his last life photograph is timely. 

—The story of "Two Liltle Confederates" In the 
May Sf. .Y/c'A(ifa« is a charming production. Thl-i 
admirable periodical nover falla short of high 
water-mark. We don't know to whom It Is the 
more Interesting.- children or grown folk. 


taiucd 1 

the pronounced 

IS & Rogers' Roche 

in the short space nl 
ional recognition ai 

and sale are almost without parallel in tie history 
ot^«hoollexl books Few books odn boa^tofas 
many warm friends and enthusiastic champions 
and It owes much of its success to the enthusiastic 
and generous efforts of the teachers of the coun- 
try, in extending its use into fields other than their 
Messrs. Williams A Rogers are pubJtbers 

r commercial text bjoks all of 
receired with nc 
it will he found 

pedition. The paper la supplemented by a map 
and a number of 11 lustrations from drawings of the 
artist who accompanied Mr. Keimau on hie perilous 

— Moncure D. Conway has a peculiar and Inter- 
esting paper In the May CoimopoHta/i, entitled 
"The Pedigree of the Devil." H discusses the dif. 
ferent beliefs roucerning the arch fiend to be 
found In the different quarttrs of the earth. Col- 
ored illustrations help out the text, and Mr. Bcnry 
Irving's "Faust" comes In aa a useful accessary. 
We regret to note the puounlary embarrassment of 
The CotmpoiUan, the best S^ Magazine ever 
printed. It Is thought that its existence will not 
be imperiled. 

^Th9 Am*fKan Magasine for May has an inter 
esting paper on "Some of Our Old American 
Cities," A Buare talk about anarchy and dyna 
mite is one of the features of the number. George 
Edgar Montgomery, the dramatic critic. Is billed 
for a paper in the June number. 

— ^uch of our friends as are at all tinctured with 
letters who have any desire to write for their own 
or the publlo'a entertainment, ought to enroll 
themselves-DU the subscription list of The WriUr, 
Boston. This Is a monthly magazine, whose pur' 
ticular object Is to Interest and help all litemry 
workers, both those who have won their spurs, 
and those who are striving to do 80. The paper is 
lirilllantly edited. The May number, for instance 
has a paper from Charles A. Dana, editor of the 
New York Sun. giving en oellent "Advice to Young 
Writers." "Journalism as a Profession forlToung 
Meu"Isihe title of apaperla the same number, by 
James Pnrton. 

which ; 

Their ai 

—We have received a handsomely printed pam- 
phlet with "World English: The Universal Lau 
guage," as the title. Its author Is Alexander Mel, 
vllle Bell, who was responsible for "Visible 
Speech," The scheme, as we understand it. is 
a sort of Volapuk with our owu familiar Euglish 

k business^ 

alleged spelling reform, etis. The English lan- 
guage is long enough, broad enough, and quite 
elastic enough tu meet our modest Individual re- 
quirements, A3 a matter of curiosity, though, if 
nutlitng else, "World English" Is worth looking 
over. I'ulili^shed by N D. C. Hodges, 4T Lafayette 

—The "New Science and Practice of 
by Oeorge Soule, the well known 1 
tea 'her and author, of Noa" Orleuis, 
golden opinions from business educai 
where. In the course of u flattering notice the 
New Orleans Picd^uM of late date thus speaks of 
It: ' The work Is pre-eminently practical and re- 
plete with: First, the latest labor saving forms of 
books for merchandising, commission, minufiio- 
turlng, banking, planting and other lines of busi- 
ness. Second, new forms of ledgers and Invoice 
houks. Third, new and Important work regard^ 
ing worthless and doubtful and loss and gain ac.. 
counts when closing ledgers. Fourth, the new 
ing the 


Sixth, complex work io 
ind commercial affairs. The 
s a text book of the highest 
of standard r 

system of daily pi 
ledger. P»fth, the 
amiuation of 
expert accounting 
work Is designed i 

Ihorlty foi 

Tne Editor's Scrap-Book. 

—The aviary annex of the Journal's mail bag 
this month contains a bird of airiest wing which 
flew from away beyond the Rookies. The respon- 
sible party In the case is G. A. Paul, Tacomo, 
Washington Territory. Auotlier specimen of the 
feathered genus which Is "fair to look upon," 
comes from G W. Harmuti, New Orleans, ami still 
anotherfromJ. M. Wade, Bmlenton, Pa. Thelat- 
ter would be improved by belter, blacker ink. 

— H. B, Parsons. ZaneavIUe, O.. scuds us the 
photos of the three pieces of engraving recently 
executed by him for the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic. They are gems of the first water. The man 
who can do work of that sort deserves a fortune, 
and a big one. The penman who fails to get these 
photos forhls collection desenesa drubbing and a 

—Cards worth notlolog have come to us from G. 
W. Allison, of the Newark. Ohio. Business College, 
W, H. Graham. Pittsburgh, and J. II. Baohienklr- 
cher. of the Union Business College. Lafayette. 

—Since the JocRNAL, opened it« autograph album 
to the penmanship public, apeolmens have been 
aleadlly pouring in from every quarter of the 

oouutr> This is as we Intended it ^hmild be, and 
we aregratiflcd at the cordiality of the response 
to our invitation. There is no use opening any 
correspondonoe on the subject. If you want to be 
represented - end In your specimens and they will 
be used If worthy and if the copy be suitable for 
reproduction by photo-engraving. Right here lies 
a great stumbling block. We have repeatedly 
been at great pains to explain the requirements of 
c r* ' h ■ reiirnduoed. The copy miMfbe cousld. 
Ill I li r tbanlheen^avlnglsto be; It should 

< lis large. This of course applies to 
■,.11 !i« to the writing We have had 
I iii>iiiittcd iQ which the writing wai en' 

u<^ I vOii.v lli>' spacing, both between linesand 
word was normal, as if the spacing would stand 
still lu the process of engraving and allow the 
writing, to catch up to it ! Another essential re- 
quirement Is that the paper must be whi'e, with 
no superfluous lines except they he light blue The 
ordinary bl'ie rulhij, of writing paper will not in- 
terfere with the engraving, as they will makenn 
Impression on the negative. Then the Ink used 
mutil be blaek, dead black is best, and India Ink 
ground from Ihe oake Is tW proper article. For 
some classes of work it Is very difficult to use India 
ink (especially if not prepared by an expert) be- 
cause It la too sluggish. But in any event Ihe Ink 
must be black and the less glossy the better- 
Again, there must be no broken or ragged lines. 
The camera cannot cMch what is not in the orlgl 
nal, butlt can lose It, and a ragged line comeii out 
much more ragged In the reproduction, while a 
ittrely, No matter 

I. If only b 

ipeclmen before 
sending with an ordinary magnifying glass. 

The requirements we have enumerated are |)usi- 
tlve. Beoause one or more of them have been Ig 
nored we have perhaps a hundred specimens sub- 
mitted for publioailon which can never see tbu 
light of priot. A particularly handsome one of 
this sort is sent by T. J. Hisinger of the Ullca Busi- 
ness College, and another from J, M. Vine nt. 
Souder's Commercial College. Chicago, Among 
the others who have recently sent creditable speci- 
mens which have been barred out from thege 
causes, are R E, Moniss. McPherson Normal Cot 
lege. Republiciu City. Neh ; G. a. lloru. Topekii 
Kan, ; C. II. Allard, Terrc Haute, Ind., Commercial 
College: W. D. Johnson. Pittsburgh, and E. II. 
Barrows and R II. Scadin who give no address, 

—Perhaps there is not a more original penman 
on the continent than F. W. Wiesehahn, St. Louln. 
We are forcibly reminded of the fact by a partic- 
ularly unique and elegantfy written letter recently 
received from him. Some of the other most nota- 
ble letters from a penmanship standpoint received 
blnce the last Issue, bear the imprints of the follow- 
ing: L. W. llallett, penman Elmira School of Com- 
merce; A. K. Bush. Fort Smith, Ark.; W. J. Kins- 
ley, Shenandoah, la.; W. F. Glessemaa, CapltiU 
City Commercial College, Des Moines, la.; George 
W, Wood, Wood's Business College, McKeespurt. 
Pa.: P. R. Spencer, Detroit, with Clutior48;J. It. 
Goodyear, International Business College, Port 
Huron, Mich.; E. M. Chartler, Texas Business Col- 
lege. Parl^, Texas; D. H. Farley, Trenton, N. J.; T. 
H. Hidl, Troy Business College, with club of 31; H, 
D. Graft, Philadelphia. 

—Miss Adru R. Mason, Sanford, Me., whose ex. 
CfUent penmanship was noted in the last number 
of the JouuNAi., sends an elegant ornamental 
specimen. We would be glad to reproduce it, only 
the Ink used Is of a bluish shade. We have also 
beun>huwnan exceptionally tasteful letter-head 
design executed by this young lady for the wlik-lv- 


n Sanfurd mills. 

—The mellow notes uF Ihe wedding bells, come 
to us from Little Rouk, Arkansas. Prof. M. A, 
Stone, prluolpal of the Little Rock Commercial Col 
leg-", was recently married to Miss Sarah Almont, 
a so of that city. A very pretty account of the aus- 
picious event is given in the daily Arkaimu 'In- 

— We are very glad to know that H. A. Spencer 
and C. A. Walworth. In their new relations as pro- 
prietors of the Walworth Spencerlan Bualuess 
Colleges of this City, are enjoying that degree of 
prosperity to whluh snob eminent educators arc 
entitled. One of the two Institutions la located 
on the West side of the City at Seventh Avenue 
and laoth street; the other on the East side at 
Fourth Avenue and la.'ith street. Mr. Spencer, as 
all the world knows, la one of the Spencer 
brothers who succeeded their father as authors of 
Spencerlan writing. 

—The graduating exercises of the class of IKSM. of 
the Spencerlan Business College of Washington, 
were held on the afternoon of May lIiUi, 'riivrc 
were sixty-two graduates in all. An luteiestlin' 
programme of music, recitations uiid spi-.iiun;; 
was enacted, with the far-famed Marine Band to 
charm tlie osfemhled guests with its melodies 
This stable institution Is just old enough to vote, 
if schools were given the privileges of the balhit. 
—The resolutions adopted by the Ohio Ilouse of 
Representatives expressive of the regret of thut 
representative body at the dedth of Chief Jusllce 
Waite, have been engrossed by E. E, Stevens of 
Wauseon, Ohio. The body of the resolutions is 
surmounted by an eagle on a shield. The entire 
production Is very creditable to lis author. 

—The quality of the annual catalogue of Spald. 
ing's Business College, Kansas City. Mo.,liidlo«tv8 
as well as a catalogue can that there Is no lack of 
interest In commercial training In that section of 
our o luntry. The list of students In actual attend- 
ance during the past year Is of such formidable 
length that we hare not andertaken to count the 1 

«8 a Business College of 
ry flourishing way. At 
Warrlnf r, h young man 

-Jamestown, N. ' 
lis own which U In 
the head of It Is W 
endowed with pluck and hrnlns. 

— Wearegladto know of such evidence of live 
work In the buslneas co'lege field aa Is shown In 
the c italogue of the Balnbrldge Bualuess College 
and Nomtal School of ^ncrnmento, Cal. 

—The LaFaj-ette. Indiana, Sunday Tim»t of April 
13th, decorates its beat page wit ha double column 
cut of C. M, R ■blnton, the good looking proprleiO|. 
of the Union Busineaa Collece of thntolty. Thti 
portrait Is supplemented by n Column or so of text 
descriptive of the equipments iind general Httmr. 
tlonsof that Institution. 

— H. O. Bernard, recently penman at the Spen- 
cerlan Buslnes* Colege nf Cleveland. Ohio, haa 
gone to Paris to study mcdli Ine. He will be ab- 
sent three years. 

—The Riycali-.nal Journal, Clinton, la., prints a 
portrait and !-fctch of C. Baylfs-. A.;sldent 
of Bavless' Buslue&s C<dlege, Dubuque, lu.. and 
one of the most eminent business educators In the 

—The 11' rnul and commercial clnas of the Nor- 
ton Normal and Scientific Aoa<icmy, Wilton Juno- 
,tlon, Ta.. requestthe Journal's prt srnoe at their 
commencemeut exeroUea on JuneG. 

—We have received an invitation to the thirty 
third Annual t'omniencement exercises of St, 
Mary's Academy, Noire Dame, lud..on Wednes- 
day, .liine 20. Our ihankt are he eby rendered to 
Moliier M iry of St. Augustine, Superior. 

-The Invitations to the nth yearly graduating 
exercises of the Nevada Uigh School. Nevada, 
Iowa, are made more attractive hy an ornamentHl 
motto from tiie pen of (', D slinker. Five young 
ladies inscribe thier signature on the back of the 
invitation, and the willing of ( 



—One of the most flourishing Im-tltutlons of com- 
mercial training in this ceuntry we >hould Judge 
from Ihe attendance to he the t'otnmerelal Collt ge 
of the Kentucky L'nivei-slty, Lexington. Ky. Nearly 
1000 pupils were In attendance lust year, and 
thirteen teachers are regularly employed, Messis. 
W. R. Smith, Pre-Ident and E. W. Smith, Princi- 
pal, are to he congratulated on thla admirable 

—There are few people In thla country whot-tn 
write aneater or a handsomer business letter tliau 
E, L. Wiley, Superintendent of wrltlugln the Pub- 
lic Schools of Palnesville, Ohio. 

— R S. Bousali. Chicago, Is making a great repu- 
tation as aa engraver. His steel and copper plate 
woik is extremely creditable. 

—As a plain and an ornamental penman, G. W. 
Temple, San AutoblB, Texas, ranks high. 

—The annual graduating exercises of Wright's 
Business College, Brooklyn, will be held at the 
Amphlon theater on Monday evening June SO. 
About 12,') diplomas will be awarded. The attend- 
ance at the College Ihls year has been somelhlng 
In the ueighboi hood of 500. The Journal staff de- 
sire to make their acknowledgements to Mr. 
Wright for invitations to be present at the grnd- 
uating exercises. 

—Vf T. Parks, penman, recently at Sedalla, Mo„ 
is taklnga complete cour,t* In qrnamentBl penman- 
ship at the Northern Ullnols College at Pen Art, 
Dixon, 111., under C. N. Crandle. The latter, we 
learn. Is meeting with great success anrl encou,- 
ngement at his new post. 

-( "ungressmau Dalzell, who made a speech on 
Ihe Pacific Rail Road Bill in Congress this spring, 
and who but recently had a lively lilt with Scott 
In the House, is a brother In law of Wm. H. Duff 
the proprietor of Duff's Mercantile College. Mr. 
Dalzell Is a lertdlng lawyer of the Pittsburg bur, 
and a prominent man In Pennsylvania puliticx, 
Mr. DufiJ is one of the best Informed busluesa col- 
lege men and the prosperity ol bis school voices 
the ooiiflilence and appreciation of llie cominunity 
with which he has long been tudcnttfie<I. 

The Old School-Hous 

Reached far along the fl 
Of the 8oho(d-room, when 

Put on hia crimson best 
And his dally labors dune. 

Of the feet that o'er It sti 
By the presence of the cro> 
Within the portal umall- 

Since lu lisfl 

My name w 

How dlfferen 



e watched the lengihen'd ray. 


Representative Penmen of 

■ porlruit wilU liir- 
iiloroments we have 
presentment of a 

- in tlic penmnnsnip 

niitlior and artist. A. N. 
Palmer, joint proprietor 
of the fedar llapida Busi- 
Collegeand editor of 
lite WeMern Penman, is 
tlie man. 
<B/^ Though his name has 
hccii prominently hefore the writing profes- 
siun for nearly ten years Utr. Palmer is now 
less than thirty years of age. He was horn 
at Hopkiuton, St. Lawrence County, New 
Vorit, on December 22, 1859. Having ac- 
quired a taste for penmaDship— though it is 
baid that he exhihiled very little naiural tact 
for it at the outset— be gravitated in bis 
youlh to Gaskell's Business College at Man- 
chester, New Hampshire, where he struck a 
bargain with the proprietor by which be 
was to trade labor for tuillon. The pari iru- 
!ar labor, we believe, was baiking wrap- 
pers for the old Penman's Gazette. This 
was in 1878. and the fall of that year found 
the young man so proficient, as the resultof 
bis tireless labors, that he was enabled to 
conduct writing classes through the villages 
of New Hampshire with signal success. 

The ne-\t year young Mr. Palmer drifted 
towards the West, stopping at Rockville, 
Indiana, and St. Joseph, Missouri, for brief 
periods, and teaching writing as he went. 
He finally settled at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, iu 
the spring of 1880. Two years later he be- 
came a teacher in the Cedar Rapids Busi- 
ness College, in which capacity be continued 
for about two years. In April. 1884. the 
first number of The Wmttrn Penman was 
brought from the press. It was a ralber 
unpretentious looking sheet of eight pages, 
and if it bad not bad a man of grit and abil- 
ity behind it. it might never have lived to 
see a second issue. 

But it did all ihe same, number two com- 
ing out in Chicago whither Mr. Palmer had 
migrated and entered into a business part- 
nership with B. M. Wortbingtou. The two 
conducted the Lakeside Business College 
and Th€ Western Penman. This was en- 
larged to a sixteen page paper, published 
monthly, and the editorial as well as the 
mechanical work of the establishmenl de- 
volved upon the subject of ibis sketch. 

As the school did not prove a Comslock 
mine the firm dissolved at the expiration of 
two years, and Mr. Palmer fell back on 
Cedar Rapids, taking his paper with him. 
hi February. lW8ti, he purchased a half in- 
terest in the Cedar Rapids Business College, 
and the firm has since been Goodyear A 
Palmer. They have also built up an exteu- 
sive business in publishing various works 
l>y Mr, Goodyear on commercial subjects, 
especially his bookkeepings and arith- 

The Cedar Rapids Business College has 
had a very lively and a very healthy growth 
during the two years Ed which Mr. Palmer 
has been associated in the management. 
Mis partner. Mr. Goodyear, is just as alert 
and just as competent, so that the team is 
in all respects a good one. Ten States are 
now represented In the attendance at this 

Mr, Palmer is known— and eminently de- 
serves the reputation— as one of the most 
capable of American penmen. If this ac- 
complishment was acquired by an uncom- 
mon measure of toil it is all Ihe more cred- 
itable and all the more stable. He is well 
versed in the literature of his craft, and 
from tirst to last has conducted his paper, 
which has been very successful, in the in- 
terests of good writing. 


A genial fellow." sparkling with good na- 
ture and as bright as a militiaman's button 
ou h!.<i first dress paradeisA J. Scarborough, 
whose picture is somewhere about these 
preuiises. He has been known iisa penman 
and teacher of penmanship for nearly ten 
years, and as a penmanship editor for two. 

In each of these capacities he has made n 
reputation. Energy, fidelity and braiosdid 
the work. 

Mr. Scarborough is just turning the 
corner of 30 years of age. Sulinyside, near 
Meridian. Mississippi, was his birth place. 
His boyhood was spent on a farm. But bis 
ambitious soul rebelled against cornfield 


College. Meridian. He afterwards taught 
in this institution and another of the same 
name and management at Vicksburg. 

Transferring his services as penman and 
accountant to Goodman's Business Colleges, 
Knoxville and Nashville, he spent some- 
thing over ayeartherc. and then came East, 
whtre be bad charge of the .lersey City 

pens aid ruta baga«. With the rare pres- 
cience of childho d he caught a gleam of 
the stars in thepenmanshipsky and resolved 
" (o gel there" himself. He started on a 
mule with a mail bag between them, and in 
this way laboriously earned enough money 
to take the business course at Chambers' 

Busiucfs College under the lalc G. A. Gas- 
kell. In 1884 he went West again to teach 
in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Business Col- 
lege, where be remained about two years. 
A singular coincidence was that a few days 
previous to his leaving New York for 
Cedar Rapids the young lady to whom he 

was married last October made the same 
journey with her mothj^or the purpose of_ 
settling there. She was Miss Emma Dennis- 
Mr. Scarborough wields an exceedingly 
facile pen. Mis contributions have appeared 
liberally in all the penman's paper. He was 
a leading contributor to Peek's Sun when 
that humorous paper was in the zenith of 
its glory. His style is breezy and his vocab- 
ulary uncommonly large. 

His first regular assumption of the duties 
of editorship were when he became conduc. 
lor of T/irPfnman'g Gazette in the fwll ot 
188(t. A few months later the paper was re- 
modeled in form and renamed GaakeWn 
Magazine. The last number of the Maga, 
7t'Ti^ contained the announcement that the 
paper had passed by purchase into Mr. 
Scarborough's hands and that the old form 
and name would be resumed. The an- 
nouncement is of great interest to the pen- 
manship profession who will not be slow to 
appreciate the efforts of one of the most 
zealous and capable of the craft, and mok^ 
The Gazette a great penman's paper. 

Mr. Scarborough is a member of Ihe Bus- 
iness Educators' Convention, and though 
eminently a man of peace gets fun from 
playing soldier in the First Illinois Regi- 
ment. If the cut presented would smile a 
bit and shake off the lurking missionary ex- 
pression it would be very like him. 

Thousandti Say Ay*. 

I think the money sent to you for The 

JooRNAL and Guide the best investment I 

ever made. — D. L. Hamilian, Withee, Wis. 

In our last lesson we gave the direction 
in which shaded strokes in flourishing 
should be made, i. e,. at an angle of 45 
riegrees to the right from the edge of the 
table, when the person sits in the front 
posiilou. This rule should be followed as 
closely as possible in exet utiug the designs 
given in this lesson. A few of the founda- 
tion strokes are numbered in the order they 
should be made, and the arrow heads show 
the direction. The arm and hand iu which 
the pen is held should remain in one posi- 
tion as nearly as possible for all thestrokes. 
moving the paper to a convenient position 
with the left hand. For instance, the posi- 
tion of the paper must be changed twice iu 
making the four strokes marked with 
arrows in the bird. For the small strokes 
about the bill and eye. the finger movement 
is used, holding the pen as in ordinary writ- 
ing, and for the breast stroke the fore-arm 
movement is convenient. The breast stroke, 
fjiom the point of the under bill to the leg. 
uiuy be made with a single sweep or in sec- 
tions. We usually draw the line from Ihe 
point of the bill for about an inch with the 
finger movement, lift the pen, place the ami 
in good position, join the line carefully and 
complete Ihe stroke with the fore-ariu 

About the eye and bill of the bird marked 
I), we use the fore-arm movement, holding 
the |ien as in flourishing. 

The beauty of flourishing consists iti 
graceful curves and symmetrical shades. 
Never allow two shaded lines to cross, anit 
remember that long, slender shades, or short 
heavy ones are not symmetrical, (See il- 
lustration on next page] 

One of tlie Gr«ut MaaterplfceM. 

E(UU>r of The .Iournai.:— Would yod 
please answer how "The Wandering Jew " 
ranks iu literature, and oblige. C* C. S.. 
nUmefHtev, Afasg. 

— For any imperfect pen found in a box 
nf Ames' Best Pens we will send two good 
ones. This offer, however, is not alto- 
gether so liberal, as a person unfamiliar 
with Ames' Best Pen might imagine. They 
are all good,— every pen a prize, no blanks. 

iihers ilui 

i profitably employed. < 



Worked Teach- 

There will be plenty of enjoyment for 
those who atlend the approaching session 
of the B. E. A. at Minneapolis. This letter 
speaks for itself. 

, D. C.Ju 


yVfl/. A. S. Osborn. 
Seeretarp Hvsinefia EJdurators Association 

Dear Mb. Osbohn;— The Lake Superior 
Transit Company circulars just received 
remind us of the delightful liaya of resr, 
comfort and refreshment we have exper 
icQced during our voyages over the heauti- 
ful great Northern lakes. Since the mem- 
orable lake excursion of the Business Edu- 
cators' Convention from Buffalo to Chicago 
twenty-three years ago, we have improved 
every convenient opportunity for taking 
lake trips. Have taken the round trip from 
Buffalo toDuluth for two years in succes- 
sion and are now ready to take a third. It 
is not merely that we desire to avoid the 
dufit and smoke and weariness of land 
travel, but we find the air of the lakes con- 
ducive to renewed health, spirits and vital 
energy, preparingus as nothing else doesfor 
another year's labors. 

The names you mention of proposed ex- 
cursionisis for the cominglrip remind us of 
the "good old times." Let us demonstrate 
that our capacity for enjoyment has only 
led as the years of useful labor roll 

We observe that the steamers announced 
to sail on the evening of .July 10th. lllh, 
12th, are respectively, the India, Idaho and 
. Japan. Of these we are best acquainted 
with the India which is "superb." The 
others may be equally fine. We are willing 
to go on any of these evenings. 

Let President Williams, as one having 
most responsible duties to perform at the 
Minneapolis Convention, decide upou which 
of those dates the Business Educators Ex- 
cursion of 1888 shall sail. 

Mr. &Mr8. II. C. Spenceh. 

Senator Cameron's Autograph. 

A characteristic thing about Don is the 
',...y be spreads his autograph on a hotel 
register. The West peo[jIc were so delighted 
with it that they will frame it for a con- 
spicuous place amid the hotel's collection of 
curios. The Senator commences pretty 
well down at the right band corner with a 
good large J, and then lays out a Virginia 
rail fence towards the northeast corner, 
contracting his letters the further he gets 
from the starting point. Each letter costs 
labor, and is written as if he helped out bis 
pen with the oscillation of his tongue be- 
tween his teeth. — Minneapolis JouTnal, 

CEACHER of Coiiimerulal 
employmeut begiurittig Sep- 


>.— A position as Teacher of Com- 
,1 Branclies, Sliorthand, Typewritluj;, 
Mrs. W., Smlthdeal Bus. CoUege, 

tlinrnoter iiud ability, wishes eugasiement will 
iirat-.ld.«si lmsini.--s College as Instructor of EhkH I 

and agreeableoess iudi^pensabiD. .t-lk 
lust empl-iFcd salary expected aud e 



-> SCOo f ir 8 months 
coIby Building Nash 



.OI the test knonu and mo^t centrally located bus 
ness colleges very low to the right man. 

OS- J. BIIVANT, Indiauapolo! 



has, at last, reluctantly consented to take up its 

quarters in 


tent. The paper is 

; Ntudenls and Teacber.t like i 

W.D.SHOWAITER, Ed., Cleveland, 0. 

whole time to the bu-incss. Spare moments mav 
bo Dfofltably employed also. A few vaoancies in 
towns and cities, B, F. JOHNSON & CO., 1003 


school of pen art In the South 

Designs and < 
graving. C.irre! 
desirinit first-elS' 

For circulars a 

all kinds made for t-n- 




I offer an elaborate course of lessons, 
covering the entire range of writing, and 
adapted to students and others in all degrees 
of proficiency. 

This course will place you far above the 
ordinary penman ! 

Everything direct from the pen, and an 
artistically virittea certifleale given at Ihe 
completion of the course. 

Send stamp for particulars, or, to see my 
work more fully, enclose 40 cents for speci- 
mens. This sum will apply on tuition. 


W. C. CHRISTIE, Penman. 
•itr Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 


Description of those Made by 


No, 1 Is a compromise between Old Engllsb and 
German Text, easier than either. 

3d the "Solid Head." 

No. a n 

g effect. 

based on the " German Text," and adapt- 

beautiful Script, and espeolall^adapted 

Markine Alphabet," anil 

N>). r is similar to No.';i, but e pecially (or small 

No. 8 may be called the "Block," as the letters 

to email pens; very useful. 

No. 6lBha.sed on the ■' T 

Is adapted to rapid and pi 

No. 1 

be made of sqnare pieces, 
is based on the '■ Old KdellBb." 
0, the Figures, useful and ornamei 


Any or a 

of above. 



iDfliiite In nuinbe 

*"'* wl^at 

e,,<jb. tip 


IS les»0D8. $2 

hy Mail a 





C. E. 



Box 44. 








^ I This treatise Is replete with the hlnbe-it 
■^■-' work pertalnliie to accounts, complex part- 
nership adjustment? and expert accounting evur 
presented to the public. The higher work of cloa- 
ine ledgers, changiiiii: partnership hooks to stock 
company, new labor-savin sr forms, etc., are folly 
elucidated. The new system of daily proving the 

alone worth many times the ccisi of the hook. It 
1b the leading work of the age upon a scli'nce 
whose debit and credit tawa bold trade and 

lutlon the financial 


GEO. SOULE, New Orleans, La 


es with errtrscorrecled. Calling Cards, Monograms 
I iDviiations, Steel Dies, and Copies for Penmen t 
Send for Wholesale Prices. Address, 

K. S. BON.SAL.1., P. O. Box 041. CHICAtiO. ILL. 

COLD COIN ,r,T,,T^^,E. P^E*^, 

8,00, Address. 

FOR 30 DAYS! !! 

advertise my lessont. by mHll autograph 
~-'-T. I will send a llDurlshed bird and eagle, 

e8«on "in punnmuship, all for 50 cei.ts. 
UE, Emlenton, Pa. -ll* 

flowing. Jet-black writing Ink In the world. Will 
not corrode the pen. Cheaper than any first-class 
fluid ink. Al^o violet, scarlet and red powdew. 
equal In every respect t "' • •• — • 

ranted, and v 

'doVs'iiot'haveTt, send 25 centa, naming coloi 

e pints to one gaUon of ink. Uit 
Btylographio_ and fountain pens 

manufacturers of 
Boston, Hasb. 

e inta and mitsior oiann-DooK mauuinuiuiBro 

KS, japorters and ra an ufactu »■•>"• of everv 

description of Dyea and CbemlcalB, 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 


Business Education li'liTiJ 


By rufcatis of dlrwl Prr-nnal C.rresr'Jnfl^ti.^e. 

The First School of Us kind in America. 

Ttrrilory and titJirii, all Uritiah Atiierican t'rvvinefi. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 









and I will send you one dnzen or more ways ..f 
writioc It, witli inatriictions ; or send me a a cent 
stamp, and I will send you addressed in my own 
band, nrlce li3l de-tcriptive of Lessons by Hall, Ex- 
tendedMiivemfnts. Tracing Exercldea, Capitals, 

Penmanship Department 
NortliLTii llliiioi.s Noiiiial Si liool 

inxoN lasiNEss college. 

C N. CruiKllv, 

THii AU'luxiAliu fciHACING PEN. 





is now one of the departments of los Aniteles 
Businetus College and English Trulnlug School 

My school by mail is now u piouounued success 
Twenty lessons for •B.OO. Send for urcularit 
Those wliibini; a thorouch drill under onr personal 
instruction will find no better place tbau the Pen 
mansbip Department of tbts college Send for 
UolleBe -["iiinal. Specimens of "wv best work 3« 
vts. D. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 


By Oi/R,fiEW Wm^t Pi\o(:e55 *. 





price. Correapondenoe soUi 

W. G. CUUISXIE, Penman, 

i I-.' Puaahke^palH. N Y, 

Ad ashUf nialhemftlkiau cilculnlfs tli 
there Jirr now .">[« "bcsl" penmen 
America. Everyone knows, tboupb. 1 1 
there is only one besi pen — Ames' Best, 
ctfUta for a quarter gross box, 


Sent by mail for price. Co -* " 

Iicacnptive circulars free, 

i CO.. 



Mi\ I 1, 1 1 1.',. — sramp Phoios, 7,^:. per lOO; 

- ' I. lull. Ubli'nue Holder and Pens by 

. I , -- I..I -; -. J36.00cnn easily bemadefrnm 
i;i.= l-L. .\'-ii Price List free. Any kind of (.ard 
made at lowest price. Send a sample of kind 



No. 128. 

Expressly adapted for professional nse and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Qaality. 




LAPILINUM {Stone-Cloth). 

«i'8, Teucliers. Sunday Schools, etc. 
Rolls tightly, like a map, without Injury. Uneoual- 
ed marking surface, superior eraslble qualities. 


:161n, wide, 1 mm klntf surface, per linear yd. $1 50 

Black Diamond Slating. 

77ie Bent Liquid S/tittnr/ {inithont twreptioii) 
for WaliH and Wooden Blackboards. 

Makes tbe finest anii oiost durab'e surface. 
EasUy applied wUb a common brush to anv sur- 
ferf Put i.p ill im cans of various sizes, wliu full 


Plnls, $1.35; Quarts, %-i; HaU-Oallon, $3.50; Gallon 
$0,50. Flat Brush (4 In.) 50 cents. 

One quart ea-lly corers W square feet with thi ee 
coat» the uumbtu usually applied 

Uited and gives Perfect Saiutfaefioa vi 

CltIumblaCoUet^e^^chool of Mines) New \ oik City 

CotumbiaGiammar School 

i olle^'eof Phy icuns and Surgeons . 

Untversltv of the City of Now York, 

college of Ihe City of New York 

College of Ph irmaov. 

College of St Francis Xavler 

Ixohange, 1 


e, -c« .u.. 
id Metal Ex 

ihange Equitable Grain and Produce £xt.hange 

In Che Puhtir Schools oj 

WasbingtoH.D.C. (exolnaiveiy) Pati 
New York City. Flusl 

San Iftanoisoo, Cal. Ml, Veruon, N. Y. 

Newark. N J Ponehkeepa 

MoiiUslaii-, N. .1 Waverly. N, 

fti,,.,inK.i,i N .1 Hartford. C 


Beriren Point, 
Ilolioken. N . 

N. Y- 

__ >n, N. _ 

Ponehkeepsle. N, Y 
Waverly. N. Y. 
Hartford. Conn. 
■ -k.Conn 

Raleigh, N. C. 



1 size, 2 xa feet . 

! ;; mM% ;; 


ThU w univr-nally admittal to be tht bent 
inUrialfor blackboard in um. 






have a good handv'ritlng you will have 
In geitinir a position. Then why not 
ite. You can do It at i»dd hours and It 

6 most thorongh and oomplete 




better than any investment you ever made. Over 
100 pupil-, have commenced this course since Jmu- 
uary 1, 1868. Book-keepers, banker', clerks, me- 
chanics, farmers, merchants, etc.. find this the 
cheapest, the surest, and the best way to get an 
easy rapid style of writing. The proof of the pad 
ding Is In the eating. Here Is another man who 
has tested thh course of lessons and below ta what 

Mr. B W. Pulling, Wausau. WU., now writes a 
hand that is excelled by few nrofe^sionats. Here 
is the way he wrote before he began this course of 


lam very grateful to you for your kind attentloi 
and will always deem It a pleasure to reconmeni 

write an elegant hand, Wishlnn your success, 
remain. Tours truly, B. W. Pnlllng, Wausau, WU 
To those who think of taking ibe course I willseni 
samples of my penmanship for li cents. Clruular 


Syracuse, N 



ts for '25 of the most fashionable 


laggards, w 

Itten on the finest linen brlstoL 


will please yon. 


Don't fail 

o send 40 cent^ fi>r \% signature 


:ill different 

A beautifully written letter as c 
capitals all dUTrrint lOcents B 




and our other pubUcatloos. We bare aicenU v 
send iiH hundreds of subsoriptUms tivery yt 
without KoinK ouUlde ut Ihulr immediate nei 
borbood. Upon tba liberal oommiiulons we ui 
this Is a moDey-maklng bualiieas. Write at oe 
as we win oloae with the first reliable parties v 


1 1 w ■■■ k CL/CSSIUS " Sample vnge an 
loRue of SchoQf-Books, free. C. DeSii-vir 
No. {P. P.) IME Walnut St.. PHILADELI'H 

Price 15c. "Chlropraphlu f:dlt.'rs." 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 


Send $1, 8J. $.1 or $5 for a 
Bampleret«tlb..x, by express 
of the Best CANDIES in 
America, put up In elefrant 
boxes, and strictly pure. 
Suitable for preaents. Ex- 
pre&t chnrges light. Refers 
to all chlortffo. Try It ouoe, 


Specimen of Ornm 

'rize specimen and On 




■ A thousand years as a day. No arithra»'tlt 
teaches it. A short, simple, praoHcal metlmd by 
E. C, ATKINSON. Principal o: 




• p. Zaner, Culu 

iifl Tttken 

School Oardeiiing, i, c, ihc planting < 
hiwns, trees and flowers on school ground 
for educational and btauUfyivg purpoufs. 
amply and ably treated (n The An. ' 





• with Aii8wer>." Thlti 18 a series 

"fber court. 

ill April jiud .Miiy is specially 
the splendid Japan Maples 
— linlf trees, half slinilis : wholly beau- 
tiful, A month of water lilies is expected 
soon and later the fruits will hold first 
place, though even now the rarer South- 
ern fruits show forth in spirited picture 

and lenrDcd text, 

ve;:«table garden holdi 

Vijrvt T. For, St'itt I>oiiuilof]l>r r,f PentwjlmttUl. 

Adapted to the wants of prac- 
tical and amateur gardeners and 
fruit growers. The .'\mi-:ku ,\x 
("lAKiiEN has stood the test of 
time and receives endorsement 
1)1 all this class in every sec- 
tion and many lands. Though 
costing as much and more to 
produce than many s:; and S3 
publications, the subscription 
price of this handsome and prac- 
tical illustrated magazine of hor- 
ticulture is OM.V SI A vi-..\R. In 
club with Piiiman's yoiiniai ior 

E. H. LIBBY, PublUlier, 
•"' BroBdwny, N. Y. 




of the following artlclc-8 wilt, upon receipt 
e. be promptly forwarded by niall (or esprctu 
*o stated): 

) sent by registered mall. 

Compendium of Piuctlijul and Orna- 
Hital Penmanship. . . 5ft oo 

Book of Alphabets , i 60 

Guide to PraolkHJ ..nil \rii.ii.- r.n 

insblp, In D-»per ,%.),■ . lu , l,,ii, 7.^ 

Copy Slips for >eii i,. mi>i, iv v» 

rlli-.M',.-.- ,, ," '''..': '._*^'^'^.\ t 00 

)>'"<' Ml iii)i<.<iidlam, complete lu 8 

I1-. \--'- l'.M[ 60 

•-"iiM'l-'i'- 760 

>H MiiniLi'i-t-i, tivti slips, 25c.; oompltte 

s Illustrative Handbook on Drawing... 50 

Memorial afttSS Inchea 60 

Family H«t:ord ]8i2i! " 60 

Marriage Ctirilficat« iHx^ " 60 

llxU ■■ 60- 

Qarfleld Memorial 19x84 " 60 

Lord's Prayer 10x24 " BO 

Bounding Stag 24x82 " 60 

Flourlflhed Eagle 24x3a " W 

Centennial Picture of Progros6...2^!UK " AO 

" " " ...28x40 " I 00 

Eulogyof Lincoln and Grant ^x& " 60 

Omameutal and Flourislicd Cards, l^desljnia, 

new, original and artlBtIo, per pack of SO, 30 

100 by mail BO 

500 " 2 BO 

1000 " $4,50: by express 4 00 

tiristol Board, 3-3heet thick, 22xS8, per sheet. 60 

" 22x28, per sheet, by express ... 80 

'" " 26x40! " " '.'.'. 1 25 

Black Card-board, 22x38. for white Ink 60 

Black Cards, per 100 25 

Black Cords, per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, outre 

WTiatman'8 by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, ot ■•'>• 1 « . f 1 20 

17x23-. .20 2 00 

lOxiM.. .20 2 20 

" 2U30.. .26 S 75 

26X40.. .05 7 00 

31X62.. 1.76 80 00 

Wlnsor ft Newton's Sup'r Sup.lndia Ink Stick 1 00 

Prepared India Ink. per bottle, by express. . . 66 

Ames' Beat Pen, J4 gross box 30 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No. I. per gross. , . 90 

" " " " ^ gross bxs. 28 

Glllott'9 303 Steel Pens, per gross l 00 

Spenoerlan Artistic No. 14. per gross l IX) 

Bngrosslne Pens for lettering, per doz 25 

Crow-quill Pen. very fine, for drawing, doz. . 76 
Sonneckeo Pen, for text lettering— Double 

Points-set of three ,. 20 

Broad— set of live 25 

Oblique Penholder, eaih i" 1.1 i. -. ■: i 00 
"Double" Penliolder m . ' 1 .r 

straight or obilou.- 1,. . ; ■ .. 1 00 
Oblique Metal TipsfadjiJ- i , 

Writing and Measurliij; Uuli:, niti-il iidnL.! -■« 

New Improved Paiit"ffrapli, for enlarging or 

diminishing dniwings 1 35 

Ready Binder, a simple device for holding 

Commim Sense Binder, a fine, stiff, cloth 

binder. JouK.VAi. size, very durable 1 60 

Roll BiHckboards, by express. 

No! 2; '**■ 2jix3H^feei:;;";;. :;:.■;::;::'": i " 

No. 3, " 3 X4 " 8 60 

Cloth, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side l 2B 

46 Inches wide, per yard, slated both sldew, 2 25 
Liquid Slating, the best in use, fur walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 


auk note paper la kept in stuck, and 
be filled by r " 

1 »u>nv. nl. 

h. I 

be made 

h. Wegu 

cellent results. 

6th. Send thi 

lar and specimen of Pern 
7th. Peirce's System of 
of InstructI'm. Revised, perft 
iveuth editioi 

has been'put in desirable fui 

.1 to 1 
pages of superior p 

I need In 

book of Instrutitioi 
Address all 

Chandler H 

:tlcal writing, 

The Standard Practical Penmanship, 
. mbraclng a complete library of prs 
Includine the new Magic Alnhabt 

complete library of 1 

" ric Alphabet, 
a legibly fiv.> ti; 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 

Branoli Store, 37 Houston Street. 


SUHiolent a<l 

by writlnc 11 
the price) an 
- can't tdkeles'i. 
but reli 

orders are assured of prompt and efficient service. 
Address. T>. T. AMES, 

t goods, and all who I 

ifVLki \}nvii\xi. 




.«ly L 


universal t 


t the best they e 

olber aTier Uiey havi 


Itncausfl In gtvInK our order to the leadtn^ EDgli^^h fK'n-nialierB, we didn't ask for the cheapest n 
lint for tlie benU - Use the liesl m..t<;riitl uljtainable." out lui-lraotlons read, "■ jmt your most 
viirkmeaou our orders, haud-^lnd, hand-pick aiid pullah uuri^eLs, so that you can wairaLlcverj 

That Ij* precisely what has been done. Is it uoy wonder that the output U the very best slecl [i 
VMi bv bwl to-dny for any price? 

Frouiii Ltarm luUof te»tluioii!alB we quote the following: 
The Ne Plus Ultra of PeoB. 
So writes J. P. Meds^cr, professioual 
iwumftu. Jacobs Creek. Pa.: 

" Amrs* licst Pcus received. I do not 
A\*»nder that your expectation lins bccu 
*«urpfl8sed. It 18 certainly a superior pen. 
liciog fine pointed, durable, flexible aud 
possessing a quick action." 



Ames* Best Pen— I like it and i 

• Serlei 

" I have given Ames' Best Pen a 
tliorougb trial and take pleasure in recom 
mending it as first class in every respect." 


Minneapolis, Minn. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Puns are excellent. 1 have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

Meets His llnquuliUcil Approval. 

Ames' Best Pen meets with my hearty 
and unqualified approval. lu fart I am de- 
lighted, I have long sigbcd for just such a 
pen. Enclosed please fiud $1, for which 
please send me a one gross box. 

.lAMts \V. Harkins. 
Teacher of Writing in the Curtiss Commer- 
eiai College, Minneapolis, Minn 

Distances all Competitors. 

" Ames' Best Pens beats all I have ever 
had before." P B. S. PiiXERS. 

Pwj'cmor of Penmanship, Si. Joseph, Mo, 

Price .*J5 cents ;i auarter trro.s! 



am doubtful 

whether a pen can 



for fi 

ne, arti 

«tic writing nu 






If you hud 1 





no or 

e Would have 



the title." 

0. Bis 




Pen A 




"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
p'ensure that they are superior in every 
pariicular, and hereby commend tbem toall 
desiring a smooth, easy and lastingpen." 
E. L. BuilNETT, 

Bryant & Htratton Busineaa College, ProiU- 

"For a pen that combines the essential 
qualities for plain writing, ttourishing and 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior to 
any I have ever used." A. C. Webb. 

Pennian and Artist, Nashville, Tain. 

"I have given Ames" Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. They arc 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 

"Ames" Best Pen meets my highest a 
proval." Chandler H. Peiuck. 

Peirce BminesB College. Keokiik, la. 

So Say We All. 

" I like Ames' Best Pens very much." 


loita Business College, Des Moines, In. 
box. $1.00 a gross box. 



THIE SiLl^vdlB 


There may be a few Commercial Schools in the land that are not using the 
new edition of the PACKARD COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC. If so, 
they are neglecting a great opportunity, and the object of this advertisement 
is to advise them of that fact. 

Tliis book is, by universal consent, the best book out. It was made on 
purpose by men who knew just what they were about, and just what was 
wanted iii the best schools. John Van Buren once said that "the only way 
to know what the public wants is to ascertain what you want yourself. " Tliere 
is much truth in this, and the authors of the PACKARD ARITHMETIC 
have acted upon it. The fact is, the book grew up in the school-room. It 
was more than four years growing before the printer ever saw it. Every 
problem in it was te?ted and approved in practice before it was put in print. 
More than that, every statement made in it relative to the customs of busi- 
ness, and the laws of the several States touching the rates of interest, and 
tlie methods adopted has been duly verified by personal correspondence and 
' careful investigation, and is absolutely reliable. The following testimonial 
I from a live teacher in Iowa is one of over two hundred whicli we have in 
hand. It puts the matter mildly and aptly, and that is why we print it : 

We use the Packard Arithmetic and like it because it is practical, and is founded 
I upon business customs; because it is compact, crowding much into small space; 
I because it sticks to its business, giving the most instruction and practical forms for the 
' space occupied ; because it is carefully gradtd ; aad because the most imjiortant subjects 
I receive the most atlention, The mechanical e.\eculion is beyond criticism. 

J. M. MEHAN, Des Moines. Iowa. 

j Kow is the best time to order this book for the Fall supply. We put on 

i a special gilt side title for any order of 25 copies or more. The retail price 
is $1.50; price to schoffls, $1. Introductory rates a trifle less. A single copy 
to a teacher for exainination \vill be sent on receipt of 75 cents. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

1 1 East 23d street, - - New York, 

The Above Cut was Pho 
he Testimonials of Merit I 
stimates Given on Reque 

o-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy Executed a 
apt in Stock. Speolal Orders for Blank Forms 
t, with Circulars. For Samples Encloae 35 Cen 

the Office of 

The Jour 

nal an 

d Repr 


snts In a 





and the FIN 

ng of Sam 

e Pron 

nptly E 


uted In 


Moat A 

rtlstio Sty 


s. Full Size 

r above Ce 


e 14 « 



A careful writare. use Nob. 1, H aad 21. For corre^poedente an 



Commercial Law 

inuBs th* atandarrt. It Is plain, inactlcal and just the b lok fi>r class ItiBtriiclinii In Busln&o 
s and Commercial Departments. A new pdftiou U oow ready for delivery. 
Sample Copies will be sent to teaahers on receipt of whuleeale price. GO Cents. 
\^d^esf orders and correspondence. 


><'tpoiie ever 
les fully up 

used by n 

St. Luois, Mo.. Feb. 


Ulloa. N. Y., 
r Dear Sir— Vuur faror of Dot. 24 was duly rec'd.and I intended to reply In a short ih 
' I liave hud a ureal d^al of extra work to do this year, and have been obliged 

r, Russell be-fan with me about Nov. ), and I am gUd to be able to say that he 

r recomniendullon. We all like him us a ti^oher and us an Individual, 

)ur 8yj>t»m i)f lu'truotlon and me'ho'la of teaching are well calculated to produce first-class penmen. 

I) to discard the oblique holder. It is ih" refuge of snide penmen, though, of course. It Is 
y first-class teachers, who do not like to uive it up. 
. . _ V any graceful writing that was done with the oblique hoWer, and I will not have It in my 
school. Very Truly, 

« T, n ., , X. T> ^, ., « .,. , . ,. W. M. CARPENTER. 

Mr, Russell came here from New Bedford, Mass., and took a course In plain and ornamental pen work 
When through the course he commenced lookinE about for a suitalion to suit him, He found such a sit- 
uation with Mr. Carpenter, and the result is Mr. Carpenter is pleased with his teacher, as the ab-ive letter 
shows, and Mr. Ruosell i« pleased with his position, which we know by a letter received from him 

We teach our students hard common sense in penmanship, and prepare them to teach on their own 
account, or for fllllntracceptablyenod positions under sensible men. 

O. C. Dorney,_teaul)ine In Allentown, Pa., says : " I find the instruction received from you of great 

making a success of my teaching here," 

,, , ,_,- ,, , , L , \ , ,- ,— — -u,»ines^ College, exhibits specimens of 

penraanship from h » impMs wliich ah-.w wonderful ImDrovement Prof Armstrong Is a graduate of 

Prof. H. W. Kihhn. Utica, N. \,.one of tlie best Pen Artists In the United States " 

We note the following in the Arkaruiai' Life of February 5, 1888 relntivH to one of our students • 

"Read thoanicle on the Lltiie Rock Cofcimerclal Collfge. Penmanship In this instiiultlon is tiuirhf bv 

Prof. A. J. Wmis, recently from Utlcu, N. Y.. and his skill, both as an artist and a teacher, is retnarka- 

Our studenta are in demand, and you will make no mistake in coming here for instruction in penman- 

If you doelre to learn more about us from those who have been here and taken instruction write to 
some of tho following teachers, enclosing a stamp for reply. ' 

Some of them are teaching in their own schools, and others have good positions in Busln&ia Cnlleirpu 
,d rommerclal DepaHment* in other Institutions : "-Jbcs 

. „ 3h.H.I.;J. H.Wyne, Roanoke. Va.; G .H. Breese, BrockviUe, Ont,; D. .T. Saw- 

St^veus. Buriington. Vt; W, R. Whetsler, Lincoln, 111.; A. H. Pas-Ptt Faotorv- 
loa. N. ^ ; M. Sayre, Toronto. Ont ; G, B. Jones, Roche-ter, NY, 
parties, aTid do not gel sati-facllon. let us know, and we will send vou another 

r filling acceptably good 

ly, teaching ' 

y b-auch of 
istrong, teaching in uions tail", n. y.. sayi 
Blhe fo'lowlngnolicefrom the Glens Frtllt 

J. H. Cole, 
vlli'e. Pa. ; J. T. RislnjieT, 

The Hand Book of Volapuk 


Member of the .Vcaiiciiiiy of Vol ipUk— President of llie Institule of Accounts. 

I'o/., 12ino, lis 1)11. Ileavii )m/tei; boiinil. Price, i/o.iliif/e jiniil, $ I. 


tik. in tlic prepanilion of wbicli neitlier labor nor expense has been : 
1. An introduction cxplaiuiug tlie Purposes, Origin and History of VolapUk ; 

y. The order i 
1. The derivation of v 
LompoHitiou. by preti\ 

tot V 

of radii 

and tUc furmatioo of i 

onls, tbc sele 
and liy suttixi 
■ Spodam ;" Commercial t'orrespoudence. 
H. " Lilitdain ;" Reading LeBsons. 
7. Voeabularv. Volaptik-English, and Englisb-Voiapllk. 
In addition there Is a portrait of Schleyer, with extracts from his writinm a 
ntin V<iiapt\k of the changes made by tbc second annual Conyre-s and a key 
Tiises for correcting home work. 


The only American p,.riodical devoted in whole or in part to the new international 
language is The Office. 

In it the department entitled " Volaspodel," contains progresMve lessons in 
Volapuk. witli special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies 10 cents each 

For circulars of the Hand Book of VolapUk. and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 

Peerless 1 Luxurious!! 


The Spencerian Copybooks, 

liic-liiiiinj; ihc VitriiiiKs .scries td' lliul well-kiiuw ii syslciii, slill 
niiiiiitiiin tlicir well-earned and generiilly fecognizcil position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
iiiiilated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles tho 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of ptiper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
use of patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


By P. R. Spenckr's Sons, constitute a new departure in penman- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or supersede the 
Spencerian, but for use in schools or among private learners when 

an abbreviated " running hand " 
f Spencerian Large, - 

Prices : ^ Spencerian Small, 
j^ Spencerian New, 
Correspondence solicited. 


36 cents. 
92 cents, 
mi cents. 


753 & 755 Broadway, New York., 
149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III; 

This College furnishes, 
iry best buBlnesft tralnlni;. The Course 1b an 
abodlmoDt of Mie latent and most approved 
Bthods yet aiUtlned bf the best Amerk^an Bxtai 

iiess Colleges, 
It iB progressive and thoroueh iu all lla sppolnl- 

lueuts and departmeot^. 
The methods for Illustrating actual business la 

'conceded, by buslnesB eduoators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These "BuslneaB Praotloe" Depart- 
ments aloue, In this institution, contain a more 
ooinplet« course of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to be among 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as well as a teacher 
ot unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete information, 


ship, and Is, without an exoeptlon, the best In 

The Triuclpal of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist; and 

Ine equal," and devotes six hours dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
PeniuaD and Artist, attend asohool wholly ile> 
voted to this one thing, and also place yonrself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 
This School turns out more Hulshed penmen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pen- 
manship Is Teachers' Training, as weU as the 
development of Pen Artists ; also Bluck- 




Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

i^h coaiaUis Information regarding this Depnrt 




W0f/JM5 m> 

hnnks for t»e i 

P PAl ---, . 

riNG Tads, Etc. 



c^4yn^ iJj^yU^^^^-^ 

All coit)lv« n 

oaae and the otlier^ keiit cl< 

ork of this kind. It does norslmplf meutloD 


Mips. These slips are not bound together, i 

I. kind i)f very bmvy 

Every necessary oopy ia g 

id oimprehpi 

thu difficult things In nrltlng but eiplftlns 
EC Rrie. and Buffalo (N. Y.) CnMecP of 

- Mul Shorthand Colloge, MllwuuU-'r 

' (iMiii 111) interested In Liuii'iiaiixlili' " 

iT -M.ii. A reduction towrmol" 

'i>rk, printlnff. paper, etc., and 
e will refund the n _ . - - 

■ally ^ 

irld f<i 

I be tlie best 

■•St-r.-.W./ /..,..,.s ,„ 

^^Sai.iplc copi( 
iiaicl, to teachers or 
lion, at one-half price. I 

/ / / ' if-* lurrit^iiu rliiss ,rith n i-ieiv t<t reifttlnr adaption, -^ -f 

Iveu'iV'-rn.l. rhanirs prn'^tHl. f/n \';nes of t/ir ,ir^t r^O ,,af/e:< onhe \ 
book-hf>r,>h,„. t,>f,riin;- ni'/t a r»v'.'/ of •' Co„^i*/ct,- J.onh-kevptng, on 

recHpt Of on/tj C^M.JiO. i 

mTscellaneous supplies 


Mention Thi Toobnal. 



uid: blaok India ink III ikiiiL- -arii ii ih- iln^' 
t-nmun know the imporiaucu ><{ iln:,. This is uur 
Send copy and stamp for speolmeuB. mention 


Eiglit R^sons Why This Truly National System Is The^Best. 

ist.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 

System. Only six books. 
2d — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. The first complete 

system to jirfsciit iilibrevi.ited forms of capitals 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, cacli word tilling a given space and uo crowding or stretching 

to secure such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printinl by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Piute Printing ! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as " zeugma, urquesno, 

xyliis. tenifly, mimetic, and .xutlius." 
6th Each bbofc contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the books of 

any other scric.^! — and the pa|wr i.s the bust ever used for copy-books. 
7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to tlie pnpil. 
8th.— Very lovv rates for introduction. Tliey are the cheapest books in America. 

di fjB 






►- r 


All the Copies 

of the Series 



i^J^ert^/ j^^i' >^i.^tP(r 

JV;\ <ivJ c jw'g \;w.-A)(iiiVjx'.oJa' j;.-uu}vV^v)w. V/\o >J>.AUi,\K 

' ^, I., I-,,— 

-v.vv. J. ^j.,M^^ ;i*L»*\.-_. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

Published Monthly 
205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 p. 


: Post Office of New York, 

5 Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XI!.— No. 

Business Writing. 



queries that have 
been coming in 
frommwDy sources 
and to supplement tlie same with hints that 
will help the student to the goal he is 
The text of this practical sermon is 
Business Writing." And iifter all. what 
do you. the student, understand by " Busi- 
ness Writing V " It is this and only this; 
that style and quality of penmanship most 
easily executed, most rapidly executed and 
most easily read. There can no more he a 
standard fixed for it than for the physiog- 
nomy or for the stature of the writer him- 

It goes without saying that the tiist re 
qiiisite of business writing is kgibility 
Though your pen might glide ovei the 
paper with the speed of the whirlwind un 
less what you committed to the paper can 
be readily deciphered it would obviously 
fall short of every business requirement In 
these stirring times employers and cm 
ployees have no leisure to devote to the un 
tJiDgliog of obscure manuscripts rhe> 
must be able to see and to grasp your ideas 
at a glance. What you committed to the 
paper must speak emphatlcall} and at 

The second requirement is facility— em 
bodying ease and rapidity. Lastly the 
characters should present a graceful and 
harmonious appearance. 

To be legible the letters should have dis 
tinctive forms. Simplicity and economy of 
form itself contributes to rapidity. Qmy 
essential lines should he used ; any super- 
fluity in the way of extended terminals, 
nourishes and the like detract not only 
from the quality of the writing from a busi- 
ness point of view, hut materially decrease 
the speed. So also a large handwriting re- 
quires more time for execution than a 
smaller hand. Vie do not. of course, ad- 
vocate a cramped or crowded hand, but the 
best business writing is rather below what 
we understand as medium size. 

The term " facility " is meant to express 
that free, tireless and rapid movement 
which may be imparted to the pen by the 
muscular action of the forearm and fingers 
in combination. As to the last require- 
ments the chief essentials are uniformity in 
size, shape, slant and spacing without which 
the effect is ragged and altogether unin- 
viting. Perhaps the most fruitful source 
of bad writing is carelessness, for few per- 
sons are so deformed or so blunt of percep- 
tion as to be disabled from acquiring an 
easy, legible handwriting. The most difli 
cult writing to read that has come under 
our observation has b-en not the product of 
ignorant people, but of persons really skilled 

in the art of penmanship who scribble and 
flourish their sentencss without regard to 




rehensible in proportion to the real skill of 
the writer. Figures play an important part 
in business writing. As a rule they are 
made both too large and too heavy. They 
should be small, unshaded and distinctive 
in character, and when written in columns 
the most scrupulous care should be given 
to position and spacing. From inattention 
to these details more than to any other 
cause are to be attributed the errors of ac- 
We present here a buainess alphabet of 

Representative Penmen of 

We present on this page the porlrait of 
one of the youngest memberg of the profes- 
sion that has yet appeared in The Juun- 
nal's list of representative penmen, also 
the first who lives and labors in that part of 
our country usually designated as the 

Alonzo C. Webb began his twenty-one 
years of farm life in Lucas County, Iowa, 

capitals with figiiresappended. These may 
be imitated to advantage by those who are 
following our course of lessons in writing. 
Mould your ideas on these models and 
though your individuality will inevitably 
assert itself in modification of the forms, 
you will find yourself in the end not far 
out of the way. 

the profes- 



IHOO. Like many others 
he early manifested an 
ing and drawing, but his opportunities for 
cultivating this taste were confined to what 
few points he could pick up here and there. 
By the lime he was of age he had secured a 
sufllcient knowledge of the common 
branches to enable him to teach school, 
which he did for two years, thereby pro- 
curing means to enable him to still further 
pursue his literary course in a normal col- 
lege and at the same time gratify his Uiste 
for the useful and beautiful in penmanship. 
In 1883 he went to Nashville, Tcnn., and 
established Webb's Institute of Penmanship 
and Art, an institution which has steadily 
increased in popularity until it would to-day 
do honor to a veteran. 

Prominent educators who have come 
directly in contact with his work speak of 
him as being a very efficient teacher, pains- 
taking, patient, and thoroughly reliable. 
Richly endowed with that spirit of enthu- 
siasm so necessary to the successful teacher, 
he really imparts to the students under his 
charge the same earnest desire for improve- 
ment that has always characterized him- 

About three years ago he married Mies 
Ellen Hauor, of Bowling Green. Ky.. a 
young lady of rare refinement and marked 
artistic talents, who has by her energy and 
ability aided him greatly in his work. Mr. 
Webb is not only a succeasful penman and 
teacher, but Is also au artist of a high order. 
Though young in the profeesion he stands 
in the front rank with those who do the 
finest engrossing and pen dniwing. A 
glance at the portrait accompanying this 
sketch engraved direct from bis own pen 
and ink copy, will convince the reader that 
he is not receiving undue praise. He also 
sketches from nature and does handsome 
work with the crayon and brush. His 
work in the different penmen's papers has 
invariably excited the admiration of their 
many readers. This is due to the fact that 
with masterly stroke and touch he combines 
a remarkable degree of originaliiy. 

The remark is frequently heard that little 
progress has been made in furnishing the 
world with new pen designs — inotherwords 
the field is overrun with mere copyists. 
This criticism has real weight, hence the 
presence of such workeis as Mr. Webb is 
all the more valuable, He will arouse in 
others a desire to discover, invent, dt sign 
and thus assist in bringing about a change 
which shall give to the world the very best 
that the artist's individuality can produce. 
His ability in designing has been one of the 
principal causes which have in so short a 
time brought him into such favorable" no- 
tice with the public. The numerous ex- 
amples of artistic penwork that have ap- 
peared in The Jocrnal from time to time 
have been to him a source of constant study 
and delight, and to thtm he ascribes, in a 
large measure his success in engrossing and 
pen drawing. 

Home has had additional charms lo him 
since he has became acquainted with the 
two bouncing boys that have recently come 
to call him father. 

He is unassuming in bis manner, frank 
and open in his statements, quick to see the 
humorous side of a situation, a close ob- 
server, a hard working student, an honest 
advertiser and conscientious in all his 

r of this Itttle sketch com- 
mends the example of Mr. Webb to every 
ambitious youth who longs to discoverjhe 
road to success in pen art. 

Norwegian Folk-Lore. 

They remembered in silence, however, 
those children who were berrying and sat 
down to measure their berries. The Troll 
always wears scarlet when she is good- 
humored, but when she is angry appears in 
gray. The Troll came along in gray, flirt- 
ing her shawl and looking like any other 
woman until she stooped down to eat ber- 
ries out of one girl's measure. The child 
saw the iron screw with which a Troll fast- 
ens her hack hair; and, throwing her berries 
abroad, ran yelling home. 

And the old man who was working in his 
gariien when the Troll came to him, acting 
angrily; that night he put a silver piece un- 
his house and she came no more.— Jfory 
UariweU Vaihtrwood, in The Amtrimu Mag- 
azine for April. 

Specially made to our order abroad and 
imported. A triumph of the penmaker's 
art. Ames' Best Pen. 35 cents a box. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour 

Y^ OU are aj^ain reminded 

tliiit for the summer 

inoiitlis. July and Au- 

LNisi. The Jodhnal's 

I '1(1 picmium scliedulc 

may lie considered in 

You may liike 

Uoire of lliat or 

new plan an- 

inccd in detail in 

he February 

find i 

of use to you !iD(i yrm iliiiik it miglit be ns 
u^tful lo your friends, wliy not fell iliem 
Jill ahout it and do tbcm nod us a servireV 

The Fifty Quotnllotis. 
The Jouknal for May contained a lis( of 
fifty popular quolatioiis with u request that 
I licir authors be named by any subscriber. 
Lasi month we printed a list of thirty one 
authors from George II. Schweinhart. 
Louis Keller. 205 East Si.\teenlb street, 
New York City, has sent us a complete list, 
Mauy letters LaveTjeen received expressing 
interest in the matter, lu response lo num. 
erous requcsls we reprint the list of quota- 

1. The glovy that was Oreooe 
.\nd the grandeur Ihat was Hume. 

S. A uowsHp by the river's brttn 
A yellow cowslip was to lilm. 




Daniel W.-l.ster. 








iMTd Hyron. 


('has. F. Iloffmiin. 


Com. Perry. 




Daniel Webster- 










Sarah P. Adams. 










Moody and Sankey 


Ten ay son. 


Wftshir.gtoii Irvhi^-, 


Mary Ilowilt. 


Daniel Webster. 



Tlielrs n..t to reason why. 

Theii-s l)utto di. and die. 

1(1. Tlioii sayst an micilsimted thing 

IT. All manklnl love a lover. 

IS. There is a reaper whose name la Death, 

VX Nearer, my (iod. to Thee. 

20, Curees are all like young ohiokens, 
Andsliil come home to roost. 

21. Truth crushed to earth shall rise ii/inin 
iH. He builded better than ho know. 

:!3, o, for the touch of a vanished hand. 

And the sound of a voice that is still, 
21. The iK-atliitr of myowuheart 

Was nil the sound I heard, 
■-'i. " Will you Walk Into my parlor;" 

Said the spider to the lly. 
•X. standing with reluctant feet 

Where the brook and river meet. 

Womiioliood and childhood fleet. 
2T. Wlieu lie's forsaken, 

Williored and shaken, 

Wliatcan an old man do but dlev 
2H. Though lost lo sight to memory dear. 

Who stole the livery of the court of Ilea 

To serve the Devil lu, 
■lO. A thing of beauty ia a Joy forever. 
11. Uiii evil IB wrought by want of thoiinht, 

■12. None knew thee but to lovp ihoe. 

Nor named thee but to praise. 
ai. To the victors belontr the spoils of the enei 

Long, long ago. 
I If that be treason, make the most of i 
>. He touched the corpse of public credit 

And It stood upon Its feet. 

Fi-om (ireeulaud's icy mountalnh, 
" '. I remember. 


3 J \ .. 
eil lu make a Hoi 
* niBl the 

d they arc ( 

wand IndependoQ 

. 1 wuiiiu not uve always. 

''■ Doij't give up Die ship. ; 

. For though on pleasure she was bent, 

Shelnid a frugal mind. 

Breathes there a man with soul so dead 

"" lo himself has said. 

Ill, Three fishers went suliiag 

Out Into the west. 
47. Hold the fort, for I am coming 
■Wt Write me as one who loves hiit fell.* 
13. The Almighty Dollar. 
St'. The past, at least, is secure. 

4. Prior, 

5. iihakespeai 


.11. Hood. 
. 82. Klij! Orecn Hallovk. 

... Solomon. sj. W. l,. Si«roy. 

.. Tacilu*. 34. Thoa. H. Uayly. 

8, Author unknown. tt. Patrick Henry 
t* William of Orung©. 

(So uttriljutod by Hume.) 

It will De seen by reference to Mr. 
Scbweinliart's list inthe June Journal thi^t 
six of hisauthors difTer from those given by 
Mr. Keller. They are: 

C. Butler. 

1!). Shakespeare, 

31. President Jackson. 

30. Said of Alexander Hamilton. 

47, Ballad of the Late War. 

Now, will some other literary subscriber 
jump in the breach and let us know which 
of these gentlemen is right, also if there are 
any other points in Mr. Keller's list that 
need correcting ? 

The price of Ames' Best Pens is 3o cents 
for a quarter gross box ; |1 for a gross box. 

multiplied $o by $5 and obtained S-l ns a result, 
Sameaub^crlbfr would uadoubtediymulliply}!^ by 
$H and obtain accents. Vou cannot multiply things 
by things. The multiplier is always abfitraot and 
represents the number of times the multiplicand 
Is to be taken asapa-t. i, e.', i* to be added to Itself. 
$5 taken five times ls$^. $.'> or 5(X) ccnt« taken 

Dozens of other interesting replies have 
been received, none more readable than that 
from P. T. Benton, Iowa City, la., which 
wittily closes in this way : 

Suppo^-iiig that the statement $5 x $5 ~ 335 to be 
a true ci|u,itii.n, that we can multiply by aconcreto 
nnmber, tlifii whul will the remaining term In thts 

Everybody is pleased with our new Pre- 
mium schedule. Its inducements are sneb 
that they can't help being. The full list is 
in the February number, and you should 
keep a copy for reference. We can send 
you an extra copy for ten cents. 

Some astronomers have devoted special 
attention to counting the number of stars 
which may be seen with the naked eye, and 
the result has been that, even to persons 
gifted with more than the ordinary powers of 

XC^U€z^,0a^— CM^^^^ 

^^^c4d^yCn^.,£,ey y^?9'i.^^ 

The subscriber who, in the Jime number 
'ITde .louHNAL propounded the problem 
of multiplying dollars and cents, has our 
thanks for the enterluinmeut he has afford- 
18 by an uuusual number of bright let- 
ters showing the fallacy of his proposition. 
What, for instance, could be sharper or bet- 
ter put than the following from A. Perkins, 
Jr., Scottsville, Ya.; 

In answer to " a subscriber's '" jiroposllion in the 
June number of the JocnwAL. I will say that the 
whole proposition Is wrong, in as much as things 
must be multiplied by numbers and nut by things. 

If you multiply S.1 bySS. you simply add to $5. 
live more dolIaiT*, result 810. If you multiply soo 
oeuls by 500 cents, you add to 500 cunts 50O cents 
mure, result l.flOO cents ($10.), but if you multiply 
»5 hy 5 you have S25. If you multiply 100 cents by 
5 you liavo 3.500 cents, $25. If you multiply ww 
cents by .iOO, you have 250.000 cents, or If you mul- 
tlply 85 by 500 you have the same result. 250 000 
cents, or $2,500. 

Here is an extract from another very 
readable letter, from E. B. Norton, Cam- 
bridge, N. Y.: 

It Is a well known fact in mathemallcs that the 
multiplier must always be an abstract number, 
and. tjils bolnff the case, we can not multiply $5 by 
85. but can multiply $5 by 5; we cannot multiply 
.")(^ cents by 500 cents, but can multiply BOU cents 
by 500. &.■> and 5.tii (ems .ire equivalent. If we 
multiply f- 1. ^ . x>. i! ,,,. r-'- lilt If we multiply 
.lOOoent-* ii - !,, r-K). ourmultiplicr 

beingUlinn , ■ , , iawiona multiplier. 

This is from W. L. Somerset, Portland, 
Conn. : 
"Subscriber," for the uceommodatlon of a friend 

there are not so many as 4,000 stars 
at any time visible above the horizon. But 
a very different result presents itself when 
the heavens are surveyed through a tele- 
scope. Countless number of stars then 
come into view which were previously invisi- 
ble, and the more powerful the telescope 
used the greater the number of stars re- 
vealed to observation, until finally the con- 
chision is arrived at that the number of 
stars visible iu the heavens is limited only 
by the optical capacity of the instrument 
which the observer may employ in his 
survey. A familiar illustration of this is 
furnished by the well known group of stars 
known as the Pleiades, Surveyed with the 
naked eye this interesting object is seen to 
consist of only six or seven stars ; but when 
observed with an ordinary opera glass the 
entire deld of view is filled with a beautiful 
congeries of distinct stars. The astrono- 
mer. Sir William Herschel, who fur sur- 
passed other aslionomers in the profundity 
of his explorations of the stellar heavens, 
has left upon record some striking rcsuilsof 
his observations illustrative of the immense 
multitude of stars which a powerful tele- 
scope is capable of revealing. It may be 
proper to remark that when the stars are 
surveyed even with a telescope of moderate 
capacity they are seen traveling in quick 
succession through the field of view of the 
instrument, an optical illusion attributable 
to the diuiual revolution of the earth upon 
its axis. Ilersehel, while engaged in survey- 
ing some regions of the Milky Way, foimd 
in the short interval of a «iuarlor of an hour 

as many as 116,000 stars pass through the 
field of his telescope. On another occasion 
he estimated that in 41 minutes there passed 
in the review before him the immense num- 
ber of 2ri8,000 stars.— Gooff WoTd». 

The man who pleased everybody never 
existed, but no one can find fault wiih 
Ames' Best Pen. 

The Milking of Postage Stumps. 

The design of the stamp is engraved on 
steel, and in printing, phites arc used on 
which two hundred stamps arc engraved. 
Two men cover these plates wiih col- 
ored inks and pass them to a man and a girl 
who print them on large hand-presses. 
When they are dried euough, they are sent 
into another room and gummed. The gum 
used for this purpose is a peculiar composi- 
tion, made of powdered dried potatoes and 
vegetables mixed with water. After having 
been again dried, they are put between 
sheets of pasteboard and pressed in hydrau- 
lic presses capable of applying a weight of 
2.000 tons. The sheets are then cut in two 
by girls, with long shears, cutting hy baud 
being preferred to that done by machin- 
ery, which destroys too many stamps, then 
they are pressed once more, and then packed 
and labeled and stowed away to be sent out 
to the various offices when ordered. If a 
single stamp is torn or in any way mutilated _ 
the whole sheet of one hundred stamps is 
burned. Not less than 500,000 are said to 
be burned every week. The greatest care 
is taken in counting the sheets of stamps to 
guard against stealing by employes, and it 
is said that during the past twenty years 
not a sheet has been lost in this way. 

An astute mathematician calculates that 
lucre are now 518 "best" penmen in 
America. Every one knows, though, that 
there is only one best pen— Ames' Best, 35 
cents for a quarter gross box, 

Your Eyes. 

Visual grasp varies, of course, with the 
individual; hut much may he done in edu- 
cating the eye an<l perceptive faculties. 
Houdiu, the celebrated prestidigitator, at- 
tributed his success in his profession mainly 
to his quickness of perception, which, he 
tells us in his entertaining autobiography, 
he acquired by educating his eyes to detect 
a large number of objects at a single glance. 
His plan was to select a shop window full of 
a miscellaneous assortment of articles and 
walk rapidly past it a number of times every 
day, writing down each object which im- 
pressed itself on his mind. In this way he 
wasable.after a time, to detect instantnnei'Us- 
ly all of the articles in the window, even 
though they might be numbered by scores, 
Agassiz understood the value of this quick- 
ness and accuracy of perception, On one 
occasion he desired to sehct an assistant for 
one of his classes. There were a uumher of 
candidates for the post of honor, and, find- 
ing himself in a quandary as to which one 
he should choose, the happy thought oc, 
curred to him of subjecting three of the 
more promising students lo the simple test 
of describing what they saw at a single 
glance from the laboratory window, which 
overlooked the side yard of the college. One 
said that he saw merely a board fence and a 
brick pavement; another added a stream of 
soapy water; the third detected the color of 
the paint on the fence, noted a green mold 
or fungus on the bricks and evidences of 
"bluing" in the water, besides otherdetails. 
It is needless to tell which candidate was 
awarded the coveted position. 

The World's Stock ot Gold. 

A French writer on finance recently esti- 
mated the total stock of gold in the world 
in use as coin or as banking resorvcs 
in one shape or other at about i*580.000,000 
(^2,900,000.000), of which total England 
has £126,000.000,. France £130.000.000, 
Germany £80.000.000, and the United 
States £02.000,000. Other nations come iu 
for shores varying from £800.000 in the 
case of Holland, to £80,400.000 in Spain. 

A hoy who can't own a beautiful $100 
bicycle now (by working for The Journal) 
hasn't much snap and push ahout him — ' 
has he 1 

An I .JoiuNAi: 

%|)'< of '^(«0)(oq?a()^<|. 

The Demandfor Shorthand Files 

Tliere was sucb a (leomutJ for our sbort- 
himd files last month tbat the complete sets 
were exhausted before tbe Judc Jouhnai. 
bud bcea from press a week. Only one 
number is missing so far, and we nt once 
gave orders for repriuting its shorthand 
pnpes. These are now being put in shape, 
find we beg a few days iudulgence from 
Ihose who have n-cenlly sent us orders. 

At I'le present rule of sales all ihe Jouu- 
NAL back numbers containing the i^bori- 
baniL lessons will be exhausted in n few 
weeks. Provide yourself while you can, 
Scis complete with binder $2 ; without 
binder, $1.50. 

lit elst 


«ome particub 
spidl 1 -nfr=r If tvp. writing. The version 
w( I'M ' I' I in •'■i-\:i\ "call," and it tells 

ils^^^l, :>i\ I i.iu up a Ircc It looks 

like ;i 1m> a I II ;.. lui behalf of the Call 
grapU. ILll: i._nuiii,ii)Lnt "In writing evi 
dence, Q and A. respcclively. followed by 
period, must be written before each ques- 
lionl and answer," is meant to present the 
double key machines at their worst. The 
duplicating test of at least fifteen copies is 
a plain dig at the Hammond. The Ham- 
mond people claim that so much duplication 
lends to tear a machine to pieces, and we 
think the point well taken. Perhaps we an- 
wrong in supposing tbe "speed contest" 
wasarranned in the (^aligrapb interest, but 
it looks mijj'btily that way. 

The Prize Script Winner. 

Will H Wilcox, Tacomu. Washington 
Territory, bears off the prize pen offered bj 
tbe .loL'HNAL for the best specimen of Wun. 
son shorthand script for publication. M e 
ptcseul it herewith and liave no doubt that 
the award will be satisfactory to the other 
ccnnpetitois. Several of the specimfnn 
were excellent, and we may print some (f 
llicm later. Here is ■ • ■ 

\d exact translation i 


Ilie *!HAl fork 
tti.'lefl"as y. 

vaa convey a 

i tit Ibo luiugled beauty and 

■ [WijTti n I _s u I n ^^ .. . i M ■■'[! I \\".ialiiiicton 

The outlines for the words " literally." 
"uniting "and "denser" would be better 
written thus: 




In tbe matter of phrasinc. Mr. Wilcox 
has carried the principles a little too far id 
the phrases "Pipe of Peace," "Fork of 
the." and "Glory of the." each of which 
would have been more easily read bad tbe 
"of" and the " of ibe"bpon written sepa- 
rately. In the phrase "and I should " the 
■• and " would be belter by it«elf . as in fast 
wri ing it would be difflcull to distin'Miish 

Operators may select their own reader if 
dcsiratile, or tbe committee will provide a 
general ri:i<icr. If llie eommiitce's reader 

reads for 'H "|M I ihi - liny shall all write 
at the Ml ' I i -' vvbo select their 

own n L ! I i-n-^enlin the room 

ulun , . liiii: the time the 

n'lifr .:. I i- fing unless they 

■ I ; _ iiii' in competition. 

; I ililc that all ope- 

I I vv .\i.!Mi..' niii-i iir written for ten 
iniiinlcs. and cnni'spfiiiflence must be writ- 
ten for live minutes, and the highest num- 
ber of points possible for any operator to 
make will be ten thousand. 

Deductions for errors. One point will be 
deducted for each of the following errors : 

Leaving out a le'tor or character. 

Striking a letter or cbaract-croftener than 

Where one space is not left between all 

H a word is omitted, a point will be de- 
ducted for each letter and foronc space; and 
for every transposed word a half point will 
be deducted for each letter contained there- 
in writing evidence. Q. and A. respec- 
tively followed by a period must be written 
before each question and answer. 

A period must wind up every declarative 

Few of the readers of The Journal will 
recognize the portrait above, jet there is 
not a shorthand writer in the country whose 
name is more familiar to writeis of all sys- 
tems than that of E. N. Miner, editor and 
publisher of tbe Pfionographic World, of 
New York. Possessed of indomitable en- 
ergy and a thorough knowledge of tbe 
worth of his own convictions, alive to the 
wants of bis profession and quick to re- 
spond, Mr. Miner has gained for the World 
a circulation more than twice as large us 
that ever before attained by any phono- 

graphic publication in this country, and a 
tbe same lime has built up a large business 
in new and secondhand writing mocbincs 
and supplies in New York, with a flourish- 
ing branch houtic in Chicago. 

Mr. Miner is still a young man, having 
just passed his tbirty.fourth birthday, and 
together with his charming wife, who is a 
tireless worker in the same field with her 
husband, we hope be will labor on, until 
all his "books" are filled with useful 
"matter" for his fellow scribblers, and 
nothing remains but "translation." 

the phrase from " we shoidd." But it is an 
extremely creditable piece of work tbrouf^b 
and through, and we heartily congiatulate 

Canadian Shorthand Society 
Speed Contest. 

First prize, a gold medal ; second prize, 
a silver medal. 

A bronze medal will be awarded tbe ope- 
rator attaining the highest speed in writing 
the following sentence: " This is a 30Dg to 
fill tbte with delight." Three thousand 
points will be given for writing this sen- 
tence ninety times in five minutes. Tbe 
same deduction will be made for errors as in 
dictated matter 

Medals will have particulars of contest 
and winner's name engraved thereon. 

Rules. — Tbe contest will be held in Tor- 
onto on 151b August, in a building selected 
by the committee. 

Competitors roust be bona fide members 
of tbe Society. Those who are not now 
members may obtain application form from 
the Secretai'y. and send fee. $1. 

No person will be allowed to enter the 
contest who does not produce membership 
card for the current year, and who docs 
not comply with tbe rules under which 
contest wdl be conducted. 

Applications of competitors must be in 
the hands of the Secretary ten days before 
the date of tbe contest . 

Operators must supply and use machines 
that write capitals and smalt letters. 

Matter shall be a portion of law evidence 
letter free from any techni- 

sentence, and a mark of interrogation an 
interrogative sentence. 

All operators will he required to write 
on paper fuinisbed by the Committee. 

Operators will make at least three co|>ies 

To (Mcli nipy must be attached in baod- 
wiitin^ the siyimture of tbe operator, one 
cupy of which may be retained by the ope- 
To show skill in manifolding all operat- 
ors will be required to make fifteen copies 
from slow dictation. 

Prrfecl work c<mibined with speed will 
be'tbe basis upon which the Committee will 
give judgment. 

No change will be made in the above 
rules unless by a majority vote of the Com- 

The committie's judgment to be final. 
CoNxmrn'TioNs Solicited. — In order to 
meet tbr .ri^rn r ,r.T,-i.rfrfI with the con- 
test. niJilJi '- ; ir fund, the Com- 

mittee ri ■ , . who ore interest- 
ed in t\ |m [i]]i!oy stenograph- 
ers or 111- I \ |ii IV I ill 1^, ur any writing 
machine, In send a donation for ihe purpose 
of making tbe first writing machine con- 
test ever held in the world an uniiualifii'd 
success, and also to give encouragement to 
tbe attaining of higher speed on all ma- 

Checks may be made payable to the Sec- 
retary, and ail contributions will he grate 
fully acknowledged. 

(Signed) Tnoe. Pinknev. Pres. 
N. S. Ddnlop. Secy. 
C. E. Stanbukt, 
C. W. Per 

llnnk, n-'S. Eiiclosu siiiinp (ur painplilut aud 


r. 3 Pliiltulelplita, Pa. 

$4 gZf\ A neat box contalnfai; com- 

I aOva plate outHt for Sluirlhand 
iiupils. Buub us note bonks, penolls. pena, rubber 
Iiik-tand, etc., Pto.. wtll he n-nt, postpaid, or ex- 
proMatie prepaid, to any part of ttie Uult«a SttttuH 
iiu receipt of^ Address, 

l-tf 80.^ Droadway. Now York. 

Hth St.. New 


OWELL & HICKCOX'S School of Shorthand, 

22 School St., 

, Is ttie leadtnfc Aman- 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate and Reliable. Send Btamp fur a 
3a-page CIrcvilar. Machines rented on trial. 


/'/iVr Jito 

■I ften. 


' iiiteani Shorthand 
(ike you through 
'iiliy student kuhi- 
I iiiliand Sohoul In 

WANTED •"■' 



SHORTHAND 'ho'ouBhly lauBh, 

CYCLOSTYLES, °g;„1',;='i;;f„^°' 

Su^.ul f..r tircv W. G. CHAFFEE, Oswego. NY. 

Shorthand Writing 

Seven Solid Statements 

t. It Is ageiiuliio flolf iiiBtriiotorlntheReport- 
tiir Style ot PhonoKriipliy. 

2. I'bo plun ••{ Itii-iruiii wlilch Is new and 

ri(flnal,lBtlif .ini V' f . - rrrh vr^.-d for tlioroiiKl' 

ivud a thoruuKh 
iiipilsln Kohoi 


PENMAN'S Art Journal 



B^nenl oopyrlKht Is onl: 

TTAXCn.— H«)ne7 thnnld t 

Tfu JoumaTt Oentral Agent for Canada is A. J. 
Smalt. wAow htadguarUrg are 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. BUloU Fraser, Stcrelary " Circle de 
la SalU," Quebec, {P. 0. Box 164). U tpecial agent for 
tKal city and vMnUy. The International !few» Oo., 
II BouverU Street (Fleet Street), London, art U* 
foreign agents. 

•: JOUKNAL o»i 
ndid Premium 
J Extra Copies i 

i-hes. Itreech-LoHilIng Shot Giiiik. 
otographlc OutBta, Scroll Smwh 
leA, PeninanHhip Outfits, etc., 
tVA¥. Theopportunity of a llfe- 


Uusinesa Wrltliyt. . . 


A. C, Webb. 


TliH Fifty (iiiotHtioiis: Dollnra and Sense ; 
Cuuntinir till' Twinkllnir IlosU of the 
lleuvens; Tlit Mrtkllig of Postage StanipB; 
Ediic-Hle Your Eyes ; The World's Stotjk 


The Prize sorlpt VVIancr : canadiHii Short- 
hand Sootcty Typewriter Speed Contist - 
Ski.teh..f E, L Miner; Nr.teR. vtv 

U-tterby A. C.Webb 

Tortralt of B. L. MItier. 
I'honographlo Scri|.l (Will I 

Webb (drawn by hlmseir ) 

Since the last issue of Tub Jouknat, 
the editor has been wbirled across ibc con- 
tinent, and is now enjoying bis summer 
liolidiiy at the National Teacliers" Associa- 
tion in session at the Queen city of the 
Pacific slope- According to its custom for 
years, this issue of Tiie .Iouhnal is a vaca- 
tion half number. In the next we shall 
present eoterlainingaccountsof the National 
Teachers' and Business Educators' Conven- 
tions with some notes of transcontinental 
travel that ought to be of interest. The ab- 
breviated space of this issue compels the 
omission of much matter that will make rhe 
August Journal unusually piipiant and 

Not .many moke days of grace remain 
fi)r those who intend lo compete for our 
literary prize. The manuscripU must be in 
by August 1, 

This is from the Budt/rt. a monthly Jiler- 
ary periodical, published at Marysviile.Cal. ; 
■Ames' New Compendium of Practical 
and Ornamental l*euniansbip htis recently 
been received, and is a worthy product of 
America's best penman. It is printed in 
convenient form for showing to advantage 
the artist's work, and gives specimens of 
each department of lliis branch— from the 
writing of over twenty alphabets, to the 
various elaborate drawings and ornameuta- 

Special Summer Offer 

^^-1 Jilly Mild Aiigufst fSs^ 

The new premium schedule of Tue Journal (announced in the issue 
of February last) gave the friends of tlie paper something new to work fur- 
To good, active workers the terms are the best ever made, and all persons 
who send subscriptions lo the Journal should keep a copy of the pn-minm 
issue before them. 

Some of our friends have written us that they have received money for 
subacriptions from persons wlio had been canvassed when the old preminm 
schedule was inforce, and who were nnawareof the change. Such agents, very 
many of them teachers, have asked earnestly for a little further extension of 
time on the old list in order to meet such cases as we have named. 

In view of these facts we have concluded to restore the old preminm 
offers for the months of July and August. The premiums are as follows : 

e year, with o 


e of following elegant premiums 
I Lord's Prayer- 

-_,"" JiF A*i Flourished EOi,. 

FamUy Itewrd.^ " IHxffi | Flourished Stag. 

i without exoeptloti careful 
wn in this country. Pr' 
y of the above, a subscriber 

ime In cloth binding for $1 35. For ja we will .semi ilu' .Jmuhnai •<t\v venr tliV fJui. 
y of the Standard Practical Penmanthip. ' - ' 

ewillmali two sub-oiiptlons, each with premhim.iiud anw/fVTpremliiin of a copy of A\ 
lubsoriptions, each withpreinliim. ami an extra premium of a o 


Flourished Eagle. . 
Flourished Stag. . 
Conftnnial Picture 

Price bv mall, Wc'.-ntv .'',oh" 

:t elegant speci 

'shown in thisi 

... rilOeof HHV 

. package 

paoer. or t ,_ . 

cloth and a copy of the Standard Practical 

For Sa we will mail two sub'^ip 
Oiiii/e Incloth. the prj(^ei)f wlMch i8$l. 

The restoration of the old premiums will in no way interfere with the 


plan which is far too goodathing toabandon or even lay aside for a short 

The two plans will remain separate and distinct. Yo 
ir choice ; of course you can't have both. 

Now, friends, let na liear from you lively all along the line. 


—The Hartford Daily V'imrs compliments C. 
VViiKer upon some excellent engrossing work exe 
I'ured for the Aetna Life Insurance Company. Tin 
•loi'RKAt. has hud occasion to expr 
of these examples of pen art. 

c Hud )i 

ari- I'ress-JtegMer of June 
•,'S, a lengthy account of the fourteenth Annual 
Oonimencement exercises of C. T. Miller's New 
■ler^ej Business College. A large class of ladles 
and gentlemen reoetved sheepskins, 

-The JnuHNAi. had the pleHsnrf- of a full rpi-ftit- 
ly from H. P. Behrensmeye^r .^^-i^.rnli ..i :,( 
MuHselmau's (Jem City Biisim-- '-iillr-ur.. i^nim v, 
III. Mr. Behreusmeyerspent ;< \v< I k <>i iw., i:a-t, 
enjoying bimttelf looking at liic vltrht- ..f rii.' I 

-On June laih the Rochester Busiiie.-s L'niv 
^ity rounded out the twentli-fourth year of its < 
i.-tence- We are gratifled lo know that this 1 

ne of the foremost A 
nercial training, W. 
1. Williams & Rogers 

-With the compllment.i of William James Lans- 
ley, the Jqurnal received an Invitation to be 
represented at the commencement exercUesat 
Rutger's College. New Brunswick, N. J., which 
Occurred on June aoth. Sir. Lauoiey was one of 
the graduates. He Is a son of Dr. J. H. Lansley. 
the well known Imsiness college man of Elizabeth. 

—The commencement exercises of the Nashville 
College for Young Ladles occurred early lu June. 
Rev. George W. K. Price, D. D. ilie Pre^ick'nt, 
preached the baccalaureate sermon. Diplomas 
were given to an unusually large class. 

-In the Louisville, Ky., Cnunnnrial of June !ith. 
appeared an entertaining account nf the twenty 

legeof that city. Two large boa Is wire requireti 
to accommodate the three o/Hcers, elyht teachers, 
three hundred pupils and several hundred ainmni 
who availed themselves of tlie pleasurable oppor- 
tunities of the occasion. 

-The record of the 
Drake's Jersey I'ity Business Coiloge. wl 
place on June i4th. made a column of li 
reading in the Jersey City Journal of the 
An entertaining programme of music, r 
and speech -making was enacted. 

—Mr. Miner, who will be remembered . 
ber of the faculty of tlie College of C 
Philadelphia, sometime since, and more recently 
as the conductor of the t'owmeroial department 
of the Albion College, has become jointly interest- 
ed with Mr. Johnson in the Capital City Business 
College, Lansing, Mich. 

—3. C. Steiner's Voungatown. Ohio, Business 
College, has grown so much of late that better 
accommodations were necessary. A new college 
luUI nf ample dimensions has been secured 

—We find ill the Young Mmx fi^f Coni}i(uilon, 
published at Des Moines, lnwa. the portrait of a 
good looking young man labeled J, B Duryea. He 
is well known as the penman of the Iowa Business 
College. The portrait vi'as drawn by Prof, c, A. 

—J. A. Willis, late of New York llty but now a 
memberof the faculty of the Little Rock, Ark., 
Cimmerclal College, took unto himself abetter 
halfreoenUy in Miss Effle A. Glass. They were 

is perhap<i the best 
It sports a bright n 

leslgncd by G. W. 

himself, which do credit ti 
and skill of 

distlnciliin as an author of commercial textbooks. 
His practical bookkeeping stands shoulder to 
shoulder with the best. His Gem City DusiTtetx 
Jofitnal Is one of the most Interesting and must 
carefully edited school publications that we have 
the pleasure of leeing. and we fee them all. and 
read them, too. That highly accomplished pen 
man. Fielding Kchotield. directs the department 
of rienmanship in the Gem City College. 

>rlf{inallty of design 

—We find in the Oakland, Cal. Inquirer of July S. 
a very complimentary notice of the Oakland Bnsl- 

—The daily fifate JoJirnul. Lincoln, Neb,, of July 
3. chronicles the nuptials of Prof A M. Hargis, 
principal of the Grand Island College, and Mi.-s 
Mabel Evans of that city. The ceremony was wit- 
nessed by a dlslingulslied corai.,iny 

— Oooii Fii"n, !,■'■,, N^i-in^M- I , nil . I- i .-spt-nfltble 

Business ColliiiL- I'l II i! .'li .r (I'l.iiy I, 188S. 

showed Itj^it ihiTi' vMT. II'.. r i'-i.,rriiM ^indents 

— N. c. Biowsier, whu Is connected with the 
Klmlra. N. V.. Business College, sends us a variety 
1 work of a high 

— Tliere are few young writers in the country 
who can turn out bettor work than E. L, Wiley, 
supeilntendent of writing In the public schools In 
Painsvltle, Oblo. Ills letters are gems. 

—We have from William A. Wright. Baltimore, 
Md., a bal^b of elegant specimens of pen work. 
Comprising letters, ornamental designs, etc. Tlie 
work stamps him as a genuine artist. The Journal 
hopes to reproduce one of his specimens In the next 

De Leon has been making an extended 
investigation of the amount of iron in milk, 
nod lindB that cow's niillt contains more of 
this constituent than cither hum:tn or asses, 
milk. In asses' milk he found 0.0025 per 
cent, of iron, in hvimau milk 0.0015 per 
cent, and in cow's thilk 0,0040 per cent. 

Now that everything is being done by 
eleclrlcity, it is not strange that the fisher- 
man should utilize it. A small battery is 
attached to the rod, and near tlie hook is 
a .small eiectrie light. The flslicrmau 
lights up his lamp, and the usual phenom- 
enon attrticls the tish. The baited hook does 

the r 

pen scratch '/ Ames' Best 

Tno of A Good Kinil. 

•■Yours of 30ih ult. received wilh the 
Ames' Compendium. Am more than pleased 
with the book. It is like The Jocrn.\l— 
the best on pentnanship I have ever seen. 
J. C. Hlanto.n. 

Ilardemiiu , On., Aprifi. 

Slie Stnilletl Voltipiik. 

A (harming yoang student of Gruk 
Once tried toac(|uire Volapuk : 
But It sounded so bad 
That her friends called her mad. 
And she tiutt it in less than a wuk. 
W'twtr, Sentiiifl. 

<>•' iliH advertisement of 
I'ii'liiiiniirt, Va., sod thev 
(e money rlk'bt along. If 
Ise needing employment. 


-By an experienced and successful 

pun base or partnerehip. Addi 


Address W. A. HOFFMAN, Hoineworth, 


of Penmanship ami tlie Cornmenial Brandies, 
services. Have had several yenrs experience, and 

r and ability. Addrt 

$li>Oamouth, by th«i 


thriving V 

i.\perlence In the het't 

\.U."u-r r..iM-l,,ri Pen- 

.. I ■■ . ■ ". ■ .ilniid of 
■ V..rk. T-1 

y.'r'..oareTHE Jopr- 
js Business College in 

I. K.L.. 


•'The Best Fountain Pen.'* 

Chauncey M. Depew. Pitt. 

;kB."— W. W. Osgoodby. Off. Stenographer, 

noy refunded if nor satisfactoiy. Send for a 

tar. Mem ion I'iinman-s ArtJdi unai., 

E. Waterman Co., IRH Itruadwny, New 

a K M C I T Y 

Business College 



This is the great actual Business College of Ibu 
West, while our Normal Penmanship Department 
Is unapproHched by any other Institution 
In the laiitl. All our graduates have secured 
good paying positions, ranging in price from $00 
to $lOo per month, and applicntlon'i are constantly 
coming in from Business Colleges for our graduates 
as teachers. 

Prof. Musselmait holds thirteen silver medals 
and tbirty-flve diplomas Including the great Cin- 
'•innati IndMlrial Ej-/ia/<mon. and llie World's S-r- 
Itosition. New Orleans ; while Prof. Schofiald has 
received first premiums from the Eastern States, 
where he taught eighteen years before coming to 

Illustrated catalogue and specimens of penman- 
ship sent free. 



yriNCV. ILL. 





Just For Fun. 

If silence is golden, we' know whv the 
Mint is in Pbiladelpbia.— /'»ft.. 

It is reported that Oscar Wilde has grown 
iliia. There are some things thnt ibe less 
you have of them the better, — Boston Tran- 

In lower New York you must eat beef 
hash to beefhashionnble.— TeJo* Siftings. 

"Is your father a Cbrislian?" asked the 

■epiied the boy, '•he 

an cares very little 
;au only strike ifie 
"sonable accuracy he 

V minister. "No," 
sings ID the choir." 

The average club i 
about music. If he 
key of the door with n 
is content. — BnrUvgion Free Pms. 

The heart atid the soul are used iuter- 
cliHiigeably as the seal of the affections, but 
a Cliiciiirogirl de;ectsa wide di'tiiiclion be- 
tween leliing her that she is large-bcarted 
ur big soled.— Philadelphia Call. 

Mrs. Prudley; I hear Mr. Agile broke bis 
limbrecenilv. Pray, how did he doit?— 
Mr. Quizley' He fell from the-the— Ibe— 
leg of an apple tree.— 7oirn Topicfi 

The Stewart will case in New York has 
brought up the question of the vftlue of the 
estate. It was A. T. millions, we believe. It 
also appearo that the Judge Hilton to large 
quantities of \\,.— Pittsburgh Chronicle 7'vle- 

3 kissing a pretty girl 

"This thing is gettin" contagious! ' said a 
boy who had been told several times to go 
to bed, "What do you mean?" asked bis 
father, "I mean that I shall catch it if I 
don't move on." 

When a washerwoman changes her place 
of residence one may ask ber "where she 
bangs out now" without using slang.— £>. 


I do you think of a boy 

ow." What do 
that throws a 

that thi 

walk?" Son: "I don 
you think of a banana 
man on the sidewalk?" 

A Cincinnati deacon is under arrest for 
stealing 18,45 from the contribution box. It 
is unnecessary tostale, perhaps, that his pcc- 
liliitions dated over b series of years. — Bing- 
hiDiipltin Republican. 

"Jobn," said the farmer's wife, "afore 
we start for home, I think I'd ought to 
have tliat too'b pulled out. It's ached the 
whole day." 

"I know. Mariar," replied John dubious- 
ly, "but by the lime we get that jug tilled 
an' the plug terbacker we haint got much 
money to spend un luxuries."— £■.?. 

Minister-" So you go to school do you 

Bobby- - •* ^' ■■ 

Minister — " Let i 

you spell kit- 

Bobby—" I'm getting too \ng a boy to 
spell kitten. Try me on cat.— iV. V. Sun. 

" Ma, de fizlology say yere dai de hu- 
man body am imposed of free fourth wa- 
tab." "Waal, yo' bettah mosey oIT to 
school, an' git outen dat hot sun, ur fus 
I'ing yo" know yo' be' vaporatin'." 

Mrs. Hayseed (perplexed) — What's the 
mcanin' of MDCCCLXXXVIII on that new 
school bui'ding John? 

Mr, Hny.'ieed-Durned if I know. I sup- 
pose it's some of this new-fangled languaee 
called Volapuk. I hear they're teaching it 
in the schools. — Epoch. 

After the amateur fisberraan has ceased 
telling his story one has <crave doubts that 
there are still as good fish in the sea as ever 
were cimght, — Boston Cmnier. 

Whin a man and a woman go into a mat- 
rimonial partnership, true, the man's name 
is Jilone used, but this would not justify one 

tell God. II.' unit u|.t,, I 

returned, ili- itjuiini Mi-|..ried something 

from his muuiKi, au.l iusl^L-d him if he had 

— A good many penmen are availing 
themselves of our offer of the New Speu- 
cerian Compendium bound couiplete, (price 
$7.50), and the Ames* Compendium, (price 
S5.00) for 110. The combination gives a 
saving of $2.50, and the two works are a 
complete penman's library in themselves. 

[right Pui 

il resDlt nf 
.Money beins 
I- • ■ ■ 

l«Mlmplo the 

pro-*ni. .Mo__, 

wrrter of tbin^«. the chances for maki 

upwardd per hour in a new' line ot plMsant bu'si" 
d ; yon are started " 

all ; no harm done, if after knowing 
etude nnt to euKsire. ^ ■•'-•- 
JiOo.. Portland, Ualne 

n the reKolar 

make $l and 
lea&ant bust- 
etarted free. 

Addresa S 

The Perfection Pens are of ETi^llsh manufacture 
and are unequaled for eleirant penmanship of all 
kinds. They are suitable for 8lu<Ienta' pmotlce iir 
h"meand in school, and are unexcelled for c:tr.i 
writing. flourishinBT. specimen-making, etc. Th. ^ 
are just what they are labeled— " Perffeoti"ii 
These pens are liue, smooth pointed, double-elu^i i' 
and very durable. Every pen Is perfect. Over 
10,000 gross have been sold In the past few months, 
and the universal verdict from everj-one le : "They 
ure the best pens 1 have ever used." 
One-foorth Gross, by mail, poHtnge 

prepaid » 30 

One Gross, by mall, postage prepaid.. 1 00 

One and two-cent U. S. Postage Stamps taken for 
orders not exceeding $1 . 

special rates to schools. 


Strokes " sent free 

rograpblu Editors," lOc 
3 to all V(ho order the "' 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips, 
2Sc.; Practice Book. lOc; Prize Specimen, 10c. ; 
specimen of Ornamental Penmanship direct from 

5c.; Guide. Prize Specimen and ( 


515 East State f: 



raunship literature. PmfKs-i.nuiN like w Ania- 
leursllke it; students hikI t. ..>Ii. <-• iik-- n .\il 

W.D.SHOWALTER, Ed., Cleveland, 0. 

$75.22 to $250. 


Standard Typewriter. 


We guarantee the superiority of our machines. 
them unbroken at any time within 30 days C. o. D. 
for full price paid if not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
Illustrated pamphlet and sample book of papers on 

327 Broadway, New York. 

Philadelphia. 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washington St. 

Washington, Le Droit Building. 
Baltimore, 9 N. Charles St. 
Minneapolis, 12 Third St 
Chicago. 196 La Salle St. 

St, Louis. 308 N. Sixth St 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St, 
London, 100 Gracechurch St., cor 
Leadenhall. . 

a Text, en»ler than elthi 

. _ 3 resembles No, 1, only the pen is _ _ 

and the shade comes ou the left, having a very 

e effect. 

I the " German Text," and adapt- 

!■. ' I .i'i. Hudespeoiaily adapted 

M. irking Alphabet," and 

i.iit e-pef.'ially for .*mBll 

'2 lessons, %% 50. 2U lessons. i^.(^ 

dress, C. E. JONES, 

k Box 44. ^ Tabor, lo 



416 royal octavo 
I is replete with the higliest 

nershlp adjustments mul oitwi'l. ari-niinnM 

alone worth many iiiiir~ Uk- mp^i i-i Un- iji.i 

whoise debit iiiid or<-dit laws hold trade an 
merce iit tlit-lr orbits ami keep in harmonlou 
lulion the financial values nf the world. 


Kelasy A; Co. il 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 



Send $1, S'2, %% or $5 for a 
ample retail boi, by express 
.( itie Best CANDIES In 
uii. .irja. put up in elegant 
" ' ■ ' -, and strictly pure. 

iiM,vijle for presents. Ex- 
Tt -iv (.harges light. Itefers 
• ' all Chicago. Try It onue. 


.'onrectioner, CIIICAGO 


Abounds with IhL- nirt si gem.s of praftk'al tinn- 
putatioiis. This great phlloMophlo work stands 
v'idiout a peer In the annuls of -praolical matlie- 

its and business men who wou'd keep 


' A llmusanii years as a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A slmrt, ximplo, practical method by 
K. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sacremento Busl- 
oesa CoU»-ge. Sacremento, Cal. By mail. 50 cents. 
Address as above 9-l> 

School Oardrning, i. e., the planting of 
lawns, trees and fiowera on seltool groundti, 
for educational and beautifying purposft, is 
aiiiplg and abhj treated In The American 

pole Ink Powdor mskes the beat free- 
flowing, jet-black writing liilt In the world. Will 
"' " " first claa^ 

roiTode the 



and I 

wanted, j 

does not have I 
d, and we will j 
make from three plnta to o'lie gallon of Ink. Un- 
for stylograpJiki and founutn pens 

mantifacturers of every 
Boston, ] 

ipio which will 

pinu to one galli ' ' " " 

Ruhng in\s and I 
a 8pecl& 'y, W 

WORKS, ^port „. ^,„, 

descriptlou of Dyeeand Chemicals, M OuvxB»r.. 

nts of prac- 

niattiir gardeners and 
fruit growers. The Amekican 
Garden has stood the test of 
time and receives endorsement 
of all this class in every sec- 
tion and many lands. Though 
costing as much and more to 
produce than many $2 and S3 
publications, the subscription 
price of this handsome and prac- 
tical illustrated magazine of hor- 
ticulture is ONLY SI A YEAR. In 
club with Pc7iman's yournal for 
Si K5. 

K. H. LIBBY. Publisher, 
i>-3 Broadway, N. Y. 




449 Main St., BufTalo, N. Y., 

Business Hducation 


By nnjaiia of illreol Perwuoal Correspondence. 

Tfrrilon/ and Marly iiU BrifUli ArMrican Proviricrt> 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 







letter, fresh fi-om the ] 
will be mulled ' 


uitNAL should see ttiese beau- 
i'liofto of ei'Cli. acc'impanitil by a 



RpecUl penmanship department, thorouifh 
course, Kood teac-heni, good evorytblng. Clrculura 
seut free. Address 


..N, Y. 

Iowa Commercial College. 


Penmanship Department 
NortlK-ni IIIinoKs Nniiiial Scliool 


J. II. Dlllf, Piiiiclpul. 

C. N. Cr»ndle, Penniiin. 


2-ia Meuiioo iVnmfin'H Art Journa . 





Mnkos a Shaded Mark of Two Colore at a Sbiirle 
Stroke. Sample Mt of three sizes by mail, •1.00. 
t-lrcular and ^ampIe writinK. FREE. 



sine written hy au^ 

I ordinary writlnit. Is mallerf for tLOO. from the 
ew York office only- Address 


Penman's Badge. 


3 Uitner's ColleRe, 


nr.cellsr d 
, Flourlshii (. 

Speclm<in flourlbblne 10c or 
J. F. FISH. Cleveland Ohio 

Written Cards' 

ONE PACK (50) 






No. 128. 

Exprt^sly adapted for professional use aud t 



All of Staodard and Superior Quality. 






W. G. CHRISTIE, Penman, 

-12 Poujhko^psl.-. N Y. 

Leading penmen iire warm in their prnlats 
of Ames" Best Pen. Have you tried it ? 
Thirty five eeuts^a box. 

is now one of the departments of ixn Angeles 
Business College and English Trtilnlnit Suliool 

My school hy mail iH now a pronounced 8U< ctss 
Twenty le-sons for ».t.OO. Send for iircular^ 
Those wi-hlnc a thoruui;h drill under our per onal 
Instruclion will find nn b, tier pIulo tliin the 1 n 

College Journal. -| ■ ' i " 

cts. D. B. WILLIAMS PrincpTi 

By Dvr,Hew HbuJ^I Pi\aCE55 «- 

*• Worth all others together."-.ffepi«w. 


LAPILINUM {'^tone-Cloth). 

A Perfect, Flexible Itlochboard for Leitur 

bulls tightly likeamap without injur) UnfoiiHl 
ed markint, surface buptr or eiasiblc qu ibik 


win wide 1 mukini; siirfaoi pti linear >cl S' ' 
i 111 upbiioUsof l.ijd3 ea Sold in iinyquantlir 

Black Diamond Slating 

The Best Tiqnid Slntim/ (without <j:n,,ti,i, 
foi Mallx and Wooden Blathboaid.s 

Makts the finest and most dniiibe sitifa e 
1 tisUi applied wi h a iomm m biu-b to «. \ u 


liLtb SI ia Quartb $2 HalCG II >n «.! SO G il ^\ 
$C 50 Flat 111 usb (4 in } ^n oeiil«< 

One quait ea ily co\er8 5n wjua e feet with thiLi 
Loats the number usu illy applied 

Used and ffirsea Perfect Safafaction in 

Columbia CoUeee (school of Mines) New \o\'k Cil > 
Columbia Grrtmmarbcho I 
< olle^e of Ph) icUima dSurgeoni 
Ilnupr It vol tliRdtvofNuw \oik 
Of New 1 ork 



now and be ready totcfioh or to get a 
,' business Vo-'->tl»n In the full 


of '-t 

m Pa / 



1 ll'-okB. free, C. DkSh 

(P. P.l HOB Walnut St.. PHILADELPHIA, 

||iiw to become Expert at Plcure".— 10.000 Sold 


hi Ifu I 'Ml S ;,r.,h<t 

ri, D,C. fexolualvelj). Pateison, N. J. 
city. Flushlnif.N. T. 

■'P.. Cal. Ml, VornoH, N. Y. 

.1 PouEhkeepali'. N. Y. 

N r. Waveily. k Y. 




; :: ,::-.::: ■■ 'S^xw •■ ...... 


No. ~) Rlik'd for music. atx3« Inches. a r: 

77iis w iinivereatty admitud In be the lie»i 
mfiteriatfor blackboard in uec. 







r than any Invi 

Ills ha 

this G 


lary 1. 1B88. Book-kceperd, bankers, clerks. 
:haiii(.'S, furmers, merchants, etc . find this the 

!:iBy rapid style of writing. The proof of the pud 
ling is in the eating. Here is another man who 
las tested this course of lessons and below is what 
le thinks of It. 

Mr, B W. Pulling, Wauaau, Wl-i.. n iw writes a 
mnd that \i excelled by few profe-slonals. Here 
s Ihe way he wrote before he began this course of 

nd Daklii. I send you with tbl» my i Imt.. and 
nature written befiire and after taking y»ur 

: of leSHODS. 

very grateful to you for yourkind attention 
ill always deem It a pleasure to rccon-mend 
oiirse of lesson'4 to all who wish to learn to 
fin elegant hand. Wishing your success, I 
I. Yours truly, U W. I'ulling. Wausau. Wis. 
<se %vhn think of taking the courHe I will send 
iS of m; penmanship for G cents. Ciruulura 


Syracuse, N. Y. 

Q the finest lineD bristol Tbey 


Don't fail to send 40 cents for 12 1 
all different. A beautifully written 
Thriifi sets of capitals all different 41 
be best pens mad« 45 cents. Addr 

For exports and careful writers, ii^e Noi, 1. 14 and 21. For eoirospoadeuts and nccoimtants, ua.- 
Nob. 2 and 3. For rapid writing, use Nos, 30 and 33. 


Commercial Law 

contlnasa the standard. It la plain, practical and just the book tor class tQ^truclion iii Business L'ld 
leges and Commercial Departments. A new edition is now ready for delivery. 

Sample Copies will he sent to teaahera on receipt of wholesale price, go Centa. 

Address orders and correspondence, 


sV 'll-ois^SIo^ FelJ.'k'isSS. | 

n. w, KiBBs. 

Uilca, N. T.. 
Mv liEMi Sin— your favor of Oct. 24 was duly rec'd. and T intpnded to reply i>i a short time, but some- 
how I l.iive had a great deal of extra work to do this year, and h ive been obliged to postpone every- 

Mt~ i(ii>-ill Ije^un with ur- Jibimt Nov 1, :iiiil I n-n ^l;id to he able to say that he comes fully up to 

^ ..111 -■. -I- pr ■' '■ i..i. I'll' 1.1-.. I !■■ I' ii M_' ;uv well calculated to produce fii-st'class penmen, 

■i 1 i \- I ■ I ''fuKe of snide penmen, though, of course, it Is 

I ri-'.vi -..iw ,1-iv u-i 1. . (ui >\ I :r!ii_- ■ ii i! 'A ,-■!■.■!.■ >v 111 Die obllque holder, and I will not have it In my 
Sfhiii.l Very Truly. 

Mr. Russell came here from New Bedford, Mnss.. and took acour-e in plain and ornament !il jieiiwoi'k. 

iiiir.ii>ii Willi Mr. CfiriieiiliT, iiiiil tilt- x\-^\\\X i.^ Mr. Curiienter is pleased with his teoulter. iislht' above letter 
siii.M^ i.i'l Mr Kii»-.,.|i i^ [,ipn-.-,i Willi Iji-^ i"i-iii..n, which we know hy a letter received from liini, 
w . ■. ,. I, .,1 -1 i.i. ■ ■ u II .1 . ■nn. I, -. Hill in penmanship, and prepare them to teach on their own 

II > > , Ml) s :■■ I find the instruction received from you of great 

I ■■ ^' v.. says :" lam niaklnga success of my teaching here," 

.111 .',,,-.. i.iaiis Kallt jVomitig Tinas: 

ii I I '■ , . I -)ii[i in Elmwood Buaioess Colleee. exhibits specimens of 

I" I , I , ■,,,ii,leiful irapnjvement. Prof. Arnistronj,' is a graduate of 

li.i li t-,-vi Pen ArtistH in the United Stdtes." 

u. ... ,. ,,f February 5, 188S, relative to one of oui-siudent.s : 

•■ K' .!■ ■■: i.i'ii' I'-i' ' tiLcrc'al CollPiie. Penmanship In thh institution is t.iught by 

Prot. A .1, Willis, ri-ciniily inmi Iticn, IN. i,, and hia skill, both as an artist and a teacher, is remarka- 

o'ur student* are in demand, and you will make no mistake in coming here for instruction In poumaii- 

If you doBiro to learn more nbout us from those who have been here and taken instruction, write to 
some of the following tfauhers, encloslnj,' a stiimp for reply. 

Some of them are teachlns in thiii own -^rii, il- ;ii,i] oihers have good positions in Business Colloges 
and rommerclal Departments in 'itin i in-iiiin r.- 

.r II C.ile, EdSt Greenwich. U. I ; -i n w . ■ i;.. ui.k. , Va.; G .H. Breese, Brookville. Ont.;D. J. Saw- 
yer. I'yterboro, Ont ; J. C. Steven- I'.m ;-i.u \i v\ 1! Whelsler, Lincoln. III.; A. H. FuS-ett. Pactorv- 
ville. I'M ;-r. T.RIsingcr. Uticii. N "i . M ~ im^ , I n intn. Ont ; 0, B. Jones. Roohe-ter, N. Y 

If you write to these parlies, iiiid il. (m! -. [ -iiii i.-tion. let us know, and we will send you another 

The Hand Book of Volap'uk. 


Mcinlicrof tbe Academy of Vol a p ilk— President of tbe Institute of Accoviuts. 

One vol.f 12inOj 128 pp. Ileavf/ paper, bonntL Price, postage pahl, $J. 


Tills work, in tin; jireparulion of wbicb neitUer labor nor expeusn bus been spared 
comprises : 

1. An iutroducliou explaining tbe Purposes, Origin and History of Volai)Uk and of 
tbe VolapUk movement. 

2, A gniimniilioal exposition of llie structure of tbe lauguivge. 
:3. Tlio or<i-.r nr nrriTi-rTii-'iit of words. 

'1. Till' (In jv:ihnti III" u^T-K, tl].' sHfctiou of radica's and Ibe formation of new words 

,"), ■■ S|niil itn , i.'iniiiiiirii;il I MrrcspoDdence. 

H. ■■ .- lien. ling I.i-^'Miiis, 

7 Vo<!ihui;irv. Viilai)ilk-English. and Engl isb- VolapUk. 

In !i<l«liii(.n llifre is a portrait of Scbleyer, witb extracts from bis writings ; ii state 
nu-nt in Voliipilk of tbecbanges made by tbe second annual Congress ; and a key to the 
exircisf-s for cnrri-cling lionie work. 


The only .Vmerican periodical devoted in wbole or in part to the new international 
language is The Office. 

In it tbe department entitled ** Volaspoclel,** contains progressive lessons in 
Vohipilk. with special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly, 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies 10 cents each. 

For rireulars of tbe Hand Book of VolapUk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers. 

37 College Prace, New York. 




a kept clean. Every n 


liberal discount elven 
HK. send for a oodv 
a better quality i 


" ever given In cooneotton with 
cult things in writing but explains 

Ho Schools, Minneapolis. Minn,— 
hat the business world demands 

e. sau Francisco, ChI.-"!! Rivea 
'riling ' Is mo^t meritorious. The 
r learners. In short, the work Is 

J similar work publbhed, ' 

jijilulii wui'k niaikJ ill u nciit and suiisCantial case to anyaddri.- 
stamps not taken. 


: 180, MINNEAPOLIS, DUNN. P. O. Box 787, 

Mentifin The '^oubsal. 

and embarking into i 


Send fur niicnlars 

The Spencerian Copybooks, 

IiicliKliii,^;' tliu \-iirious scries of that w-ell-knowii system, still 
nuiiiitiiin their well-earned and generally recognized position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
imitated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles the 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and Ihe 
use of patented nmchiuery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


I!y P. Pv. Si'ENCi.u's Sons, constitute a new departuje in penman- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or .supersede the 
Si'ENCKRiAN, but for use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated "running hand" is desired. 

f Spencerian Large, ----- SG cenLs. 
Prices : ^ Spencerian Small, ----- 92 cents. 

1^ Spencerian New, ----- 96 cents. 
Corrcsjiondpiice Sdlicited. 


753 & 755 Broadway, New York., 
1-12 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 





of ihe .l.iv. I lie L...ul.-l,cu|)ms; siriccs alone reached a sale of One 
Hundred Thousand copies during tlie six years ending March. 1888. 

" Inliothirllrr nonl.-l.<<iiliiii.' tllliip., . . - JMcu, »/.23 

f^- Sample copies of any of the al 
paid, to teachers or school officers for 
lion, at one-half price. 

To the rrtiirtpfrt of riTijt sehnaJ, iinnrfpminfrft ifith the itvtk, who 
liinjf iltsirr tn tfst its itirril:* in ff<'-ts, iritti a rii'ir to rrtfttlar tittojltioil, 
Wf irill ."I Hit. rlinr-ii's in-<iniitt, tttt ritfiii-s nf tilt' jirst .><> pailfs OJ' the 
ttool.-l.ti-/uiit/. ttit/ti/ttr II t'/i a fojii/ of' *' fomji/ftr JUjnl.-heejiinijf'" on 
iecifil>t of only ■ 


"THRF.E WFEKS IN BUSINESS PRACMCE.'' The r,i..s( practicl. ie.icliable and rlTocilvc system 

ever devised (or iiliiiir«tine nctvml business in tiie mom 
IILANK BOOKS. Sp-ciaiiy ansinjrcd lo accompany ihc various editions of the book-keeping ; also, blanl; 

book* tor use in office deoarimenis. made to order 


WILLIAMS & ROGERS, Rochester, N. Y. 


Il.l SCKAl 

(au<i|<EYf, ~WoI>8tPHOTO-- 

iutly &rst-clas» eiigruviOKis < 

e admit, but who \ 

\ black ludta ink n 

lalllniif your attention to It In this advertlBe- 
d copy and stump Tor apeulmeiis. Mention 


Eight Reasons W hy This Truly National System Is The Best. 

•*•• — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn tlic 

System. Only si.t books. 
2d-— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loojis, ovals, etc. The first complete 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to secure such results. 
4th — lieautifully printeil by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as " zeugma, urquesue 

.\ylus, tenitly, mimetic, and xuthus." ' 

6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth more paper than in the books of 

any ether series- and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper renderiuo- them 

8th.— Very lovv rates for 

cheapest books 


AbiQiutflly QDiarpiigtd (or ElMtleity, Smgothoeii, 
ud SQiiltllty. 

Send 10 ueiils for utilqiio card 
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J s = 

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s w = 

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An Elegant Specimen Book containing all the Copies of the Series sent GRATIS to any Teacher. 

A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers. ;'" *'e'wTor"."" 

Published Monthly 
205 Broadway, N. Y., for $1 | 


Entered =it the Post Office of New York 
N , Y . as Second-Class Mail Matter 


Vol. XII.— No. 10. 

Across the Continent, 

The primary purpose of the series of 
articles of which this is the first, is to 
^ive to the uninitiated some sort of an 
idea of the scenic womlere which eDchant 
the tranaeontinental tourist. I have no 
colors that will reproduce the tones of the 
matchless landscape pictures — uo chisel 
with which to fashion the rugged grandeur 
of the mighty mountain statuary in this 
grand studio of the Rockies, where Nature 
herself presides b.s the artist. Neither 
have I words that will convey to the un- 
seeing those sensations of exquisite wonder 
;ind dehght born of the first spiritual and 
physical contact with these stupendous 
evidences of man's impotence before 
Nature. In n plain sort of way T shall 
Icll of the things that impressed me most, 
rcinforcine the aarfative with illustrations 
that may assist the reader to abetter com- 
prehension of the magnificent spectacles 
which make up this incomprehensible, in- 
conceivable wonderland. 

There were about 
lur teachers' party. 

11 himdred in 
singularly for- 


of the Grand Ceuti'al Depot, New York 
on July 6. "We reached Niagara in 
morning and spent a day in delightful cor 
templation of the Falls and their pictui 


— not the comparatively dwarfed product 
of the East, but real forests of com, 
whose luxurious green foliage, suggestive 
of the tropics, overtops the railway 
coaches. A boy might climb one of those 

The luiinifold attractions of this Jlecca 
of tourists are too familiar to dwell upon. 
Something may be said to advantage, 
though, about the changed conditions, 
wrought by the recent opening of the 
State Park. This reservation takes in the 
entire area contiguous to the Falls and can 
now be enjoyed by tourists free of charge. 
A very little while a 

tuitous dispensation of Providence, three- 
fourths were of the fair sex. Thus it wa-s 
lit least assured that we should not wend 
iiur journey upon a silent way. The 
>l>ecial train which was to be our moving 
home for spvrrol thousand miles pulled out 

the broad pli 

tage for sight-seeing was pre empted by 
hungry speculators who levied an out- 
rageous tribute upon visitors. Between 
these sharpers and the insatiable hackmen 
the former visitor was groiuid between the 
upper and neither millstones. Now a 
wholesome curb has been put upon the 
.lehus and they are permitted to exact only 
moderate fees, which are fixed by law. 
Following Uncle Sam's good example, the 
Canadian Government has laid out a public 
park on their side of the divide, so that 
there is no longer any tariff on the visitor's 
eyesight. Leaving Niagara in the evening 
we sheered off through Canadian territory 
to Michigan, which was traversed by day- 
light, Sunday, the day following, was 
spent in Chicago. This city has fairly 
earned its claim to the title of Metropolis 
of the We-st. That large ])ortion of it 
which was regenerated by its baptism of 
fire is probably not surpassed in point of 
attractiveness by any city in the world. 
What strikes the visitor with peculiar 
force is the uniform elegance of the build- 
ings. The convenience of the interior ap- 
pniutmeuts is also a notable feature. 
Ulock after block, with just enough archi- 
tectural variation to preserve the gcnenil 
harmony without becoming monotonous, 
present an effect not surpassed even in the 
<ify of New York. The day was very 
plciisantly spent iu visiting the various 
public parks, and in general sight-seeing. 
Bidding adieu to the charming lake city 

ig, we were whirled through 

lins of Illinois and Eastern 

re refreshing panorama of 

here presented would be dif- 

ine. There are rich, fields of 

and wheat and other cereals 

stout stalks, and a tall man would have 
to stand on a stepladder as tall as himself 
to reach the crowning tassels. 

The remarkable fertility of this section 
is further attested by evidences of thi'ift 
in the well-kept farmhouses. Every few 
minutes we shot past one of tliem, com- 
modious and comfortable looking, smartly 
:o every point of van- 

Colorado, the appearance of farms and 
residences deteriorates, until in the ex- 
treme western portion of the former State 
and the eastern part of the latter it looks 
as thovigh every revolution of the car- 
wheels were taking us further from civili- 
zation. The vast scorched plains before 
us nourish no trees nor grass nor fresh- 
looking vegetation of any kind. Only the 
despised sage bush and cactus lift thoir 
heads over the surface of the dreary 
plains, and draw their dwarf life from the 
ashen soil. There is, after all, something 
interesting in this Ishmaelite of shrubs, the 
sage bush, — or would be if there were not 
so much of it. It has all the physical 
characteristics of a miniature tree. When 
seen the first time it is like gazing at a 
patriarchal oak through the wrong end of 
a spy glass. One might almost fancy that 
the progenitor of tlie genus was a mission- 
ary acorn that tried to make something out 
of this earthen waste ; but when it got the 
ta.ste of the nasty parched alkaline soil 
concluded that it was a mighty poor place 
for benevolent oaks, and determined to 
follow the life of a recluse.' 

The only structures seen in this country 
are the railroad stations. The natives arc 
chiefly prairie dogs and hungry coyotes. 
Those old denizens of the plains, the buf- 
faloes, which roamed in muntU'ss hcrd.s 

painted, and rising up like an opal in its 

rich emerald setting. Surrounding each 

little grove, upon which 

ith pec!iliar rapture in this 

dioarily treeless region. 

Speeding on thi-ough Nebraska and into 

^idence is i 
e eye rests i 

liave long since piwsed away, and nil that 
i« left to remind one of them are the cattle 
up(m occasional large ranches. 

What a glorious cliongc to pass again 
from this expanse of desolation into fresh 

regions of smiling verdure — to expel the 
arid sediment from one's lungs by de- 
licious drafts of o/odc, pure and sweet 
from Nature's own refrigerators! An of- 
ficial of the road has just made an nn- 
noiinecment and there h a general craning 
of n( ck<i out of the » indou 8 and a rush for 
the platform The faintest thread of 
gray blue on the horizon auny ahead ii 
the distance tells the storv ItisonHtht 
ghost of nu outline — here a mcrcsiher\ 
fleck like the specter of a moonbeam there 
deluatclv undulating traccn as slender 
and a-s griciful us the lines of a spiaer s 
web— in nothing 8ugge8ti\e of the reality — 
those mighty aggiegations of lock and 
earth with their thousand jagged peaks 
and flight ful chasms It is our hrst 
ghnipsc of the Kockics As the trait 
rushes on th s first vision slouly glO\^s 
into an actuality of form and e\prei.sion 
New shipcs assert themselves until 1idu1!\ 
the unbroken summit contour of the fir t 
tiei of the Hotkies — the ( olorado"? — i*. un 
roUe 1 We begin to be irapiessed wKh 
the palpable is well us the -ipiritual 
ptrt of the picture Now and then thcic 
comes to us a ghmpseful revelation of the 
sublime rug^edncss whuh is softened b\ 
the ha/e of distance We at last leali/ 
the trick that the intervenmg miles ar 
playing on us in those slender dehcat 
lines— that «hat they represent are realh 
grim old patnarchs tiercely whiskered 
with growths of fir and pine, their corru- 
gated brows crowned with the gleaming 
frosts of ages. 

Fifty miles away. The sun, invisible 
to us for some time, has set behind the 
curious zigzag of mountain tops. The 

looking for "metal." Soon ii smnit 
Yankee liappened along and joined in the 
search. Luck was bad, and the Yankee 
instinct was not long in asserting itself. 
All the American had to spcculiite with 

was an antiquated silver watch that had 
long since ceased to perform its functions. 
The Greaser's available assets were bound 
up in his claim. In three days the Mexi- 
can had the watch and the Yankee was 

Fiflu M,lcsf, 

sparkle has fled before the eleepening twi- undisputed owner of the present site of 
light, and now the great liills are cold i Denver. So tradition runs, whether fable 
gray — now inky black. Behind, the ' or not, I cannot say; but enough silver 
burnished spokes of ApoUo's chariot over- j has been taken from this locality since to 
to]) the splendid spectacle.i'gilding' tlic ' make all the watches that have ticked- 

tocked since watches 
have been. 

The ]>rogressiveness 
of the citizens of Den- 

h'jmdsome public and 
private buildings, and 
numerous mining and 
smelting works. The 
city has a ]iopulation 
of nearly 100,000. If 
a shaft were sunk in 
its streets to the level 
of the sea. it would 
lack less than 200 feet 
of being a mile in 

All the environs of 
the place are in pict- 
uresque accord. On 
one side are the great 
plains stretching away 
for hundreds cf miles. 
On the other the cor- 
uscant needles of the 
mighty Colorados seem 
to pierce the sky and 
fliug back its flashes of 
turquoise light. Giunt 
sentries in this grand 
community of giants 
arc Mounts Rosalie and 
Rvans, and Grey's 
and James* peaks. 
Eighty miles to the 
south the crystal scepter of that mighty 
monarch of the Eastern Rockies, Pike's 
Peak, glitters like a crowning jewel in the 
empvrean, nearly 15,000 feet neater the 
stare than the billows of the Atlantic. 

are entering Denver, the 
Queen City of the Plains, just twe-lve 
miles from the eastern base of the Rockies, 
About twenty years ago a, vagrant Mexican 
mitier staked a "clami" here and began 

ii Smithwisteni detour over the Denver und 
Rio Grande Railroad to Manitou Springs, 
the Saratoga of the Rockies. The town 
rises up brusquely at the foot of Pike's 
Peak. It is on a little spur of the railroad, 
five miles from Colorado 
,,.., .. City, which is on the 

^ main line. Manitou is 

;i rapidly growing and a 
remarkably enterprising 
town with several spa- 
cious hotels, which at 
the time of our visit 
were crowded to over- 
flowing. It has six 
Tamous mineral springs, 
which attract hundreds 
of health seekers, so 
that it has become per- 
haps the best-known 
ssmitarium in that sec- 
tion. But the chief glory 
of the place is in the 
magnificence of its en- 
vironments. At your 
_ very door are mountains 

s "^ two and one-half miles 

high, seamed with gap- 
ing canyons, and veined 
with gurgling streams 
md leaping cataracts 

The most notable of 
the great goijjei, in the 
vicinity aie the Noith 
and South Cheyenne Cauvons the latter 
particularly presents scenes of entrancing 
wilduess. At the bottom of tie 
chasm is a little splashing mount 
ain stream, which for ages has 
been eating its way into the great 
stone heart of the mountain The 
massive walls rise up sheer to a 
height that ronfuses the vision 
You thread \oui way carefullj 
along a. narrow pathway at the bot 
torn, having constantly to cross the 
little stream that writhes along its 
tortuous course hke tisihcr serpent 
At one end of the chasm is a 
huge granite basin into which the 
stream dashes in a chain of water 
falls, hundreds of feet to the seeth 
ing pool below Theie are seven 
links in this cascade chain befoie 
the bottom is 1 cached, but only 
three of them are visible fion^ 
above. These aie shown m the 
accompanying pictui e The re 
fleeted colors of the mountains on 
the sparkling cataracts offer some 
excpiisite studies in uidescence but 
Old Sol's genial face beams on the 
whii'ligig of wateis at the bottom 
only for an instant at meridian 

Amid this prodigal wealth nf 
wonders one ftels cmbairasscd in 
choosing subjects with which to 
convey a feeble sense of the ad 
miration the all pel vadmg grandeur 
comjiels. The reader his had only 
a fitful glimpse — a mere wmk, 1 
might say — at one of the hundred 
unspeakably wild gulches about 
Manitou. A few moments in one 
of its many caverns may not be an 
untimely change. Chief of the latter are 
the Cave of the Wind and the Grand Cav- 
erns, running side by side, and having 
many characteristics in common. The 
latter is a sort of edition ile luxe of the 
other, and maj serve for purposes of 

Approach to the e'ave lies over the Utc 
Pass, a route of weird beauty, formerly 
accessible only to pedestrians, but recently 
transformed into a carriage way. The 
Grand Caverns arc something over half 
a mile in length. You climb up the rocks 
and enter the cave through a huge stone 
funnel. Labynnlhine passages string 
together a succession of chambers of 
greatly varying size and form. Some- 
times you have to bend your head in order 
to progress at all, and in places the loop- 
holes connecting the chambers have had 

to be enlarged in order to make sufficient 
passage way. 

After squeezing through one of these 
eyelets you are almost transfixed with 
amazement to find yourself in an immense 
gloomy chamber anywhere fron^ 100 to 300 
feet long. The flickering light of your 
candle is impotent to poneti-ate the gloom 
which veils the ceiling neariy 100 feet 
overhead. In the heavy, humid atmos- 
phere the light falls with a ghastly, firefly 
glare on stalactites and fanciful incrusta- 
tions, which cover the floor and walls. It 
is as though some elfin frescoer had been 
at work there, and through the long, 
silent ages had wrought these subtle pat- 
terns. There are marvelous arabesques 
and crystal mosaics. There are ribbons 
molded by Nature's process into the form 
of a cascade. There are sprigs of coral 
shape and branching antlers^ Some of 
the stalactites respond to a blow with rich 
musical tones, aiid by judicious selec- 
tions tunes may be perfoniied on them as 
in the manner of a .xylophone. Our party 
was entertained by a skillful performance 
of several tunes upon such a natural 

Another charming prospect from a point 
ill the Ute Pass is the Rainbow Falls, 
where the ii\ei has a clear leap of nearly 
100 feet and goes sweeping down the 
mountain side with terrihc swiftness 

\ singular characteristic of the loil of 
this, region is that while it is rich m the 
essenfesof plant life iriigation is neces 


^ary to render it profitably productive. 
\U through the mountains and foot-liills 
are pines and firs with willows and silver 
leaved cottonwood nursing the winding 
brooks. Apart from the trees the burnt 
white upper crust of the mountain soil 
yields only a thin, hardy grass. The pau- 
e-ity of indigetmiis plants gives even the 
open spaces an air of sterility — provided 
one had little enough respect for his finer 
feelings to allow his eycsigh|r ever to get 
down OS far as the level. 

But for a veritable garden spot, an oasis 
of verdant beauty, commend us to Col- 
orado Springs, whie-h wc- have before 
barely mentioned. It is a good, big, 
healthy looking town, with broad streets 
and handsome and substantial buildings, 
and is entirely swathed in fields of the 
richest green. This has been brought 


lit by an ingenious system of irrigation, 
ich renders the soil uncommonly pro- 

Abuut eqiii -distant from Colorodo 
SpringM nud Manitoti, though not in a 
direct line, is the world-famed Garden of 
111'; Gods. Two towering red sandstone 
[lillars, from cither of which all the houses 
<■( n city block could be carved, serve as 
tlic gateway. Throughout the level area 
• >{ the Garden, comprising hundreds of 
;m ri's, rise these isolated monolitlis, ab- 
rupt, colossal, in every manner of fnutas- 
( ir form and eccentric pose. The place ex- 
liiks the weird atmosphere of the days 
v^lu'n mighty Titans rended mountains 
Hill crumbled tlie massive masonry of the 
-'■Is, Surely here must have been their 
' i iptcd pleasure ground. 

Ill sportive mood they have piled rock 
II ["111 rock, over-lapping, over-arching, 
luitiug off at erratic angles and taper- 
111^^ skyward in spire and minaret. They 
Kn c hewn out cubical bowlders as large as 
M lour-story house and poised them on one 
-hiiip corner, as though the weight of a 
iMnus hand would send them cnislnnfi; 
'l"\vn. Truncated cones and pyramids 

arc also very serious, although not so geii- 
crally known as those brought to light 
through business transactions. If the full 
history of the errors, suspense, ill-feeiing. 
e.\tra labor, heartaches, railroad acci- 
dents, lawsuits and other things of an 
unpleasant nature growing out of careless 
writing were written no library would be 
large enough to hold it. 

It is no excuse for a man to say that he 
cannot write more plainly. If he cnn 
write at all he can make himself under- 
stood. That he does not do this is simply 
because he is not wilting to make the 
effort. He is too impatient or careless, or, 
as is frequently the case, lazy. To write 
lines so closely together that the division 
between them is almost imperceptible, to 
make confusing abbreviations or figures 
that may be taken for any of the numerals, 
to scrawl a signature that is as much 
Egyptian as English in its rhirqgraphy, 
and to make the body of a communica- 
tion a succession of meaningless loops 
and curves, is as senseless as it is imper- 
tinent. The man who writes this way 
from preference must be inflated with u 
sense of his own importance or indiflfereut 
to the heavy draft he makes upon the 

Old Visiting Cards. 

Qiircr ronroilH of PaMlilonabIc Cnll- 
er» of Lr.I Ccniurr. 

In the nineteenth century, nothing is 
(l€ refffr for engftved visiting cards but the 
immaculate white Bristol board with the 

We have been so satiated with the re- 
dundancy of cheap and lavish ornamenta- 
tion, that anything pertaining to wedding, 
ball and vUiting cards are only subscribed 
with the necessary words or names, and 

It was not so in the past century, for the 
elegants of that period reveled in highly 
ornamental pasteboard. Renowned artists 
furnished the designs, among whom may 
be numbered Cassanova, Raphael Mengs 
and others. Morghens, the celebrated en- 
graver, did the artistic work. It proved 
most profitable, as these costly trifles were 
much in deuand among those who could 
afford to pay for them. 

A New Year's card, of the painter Adam 
Bartsch, has on it a water spaniel, holding 
the curd in his mouth. 

An aqua fortis of Cassanova shows an 
Austrian hussar placing his foot on the 

i;ivc served^ for them^ in freakish mood, 
1^ pc3cstal8 for grim, impossible griffins 
mil fashions of uncanny animal life. From 
uireted battlements Faun and Satyr mul- 
:iplii;d a hundred times peer into the green 
i\i""l" rtf the mountain slopes for visions 
>l ll..ii(ij Diyiids, And crowning it all 

I' '"' ' Ills rise up hundreds of feet, as 

lii'iiLjli -lii't out of a fcighty catapult from 
liL' buwcls of the earth. Toning the glaring 
rf'i of these stony phantoms is the delicate 
-■ipphire of the Colorado sky, the shifting 
- i;iy-grcen of the mountain sides, and 
^laiid old Pike's Peak's peariy diadem 
L'liiiling in the yellow sunshine. 

To he 

Waste, Trouble and Expense. 

A large portion of the errors of busi- 
I ss life are the re--*ult of dlegible haud- 

litiug and a loose style of composition, 
here is not an important business firm in 
t liouis or any other city that is not an- 
lycd by almost undecipherable orders 
id letters, entailing a vast amount of 
inicessary work, and leading at times to 

ricim confusion and unfortunate misun- 

I -landing. As a rule one such cominu- 

ition requires as muoh time and labor 

half a dozen others that can be read 

'I understood with ease. The difficulties 

1 'I arise in private life from these causes 

patience and time of his friends and 
business associates. 

How far our schools are responsible for 
this kind of writing is a question which 
educators might find it profitable to study. 
It is not altogether certain that the stand- 
ard systems of penmanship fully meet 
the requirements of i)ractical life. Tliey 
d(» not in our judgment give the emphasis 
they should to rapidity, and they are with- 
out exception effeminate in tteir style. 
There is danger of an extreme reaction 
from a slow and painstaking method of 
writing when one who has fully entered 
the business world finds himself pressed 
for time and required to use the pen al- 
most incessantly. An absurd notion ob- 
tains that an illegible handwriting is a 
sign of greatness of character, and some 
l)erMons are foolwh enough to cultivate 
such a style because many men of genius 
have written a wretched hand. But such 
persons are mere apes. They copy the 
weaknesses of great men because they have 
neither the inclination nor the capacity to 
copy their virtues. They might with 
equal propriety, if such a thing were pos- 
sible, cultivate a habit of snoring because 
possibly Napoleon or some other celebrity 
had a failing in that direction.— C^n^rJ/ 
Chrintinn AJrocaU. 

This is a pen to fill thee with delight— 
Ames' Best. Peerless! Luxurious! 

neck of a prostrate Turk. He holds aloft 
in his right hand a banner, and in a murky 
sky can be discovered an eagle soaring to- 
ward heaven 

Fischer, of Berne, ingeniously contrives 
a rebus from his name. On his card is 
depicted a fishing net, held by the figures 

of li 

1 and 1 

On that of the Marquis de Llano, the 
name is surrounded by a garland of roses 
with an interlaced border of olive leaves 
and fruit. 

A vignette representing Cupid holding 
a medallion inscribed with the name of 
Prince Esterhazy, is a fine specimen of the 
taste of the past age. 

The carte th vhife of the Comtcsse de 
Millesemo, nh Comtcsse de Hamilton, ex- 
hibits a landscape in one corner, almost 
embowered in elaborate arabesques and 
scroll- work. 

That of the wealthy Russian parvenu. 
Prince DemidolT. displays much elaborate 
ornamentation of design. 

The Italian taste for the antique even 
extended to their cards, for on them were 
engraved /ar-«imiV<« of vaiious works of 
art, intaglios, bass-reliefs, &c. 

That of the Comte di Nobile displays a 
number of mythological subjects tastefully 

The architect Blondcl's name appears 
above the cornice of a ruined monument. 

Mr. Burdett, with the usual English 
eccentricity^ places his cognomen on a 

representation of the tomb of Cecilia 
Metella, a somen hat lugubrious reminder, 
it would seem. 

That of the Marquis di las Casas bears 
the device of a blazing sun mounted on a 
car which is receding from the East. 

The English mostly affected realistic 
landscapes of well-known resorts or public 
buildings, while literary people often 
placed in one corner the bust of a favoriic 
author or poet. 

In this utilitarian age, visiting is no 
longer such an occasion of haute eeremonie 
as it was at one time, and the hostess of 
to-day, with hundreds of people on her 
visiting list, has little leisure to more than 
glance hurriedly at her pile of snowy cards, 
and hastily inscribe her indebtedness on 
her visiting book. We have so much an 
elsewhere that we cnn atTord to dispense 

vith i 


Speed in Writing. 
Editor of The JouitjjAi. : 

For the edification of those we lovb 
most dear, I suhnjit the following, with an 
earnest wish that other quarters of this 
mundane sphere be heard from at no dis- 
tant day. Whatever may be the begin- 
ning, progressive people expect growth as 
the fruit of toil : 


■ ithou gbt.. 












































Average number of strokes per second. 

If you desir^ to illHstrafe to a class the 
rapidity at wliich the hand can move 
through space, make the figure 1 three hun- 
dred times in a minute. Each stroke re- 
quires two motions, so that if the pen was 
kept upon the paper continuously twice 
the number of strokes would be produced 
per minute, making 000; this divided by 
tiO, the number of seconds per minute, 
will give 10 strokes per second. Is this 
enoughl Who can do more? 

Keokuh, Iowa. 

An Kxlraordliiarj Will. 

A few years ago an extraordinary will 
was proved at Pesth, whereby the testator, 
a physician named Goldberger de Buda, 
left half his fortune, about a quarter of a 
million of florins, to accumulote for the 
benefit of posterity until the interest 
should suffice to relieve destitution imi- 
versally. According to a calculation made 
by the testator, his wishes might be car- 
ried out when the capital represented 209,- 
000,000 of floriu.s. The will is now con- 
tested by one of the legatees and the case 
is to be tried next November, when claim- 
ants are expected from London, the United 
States and Madrid. 

Electricity- for WrltcrM* ParulVHlii. 

In one of the broad windows of the 
recording department of the oflice of 
James Bond, Clerk of the Superior Court, 
is a small electric battery. It is used by 
the recorders for the relief of the cramp 
of the muscles of the hand which follows 
long-continued and steady use of the pen. 
The relief is instantaneous, and clerks who 
formeriy were compelled at times to stop 
work for several days on account of swell- 
ing and contraction ot the muscles of the 
hand now take a few gentle shocks of the 
electric current on the slightest approach 
of stiffness. They return to work at once, 
entirely relieved, and continue without 
inconvenience. Neariy every one of the 
score of clerks receives benefit from the 
electric current, and the battery is re- 
garded as an indispensable fixture of the 
office. — Baltiviore Sun. 

SPvotifiatib ^cpathiicnt-. 

[All matter intrrulcd for this dcpjirtment 
(inclmiing shorthand exchanges), should 
be sent to Mrs. L. H. Packard, 101 Eimt 
23d atrpct. New York. J 

An Episode. 

One of the most nnticejihU- hnl)I^pnilll,'^ 
at the recent convention of the Business 
Kducators' Association of America, held 
at Minneapolis, was incident to the School 
of Shorthand at its last eveniufi session. 
On that occasion an invitation had been 
extended to a large number of anianuenscs 
of the city, and 30 or 40 were in attend- 
jiiice. It WHS proposed to take \i\i the dis- 
cussion of Ijinuimti;*' as applicable to the 
course of instruction for amanuenses, and 
rlie opening exercises of the evening had 
this purpose and direction. Incidentally 
a (luestiou was asked one of the amanu- 
enses present, which brought out such a 
bright and apt answer tluit other questions 
followed, and shortly the entire character 
of the evening's entertainment was 
changed. It occurred all at once to the 
teachers prcjfent that here was an unculti- 
vated field, and that such an opportunity 
might nut occur agiiin soon, so those who 
came to listen were made the speakers of 
the evening. They were called U|)on indi- 
vidually, and showed great williiiL''iK'Js in 
juiswcring any questions that were imi t{> 
them concerning the difficulties which liml 
beset them in connection with their work, 
the object on the part of the teachers 
being to know how to direct the course of 
instruction. If any one of these bright 
workers had been asked to "speak " upon 
any .subject whatever he would have con- 
sidered it impossible, but answering ques- 
tions was another matter; and so, before 
they were aware of it. tjie entire body of 
professional workers were called upon, 
each in his or her turn, to contribute to 
the occasion. The incident created wide- 
spread interest, and teachers from the 
other "schools "in session, hearing what 
was going on, presented themselves with 
their interrogation points and helped to 
make things lively. It is understood that 
a full report of the proceedings will be 
published, and if this part of them shall 
receive the light it will make very lively 

In another column will be found a ]mpei- 
from Mr. Packard, taken from the Phono- 
[irnphic Worlt/, on the " Girl AmanuensLs." 
There are some points in it worthy of con- 
sideration, and especially those relating to 
pergonal neatness and lady-like deport- 
ment OR a part of the equipment of the 
professional amanuensis. Girls have a 
hart! struggle at the best, and it becomes 
them quite as much as it does young men, 
in their efforts to take care of themselves, 
to put the right foot forward. A word to 
the wise Ls sufficient. 

What is Happening. 

The sUorthund schools, everywhere, are 
nourishing like green bay trees, and 
thousands of bright girls and boys 
are being added to the list of pro- 
fessional amanneiipes. At the present 
rate of supply it would seem that 
the demand will soon be met. When 
it is, then comes the weeding, and Mr. 
Webster's immortal saying of "room at 
the top" will be the bread of consolation 
doled out to the hungering aspirant. 

One of the best things of the last year's 
production in books is Mr. Osgoodby's 
"Great Moon Hoax," done in Osgood by 
script, which is as neat us neat can be. It is 
used as a reading book for Osgoodby stu- 
dents, and is a valuable hint to shorthand 

Brother Bartholomew, the distinguished 

promoter of the stenograph, speaks en- 
couragingly of the prevalence of his cun- 
ning little macWne. He still has doubts, 
however, whether it can be used with suc- 
cess in Congress, unless the distinguished 
orators can be induced to speak louder 

writing desk, with drawers, pigeon-holes, 
&c., and a revolving lid — altogether a tony 

Brother Miner, of the PhontMjraphic 
WorM, typewriter headquarters, &c., is the 
live man of the shorthand journalistic 

A New Trip Through the Land of Contractions. 

and more distinctly, and the other distin- 
guished members will learn lo keep still 
while the onifing goes on. 

The manufacturers of the Remington 
typewriter have instituted a cabinet which 
has all the good qualities of a modern 

world. He carries a level head and a stiff 
upper lip, and always knows which side of 
his bread is buttered. He makes his paper 
represent himself, and ns he represents the 
best there is, there is a beautiful consist- 
ency about the whole matter. 

About Girls' Wages. 

It is only within the past ten years that 
it ha.s become fashionable for American 
girls to earn their own livinc — in fact, 
only since shorthand and typewriting 
have grown to be girls' trades. 

The new profession that has sprung up 
so suddenly and increased so rapidly has 
revolutionized public sentiment as to the 
respectability of any occupation for girls, 
beyond that of teaching. The demand 
for expert amanuenses, which has created 
the new profession, is being rapidly met 
by schools all over the land, and the hasty 
manner in which the demand is being met 
forces an evil upon the country, which 
works badly in two ways. First, it holds 
out inducements to girls which cannot be 
met, and. next, it prejudices the public 
against school -trained amanuenses. 

There is, however, as yet a healthy de- 
mand for capable amanuenses, and the 
schools that are known to send out only 
competent workers have more applications 
than Ihey can fill. And the best part of 
it is that competent workers, even with- 
out business experience, can earn living 
salaries. The average of such first salaries 
is from $8 to $10 a week. This may not 
seem a large amount, but, as compared 
with the wages of shop girls, or even sew- 
ing girls, it is munificent. And especially 
is it so compared with the wages paid to 
females in any of the foreign cities. 

Mrs. Eliza Putnam Ileaton, who has been 
studying the matter of women's wages in 
London, has written an interesting a'^count 
to the ^fnil and Express, of this city, from 
which we extract a few significant par- 

The line of distinction drawn between 
the telephone and the telegraph girl in 
the matter of gentility will strike the aver- 
age American girl as "just too funny for 
anything." And so it is; but, as' it is 
" English, you know," we must conclude 
there is 'something in it, though we may 
not be able to see it. This writer further 

Every avenue of employn 
women is choked, and there are literally 
multitudes of destitute women, " not of 
the working class," some of them, com- 
petent, others anxious to do anything but 
able to do nothing well, looking eagerly 
about them for chances to make shillings 
or pence, without lifting their eyes to 


Typewriting and stenography, which 
employ such numbers of young women 
in New York, are only beginning to be 
recognized as affording openings for wo- 
men here. The first schnnl for teaching 
typewriting to '/nU wn-i np.iifil fmir years 
ago. It i>; still till' I .1 ■■■ -I ..iK . ■■in|tloy- 

hear, and it :;i ii j c | il^ this 

past twelveiuoulh. '.A'At jhij.iI .1 mlviiigsix 
months. There arc a few girls employed 
aajjpewritersin Liverpool and others make 
a fairly good thing out of coj)ying r 

told there 

—that is. 

I An 

of the Oxford and 

: in England as 

Good typewriters 

typewriters— earn from 

week here. I have heard tales 
of $10, but have not been able to come 
upon any women earning such a fabulous 
salary. It is paid. I think, only to very 
rapid ty])ists who are also shorthand writ- 
ers and who have a knowledge of Con- 
tinental languages in addition to English. 
What is true of typewriting is even truer 
of shorthand. It is spoken of as an em- 

Sloymcnt well suited to women, but is 
one almost altogether by men. Many 
women learn it, but comparatively few arc 
in paying practice. 

The telephone girl in London, as in New 
York, is an institution. The United Tele- 
phone Company employs hundreds of wo- 
men, and the "eagerness with which ap- 
pointments are sought, the lonp files of 
names on the hooks in the ma>n office, 
registered in hope of a vacancy, lift the 
veil, when one considers that the salaries 
begin at $3.75 per week and seldom rise 
above $4, from an amount of suffering 
hard to realize. With all the meagerness 


of pay iind slowuess of promotiou nppiicn- 
tiousare considered only from daii^liters 
of "gtntlenien," young persons whose 
parents Itelong to trade being baired out. 
English distinctions as to grades of gen- 
tility ii) empioymeut are hard to under- 
stand. The telephone ^rl ranks above 
the telegraph operator, who iisually learns 
more but whose place is not hedged about 
by caste i>rovisos. Great numbers of wo- 
men are employed as telegraph operators 
at the general post office in London, in 
Dublin, in Edinburgh, in Manchester, Bir- 
mingham mid ;i ffvv nthcr liir;,'c I'uvus, 

tioii- I ■.-,,■■ . ,.. ,.. ■ I,. ^111 

with, ir-urj I.. V, -,n ,,|,, ,, ,,|,„. ,,, |,,k.' 
responsible rUiir'.fe of an iiisrninunt. :uid 
by annual increments to $3.75 per week, 
a maximum to be reached with diligence 
in seven or eight years. First-class women 
telegi'aphers — that is, women who can 
take heavy wires on long lines, earn |7 a 
week, rising by annual increments to $8.50. 
There are nut iimny women fortunate 
eniniLili '■' r. .■ )i tiii- tiLrure, though there 
arc li -■ I 1 !■-(■ above it, and as 

mjiti'i .vuis of telegraphers 

The Girl Amanuensis. 

{From th.' Phon.-<tr.ti,h W.'rI.l.) 

She has come to stay. Let us accept 
her as a fact, and treat her like a man. 
She deserves it, and will thank us for it. 
When I say ' ' treat her like a man, " I mean 
hire her to do her work, expect her to do 
it, tm^ptiy hit- for it. I mean, also, that, 
being a girl should not ali>;nlvi:; her from 
duty, nor subject her to (.iit\ .xiriitinns 
that destroy her usefulm--- :iinl kir|, litr 
from seeing and doing tiun^^-. ili:ii ;in to 
her advantage. Ten yciirs ;i;^._. uilq wlil- 
more in the habit of writing tlieir own let- 
ters than they are to-day The type- 
writer was scarcely known then, and the 
small amount of work it did served only 
to offend the receiver of the type-written 
letter, who was apt to advise his corres- 
pondent that he was not so ignorant that 
he '-couldn't read writing." To-day the 
click of the little machine is heard every- 
where — iu the business oftiee, in ihebauk, 
in the lawyer's office, in the editor's office, 
and wherever letters are to be written and 
legal documents produced. And the clear 
brain and deft fingers that are doing this 
work are the brain and fingers of the 17- 
year-oid girl who has dropped her croquet 
mallet and her tennis racquet, and taken 
up her fountain pen and life's" sober but 

This is the girl I have in mind, and the 
one to whom I would like to address afcw 
sober hints. 

Firstly, dear girl, do you understand 
what it is to be necessary to somebody— 
not as a friend, or a po-isiljle wife, but as a 
helper — a co-worker? Can you see how 
much larger and fuller your li'fe is to be by 
having a hand in things that must be 

This mysterious world of "business" 
that has seemed to you so vague, und.yet 
sB proteutous — that has seemed, in fact, to 
be wholly beyond your comprehension — is 
about to open to you, and you are to be 
intrusted with matters of grave impor- 
tance—with confidential matters, even such 
as you are expected to repeat to nobody; 
such jvs you are not even to think of again 

compensation — enough, possibly to pay 
your board and buy your clothing. In 
short, you are going to take care of your- 
self, and will not be forced to expend 
your energies and waste your time angling 
for a husband whom you do not want. 
These are great nrivilege-s, and bespeak 
high qualities. The primleges you have; 
how about the qualities? Let us enum- 
erate some of the most essential: 

To be an acceptable amimuensis you 
must (1), be fin expert writer of short- 
hand; (2), an expert „p,Tritr,T-rHi the type- 
Writer; (H). ;l I If {M I >iMii III, ji good 
English sell.. In . , , ^,.,^,1 ^ij\_ 

Perhaps you i:i, ,„ i,, i ,-. i,,|uiremeut 
the easiest, uua ... u .,,-,.,.. good girl. 
But to be a goud girl iu the sense I mean 
is something more than being good-nat- 
ured, obliging, truth-loving, or even 
faithful. All these you must be, but 
beyond them you must be ft person whose 
presence as well as whose work is desir- 
able. In homely phrase, you must be just 
that kind of a girl whom people like to 
"' have around." There is no objection to 
your being pretty— If you can't help it; 
but if you should happen to be |)retty, 
don't presume on your good looks, nor 
imagine that they will, in 'any way, iitone 
for your short-comings. A sweet smile 
fr.>m a bright face «tel)ghts any man of 

Mn-e; but, if there is nothniii: behind it. 
it does not go far. 

It is every girl's privilege — it ought 
never to be spoken of as « duty 
— to dress becomingly. The girl aman- 
uensis is dressed becomingly when she 
is dressed appropriately to her busi- 
ness; and to be thus dressed need not de- 
tract a single charm from her loveliness — 
in fact, it will only add to her loveliness. 
It is begging the question to say that a 
girl should be neat, both in her attire and 
in her person; that her hands should be 
clean, her finger nails well triuiiued, her 
hair properly arranged. Ini leiili 
and white, and her broil li -w. 1 1 '^■lii' 
sliould have no bad habit- ii<>t 'M n ili> 
habit of gum-chewing, juul -\i>- ^ImnM l,e 
a lady in all that the word implies. 

The girl amanuensis need never be a 
nuisance; but, on the other hand, she 
should make herself as welcome and de- 
sirablv in her business as she is in her 
home. To do this she has only to, be 
helpful, and to be helpful is not to be un- 
pleasantly aggressive, nor to be over- 
anxious and fidgety. Least of all is it to 
be pervading and effusive — to "stand 
around" like a super-serviceable clown in 
the circus, seeming to do everything, while 
really doing nothing. Repose is the qual- 
ity best fitted to the girl amanuensis, or to 
the girl-anything; repose of manner that 
so well befits -i.pfiiiess of speech and 
quieliK- iii'l . r,. I. :i. ■, of actiuu. Tho 
youni: 1 I . I ill a high key and 

with I I I I I,,, slams doors after 

her, iiiiil nh M 1 1 ( - Ik I loming and going 
by the vm<^uv^ ..f bells or the blowing of 
whistles, might pass for a weak imitation 
of a locomotive, but she would in nowise 
impress one as being a good oflice com- 
panion, or an effective worker. The best 
work is that which is done with the clear- 
est understanding and the least fuss. To 
do things without seeming to do them, 
and to attract attention through things 
accomplished rather than through the 
mechanism by which they are accom- 
plished, is the secret of acceptableness. 

The presence of the girl amanuensis 
should be felt rather than observed; and 
when, for any cause, she is absent froui 
her post, those whom she serves should 
miss her, not from the greater quiet that 
has come to them, but from a realizing 
sense that something sweet and pleasant 
has dropped out of their routine; that the 
office is more gloomy and less attractive, 
and that somehow things don't get on as 
they should. 

But beyond this, the girl amanuensis 
that I have in mind is not merely ii young 
lady who is able to earn her own "living 
and IS proud of it; she is something more 
than a mere worker for wages, however 
faithful she may be as such. She is a 
benefactor to the world, and especially to 
that i)art of it to which she belongs. 
Every girl who does her full duty makes 
it easier for every other-gjrl who wishes to 
do hers. The prejudice that exists 
against employing girls in confidential and 
remunerative positions <-!ni lu' reiiir,\e(I 
only b\ till- -irl- fln-m-, Iw - \n,i ii,, , 
candn It ■ !,. r m,.i i,,|.i. i, i .. w \ ,■ 
ever pm i.. .■■..■ 

But there ih rfiill\ veiv hdie preiudiee <-! 
that kind. On the other hand, there is a 
growing impression that the advent of 
girls into business oflices is in many way* 
advantageous. They bring with them 
order and refinement, banish tobacco 
smoke and profanity, and set an example 
of regularity and decency. They may not 
be as available for certain kinds of rough 
work, but there are so many things about 
an office that a giri can do, and do well, 
that there is very little call for services 
that she cannot perform. 

A sensible girl can usually hold her place 
against all competitors, because she will 
make herself fel